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Euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900138/physician-assisted-suicide-in-serbia
#1
Božidar Banović, Veljko Turanjanin, Emir Ćorović
Background: Physician-assisted suicide is one of the features with very different legal solutions in the world. In Serbia, physician-assisted suicide is a crime, within a crime of the assisted suicide. The possibility of the legislation of the voluntary active euthanasia may open the door to the decriminalization of the physician-assisted suicide. Methods: Data were obtained from the Clinical Hospital Center in Kragujevac, Republic of Serbia collected during 2015...
April 2018: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29845911/a-life-fulfilled-should-there-be-assisted-suicide-for-those-who-are-done-with-living
#2
Martin Buijsen
The issue of assisted suicide for those with a "fulfilled life" is being hotly debated in the Netherlands. A large number of Dutch people feel that elderly people (i.e., people who have reached the age of 70) with a "fulfilled life" should have access to assisted suicide. Citizens have therefore requested Parliament to expand the existing legislation that governs euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide. The Dutch constitution does not permit national legislation to be incompatible with higher international (human rights) law...
July 2018: Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics: CQ: the International Journal of Healthcare Ethics Committees
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843682/changes-in-attitudes-towards-hastened-death-among-finnish-physicians-over-the-past-sixteen-years
#3
Reetta P Piili, Riina Metsänoja, Heikki Hinkka, Pirkko-Liisa I Kellokumpu-Lehtinen, Juho T Lehto
BACKGROUND: The ethics of hastened death are complex. Studies on physicians' opinions about assisted dying (euthanasia or assisted suicide) exist, but changes in physicians' attitudes towards hastened death in clinical decision-making and the background factors explaining this remain unclear. The aim of this study was to explore the changes in these attitudes among Finnish physicians. METHODS: A questionnaire including hypothetical patient scenarios was sent to 1182 and 1258 Finnish physicians in 1999 and 2015, respectively...
May 30, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767212/commentary-on-at-the-vatican-physicians-debate-euthanasia-and-assisted-suicide
#4
G Richard Holt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767211/at-the-vatican-physicians-debate-euthanasia-and-assisted-suicide
#5
Ramin Walter Parsa-Parsi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754123/psychiatry-trainees-attitudes-towards-euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide
#6
M-I Kontaxaki, K Paplos, M Dasopoulou, V Kontaxakis
We investigated the attitudes towards Euthanasia (EUT) and Physician-Assisted Suicide (PAS) in a sample of Greek Psychiatry trainees (PT), (n=120, mean age 32.01±0.21, male 60.0%) and compared these to those of medical trainees of other specialties (OMT), i.e. internal medicine, surgery, intensive care (n=154, mean age 32.97±1.17, male 57.1%). Most of the responders were for the acceptance of EUT and PAS under some circumstances. More often PT answer "never" in the question regarding the permission to withdraw life-sustaining medical treatment to hasten death, if that requested by a terminally ill patient (p<0...
