keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Biomaterials

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341933/the-effects-of-platelet-lysate-patches-on-the-activity-of-tendon-derived-cells
#1
Raquel Costa-Almeida, Albina R Franco, Tamagno Pesqueira, Mariana B Oliveira, Pedro S Babo, Isabel B Leonor, João F Mano, Rui L Reis, Manuela E Gomes
Platelet-derived biomaterials are widely explored as cost-effective sources of therapeutic factors, holding a strong potential for endogenous regenerative medicine. Particularly for tendon repair, treatment approaches that shift the injury environment are explored to accelerate tendon regeneration. Herein, genipin-crosslinked platelet lysate (PL) patches are proposed for the delivery of human-derived therapeutic factors in patch augmentation strategies aiming at tendon repair. Developed PL patches exhibited a controlled release profile of PL proteins, including bFGF and PDGF-BB...
January 13, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341932/synthetic-extracellular-matrix-mimic-hydrogel-improves-efficacy-of-mesenchymal-stromal-cell-therapy-for-ischemic-cardiomyopathy
#2
Maria Chiara Ciuffreda, Giuseppe Malpasso, Cindy Chokoza, Deon Bezuidenhout, Kyle P Goetsch, Manuela Mura, Federica Pisano, Neil H Davies, Massimiliano Gnecchi
BACKGROUND: Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC) repair infarcted hearts mainly through paracrine mechanisms. Low cell engraftment limits the release of soluble paracrine factors (SF) over time and, consequently, MSC efficacy. We tested whether a synthetic extracellular matrix mimic, a hydrogel containing heparin (H-HG), could ameliorate MSC engraftment and binding/release of SF, thus improving MSC therapy efficacy. METHODS AND RESULTS: In vitro, rat bone-marrow MSC (rBM-MSC) were seeded and grown into H-HG...
January 13, 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341595/self-healing-hydrogels-of-low-molecular-weight-poly-vinyl-alcohol-assembled-by-host-guest-recognition
#3
Yong-Guang Jia, Jiahong Jin, Sa Liu, Li Ren, Juntao Luo, X X Zhu
Poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA) is a cytocompatible synthetic polymer and has been commonly used to prepare hydrogels. Bile acids and β-cyclodextrin are both natural compounds and they form stable host-guest inclusion complexes. They are attached covalently onto a low molecular weight PVA separately. Self-healing hydrogels can be easily formed by mixing the aqueous solutions of these PVA based polymers. The mechanical properties of the hydrogels can be tuned by varying the molar fractions of bile acid units on PVA...
January 17, 2018: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341288/lipid-and-nucleic-acid-chemistries-combining-the-best-of-both-worlds-to-construct-advanced-biomaterials
#4
REVIEW
Julie Baillet, Valérie Desvergnes, Aladin Hamoud, Laurent Latxague, Philippe Barthélémy
Hybrid synthetic amphiphilic biomolecules are emerging as promising supramolecular materials for biomedical and technological applications. Herein, recent progress in the field of nucleic acid based lipids is highlighted with an emphasis on their molecular design, synthesis, supramolecular properties, physicochemical behaviors, and applications in the field of health science and technology. In the first section, the design and the study of nucleolipids are in focus and then the glyconucleolipid family is discussed...
January 17, 2018: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340876/biomaterials-and-regenerative-medicine-in-urology
#5
N F Davis, E M Cunnane, M R Quinlan, J J Mulvihill, N Lawrentschuk, D M Bolton, M T Walsh
Autologous gastrointestinal tissue is the gold standard biomaterial for urinary tract reconstruction despite its long-term neuromechanical and metabolic complications. Regenerative biomaterials have been proposed as alternatives; however many are limited by a poor host derived regenerative response and deficient supportive elements for effective tissue regeneration in vivo. Urological biomaterials are sub-classified into xenogenic extracellular matrices (ECMs) or synthetic polymers. ECMs are decellularised, biocompatible, biodegradable biomaterials derived from animal organs...
