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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907004/in-vitro-variant-surface-antigen-expression-in-plasmodium-falciparum-parasites-from-a-semi-immune-individual-is-not-correlated-with-var-gene-transcription
#1
Ellen Inga Bruske, Sandra Dimonte, Corinna Enderes, Serena Tschan, Matthias Flötenmeyer, Iris Koch, Jürgen Berger, Peter Kremsner, Matthias Frank
Plasmodium falciparum erythrocyte membrane protein 1 (PfEMP1) is considered to be the main variant surface antigen (VSA) of Plasmodium falciparum and is mainly localized on electron-dense knobs in the membrane of the infected erythrocyte. Switches in PfEMP1 expression provide the basis for antigenic variation and are thought to be critical for parasite persistence during chronic infections. Recently, strain transcending anti-PfEMP1 immunity has been shown to develop early in life, challenging the role of PfEMP1 in antigenic variation during chronic infections...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899131/support-for-targeted-sampling-of-red-fox-vulpes-vulpes-feces-in-sweden-a-method-to-improve-the-probability-of-finding-echinococcus-multilocularis
#2
Andrea L Miller, Gert E Olsson, Sofia Sollenberg, Moa Skarin, Helene Wahlström, Johan Höglund
BACKGROUND: Localized concentrations of Echinococcus multilocularis eggs from feces of infected red fox (Vulpes vulpes) can create areas of higher transmission risk for rodent hosts and possibly also for humans; therefore, identification of these areas is important. However, in a low prevalence environment, such as Sweden, these areas could be easily overlooked. As part of a project investigating the role of different rodents in the epidemiology of E. multilocularis in Sweden, fox feces were collected seasonally from rodent trapping sites in two regions with known parasite status and in two regions with unknown parasite status, 2013-2015...
November 29, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889421/production-of-native-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungi-inoculum-under-different-environmental-conditions
#3
Yamir Torres-Arias, Rosalba Ortega Fors, Camila Nobre, Eduardo Furrazola Gómez, Ricardo Luis Louro Berbara
In order to obtain an arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) native inoculum from Sierra de Moa and determine the most appropriate conditions for its big scale production, four light and temperature combinations were tested in three plant species (Calophyllum antillanum, Talipariti elatum and Paspalum notatum). Growth and development parameters, as well as the mycorrhizal functioning of the seedlings were evaluated. The natural light treatment under high temperatures (L-H) was the most suitable for the growth and development of the three plant species, showing the highest total biomass values, mainly of root, and a positive root-shoot ratio balance...
November 8, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864339/development-of-a-platform-to-enable-fully-automated-cross-titration-experiments
#4
Jason Cassaday, Michael Finley, Brian Squadroni, Sylvie Jezequel-Sur, Albert Rauch, Bharti Gajera, Victor Uebele, Jeffrey Hermes, Paul Zuck
In the triage of hits from a high-throughput screening campaign or during the optimization of a lead compound, it is relatively routine to test compounds at multiple concentrations to determine potency and maximal effect. Additional follow-up experiments, such as agonist shift, can be quite valuable in ascertaining compound mechanism of action (MOA). However, these experiments require cross-titration of a test compound with the activating ligand of the receptor requiring 100-200 data points, severely limiting the number tested in MOA assays in a screening triage...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Laboratory Automation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864332/weak-silica-nanomaterial-induced-genotoxicity-can-be-explained-by-indirect-dna-damage-as-shown-by-the-ogg1-modified-comet-assay-and-genomic-analysis
#5
Stefan Pfuhler, Thomas R Downs, Ashley J Allemang, Yuching Shan, Meredith E Crosby
In a previous study, 15-nm silica nanoparticles (NPs) caused small increases in DNA damage in liver as measured in the in vivo comet and micronucleus assays after intravenous administration to rats at their maximum tolerated dose, a worst-case exposure scenario. Histopathological examination supported a particle-induced, tissue damage-mediated inflammatory response. This study used a targeted approach to provide insight into the mode of action (MoA) by examining transcriptional regulation of genes in liver in a time and dose-dependent manner at 1, 2, 4, 8 and 24 h after intravenous administration of 15-nm silica NPs...
November 17, 2016: Mutagenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846423/in-silico-target-prediction-for-elucidating-the-mode-of-action-of-herbicides-including-prospective-validation
#6
Rucha K Chiddarwar, Sebastian G Rohrer, Antje Wolf, Stefan Tresch, Sabrina Wollenhaupt, Andreas Bender
The rapid emergence of pesticide resistance has given rise to a demand for herbicides with new mode of action (MoA). In the agrochemical sector, with the availability of experimental high throughput screening (HTS) data, it is now possible to utilize in silico target prediction methods in the early discovery phase to suggest the MoA of a compound via data mining of bioactivity data. While having been established in the pharmaceutical context, in the agrochemical area this approach poses rather different challenges, as we have found in this work, partially due to different chemistry, but even more so due to different (usually smaller) amounts of data, and different ways of conducting HTS...
