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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29780479/pentacyclic-adenine-a-versatile-and-exceptionally-bright-fluorescent-dna-base-analogue
#1
Mattias Bood, Anders F Füchtbauer, Moa S Wranne, Jong Jin Ro, Sangamesh Sarangamath, Afaf H El-Sagheer, Déborah L M Rupert, Rachel S Fisher, Steven W Magennis, Anita C Jones, Fredrik Höök, Tom Brown, Byeang Hyean Kim, Anders Dahlén, L Marcus Wilhelmsson, Morten Grøtli
Emissive base analogs are powerful tools for probing nucleic acids at the molecular level. Herein we describe the development and thorough characterization of pentacyclic adenine (pA), a versatile base analog with exceptional fluorescence properties. When incorporated into DNA, pA pairs selectively with thymine without perturbing the B-form structure and is among the brightest nucleobase analogs reported so far. Together with the recently established base analog acceptor qAnitro , pA allows accurate distance and orientation determination via Förster resonance energy transfer (FRET) measurements...
April 14, 2018: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29774972/temperature-response-of-permafrost-soil-carbon-is-attenuated-by-mineral-protection
#2
Norman Gentsch, Birgit Wild, Robert Mikutta, Petr Čapek, Katka Diáková, Marion Schrumpf, Stephanie Turner, Cynthia Minnich, Frank Schaarschmidt, Olga Shibistova, Jörg Schnecker, Tim Urich, Antje Gittel, Hana Šantrůčková, Jiři Bárta, Nikolay Lashchinskiy, Roland Fuß, Andreas Richter, Georg Guggenberger
Climate change in Arctic ecosystems fosters permafrost thaw and makes massive amounts of ancient soil organic carbon (OC) available to microbial breakdown. However, fractions of the organic matter (OM) may be protected from rapid decomposition by their association with minerals. Little is known about the effects of mineral-organic associations (MOA) on the microbial accessibility of OM in permafrost soils and it is not clear which factors control its temperature sensitivity. In order to investigate if and how permafrost soil OC turnover is affected by mineral controls, the heavy fraction (HF) representing mostly MOA was obtained by density fractionation from 27 permafrost soil profiles of the Siberian Arctic...
May 18, 2018: Global Change Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768981/a-scalable-pipeline-for-high-throughput-flow-cytometry
#3
Aaron C Wilson, Ioannis K Moutsatsos, Gary Yu, Javier J Pineda, Yan Feng, Douglas S Auld
Flow cytometry (FC) provides high-content data for a variety of applications, including phenotypic analysis of cell surface and intracellular markers, characterization of cell supernatant or lysates, and gene expression analysis. Historically, sample preparation, acquisition, and analysis have presented as a bottleneck for running such types of assays at scale. This article will outline the solutions that have been implemented at Novartis which have allowed high-throughput FC to be successfully conducted and analyzed for a variety of cell-based assays...
May 1, 2018: SLAS Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758488/genetic-variants-in-dyf-7-validated-by-droplet-digital-pcr-are-not-drivers-for-ivermectin-resistance-in-haemonchus-contortus
#4
Safaa T Elmahalawy, Peter Halvarsson, Moa Skarin, Johan Höglund
Resistance to ivermectin (IVM) in the nematode Haemonchus contortus in small ruminants is an increasing problem throughout the world. Access to molecular diagnostics will allow early detection of IVM resistance, which in turn can limit the spread of resistant isolates. One candidate gene which has recently been suggested as a marker for IVM resistance is that for dye-filling protein (dyf-7). In this study, we critically investigated the suitability of A141G and G153T single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) of dyf-7 as a marker in larval cultures collected from sheep farms in Sweden, involving several isolates for which resistance status had been characterised by the faecal egg count reduction test (FECRT)...
