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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888844/mr-imaging-of-the-plantar-plate-normal-anatomy-turf-toe-and-other-injuries
#1
REVIEW
Caio Nery, Daniel Baumfeld, Hilary Umans, André F Yamada
The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint complex is a weight-bearing structure important to the biomechanics of the standing position, walking, shoe wearing, and sport participation. Acute dorsiflexion injury of the first MTP joint, "turf toe," is common among American football and soccer players. The first and lesser MTP joint complexes can be affected by degenerative or inflammatory arthritis, infarct, and infection. These conditions can lead to plantar plate disruption. Imaging studies help physicians to properly diagnose and treat this condition...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885394/sports-specific-differences-in-postsurgical-infections-after-arthroscopically-assisted-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#2
Werner Krutsch, Johannes Zellner, Florian Zeman, Michael Nerlich, Matthias Koch, Christian Pfeifer, Peter Angele
PURPOSE: Post-operative infection after arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a rare but severe complication, particularly for young and active patients. It is unclear whether the prevalence of knee infection is correlated with the type of sports or the level of performance. METHODS: From 2008 to 2012, the internal single-centre ACL registry of the FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence Regensburg was retrospectively screened for sex, age, time between isolated primary ACL rupture and surgery, surgical technique, rate of infection after ACL reconstruction and the type of sports practised...
November 24, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884864/sports-injuries-and-illnesses-in-the-lillehammer-2016-youth-olympic-winter-games
#3
Kathrin Steffen, Christine Holm Moseid, Lars Engebretsen, Pia K Søberg, Olav Amundsen, Kristian Holm, Thomas Moger, Torbjørn Soligard
BACKGROUND: Injury and illness surveillance during high-level youth sports events is an important first step in health prevention and caretaking of the young elite athletes. AIM: To analyse injuries and illnesses that occurred during the 10 days 2nd Youth Olympic Winter Games (YOG), held in Lillehammer 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of injuries and illnesses through the reporting of (1) all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) the polyclinic and medical venues by the Lillehammer Organising Committee (LYOCOG) medical staff...
November 24, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865877/cough-in-the-athlete-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#4
Louis-Philippe Boulet, Julie Turmel, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom experienced by athletes, particularly after exercise. We performed a systematic review to assess in this population: 1) the main etiologies of acute and recurrent cough, either exercise-induced or not; 2) how it is assessed; and 3) how cough is treated in this population. From the systematic review, suggestions for management were developed. METHOD: ology: This review was done according to the CHEST methodological guidelines and GRADE framework up to April 2015...
November 16, 2016: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826910/humeral-lengthening-and-deformity-correction
#5
REVIEW
Gamal Ahmed Hosny
INTRODUCTION: Ilizarov principles and hybrid fixation have improved the results of humeral lengthening. We reviewed the literature on humeral lengthening using different fixators with regard to indications, operative technique, results and complications. We also retrospectively reviewed 56 segments in 46 patients treated with humeral lengthening and deformity correction using Ilizarov external fixation. The etiology was achondroplasia (10 patients), epiphyseal injury (8 cases), infection (11 cases) and Erb's palsy (17 cases)...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803013/when-plenty-is-too-much-water-intoxication-in-a-patient-with-a-simple-urinary-tract-infection
#6
Laura Christine Lee, Maryann Noronha
Healthcare professionals frequently advise patients with simple infective illness to drink more fluids. Here, a 59-year-old woman with a urinary tract infection followed such advice resulting in hospital admission with symptomatic acute hyponatraemia. Water intoxication is well recognised as a cause of symptomatic hyponatraemia in endurance sports, MDMA use and psychogenic polydipsia. It has rarely been described outside of these circumstances. With normal renal function, it is difficult to overwhelm the excretory capacity for water...
November 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799501/gnathostomiasis-in-brazil-an-emerging-disease-with-a-challenging-diagnosis
#7
Julian Cornaglia, Maxime Jean, Kevin Bertrand, Hugues Aumaître, Melisande Roy, Beatrice Nickel
This case report describes the second reported case of gnathostomiasis acquired in Brazil. The French traveller returned from a sport fishing trip from Tocantins where he was repeatedly consuming raw freshwater fish marinated with lemon juice. Gnathostoma infection was diagnosed based on clinical symptoms, dietary record and by detection of specific antibodies in the blood.
