keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Weight gain

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944937/individual-development-and-potential-determinants-of-excess-weight-in-children-and-adolescents-a-longitudinal-study
#1
Alexandra Papandreou, Matthias Bopp, Julia Braun, Kaspar Staub, David Faeh
OBJECTIVES: Excess body weight is a major public health concern already at a young age. The aim of this study was to track weight status among pupils aged 6-14 years in the City of Zurich, to examine the association between sociodemographic and environmental factors and excess weight at school entry and excess weight gain thereafter. DESIGN: Longitudinal study. SETTING: Data were from the medical examinations routinely performed at public schools in Zurich, the largest city in Switzerland...
September 25, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944718/obesity-is-associated-with-altered-mid-insula-functional-connectivity-to-limbic-regions-underlying-appetitive-responses-to-foods
#2
Jason A Avery, Joshua N Powell, Florence J Breslin, Rebecca J Lepping, Laura E Martin, Trisha M Patrician, Joseph E Donnelly, Cary R Savage, W Kyle Simmons
Obesity is fundamentally a disorder of energy balance. In obese individuals, more energy is consumed than is expended, leading to excessive weight gain through the accumulation of adipose tissue. Complications arising from obesity, including cardiovascular disease, elevated peripheral inflammation, and the development of Type II diabetes, make obesity one of the leading preventable causes of morbidity and mortality. Thus, it is of paramount importance to both individual and public health that we understand the neural circuitry underlying the behavioral regulation of energy balance...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944436/correlation-between-production-performance-and-feeding-behavior-of-steers-on-pasture-during-the-rainy-dry-transition-period
#3
Rita K C Brandão, Gleidson G P de Carvalho, Robério R Silva, Daniel L S Dias, Fabrício B L Mendes, Túlio O J D'A Lins, Maria M S Pereira, Joanderson O Guimarães, Manuela S L Tosto, Luana M de A Rufino, Maria L G M L de Araujo
The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between production performance and feeding behavior of steers reared on pasture during the rainy-dry transition period. Twenty-two ½ Holstein-Zebu crossbred steers at an average age of 10 months and with an average initial body weight of 234.5 ± 16.0 kg were distributed in a completely randomized design with two types of supplementation and eleven replications. Pearson's linear correlation analysis was performed between behavioral variables and weight gain and feed conversion...
September 24, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944079/quantitative-systems-biology-to-decipher-design-principles-of-a-dynamic-cell-cycle-network-the-maximum-allowable-mammalian-trade-off-weight-mamtow
#4
REVIEW
Matteo Barberis, Paul Verbruggen
Network complexity is required to lend cellular processes flexibility to respond timely to a variety of dynamic signals, while simultaneously warranting robustness to protect cellular integrity against perturbations. The cell cycle serves as a paradigm for such processes; it maintains its frequency and temporal structure (although these may differ among cell types) under the former, but accelerates under the latter. Cell cycle molecules act together in time and in different cellular compartments to execute cell type-specific programs...
2017: NPJ Systems Biology and Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944069/weight-regain-after-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-has-a-large-negative-impact-on-the-bariatric-quality-of-life-index
#5
Pichamol Jirapinyo, Barham K Abu Dayyeh, Christopher C Thompson
BACKGROUND: Despite initial successful weight loss, some patients may experience weight regain following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of weight regain on bariatric patients' quality of life (QoL). METHODS: This was a prospective cross-sectional study. Fifty-six consecutive RYGB patients were recruited and divided into weight-regain and weight-stable cohorts. QoL was assessed using the Bariatric Quality of Life (BQL) questionnaire...
