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Madhav V Deo
A buzzword in Indian press and amongst the policy makers is that India is short of the WHO recommended doctor to population ratio of 1:1000. The recommendations were formulated to facilitate programs to achieve some of the health related UN-Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). Infections and malnutrition, which can be comfortably handled by a basic MBBS doctor, were the dominant health issues at the time of the formulation of the MDGs. However, all countries worldwide are going through health epidemiological transition and health impact of the non-communicable disorders (NCDs) can be no more ignored even by the low income nations...
October 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Sameh K Elsaidi, Mona H Mohamed, John S Loring, Bernard Peter McGrail, Praveen K Thallapally
The synthetic approaches for fine-tuning the structural properties of coordination polymers or metal organic frameworks have exponentially grown during the last decade. This is due to the control over the properties of the resulting structures such as stability, pore size, pore chemistry and surface area for myriad possible applications. Herein, we present a new class of porous materials called Covalent Coordination Frameworks (CCFs) that were designed and effectively synthesized using a two-step reticular chemistry approach...
October 13, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Neeraj Nagpal
Physicians and Internists in India have tended to brush under the carpet legal issues affecting their profession. Of concern to all Physicians is the judgment in a recent case where the NCDRC has stated that if MD Medicine Physicians write Physician & Cardiologist on their letterhead it is Quackery. What is MD Medicine degree holder in India qualified and trained to treat ? These are issues which need debate and that can only be initiated once we recognize that there is a problem. Either an MD Medicine is a cardiologist or he is not...
February 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
David M Greer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Seminars in Neurology
P Marshall-Brown, F Namboya, G Pollach
STUDY OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to evaluate whether (regarding the Surviving Sepsis Campaign [SSC] guidelines) the training of Malawis scarce medical staff is adequate. Hospitals in Malawi have a severe shortage of human resources and therefore rely heavily on junior staff. Sepsis is a leading cause of admission to hospitals particularly in resource poor countries. It is associated with a high mortality rate. The SSC guidelines have been developed to help frontline staff diagnose and treat patients with sepsis...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
Tarig Osman
BACKGROUND: Inadequately designed curricula and barriers to research have not enabled students to realize the crucial importance of research to clinical practice. Several studies have reported variable results with regards to research training. The aim of this survey was to evaluate research training at a university in Sudan which had provided research training for 17 years. METHODS: A university-based survey design, using a self-administered questionnaire, was conducted among final year medical students who completed 2 years of research training...
September 29, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Sayed E Wahezi, Kyle Silva, Naum Shaparin, Andrew Lederman, Mohammed Emam, Nogah Haramati, Sherry A Downie
BACKGROUND: Headache (HA) is a significant cause of morbidity globally. Despite many available treatment options, HAs that are refractory to conservative management can be challenging to treat. Third occipital nerve (TON) and greater occipital nerve (GON) irritation are potential etiologic agents of primary and cervicogenic HAs that can be targeted using minimally invasive treatment options such as nerve blocks or radiofrequency ablation. However, a substantial number of patients that undergo radiofrequency ablation do not experience pain relief despite a positive diagnostic medial branch block (MBB)...
September 2016: Pain Physician
Afsheen Zafar
Flipped-class teaching has a great potential to replace traditional lectures in medical education. This study was designed to explore attitude of undergraduate medical students from Pakistan towards flipped-class. Five flipped classes were conducted in third year MBBS by a single teacher for a class of 100 students. Quantitative data was collected through a survey questionnaire to assess students' response to the new method. Afocused group discussion was then conducted with students who disliked the method and preferred traditional lectures...
September 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
Aliya Hisam, Mariam Nadeem Rana, Mahmood-Ur-Rahman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and attitude regarding Ebola virus disease (EVD) among medical students of Rawalpindi. METHODS: A descriptive cross sectional study was carried out in a medical college of Rawalpindi from September 2014-November 2014. About 400 students were inducted with 77% (n=308) response rate. After taking informed verbal consent from students and administration, a pre-designed and pre-tested questionnaire was circulated among students of third, fourth and final year MBBS as well as third and fourth year BDS...
July 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
David M Greer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Seminars in Neurology
Rajani Santhakumari Nagothu, Yogananda Reddy Indla, Rajesh Paluru
BACKGROUND: Students who took admission in first year MBBS course used to study physiology, anatomy and biochemistry for one and half years. Since a decade the first year course duration was reduced to one year unaltering the syllabus in the three basic subjects. So students are focusing on the easy ways to clear the university exams by accepting the concise books, which is dampening the real quality of the subject knowledge. This study is aimed at understanding the best methods of physiology teaching in the lecture gallery, from the student's perspective...