November 6, 2016: Journal of Molecular Graphics & Modelling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834993/measurement-of-the-inelastic-proton-proton-cross-section-at-sqrt-s-13%C3%A2-%C3%A2-tev-with-the-atlas-detector-at-the-lhc
#7
M Aaboud, G Aad, B Abbott, J Abdallah, O Abdinov, B Abeloos, R Aben, O S AbouZeid, N L Abraham, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, R Abreu, Y Abulaiti, B S Acharya, L Adamczyk, D L Adams, J Adelman, S Adomeit, T Adye, A A Affolder, T Agatonovic-Jovin, J Agricola, J A Aguilar-Saavedra, S P Ahlen, F Ahmadov, G Aielli, H Akerstedt, T P A Åkesson, A V Akimov, G L Alberghi, J Albert, S Albrand, M J Alconada Verzini, M Aleksa, I N Aleksandrov, C Alexa, G Alexander, T Alexopoulos, M Alhroob, B Ali, M Aliev, G Alimonti, J Alison, S P Alkire, B M M Allbrooke, B W Allen, P P Allport, A Aloisio, A Alonso, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, M Alstaty, B Alvarez Gonzalez, D Álvarez Piqueras, M G Alviggi, B T Amadio, K Amako, Y Amaral Coutinho, C Amelung, D Amidei, S P Amor Dos Santos, A Amorim, S Amoroso, G Amundsen, C Anastopoulos, L S Ancu, N Andari, T Andeen, C F Anders, G Anders, J K Anders, K J Anderson, A Andreazza, V Andrei, S Angelidakis, I Angelozzi, P Anger, A Angerami, F Anghinolfi, A V Anisenkov, N Anjos, A Annovi, C Antel, M Antonelli, A Antonov, F Anulli, M Aoki, L Aperio Bella, G Arabidze, Y Arai, J P Araque, A T H Arce, F A Arduh, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, M Arik, A J Armbruster, L J Armitage, O Arnaez, H Arnold, M Arratia, O Arslan, A Artamonov, G Artoni, S Artz, S Asai, N Asbah, A Ashkenazi, B Åsman, L Asquith, K Assamagan, R Astalos, M Atkinson, N B Atlay, K Augsten, G Avolio, B Axen, M K Ayoub, G Azuelos, M A Baak, A E Baas, M J Baca, H Bachacou, K Bachas, M Backes, M Backhaus, P Bagiacchi, P Bagnaia, Y Bai, J T Baines, O K Baker, E M Baldin, P Balek, T Balestri, F Balli, W K Balunas, E Banas, Sw Banerjee, A A E Bannoura, L Barak, E L Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, T Barillari, M-S Barisits, T Barklow, N Barlow, S L Barnes, B M Barnett, R M Barnett, Z Barnovska, A Baroncelli, G Barone, A J Barr, L Barranco Navarro, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, R Bartoldus, A E Barton, P Bartos, A Basalaev, A Bassalat, R L Bates, S J Batista, J R Batley, M Battaglia, M Bauce, F Bauer, H S Bawa, J B Beacham, M D Beattie, T Beau, P H Beauchemin, P Bechtle, H P Beck, K Becker, M Becker, M Beckingham, C Becot, A J Beddall, A Beddall, V A Bednyakov, M Bedognetti, C P Bee, L J Beemster, T A Beermann, M Begel, J K Behr, C Belanger-Champagne, A S Bell, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, M Bellomo, K Belotskiy, O Beltramello, N L Belyaev, O Benary, D Benchekroun, M Bender, K Bendtz, N Benekos, Y Benhammou, E Benhar Noccioli, J Benitez, D P Benjamin, J R Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, D Berge, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, J Beringer, S Berlendis, N R Bernard, C Bernius, F U Bernlochner, T Berry, P Berta, C Bertella, G Bertoli, F Bertolucci, I A Bertram, C Bertsche, D Bertsche, G J Besjes, O Bessidskaia Bylund, M Bessner, N Besson, C Betancourt, A Bethani, S Bethke, A J Bevan, R M Bianchi, L Bianchini, M Bianco, O Biebel, D Biedermann, R Bielski, N V Biesuz, M Biglietti, J Bilbao De Mendizabal, T R V Billoud, H Bilokon, M Bindi, S Binet, A Bingul, C Bini, S Biondi, T Bisanz, D M Bjergaard, C W Black, J E Black, K M Black, D Blackburn, R E Blair, J-B Blanchard, T Blazek, I Bloch, C Blocker, W Blum, U Blumenschein, S Blunier, G J Bobbink, V S Bobrovnikov, S S Bocchetta, A Bocci, C Bock, M Boehler, D Boerner, J A Bogaerts, D Bogavac, A G Bogdanchikov, C Bohm, V Boisvert, P Bokan, T Bold, A S Boldyrev, M Bomben, M Bona, M Boonekamp, A Borisov, G Borissov, J Bortfeldt, D Bortoletto, V Bortolotto, K Bos, D Boscherini, M Bosman, J D Bossio Sola, J Boudreau, J Bouffard, E V