July 2016: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789041/signs-of-stigma-and-poor-mental-health-among-carriers-of-mrsa
#8
B Rump, M De Boer, R Reis, M Wassenberg, J Van Steenbergen
BACKGROUND: Many countries have implemented guidelines to prevent transmission of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Important contextual factors of stigma can be identified in the context of MRSA. Over the past decade, concerns have been raised over a possible stigmatizing effect of these actions. AIM: To identify and quantify the occurrence of MRSA-associated stigma, and to explore its association with mental health in a country with an MRSA 'search and destroy' policy...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749107/web-based-hiv-testing-in-abruzzo-italy-analysis-of-15-month-activity-results
#9
Ennio Polilli, Federica Sozio, Paola Di Stefano, Antonina Sciacca, Tamara Ursini, Maurizio Paoloni, Jacopo Vecchiet, Dante Di Giammartino, Maria Pina Sciotti, Alessandro Grimaldi, Valerio Cortesi, Paolo Fazii, Elena Ricci, Claudio D'Amario, Giuseppe Ippolito, Lucio Pippa, Giustino Parruti
Undiagnosed cases of HIV infection in developed countries are estimated at 20-30% of individuals living with HIV. Web-based strategies may represent a new approach to easier, wider, and unrestricted access to early testing. The Abruzzo Region, Italy, developed a Web-based tool to recruit persons at high risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). At the Website www.failtestanchetu.it , browsers found information on STIs (HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis), a structured questionnaire called "risk calculator" to assess one's own risk behaviors and direct booking of their test at one of six sites throughout the region...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741133/hip-arthroscopy-versus-open-surgical-dislocation-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#10
Dagang Zhang, Long Chen, Guanglin Wang
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of hip arthroscopy versus open surgical dislocation for treating femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) through published clinical trials. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive literature search using PUBMED, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for relevant studies on hip arthroscopy and open surgical dislocation as treatment options for FAI. RESULTS: Compared with open surgical dislocation, hip arthroscopy resulted in significantly higher Nonarthritic Hip Scores (NAHS) at 3- and 12-month follow-ups, a significant improvement in NAHS from preoperation to 3 months postoperation, and a significantly lower reoperation rate...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727061/arthroscopic-plication-for-multidirectional-instability-50-patients-with-a-minimum-of-2-years-of-follow-up
#11
Caroline Witney-Lagen, Abdul Hassan, Anouska Doodson, Balachandran Venkateswaran
BACKGROUND: Treatment of patients who have not improved after physiotherapy for multidirectional instability (MDI) remains challenging, with no agreed best practice. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether arthroscopic plication is safe and effective for these patients. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients who had not improved after at least 6 months of specialized shoulder physiotherapy for symptomatic MDI and no labral lesion at arthroscopy underwent arthroscopic plication between 2006 and 2013...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676951/physical-activity-among-a-cohort-of-hemodialysed-lebanese-patients
#12
Khalil Ghoussoub, Bernard Ghanem, Dania Nehme Chelala, Serge Finianos, Hiba Azar, Zakhia Naoum, Kassem Bdeiri
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the study is to identify factors that may influence the functional limitations of hemodialysis patients and analyze their level of physical activity. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional descriptive study, for adult patients on chronic hemodialysis in the Hôtel-Dieu de France Hospital. A 32-item questionnaire explores the personal data, etiology of renal failure, associated defects, technical data of hemodialysis and seniority, the current seat and pain...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644427/successful-treatment-of-chronic-osteomyelitis-in-children-with-debridement-antibiotic-laden-cement-spacer-and-bone-graft-substitute
#13
Federico Canavese, Marco Corradin, Ahmad Khan, Mounira Mansour, Marie Rousset, Antoine Samba
PURPOSE: Chronic osteomyelitis and infected nonunion are relatively rare conditions in pediatric patients and are more frequently seen in developing countries. Although relatively rare, they are medically and surgically challenging. Here we report a novel surgical technique used to manage five patients with chronic osteomyelitis of long bones. METHODS: Five skeletally immature patients with chronic osteomyelitis and infected nonunion of the long bones were treated surgically between 2010 and 2014 by a combination of resection of necrotic infected bone, debridement of surrounding soft tissue, and application of antibiotic-laden cement spacer inducing periosteal membrane before final bone reconstruction...
September 19, 2016: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639269/more-like-him-me-or-us-the-impact-of-trait-similarity-on-adolescent-women-s-sexual-risk-behaviors-in-relationships
#14
Jennifer L Woods, Devon J Hensel, J Dennis Fortenberry
Ideal partner traits and how they relate to a young woman's current partner and relationship is a knowledge gap in the literature. The objectives of this study were 1) to assess any differences in interpersonal characteristics between a young woman or her partner and relationship and 2) to examine the impact of this difference on sexual monogamy, condom use and frequency of vaginal sex. Study participants (n=387, 14-17 years at enrollment, 90% African American) were recruited from three primary care adolescent health clinics serving areas with high rates of unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI); data were drawn from a longitudinal cohort study of sexual relationships and behaviors among young women...
