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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29303959/influenza-vaccination-rates-among-parents-and-health-care-personnel-in-a-german-neonatology-department
#1
Horst Buxmann, Anne Daun, Sabine Wicker, Rolf Lambert Schlößer
The influenza vaccination is recommended for all German pregnant women and health care personnel (HCP). We are the first to publish vaccination rates of mothers of hospitalized newborns and HCP in neonatal units. Between September 2016 and March 2017, data were collected in our level-III neonatology department in this descriptive multidisciplinary study, using an anonymous questionnaire. As a result, 513 persons were asked to participate, including 330 parents and 183 HCP. We received an 80.3% (412/513) response rate, 87...
January 5, 2018: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277487/training-program-for-pain-assessment-in-the-newborn
#2
E Carpentier, F Moreau, S Soriot-Thomas, P Tourneux
AIM: Pain management is correlated with pain assessment in the newborn infant. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a 2-week training program composed of short (20min), repeated training sessions conducted in the unit. METHODS: Pain assessment was studied by means of audits. Each audit included data recorded from the newborn infant's medical charts on the day the infant was admitted to the unit and 3 days before the audit. An audit was performed before the training program and then repeated every month for 12 months...
January 2018: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208875/predicting-neonatal-hyperbilirubinemia-using-first-day-serum-bilirubin-level-in-late-preterm-and-term-healthy-newborn
#3
K A Khan, J Alam, N Nahar, S K Dey, M A Mannan, M Shahidullah
Hyperbilirubinemia is a common problem during the neonatal period and is the most common reason for readmission after early hospital discharge of the healthy near term and term infants. This early discharge policy along with limited follow-up facilities in developing countries and inadequate communication between physicians and parents necessitates a prognostic test to predict hyperbilirubinemia in these newborns; for early and effective management and prevention of potential complication before it occurred...
October 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137711/novel-free-radical-mediated-lipid-peroxidation-biomarkers-in-newborn-plasma
#4
Ángel Sánchez-Illana, Sudhin Thayyil, Paolo Montaldo, Dorothea Jenkins, Guillermo Quintás, Camille Oger, Jean-Marie Galano, Claire Vigor, Thierry Durand, Máximo Vento, Julia Kuligowski
Oxidative stress derived from perinatal asphyxia appears to be closely linked to neonatal brain damage and lipid peroxidation biomarkers have shown to provide predictive power of oxidative stress related pathologies in situations of hypoxia and reoxygenation in the newborn. The objective of this work was to develop and validate of a comprehensive liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry approach for the quantitative profiling of 28 isoprostanoids in newborn plasma samples covering a broad range of lipid peroxidation product classes...
December 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096709/strategies-for-preventing-group-b-streptococcal-infections-in-newborns-a-nation-wide-survey-of-italian-policies
#5
Chryssoula Tzialla, Alberto Berardi, Claudio Farina, Pierangelo Clerici, Alessandro Borghesi, Elsa Viora, Paolo Scollo, Mauro Stronati
BACKGROUND: There are no Italian data regarding the strategies for preventing neonatal group B streptococcal (GBS) infection. We conducted a national survey in order to explore obstetrical, neonatal and microbiological practices for the GBS prevention. METHODS: Three distinct questionnaires were sent to obstetricians, neonatologists and microbiologists. Questionnaires included data on prenatal GBS screening, maternal risk factors, intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, microbiological information concerning specimen processing and GBS antimicrobial susceptibility...
November 2, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073796/death-audit-in-the-neonatal-icu-of-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bangladesh-a-retrospective-chart-review
#6
Sanjoy Kumer Dey, Sharmin Afroze, Tariqul Islam, Ismat Jahan, Mohammad Kamrul Hassan Shabuj, Suraiya Begum, Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Mohammad Abdul Mannan, Mohammod Shahidullah
BACKGROUND: Expectant reduction of neonatal mortality and formulation of preventive strategies can only be achieved by analysis of risk factors in a particular setting. This study aimed to document incidence of neonatal death and to analyze the risk factors associated with neonatal death. METHODS: This retrospective study was carried out in department of Neonatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University (BSMMU) over a 12-month period from January to December 2015...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994890/errors-in-preparation-and-administration-of-parenteral-drugs-in-neonatology-evaluation-and-corrective-actions
#7
Nesrine Hasni, Emira Ben Hamida, Khouloud Ben Jeddou, Sarra Ben Hamida, Imene Ayadi, Zeineb Ouahchi, Zahra Marrakchi
BACKGROUND: The medication iatrogenic risk is quite unevaluated in neonatology Objective: Assessment of errors that occurred during the preparation and administration of injectable medicines in a neonatal unit in order to implement corrective actions to reduce the occurrence of these errors. METHODS: A prospective, observational study was performed in a neonatal unit over a period of one month. The practice of preparing and administering injectable medications were identified through a standardized data collection form...
