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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764376/methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-in-emergency-department-patients-in-the-united-arab-emirates
#1
Muna Al Jalaf, Hanan Fadali, Rasha Alanee, Firas Najjar, Zulfa Al Deesi, Rania M Seliem, Eric J Nilles
BACKGROUND: Since the 1990s, community-associated methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) has emerged as an important global cause of skin and soft tissue infections. Little is known about the epidemiology of this pathogen in the Middle East. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study in a single large teaching hospital in Dubai to identify the incidence of community-acquired methicillin resistant staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) among ambulatory patients presenting with purulent skin and soft tissue infections...
May 15, 2018: BMC Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752515/epidemiology-and-pathophysiology-of-neurogenic-bladder-after-spinal-cord-injury
#2
Rizwan Hamid, Marcio Augusto Averbeck, Humberto Chiang, Arturo Garcia, Riyad T Al Mousa, Seung-June Oh, Anita Patel, Mauricio Plata, Giulio Del Popolo
Spinal cord injury (SCI) usually affects younger age groups with male preponderance. The most common traumatic cause is road traffic accident followed by sports accidents and gun-shot injuries. Infections and vascular events make up non-traumatic causes. There is regional variance in incidence and prevalence of SCI. Most systematic reviews have been undertaken from USA, Canada, and Australia with only few from Asia with resultant difficulty in estimation of worldwide figures. Overall, the incidence varies from 12 to more than 65 cases/million per year...
May 11, 2018: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752131/effectiveness-of-the-dtpa-hbv-ipv-hib-vaccine-against-invasive-haemophilus-influenzae-type-b-disease-in-the-netherlands-2003-16-a-case-control-study
#3
Susana Monge, Susan Jm Hahné, Hester E de Melker, Elisabeth Am Sanders, Arie van der Ende, Mirjam J Knol
BACKGROUND: In 2016, an increase in invasive Haemophilus influenzae serotype b (Hib) disease was reported in the Netherlands in children younger than 5 years, which coincided with the introduction of the hexavalent diphtheria, tetanus, and acellular pertussis-hepatitis B virus-inactivated polio virus/Hib vaccine (DTPa-HBV-IPV/Hib) from 2011 onwards. We aimed to estimate the effectiveness of the hexavalent vaccine to assess whether this increase could be explained by decreasing effectiveness...
May 8, 2018: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734326/-vaccines-and-sport-risk-perception-among-athletes
#4
Elisa Terracciano, Matteo Iachini, Laura Zaratti, Elisabetta Franco
Infection prevention is a key issue in both general population and in categories at risk, among which the athletes. There are risk factors related to the sporting practice performed at every level, from the amateur to the elite athletes. The control of the vaccination schedule and the empowerment of the sportsman in this area should be carried out both by the General Practitioner or the Pediatrician and by the federations to which the athletes belong. There is a need for guidelines and it is necessary to inform the athletes...
January 2018: Igiene e Sanità Pubblica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733029/ichthyophonus-in-sport-caught-groundfishes-from-southcentral-alaska
#5
Bradley P Harris, Sarah R Webster, Nathan Wolf, Jacob L Gregg, Paul K Hershberger
This report of Ichthyophonus in common sport-caught fishes throughout the marine waters of southcentral Alaska represents the first documentation of natural Ichthyophonus infections in lingcod Ophiodon elongates and yelloweye rockfish Sebastes ruberrimus. In addition, the known geographic range of Ichthyophonus in black rockfish S. melanops has been expanded northward to include southcentral Alaska. Among all species surveyed, the infection prevalence was highest (35%, n = 334) in Pacific halibut Hippoglossus stenolepis...
May 7, 2018: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29683924/ca-mrsa-infection-rates-and-management-among-student-athletes
#6
Tim Braun, Leamor Kahanov
PURPOSE: Although community-associated methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (CA-MRSA) infections have reduced among inpatient populations, the incidence in athletics continues to range greatly dependent on the sport. Over the 2015-2016 and 2016-2017 school years, we assessed the annual CA-MRSA incidence, sport risk, referral practices, and management protocols or interventions among high school and intercollegiate athletics. METHODS: This study targeted high school and intercollegiate athletic programs across the United States...