January 2018: Psychiatrikē, Psychiatriki
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743764/definition-of-terms-used-in-limitation-of-treatment-and-providing-palliative-care-at-the-end-of-life-the-indian-council-of-medical-research-commission-report
#7
Naveen Salins, Roop Gursahani, Roli Mathur, Shivakumar Iyer, Stanley Macaden, Nagesh Simha, Raj Kumar Mani, M R Rajagopal
Background: Indian hospitals, in general, lack policies on the limitation of inappropriate life-sustaining interventions at the end of life. To facilitate discussion, preparation of guidelines and framing of laws, terminologies relating to the treatment limitation, and providing palliative care at the end-of-life care (EOLC) need to be defined and brought up to date. Methodology: This consensus document on terminologies and definitions of terminologies was prepared under the aegis of the Indian Council of Medical Research...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719381/suicide-in-older-adults-current-perspectives
#8
REVIEW
Ismael Conejero, Emilie Olié, Philippe Courtet, Raffaella Calati
Suicidal behavior in older adults (65 years old and over) is a major public health issue in many countries. Suicide rates increase during the life course and are as high as 48.7/100,000 among older white men in the USA. Specific health conditions and stress factors increase the complexity of the explanatory model for suicide in older adults. A PubMed literature search was performed to identify most recent and representative studies on suicide risk factors in older adults. The aim of our narrative review was to provide a critical evaluation of recent findings concerning specific risk factors for suicidal thoughts and behaviors among older people: psychiatric and neurocognitive disorders, social exclusion, bereavement, cognitive impairment, decision making and cognitive inhibition, physical illnesses, and physical and psychological pain...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593337/end-of-life-decision-making-across-cancer-types-results-from-a-nationwide-retrospective-survey-among-treating-physicians
#9
Mariëtte N Verkissen, Dirk Houttekier, Joachim Cohen, Rik Schots, Kenneth Chambaere, Luc Deliens
BACKGROUND: The treatment of advanced cancer often involves potentially life-shortening end-of-life decisions (ELDs). This study aimed to examine the prevalence and characteristics of ELDs in different cancer types. METHODS: A nationwide death certificate study was conducted based on a large random sample of all deaths in Flanders, Belgium, between 1 January and 30 June 2013. All cancer deaths were selected (n = 2392). Attending physicians were sent a questionnaire about ELDs and the preceding decision-making process...
May 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558003/physician-assisted-dying-thoughts-drawn-from-albert-camus-writing
#10
Claudia Bozzaro
Physician-assisted dying (assisted suicide and euthanasia) is currently an intensely discussed topic in several countries. Despite differences in legislation and application, countries with end-of-life laws have similar eligibility criteria for assistance in dying: individuals must be in a hopeless situation and experience unbearable suffering. Hopelessness, as a basic aspect of the human condition, is a central topic in Albert Camus' philosophical work The Myth of Sisyphus, which addresses the question of suicide...
March 20, 2018: Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519256/-discuss-the-relationship-between-physicians-and-pharmacists-in-the-context-of-euthanasia
#11
M A J M Buijsen
Physicians are regularly confronted with pharmacists who refuse to provide euthanasia drugs. They do not always understand that the provision of euthanasia drugs is not a normal professional activity for pharmacists. It is a lot less clear that pharmacists are also allowed to have fundamental objections. In addition, professional standards lack clarity for pharmacists who do not have such objections to the provision of euthanasia drugs. The relationship between physicians and pharmacists in the context of euthanasia presents problems overlooked by researchers of the third evaluation of the Termination of Life on Request and Assisted Suicide (review procedures) Act (WTL)...
2018: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29506512/euthanasia-and-assisted-suicide-for-people-with-an-intellectual-disability-and-or-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-examination-of-nine-relevant-euthanasia-cases-in-the-netherlands-2012-2016
#12
Irene Tuffrey-Wijne, Leopold Curfs, Ilora Finlay, Sheila Hollins
BACKGROUND: Euthanasia and assisted suicide (EAS) have been legally possible in the Netherlands since 2001, provided that statutory due care criteria are met, including: (a) voluntary and well-considered request; (b) unbearable suffering without prospect of improvement; (c) informing the patient; (d) lack of a reasonable alternative; (e) independent second physician's opinion. 'Unbearable suffering' must have a medical basis, either somatic or psychiatric, but there is no requirement of limited life expectancy...
March 5, 2018: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502099/advance-euthanasia-directives-a-controversial-case-and-its-ethical-implications
#13
David Gibbes Miller, Rebecca Dresser, Scott Y H Kim
Authorising euthanasia and assisted suicide with advance euthanasia directives (AEDs) is permitted, yet debated, in the Netherlands. We focus on a recent controversial case in which a Dutch woman with Alzheimer's disease was euthanised based on her AED. A Dutch euthanasia review committee found that the physician performing the euthanasia failed to follow due care requirements for euthanasia and assisted suicide. This case is notable because it is the first case to trigger a criminal investigation since the 2002 Dutch euthanasia law was enacted...