December 2016: La Tunisie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965726/-pulse-oximetry-screening-of-critical-congenital-heart-defects-in-the-neonatal-period-the-spanish-national-neonatal-society-recommendation
#8
Manuel Sánchez Luna, Alejandro Pérez Muñuzuri, Ester Sanz López, José Luis Leante Castellanos, Isabel Benavente Fernández, César W Ruiz Campillo, M Dolores Sánchez Redondo, Máximo Vento Torres, Segundo Rite Gracia
Due to its severity, as well as the consequences of a late diagnosis, critical congenital heart defects (CCHD) represent a challenging situation, making an early diagnosis necessary and ideally before symptoms appear when circulatory collapse or death of the newborn can occur. Due to this, a prenatal and very early postnatal diagnosis is very important. Prenatal ultrasound screening and physical examination of the newborn can miss a considerable number of CCHD cases. Pulse oximetry screening has been demonstrated to be an effective, non-invasive, inexpensive, and well accepted tool in the early diagnosis of CCHD...
September 29, 2017: Anales de Pediatría: Publicación Oficial de la Asociación Española de Pediatría (A.E.P.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937235/heart-rate-variability-in-newborns
#9
K Javorka, Z Lehotska, M Kozar, Z Uhrikova, B Kolarovszki, M Javorka, M Zibolen
Heart rate (HR) and heart rate variability (HRV) in newborns is influenced by genetic determinants, gestational and postnatal age, and other variables. Premature infants have a reduced HRV. In neonatal HRV evaluated by spectral analysis, a dominant activity can be found in low frequency (LF) band (combined parasympathetic and sympathetic component). During the first postnatal days the activity in the high frequency (HF) band (parasympathetic component) rises, together with an increase in LF band and total HRV...
September 22, 2017: Physiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932408/golden-hour-of-neonatal-life-need-of-the-hour
#10
REVIEW
Deepak Sharma
"Golden Hour" of neonatal life is defined as the first hour of post-natal life in both preterm and term neonates. This concept in neonatology has been adopted from adult trauma where the initial first hour of trauma management is considered as golden hour. The "Golden hour" concept includes practicing all the evidence based intervention for term and preterm neonates, in the initial sixty minutes of postnatal life for better long-term outcome. Although the current evidence supports the concept of golden hour in preterm and still there is no evidence seeking the benefit of golden hour approach in term neonates, but neonatologist around the globe feel the importance of golden hour concept equally in both preterm and term neonates...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919619/comparison-of-serum-bilirubin-with-transcutaneous-bilirubinometry-in-late-preterm-and-term-newborn
#11
N Nahar, M A Mannan, A C Dey, F Ahmed, K A Khan, I Jahan, S K Dey, M Shahidullah
Neonatal jaundice or hyperbilirubinemia is a common occurrence in newborns. It can progress to develop kernicterus unless intervention is initiated. Severity and decision for management are usually based on serum bilirubin which needs blood sampling. Transcutaneous bilirubin measurement is a noninvasive technique and correlates closely with serum bilirubin. This Cross sectional study was done in the Department of Neonatology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University from March 2013 to August 2014 to evaluate the transcutaneous bilirubin in comparison to serum bilirubin...
July 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917066/effectiveness-of-the-critical-congenital-heart-disease-screening-program-for-early-diagnosis-of-cardiac-abnormalities-in-newborn-infants
#12
Abdulmajid M Almawazini, Hamdi K Hanafi, Hasan A Madkhali, Noura B Majrashi
To evaluate the effectiveness of critical congenital heart disease (CCHD) screening program for early diagnosis of cardiac anomalies in newborn infants.  Methods: This is a hospital-based prospective cross-sectional study conducted in the Pediatric and Neonatology Department, King Fahad Hospital at  Albaha, Saudi Arabia, between February 2016 and February 2017. Results: We screened 2961 (95.4%) of 3103 patients in a nursery unit; 142 (4.6%) patients were not screened. The test was positive in 114 (3.9%) patients and negative in 2847 (96...
October 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915908/advances-in-paediatrics-in-2016-current-practices-and-challenges-in-allergy-autoimmune-diseases-cardiology-endocrinology-gastroenterology-infectious-diseases-neonatology-nephrology-neurology-nutrition-pulmonology
#13
REVIEW
Carlo Caffarelli, Francesca Santamaria, Dora Di Mauro, Carla Mastrorilli, Silvia Montella, Sergio Bernasconi
This review reports main progresses in various pediatric issues published in Italian Journal of Pediatrics and in international journals in 2016. New insights in clinical features or complications of several disorders may be useful for our better understanding. They comprise severe asthma, changing features of lupus erythematosus from birth to adolescence, celiac disease, functional gastrointestinal disorders, Moebius syndrome, recurrent pneumonia. Risk factors for congenital heart defects, Kawasaki disease have been widely investigated...