April 21, 2018: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672692/physical-activity-and-cause-specific-mortality-the-rotterdam-study
#7
Chantal M Koolhaas, Klodian Dhana, Josje D Schoufour, Lies Lahousse, Frank J A van Rooij, M Arfan Ikram, Guy Brusselle, Henning Tiemeier, Oscar H Franco
Background: Physical activity (PA) is associated with lower risk for all-cause mortality. However, in elderly people, it remains unknown which types of PA are associated with mortality and whether the association between PA and mortality differs by cause of death. Methods: We assessed the association of total PA, walking, cycling, domestic work, sports and gardening with all-cause mortality, and the association of total PA with cause-specific mortality, using Cox proportional hazard models among 7225 older adults (mean age: 70 years) from the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650055/a-combined-effort-to-avoid-strongyle-infection-in-horses-in-an-oceanic-climate-region-rotational-grazing-and-parasiticidal-fungi
#8
José Ángel Hernández, Rita Sánchez-Andrade, Cristiana Filipa Cazapal-Monteiro, Fabián Leonardo Arroyo, Jaime Manuel Sanchís, Adolfo Paz-Silva, María Sol Arias
BACKGROUND: An approach to preventing strongyle infection in horses was tested, comprising rotational pasturing and the administration of spores of two parasiticidal fungi, Mucor circinelloides and Duddingtonia flagrans. METHODS: Twenty-two adult Spanish Sport Horses were dewormed with ivermectin (1 mg pour-on/kg body weight) and then randomly divided into three groups. G-1 was maintained with continuous grazing, and G-2 and G-3 were kept on a four-paddock rotation system...
April 12, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628891/training-load-immune-status-and-clinical-outcomes-in-young-athletes-a-controlled-prospective-longitudinal-study
#9
Katharina Blume, Nina Körber, Dieter Hoffmann, Bernd Wolfarth
Introduction: Beside positive effects on athlete's health, competitive sport can be linked with an increased risk of illness and injury. Because of high relative increases in training, additional physical and psychological strains, and an earlier specialization and professionalization, adolescent athletes needs an increased attention. Training can alter the immune system by inducing a temporary immunosuppression, finally developing infection symptoms. Previous studies identified Epstein Barr Virus (EBV) as potential indicator for the immune status...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625787/tropical-diseases-in-the-icu-a-syndromic-approach-to-diagnosis-and-treatment
#10
Dilip R Karnad, Guy A Richards, Gisele Sampaio Silva, Pravin Amin
Tropical infections form 20-30% of ICU admissions in tropical countries. Diarrheal diseases, malaria, dengue, typhoid, rickettsial diseases and leptospirosis are common causes of critical illness. Overlapping clinical features makes initial diagnosis challenging. A systematic approach involving (1) history of specific continent or country of travel, (2) exposure to specific environments (forests or farms, water sports, consumption of exotic foods), (3) incubation period, and (4) pattern of organ involvement and subtle differences in manifestations help in differential diagnosis and choice of initial empiric therapy...
March 27, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561446/results-of-arthroscopic-fixation-of-mason-type-ii-radial-head-fractures-using-kirschner-wires
#11
Junliang Wang, Wei Qi, Xuezhen Shen, Sheng Tao, Yujie Liu
The goals of this study are to report an arthroscopic technique for the treatment of Mason type II radial head fractures using Kirschner wires (K-wires), and investigate the feasibility and evaluate the results.We retrospectively review 18 cases of closed Mason type II radial head fractures treated in our institution from August 2010 to May 2015. There were 13 males and 5 females with an average age of 30.6 (17-45 years) years. Injuries were caused by falling in 8 cases, by traffic accidents in 5 cases, and by sports in 5 cases...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554970/ticks-are-more-suitable-than-red-foxes-for-monitoring-zoonotic-tick-borne-pathogens-in-northeastern-italy
#12
Graziana Da Rold, Silvia Ravagnan, Fabio Soppelsa, Elena Porcellato, Mauro Soppelsa, Federica Obber, Carlo Vittorio Citterio, Sara Carlin, Patrizia Danesi, Fabrizio Montarsi, Gioia Capelli
BACKGROUND: Northeastern Italy is a hotspot for several tick-borne pathogens, transmitted to animals and humans mainly by Ixodes ricinus. Here we compare the results of molecular monitoring of ticks and zoonotic TBPs over a six-year period, with the monitoring of red foxes (Vulpes vulpes) in an endemic area. RESULTS: In the period 2011-2016, 2,578 ticks were collected in 38 sites of 20 municipalities of Belluno Province. Individual adults (264), pooled larvae (n = 330) and nymphs (n = 1984) were screened for tick-borne encephalitis virus, Borrelia burgdorferi (s...
March 20, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552483/a-percutaneous-knotless-technique-for-acute-achilles-tendon-ruptures
#13
Daniel J Liechti, Gilbert Moatshe, Jonathon D Backus, Daniel Cole Marchetti, Thomas O Clanton
Achilles tendon ruptures are a common tendon injury, usually occurring in middle-aged men during recreational sporting activities. Both nonoperative and operative management are employed to treat these injuries. Several operative treatments are described in the literature, including percutaneous Achilles repair, mini-open repair, and open repair. Open Achilles repair is associated with higher rates of impaired wound healing and infection, whereas minimally invasive techniques have been reported to have an increased risk of iatrogenic sural nerve injury...
