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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29906789/new-and-noteworthy-in-tuberculosis-diagnostics-and-treatment
#1
Susan Swindells
People with HIV infection with latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI) are at a 10-fold greater risk of developing active disease. Interferon gamma release assays and tuberculin skin testing have approximately 65% to 70% specificity for diagnosing LTBI in HIV-infected patients. LTBI can be successfully treated with isoniazid preventive therapy and early antiretroviral therapy (ART). Rapid molecular diagnostics have approximately 88% sensitivity and 98% specificity for identifying active TB. ART should be started early in patients with TB...
June 2018: Topics in Antiviral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29884155/self-directed-learning-readiness-of-indian-medical-students-a-mixed-method-study
#2
Kalyani Premkumar, Elizabeth Vinod, Solomon Sathishkumar, Anna B Pulimood, Valerie Umaefulam, P Prasanna Samuel, Tara A John
BACKGROUND: Self-directed learning (SDL) is defined as learning on one's own initiative, with the learner having primary responsibility for planning, implementing, and evaluating the effort. Medical education institutions promote SDL, since physicians need to be self-directed learners to maintain lifelong learning in the ever-changing world of medicine and to obtain essential knowledge for professional growth. The purpose of the study was to measure the self-directed learning readiness of medical students across the training years, to determine the perceptions of students and faculty on factors that promote and deter SDL and to identify the role of culture and curriculum on SDL at the Christian Medical College, Vellore, India...
June 8, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871373/response-to-cervical-medial-branch-blocks-in-patients-with-cervicogenic-vertigo
#3
Tim Hahn, Marc-Eric Halatsch, Christian Wirtz, Stephan Klessinger
BACKGROUND: Among the various causes of vertigo, the so-called cervicogenic vertigo (CV) has been the most controversial. However, perturbations of proprioceptive signals and abnormal activity of the cervical afferents can induce vertigo. Medial branch blocks (MBBs) are a diagnostic tool designed to test whether a patient's neck pain is mediated by one or more of the medial branches of the dorsal rami of the spinal nerve. It is unknown whether MBBs are also suitable for testing symptoms other than pain...
May 2018: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869003/biography-george-a-fielding-mbbs-fracs-frcs-eng-frcs-glas-hon
#4
EDITORIAL
George A Fielding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 4, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786028/evaluation-of-a-distance-learning-academic-support-program-for-medical-graduates-during-rural-hospital-service-in-india
#5
Rashmi Vyas, Anand Zachariah, Isobel Swamidasan, Priya Doris, Ilene Harris
Background: Christian Medical College (CMC), Vellore, India, a tertiary care hospital, designed a year-long Fellowship in Secondary Hospital Medicine (FSHM) for CMC graduates, with the aim to support them during rural service and be motivated to consider practicing in these hospitals. The FSHM was a blend of 15 paper-based distance learning modules, 3 contact sessions, community project work, and networking. This paper reports on the evaluation of the FSHM program. Methods: The curriculum development process for the FSHM reflected the six-step approach including problem identification, needs assessment, formulating objectives, selecting educational strategies, implementation, and evaluation...
September 2017: Education for Health: Change in Training & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769495/analyses-of-the-neuroanatomy-portion-of-the-anatomy-question-papers-for-written-summative-assessment-at-the-medical-undergraduate-level-in-bangladesh
#6
M Akter, K M Shamim, N F Amin
Neuroanatomy is a vital part of the undergraduate medical (MBBS) Anatomy curriculum of different universities of Bangladesh. The teaching-learning and assessment of Neuroanatomy have gone through significant changes in current times in various parts of the world. Neuroanatomy textbooks are supposed to be useful reflectors of these changes and of the present inclinations. The importance of an understanding approach towards Neuroanatomy is beyond doubt. Consequently, the contemporary Neuroanatomy books are inclined more towards an understanding approach in their presentation...
April 2018: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765260/attitude-and-perception-of-undergraduate-medical-students-toward-the-problem-based-learning-in-chitwan-medical-college-nepal
#7
Ram Lochan Yadav, Rano Mal Piryani, Gopendra Prasad Deo, Dev Kumar Shah, Laxmi Kumari Yadav, Md Nazrul Islam
Background: Problem-based learning (PBL) was introduced into Basic Medical Sciences early in the 1980s at Tribhuvan University (TU), Nepal, followed by other universities where didactic lecture method was still followed as the main teaching strategy. Despite gaining its popularity worldwide as integrated teaching learning method, PBL is not given importance in Nepal. This study aimed to assess the attitude and perceptions of undergraduate medical students regarding learning outcomes of PBL and to know their views about role and qualities of effective tutors for its successful implementation...