Bouhova-Thacker, D Boumediene, C Bourdarios, S K Boutle, A Boveia, J Boyd, I R Boyko, J Bracinik, A Brandt, G Brandt, O Brandt, U Bratzler, B Brau, J E Brau, H M Braun, W D Breaden Madden, K Brendlinger, A J Brennan, L Brenner, R Brenner, S Bressler, T M Bristow, D Britton, D Britzger, F M Brochu, I Brock, R Brock, G Brooijmans, T Brooks, W K Brooks, J Brosamer, E Brost, J H Broughton, P A Bruckman de Renstrom, D Bruncko, R Bruneliere, A Bruni, G Bruni, L S Bruni, B H Brunt, M Bruschi, N Bruscino, P Bryant, L Bryngemark, T Buanes, Q Buat, P Buchholz, A G Buckley, I A Budagov, F Buehrer, M K Bugge, O Bulekov, D Bullock, H Burckhart, S Burdin, C D Burgard, B Burghgrave, K Burka, S Burke, I Burmeister, J T P Burr, E Busato, D Büscher, V Büscher, P Bussey, J M Butler, C M Buttar, J M Butterworth, P Butti, W Buttinger, A Buzatu, A R Buzykaev, S Cabrera Urbán, D Caforio, V M Cairo, O Cakir, N Calace, P Calafiura, A Calandri, G Calderini, P Calfayan, G Callea, L P Caloba, S Calvente Lopez, D Calvet, S Calvet, T P Calvet, R Camacho Toro, S Camarda, P Camarri, D Cameron, R Caminal Armadans, C Camincher, S Campana, M Campanelli, A Camplani, A Campoverde, V Canale, A Canepa, M Cano Bret, J Cantero, R Cantrill, T Cao, M D M Capeans Garrido, I Caprini, M Caprini, M Capua, R Caputo, R M Carbone, R Cardarelli, F Cardillo, I Carli, T Carli, G Carlino, L Carminati, S Caron, E Carquin, G D Carrillo-Montoya, J R Carter, J Carvalho, D Casadei, M P Casado, M Casolino, D W Casper, E Castaneda-Miranda, R Castelijn, A Castelli, V Castillo Gimenez, N F Castro, A Catinaccio, J R Catmore, A Cattai, J Caudron, V Cavaliere, E Cavallaro, D Cavalli, M Cavalli-Sforza, V Cavasinni, F Ceradini, L Cerda Alberich, B C Cerio, A S Cerqueira, A Cerri, L Cerrito, F Cerutti, M Cerv, A Cervelli, S A Cetin, A Chafaq, D Chakraborty, S K Chan, Y L Chan, P Chang, J D Chapman, D G Charlton, A Chatterjee, C C Chau, C A Chavez Barajas, S Che, S Cheatham, A Chegwidden, S Chekanov, S V Chekulaev, G A Chelkov, M A Chelstowska, C Chen, H Chen, K Chen, S Chen, S Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, H C Cheng, H J Cheng, Y Cheng, A Cheplakov, E Cheremushkina, R Cherkaoui El Moursli, V Chernyatin, E Cheu, L Chevalier, V Chiarella, G Chiarelli, G Chiodini, A S Chisholm, A Chitan, M V Chizhov, K Choi, A R Chomont, S Chouridou, B K B Chow, V Christodoulou, D Chromek-Burckhart, J Chudoba, A J Chuinard, J J Chwastowski, L Chytka, G Ciapetti, A K Ciftci, D Cinca, V Cindro, I A Cioara, C Ciocca, A Ciocio, F Cirotto, Z H Citron, M Citterio, M Ciubancan, A Clark, B L Clark, M R Clark, P J Clark, R N Clarke, C Clement, Y Coadou, M Cobal, A Coccaro, J Cochran, L Colasurdo, B Cole, A P Colijn, J Collot, T Colombo, G Compostella, P Conde Muiño, E Coniavitis, S H Connell, I A Connelly, V Consorti, S Constantinescu, G Conti, F Conventi, M Cooke, B D Cooper, A M Cooper-Sarkar, K J R Cormier, T Cornelissen, M Corradi, F Corriveau, A Corso-Radu, A Cortes-Gonzalez, G Cortiana, G Costa, M J Costa, D Costanzo, G Cottin, G Cowan, B E Cox, K Cranmer, S J Crawley, G Cree, S Crépé-Renaudin, F Crescioli, W A Cribbs, M Crispin Ortuzar, M Cristinziani, V Croft, G Crosetti, A Cueto, T Cuhadar Donszelmann, J Cummings, M Curatolo, J Cúth, H Czirr, P Czodrowski, G D'amen, S D'Auria, M D'Onofrio, M J Da Cunha Sargedas De Sousa, C Da Via, W Dabrowski, T Dado, T Dai, O Dale, F Dallaire, C Dallapiccola, M Dam, J R Dandoy, N P Dang, A C Daniells, N S Dann, M Danninger, M Dano Hoffmann, V Dao, G Darbo, S Darmora, J Dassoulas, A Dattagupta, W Davey, C David, T Davidek, M Davies, P Davison, E Dawe, I Dawson, R K Daya-Ishmukhametova, K De, R de Asmundis, A De Benedetti, S De Castro, S De Cecco, N De Groot, P de Jong, H De la Torre, F De Lorenzi, A De Maria, D De Pedis, A De Salvo, U De Sanctis, A De Santo, J B De Vivie De Regie, W J Dearnaley, R Debbe, C Debenedetti, D V Dedovich, N Dehghanian, I Deigaard, M Del Gaudio, J Del Peso, T Del