keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

internal medicine and general surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100383/-hiv-antibody-detection-results-in-patients-seeking-medical-care-in-peking-union-medical-college-hospital-2003-2014
#1
X J Song, Z F Qiu, W Cao, J Xie, Z J Zhang, S X Xu, T S Li
Objective: To better understand the infection status of HIV in the patients seeking medical care in Peking Union Medical College Hospital. Methods: The HIV detection data of the patients in the hospital from 2003-2014 were collected for a statistical analysis with software SPSS 19.0. Results: A total of 715 421 patients were screened, and 1 012 (0.14%) patients were HIV positive, and HIV infection were confirmed in 776 (0.11%) patients by Western Blot testing. The detection rate of HIV infection increased from 0...
January 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068145/comparison-of-patient-health-history-questionnaires-used-in-general-internal-and-family-medicine-integrative-medicine-and-complementary-and-alternative-medicine-clinics
#2
Justin G R Laube, Martin F Shapiro
OBJECTIVES: Health history questionnaires (HHQs) are a set of self-administered questions completed by patients prior to a clinical encounter. Despite widespread use, minimal research has evaluated the content of HHQs used in general internal medicine and family medicine (GIM/FM), integrative medicine, and complementary and alternative medicine (CAM; chiropractic, naturopathic, and Traditional Chinese Medicine [TCM]) clinics. Integrative medicine and CAM claim greater emphasis on well-being than does GIM/FM...
January 9, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062342/barriers-to-medical-compassion-as-a-function-of-experience-and-specialization-psychiatry-pediatrics-internal-medicine-surgery-and-general-practice
#3
Antonio T Fernando, Nathan S Consedine
CONTEXT: Compassion is an expectation of patients, regulatory bodies, and physicians themselves. Most research has, however, studied compassion fatigue rather than compassion itself and has concentrated on the role of the physician. The Transactional Model of Physician Compassion suggests that physician, patient, external environment, and clinical factors are all relevant. Because these factors vary both across different specialties and among physicians with differing degrees of experience, barriers to compassion are also likely to vary...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025611/evidence-and-evidence-gaps-an-introduction
#4
REVIEW
Gabriele Dreier, Jan Löhler
Background: Medical treatment requires the implementation of existing evidence in the decision making process in order to be able to find the best possible diagnostic, therapeutic or prognostic measure for the individual patient based on the physician's own expertise. Clinical trials form the evidence base and ideally, their results are assembled, analyzed, summarized, and made available in systematic review articles. Beside planning, conducting, and evaluating clinical trials in conformity with GCP (good clinical practice), it is essential that all results of conducted studies are publicly available in order to avoid publication bias...
2016: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002644/a-novel-phased-concept-course-for-the-delivery-of-anatomy-and-orthopedics-training-in-medical-education
#5
Stefan Klima, Pierre Hepp, Sabine Löffler, Jon Cornwall, Niels Hammer
Integration of anatomy and clinical teaching is a theoretical ideal, yet there is a worldwide paucity of such amalgamation. These teaching models provide support for medical trainees, an important element in Germany where orthopedic intern numbers have declined and anecdotal evidence suggests disinterest in orthopedics. The aim of the study was to develop an integrated anatomy-surgical course for undergraduate medical training, assess the model developed, and explore how medical students perceive orthopedics as a career...
December 21, 2016: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27935904/determinants-of-postgraduate-students-choices-of-speciality
#6
B Shrestha, Y R Pokhrel, K Butterworth
INTRODUCTION: Postgraduate specialization is perceived as essential for success with high competition for enrolment. The reasons how medical students choose their postgraduate specialty are complex. Understanding the factors that influence career choice helps in workforce planning. So, we tried to identify the specialty preferred by postgraduate students and the factors that influenced these choices in a post graduate institution. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study was conducted in National Academy of Medical Sciences...
January 2016: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913563/-you-can-t-be-a-person-and-a-doctor-the-work-life-balance-of-doctors-in-training-a-qualitative-study
#7
Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin, Katherine Woolf
OBJECTIVES: Investigate the work-life balance of doctors in training in the UK from the perspectives of trainers and trainees. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus groups and interviews with trainees and trainers. SETTING: Postgraduate medical training in London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent, Surrey and Sussex, and Wales during the junior doctor contract dispute at the end of 2015. Part of a larger General Medical Council study about the fairness of postgraduate medical training...