2017: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943435/lncrna-gm15290-sponges-mir-27b-to-promote-ppar%C3%AE-induced-fat-deposition-and-contribute-to-body-weight-gain-in-mice
#6
Weihua Liu, Chunli Ma, Bin Yang, Chunyan Yin, Beining Zhang, Yanfeng Xiao
We found that Gm15290 was one of the most upregulated lncRNAs in the adipose of ob/ob mice through lncRNA microarray analysis. Then, manipulations of overexpression and silencing in mouse primary adipocytes showed that Gm15290 positively regulated adipogenesis, manifested by increasing lipid deposition and upregulating adipogenic genes including PPARγ, C/EBPα, and aP2. However, overexpression of mutant Gm15290 (at the binding site of miR-27c) did not have an promoting effect on adipogenesis. Additionally, Gm15290 was found to potentially interact with miR-27b that had been identified as a PPARγ targeting miRNA, and we verified their interaction by luciferase activity and RNA pull down assays...
September 21, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943398/cold-sensing-trpm8-channel-participates-in-circadian-control-of-the-brown-adipose-tissue
#7
Maria Nathália Moraes, Leonardo Vinicius Monteiro de Assis, Felipe Dos Santos Henriques, Miguel Luiz Batista Junior, Ali D Güler, Ana Maria de Lauro Castrucci
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are known to regulate energy metabolism, and TRPM8 has become an interesting player in this context. Here we demonstrate the role of the cold sensor TRPM8 in the regulation of clock gene and clock controlled genes in brown adipose tissue (BAT). We investigated TrpM8 temporal profile in the eyes, suprachiasmatic nucleus and BAT; only BAT showed temporal variation of TrpM8 transcripts. Eyes from mice lacking TRPM8 lost the temporal profile of Per1 in LD cycle. This alteration in the ocular circadian physiology may explain the delay in the onset of locomotor activity in response to light pulse, as compared to wild type animals (WT)...
September 21, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943158/dynamics-of-nutritional-competence-in-the-last-year-before-death-in-a-large-cohort-of-us-hemodialysis-patients
#8
Xiaoling Ye, Marijke J E Dekker, Franklin W Maddux, Peter Kotanko, Constantijn J A M Konings, Jochen G Raimann, Frank M van der Sande, Len A Usvyat, Jeroen P Kooman, Stephan Thijssen
OBJECTIVES: Recently, a new Nutritional Competence Score (NCS) has been shown to associate with hospitalization and outcome in hemodialysis patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the dynamics, the individual components, and the impact of hospitalizations of this score's trajectory in the year before death. In addition, we investigated whether dynamics in the NCS add additional independent prognostic value over a single cross-sectional assessment. DESIGN: We included all Fresenius Medical Care North America patients who initiated hemodialysis between January 1, 2006, and December 31, 2011 with data on all 5 NCS components (serum albumin, creatinine, phosphate, equilibrated normalized protein catabolic rate, and interdialytic weight gain) in at least 1 month...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942807/a-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial-of-metformin-for-the-treatment-of-overweight-induced-by-antipsychotic-medication-in-young-people-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-open-label-extension
#9
Benjamin L Handen, Evdokia Anagnostou, Michael G Aman, Kevin B Sanders, James Chan, Jill A Hollway, Jessica Brian, L Eugene Arnold, Lucia Capano, Craig Williams, Jessica A Hellings, Eric Butter, Deepali Mankad, Rameshwari Tumuluru, Jessica Kettel, Cassandra R Newsom, Naomi Peleg, Dina Odrobina, Sarah McAuliffe-Bellin, Sarah Marler, Taylor Wong, Alexis Wagner, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Eric A Macklin, Jeremy Veenstra-VanderWeele
OBJECTIVE: A previous study reported on a 16-week placebo-controlled, randomized clinical trial (RCT) of metformin for weight stabilization in 61 children and adolescents 6 to 17 years old with autism spectrum disorder who were prescribed atypical antipsychotics. The present study describes the results of a 16-week open-label extension. METHOD: Fifty-two participants from the acute trial (85%) entered the extension; 22 had been on metformin during the initial RCT and 30 had been on placebo...