Prete, D Delgove, F Deliot, C M Delitzsch, A Dell'Acqua, L Dell'Asta, M Dell'Orso, M Della Pietra, D Della Volpe, M Delmastro, P A Delsart, D A DeMarco, S Demers, M Demichev, A Demilly, S P Denisov, D Denysiuk, D Derendarz, J E Derkaoui, F Derue, P Dervan, K Desch, C Deterre, K Dette, P O Deviveiros, A Dewhurst, S Dhaliwal, A Di Ciaccio, L Di Ciaccio, W K Di Clemente, C Di Donato, A Di Girolamo, B Di Girolamo, B Di Micco, R Di Nardo, A Di Simone, R Di Sipio, D Di Valentino, C Diaconu, M Diamond, F A Dias, M A Diaz, E B Diehl, J Dietrich, S Diglio, A Dimitrievska, J Dingfelder, P Dita, S Dita, F Dittus, F Djama, T Djobava, J I Djuvsland, M A B do Vale, D Dobos, M Dobre, C Doglioni, J Dolejsi, Z Dolezal, M Donadelli, S Donati, P Dondero, J Donini, J Dopke, A Doria, M T Dova, A T Doyle, E Drechsler, M Dris, Y Du, J Duarte-Campderros, E Duchovni, G Duckeck, O A Ducu, D Duda, A Dudarev, A Chr Dudder, E M Duffield, L Duflot, M Dührssen, M Dumancic, M Dunford, H Duran Yildiz, M Düren, A Durglishvili, D Duschinger, B Dutta, M Dyndal, C Eckardt, K M Ecker, R C Edgar, N C Edwards, T Eifert, G Eigen, K Einsweiler, T Ekelof, M El Kacimi, V Ellajosyula, M Ellert, S Elles, F Ellinghaus, A A Elliot, N Ellis, J Elmsheuser, M Elsing, D Emeliyanov, Y Enari, O C Endner, J S Ennis, J Erdmann, A Ereditato, G Ernis, J Ernst, M Ernst, S Errede, E Ertel, M Escalier, H Esch, C Escobar, B Esposito, A I Etienvre, E Etzion, H Evans, A Ezhilov, F Fabbri, L Fabbri, G Facini, R M Fakhrutdinov, S Falciano, R J Falla, J Faltova, Y Fang, M Fanti, A Farbin, A Farilla, C Farina, E M Farina, T Farooque, S Farrell, S M Farrington, P Farthouat, F Fassi, P Fassnacht, D Fassouliotis, M Faucci Giannelli, A Favareto, W J Fawcett, L Fayard, O L Fedin, W Fedorko, S Feigl, L Feligioni, C Feng, E J Feng, H Feng, A B Fenyuk, L Feremenga, P Fernandez Martinez, S Fernandez Perez, J Ferrando, A Ferrari, P Ferrari, R Ferrari, D E Ferreira de Lima, A Ferrer, D Ferrere, C Ferretti, A Ferretto Parodi, F Fiedler, A Filipčič, M Filipuzzi, F Filthaut, M Fincke-Keeler, K D Finelli, M C N Fiolhais, L Fiorini, A Firan, A Fischer, C Fischer, J Fischer, W C Fisher, N Flaschel, I Fleck, P Fleischmann, G T Fletcher, R R M Fletcher, T Flick, A Floderus, L R Flores Castillo, M J Flowerdew, G T Forcolin, A Formica, A Forti, A G Foster, D Fournier, H Fox, S Fracchia, P Francavilla, M Franchini, D Francis, L Franconi, M Franklin, M Frate, M Fraternali, D Freeborn, S M Fressard-Batraneanu, F Friedrich, D Froidevaux, J A Frost, C Fukunaga, E Fullana Torregrosa, T Fusayasu, J Fuster, C Gabaldon, O Gabizon, A Gabrielli, A Gabrielli, G P Gach, S Gadatsch, S Gadomski, G Gagliardi, L G Gagnon, P Gagnon, C Galea, B Galhardo, E J Gallas, B J Gallop, P Gallus, G Galster, K K Gan, J Gao, Y Gao, Y S Gao, F M Garay Walls, C García, J E García Navarro, M Garcia-Sciveres, R W Gardner, N Garelli, V Garonne, A Gascon Bravo, K Gasnikova, C Gatti, A Gaudiello, G Gaudio, L Gauthier, I L Gavrilenko, C Gay, G Gaycken, E N Gazis, Z Gecse, C N P Gee, Ch Geich-Gimbel, M Geisen, M P Geisler, C Gemme, M H Genest, C Geng, S Gentile, C Gentsos, S George, D Gerbaudo, A Gershon, S Ghasemi, H Ghazlane, M Ghneimat, B Giacobbe, S Giagu, P Giannetti, B Gibbard, S M Gibson, M Gignac, M Gilchriese, T P S Gillam, D Gillberg, G Gilles, D M Gingrich, N Giokaris, M P Giordani, F M Giorgi, F M Giorgi, P F Giraud, P Giromini, D Giugni, F Giuli, C Giuliani, M Giulini, B K Gjelsten, S Gkaitatzis, I Gkialas, E L Gkougkousis, L K Gladilin, C Glasman, J Glatzer, P C F Glaysher, A Glazov, M Goblirsch-Kolb, J Godlewski, S Goldfarb, T Golling, D Golubkov, A Gomes, R Gonçalo, J Goncalves Pinto Firmino Da Costa, G Gonella, L Gonella, A Gongadze, S González de la Hoz, G Gonzalez Parra, S Gonzalez-Sevilla, L Goossens, P A Gorbounov, H A Gordon, I Gorelov, B Gorini, E Gorini, A Gorišek, E Gornicki, A T Goshaw, C Gössling, M I Gostkin, C R Goudet, D Goujdami, A G Goussiou, N Govender, E