December 2, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907982/learners-perspective-where-and-when-pre-residency-trainees-learn-more-to-achieve-their-core-clinical-competencies
#8
Eusang Ahn, Ducksun Ahn, Young-Mee Lee
PURPOSE: While it is known that effective clinical education requires active involvement of its participants, regular feedback, communication skills and interprofessional training, limited studies have been conducted in Korea that demonstrate how pre-residency trainees acquire their core clinical skills. This is a cross-sectional study of interns and students across a third-tier university hospital in Korea to examine where and when they acquire core clinical skills. METHODS: A total of 74 students and 91 interns were asked to participate in a closed-ended questionnaire, and 50 participants (20 students and 30 interns) were involved in semistructured individual interviews...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888178/perceived-causes-of-differential-attainment-in-uk-postgraduate-medical-training-a-national-qualitative-study
#9
Katherine Woolf, Antonia Rich, Rowena Viney, Sarah Needleman, Ann Griffin
OBJECTIVES: Explore trainee doctors' experiences of postgraduate training and perceptions of fairness in relation to ethnicity and country of primary medical qualification. DESIGN: Qualitative semistructured focus group and interview study. SETTING: Postgraduate training in England (London, Yorkshire and Humber, Kent Surrey and Sussex) and Wales. PARTICIPANTS: 137 participants (96 trainees, 41 trainers) were purposively sampled from a framework comprising: doctors from all stages of training in general practice, medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, psychiatry, radiology, surgery or foundation, in 4 geographical areas, from white and black and minority ethnic (BME) backgrounds, who qualified in the UK and abroad...
November 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852915/levels-of-influence-habituation-and-the-prevalence-of-declared-conflicts-of-interest
#10
REVIEW
Jillian R H Bernstein, George Maliha, Jaimo Ahn, Joseph Bernstein
BACKGROUND: The International Committee of Medical Journal Editors has devised a system of mandatory disclosure, under which authors are required to disclose all conflicts of interest and the sources of support for the submitted research. Because payments from industry to physicians generally are common, it is likely that many authors of medical manuscripts will have information to disclose. As a result, the signal-to-noise ratio of such declarations may be low, thereby undermining the effectiveness of disclosure...
November 16, 2016: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829461/gender-difference-in-preference-of-specialty-as-a-career-choice-among-japanese-medical-students
#11
Ryuichi Kawamoto, Daisuke Ninomiya, Yoshihisa Kasai, Tomo Kusunoki, Nobuyuki Ohtsuka, Teru Kumagi, Masanori Abe
BACKGROUND: In Japan, the absolute deficiency of doctors and maldistribution of doctors by specialty is a significant problem in the Japanese health care system. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors contributing to specialty preference in career choice among Japanese medical students. METHODS: A total of 368 medical students completed the survey giving an 88.2 % response rate. The subjects comprised 141 women aged 21 ± 3 (range, 18-34) years and 227 men aged 22 ± 4 (range, 18-44) years...
November 10, 2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806156/reliability-and-photographic-equivalency-of-the-scar-cosmesis-assessment-and-rating-scar-scale-an-outcome-measure-for-postoperative-scars
#12
Jonathan Kantor
Importance: Until recently, no ideal valid, feasible, and reliable scar scale existed to effectively assess the quality of postoperative linear scars. The Scar Cosmesis Assessment and Rating (SCAR) scale was developed and validated as a tool to assess the quality of postoperative scars in clinical and research settings. Objective: To assess the reliability of using photographs in lieu of live patient scar rating assessments, and to determine the interrater and intrarater reliability of the SCAR scale...
January 1, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769515/-clinical-pharmacy-evaluation-of-physician-s-satisfactions-and-expectations-in-a-french-regional-hospital
#13
P Jennings, A Lotito, H Baysson, E Pineau-Blondel, J Berlioz
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of the study was to evaluate physician's satisfaction with the clinical pharmacy activities in a French regional hospital. METHODS: Data were collected by face-to-face interviews carried out by a public health intern with physicians from 14 different departments of medicine and surgery. A specifically designed questionnaire was used for this study. This contained 18 closed-ended questions, 3 open-ended questions and 6 questions relating to the multidisciplinary analysis of prescriptions of elderly patients...
October 18, 2016: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748802/-corrigendum-weighted-gene-co-expression-network-analysis-of-colorectal-cancer-liver-metastasis-genome-sequencing-data-and-screening-of-anti-metastasis-drugs
#14
Bo Gao, Qin Shao, Hani Choudhry, Victoria Marcus, Kung Dong, Jiannis Ragoussis, Zu-Hua Gao
After the publication of the article, the authors noted that the affiliation for Dr Hani Choudhry is wrong. The correct affiliation should be as follows: Bo Gao1, Qin Shao2, Hani Choudhry3, Victoria Marcus2, Kung Dong5, Jiannis Ragoussis4 and Zu-Hua Gao2, 1Department of General Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150001, P.R. China; 2Department of Pathology, The Research Institute of McGill University Health Center, Montreal, Québec H4A 3J1, Canada; 3Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Cancer and Mutagenesis Unit, King Fahd Center for Medical Research, Center of Innovation in Personalized Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia; 4McGill University and Genome Quebec Innovation Centre, Montreal, Québec H3B 1S6, Canada; 5Department of Pathology, Beijing Youan Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing 100069, P...
