keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

apnea effects

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430697/abusive-head-trauma-and-mortality-an-analysis-from-an-international-comparative-effectiveness-study-of-children-with-severe-traumatic-brain-injury
#1
Nikki Miller Ferguson, Ajit Sarnaik, Darryl Miles, Nadeem Shafi, Mark J Peters, Edward Truemper, Monica S Vavilala, Michael J Bell, Stephen R Wisniewski, James F Luther, Adam L Hartman, Patrick M Kochanek
OBJECTIVES: Small series have suggested that outcomes after abusive head trauma are less favorable than after other injury mechanisms. We sought to determine the impact of abusive head trauma on mortality and identify factors that differentiate children with abusive head trauma from those with traumatic brain injury from other mechanisms. DESIGN: First 200 subjects from the Approaches and Decisions in Acute Pediatric Traumatic Brain Injury Trial-a comparative effectiveness study using an observational, cohort study design...
April 20, 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429854/application-of-3c-insulin-pump-system-in-combination-with-non-invasive-ventilation-in-the-treatment-of-a-patient-with-type-2-diabetes-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome
#2
Peng Dong, Jing Xu, Junhong Wang, Chunhong Zhang
We observed the curative effect of 3C insulin system in combination with non-invasive ventilation in a patient with type 2 diabetes and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). 3C insulin pump is a system of devices that closely monitors and effectively regulates blood glucose levels. Non-invasive ventilation has been shown to be an effective treatment for OSAS. A type 2 diabetic patient with concomitant OSAS was treated with a 3C insulin pump system for real-time continuous glucose monitoring and nocturnal non-invasive ventilation for OSAS...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429199/gastric-bypass-and-influence-on-improvement-of-nafld
#3
REVIEW
Vamsi Alli, Ann M Rogers
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is recognized as a chronic and recurring disease, often accompanied by other weight-related comorbid conditions such as obstructive sleep apnea, hypertension, type 2 diabetes, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). This chapter will seek to focus on the effect of weight loss surgery (WLS), in particular Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB), on NAFLD. RECENT FINDINGS: Among several modalities available to treat NAFLD, the one most likely to achieve rapid, significant, and sustained improvement of liver disease is WLS...
June 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421375/obstructive-sleep-apnea-increases-the-risk-of-cardiac-events-after-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#4
REVIEW
Hua Qu, Ming Guo, Ying Zhang, Da-Zhuo Shi
PURPOSE: Recent studies have shown an association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and coronary artery disease; however, the association between OSA and cardiac outcomes in patients after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) remains undetermined. METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, and CENTRAL were searched from inception to July 2016 for cohort studies that followed up with patients after PCI, and evaluated their overnight sleep patterns within 1 month for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) as primary outcomes including cardiac death, non-fatal myocardial infarction (MI), and coronary revascularization and secondary outcomes including re-admission for heart failure and stroke...
April 18, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28421171/tactile-stimulation-to-stimulate-spontaneous-breathing-during-stabilization-of-preterm-infants-at-birth-a-retrospective-analysis
#5
Janneke Dekker, Tessa Martherus, Sophie J E Cramer, Henriette A van Zanten, Stuart B Hooper, Arjan B Te Pas
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Tactile maneuvers to stimulate breathing in preterm infants are recommended during the initial assessment at birth, but it is not known how often and how this is applied. We evaluated the occurrence and patterns of tactile stimulation during stabilization of preterm infants at birth. METHODS: Recordings of physiological parameters and videos of infants <32 weeks gestational age were retrospectively analyzed. Details of tactile stimulation during the first 7 min after birth (timing, duration, type, and indication) were noted...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420694/caffeine-preferentially-protects-against-oxygen-induced-retinopathy
#6
Shuya Zhang, Rong Zhou, Bo Li, Haiyan Li, Yanyan Wang, Xuejiao Gu, Lingyun Tang, Cun Wang, Dingjuan Zhong, Yuanyuan Ge, Yuqing Huo, Jing Lin, Xiao-Ling Liu, Jiang-Fan Chen
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is the leading cause of childhood blindness, but current anti-VEGF therapy is concerned with delayed retinal vasculature, eye, and brain development of preterm infants. The clinical observation of reduced ROP severity in premature infants after caffeine treatment for apnea suggests that caffeine may protect against ROP. Here, we demonstrate that caffeine did not interfere with normal retinal vascularization development but selectively protected against oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR) in mice...
April 18, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419387/effect-of-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-on-health-related-quality-of-life-and-sleepiness-in-high-cardiovascular-risk-individuals-with-sleep-apnea-best-apnea-interventions-for-research-bestair-trial
#7
Ying Y Zhao, Rui Wang, Kevin J Gleason, Eldrin F Lewis, Stuart F Quan, Claudia M Toth, Michael Morrical, Michael Rueschman, Jia Weng, James H Ware, Murray A Mittleman, Susan Redline
Study Objectives: The long term effect of continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with high cardiovascular disease risk and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) without severe sleepiness is uncertain. We aimed to determine the effect of CPAP treatment on HRQOL in individuals with moderate or severe OSA and cardiovascular disease (CVD) or multiple CVD risk factors without severe sleepiness. Methods: In this randomized, controlled, parallel group study, 169 participants were assigned to treatment with CPAP or the control group (conservative medical therapy [CMT] or CMT with sham CPAP)...