Gozani, L Graber, I Grabowska-Bold, P O J Gradin, P Grafström, J Gramling, E Gramstad, S Grancagnolo, V Gratchev, P M Gravila, H M Gray, E Graziani, Z D Greenwood, C Grefe, K Gregersen, I M Gregor, P Grenier, K Grevtsov, J Griffiths, A A Grillo, K Grimm, S Grinstein, Ph Gris, J-F Grivaz, S Groh, J P Grohs, E Gross, J Grosse-Knetter, G C Grossi, Z J Grout, L Guan, W Guan, J Guenther, F Guescini, D Guest, O Gueta, E Guido, T Guillemin, S Guindon, U Gul, C Gumpert, J Guo, Y Guo, R Gupta, S Gupta, G Gustavino, P Gutierrez, N G Gutierrez Ortiz, C Gutschow, C Guyot, C Gwenlan, C B Gwilliam, A Haas, C Haber, H K Hadavand, N Haddad, A Hadef, S Hageböck, Z Hajduk, H Hakobyan, M Haleem, J Haley, G Halladjian, G D Hallewell, K Hamacher, P Hamal, K Hamano, A Hamilton, G N Hamity, P G Hamnett, L Han, K Hanagaki, K Hanawa, M Hance, B Haney, S Hanisch, P Hanke, R Hanna, J B Hansen, J D Hansen, M C Hansen, P H Hansen, K Hara, A S Hard, T Harenberg, F Hariri, S Harkusha, R D Harrington, P F Harrison, F Hartjes, N M Hartmann, M Hasegawa, Y Hasegawa, A Hasib, S Hassani, S Haug, R Hauser, L Hauswald, M Havranek, C M Hawkes, R J Hawkings, D Hayakawa, D Hayden, C P Hays, J M Hays, H S Hayward, S J Haywood, S J Head, T Heck, V Hedberg, L Heelan, S Heim, T Heim, B Heinemann, J J Heinrich, L Heinrich, C Heinz, J Hejbal, L Helary, S Hellman, C Helsens, J Henderson, R C W Henderson, Y Heng, S Henkelmann, A M Henriques Correia, S Henrot-Versille, G H Herbert, V Herget, Y Hernández Jiménez, G Herten, R Hertenberger, L Hervas, G G Hesketh, N P Hessey, J W Hetherly, R Hickling, E Higón-Rodriguez, E Hill, J C Hill, K H Hiller, S J Hillier, I Hinchliffe, E Hines, R R Hinman, M Hirose, D Hirschbuehl, J Hobbs, N Hod, M C Hodgkinson, P Hodgson, A Hoecker, M R Hoeferkamp, F Hoenig, D Hohn, T R Holmes, M Homann, T M Hong, B H Hooberman, W H Hopkins, Y Horii, A J Horton, J-Y Hostachy, S Hou, A Hoummada, J Howarth, M Hrabovsky, I Hristova, J Hrivnac, T Hryn'ova, A Hrynevich, C Hsu, P J Hsu, S-C Hsu, D Hu, Q Hu, S Hu, Y Huang, Z Hubacek, F Hubaut, F Huegging, T B Huffman, E W Hughes, G Hughes, M Huhtinen, P Huo, N Huseynov, J Huston, J Huth, G Iacobucci, G Iakovidis, I Ibragimov, L Iconomidou-Fayard, E Ideal, Z Idrissi, P Iengo, O Igonkina, T Iizawa, Y Ikegami, M Ikeno, Y Ilchenko, D Iliadis, N Ilic, T Ince, G Introzzi, P Ioannou, M Iodice, K Iordanidou, V Ippolito, N Ishijima, M Ishino, M Ishitsuka, R Ishmukhametov, C Issever, S Istin, F Ito, J M Iturbe Ponce, R Iuppa, W Iwanski, H Iwasaki, J M Izen, V Izzo, S Jabbar, B Jackson, P Jackson, V Jain, K B Jakobi, K Jakobs, S Jakobsen, T Jakoubek, D O Jamin, D K Jana, E Jansen, R Jansky, J Janssen, M Janus, G Jarlskog, N Javadov, T Javůrek, F Jeanneau, L Jeanty, J Jejelava, G-Y Jeng, D Jennens, P Jenni, C Jeske, S Jézéquel, H Ji, J Jia, H Jiang, Y Jiang, S Jiggins, J Jimenez Pena, S Jin, A Jinaru, O Jinnouchi, H Jivan, P Johansson, K A Johns, W J Johnson, K Jon-And, G Jones, R W L Jones, S Jones, T J Jones, J Jongmanns, P M Jorge, J Jovicevic, X Ju, A Juste Rozas, M K Köhler, A Kaczmarska, M Kado, H Kagan, M Kagan, S J Kahn, T Kaji, E Kajomovitz, C W Kalderon, A Kaluza, S Kama, A Kamenshchikov, N Kanaya, S Kaneti, L Kanjir, V A Kantserov, J Kanzaki, B Kaplan, L S Kaplan, A Kapliy, D Kar, K Karakostas, A Karamaoun, N Karastathis, M J Kareem, E Karentzos, M Karnevskiy, S N Karpov, Z M Karpova, K Karthik, V Kartvelishvili, A N Karyukhin, K Kasahara, L Kashif, R D Kass, A Kastanas, Y Kataoka, C Kato, A Katre, J Katzy, K Kawagoe, T Kawamoto, G Kawamura, V F Kazanin, R Keeler, R Kehoe, J S Keller, J J Kempster, K Kentaro, H Keoshkerian, O Kepka, B P Kerševan, S 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Trocmé, A Trofymov, C Troncon, M Trottier-McDonald, M Trovatelli, L Truong, M Trzebinski, A Trzupek, J C-L Tseng, P V Tsiareshka, G Tsipolitis, N Tsirintanis, S Tsiskaridze, V Tsiskaridze, E G Tskhadadze, K M Tsui, I I Tsukerman, V Tsulaia, S Tsuno, D