July 2016: Indian J Clin Anat Physiol
Luther Agbonyegbeni Agaga, Theresa Adebola John
In Nigeria, medical students are trained in more didactic environments than their counterparts in researchintensive academic medical centers. Their conception of pharmacology was thus sought. Students who are taking/have takenthe medical pharmacology course completed an 18-question survey within 10min by marking one/more choices fromalternatives. Instructions were: "Dear Participant, Please treat as confidential, give your true view, avoid influences, avoidcrosstalk, return survey promptly." Out of 301 students, 188 (62...
2016: Nigerian Journal of Physiological Sciences: Official Publication of the Physiological Society of Nigeria
Parmod Kumar Goyal, Monika Gupta, Jaswinder Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Embalmed cadavers are the primary tool for teaching anatomy. However, difficulties are encountered due to changed color/texture of organs, hardening of tissues, and smell of formaldehyde. To overcome these difficulties, dissections on a fresh human body were shown to the 1(st) year MBBS students, and their perception was noted. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After taking universal precautionary measures, postmortem dissections were shown to students on voluntary donated bodies in the dissection hall, in addition to the traditional teaching on embalmed cadavers...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Rajeev Sharma, Amit Jain, Naveenta Gupta, Sonia Garg, Meenal Batta, Shashi Kant Dhir
CONTEXT: Tutor assessment is sometimes also considered as an exercise of power by the assessor over assesses. Student self-assessment is the process by which the students gather information about and reflect on their own learning and is considered to be a very important component of learning. AIM: The primary objective of this study was to analyze the impact of self-assessment by undergraduate medical students on their subsequent academic performance. The secondary objective was to obtain the perception of students and faculty about self-assessment as a tool for enhanced learning...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Meenakshi Aggarwal, Sonia Singh, Anu Sharma, Poonam Singh, Priya Bansal
INTRODUCTION: Feedback is a divalent bond between the supplier (teacher) and the recipient (student). The strength of the bond depends on the instructional design of the feedback. Feedback is central to medical education in promoting self-directed learning in students. In the present study, a structured verbal feedback module was prepared, implemented, and evaluated. METHODS: The study was done on 280 students from four consecutive batches (2011 to 2014) of the 1(st) year MBBS students exposed to different types and modes of feedback...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Preeti P Yadav, Mayur Chaudhary, Jayshree Patel, Aashal Shah, N D Kantharia
CONTEXT: Over the years with advancement of science and technology, each subject has become highly specialized. Teaching of medical students has still remained separate in various departments with no scope of integration in majority of medical institutes in India. Study was planned to have an experience of integration in institute and sensitize faculty for integrated teaching-learning (TL) method. AIMS: To prepare and test effectiveness of integrated teaching module for 2(nd) year MBBS student in pharmacology and to sensitize and motivate faculties toward advantages of implementing integrated module...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Paragkumar Chavda, Chandresh Pandya, Dipak Solanki, Sonal Dindod
CONTEXT: There is a need to shift from the didactic lecture-based instruction to more student-centered active learning methods for undergraduate teaching in community medicine. AIMS: To compare didactic and modular method of learning on Level 1 and 2 on Kirkpatrick's training evaluation model. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This was a two-arm educational intervention study for a small group of the 2(nd) year MBBS students in their 4(th) semester during clinical posting in the subject of community medicine...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Suhail Ahmad Gilkar, Shabiruddin Lone, Riyaz Ahmad Lone
CONTEXT: Active learning has received considerable attention over the past several years, often presented or perceived as a radical change from traditional instruction methods. Current research on learning indicates that using a variety of teaching strategies in the classroom increases student participation and learning. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: To introduce active learning methodology, i.e., "jigsaw technique" in undergraduate medical education and assess the student and faculty response to it...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Sudha Jasmine Rajan, Tripti Meriel Jacob, Sowmya Sathyendra
BACKGROUND: Development of health professionals with ability to integrate, synthesize, and apply knowledge gained through medical college is greatly hampered by the system of delivery that is compartmentalized and piecemeal. There is a need to integrate basic sciences with clinical teaching to enable application in clinical care. AIM: To study the benefit and acceptance of vertical integration of basic science in final year MBBS undergraduate curriculum. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After Institutional Ethics Clearance, neuroanatomy refresher classes with clinical application to neurological diseases were held as part of the final year posting in two medical units...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
Padmavathi Thenrajan, P Rajavel Murugan
BACKGROUND: Although prescription writing is a part of the medical students' curriculum, their prescribing skills are still poor either as a part of their examinations or as they go out as qualified health professionals which may be due to inadequate training. Educational intervention like patient-based teaching in pharmacology offers lifelike preparation and provides more relevance, easier recall, and help in improving prescribing skills. This study aims to determine the role of patient-based teaching in improving the prescribing skill of II year medical students compared to conventional case-based teaching...
July 2016: International Journal of Applied and Basic Medical Research
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