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942801/antipsychotic-induced-weight-gain-and-metformin
#10
EDITORIAL
John T Walkup, Elizabeth Cottingham
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942570/replacement-of-tifton-hay-by-spineless-cactus-in-girolando-post-weaned-heifers%C3%A2-diets
#11
Leonardo José Assis de Barros, Marcelo de Andrade Ferreira, Julio César Vieira de Oliveira, Djalma Cordeiro Dos Santos, Juana Catarina Cariri Chagas, Adryanne Marjorie Souza Vitor Alves, Aghata Elins Moreira da Silva, Wandemberg Rocha Freitas
This study aims to evaluate the effect of the Tifton 85 hay (Cynodon dactylon L. Pers) replacement by Orelha de Elefante Mexicana spineless cactus (Opuntia stricta [Haw.] Haw) on the nutrient intake and digestibility, growth performance, microbial protein synthesis, and efficiency of dietary nitrogen compound utilization in the diets of Girolando heifers. Twenty-four (3.5 months and 100 kg ± 3.5 kg) Girolando heifers (5/8 Holstein x Gyr) were used and arranged in a completely randomized design. Dry matter, organic matter, crude protein, and neutral detergent fiber decreased linearly as a function of the levels of Tifton hay (TH) replacement by Orelha de Elefante Mexicana spineless cactus (OEM)...
September 23, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942443/a-novel-role-of-sirt1-fgf-21-in-taurine-protection-against-cafeteria-diet-induced-steatohepatitis-in-rats
#12
Azza H Abd Elwahab, Basma K Ramadan, Mona F Schaalan, Amina M Tolba
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the alarmingly rising clinical problems in the 21st century with no effective drug treatment until now. Taurine is an essential amino acid in humans that proved efficacy as a non-pharmacological therapy in a plethora of diseases; however, its impact on NAFLD remains elusive. The aim of the current study is to evaluate the protective mechanism of taurine in experimental steatohepatitis induced by junk food given as cafeteria-diet (CAF-D) in male albino rats...
September 22, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942280/nitrate-induces-a-type-1-diabetic-profile-in-alligator-hatchlings
#13
Thea M Edwards, Heather J Hamlin, Haley Freymiller, Stephen Green, Jenna Thurman, Louis J Guillette
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects 1 in 300 children by age 18. T1D is caused by inflammation-induced loss of insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells, leading to high blood glucose and a host of downstream complications. Although multiple genes are associated with T1D risk, only 5% of genetically susceptible individuals actually develop clinical disease. Moreover, a growing number of T1D cases occur in geographic clusters and among children with low risk genotypes. These observations suggest that environmental factors contribute to T1D etiology...
September 21, 2017: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942217/risperidone-versus-olanzapine-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-participating-in-supported-employment-eighteen-month-outcomes
#14
Douglas L Noordsy, Shirley M Glynn, Catherine A Sugar, Christopher D O'Keefe, Stephen R Marder
This study compares the efficacy and tolerability of olanzapine versus risperidone among patients with schizophrenia who are established in outpatient psychiatric care and entering supported employment. A multicenter, randomized, double-blind trial was conducted among 107 outpatients with schizophrenia, who were cross-titrated to flexible dose risperidone or olanzapine over 2 weeks. Clinical endpoints included time to hospitalization and persistence on assigned medication. Weight, laboratory tests, psychopathology, neurologic side effects, social adjustment and role functioning were assessed at 3-6 month intervals...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942206/racial-residential-segregation-and-adverse-birth-outcomes-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
REVIEW
Renee Mehra, Lisa M Boyd, Jeannette R Ickovics
RATIONALE: Persistent racial disparities in adverse birth outcomes are not fully explained by individual-level risk factors. Racial residential segregation-degree to which two or more groups live apart from one another-may contribute to the etiology of these birth outcome disparities. Our aim was to assess associations between segregation and adverse birth outcomes by race. This review focused on formal measures of segregation, using Massey and Denton's framework (1998) that identifies five distinct operationalizations of segregation, in addition to proxy measures of segregation such as racial composition, in order to gain a deeper understanding of the operationalizations of segregation most salient for birth outcomes...
