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sport infection

Ennio Polilli, Federica Sozio, Paola Di Stefano, Antonina Sciacca, Tamara Ursini, Maurizio Paoloni, Jacopo Vecchiet, Dante Di Giammartino, Maria Pina Sciotti, Alessandro Grimaldi, Valerio Cortesi, Paolo Fazii, Elena Ricci, Claudio D'Amario, Giuseppe Ippolito, Lucio Pippa, Giustino Parruti
Undiagnosed cases of HIV infection in developed countries are estimated at 20-30% of individuals living with HIV. Web-based strategies may represent a new approach to easier, wider, and unrestricted access to early testing. The Abruzzo Region, Italy, developed a Web-based tool to recruit persons at high risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). At the Website , browsers found information on STIs (HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis), a structured questionnaire called "risk calculator" to assess one's own risk behaviors and direct booking of their test at one of six sites throughout the region...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
Dagang Zhang, Long Chen, Guanglin Wang
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of hip arthroscopy versus open surgical dislocation for treating femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) through published clinical trials. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive literature search using PUBMED, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for relevant studies on hip arthroscopy and open surgical dislocation as treatment options for FAI. RESULTS: Compared with open surgical dislocation, hip arthroscopy resulted in significantly higher Nonarthritic Hip Scores (NAHS) at 3- and 12-month follow-ups, a significant improvement in NAHS from preoperation to 3 months postoperation, and a significantly lower reoperation rate...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Caroline Witney-Lagen, Abdul Hassan, Anouska Doodson, Balachandran Venkateswaran
BACKGROUND: Treatment of patients who have not improved after physiotherapy for multidirectional instability (MDI) remains challenging, with no agreed best practice. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether arthroscopic plication is safe and effective for these patients. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients who had not improved after at least 6 months of specialized shoulder physiotherapy for symptomatic MDI and no labral lesion at arthroscopy underwent arthroscopic plication between 2006 and 2013...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Khalil Ghoussoub, Bernard Ghanem, Dania Nehme Chelala, Serge Finianos, Hiba Azar, Zakhia Naoum, Kassem Bdeiri
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to identify factors that may influence the functional limitations of hemodialysis patients and analyze their level of physical activity. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study, for adult patients on chronic hemodialysis in the Hôtel-Dieu de France Hospital. A 32-item questionnaire explores the personal data, etiology of renal failure, associated defects, technical data of hemodialysis and seniority, the current seat and pain...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Federico Canavese, Marco Corradin, Ahmad Khan, Mounira Mansour, Marie Rousset, Antoine Samba
PURPOSE: Chronic osteomyelitis and infected nonunion are relatively rare conditions in pediatric patients and are more frequently seen in developing countries. Although relatively rare, they are medically and surgically challenging. Here we report a novel surgical technique used to manage five patients with chronic osteomyelitis of long bones. METHODS: Five skeletally immature patients with chronic osteomyelitis and infected nonunion of the long bones were treated surgically between 2010 and 2014 by a combination of resection of necrotic infected bone, debridement of surrounding soft tissue, and application of antibiotic-laden cement spacer inducing periosteal membrane before final bone reconstruction...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Jennifer L Woods, Devon J Hensel, J Dennis Fortenberry
Ideal partner traits and how they relate to a young woman's current partner and relationship is a knowledge gap in the literature. The objectives of this study were 1) to assess any differences in interpersonal characteristics between a young woman or her partner and relationship and 2) to examine the impact of this difference on sexual monogamy, condom use and frequency of vaginal sex. Study participants (n=387, 14-17 years at enrollment, 90% African American) were recruited from three primary care adolescent health clinics serving areas with high rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI); data were drawn from a longitudinal cohort study of sexual relationships and behaviors among young women...
August 17, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Sufian S Ahmad, Roland Becker, Antonia F Chen, Sandro Kohl
PURPOSE: Due to the juvenility of research in the field of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), approaches employed for diagnosis of PJI vary amongst surgeons in different geographic regions. The aim of this study was to determine common diagnostic approaches utilized by European knee arthroplasty surgeons for the diagnosis of PJI. METHODS: A task force was established for questionnaire development, consisting of surgeons and clinical researchers who each had a record of publishing in the field of PJI...