April 26, 2018: International Journal for Parasitology, Drugs and Drug Resistance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756910/search-for-high-mass-resonances-decaying-to-%C3%AF-%C3%AE-in-pp-collisions-at-sqrt-s-13-tev-with-the-atlas-detector
#5
M Aaboud, G Aad, B Abbott, O Abdinov, B Abeloos, S H Abidi, O S AbouZeid, N L Abraham, H Abramowicz, H Abreu, Y Abulaiti, B S Acharya, S Adachi, L Adamczyk, J Adelman, M Adersberger, T Adye, A A Affolder, Y Afik, C Agheorghiesei, J A Aguilar-Saavedra, S P Ahlen, F Ahmadov, G Aielli, S Akatsuka, T P A Åkesson, E Akilli, A V Akimov, G L Alberghi, J Albert, P Albicocco, M J Alconada Verzini, S Alderweireldt, M Aleksa, I N Aleksandrov, C Alexa, G Alexander, T Alexopoulos, M Alhroob, B Ali, M Aliev, G Alimonti, J Alison, S P Alkire, C Allaire, B M M Allbrooke, B W Allen, P P Allport, A Aloisio, A Alonso, F Alonso, C Alpigiani, A A Alshehri, M I Alstaty, B Alvarez Gonzalez, D Álvarez Piqueras, M G Alviggi, B T Amadio, Y Amaral Coutinho, L Ambroz, C Amelung, D Amidei, S P Amor Dos Santos, S Amoroso, C S Amrouche, C Anastopoulos, L S Ancu, N Andari, T Andeen, C F Anders, J K Anders, K J Anderson, A Andreazza, V Andrei, S Angelidakis, I Angelozzi, A Angerami, A V Anisenkov, A Annovi, C Antel, M T Anthony, M Antonelli, D J Antrim, F Anulli, M Aoki, L Aperio Bella, G Arabidze, Y Arai, J P Araque, V Araujo Ferraz, R Araujo Pereira, A T H Arce, R E Ardell, F A Arduh, J-F Arguin, S Argyropoulos, A J Armbruster, L J Armitage, O Arnaez, H Arnold, M Arratia, O Arslan, A Artamonov, G Artoni, S Artz, S Asai, N Asbah, A Ashkenazi, E M Asimakopoulou, L Asquith, K Assamagan, R Astalos, R J Atkin, M Atkinson, N B Atlay, K Augsten, G Avolio, R Avramidou, B Axen, M K Ayoub, G Azuelos, A E Baas, M J Baca, H Bachacou, K Bachas, M Backes, P Bagnaia, M Bahmani, H Bahrasemani, J T Baines, M Bajic, O K Baker, P J Bakker, D Bakshi Gupta, E M Baldin, P Balek, F Balli, W K Balunas, E Banas, A Bandyopadhyay, Sw Banerjee, A A E Bannoura, L Barak, W M Barbe, E L Barberio, D Barberis, M Barbero, T Barillari, M-S Barisits, J T Barkeloo, T Barklow, N Barlow, R Barnea, S L Barnes, B M Barnett, R M Barnett, Z Barnovska-Blenessy, A Baroncelli, G Barone, A J Barr, L Barranco Navarro, F Barreiro, J Barreiro Guimarães da Costa, R Bartoldus, A E Barton, P Bartos, A Basalaev, A Bassalat, R L Bates, S J Batista, J R Batley, M Battaglia, M Bauce, F Bauer, K T Bauer, H S Bawa, J B Beacham, M D Beattie, T Beau, P H Beauchemin, P Bechtle, H P Beck, H C Beck, K Becker, M Becker, C Becot, A J Beddall, A Beddall, V A Bednyakov, M Bedognetti, C P Bee, T A Beermann, M Begalli, M Begel, A Behera, J K Behr, A S Bell, G Bella, L Bellagamba, A Bellerive, M Bellomo, K Belotskiy, N L Belyaev, O Benary, D Benchekroun, M Bender, N Benekos, Y Benhammou, E Benhar Noccioli, J Benitez, D P Benjamin, M Benoit, J R Bensinger, S Bentvelsen, L Beresford, M Beretta, D Berge, E Bergeaas Kuutmann, N Berger, L J Bergsten, J Beringer, S Berlendis, N R Bernard, G