August 17, 2016: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27637855/eka-survey-diagnosis-of-prosthetic-knee-joint-infection
#15
Sufian S Ahmad, Roland Becker, Antonia F Chen, Sandro Kohl
PURPOSE: Due to the juvenility of research in the field of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI), approaches employed for diagnosis of PJI vary amongst surgeons in different geographic regions. The aim of this study was to determine common diagnostic approaches utilized by European knee arthroplasty surgeons for the diagnosis of PJI. METHODS: A task force was established for questionnaire development, consisting of surgeons and clinical researchers who each had a record of publishing in the field of PJI...
October 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583007/the-sheffield-bone-block-procedure-a-new-operation-for-the-treatment-of-glenoid-bone-loss-in-patients-with-anterior-traumatic-shoulder-instability
#16
Santosh Venkatachalam, Phil Storey, Scott J Macinnes, Amjid Ali, David Potter
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the results of the Sheffield bone block procedure for anteroinferior bone loss in traumatic shoulder instability. In this modified open technique, the medial half of coracoid process without its soft tissue attachments is used to provide congruent augmentation of the anteroinferior glenoid and secured with two screws. METHODS: In this retrospective consecutive case series (2007-11), all patients having recurrent traumatic instability with glenoid bone loss > 20% and/or a large Hill-Sachs lesion were included...
April 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27580693/association-of-biomarkers-with-health-related-quality-of-life-and-history-of-stressors-in-myalgic-encephalomyelitis-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-patients
#17
Emmanuel Fenouillet, Aude Vigouroux, Jean Guillaume Steinberg, Alexandre Chagvardieff, Frédérique Retornaz, Regis Guieu, Yves Jammes
BACKGROUND: Myalgic encephalomyelitis chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a common debilitating disorder associated with an intense fatigue, a reduced physical activity, and an impaired quality of life. There are no established biological markerof the syndrome. The etiology is unknown and its pathogenesis appears to be multifactorial. Various stressors, including intense physical activity, severe infection, and emotional stress are reported in the medical history of ME/CFS patients which raises the question whether any physiological and biological abnormalities usually found in these patients could be indicative of the etiology and/or the quality-of-life impairment...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577687/association-between-contact-sports-and-colonization-with-staphylococcus-aureus-in-a-prospective-cohort-of-collegiate-athletes
#18
Natalia Jiménez-Truque, Elizabeth J Saye, Nicole Soper, Benjamin R Saville, Isaac Thomsen, Kathryn M Edwards, C Buddy Creech
OBJECTIVE: Athletes have a higher risk of infection with Staphylococcus aureus than the general population. Most studies in athletes have included primarily male contact sports participants and have not assessed S. aureus carriage over time. We aimed to examine the epidemiology and risk factors of S. aureus carriage in a cohort of male and female collegiate athletes. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 377 varsity collegiate athletes from August 2008 to April 2010...
August 31, 2016: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27554869/-etiology-of-intertrigo-in-adults-a-prospective-study-of-103%C3%A2-cases
#19
M Ndiaye, M Taleb, B A Diatta, A Diop, M Diallo, S Diadie, N B Seck, S Diallo, M T Ndiaye, S O Niang, F Ly, A Kane, M T Dieng
INTRODUCTION: The etiologies of intertrigo in adults are numerous and different. The objective of our work was to study the epidemiological, clinical and the risk factors of intertrigo in adults. METHODS: We conducted a prospective study for a period of seven months in two Dermatology Units in Dakar (Senegal). All adults patient with intertrigo seen during this period who gave consent were included. RESULTS: One hundred and three patients with intertrigo were diagnosed with a hospital prevalence of 2...
August 20, 2016: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27539130/return-to-play-rates-following-arthroscopic-treatment-of-femoroacetabular-impingement-in-competitive-baseball-players
#20
Ryan M Degen, Kara G Fields, C Sally Wentzel, Bethanne Bartscherer, Anil S Ranawat, Struan H Coleman, Bryan T Kelly
OBJECTIVE: Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) has been increasingly recognized in cutting sports including soccer, hockey and football. More recently, the prevalence among overhead athletes has also been recognized. The purpose of this study was to review impingement patterns, return-to-play rates and clinical outcome following arthroscopic treatment of FAI among high-level baseball players. METHODS: Between 2010 and 2014, 70 competitive baseball players (86 hips; age 22...
November 2016: Physician and Sportsmedicine
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