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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931042/evaluation-of-the-cytotoxicity-of-the-bithionol-paclitaxel-combination-in-a-panel-of-human-ovarian-cancer-cell-lines
#1
Vijayalakshmi N Ayyagari, Paula L Diaz-Sylvester, Tsung-Han Jeff Hsieh, Laurent Brard
Previously, Bithionol (BT) was shown to enhance the chemosensitivity of ovarian cancer cell lines to cisplatin treatment. In the present study, we focused on the anti-tumor potential of the BT-paclitaxel combination when added to a panel of ovarian cancer cell lines. This in vitro study aimed to 1) determine the optimum schedule for combination of BT and paclitaxel and 2) assess the nature and mechanism(s) underlying BT-paclitaxel interactions. The cytotoxic effects of both drugs either alone or in combination were assessed by presto-blue cell viability assay using six human ovarian cancer cell lines...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898468/nanodroplet-containing-polymers-for-efficient-low-power-light-upconversion
#2
Roberto Vadrucci, Angelo Monguzzi, Felipe Saenz, Bodo D Wilts, Yoan C Simon, Christoph Weder
Sensitized triplet-triplet-annihilation-based photon upconversion (TTA-UC) permits the conversion of light into radiation of higher energy and involves a sequence of photophysical processes between two dyes. In contrast to other upconversion schemes, TTA-UC allows the frequency shifting of low-intensity light, which makes it particularly suitable for solar-energy harvesting technologies. High upconversion yields can be observed for low viscosity solutions of dyes; but, in solid materials, which are better suited for integration in devices, the process is usually less efficient...
September 12, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890417/the-impact-of-vessel-size-orientation-and-intravascular-contribution-on-the-neurovascular-fingerprint-of-bold-bssfp-fmri
#3
Mario Gilberto Báez-Yánez, Philipp Ehses, Christian Mirkes, Philbert S Tsai, David Kleinfeld, Klaus Scheffler
Monte Carlo simulations have been used to analyze oxygenation-related signal changes in pass-band balanced steady state free precession (bSSFP) as well as in gradient echo (GE) and spin echo (SE) sequences. Signal changes were calculated for artificial cylinders and neurovascular networks acquired from the mouse parietal cortex by two-photon laser scanning microscopy at 1 μm isotropic resolution. Signal changes as a function of vessel size, blood volume, vessel orientation to the main magnetic field B0 as well as relations of intra- and extravascular and of micro- and macrovascular contributions have been analyzed...
September 8, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884708/dual-echo-asl-based-assessment-of-motor-networks-a-feasibility-study
#4
Silvia Francesca Storti, Ilaria Boscolo Galazzo, Francesca B Pizzini, Gloria Menegaz
OBJECTIVE: Dual-echo arterial spin labeling (DE-ASL) techniques have been recently proposed for the simultaneous acquisition of ASL and blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD)-functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. The assessment of this technique in detecting functional connectivity at rest or during motor and motor imagery tasks is still unexplored both per-se and in comparison with conventional methods. The purpose is to quantify the sensitivity of the DE-ASL sequence with respect to the conventional fMRI sequence (cvBOLD) in detecting brain activations, and to assess and compare the relevance of node features in decoding the network structure...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833782/population-transcriptomic-characterization-of-the-genetic-and-expression-variation-of-a-candidate-progenitor-of-miscanthus-energy-crops
#5
Juan Yan, Zhihong Song, Qin Xu, Lifang Kang, Caiyun Zhu, Shilai Xing, Wei Liu, Josef Greimler, Tobias Züst, Jianqiang Li, Tao Sang
The use of transcriptome data in the study of the population genetics of a species can capture faint signals of both genetic variation and expression variation, and can provide a broad picture of a species' genomic response to environmental conditions. In this study, we characterized the genetic and expression diversity of Miscanthus lutarioriparius by comparing more than 16,225 transcripts obtained from 78 individuals, belonging to 10 populations distributed across the species' entire geographic range. We only observed a low level of nucleotide diversity (π = 0...