April 17, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28419356/arousal-induced-hypocapnia-does-not-reduce-genioglossus-activity-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-arousal-induced-hypocapnia-in-osa-muscle-effects
#8
Jennifer M Cori, Therese Thornton, Fergal J O'Donoghue, Peter D Rochford, David P White, John Trinder, Amy S Jordan
Study Objectives: To determine whether arousals that terminate obstructive events in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA): 1. Induce hypocapnia and 2. Subsequently reduce genioglossus muscle activity following the return to sleep. Methods: 31 untreated OSA patients slept instrumented with: sleep staging electrodes, nasal mask and pneumotachograph, end-tidal CO2 monitoring and intramuscular genioglossus electrodes. End-tidal CO2 was monitored and respiratory arousals were assigned an end-arousal CO2 change value (PETCO2 on the last arousal breath minus each individual's wakefulness PETCO2)...
April 13, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418798/evidence-of-a-preventive-effect-of-breastfeeding-on-obstructive-sleep-apnea-in-children-and-adults
#9
Pedro Pileggi Vinha, Francisco Veríssimo de Mello-Filho
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Journal of Human Lactation: Official Journal of International Lactation Consultant Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417665/can-intracapsular-tonsillectomy-be-an-alternative-to-classical-tonsillectomy-a-meta-analysis
#10
Jong Seung Kim, Sam Hyun Kwon, Eun Jung Lee, Yong Joo Yoon
Objective Tonsillectomy is the most common operation performed in the otolaryngologic fields. Efforts have been made to reduce postoperative complications, and one of these is intracapsular tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (ICTA), which leaves the tonsillar tissue with tonsillar capsule. This study aimed to evaluate intracapsular tonsillectomy compared with classical extracapsular tonsillectomy in terms of efficacy of the technique for managing obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and reducing postoperative complications...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416458/on-the-origins-of-sex-based-differences-in-respiratory-disorders-lessons-and-hypotheses-from-stress-neuroendocrinology-in-developing-rats
#11
REVIEW
Jean-Philippe Rousseau, Luana Tenorio-Lopes, Cécile Baldy, Tara Adele Janes, Stéphanie Fournier, Richard Kinkead
The environment plays a critical role in shaping development and function of the brain. Stress, especially when experienced early in life, can interfere with these processes. In the context of respiratory control, perinatal stress can therefore alter the ability to achieve the "fine-tuning" necessary for proper detection of chemosensory stimuli and production of an adequate motor (respiratory) command. Depending on the timing, intensity, and duration, the detrimental consequences of perinatal exposure to adverse conditions on the respiratory network become manifest at various life stages and can persist into adulthood...
April 14, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416157/dentoskeletal-sequellae-after-wearing-of-a-mandibular-advancement-device-in-an-osahs-setting
#12
Amélie Laborde, Cyrille Tison, Elodie Drumez, Emilie Garreau, Joël Ferri, Gwenaël Raoul
Mandibular advancement devices (MAD) are recommended in certain cases for the treatment of obstructive sleep apnea and hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS). The aim of this study was to make a retrospective investigation into the dental and skeletal effects in patients suffering from OSAHS after wearing an MAD, and according to the type of device, rigid or semi-rigid. Cephalometric criteria on lateral cephalograms before and after at least 6 months of treatment were analyzed. Twenty-two patients were included. We observed average labial tipping of the lower incisors (+4...
April 13, 2017: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414584/screening-commercial-vehicle-drivers-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea-tools-barriers-and-recommendations
#13
Kelly A Evans, Tracey Yap, Barbara Turner
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is a disorder characterized by a cessation of breathing during sleep, leading to poor sleep patterns and daytime somnolence. Daytime somnolence is of particular concern for commercial vehicle drivers, whose crash risk increases 50% with untreated OSA. The process of diagnosing and treating OSA in commercial drivers begins with effective and consistent screening. Therefore, the researchers screened drivers with both the STOP-Bang Questionnaire and the Obstructive Sleep Apnea Evaluation Worksheet (OSAEW) and compared the two tools...
April 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28413280/comparison-of-sevoflurane-and-propofol-for-laryngeal-mask-airway-insertion-and-pressor-response-in-patients-undergoing-gynecological-procedures
#14
Shirishkumar Gulabrao Chavan, Surita Mandhyan, Sandhya Haridas Gujar, Gourish Prakash Shinde
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: A popular method of providing anesthesia for laryngeal mask airway (LMA) insertion is with the use of propofol. However, bolus propofol has been associated with adverse effects such as hypotension, apnea and pain on injection. Hence, time is needed to search an alternative. We aimed to compare the induction characteristics, ease of LMA insertion, hemodynamic changes and complications with inhalation of 8% sevoflurane vital capacity breath and propofol. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A prospective randomized study of 60 American Society of Anesthesiologists' Grade I and II patients was conducted and distributed among two groups with 30 each undergoing gynecological procedures under general anesthesia...