Tsybychev, Y Tu, A Tudorache, V Tudorache, A N Tuna, S A Tupputi, S Turchikhin, D Turecek, D Turgeman, R Turra, A J Turvey, P M Tuts, M Tyndel, G Ucchielli, I Ueda, M Ughetto, F Ukegawa, G Unal, A Undrus, G Unel, F C Ungaro, Y Unno, C Unverdorben, J Urban, P Urquijo, P Urrejola, G Usai, A Usanova, L Vacavant, V Vacek, B Vachon, C Valderanis, E Valdes Santurio, N Valencic, S Valentinetti, A Valero, L Valery, S Valkar, J A Valls Ferrer, W Van Den Wollenberg, P C Van Der Deijl, H van der Graaf, N van Eldik, P van Gemmeren, J Van Nieuwkoop, I van Vulpen, M C van Woerden, M Vanadia, W Vandelli, R Vanguri, A Vaniachine, P Vankov, G Vardanyan, R Vari, E W Varnes, T Varol, D Varouchas, A Vartapetian, K E Varvell, J G Vasquez, F Vazeille, T Vazquez Schroeder, J Veatch, V Veeraraghavan, L M Veloce, F Veloso, S Veneziano, A Ventura, M Venturi, N Venturi, A Venturini, V Vercesi, M Verducci, W Verkerke, J C Vermeulen, A Vest, M C Vetterli, O Viazlo, I Vichou, T Vickey, O E Vickey Boeriu, G H A Viehhauser, S Viel, L Vigani, M Villa, M Villaplana Perez, E Vilucchi, M G Vincter, V B Vinogradov, C Vittori, I Vivarelli, S Vlachos, M Vlasak, M Vogel, P Vokac, G Volpi, M Volpi, H von der Schmitt, E von Toerne, V Vorobel, K Vorobev, M Vos, R Voss, J H Vossebeld, N Vranjes, M Vranjes Milosavljevic, V Vrba, M Vreeswijk, R Vuillermet, I Vukotic, Z Vykydal, P Wagner, W Wagner, H Wahlberg, S Wahrmund, J Wakabayashi, J Walder, R Walker, W Walkowiak, V Wallangen, C Wang, C Wang, F Wang, H Wang, H Wang, J Wang, J Wang, K Wang, R Wang, S M Wang, T Wang, T Wang, W Wang, X Wang, C Wanotayaroj, A Warburton, C P Ward, D R Wardrope, A Washbrook, P M Watkins, A T Watson, M F Watson, G Watts, S Watts, B M Waugh, S Webb, M S Weber, S W Weber, J S Webster, A R Weidberg, B Weinert, J Weingarten, C Weiser, H Weits, P S Wells, T Wenaus, T Wengler, S Wenig, N Wermes, M Werner, M D Werner, P Werner, M Wessels, J Wetter, K Whalen, N L Whallon, A M Wharton, A White, M J White, R White, D Whiteson, F J Wickens, W Wiedenmann, M Wielers, P Wienemann, C Wiglesworth, L A M Wiik-Fuchs, A Wildauer, F Wilk, H G Wilkens, H H Williams, S Williams, C Willis, S Willocq, J A Wilson, I Wingerter-Seez, F Winklmeier, O J Winston, B T Winter, M Wittgen, J Wittkowski, T M H Wolf, M W Wolter, H Wolters, S D Worm, B K Wosiek, J Wotschack, M J Woudstra, K W Wozniak, M Wu, M Wu, S L Wu, X Wu, Y Wu, T R Wyatt, B M Wynne, S Xella, D Xu, L Xu, B Yabsley, S Yacoob, D Yamaguchi, Y Yamaguchi, A Yamamoto, S Yamamoto, T Yamanaka, K Yamauchi, Y Yamazaki, Z Yan, H Yang, H Yang, Y Yang, Z Yang, W-M Yao, Y C Yap, Y Yasu, E Yatsenko, K H Yau Wong, J Ye, S Ye, I Yeletskikh, A L Yen, E Yildirim, K Yorita, R Yoshida, K Yoshihara, C Young, C J S Young, S Youssef, D R Yu, J Yu, J M Yu, J Yu, L Yuan, S P Y Yuen, I Yusuff, B Zabinski, R Zaidan, A M Zaitsev, N Zakharchuk, J Zalieckas, A Zaman, S Zambito, L Zanello, D Zanzi, C Zeitnitz, M Zeman, A Zemla, J C Zeng, Q Zeng, K Zengel, O Zenin, T Ženiš, D Zerwas, D Zhang, F Zhang, G Zhang, H Zhang, J Zhang, L Zhang, R Zhang, R Zhang, X Zhang, Z Zhang, X Zhao, Y Zhao, Z Zhao, A Zhemchugov, J Zhong, B Zhou, C Zhou, L Zhou, L Zhou, M Zhou, N Zhou, C G Zhu, H Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, X Zhuang, K Zhukov, A Zibell, D Zieminska, N I Zimine, C Zimmermann, S Zimmermann, Z Zinonos, M Zinser, M Ziolkowski, L Živković, G Zobernig, A Zoccoli, M Zur Nedden, L Zwalinski
This Letter presents a measurement of the inelastic proton-proton cross section using 60  μb^{-1} of pp collisions at a center-of-mass energy sqrt[s] of 13 TeV with the ATLAS detector at the LHC. Inelastic interactions are selected using rings of plastic scintillators in the forward region (2.07<|η|<3.86) of the detector. A cross section of 68.1±1.4  mb is measured in the fiducial region ξ=M_{X}^{2}/s>10^{-6}, where M_{X} is the larger invariant mass of the two hadronic systems separated by the largest rapidity gap in the event...