October 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Santosh Venkatachalam, Phil Storey, Scott J Macinnes, Amjid Ali, David Potter
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the results of the Sheffield bone block procedure for anteroinferior bone loss in traumatic shoulder instability. In this modified open technique, the medial half of coracoid process without its soft tissue attachments is used to provide congruent augmentation of the anteroinferior glenoid and secured with two screws. METHODS: In this retrospective consecutive case series (2007-11), all patients having recurrent traumatic instability with glenoid bone loss > 20% and/or a large Hill-Sachs lesion were included...
April 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
Emmanuel Fenouillet, Aude Vigouroux, Jean Guillaume Steinberg, Alexandre Chagvardieff, Frédérique Retornaz, Regis Guieu, Yves Jammes
BACKGROUND: Myalgic encephalomyelitis chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a common debilitating disorder associated with an intense fatigue, a reduced physical activity, and an impaired quality of life. There are no established biological markerof the syndrome. The etiology is unknown and its pathogenesis appears to be multifactorial. Various stressors, including intense physical activity, severe infection, and emotional stress are reported in the medical history of ME/CFS patients which raises the question whether any physiological and biological abnormalities usually found in these patients could be indicative of the etiology and/or the quality-of-life impairment...
2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
Natalia Jiménez-Truque, Elizabeth J Saye, Nicole Soper, Benjamin R Saville, Isaac Thomsen, Kathryn M Edwards, C Buddy Creech
OBJECTIVE: Athletes have a higher risk of infection with Staphylococcus aureus than the general population. Most studies in athletes have included primarily male contact sports participants and have not assessed S. aureus carriage over time. We aimed to examine the epidemiology and risk factors of S. aureus carriage in a cohort of male and female collegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 377 varsity collegiate athletes from August 2008 to April 2010...
August 31, 2016: Sports Medicine
M Ndiaye, M Taleb, B A Diatta, A Diop, M Diallo, S Diadie, N B Seck, S Diallo, M T Ndiaye, S O Niang, F Ly, A Kane, M T Dieng
INTRODUCTION: The etiologies of intertrigo in adults are numerous and different. The objective of our work was to study the epidemiological, clinical and the risk factors of intertrigo in adults. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study for a period of seven months in two Dermatology Units in Dakar (Senegal). All adults patient with intertrigo seen during this period who gave consent were included. RESULTS: One hundred and three patients with intertrigo were diagnosed with a hospital prevalence of 2...
August 20, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
Ryan M Degen, Kara G Fields, C Sally Wentzel, Bethanne Bartscherer, Anil Ranawat, Struan H Coleman, Bryan T Kelly
INTRODUCTION: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been increasingly recognized in cutting sports including soccer, hockey and football. More recently, the prevalence among overhead athletes has also been recognized. The purpose of this study was to review impingement patterns, return-to-play rates and clinical outcome following arthroscopic treatment of FAI among high-level baseball players. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2014, 70 competitive baseball players (86 hips; age 22...
August 19, 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
Shao-hua Jia, Cheng-long Huang, Hong-wei Xu, Sui-liang Gong
OBJECTIVE: To explore clinical results of open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) for posterior Pilon fracture through posterolateral approach. METHODS: Seventeen patients with posterior Pilon fracture were treated through posterolateral approach from February 2010 to April 2013. Among them,including 11 males and 6 females aged from 29 to 59 with an average of 43.4 years old. All fractures were associated with more than 20% of articular surface of distal tibial...
June 2016: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Edlainne P Ferreira, Odilon Vidotto, Jonatas C Almeida, Luana P S Ribeiro, Marcos V Borges, Walter H C Pequeno, Danilo T Stipp, Celso J B de Oliveira, Alexander W Biondo, Thállitha S W J Vieira, Rafael F C Vieira
Theileriosis is a worldwide protozoal tick-borne disease caused by Theileria equi, which may produce a variety of clinical signs and turn infected horses into lifetime carriers. This study has aimed to perform a serological and molecular detection of T. equi and associated factors in sports horses from six areas of northeastern Brazil. In overall, 59.6% horses were positive by indirect immunofluorescence assay and 50.4% by polymerase chain reaction. No significant association was found when presence of ticks, age, gender, anemia or total plasma proteins was analyzed with seropositivity and molecular techniques...