January 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412161/the-effect-of-the-apneic-period-on-the-respiratory-physiology-of-patients-undergoing-intubation-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Jason R West, Anthony Scoccimarro, Cody Kramer, Nicholas D Caputo
OBJECTIVES: We sought to examine the physiological impact the apneic period has on the respiratory physiology of patients undergoing intubation in the emergency department and whether DAO, the delivery of 15L oxygen by nasal cannula during apnea, can affect the development of respiratory acidosis. METHODS: This was a prospective observational cohort study conducted at an urban academic level 1 trauma center. A convenience sample of 100 patients was taken. Timed data collection forms were completed during the periintubation period...
April 2, 2017: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410878/efficacy-of-laronidase-therapy-in-patients-with-mucopolysaccharidosis-type-i-who-initiated-enzyme-replacement-therapy-in-adult-age-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Jordi Pérez-López, Montserrat Morales-Conejo, Mónica López-Rodríguez, Álvaro Hermida-Ameijeiras, Marc Moltó-Abad
BACKGROUND: The efficacy of starting enzyme replacement therapy (ERT) in adults with Muchopolysaccharidosis Type I (MPS-I) is controversial. Evaluating the benefits reported by patients initiating ERT with laronidase at adult age might help physicians decide whether the use of ERT in these patients is worthwhile from a clinical point of view. OBJECTIVE: To assess every effectiveness variable modified in MPS-I patients who initiated laronidase at adult age. METHODS: A systematic search of the literature, from inception to July 2016, was conducted using MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL and LILACS to identify randomized trials or observational studies including ≥1 MPS-I patients with ERT initiated in adult age (≥18years) and evaluating ERT efficacy...
April 9, 2017: Molecular Genetics and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408141/the-effects-of-heel-height-on-head-position-long-term-average-spectra-and-perceptions-of-female-singers
#17
Amelia A Rollings
Female singers often wear high heels for auditions and performances. Heel height research in non-singing contexts indicates that wearing heels can affect body alignment and head position. Studies in orthodontics, sleep apnea, and voice science suggest that head and neck positioning can alter the vocal tract. The purpose of this study was to assess the effects, if any, of heel height (barefoot, 10.16-cm stilettos) on three angles of singer head position (calculated from C7-tragus-nasion), long-term average spectra data, and perceptual data (questionnaire) acquired from female (N = 30) soloists during alternating periods of silence and singing...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408103/effect-of-cpap-on-diastolic-function-in-coronary-artery-disease-patients-with-nonsleepy-obstructive-sleep-apnea-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Helena Glantz, Magnus C Johansson, Erik Thunström, Cecilia Wallentin Guron, Harun Uzel, Mustafa Saygin, Johan Herlitz, Yüksel Peker
BACKGROUND: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been associated with worse diastolic function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This analysis determined whether continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) treatment would improve diastolic function in CAD patients with nonsleepy OSA. METHODS: Between December 2005 and November 2010, 244 revascularized CAD patients with nonsleepy OSA (apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) ≥15/h, Epworth Sleepiness Scale [ESS] score<10) were randomly assigned to CPAP or no-CPAP...
March 25, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407825/-effect-of-pregnancy-induced-hypertension-syndrome-on-complications-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#19
Song-Zhou Xu, Xiao-Yan Hu, Fang Zhao, Yu-Xin Zhou, Shuang-Chuan Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of pregnancy-induced hypertension syndrome (PIH) on complications in very low birth weight (VLBW) preterm infants. METHODS: The VLBW preterm infants were enrolled as research subjects, and according to the presence or absence of PIH in their mothers, they were divided into PIH group and non- PIH group. The incidence of major complications and length of hospital stay were compared between the two groups. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the two groups in gestational age, birth weight, sex, incidence rate of maternal diabetes, and use of antepartum hormone...
April 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405876/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-in-kidney-transplant-candidates-a-case-series
#20
Sergio Carandina, Laurent Genser, Manuela Bossi, Laura Montana, Alexandre Cortes, Marie Seman, Marc Danan, Christophe Barrat
BACKGROUND: Patients with a body mass index (BMI) >35 kg/m(2) who need kidney transplant present with increased postoperative mortality and reduced kidney graft survival compared to patients with a lower BMI. For this reason, obese patients are often excluded from the transplantation waiting list. The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and the results of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) for obese patients awaiting a kidney transplant. METHODS: This was a retrospective study on patients with dialysis-dependent renal failure (DDRF) operated on at two first-level bariatric centers in Paris (France)...
April 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
keyword
keyword
83190
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"