August 22, 2017: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833514/tissue-oxygenation-mapping-by-combined-chemical-shift-and-t1-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#6
Florence Franconi, Laurent Lemaire, Hervé Saint-Jalmes, Patrick Saulnier
PURPOSE: To propose a method for determining tissue oxygenation via the measurement of fat T1 . The method is based on a 2D fat/water chemical shift-encoded and T1 -weighted acquisition. THEORY AND METHODS: A 2D data set was acquired with a fast spin echo sequence with several echo asymmetries and repetition times, wherein one dimension is related to the fat/water phase modulation and the other to the T1 saturation recovery. A joint magnitude-based process of phase modulation and T1 evolution allowed for the collection of the fat fraction and T1 maps with resolved fat or water dominance ambiguity while avoiding the phased error problem...
August 21, 2017: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28831531/brain-functional-networks-correlation-analysis-with-clinical-indexes-in-patients-with-diabetic-retinopathy
#7
Hui Dai, Yu Zhang, Lillian Lai, Su Hu, Ximing Wang, Yonggang Li, Chunhong Hu, Hailin Shen
PURPOSE: The relationship between parameters of brain functional networks and clinical indexes is unclear so far in patients with diabetic retinopathy (DR). This paper is to investigate this. METHODS: Twenty-one patients with different grades of DR and 21 age- and sex-matched healthy controls were enrolled from August 2012 to September 2014. The clinical indexes recorded included DR grade, duration of diabetes, HbA1c, diabetic foot screen, fasting plasma glucose, insulin, Homa-β, Homa-IR, insulin sensitive index (ISI), Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and patient sex and age...
August 22, 2017: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830345/physiological-and-de-novo-transcriptome-analysis-of-the-fermentation-mechanism-of-cerasus-sachalinensis-roots-in-response-to-short-term-waterlogging
#8
Peng Zhang, Deguo Lyu, Luting Jia, Jiali He, Sijun Qin
BACKGROUND: Cerasus sachalinensis is widely used in cool regions as a sweet cherry rootstock and is known for its sensitivity to soil waterlogging and waterlogging stress. However, the limited availability of Cerasus genomic resources has considerably restricted the exploration of its waterlogging response mechanism. To understand its reaction to short-term waterlogging, we analyzed the physiology and transcriptomes of C. sachalinensis roots in response to different waterlogging durations...
August 22, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827794/isocitrate-protects-dj-1-null-dopaminergic-cells-from-oxidative-stress-through-nadp-dependent-isocitrate-dehydrogenase-idh
#9
Jinsung Yang, Min Ju Kim, Woongchang Yoon, Eun Young Kim, Hyunjin Kim, Yoonjeong Lee, Boram Min, Kyung Shin Kang, Jin H Son, Hwan Tae Park, Jongkyeong Chung, Hyongjong Koh
DJ-1 is one of the causative genes for early onset familiar Parkinson's disease (PD) and is also considered to influence the pathogenesis of sporadic PD. DJ-1 has various physiological functions which converge on controlling intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels. In RNA-sequencing analyses searching for novel anti-oxidant genes downstream of DJ-1, a gene encoding NADP+-dependent isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH), which converts isocitrate into α-ketoglutarate, was detected. Loss of IDH induced hyper-sensitivity to oxidative stress accompanying age-dependent mitochondrial defects and dopaminergic (DA) neuron degeneration in Drosophila, indicating its critical roles in maintaining mitochondrial integrity and DA neuron survival...
August 2017: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821876/transcriptomic-biochemical-and-physio-anatomical-investigations-shed-more-light-on-responses-to-drought-stress-in-two-contrasting-sesame-genotypes
#10
Komivi Dossa, Donghua Li, Linhai Wang, Xiaomin Zheng, Aili Liu, Jingyin Yu, Xin Wei, Rong Zhou, Daniel Fonceka, Diaga Diouf, Boshou Liao, Ndiaga Cissé, Xiurong Zhang
Sesame is an important oilseed crop with a high oil quality. It is prone to drought stress in the arid and semi-arid areas where it is widely grown. This study aims to decipher the response of tolerant (DT) and sensitive (DS) genotypes to progressive drought based on transcriptome, biochemical and physio-anatomical characterizations. Results indicated that under severe stress, DT relied on a well-functioning taproot while DS displayed a disintegrated root due to collapsed cortical cells. This was attributed to a higher accumulation of osmoprotectants and strong activity of antioxidant enzymes especially peroxidases in DT...