Bernardi, C Bernius, F U Bernlochner, T Berry, P Berta, C Bertella, G Bertoli, I A Bertram, C Bertsche, G J Besjes, O Bessidskaia Bylund, M Bessner, N Besson, A Bethani, S Bethke, A Betti, A J Bevan, J Beyer, R M Bianchi, O Biebel, D Biedermann, R Bielski, K Bierwagen, N V Biesuz, M Biglietti, T R V Billoud, M Bindi, A Bingul, C Bini, S Biondi, T Bisanz, C Bittrich, D M Bjergaard, J E Black, K M Black, R E Blair, T Blazek, I Bloch, C Blocker, A Blue, U Blumenschein, Dr Blunier, G J Bobbink, V S Bobrovnikov, S S Bocchetta, A Bocci, C Bock, D Boerner, D Bogavac, A G Bogdanchikov, C Bohm, V Boisvert, P Bokan, T Bold, A S Boldyrev, A E Bolz, M Bomben, M Bona, J S Bonilla, M Boonekamp, A Borisov, G Borissov, J Bortfeldt, D Bortoletto, V Bortolotto, D Boscherini, M Bosman, J D Bossio Sola, J Boudreau, E V Bouhova-Thacker, D Boumediene, C Bourdarios, S K Boutle, A Boveia, J Boyd, I R Boyko, A J Bozson, J Bracinik, N Brahimi, A Brandt, G Brandt, O Brandt, F Braren, U Bratzler, B Brau, J E Brau, W D Breaden Madden, K Brendlinger, A J Brennan, L Brenner, R Brenner, S Bressler, D L Briglin, T M Bristow, D Britton, D Britzger, I Brock, R Brock, G Brooijmans, T Brooks, W K Brooks, E Brost, J H Broughton, P A Bruckman de Renstrom, D Bruncko, A Bruni, G Bruni, L S Bruni, S Bruno, B H Brunt, M Bruschi, N Bruscino, P Bryant, L Bryngemark, T Buanes, Q Buat, P Buchholz, A G Buckley, I A Budagov, F Buehrer, M K Bugge, O Bulekov, D Bullock, T J Burch, S Burdin, C D Burgard, A M Burger, B Burghgrave, K Burka, S Burke, I Burmeister, J T P Burr, D Büscher, V Büscher, E Buschmann, P Bussey, J M Butler, C M Buttar, J M Butterworth, P Butti, W Buttinger, A Buzatu, A R Buzykaev, G Cabras, S Cabrera Urbán, D Caforio, H Cai, V M M Cairo, O Cakir, N Calace, P Calafiura, A Calandri, G Calderini, P Calfayan, G Callea, L P Caloba, S Calvente Lopez, D Calvet, S Calvet, T P Calvet, M Calvetti, R Camacho Toro, S Camarda, P Camarri, D Cameron, R Caminal Armadans, C Camincher, S Campana, M Campanelli, A Camplani, A Campoverde, V Canale, M Cano Bret, J Cantero, T Cao, Y Cao, M D M Capeans Garrido, I Caprini, M Caprini, M Capua, R M Carbone, R Cardarelli, F Cardillo, I Carli, T Carli, G Carlino, B T Carlson, L Carminati, R M D Carney, S Caron, E Carquin, S Carrá, G D Carrillo-Montoya, D Casadei, M P Casado, A F Casha, M Casolino, D W Casper, R Castelijn, V Castillo Gimenez, N F Castro, A Catinaccio, J R Catmore, A Cattai, J Caudron, V Cavaliere, E Cavallaro, D Cavalli, M Cavalli-Sforza, V Cavasinni, E Celebi, F Ceradini, L Cerda Alberich, A S Cerqueira, A Cerri, L Cerrito, F Cerutti, A Cervelli, S A Cetin, A Chafaq, D Chakraborty, S K Chan, W S Chan, Y L Chan, P Chang, J D Chapman, D G Charlton, C C Chau, C A Chavez Barajas, S Che, A Chegwidden, S Chekanov, S V Chekulaev, G A Chelkov, M A Chelstowska, C Chen, C Chen, H Chen, J Chen, J Chen, S Chen, S Chen, X Chen, Y Chen, Y-H Chen, H C Cheng, H J Cheng, A Cheplakov, E Cheremushkina, R Cherkaoui El Moursli, E Cheu, K Cheung, L