2018: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746451/tobacco-cessation-interventions-and-smoke-free-policies-in-mental-health-and-substance-abuse-treatment-facilities-united-states-2016
#8
Kristy Marynak, Brenna VanFrank, Sonia Tetlow, Margaret Mahoney, Elyse Phillips, Ahmed Jamal Mbbs, Anna Schecter, Doug Tipperman, Stephen Babb
Persons with mental or substance use disorders or both are more than twice as likely to smoke cigarettes as persons without such disorders and are more likely to die from smoking-related illness than from their behavioral health conditions (1,2). However, many persons with behavioral health conditions want to and are able to quit smoking, although they might require more intensive treatment (2,3). Smoking cessation reduces smoking-related disease risk and could improve mental health and drug and alcohol recovery outcomes (1,3,4)...
May 11, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737154/introduction-of-molecular-building-blocks-to-improve-the-stability-of-metal-organic-frameworks-for-efficient-mercury-removal
#9
Shu-Yi Jiang, Wen-Wen He, Shun-Li Li, Zhong-Min Su, Ya-Qian Lan
With expanding human needs, many heavy metals were mined, smelted, processed, and manufactured for commercialization, which caused serious environmental pollutions. Currently, many adsorption materials are applied in the field of adsorption of heavy metals. Among them, the principle of many mercury adsorbents is based on the interaction between mercury and sulfur. Here, a S-containing metal-organic framework NENU-400 was synthesized for effective mercury extraction. Unfortunately, the skeleton of NENU-400 collapsed easily when exposed to the mercury liquid solution...
May 8, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734232/corticosteroid-injections-into-lumbar-facet-joints-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-trial
#10
David J Kennedy, Lisa Huynh, Joe Wong, Ryan Mattie, Josh Levin, Matthew Smuck, Byron J Schneider
BACKGROUND: Corticosteroid injections into the intra-articular (IA) zygapophysial (z-joints) are frequently utilized to treat this cause of low back pain. No studies have been done on the efficacy of IA corticosteroids in those with z-joint pain confirmed by dual comparative medial branch blocks (MBB). OBJECTIVE: To determine if an injection of a corticosteroid into lumbar z-joints is effective in reducing pain and the need for radiofrequency neurotomy (RFN). DESIGN: Double-Blind, prospective, randomized, placebo controlled trial SETTING: Academic Medical Center PATIENTS: 28 subjects with z-joint pain confirmed by MBBs...
May 4, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699954/the-national-medical-commission-more-of-the-same
#11
George Thomas
The Cabinet chaired by the Prime Minister has accepted six amendments to the National Medical Commission Bill suggested by the Department-related Parliamentary Standing Committee (1). These amendments are: the proposed National Licentiate Examination has been replaced by a countrywide final MBBS examination called the National Exit Test (NEXT); the bridge course to train practitioners from AYUSH (Ayurveda, Unani, Siddha and Homeopathy) in modern medicine has been removed, and it has been left to individual states to take a decision about this; the percentage of seats in private medical training institutions under fee regulation has been increased from 40% to 50%; the number of nominees from the states and Union territories who are members of the Commission has been increased from three to six; the penalties for non-compliance with educational norms for colleges has been modified; and the punishment for practising modern medicine without qualification has been made imprisonment up to one year and a fine of Rs 5 lakh...