August 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819006/increased-tissue-oxygenation-explains-the-attenuation-of-hyperaemia-upon-repetitive-pneumatic-compression-of-the-lower-leg
#11
Alessandro Messere, Gianluca Ceravolo, Walter Franco, Daniela Maffiodo, Carlo Ferraresi, Silvestro Roatta
Aim The rapid hyperaemia evoked by muscle compression is short-lived and was recently shown to undergo a rapid decrease even in spite of continuing mechanical stimulation. The present study aims at investigating the mechanisms underlying this attenuation which include local metabolic mechanisms, desensitization of mechano-sensitive pathways, and reduced efficacy of the muscle pump. Methods In 10 healthy subjects short sequences of mechanical compressions (n=3-6; 150 mmHg) of the lower leg were delivered at different inter-stimulus intervals (ranging from 20 to 160 s) through a customized pneumatic device...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802262/small-noncoding-rna-expression-during-extreme-anoxia-tolerance-of-annual-killifish-austrofundulus-limnaeus-embryos
#12
Claire Louise Riggs, Jason E Podrabsky
Small noncoding RNAs (sncRNA) have recently emerged as specific and rapid regulators of gene expression, involved in a myriad of cellular and organismal processes. MicroRNAs, a class of sncRNAs, are differentially expressed in diverse taxa in response to environmental stress, including anoxia. In most vertebrates, a brief period of oxygen deprivation results in severe tissue damage or death. Studies on sncRNA and anoxia have focused on these anoxia-sensitive species. Studying sncRNAs in anoxia-tolerant organisms may provide insight into adaptive mechanisms supporting anoxia tolerance...
August 11, 2017: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28772060/methanotroph-derived-bacteriohopanepolyol-bhp-signatures-as-a-function-of-temperature-related-growth-survival-cell-death-and-preservation-in-the-geological-record
#13
Kate A Osborne, Neil D Gray, Angela Sherry, Peter Leary, Obioma Mejeha, Juliane Bischoff, Darci Rush, Frances R Sidgwick, Daniel Birgel, Marina G Kalyuzhnaya, Helen M Talbot
Interpretation of bacteriohopanepolyol (BHP) biomarkers tracing microbiological processes in modern and ancient sediments relies on understanding environmental controls of production and preservation. BHPs from methanotrophs (35-aminoBHPs) were studied in methane-amended aerobic river-sediment incubations at different temperatures. It was found that: 1. With increasing temperature (4-40°C) a tenfold increase in aminopentol (associated with Crenothrix and Methylobacter spp. growth) occurred with only marginal increases in aminotriol and aminotetrol; 2...
August 3, 2017: Environmental Microbiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747176/comparative-rna-seq-based-transcriptome-profiling-of-waterlogging-response-in-cucumber-hypocotyls-reveals-novel-insights-into-the-de-novo-adventitious-root-primordia-initiation
#14
Xuewen Xu, Minyang Chen, Jing Ji, Qiang Xu, Xiaohua Qi, Xuehao Chen
BACKGROUND: Waterlogging is a serious abiotic stress to plant growth because it results in the decline in the supplement of oxygen to submerged tissues. Although cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.) is sensitive to waterlogging, its ability to generate adventitious roots (ARs) facilitates gas diffusion and increases plant survival when the oxygen concentration is decreased. To gain a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms that enable de novo AR primordia emergence upon waterlogging, the RNA sequencing-based transcriptomic responses of two contrasting cucumber genotypes, Zaoer-N (waterlogging tolerant) and Pepino (waterlogging sensitive), which differed in their abilities to form AR were compared...
July 26, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743614/sustainable-pollutant-removal-by-periphytic-biofilm-via-microbial-composition-shifts-induced-by-uneven-distribution-of-ceo2-nanoparticles
#15
Jun Tang, Ningyuan Zhu, Yan Zhu, Seyed Morteza Zamir, Yonghong Wu
The responses of periphytic biofilm to CeO2 nanoparticle (CNP) exposure were explored by investigating community shifts and pollutant removal. Results showed that CNPs entered the sensitive microbial cells in the periphytic biofilm, leading to cytomembrane damage and intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation. The periphytic biofilm communities were, however, able to adapt to the prolonged exposure and maintain their pollutant removal (i.e., phosphorus, nitrogen and copper, organic matter) performance...