September 16, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881515/-characteristics-of-epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-resistance-of-gram-negative-bacterial-bloodstream-infections-in-children
#14
L Dong, X Y Zhang, C C Li, Z Li, Y Q Xia
Objective: To study the epidemiology and antimicrobial resistance of Gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections in children, and to guide the choice of antimicrobials and the control of nosocomial infection. Method: Clinical data, bacteriology and antimicrobial susceptibility test results were collected retrospectively in hospitalized children who were diagnosed with gram-negative bacterial bloodstream infections in Yuying Children's Hospital of Wenzhou Medical University from January, 2010 to December, 2015...
September 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867035/-neonatal-arterial-ischemic-stroke-in-term-or-near-term-newborns-prevalence-and-risk-factors
#15
V Darmency-Stamboul, A G Cordier, S Chabrier
The general designation ischemic perinatal stroke includes several disease states that differ in pathophysiology, timing of occurrence and presentation. While it seems logical to assume that their prevalence and their risk factors depend primarily on the considered type of stroke, most studies used inconsistent definitions or included heterogeneous populations, which limits their accuracy. Given these biases, the French Society of Neonatology and the French Centre for Paediatric Stroke wished to update the knowledge in this domain, focusing on a specific form of perinatal stroke, i...
September 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839307/pulse-oximetry-as-a-screening-tool-for-critical-congenital-heart-defects-in-newborns
#16
Muhammad Shahzad, Talal Waqar, Khawaja Ahmad Irfan Waheed, Rafia Gul, Syeda Tahseen Fatima
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of pulse oximetry as a screening tool for critical congenital heart defects in newborns. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the neonatology department of the Children's Hospital and the Institute of Child Health, Lahore, Pakistan, from January to June 2016, and comprised neonates aged up to 07 days. Babies with a prenatal diagnosis of heart defects and those whose parents refused to give consent were excluded...
August 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828676/therapeutic-applications-of-extracellular-vesicles-perspectives-from-newborn-medicine
#17
Gareth R Willis, Stella Kourembanas, S Alex Mitsialis
With the advancements in antenatal steroid therapies and surfactant replacement, current clinical practices in neonatal intensive care units allow the survival of infants at very low gestational age. Despite these advances, there continues to be significant morbidity associated with extreme preterm birth that includes both short-term and long-term cardiorespiratory impairment. With no effective single therapy in preventing or treating developmental lung injuries, the need for new tools to treat and reduce risk of complications associated with extreme preterm birth is urgent...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28791867/evolution-of-newborns-urinary-metabolomic-profiles-according-to-age-and-growth
#18
Aurélien Scalabre, Elodie Jobard, Delphine Demède, Ségolène Gaillard, Clément Pontoizeau, Pierre Mouriquand, Bénédicte Elena-Herrmann, Pierre-Yves Mure
Improving the management of neonatal diseases and prevention of chronic diseases in adulthood requires a better comprehension of the complex maturational processes associated with newborns' development. Urine-based metabolomic studies play a promising role in the fields of pediatrics and neonatology, relying on simple and noninvasive collection procedures while integrating a variety of factors such as genotype, nutritional state, lifestyle, and diseases. Here, we investigate the influence of age, weight, height, and gender on the urine metabolome during the first 4 months of life...
August 25, 2017: Journal of Proteome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757329/infections-following-surgical-patent-ductus-arteriosus-ligation-in-very-low-birthweight-neonates
#19
K Kopeć-Godlewska, J Wójkowska-Mach
BACKGROUND: Very-low-birthweight (VLBW) neonates (<1500g) comprise approximately 1% of liveborn infants in Poland. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) is a common complication of prematurity. This study aimed to determine how many VLBW neonates treated in the participating units needed surgical correction of PDA, and to evaluate the incidence of various types of postoperative infections and their microbiology. METHODS: Observational study in five neonatology departments by the Polish Neonatology Surveillance Network, involving 2039 VLBW newborns of whom 103 (5...
July 28, 2017: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752833/mapping-the-nursing-competences-in-neonatology-a-qualitative-research
#20
Emanuela Alfieri, Alessia Alebbi, M Giovanna Bedini, Laura Boni, Chiara Foà
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are several studies that support the importance of advanced expertise and specialization of the neonatal pediatric nurse. However, proceeding with a analysis of the scientific literature regarding the nursing advanced competence in neonatology, very few studies specify and define these competences. The aim of the study is investigate and analyze skills, tasks and responsibilities of the neonatal pediatric nurse, to map a "neonatal nurse competence profile", offered from the points of view of the Neonatology Units professionals...
July 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
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