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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764149/need-for-changes-in-the-practical-physiology-curriculum-of-medical-undergraduates
#1
Rajni Goyal, Rajveer Garg, Puneet Raj Goyal
INTRODUCTION: Physiology is one of the foundation sciences for the medical curriculum. It forms the basis of all life sciences. Physiology practical classes in India are divided into three sections: exercises in haematology, exercises on humans and experiments on amphibians. Faculty and students of medical schools in India are of the opinion that animal experiments should be discontinued, that the curriculum in experimental physiology and pharmacology needs to be updated, that the same understanding of topics could be obtained by using alternative methods and that there is an urgent need to introduce alternatives of animal experiments...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689521/predictive-validity-of-family-medicine-resident-s-performance-at-induction-with-their-future-performance-during-residency
#2
Marie Andrades, Naveed Yousuf, Kiran Abdul Sattar, Samreen Kausar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictive validity of induction assessment scores of family medicine residency program for performance in final year of residency. STUDY DESIGN: Psychometric (predictive-validity) study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: The Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, from 2008 to 2014. METHODOLOGY: All family medicine residents were evaluated. Family Medicine Residency induction assessment scores were used as independent predictor variables, whereas resident assessment scores during the final year residency program were used as dependent or outcome variables...
June 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660983/minimal-edge-transitive-nets-for-the-design-and-construction-of-metal-organic-frameworks
#3
Zhijie Chen, Hao Jiang, Michael O'Keeffe, Mohamed Eddaoudi
Highly-connected and minimal edge-transitive nets (with one or two kinds of edge) can be regarded as ideal blueprints for the rational design and construction of metal-organic frameworks (MOFs). Here we report and affirm the prominence of highly-connected nets as suitable targets in reticular chemistry for the design and synthesis of MOFs. Of special interest are augmented highly-connected binodal edge-transitive nets embedding a unique and precise positioning and connectivity of the net vertex figures, regarded as net-coded building units (net-cBUs)...
June 29, 2017: Faraday Discussions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658804/smartphone-the-new-learning-aid-amongst-medical-students
#4
Monika Y Gavali, Deepak S Khismatrao, Yogesh V Gavali, K B Patil
INTRODUCTION: The use of smartphone is increasing day by day for personal as well as professional purpose. They are becoming a more suitable tool for advancing education in developing countries. Mobile access to information and many applications are successfully harnessed in health care. Smartphones are also becoming popular as an effective educational tool. AIM: The present study was conducted to evaluate the use of smartphones as an educational tool amongst the medical students...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641825/-yours-sincerely-barney-ralph-waters-barindra-sircar-and-the-training-of-an-international-anesthesiologist
#5
Aaron S Hess, Mark E Schroeder
In 1936, Ralph Milton Waters accepted a proposal to train an Indian physician who could return home and become the first native anesthesiologist in the subcontinent. Waters founded the United States' first anesthesiology residency in 1927 and in 1937 welcomed Barindra Sircar, MBBS, to the University of Wisconsin in Madison. Sircar trained with Waters for two years and did further training with Robert Macintosh and Ivan Magill. He became one of the first specialty-trained anesthesiologists in India and founded the Indian Society of Anaesthesiologists...
April 2017: Journal of Anesthesia History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588984/providers-knowledge-of-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tuberculosis-using-vignettes-evidence-from-rural-bihar-india
#6
Manoj Mohanan, Jeremy D Goldhaber-Fiebert, Soledad Giardili, Marcos Vera-Hernández
BACKGROUND: Almost 25% of all new cases of tuberculosis (TB) worldwide are in India, where drug resistance and low quality of care remain key challenges. METHODS: We conducted an observational, cross-sectional study of healthcare providers' knowledge of diagnosis and treatment of TB in rural Bihar, India, from June to September 2012. Using data from vignette-based interviews with 395 most commonly visited healthcare providers in study areas, we scored providers' knowledge and used multivariable regression models to examine their relationship to providers' characteristics...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588157/an-evaluation-of-faculty-wise-teaching-performance-in-a-public-medical-college-of-bangladesh
#7
M K Khan, M R Hassan, S K Saha, M S Basher, S Kabir, A N Naushad
Teaching is a complex and demanding activity that involves Mastery of content, classroom control and techniques of organization and command of teaching skills. Teachers' continuous engagement in learning, skill acquisition and refinement to practice is essential for meeting student learning needs. Medical education is principally centered on the transmission of medical knowledge and assisting medical students to acquire the necessary skills and attitudes associated with medical practice. Evaluation of teaching is important in the teaching-learning process...