October 28, 2016: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833181/does-levonorgestrel-emergency-contraceptive-have-a-post-fertilization-effect-a-review-of-its-mechanism-of-action
#8
REVIEW
Rebecca Peck, Walter Rella, Julio Tudela, Justo Aznar, Bruno Mozzanega
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have identified that levonorgestrel administered orally in emergency contraception (LNG-EC) is only efficacious when taken before ovulation. However, the drug does not consistently prevent follicular rupture or impair sperm function. OBJECTIVE: The present systematic review is performed to analyze and more precisely define the extent to which pre-fertilization mechanisms of action may explain the drug's efficacy in pregnancy avoidance...
February 2016: Linacre Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829509/plasma-levels-of-th17-related-cytokines-and-complement-c3-correlated-with-aggressive-behavior-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#9
Haozhe Li, Qinting Zhang, Ningning Li, Fan Wang, Hui Xiang, Zongfeng Zhang, Yousong Su, Yueqi Huang, Shengyu Zhang, Guoqing Zhao, Rubai Zhou, Ling Mao, Zhiguang Lin, Weixiong Cai, Yiru Fang, Bin Xie, Min Zhao, Wu Hong
Increasing evidence indicates that immune inflammatory processes, especially autoimmune reaction, should be considered in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and aggressive behavior. The present study aimed to explore the correlation between immune factors (C3 and Th17-related cytokines) and aggressive behavior in schizophrenia patients. Forty schizophrenia patients and forty age- and gender-matched healthy controls participated in the study. Blood samples were assessed by ELISA upon enrollment. Positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) and modified overt aggression scale (MOAS) were used to estimate the severity and aggressive symptoms of schizophrenia patients...
November 2, 2016: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816841/heavy-metals-pb-cd-as-and-mehg-as-risk-factors-for-cognitive-dysfunction-a-general-review-of-metal-mixture-mechanism-in-brain
#10
REVIEW
Venkatanaidu Karri, Marta Schuhmacher, Vikas Kumar
Human exposure to toxic heavy metals is a global challenge. Concurrent exposure of heavy metals, such as lead (Pb), cadmium (Cd), arsenic (As) and methylmercury (MeHg) are particularly important due to their long lasting effects on the brain. The exact toxicological mechanisms invoked by exposure to mixtures of the metals Pb, Cd, As and MeHg are still unclear, however they share many common pathways for causing cognitive dysfunction. The combination of metals may produce additive/synergetic effects due to their common binding affinity with NMDA receptor (Pb, As, MeHg), Na(+) - K(+) ATP-ase pump (Cd, MeHg), biological Ca(+2) (Pb, Cd, MeHg), Glu neurotransmitter (Pb, MeHg), which can lead to imbalance between the pro-oxidant elements (ROS) and the antioxidants (reducing elements)...
December 2016: Environmental Toxicology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814570/chromosomal-aberrations-clastogens-vs-aneugens
#11
Masayuki Mishima
Current anticancer therapy may be one of the most important exogenous sources of exposure to genotoxic agents in US, Japan, and Europe, where approximately 40-55 percent of the population is diagnosed with cancer at a certain point in their life. This review focuses on recent efforts to integrate a novel biomarker, gamma-H2AX, into anticancer drug screening to classify the mode of action (MoA) for genotoxic outcome into clastogenicity and aneugenicity, a distinction that has considerable impact on risk assessment and control strategy...
January 1, 2017: Frontiers in Bioscience (Scholar Edition)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803804/muddled-mechanisms-recent-progress-towards-antimalarial-target-identification
#12
REVIEW
Rachel L Edwards, Audrey R Odom John
In the past decade, malaria rates have plummeted as a result of aggressive infection control measures and the adoption of artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs). However, a potential crisis looms ahead. Treatment failures to standard antimalarial regimens have been reported in Southeast Asia, and devastating consequences are expected if resistance spreads to the African continent. To prevent a potential public health emergency, the antimalarial arsenal must contain therapeutics with novel mechanisms of action (MOA)...
2016: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27794051/comparative-effects-of-in-ovo-versus-subcutaneous-administration-of-the-marek-s-disease-vaccine-and-pre-placement-holding-time-on-the-post-hatch-performance-of-ross-708-broilers
#13
E D Peebles, T M Barbosa, T S Cummings, J Dickson, S K Womack, P D Gerard
Effects of 2 types of methods of administration (moa; in ovo or s.c.) of the Marek's disease (MD) vaccine and 4 and 18 h pre-placement holding times (pht) on the performance of male broilers through 48 d of age were investigated. Ross 708 broiler hatching eggs (3,900) were either in ovo-vaccinated at 18 d of incubation or chicks from eggs that were not in ovo-injected were vaccinated s.c. at hatch, and chicks from each moa group were held for one of the 2 pht. In ovo injections (50 μL) were delivered by a commercial multi-egg injector and s...