January 17, 2018: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340480/bone-repair-access-of-boneceramic%C3%A2-in-5-mm-defects-study-on-rat-calvaria
#6
André Luis da Silva Fabris, Leonardo Perez Faverani, Pedro Henrique Silva Gomes-Ferreira, Tárik Ocon Braga Polo, Joel Ferreira Santiago-Júnior, Roberta Okamoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the osteoconductive potential of BoneCeramic™ on bone healing in rat calvaria 5-mm defects. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A 5-mm calvaria bone defect was induced in three groups and the defect was not filled with biomaterial [Clot Group (CG)], autogenous bone (AG), or Bone Ceramic Group (BCG). Animals were euthanized after 14 or 28 days and the bone tissue within the central area of the bone defect was evaluated. Results were compared using ANOVA and Tukey test (p<0...
January 15, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339286/chitosan-an-undisputed-bio-fabrication-material-for-tissue-engineering-and-bio-sensing-applications
#7
REVIEW
Anupriya Baranwal, Ashutosh Kumar, A Priyadharshini, Gopi Suresh Oggu, Ira Bhatnagar, Ananya Srivastava, Pranjal Chandra
Biopolymers have been serving the mankind in various ways since long. Over the last few years, these polymers have found great demand in various domains which includes biomedicine, tissue engineering, biosensor fabrications etc. because of their excellent biocompatibility. In this context, chitosan has found global attention due to its environmentally benign nature, biocompatibility, biodegradability, and ease of availability. In last one decade or so, extensive research in active biomaterials, like chitosan has led to the development of novel delivery systems for drugs, genes, and biomolecules; and regenerative medicine...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339189/magnetic-nanoparticles-modified-porous-scaffolds-for-bone-regeneration-and-photothermal-therapy-against-tumors
#8
Jia-Wei Lu, Fan Yang, Qin-Fei Ke, Xue-Tao Xie, Ya-Ping Guo
For effectively treating tumor related-bone defects, design and fabrication of multifunctional biomaterials still remain a great challenge. Herein, we firstly fabricated magnetic SrFe12O19 nanoparticles modified-mesoporous bioglass (BG)/chitosan (CS) porous scaffold (MBCS) with excellent bone regeneration and antitumor function. The as-produced magnetic field from MBCS promoted the expression levels of osteogenic-related genes (OCN, COL1, Runx2 and ALP) and the new bone regeneration by activated BMP-2/Smad/Runx2 pathway...
January 12, 2018: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338385/does-the-mesenchymal-stem-cell-source-influence-smooth-muscle-regeneration-in-tissue-engineered-urinary-bladders
#9
Marta Pokrywczynska, Arkadiusz Jundzill, Karolina Warda, Lukasz Buchholz, Marta Rasmus, Jan Adamowicz, Magdalena Bodnar, Andrzej Marszalek, Anna Helmin-Basa, Jacek Michalkiewicz, Maciej Gagat, Alina Grzanka, Malgorzata Frontczak-Baniewicz, Agata Magdalena Gastecka, Tomasz Kloskowski, Maciej Nowacki, Camillo Ricordi, Tomasz Drewa
A variety of tissue engineering techniques utilizing different cells and biomaterials are currently being explored to construct urinary bladder walls de novo, but so far no approach is clearly superior. The aim of this study was to determine whether mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) isolated from different sources, (bone marrow [BM-MSCs] and adipose tissue [ADSCs]), differ in their potential to regenerate smooth muscles in tissue-engineered urinary bladders and to determine an optimal number of MSCs for urinary bladder smooth muscle regeneration...
November 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338382/mounting-of-biomaterials-for-use-in-ophthalmic-cell-therapies
#10
Damien G Harkin, Siobhan E Dunphy, Audra M A Shadforth, Rebecca A Dawson, Jennifer Walshe, Nadia Zakaria
When used as scaffolds for cell therapies, biomaterials often present basic handling and logistical problems for scientists and surgeons alike. The quest for an appropriate mounting device for biomaterials is therefore a significant and common problem. In this review, we provide a detailed overview of the factors to consider when choosing an appropriate mounting device including those experienced during cell culture, quality assurance, and surgery. By way of example, we draw upon our combined experience in developing epithelial cell therapies for the treatment of eye diseases...
