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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149415/upper-respiratory-tract-diseases-in-athletes-in-different-sports-disciplines
#1
Anna Gałązka-Franta, Edyta Jura-Szołtys, Wojciech Smółka, Radosław Gawlik
Upper respiratory tract diseases in athletes are a very common medical problem. Training conditions in different sports disciplines increase the risk of upper respiratory disease. Epidemiological evidence suggests that heavy acute or chronic exercise is related to an increased incidence of upper respiratory tract infections in athletes. Regular physical exercise at high intensity may lead to transient immunosuppression due to high prevalence of allergic diseases in athletes. Regardless of the cause they can exclude athletes from the training program and significantly impair their performance...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28149405/zika-virus-infection-summer-olympic-and-paralympic-games-in-rio-2016-and-sports-performance
#2
Rodrigo Luiz Vancini, Marília Santos Andrade, Càssia Regina Vancini-Campanharo, Claudio Andre Barbosa de Lira
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2016: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135229/bacterial-sport-related-skin-and-soft-tissue-infections-sstis-an-ongoing-problem-among-a-diverse-range-of-athletes
#3
Justin J Mitchell, J Mark Jackson, Azam Anwar, Steven B Singleton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 24, 2017: JBJS Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065991/septic-olecranon-and-prepatellar-bursitis-in-hockey-players-a-report-of-three-cases
#4
Taylor Tuff, Karen Chrobak
Septic bursitis (SB) is an important differential diagnosis in athletes presenting with an acute subcutaneous swelling of the elbow or knee. Prompt recognition is essential to minimize recovery time and prevent the spread of infection. Due to the significant overlap in clinical features, it is often difficult to differentiate SB from non-septic bursitis (NSB) without bursal aspirate analysis. SB is commonly not considered unless the bursitis is accompanied by a local skin lesion or fever. This study describes two cases of septic olecranon bursitis and one case of septic prepatellar bursitis in adult hockey players presenting to a sports medicine clinic...
December 2016: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057022/long-term-follow-up-on-recovery-return-to-use-and-sporting-activity-a-retrospective-study-of-236-operated-colic-horses-in-finland-2006-2012
#5
Isa Anna Maria Immonen, Ninja Karikoski, Anna Mykkänen, Tytti Niemelä, Jouni Junnila, Riitta-Mari Tulamo
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment of colic is expensive and complications may occur. Information on the prognosis and the use of the horse after surgery for colic is important for surgeons and owners. Current literature on return to athletic function after celiotomy is limited. The present study reviewed surgical cases of the Veterinary Teaching Hospital, Helsinki, Finland for 2006-2012. The aim was to follow the population of horses of different breeds for surgical findings, postsurgical complications, long-term recovery and prognosis...
January 5, 2017: Acta Veterinaria Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052699/high-prevalence-of-physical-inactivity-among-patients-from-the-swiss-hiv-cohort-study
#6
Juliane Schäfer, Jim Young, Alexandra Calmy, Dunja Nicca, Barbara Hasse, Claudia Brun Del Re, Matthias Cavassini, Enos Bernasconi, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss, Heiner C Bucher
Physical activity (PA) can improve cardiorespiratory status, strength, body composition and quality of life for patients infected with HIV. Evidence from HIV-uninfected populations also shows that PA is associated with a lower risk of mortality, primarily death due to cardiovascular causes. There is, however, a lack of data on how physically active HIV-infected patients are. In this study, we assessed levels of self-reported PA over time in patients enrolled in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study, a large multicentre prospective observational cohort study...
January 5, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051829/apophyseal-and-epiphyseal-knee-injuries-in-the-adolescent-athlete
#7
P Persiani, F M Ranaldi, A Formica, M Mariani, O Mazza, M Crostelli, C Villani
OBJECTIVES: In the context of pediatric sports injuries, the epiphyseal and apophyseal knee fractures represent rather peculiar lesions. The most frequently involved anatomical area is the knee. The peculiar function of the physis and the need to preserve their integrity, makes choosing what treatment methods to employ very important. Objective of this study is to assess the kind and the effectiveness of the most suitable treatment in the apophyseal and epiphyseal knee lesions occurring in the adolescents...