Chevalier, V Chiarella, G Chiarelli, G Chiodini, A S Chisholm, A Chitan, I Chiu, Y H Chiu, M V Chizhov, K Choi, A R Chomont, S Chouridou, Y S Chow, V Christodoulou, M C Chu, J Chudoba, A J Chuinard, J J Chwastowski, L Chytka, D Cinca, V Cindro, I A Cioară, A Ciocio, F Cirotto, Z H Citron, M Citterio, A Clark, M R Clark, P J Clark, R N Clarke, C Clement, Y Coadou, M Cobal, A Coccaro, J Cochran, L Colasurdo, B Cole, A P Colijn, J Collot, P Conde Muiño, E Coniavitis, S H Connell, I A Connelly, S Constantinescu, F Conventi, A M Cooper-Sarkar, F Cormier, K J R Cormier, M Corradi, E E Corrigan, F Corriveau, A Cortes-Gonzalez, M J Costa, D Costanzo, G Cottin, G Cowan, B E Cox, J Crane, K Cranmer, S J Crawley, R A Creager, G Cree, S Crépé-Renaudin, F Crescioli, M Cristinziani, V Croft, G Crosetti, A Cueto, T Cuhadar Donszelmann, A R Cukierman, M Curatolo, J Cúth, S Czekierda, P Czodrowski, G D'amen, S D'Auria, L D'eramo, M D'Onofrio, M J Da Cunha Sargedas De Sousa, C Da Via, W Dabrowski, T Dado, S Dahbi, T Dai, O Dale, F Dallaire, C Dallapiccola, M Dam, J R Dandoy, M F Daneri, N P Dang, N S Dann, M Danninger, V Dao, G Darbo, S Darmora, O Dartsi, A Dattagupta, T Daubney, W Davey, C David, T Davidek, D R Davis, E Dawe, I Dawson, K De, R de Asmundis, A De Benedetti, S De Castro, S De Cecco, N De Groot, P de Jong, H De la Torre, F De Lorenzi, A De Maria, D De Pedis, A De Salvo, U De Sanctis, A De Santo, K De Vasconcelos Corga, J B De Vivie De Regie, C Debenedetti, D V Dedovich, N Dehghanian, M Del Gaudio, J Del Peso, D Delgove, F Deliot, C M Delitzsch, A Dell'Acqua, L Dell'Asta, M Della Pietra, D Della Volpe, M Delmastro, C Delporte, P A Delsart, D A DeMarco, S Demers, M Demichev, S P Denisov, D Denysiuk, D Derendarz, J E Derkaoui, F Derue, P Dervan, K Desch, C Deterre, K Dette, M R Devesa, P O Deviveiros, A Dewhurst, S Dhaliwal, F A Di Bello, A Di Ciaccio, L Di Ciaccio, W K Di Clemente, C Di Donato, A Di Girolamo, B Di Micco, R Di Nardo, K F Di Petrillo, A Di Simone, R Di Sipio, D Di Valentino, C Diaconu, M Diamond, F A Dias, T Dias do Vale, M A Diaz, J Dickinson, E B Diehl, J Dietrich, S Díez Cornell, A Dimitrievska, J Dingfelder, F Dittus, F Djama, T Djobava, J I Djuvsland, M A B do Vale, M Dobre, D Dodsworth, C Doglioni, J Dolejsi, Z Dolezal, M Donadelli, J Donini, J Dopke, A Doria, M T Dova, A T Doyle, E Drechsler, E Dreyer, T Dreyer, M Dris, Y Du, J Duarte-Campderros, F Dubinin, A Dubreuil, E Duchovni, G Duckeck, A Ducourthial, O A Ducu, D Duda, A Dudarev, A Chr Dudder, E M Duffield, L Duflot, M Dührssen, C Dulsen, M Dumancic, A E Dumitriu, A K Duncan, M Dunford, A Duperrin, H Duran Yildiz, M Düren, A Durglishvili, D Duschinger, B Dutta, D Duvnjak, M Dyndal, B S Dziedzic, C Eckardt, K M Ecker, R C Edgar, T Eifert, G Eigen, K Einsweiler, T Ekelof, M El Kacimi, R El Kosseifi, V Ellajosyula, M Ellert, F Ellinghaus, A A Elliot, N Ellis, J Elmsheuser, M Elsing, D Emeliyanov, Y Enari, J S Ennis, M B Epland, J Erdmann, A Ereditato, S Errede, M Escalier, C