April 2017: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578448/topical-corticosteroids-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-of-primary-care-physicians
#8
Sarah F Alsukait, Najd M Alshamlan, Zeina Z Alhalees, Sami N Alsuwaidan, Abdulmajeed M Alajlan
To assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices of primary care physicians (PCPs) toward topical corticosteroids (TCs). Methods: A cross-sectional, 53-item questionnaire based study on TCs was conducted among PCPs in Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between January and March 2015. A maximum score of 30 was calculated for the knowledge portion. Results: Out of 420 PCPs, 336 responded (80%). Most participants (89.6%) reported prescribing TCs. The mean knowledge score was 17.14 (SD=5.48). Only 39% PCPs correctly identified that there are 7 or 4 TCs potency groups (2 different classification systems)...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569545/interview-with-alexander-cohen
#9
Alexander Ander Cohen
Ander Cohen speaks to Adam Price-Evans, Commissioning Editor of Future Cardiology: Alexander (Ander) Cohen MBBS (Hons), MSc, MD, FRACP is a vascular physician and epidemiologist at Guy's and St Thomas' Hospital, King's College (London, UK). He graduated with honors in medicine and honors in surgery from the University of Melbourne, Australia, and became a fellow of the Royal Australasian College of Physicians in 1990. He was awarded an MSc in Epidemiology from the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, University of London in 1991 with a thesis on the metabolic syndrome in South-Asian populations...
June 1, 2017: Future Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507357/effect-of-skill-laboratory-training-on-academic-performance-of-medical-students
#10
Muhammad Alamgir Khan, Faizania Shabbir, Khadija Qamar, Tausif Ahmed Rajput
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of skill lab training on academic performance of final year medical students in terms of marks obtained in long case, short case, objective structured clinical examination and viva. METHODS: The cross-sectional comparative study was conducted at Army Medical College, Rawalpindi from February to April 2015. Two batches of final year MBBS were recruited for the study. Batch 1 received conventional training, and Batch 2 received skill lab training...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472019/robert-d-fraser-am-mbbs-md-fracs-faortha-2017-issls-wiltse-lifetime-achievement-award
#11
David Hall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422871/ultrasound-versus-fluoroscopy-guided-medial-branch-block-for-the-treatment-of-lower-lumbar-facet-joint-pain-a-retrospective-comparative-study
#12
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Seung Hoon Han, Ki Deok Park, Kyoung Rai Cho, Yongbum Park
The aim of this study was to compare the mid-term effects and benefits of ultrasound (US)-guided and fluoroscopy (FL)-guided medial branch blocks (MBBs) for chronic lower lumbar facet joint pain through pain relief, functional improvement, and injection efficiency evaluation.Patients with chronic lumbar facet joint pain who received US (n = 68) or FL-guided MBBs (n = 78) were included in this retrospective study. All procedures were performed under FL or US guidance. Complication frequency, therapeutic effects, functional improvement, and the injection efficiency of MBBs were compared at 1, 3, and 6 months after the last injection...