November 2016: La Clinica Terapeutica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28030333/serosurvey-of-anti-toxoplasma-gondii-antibodies-in-sport-horses-from-paraiba-state-northeastern-brazil
#8
Jonatas C Almeida, Odilon Vidotto, Edlainne P Ferreira, Luana P S Ribeiro, Anna C B Mongruel, Thállitha S W J Vieira, Roberta L Freire, Rinaldo A Mota, Rafael F C Vieira
Although the infection by Toxoplasma gondii in horses is usually asymptomatic, it may be characterized by the presence of tissue cysts and maintenance of detectable antibody titers. The aim of this study was to detect anti-T.gondii antibodies and to determine risk factors associated in sport horses from Paraíba State, Northeastern Brazil. A total of 138 apparently healthy sport horses of different age and gender were sampled. Anti-Toxoplasma gondii antibodies were detected in 16/138 (11.6%; 95% CI: 6.77-18...
March 1, 2017: Acta Parasitologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27986370/effects-of-ethyl-chloride-spray-on-early-recovery-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-prospective-study
#9
Wang Rui, Gong Long, Geng Li, Yu Yang, Li Hengjin, Wang Zhenhu
BACKGROUND: Ethyl chloride spray as a common cooling modality has been widely used in acute sports injuries and joint injection procedures. Several clinical studies reported that use of ethyl chloride has positive effects on swelling, pain reduction and recovery from sports injuries. The main aim of present study was to analyze whether postoperative use of ethyl chloride spray benefits results after primary total knee arthroplasty (TKA). METHODS: Between April 1, 2014 and October 21, 2015, 306 subjects undergoing primary TKA used ethyl chloride spray for improving recovery from the damage from surgery...
December 13, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888844/mr-imaging-of-the-plantar-plate-normal-anatomy-turf-toe-and-other-injuries
#10
REVIEW
Caio Nery, Daniel Baumfeld, Hilary Umans, André F Yamada
The metatarsophalangeal (MTP) joint complex is a weight-bearing structure important to the biomechanics of the standing position, walking, shoe wearing, and sport participation. Acute dorsiflexion injury of the first MTP joint, "turf toe," is common among American football and soccer players. The first and lesser MTP joint complexes can be affected by degenerative or inflammatory arthritis, infarct, and infection. These conditions can lead to plantar plate disruption. Imaging studies help physicians to properly diagnose and treat this condition...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885394/sports-specific-differences-in-postsurgical-infections-after-arthroscopically-assisted-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#11
Werner Krutsch, Johannes Zellner, Florian Zeman, Michael Nerlich, Matthias Koch, Christian Pfeifer, Peter Angele
PURPOSE: Post-operative infection after arthroscopically assisted anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction is a rare but severe complication, particularly for young and active patients. It is unclear whether the prevalence of knee infection is correlated with the type of sports or the level of performance. METHODS: From 2008 to 2012, the internal single-centre ACL registry of the FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence Regensburg was retrospectively screened for sex, age, time between isolated primary ACL rupture and surgery, surgical technique, rate of infection after ACL reconstruction and the type of sports practised...
November 24, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884864/sports-injuries-and-illnesses-in-the-lillehammer-2016-youth-olympic-winter-games
#12
Kathrin Steffen, Christine Holm Moseid, Lars Engebretsen, Pia K Søberg, Olav Amundsen, Kristian Holm, Thomas Moger, Torbjørn Soligard
BACKGROUND: Injury and illness surveillance during high-level youth sports events is an important first step in health prevention and caretaking of the young elite athletes. AIM: To analyse injuries and illnesses that occurred during the 10 days 2nd Youth Olympic Winter Games (YOG), held in Lillehammer 2016. METHODS: We recorded the daily occurrence (or non-occurrence) of injuries and illnesses through the reporting of (1) all National Olympic Committee (NOC) medical teams and (2) the polyclinic and medical venues by the Lillehammer Organising Committee (LYOCOG) medical staff...
January 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865877/cough-in-the-athlete-chest-guideline-and-expert-panel-report
#13
Louis-Philippe Boulet, Julie Turmel, Richard S Irwin
BACKGROUND: Cough is a common symptom experienced by athletes, particularly after exercise. We performed a systematic review to assess the following in this population: (1) the main causes of acute and recurrent cough, either exercise-induced or not, (2) how cough is assessed, and (3) how cough is treated in this population. From the systematic review, suggestions for management were developed. METHODS: This review was performed according to the CHEST methodological guidelines and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework until April 2015...
February 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826910/humeral-lengthening-and-deformity-correction
#14
REVIEW
Gamal Ahmed Hosny
INTRODUCTION: Ilizarov principles and hybrid fixation have improved the results of humeral lengthening. We reviewed the literature on humeral lengthening using different fixators with regard to indications, operative technique, results and complications. We also retrospectively reviewed 56 segments in 46 patients treated with humeral lengthening and deformity correction using Ilizarov external fixation. The etiology was achondroplasia (10 patients), epiphyseal injury (8 cases), infection (11 cases) and Erb's palsy (17 cases)...