March 3, 2018: Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444208/death-on-demand-an-analysis-of-physician-administered-euthanasia-in-the-netherlands
#14
Robert Preston
Background: Physician-administered euthanasia (PAE) was legalized, along with physician-assisted suicide (PAS), in The Netherlands in 2001. Sources of data: Annual reports of the Dutch Regional Euthanasia Review Committees, the committees' 2015 published Code of Practice and research studies. Areas of agreement: There is a general openness about the practice of PAE/PAS in The Netherlands and an avoidance of misleading euphemisms. The 2001 law also includes arrangements for post-event review of PAE/PAS decisions...
March 1, 2018: British Medical Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212490/attitudes-towards-assisted-suicide-and-euthanasia-among-care-dependent-older-adults-50-in-austria-the-role-of-socio-demographics-religiosity-physical-illness-psychological-distress-and-social-isolation
#15
Erwin Stolz, Hannes Mayerl, Peter Gasser-Steiner, Wolfgang Freidl
BACKGROUND: Care-dependency constitutes an important issue with regard to the approval of end-of-life decisions, yet attitudes towards assisted suicide and euthanasia are understudied among care-dependent older adults. We assessed attitudes towards assisted suicide and euthanasia and tested empirical correlates, including socio-demographics, religiosity, physical illness, psychological distress and social isolation. METHODS: A nationwide cross-sectional survey among older care allowance recipients (50+) in private households in Austria was conducted in 2016...
December 7, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129179/euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide-focus-on-the-data
#16
Malcolm H Parker
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Medical Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074515/euthanasia-and-physician-assisted-suicide-not-meeting-due-care-criteria-in-the-netherlands-a-qualitative-review-of-review-committee-judgements
#17
David Gibbes Miller, Scott Y H Kim
ObjectivesTo assess how Dutch regional euthanasia review committees (RTE) apply the euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide (EAS) due care criteria in cases where the criteria are judged not to have been met ('due care not met' (DCNM)) and to evaluate how the criteria function to set limits in Dutch EAS practice. DESIGN: A qualitative review using directed content analysis of DCNM cases in the Netherlands from 2012 to 2016 published on the RTE website (https://www.euthanasiecommissie...
October 25, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052454/surgical-ethics-today-and-tomorrow
#18
Robert M Sade, Minoo N Kavarana
Ethical behavior has always been deeply ingrained in surgical culture, but ethical deliberation has only recently become an important component of cardiac surgical practice. In our earlier review, we covered a range of issues including several related to informed consent, conflict of interest, professional self-regulation and innovation, among many others. This update covers several topics of interest to cardiac surgeons and cardiologists, focusing on controversial issues specific to the practice of cardiothoracic surgery: informed consent, relations with hospitals and euthanasia and physician-assisted suicide...
October 20, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983787/morally-relevant-similarities-and-differences-between-assisted-dying-practices-in-paradigm-and-non-paradigm-circumstances-could-they-inform-regulatory-decisions
#19
Jeffrey Kirby
There has been contentious debate over the years about whether there are morally relevant similarities and differences between the three practices of continuous deep sedation until death, physician-assisted suicide, and voluntary euthanasia. Surprisingly little academic attention has been paid to a comparison of the uses of these practices in the two types of circumstances in which they are typically performed. A comparative domains of ethics analysis methodological approach is used in the paper to compare 1) the use of the three practices in paradigm circumstances, and 2) the use of the practices in paradigm circumstances to their use in non-paradigm circumstances...
December 2017: Journal of Bioethical Inquiry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910992/physician-assisted-suicide-a-clean-bill-of-health
#20
REVIEW
Robert Preston
Background: Physician-assisted suicide (PAS) laws have been enacted in five US States and, along with physician-administered euthanasia, in Canada and the Netherlands. Sources of data: Annual reports of the Oregon Health Authority and published research papers. Areas of agreement: Not all recipients of lethal drugs use them to end their lives. Improvements in palliative care provision. Areas of controversy: Rising numbers of deaths from PAS...
September 1, 2017: British Medical Bulletin
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