Escobar, B Esposito, O Estrada Pastor, A I Etienvre, E Etzion, H Evans, A Ezhilov, M Ezzi, F Fabbri, L Fabbri, V Fabiani, G Facini, R M Fakhrutdinov, S Falciano, P J Falke, S Falke, J Faltova, Y Fang, M Fanti, A Farbin, A Farilla, E M Farina, T Farooque, S Farrell, S M Farrington, P Farthouat, F Fassi, P Fassnacht, D Fassouliotis, M Faucci Giannelli, A Favareto, W J Fawcett, L Fayard, O L Fedin, W Fedorko, M Feickert, S Feigl, L Feligioni, C Feng, E J Feng, M Feng, M J Fenton, A B Fenyuk, L Feremenga, J Ferrando, A Ferrari, P Ferrari, R Ferrari, D E Ferreira de Lima, A Ferrer, D Ferrere, C Ferretti, F Fiedler, A Filipčič, F Filthaut, M Fincke-Keeler, K D Finelli, M C N Fiolhais, L Fiorini, C Fischer, J Fischer, W C Fisher, N Flaschel, I Fleck, P Fleischmann, R R M Fletcher, T Flick, B M Flierl, L M Flores, L R Flores Castillo, N Fomin, G T Forcolin, A Formica, F A Förster, A Forti, A G Foster, D Fournier, H Fox, S Fracchia, P Francavilla, M Franchini, S Franchino, D Francis, L Franconi, M Franklin, M Frate, M Fraternali, D Freeborn, S M Fressard-Batraneanu, B Freund, W S Freund, D Froidevaux, J A Frost, C Fukunaga, T Fusayasu, J Fuster, O Gabizon, A Gabrielli, A Gabrielli, G P Gach, S Gadatsch, S Gadomski, P Gadow, G Gagliardi, L G Gagnon, C Galea, B Galhardo, E J Gallas, B J Gallop, P Gallus, G Galster, R Gamboa Goni, K K Gan, S Ganguly, Y Gao, Y S Gao, F M Garay Walls, C García, J E García Navarro, J A García Pascual, M Garcia-Sciveres, R W Gardner, N Garelli, V Garonne, K Gasnikova, A Gaudiello, G Gaudio, I L Gavrilenko, A Gavrilyuk, C Gay, G Gaycken, E N Gazis, C N P Gee, J Geisen, M Geisen, M P Geisler, K Gellerstedt, C Gemme, M H Genest, C Geng, S Gentile, C Gentsos, S George, D Gerbaudo, G Geßner, S Ghasemi, M Ghneimat, B Giacobbe, S Giagu, N Giangiacomi, P Giannetti, S M Gibson, M Gignac, D Gillberg, G Gilles, D M Gingrich, M P Giordani, F M Giorgi, P F Giraud, P Giromini, G Giugliarelli, D Giugni, F Giuli, M Giulini, S Gkaitatzis, I Gkialas, E L Gkougkousis, P Gkountoumis, L K Gladilin, C Glasman, J Glatzer, P C F Glaysher, A Glazov, M Goblirsch-Kolb, J Godlewski, S Goldfarb, T Golling, D Golubkov, A Gomes, R Gonçalo, R Goncalves Gama, G Gonella, L Gonella, A Gongadze, F Gonnella, J L Gonski, S González de la Hoz, S Gonzalez-Sevilla, L Goossens, P A Gorbounov, H A Gordon, B Gorini, E Gorini, A Gorišek, A T Goshaw, C Gössling, M I Gostkin, C A Gottardo, C R Goudet, D Goujdami, A G Goussiou, N Govender, C Goy, E Gozani, I Grabowska-Bold, P O J Gradin, E C Graham, J Gramling, E Gramstad, S Grancagnolo, V Gratchev, P M Gravila, C Gray, H M Gray, Z D Greenwood, C Grefe, K Gregersen, I M Gregor, P Grenier, K Grevtsov, J Griffiths, A A Grillo, K Grimm, S Grinstein, Ph Gris, J-F Grivaz, S Groh, E Gross, J Grosse-Knetter, G C Grossi, Z J Grout, A Grummer, L Guan, W Guan, J Guenther, A Guerguichon, F Guescini, D Guest, O Gueta, R Gugel, B Gui, T Guillemin, S Guindon, U Gul, C Gumpert, J Guo, W Guo, Y Guo, R Gupta, S Gurbuz, G Gustavino, B