December 2016: Journal of Children's Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803013/when-plenty-is-too-much-water-intoxication-in-a-patient-with-a-simple-urinary-tract-infection
#15
Laura Christine Lee, Maryann Noronha
Healthcare professionals frequently advise patients with simple infective illness to drink more fluids. Here, a 59-year-old woman with a urinary tract infection followed such advice resulting in hospital admission with symptomatic acute hyponatraemia. Water intoxication is well recognised as a cause of symptomatic hyponatraemia in endurance sports, MDMA use and psychogenic polydipsia. It has rarely been described outside of these circumstances. With normal renal function, it is difficult to overwhelm the excretory capacity for water...
November 1, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799501/gnathostomiasis-in-brazil-an-emerging-disease-with-a-challenging-diagnosis
#16
Julian Cornaglia, Maxime Jean, Kevin Bertrand, Hugues Aumaître, Melisande Roy, Beatrice Nickel
This case report describes the second reported case of gnathostomiasis acquired in Brazil. The French traveller returned from a sport fishing trip from Tocantins where he was repeatedly consuming raw freshwater fish marinated with lemon juice. Gnathostoma infection was diagnosed based on clinical symptoms, dietary record and by detection of specific antibodies in the blood.
July 2016: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789041/signs-of-stigma-and-poor-mental-health-among-carriers-of-mrsa
#17
B Rump, M De Boer, R Reis, M Wassenberg, J Van Steenbergen
BACKGROUND: Many countries have implemented guidelines to prevent transmission of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Important contextual factors of stigma can be identified in the context of MRSA. Over the past decade, concerns have been raised over a possible stigmatizing effect of these actions. AIM: To identify and quantify the occurrence of MRSA-associated stigma, and to explore its association with mental health in a country with an MRSA 'search and destroy' policy...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Hospital Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27749107/web-based-hiv-testing-in-abruzzo-italy-analysis-of-15-month-activity-results
#18
Ennio Polilli, Federica Sozio, Paola Di Stefano, Antonina Sciacca, Tamara Ursini, Maurizio Paoloni, Jacopo Vecchiet, Dante Di Giammartino, Maria Pina Sciotti, Alessandro Grimaldi, Valerio Cortesi, Paolo Fazii, Elena Ricci, Claudio D'Amario, Giuseppe Ippolito, Lucio Pippa, Giustino Parruti
Undiagnosed cases of HIV infection in developed countries are estimated at 20-30% of individuals living with HIV. Web-based strategies may represent a new approach to easier, wider, and unrestricted access to early testing. The Abruzzo Region, Italy, developed a Web-based tool to recruit persons at high risk of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). At the Website www.failtestanchetu.it , browsers found information on STIs (HIV, hepatitis B and C, and syphilis), a structured questionnaire called "risk calculator" to assess one's own risk behaviors and direct booking of their test at one of six sites throughout the region...
October 2016: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741133/hip-arthroscopy-versus-open-surgical-dislocation-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
REVIEW
Dagang Zhang, Long Chen, Guanglin Wang
BACKGROUND: This meta-analysis aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of hip arthroscopy versus open surgical dislocation for treating femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) through published clinical trials. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive literature search using PUBMED, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases for relevant studies on hip arthroscopy and open surgical dislocation as treatment options for FAI. RESULTS: Compared with open surgical dislocation, hip arthroscopy resulted in significantly higher Nonarthritic Hip Scores (NAHS) at 3- and 12-month follow-ups, a significant improvement in NAHS from preoperation to 3 months postoperation, and a significantly lower reoperation rate...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727061/arthroscopic-plication-for-multidirectional-instability-50-patients-with-a-minimum-of-2-years-of-follow-up
#20
Caroline Witney-Lagen, Abdul Hassan, Anouska Doodson, Balachandran Venkateswaran
BACKGROUND: Treatment of patients who have not improved after physiotherapy for multidirectional instability (MDI) remains challenging, with no agreed best practice. The purpose of this study was to ascertain whether arthroscopic plication is safe and effective for these patients. METHODS: Fifty consecutive patients who had not improved after at least 6 months of specialized shoulder physiotherapy for symptomatic MDI and no labral lesion at arthroscopy underwent arthroscopic plication between 2006 and 2013...
February 2017: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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