November 2017: Cell Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338201/self-assembly-of-spider-silk-fusion-proteins-comprising-enzymatic-and-fluorescence-activity
#11
Martin Humenik, Madeleine Mohrand, Thomas Scheibel
The recombinant spider silk protein eADF4(C16) was genetically fused either with esterase 2 (EST2) or green fluorescent protein (GFP). The fusions EST-eADF4(C16) and GFP-eADF4(C16) were spectroscopically investigated and showed native structures of EST and GFP. The structural integrity was confirmed by the enzymatic activity of EST and the fluorescence of GFP. The spider silk moiety retained its intrinsically unstructured conformation in solution and the self-assembly into either nanofibrils or nanoparticles could be controlled by the concentration of phosphate...
January 16, 2018: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337096/fabrication-and-characterization-of-nanoengineered-biocompatible-n-ha-chitosan-tamarind-seed-polysaccharide-bio-inspired-nanocomposites-for-bone-tissue-engineering
#12
Mohammad Shakir, Iram Zia, Abdur Rehman, Rizwan Ullah
In this communication we describe the fabrication of nano-hydroxyapatite/chitosan-tamarind seed polysaccharide (n-HA/CS-TSP) nanocomposite with a weight ratio of 70/20/10, 70/15/15 and 70/10/20, respectively through a co-precipitation method. A comparative assessment of the properties of n-HA/CS-TSP and n-HA/CS nanocomposites was done by FT-IR, SEM-EDX, TEM, TGA/DTA, XRD and mechanical testing. The results suggested strong chemical interactions between the three components, decreased particle size and homogeneous dispersion of n-HA particles in n-HA/CS-TSP as compared to n-HA/CS...
January 11, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336836/current-status-of-tissue-engineering-applied-to-bladder-reconstruction-in-humans
#13
C Gasanz, C Raventós, J Morote
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: Bladder reconstruction is performed to replace or expand the bladder. The intestine is used in standard clinical practice for tissue in this procedure. The complications of bladder reconstruction range from those of intestinal resection to those resulting from the continuous contact of urine with tissue not prepared for this contact. In this article, we describe and classify the various biomaterials and cell cultures used in bladder tissue engineering and reviews the studies performed with humans...
January 11, 2018: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336231/a-new-and-universal-classification-system-of-skin-substitutes-inspired-by-factorial-design
#14
Evan Davison-Kotler, Vaibhav Sharma, Norbert Kang, Elena García-Gareta
The complexity of the dermal layer of skin means that damage to this section can result in permanent impairment of function. Partial or total dermal loss is a feature of deep burns and chronic wounds such as pressure sores or diabetic ulcers. The issues posed by traditional skin grafts have led to substantial research being carried out in the fields of tissue engineering and biomaterials science to develop a vast array of alternative skin substitutes. Given the large number of different materials, manufacturing methods, and techniques for implementation described for artificial skin substitutes, many classification systems have been created to simplify their categorization...
January 16, 2018: Tissue Engineering. Part B, Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336146/coordination-triggered-hierarchical-folate-zinc-supramolecular-hydrogels-leading-to-printable-biomaterials
#15
Kaerdun Liu, Shihao Zang, Rongrong Xue, Jinghui Yang, Lizhi Wang, Jianbin Huang, Yun Yan
Printable hydrogels desired in bioengineering have extremely high demands on biocompatibility and mechanic strength, which can hardly be achieved in conventional hydrogels made with biopolymers. Here we show that on employment of the strategy of coordination triggered hierarchical self-assembly of naturally occurred small molecule folic acid, supramolecular hydrogels with robust mechanical elastic modulus comparable to synthetic double network (DN) polymer gels can be made at concentrations below 1 %. A sequence of hierarchical steps are involved in the formation of this extraordinary hydrogel: petrin rings on folate form tetramers through hydrogen bonding, tetramers stack into nanofibers by π-π stacking, zinc ions cross-link the nanofibers into larger scale fibrils, and further crosslink the fibril network to gel water...