J Gutelman, P Gutierrez, N G Gutierrez Ortiz, C Gutschow, C Guyot, M P Guzik, C Gwenlan, C B Gwilliam, A Haas, C Haber, H K Hadavand, N Haddad, A Hadef, S Hageböck, M Hagihara, H Hakobyan, M Haleem, J Haley, G Halladjian, G D Hallewell, K Hamacher, P Hamal, K Hamano, A Hamilton, G N Hamity, K Han, L Han, S Han, K Hanagaki, M Hance, D M Handl, B Haney, R Hankache, P Hanke, E Hansen, J B Hansen, J D Hansen, M C Hansen, P H Hansen, K Hara, A S Hard, T Harenberg, S Harkusha, P F Harrison, N M Hartmann, Y Hasegawa, A Hasib, S Hassani, S Haug, R Hauser, L Hauswald, L B Havener, M Havranek, C M Hawkes, R J Hawkings, D Hayden, C Hayes, C P Hays, J M Hays, H S Hayward, S J Haywood, M P Heath, V Hedberg, L Heelan, S Heer, K K Heidegger, S Heim, T Heim, B Heinemann, J J Heinrich, L Heinrich, C Heinz, J Hejbal, L Helary, A Held, S Hellesund, S Hellman, C Helsens, R C W Henderson, Y Heng, S Henkelmann, A M Henriques Correia, G H Herbert, H Herde, V Herget, Y Hernández Jiménez, H Herr, G Herten, R Hertenberger, L Hervas, T C Herwig, G G Hesketh, N P Hessey, J W Hetherly, S Higashino, E Higón-Rodriguez, K Hildebrand, E Hill, J C Hill, K H Hiller, S J Hillier, M Hils, I Hinchliffe, M Hirose, D Hirschbuehl, B Hiti, O Hladik, D R Hlaluku, X Hoad, J Hobbs, N Hod, M C Hodgkinson, A Hoecker, M R Hoeferkamp, F Hoenig, D Hohn, D Hohov, T R Holmes, M Holzbock, M Homann, S Honda, T Honda, T M Hong, B H Hooberman, W H Hopkins, Y Horii, A J Horton, L A Horyn, J-Y Hostachy, A Hostiuc, S Hou, A Hoummada, J Howarth, J Hoya, M Hrabovsky, J Hrdinka, I Hristova, J Hrivnac, T Hryn'ova, A Hrynevich, P J Hsu, S-C Hsu, Q Hu, S Hu, Y Huang, Z Hubacek, F Hubaut, M Huebner, F Huegging, T B Huffman, E W Hughes, M Huhtinen, R F H Hunter, P Huo, A M Hupe, N Huseynov, J Huston, J Huth, R Hyneman, G Iacobucci, G Iakovidis, I Ibragimov, L Iconomidou-Fayard, Z Idrissi, P Iengo, R Ignazzi, O Igonkina, R Iguchi, T Iizawa, Y Ikegami, M Ikeno, D Iliadis, N Ilic, F Iltzsche, G Introzzi, M Iodice, K Iordanidou, V Ippolito, M F Isacson, N Ishijima, M Ishino, M Ishitsuka, C Issever, S Istin, F Ito, J M Iturbe Ponce, R Iuppa, A Ivina, H Iwasaki, J M Izen, V Izzo, S Jabbar, P Jacka, P Jackson, R M Jacobs, V Jain, G Jakel, K B Jakobi, K Jakobs, S Jakobsen, T Jakoubek, D O Jamin, D K Jana, R Jansky, J Janssen, M Janus, P A Janus, G Jarlskog, N Javadov, T Javůrek, M Javurkova, F Jeanneau, L Jeanty, J Jejelava, A Jelinskas, P Jenni, J Jeong, C Jeske, S Jézéquel, H Ji, J Jia, H Jiang, Y Jiang, Z Jiang, S Jiggins, F A Jimenez Morales, J Jimenez Pena, S Jin, A Jinaru, O Jinnouchi, H Jivan, P Johansson, K A Johns, C A Johnson, W J Johnson, K Jon-And, R W L Jones, S D Jones, S Jones, T J Jones, J Jongmanns, P M Jorge, J Jovicevic, X Ju, J J Junggeburth, A Juste Rozas, A Kaczmarska, M Kado, H Kagan, M Kagan, T Kaji, E Kajomovitz, C W Kalderon, A Kaluza, S Kama, A Kamenshchikov, L Kanjir, Y Kano, V A Kantserov, J Kanzaki, B Kaplan, L S Kaplan, D Kar, K Karakostas, N Karastathis, M J Kareem, E Karentzos, S