July 14, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737080/sbr-treatment-of-tank-truck-cleaning-wastewater-sludge-characteristics-chemical-and-ecotoxicological-effluent-quality
#16
Michel Caluwé, Thomas Dobbeleers, Dominique Daens, Luc Geuens, Ronny Blust, Jan Dries
A lab scale activated sludge sequencing batch reactor (SBR) was used to treat tank truck cleaning (TTC) wastewater with different operational strategies (identified as different stages). The first stage was an adaptation period for the seed sludge that originated from a continuous fed industrial plant treating TTC wastewater. The first stage was followed by a dynamic reactor operation based on the oxygen uptake rate (OUR). Thirdly, dynamic SBR control based on OUR treated a daily changing influent. Lastly, the reactor was operated with a gradually shortened fixed cycle...
July 24, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736310/non-bold-contrast-for-laminar-fmri-in-humans-cbf-cbv-and-cmro2
#17
REVIEW
Laurentius Huber, Kâmil Uludağ, Harald E Möller
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) using the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) contrast indirectly probes neuronal activity changes via evoked cerebral blood flow (CBF), cerebral blood volume (CBV) and cerebral metabolic rate of oxygen (CMRO2) changes. The gradient-echo BOLD signal is mostly sensitive to ascending veins in the tissue and to pial veins. Thereby, the achievable spatial specificity to neuronal activation is limited. Furthermore, the non-linear interaction of CBF, CBV and CMRO2 can hamper quantitative interpretations of the BOLD signal across cortical depths with different baseline physiology...
July 20, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722699/added-value-of-parotid-r2-values-for-evaluation-of-sj%C3%A3-gren-syndrome-a-preliminary-study
#18
Chen Chu, Nan Zhou, Huayong Zhang, Xin Dou, Ming Li, Song Liu, Jie Wang, Weibo Chen, Queenie Chan, Lingyun Sun, Jian He, Zhengyang Zhou
OBJECTIVE: To explore the application of parotid R2* values for evaluating Sjögren syndrome (SS). METHODS: Twenty-four consecutive SS patients and 24 sex-matched and age-matched healthy volunteers underwent bilateral parotid 3.0 T magnetic resonance (MR) imaging, including blood oxygenation level dependent sequence. Parotid R2* values of SS patients and volunteers were compared. A receiver operating characteristic analysis was used to evaluate the diagnostic performance of parotid R2* value alone and in combination with MR nodular grade...
July 2017: Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716407/overexpression-of-lsi1-in-cold-sensitive-rice-mediates-transcriptional-regulatory-networks-and-enhances-resistance-to-chilling-stress
#19
Changxun Fang, Pengli Zhang, Xin Jian, Weisi Chen, Hongmei Lin, Yingzhe Li, Wenxiong Lin
Frequent cold spells in late spring can damage early rice seedlings. However, overexpression of the silicon-uptake gene Lsi1 (Lsi1-OX) in cold-sensitive rice (Oryza sativa L., accession: Dular) notably enhances its chilling resistance. In this study, we found that continual chilling led to chlorophyll and RNA degradation in wild-type Dular leaves, whereas leaves from a Lsi1-OX line exhibited no obvious changes. A comparison of the global mRNA expression between the two rice lines showed that genes encoding photosynthesis-antenna proteins were downregulated and those encoding the proteasome were upregulated in the wild-type organism...
September 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696584/size-effect-on-the-cytotoxicity-of-layered-black-phosphorus-and-underlying-mechanisms
#20
Xuejiao Zhang, Ziming Zhang, Siyu Zhang, Dengyu Li, Wei Ma, ChuanXin Ma, Fengchang Wu, Qing Zhao, Qingfeng Yan, Baoshan Xing
A systematic cytotoxicity study of layered black phosphorus (BP) is urgently needed before moving forward to its potential biomedical applications. Herein, bulk BP crystals are synthesized and exfoliated into layered BP with different lateral size and thickness. The cytotoxicity of as-exfoliated layered BP is evaluated by a label-free real-time cell analysis technique, displaying a concentration-, size-, and cell type-dependent response. The IC50 values can vary by 40 and 30 times among the BP sizes and cell types, respectively...
August 2017: Small
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