April 16, 2018: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664865/do-these-crystals-really-sparkle-commentary-on-an-article-by-philip-g-conaghan-mbbs-phd-fracp-frcp-et-al-effects-of-a-single-intra-articular-injection-of-a-microsphere-formulation-of-triamcinolone-acetonide-on-knee-osteoarthritis-pain-a-double-blinded-randomized
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657377/failure-of-postexposure-prophylaxis-in-a-patient-given-rabies-vaccine-intramuscularly-in-the-gluteus-muscle-himachal-pradesh-india
#13
Omesh Kumar Bharti, Vivek Sharma
A 48-year-old male was bitten by a dog on the forehead and on the RIGHT side of left eyebrow on November 26, 2017, at 2 pm. The patient was immediately rushed to a nearby private hospital where an MBBS doctor gave him immediate wound wash with soap and water and prescribed five doses of rabies vaccine intramuscularly (IM). Since the patient weight was 60 kg, he was also prescribed 2400 IU of equine rabies immunoglobulin (ERIG), but as eRIG was not available, it was not administered. All the four doses of rabies vaccine were given IM in gluteus muscle...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643904/assessment-of-collaborative-problem-solving-skills-in-undergraduate-medical-students-at-ziauddin-college-of-medicine-karachi
#14
Arsalan Manzoor Mughal, Sirajul Haque Shaikh
Objective: Collaborative Problem Solving Empirical Progressions from the Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills (ATC21S) framework were used to determine the level of collaborative problem solving skills (CPS) in first, second and third year MBBS students at Ziauddin College of Medicine during Problem-Based Learning (PBL) sessions. Variations based on gender and roles were studied. Methods: It is an analytical comparative cross-sectional study in which seven PBL groups were selected per year by non-probability convenient sampling...
January 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629384/knowledge-attitudes-and-barriers-toward-research-the-perspectives-of-undergraduate-medical-and-dental-students
#15
Htoo Htoo Kyaw Soe, Nan Nitra Than, Htay Lwin, Mila Nu Nu Nu Htay, Khine Lynn Phyu, Adinegara Lutfi Abas
CONTEXT: Scientific research not only promotes health and combats diseases of an individual, but also it can strengthen the effectiveness of health systems. Hence, understanding of scientific methods becomes a crucial component in the medical profession. AIMS: This study was conducted to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and barriers toward research among undergraduate medical and dental students. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 295 undergraduate Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) and Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) students from a private medical college in Malaysia...
2018: Journal of Education and Health Promotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627304/low-fidelity-model-making-activity-by-students-a-novel-way-of-learning-concepts-of-neuroanatomy
#16
Shilpi Gupta Dixit, Pushpa Potaliya, S M Nayeemudin, Surajit Ghatak
Teaching and learning anatomy has always been an integral part of medical education. Teaching neuroanatomy has always faced innate and contextual challenges therefore various innovative teaching-learning methods have been devised on the idea of engaging learners in meaningful learning activities through apt guidance, communication among peers and cluster activities. The present study aims at such an innovative method. The study was conducted in practical sessions of first year MBBS at the Institute during second semester...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509626/ever-safer-total-hip-replacements-commentary-on-an-article-by-thomas-partridge-mbbs-mrcs-et-al-ten-year-trends-in-medical-complications-following-540-623-primary-total-hip-replacements-from-a-national-database
#17
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497208/an-innovative-concept-book-guide-for-mbbs-students
#18
Suhas Chandran, M Kishor, Smriti Bhargava, Rohan Jayaram, Ramaswamy Sundararajan, Preethi Prabhu, T S Sathyanarayana Rao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492081/impact-of-network-aided-platforms-as-educational-tools-on-academic-performance-and-attitude-of-pharmacology-students
#19
Aftab Ahmed Khan, Adel Zia Siddiqui, Syed Fareed Mohsin, Mohammed Mahmoud Al Momani, Eraj Humayun Mirza
Objective: This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the impact of learning management system and WhatsApp application as educational tools on students' academic achievement and attitude. Methods: The sample population was the students of six medical colleges of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia attending Medical Pharmacology's semester course in Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) program from September 2016 to January 2017. An exploratory approach was adopted based on a comparison between students exposed to only in-class lectures (Group-N), in-class lectures together with WhatsApp platform to disseminate the lecture slides (Group-W) and students group with in-class lectures facility blended with Learning Management System (LMS) and WhatsApp platform (Group-WL)...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492079/is-political-activism-on-social-media-an-initiator-of-psychological-stress
#20
Aliya Hisam, Iqra Safoor, Nawal Khurshid, Aakash Aslam, Farhan Zaid, Ayesha Muzaffar
Objective: To find out the association of psychological stress with political activism on social networking sites (SNS) in adults. To find association of psychological stress and political activism with age, gender and occupational status. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study of 8 months (Aug 2014 to March 2015) was conducted on young adults between age group of 20-40 years of different universities of Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Closed ended standardized questionnaires (i...
November 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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