N Karpov, Z M Karpova, V Kartvelishvili, A N Karyukhin, K Kasahara, L Kashif, R D Kass, A Kastanas, Y Kataoka, C Kato, A Katre, J Katzy, K Kawade, K Kawagoe, T Kawamoto, G Kawamura, E F Kay, V F Kazanin, R Keeler, R Kehoe, J S Keller, E Kellermann, J J Kempster, J Kendrick, O Kepka, B P Kerševan, S Kersten, R A Keyes, M Khader, F Khalil-Zada, A Khanov, A G Kharlamov, T Kharlamova, A Khodinov, T J Khoo, V Khovanskiy, E Khramov, J Khubua, S Kido, M Kiehn, C R Kilby, H Y Kim, S H Kim, Y K Kim, N Kimura, O M Kind, B T King, D Kirchmeier, J Kirk, A E Kiryunin, T Kishimoto, D Kisielewska, V Kitali, O Kivernyk, E Kladiva, T Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, M H Klein, M Klein, U Klein, K Kleinknecht, P Klimek, A Klimentov, R Klingenberg, T Klingl, T Klioutchnikova, F F Klitzner, E-E Kluge, P Kluit, S Kluth, E Kneringer, E B F G Knoops, A Knue, A Kobayashi, D Kobayashi, T Kobayashi, M Kobel, M Kocian, P Kodys, T Koffas, E Koffeman, N M Köhler, T Koi, M Kolb, I Koletsou, T Kondo, N Kondrashova, K Köneke, A C König, T Kono, R Konoplich, N Konstantinidis, B Konya, R Kopeliansky, S Koperny, K Korcyl, K Kordas, A Korn, I Korolkov, E V Korolkova, O Kortner, S Kortner, T Kosek, V V Kostyukhin, A Kotwal, A Koulouris, A Kourkoumeli-Charalampidi, C Kourkoumelis, E 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Graaf, P van Gemmeren, J Van Nieuwkoop, I van Vulpen, M C van Woerden, M Vanadia, W Vandelli, A Vaniachine, P Vankov, R Vari, E W Varnes, C Varni, T Varol, D Varouchas, A Vartapetian, K E Varvell, J G Vasquez, G A Vasquez, F Vazeille, D Vazquez Furelos, T Vazquez Schroeder, J Veatch, V Vecchio, L M Veloce, F Veloso, S Veneziano, A Ventura, M Venturi, N Venturi, V Vercesi, M Verducci, C Vergis, W Verkerke, A T Vermeulen, J C Vermeulen, M C Vetterli, N Viaux Maira, O Viazlo, I Vichou, T Vickey, O E Vickey Boeriu, G H A Viehhauser, S Viel, L Vigani, M Villa, M Villaplana Perez, E Vilucchi, M G Vincter, V B Vinogradov, A Vishwakarma, C Vittori, I Vivarelli, S Vlachos, M Vogel, P Vokac, G Volpi, S E von Buddenbrock, E von Toerne, V Vorobel, K Vorobev, M Vos, J H Vossebeld, N Vranjes, M Vranjes Milosavljevic, V Vrba, M Vreeswijk, R Vuillermet, I Vukotic, P Wagner, W Wagner, J Wagner-Kuhr, H Wahlberg, S Wahrmund, K Wakamiya, J Walder, R Walker, W Walkowiak, V Wallangen, A M Wang, C Wang, F Wang, H Wang, H Wang, J Wang, J Wang, Q Wang, R-J Wang, R Wang, R Wang, S M Wang, T Wang, W Wang, W Wang, Y Wang, Z Wang, C Wanotayaroj, A Warburton, C P Ward, D R Wardrope, A Washbrook, P M Watkins, A T Watson, M F Watson, G Watts, S Watts, B M Waugh, A F Webb, S Webb, C Weber, M S Weber, S M Weber, S A Weber, J S Webster, A R Weidberg, B Weinert, J Weingarten, M Weirich, C Weiser, P S Wells, T Wenaus, T Wengler, S Wenig, N Wermes, M D Werner, P Werner, M Wessels, T D Weston, K Whalen, N L Whallon, A M Wharton, A S White, A White, M J White, R White, D Whiteson, B W Whitmore, F J Wickens, W Wiedenmann, M Wielers, C Wiglesworth, L A M Wiik-Fuchs, A