January 2017: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27743080/outcome-measures-in-clinical-acl-studies-an-analysis-of-highly-cited-level-i-trials
#15
REVIEW
Sufian S Ahmad, Johannes C Meyer, Anna M Krismer, Suhaib S Ahmad, Dimitrios S Evangelopoulos, Sven Hoppe, Sandro Kohl
PURPOSE: Clinical research in the area of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury has shown substantial growth during the last decade. This was accompanied by the establishment of a wide range of outcome measures used to address the demands of clinical studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcome measures reported by highly cited level I trials in ACL research and identify factors influencing citation metrics. METHODS: The database of the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) was utilized to screen journals under the subject categories "Orthopaedics", "Sports Sciences", "Radiology" and "General medicine" for the 50 most cited level I ACL trials based on predefined inclusion criteria...
October 14, 2016: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716548/the-use-of-specialty-training-to-retain-doctors-in-malawi-a-discrete-choice-experiment
#16
Kate L Mandeville, Godwin Ulaya, Mylène Lagarde, Adamson S Muula, Titha Dzowela, Kara Hanson
Emigration has contributed to a shortage of doctors in many sub-Saharan African countries. Specialty training is highly valued by doctors and a potential tool for retention. Yet not all types of training may be valued equally. In the first study to examine preferences for postgraduate training in depth, we carried out a discrete choice experiment as part of a cross-sectional survey of all Malawian doctors within seven years of graduation and not yet in specialty training. Over August 2012 to March 2013, 148 doctors took part out of 153 eligible in Malawi...
November 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709242/-care-differences-in-a%C3%A2-consultation-and-liaison-service
#17
J Valdés-Stauber, S Bachthaler
BACKGROUND: The investigation of the real density of care by a consultation-liaison service (CLS) as a function of patient groups, settings and diagnoses makes sense with respect to a better allocation of resources. OBJECTIVE: Are there differences concerning the density of care by a CLS in a general hospital depending on patient groups and on the psychiatric diagnosis? METHOD: A retrospective (2012-2015) survey of all consultations (n = 7081 corresponding to 4080 patients) was carried out based on the CLS documentation for quality assurance...
October 5, 2016: Der Nervenarzt
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27663909/epidemiology-microbiology-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-candidemia-in-internal-medicine-wards-a-retrospective-study
#18
Noa Eliakim-Raz, Roi Babaoff, Dafna Yahav, Shirly Yanai, Hila Shaked, Jihad Bishara
BACKGROUND: The clinical characteristics of internal medicine ward (IMW) patients with candidemia are unclear. The aim of this study was to define the clinical characteristics of candidemic IMW patients and to study the incidence, species distribution, and outcomes of these patients compared to surgical and intensive care unit (ICU) candidemic patients. METHODS: A retrospective cohort of candidemic patients in IMWs, general surgery wards, and an ICU at Beilinson Hospital during the period 2007-2014 was analyzed...
November 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658464/psychometric-properties-of-the-newly-developed-physician-teaching-self-efficacy-questionnaire-ptsq
#19
Christoph Dybowski, Levente Kriston, Sigrid Harendza
BACKGROUND: High teaching quality and students' corresponding learning progress are the most important indicators of teachers' work performance. Theory and numerous empirical studies indicate that self-efficacy, a person's belief in her or his ability to accomplish a task, is an important predictor of work performance. Accordingly, it can be assumed that teaching self-efficacy also influences teaching performance and students' learning progress with regard to physicians who teach in undergraduate medical education...
2016: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651982/the-influence-of-temperament-and-character-profiles-on-specialty-choice-and-well-being-in-medical-residents
#20
Martin Sievert, Igor Zwir, Kevin M Cloninger, Nigel Lester, Sandor Rozsa, C Robert Cloninger
BACKGROUND: Multiple factors influence the decision to enter a career in medicine and choose a specialty. Previous studies have looked at personality differences in medicine but often were unable to describe the heterogeneity that exists within each specialty. Our study used a person-centered approach to characterize the complex relations between the personality profiles of resident physicians and their choice of specialty. METHODS: 169 resident physicians at a large Midwestern US training hospital completed the Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI) and the Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS)...
2016: PeerJ
keyword
keyword
83168
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"