August 2016: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
Jana Zímová, Pavlína Zímová
Trichotillomania (TTM) is defined by the Diagnostics and Statistic Manual of Mental Disorders, 4th edition (DMS-IV) as hair loss from a patient`s repetitive self-pulling of hair. The disorder is included under anxiety disorders because it shares some obsessive-compulsive features. Patients have the tendency towards feelings of unattractiveness, body dissatisfaction, and low self-esteem (1,2). It is a major psychiatric problem, but many patients with this disorder first present to a dermatologist. An 11-year-old girl came to our department with a 2-month history of diffuse hair loss on the frontoparietal and parietotemporal area (Figure 1)...
June 2016: Acta Dermatovenerologica Croatica: ADC
Mamatkerimulla, Xu Gang, Xin Wang, Yang Zhang, Yong Jia, Tao Huang, Shuxing Xing
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effectiveness of one-stage arthroscopic reconstruction and strict immobilization for 6 weeks for treatment of knee dislocation. METHODS: Between August 2010 and May 2013, 22 cases (22 knees) of knee dislocation were treated with one-stage reconstruction and strict immobilization for 6 weeks. There were 15 males and 7 females, aged 21-54 years (mean, 31.5 years). The left knee and right knee were involved in 8 cases and 14 cases respectively...
April 2016: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Zachary A Kaufman, Jeff DeCelles, Kenneth Bhauti, Rebecca B Hershow, Helen A Weiss, Cynthia Chaibva, Netsai Moyo, Fennie Mantula, Karin Hatzold, David A Ross
BACKGROUND: Mathematical models suggest that 570,000 HIV infections could be averted between 2011 and 2025 in Zimbabwe if the country reaches 80% voluntary medical male circumcision (VMMC) coverage among 15- to 49-year-old male subjects. Yet national coverage remains well below this target, and there is a need to evaluate interventions to increase the uptake. METHODS: A cluster-randomized trial was conducted to assess the effectiveness of Make-The-Cut-Plus (MTC+), a single, 60-minute, sport-based intervention to increase VMMC uptake targeting secondary school boys (14-20 years)...
August 15, 2016: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
L D Cluver, E Toska, F M Orkin, F Meinck, R Hodes, A R Yakubovich, L Sherr
Low ART-adherence amongst adolescents is associated with morbidity, mortality and onward HIV transmission. Reviews find no effective adolescent adherence-promoting interventions. Social protection has demonstrated benefits for adolescents, and could potentially improve ART-adherence. This study examines associations of 10 social protection provisions with adherence in a large community-based sample of HIV-positive adolescents. All 10-19-year-olds ever ART-initiated in 53 government healthcare facilities in a health district of South Africa's Eastern Cape were traced and interviewed in 2014-2015 (n = 1175 eligible)...
March 2016: AIDS Care
P Mayser, W Handrick, P Nenoff
Because of high exposure (e. g. swimmers and athletes competing on mats) and disposition (e. g. microtraumata of the skin in runners) athletes are prone to a higher risk for mycotic infections by dermatophytes. In disciplines with close contact during competition-especially wrestlers and judoists-infections by the anthropophilic Trichophyton (T.) tonsurans are most important (tinea gladiatorum). These infections are highly contagious and often cause small epidemics especially if the primary source of infection is not promptly recognized...
September 2016: Der Hautarzt; Zeitschrift Für Dermatologie, Venerologie, und Verwandte Gebiete
Ming-Dong Wang, Julian Little, James Gomes, Neil R Cashman, Daniel Krewski
Although amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) was identified as a neurological condition 150 years ago, risk factors related to the onset and progression of ALS remain largely unknown. Monogenic mutations in over 30 genes are associated with about 10% of ALS cases. The age at onset of ALS and disease types have been found to influence ALS progression. The present study was designed to identify additional putative risk factors associated with the onset and progression of ALS using systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies...
July 1, 2016: Neurotoxicology
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