February 2018: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29548713/cycling-and-female-sexual-and-urinary-function-results-from-a-large-multinational-cross-sectional-study
#14
Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Gregory P Murphy, Ian Metzler, Thomas Sanford, Michael L Eisenberg, Siobhan Sutcliffe, E Charles Osterberg, Benjamin N Breyer
BACKGROUND: Bicycle riding has become an increasingly popular mode of transportation and exercise, especially among women, and previous studies have demonstrated a relationship between cycling and sexual dysfunction, albeit using non-validated questionnaires. AIM: We aimed to explore the relationship between cycling and sexual and urinary dysfunction. METHODS: Cyclists were recruited to complete a survey through Facebook advertisements and outreach to sporting clubs across 5 English-speaking countries...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526262/a-comparison-of-penetration-and-damage-caused-by-different-types-of-arrowheads-on-loose-and-tight-fit-clothing
#15
Nichole MacPhee, Anne Savage, Nikolas Noton, Eilidh Beattie, Louise Milne, Joanna Fraser
Bows and arrows are used more for recreation, sport and hunting in the Western world and tend not to be as popular a weapon as firearms or knives. Yet there are still injuries and fatalities caused by these low-velocity weapons due to their availability to the public and that a licence is not required to own them. This study aimed to highlight the penetration capabilities of aluminium arrows into soft tissue and bones in the presence of clothing. Further from that, how the type and fit of clothing as well as arrowhead type contribute to penetration capacity...
March 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29511817/meniscus-repairs-can-be-saved-in-the-event-of-postoperative-septic-arthritis
#16
Philipp Schuster, Markus Geßlein, Michael Schlumberger, Philipp Mayer, Hermann Josef Bail, Jörg Richter
PURPOSE: No systematic studies on optimal treatment of postoperative septic arthritis following arthroscopic meniscus repair are available. The purpose of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the fate of repaired menisci in cases of postoperative septic arthritis, with treatment for infection focused on arthroscopic irrigation and debridement (I&D) and intention to maintain the meniscus. METHODS: Data of two sports orthopedics centers of the last 10 years were pooled (approximately 25,000 arthroscopic procedures of the knee)...
March 6, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29471354/a-coliform-targeted-metagenomic-method-facilitating-human-exposure-estimates-to-escherichia-coli-borne-antibiotic-resistance-genes
#17
A F C Leonard, X L Yin, T Zhang, M Hui, W H Gaze
Antimicrobial resistance and the spread of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) pose a threat to human health. Community-acquired infections resistant to treatment with first-line antibiotics are increasing, and there are few studies investigating environmental exposures and transmission. Our objective is to develop a novel targeted metagenomic method to quantify the abundance and diversity of ARGs in a faecal indicator bacterium, and to estimate human exposure to resistant bacteria in a natural environment. Sequence data from Escherichia coli metagenomes from 13 bathing waters in England were analysed using the ARGs Online Analysis Pipeline to estimate the abundance and diversity of resistance determinants borne by this indicator bacterium...
March 1, 2018: FEMS Microbiology Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29464810/prevalence-and-risk-of-sport-types-to-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-sportswomen-a-cross-sectional-study
#18
Magdaléna Hagovska, Ján Švihra, Alena Buková, Dana Dračková, Viera Švihrová
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to investigate the prevalence and risk of developing stress urinary incontinence (SUI) in each type of high-intensity sport, and the associated impact on quality of life in sportswomen. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted between March and November 2016. The study included 278 sportswomen. The basic inclusion criteria were being nulliparous and engaging in high-intensity physical activity. The exclusion criteria were childbirth, surgical treatment of gynecological and urological illnesses and urinary tract infection...
February 21, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458350/obesity-and-risk-of-respiratory-tract-infections-results-of-an-infection-diary-based-cohort-study
#19
Livia Maccioni, Susanne Weber, Magdeldin Elgizouli, Anne-Sophie Stoehlker, Ilona Geist, Hans-Hartmut Peter, Werner Vach, Alexandra Nieters
BACKGROUND: Respiratory tract infections (RTIs) are a major morbidity factor contributing largely to health care costs and individual quality of life. The aim of the study was to test whether obesity (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 ) is one of the risk factors underlying frequent RTIs in the German adult population. METHODS: We recruited 1455 individuals between 18 to 70 years from a cross-sectional survey on airway infections in Germany and invited them to self-report in diaries incident RTIs experienced during three consecutive winter/spring seasons...
February 20, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457417/-clinical-observation-of-the-second-operation-for-refracture-after-internal-fixation-of-clavicle
#20
Hong-Wei Xu, Xiao-Jun He, Zhong-Wei Zhang, Gang Chen
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcome of Titanium Elastic intramedullary nailing(TEN) for the treatment of refracture of clavicle. METHODS: From March 2010 to March 2016, 9 cases of clavicle fracture, postoperative re-fracture (plate broken before fracture healing, plate and screw pull out or refracture after fracture union and internal fixation removal) included 6 males and 3 females with a mean age of 38.6 years old ranging from 20 to 62 years old; 3 cases were sports injury, 5 cases were traffic injury, 1 case was severe injury...
October 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
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