January 16, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335585/robust-fabrication-of-thin-film-polyamide-tio2-nanocomposite-membranes-with-enhanced-thermal-stability-and-anti-biofouling-propensity
#16
Behnam Khorshidi, Ishita Biswas, Tanushree Ghosh, Thomas Thundat, Mohtada Sadrzadeh
The development of nano-enabled composite materials has led to a paradigm shift in the manufacture of high-performance nanocomposite membranes with enhanced permeation, thermo-mechanical, and antibacterial properties. The major challenges to the successful incorporation of nanoparticles (NPs) to polymer films are the severe aggregation of the NPs and the weak compatibility of NPs with polymers. These two phenomena lead to the formation of non-selective voids at the interface of the polymer and NPs, which adversely affect the separation performance of the membrane...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335193/damage-mechanisms-in-bioactive-glass-matrix-composites-under-uniaxial-compression
#17
Qifeng Jiang, Jewan Ismail, Fahmi Zaïri, Zhengwei Qu, Xiaobing Liu, Fahed Zaïri
The damage and crack resistance improvement of bioactive glass is of prime importance, particularly when applied to the repair of load-bearing bones. The present contribution is focused on the prediction of damage mechanisms and crack resistance under uniaxial compression of bioactive glass matrix composites reinforced with a particulate phase. In order to characterize the effects of voids and particles on the damage mechanisms and the macro-response, a two-step homogenization is performed by considering the two phases existing at two different scales: micro/meso through the homogenization of the porous matrix and then meso/macro through the periodic micro-field approach...
December 24, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335192/isolated-and-modulated-effects-of-topology-and-material-type-on-the-mechanical-properties-of-additively-manufactured-porous-biomaterials
#18
R Hedayati, S M Ahmadi, K Lietaert, B Pouran, Y Li, H Weinans, C D Rans, A A Zadpoor
In this study, we tried to quantify the isolated and modulated effects of topological design and material type on the mechanical properties of AM porous biomaterials. Towards this aim, we assembled a large dataset comprising the mechanical properties of AM porous biomaterials with different topological designs (i.e. different unit cell types and relative densities) and material types. Porous structures were additively manufactured from Co-Cr using a selective laser melting (SLM) machine and tested under quasi-static compression...
January 4, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334850/an-immunopathological-evaluation-of-the-porcine-cholecyst-matrix-as-a-muscle-repair-graft-in-a-male-rat-abdominal-wall-defect-model
#19
Dhanush Krishna Balakrishnan-Nair, Narayanan Divakaran Nair, Syam Kunnekkattu Venugopal, Vijayan Narayana Das, Sisilamma George, Mammen John Abraham, Saji Eassow, Malcolm Ronald Alison, Anoop Sainulabdeen, Thapasimuthu Vijayamma Anilkumar
With the increasing use of animal-based biomaterials for regenerative medical applications, the need for their safety assessment is paramount. A porcine cholecyst-derived scaffold (CDS), intended as a muscle repair graft, prepared by a nondetergent/enzymatic method was engrafted in a rat abdominal wall defect model. Host tissue-scaffold interface samples were collected 2, 8, and 16 weeks postimplantation and evaluated by histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and electron microscopy. The nature of the tissue reaction was compared with those induced by a jejunum-derived scaffold (JDS) prepared by the same method and a commercial-grade small intestinal submucosa (CSIS) scaffold...
January 1, 2018: Toxicologic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334185/physical-properties-of-implanted-porous-bioscaffolds-regulate-skin-repair-focusing-on-mechanical-and-structural-features
#20
REVIEW
Shumeng Jiang, Sabrina Cloud Li, Chenyu Huang, Barbara Pui Chan, Yanan Du
Porous bioscaffolds are applied to facilitate skin repair since the early 1990s, but a perfect regeneration outcome has yet to be achieved. Until now, most efforts have focused on modulating the chemical properties of bioscaffolds, while physical properties are traditionally overlooked. Recent advances in mechanobiology and mechanotherapy have highlighted the importance of biomaterials' physical properties in the regulation of cellular behaviors and regenerative processes. In skin repair, the mechanical and structural features of porous bioscaffolds are two major physical properties that determine therapeutic efficacy...
January 15, 2018: Advanced Healthcare Materials
keyword
keyword
8321
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"