September 11, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941621/safety-and-efficacy-of-a-mycoplasma-gallisepticum-oppd-knockout-mutant-as-a-vaccine-candidate
#16
Chi-Wen Tseng, Chien-Ju Chiu, Anna Kanci, Amir H Noormohammadi, Glenn F Browning, Philip F Markham
Control of the important poultry pathogen Mycoplasma gallisepticum is highly dependent on safe and efficacious attenuated vaccines. In order to assess a novel vaccine candidate we evaluated the safety and efficacy of the M. gallisepticum mutant 26-1. The oppD1 gene in this mutant has been interrupted by a signature-tagged transposon and previous studies have shown that it can colonise the respiratory tract of chickens without inducing significant disease. The capacity of the oppD1 mutant to induce protective immunity in the respiratory tract after vaccination by eye-drop was assessed by challenging vaccinated birds with an aerosol of the virulent M...
September 20, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940996/change-in-alcohol-intake-in-relation-to-weight-change-in-a-cohort-of-us-men-with-24-years-of-follow-up
#17
Mary Kathryn Downer, Monica L Bertoia, Ken J Mukamal, Eric B Rimm, Meir J Stampfer
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to prospectively investigate the potential effects of alcohol by subtype on reported long-term weight change. METHODS: This study examined changes in alcohol intake (total, wine, light beer, regular beer, and liquor) and simultaneous changes in reported body weight within 4-year periods from 1986 to 2010 from US men in the Health Professionals Follow-Up Study. The study adjusted for age, changes in lifestyle and dietary covariates, and cardiovascular risk factors...
September 20, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940691/long-term-follow-up-on-patients-treated-for-abdominal-fat-using-a-selective-contactless-radiofrequency-device
#18
Klaus Fritz, Carmen Salavastru
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate how abdominal circumferential reduction achieved after using a noninvasive radiofrequency device (BTL Vanquish, BTL Industries Inc., Boston, MA) evolves over a 4-year period. METHODS: This is a follow-up on patients who were treated in our practice for abdominal fat in an earlier published multicenter prospective study. Patients were recalled for biometric data collection 4 years (±60 days) after the last treatment...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940684/the-cold-hard-facts-seasonal-variation-in-outcomes-after-kidney-transplantation
#19
Wai H Lim, Germaine Wong
Seasonal variation in the incidence and cardiovascular disease complications in the general population has been well documented (1) . According to analysis of data from the United States Renal Data System (USRDS) of all prevalent end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) patients between 2000 and 2013, the transition to ESKD (i.e. initiation of renal replacement therapy) and the incidence of all-cause and cause-specific mortality in patients with ESKD were highest during winter months (particularly January) compared to summer months, suggesting the possibility of season-specific precipitants during winter months contributing to adverse outcomes in both the general population and in patients with ESKD (2) ...
September 22, 2017: Transplant International: Official Journal of the European Society for Organ Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940452/template-for-using-biological-trait-groupings-when-exploring-large-scale-variation-in-seafloor-multifunctionality
#20
Anna Villnäs, Judi Hewitt, Martin Snickars, Mats Westerbom, Alf Norkko
Understanding large-scale spatial variation in ecosystem properties and associated functionality is key for successful conservation of ecosystems. This study provides a template for how to estimate differences in ecosystem functionality over large spatial scales by using groupings of biological traits. We focus on trait groupings that describe three important benthic ecosystem properties, namely bioturbation, community stability and juvenile dispersal. Recognizing that groups of traits interact and are constrained within an organism, we statistically define important functional trait subgroups that describe each ecosystem property...
September 22, 2017: Ecological Applications: a Publication of the Ecological Society of America
keyword
keyword
8317
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"