October 28, 2016: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783962/toxicity-of-13-different-antibiotics-towards-freshwater-green-algae-pseudokirchneriella-subcapitata-and-their-modes-of-action
#14
Ling Fu, Tao Huang, Shuo Wang, Xiaohong Wang, Limin Su, Chao Li, Yuanhui Zhao
Although modes of action (MOAs) play a key role in the understanding of the toxic mechanism of chemicals, the MOAs have not been investigated for antibiotics to green algae. This paper is to discriminate excess toxicity from baseline level and investigate the MOAs of 13 different antibiotics to algae by using the determined toxicity values. Comparison of the toxicities shows that the inhibitors of protein synthesis to bacteria, such as azithromycin, doxycycline, florfenicol and oxytetracycline, exhibit significantly toxic effects to algae...
October 23, 2016: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783522/design-and-synthesis-of-cajanine-analogues-against-hepatitis-c-virus-through-down-regulating-host-chondroitin-sulfate-n-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase-1
#15
Xingyue Ji, Jinhua Chen, Guang-Hui Zheng, Meng-Hao Huang, Lei Zhang, Jie Jin, Hong Yi, Jian-Dong Jiang, Zong-Gen Peng, Zhuo-Rong Li
There still remains a need to develop new anti-HCV agents with distinct mechanism of action (MOA) due to the occurrence of resistance to direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs). Cajanine, a stilbenic component isolated from Cajanus cajan L., was identified as a potent HCV inhibitor by phenotypic screening in this work (EC50 = 3.17±0.75 μM). The intensive structure optimization provided significant insights into the structure-activity relationships. Furthermore, the MOA study revealed that cajanine inhibited HCV replications via down-regulating a cellular protein chondroitin sulfate N-acetylgalactosaminyltransferase 1...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27773686/differential-modulation-of-fxr-activity-by-chlorophacinone-and-ivermectin-analogs
#16
Chia-Wen Hsu, Jui-Hua Hsieh, Ruili Huang, Dirk Pijnenburg, Thai Khuc, Jon Hamm, Jinghua Zhao, Caitlin Lynch, Rinie van Beuningen, Xiaoqing Chang, René Houtman, Menghang Xia
Chemicals that alter normal function of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) have been shown to affect the homeostasis of bile acids, glucose, and lipids. Several structural classes of environmental chemicals and drugs that modulated FXR transactivation were previously identified by quantitative high-throughput screening (qHTS) of the Tox21 10K chemical collection. In the present study, we validated the FXR antagonist activity of selected structural classes, including avermectin anthelmintics, dihydropyridine calcium channel blockers, 1,3-indandione rodenticides, and pyrethroid pesticides, using in vitro assay and quantitative structural-activity relationship (QSAR) analysis approaches...
December 15, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765718/weight-of-evidence-evaluation-of-associations-between-particulate-matter-exposure-and-biomarkers-of-lung-cancer
#17
H N Lynch, C T Loftus, J M Cohen, L E Kerper, E M Kennedy, J E Goodman
Research suggests that exposure to ambient particulate matter (PM) may be associated with lung cancer; however, no mode of action (MoA) for this has been established. We applied a weight-of-evidence (WoE) approach to evaluate recent evidence from four realms of research (controlled human exposure, epidemiology, animal, and in vitro) to determine whether the overall evidence supports one or more MoAs by which PM could cause lung cancer. We evaluated three general MoAs: DNA damage and repair; other genotoxic effects, including mutagenicity and clastogenicity; and gene expression, protein expression, and DNA methylation...
October 17, 2016: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745949/environmental-behaviour-and-ecotoxicity-of-quantum-dots-at-various-trophic-levels-a-review
#18
Thiago Lopes Rocha, Nélia C Mestre, Simone Maria Teixeira Sabóia-Morais, Maria João Bebianno
Despite the wide application of quantum dots (QDs) in electronics, pharmacy and nanomedicine, limited data is available on their environmental health risk. To advance our current understanding of the environmental impact of these engineered nanomaterials, the aim of this review is to give a detailed insight on the existing information concerning the behaviour, transformation and fate of QDs in the aquatic environment, as well as on its mode of action (MoA), ecotoxicity, trophic transfer and biomagnification at various trophic levels (micro-organisms, aquatic invertebrates and vertebrates)...
October 13, 2016: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27741281/high-ancient-genetic-diversity-of-human-lice-pediculus-humanus-from-israel-reveals-new-insights-into-the-origin-of-clade-b-lice
#19
Nadia Amanzougaghene, Kosta Y Mumcuoglu, Florence Fenollar, Shir Alfi, Gonca Yesilyurt, Didier Raoult, Oleg Mediannikov
The human head louse, Pediculus humanus capitis, is subdivided into several significantly divergent mitochondrial haplogroups, each with particular geographical distributions. Historically, they are among the oldest human parasites, representing an excellent marker for tracking older events in human evolutionary history. In this study, ancient DNA analysis using real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), combined with conventional PCR, was applied to the remains of twenty-four ancient head lice and their eggs from the Roman period which were recovered from Israel...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27723264/target-identification-with-quantitative-activity-based-proteome-profiling-abpp
#20
Xiao Chen, Yin Kwan Wong, Jigang Wang, Jianbin Zhang, Yew-Mun Lee, Han-Ming Shen, Qingsong Lin, Zi-Chun Hua
As many small bioactive molecules fulfill their functions through interacting with protein targets, the identification of such targets is crucial in understanding their mechanisms of action (MOA) and side effects. With technological advancements in target identification, it has become possible to accurately and comprehensively study the MOA and side effects of small molecules. While small molecules with therapeutic potential were derived solely from nature in the past, the remodeling and synthesis of such molecules have now been made possible...
October 10, 2016: Proteomics
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