April 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400638/self-medication-for-acne-among-undergraduate-medical-students
#13
Varshaben Vejabhai Karamata, A M Gandhi, P P Patel, M K Desai
AIMS: This study aims to evaluate the knowledge and pattern of self-medication for acne among undergraduate medical students at a tertiary care teaching hospital. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in II MBBS (Group A), III MBBS Part I (Group B), and III MBBS Part II (Group C) students. Prevalidated questionnaire about knowledge, attitude, and practice of self-medication were administered to participants. Data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance and Chi-square test...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384890/effectiveness-of-video-demonstration-over-conventional-methods-in-teaching-osteology-in-anatomy
#14
Angela A Viswasom, Abraham Jobby
INTRODUCTION: Technology and its applications are the most happening things in the world. So, is it in the field of medical education. This study was an evaluation of whether the conventional methods can compete with the test of technology. AIM: A comparative study of traditional method of teaching osteology in human anatomy with an innovative visual aided method. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted on 94 students admitted to MBBS 2014 to 2015 batch of Travancore Medical College...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367198/effect-of-gender-and-physical-activity-on-internet-addiction-in-medical-students
#15
Muhammad Alamgir Khan, Faizania Shabbir, Tausif Ahmed Rajput
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of gender and physical activity on internet addiction in medical students. METHODS: In this cross sectional, analytical study Young's internet addiction test questionnaire was distributed to 350 MBBS students of Army Medical College, Rawalpindi. The study was conducted from January to May 2015. A dichotomous response from students regarding physical activity was obtained which was verified from the sports department of the institution...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331249/effectiveness-of-mind-mapping-technique-in-information-retrieval-among-medical-college-students-in-puducherry-a-pilot-study
#16
Madhanraj Kalyanasundaram, Sherin Billy Abraham, Divija Ramachandran, Venkatachalam Jayaseelan, Joy Bazroy, Zile Singh, Anil Jacob Purty
BACKGROUND: The traditional teaching learning methods involve a one way process of transmission of knowledge leaving the students lacking behind in creative abilities. Medical schools need to change their teaching strategies to keep the interest of students and empower them for future self- learning and critical thinking. OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of mind mapping technique in information retrieval among medical college students in Puducherry. METHODS: A pilot study was conducted using experimental study design among sixth semester MBBS students (n = 64) at a medical college in Puducherry, India...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316951/oral-health-knowledge-attitude-and-practices-among-dental-and-medical-students-in-eastern-india-a-comparative-study
#17
Harish Kumar, Shyam Sundar Behura, Sujatha Ramachandra, Roquaiya Nishat, Kailash C Dash, Gouse Mohiddin
OBJECTIVES: To compare oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices among dental and medical students in a Health care centre at Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty BDS and MBBS students each from Kalinga Institute of Dental Sciences and Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences of KIIT University, Bhubaneswar respectively, were invited to participate in this survey using a self-administered structured questionnaire in English comprising 27 questions, which was designed to evaluate the oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230314/approaches-to-enhance-the-teaching-quality-of-experimental-biochemistry-for-mbbs-students-in-tsmu-china
#18
Lijuan Yu, Shuying Yi, Jing Zhai, Zhaojin Wang
With the internationalization of medical education in China, the importance of international students' education in medical schools is also increasing. Except foreign students majoring in Chinese language, English Bachelor of Medicine, Bachelor of Surgery (MBSS) students are the largest group of international students. Based on problems in the teaching process for experimental biochemistry, we designed teaching models adapted to the background of international students and strengthened teachers' teaching ability at Taishan Medical University...
July 8, 2017: Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#19
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208882/pbl-trigger-design-by-medical-students-an-effective-active-learning-strategy-outside-the-classroom
#20
Maya Roche, Indira Kakkunje Adiga, Akshatha G Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Problem Based Learning (PBL) is known world over as an effective, active learning strategy with many benefits for the student. Usually, in medical schools, PBL triggers are designed by a well-trained group of faculty from basic and clinical sciences. The challenge was whether this task could be given to students in the first year of their curriculum and be executed by them effectively. AIM: To enhance active learning, comprehension and critical thinking with a view to promote horizontal and vertical integration between subjects...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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