Wildauer, F Wilk, H G Wilkens, H H Williams, S Williams, C Willis, S Willocq, J A Wilson, I Wingerter-Seez, E Winkels, F Winklmeier, O J Winston, B T Winter, M Wittgen, M Wobisch, A Wolf, T M H Wolf, R Wolff, M W Wolter, H Wolters, V W S Wong, N L Woods, S D Worm, B K Wosiek, K W Wozniak, K Wraight, M Wu, S L Wu, X Wu, Y Wu, T R Wyatt, B M Wynne, S Xella, Z Xi, L Xia, D Xu, H Xu, L Xu, T Xu, W Xu, B Yabsley, S Yacoob, K Yajima, D P Yallup, D Yamaguchi, Y Yamaguchi, A Yamamoto, T Yamanaka, F Yamane, M Yamatani, T Yamazaki, Y Yamazaki, Z Yan, H Yang, H Yang, S Yang, Y Yang, Y Yang, Z Yang, W-M Yao, Y C Yap, Y Yasu, E Yatsenko, K H Yau Wong, J Ye, S Ye, I Yeletskikh, E Yigitbasi, E Yildirim, K Yorita, K Yoshihara, C Young, C J S Young, J Yu, J Yu, X Yue, S P Y Yuen, I Yusuff, B Zabinski, G Zacharis, R Zaidan, A M Zaitsev, N Zakharchuk, J Zalieckas, S Zambito, D Zanzi, C Zeitnitz, G Zemaityte, J C Zeng, Q Zeng, O Zenin, T Ženiš, D Zerwas, M Zgubič, D Zhang, D Zhang, F Zhang, G Zhang, H Zhang, J Zhang, L Zhang, L Zhang, M Zhang, P Zhang, R Zhang, R Zhang, X Zhang, Y Zhang, Z Zhang, X Zhao, Y Zhao, Z Zhao, A Zhemchugov, B Zhou, C Zhou, L Zhou, M Zhou, M Zhou, N Zhou, Y Zhou, C G Zhu, H Zhu, H Zhu, J Zhu, Y Zhu, X Zhuang, K Zhukov, V Zhulanov, A Zibell, D Zieminska, N I Zimine, S Zimmermann, Z Zinonos, M Zinser, M Ziolkowski, L Živković, G Zobernig, A Zoccoli, K Zoch, T G Zorbas, R Zou, M Zur Nedden, L Zwalinski
A search for high-mass resonances decaying to τν using proton-proton collisions at sqrt[s]=13  TeV produced by the Large Hadron Collider is presented. Only τ-lepton decays with hadrons in the final state are considered. The data were recorded with the ATLAS detector and correspond to an integrated luminosity of 36.1  fb^{-1}. No statistically significant excess above the standard model expectation is observed; model-independent upper limits are set on the visible τν production cross section. Heavy W^{'} bosons with masses less than 3...
April 20, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743923/medicinal-plants-used-for-treatment-of-diarrhoeal-related-diseases-in-ethiopia
#6
REVIEW
Bizuneh Woldeab, Reta Regassa, Tibebu Alemu, Moa Megersa
This paper presents a review of relevant antidiarrhoeal medicinal plants based on the fundamental knowledge accumulated by indigenous people of Ethiopia. The review includes an inventory carried out on the phytochemical and pharmacological analysis of plant species used in the treatments of diarrhoeal diseases. This study is based on a review of the literature published in scientific journals, books, theses, proceedings, and reports. A total of 132 medicinal plants used by local people of Ethiopia are reported in the reviewed literature...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738809/assessment-of-the-mode-of-action-underlying-development-of-forestomach-tumors-in-rodents-following-oral-exposure-to-ethyl-acrylate-and-relevance-to-humans
#7
REVIEW
Chad M Thompson, Mina Suh, Grace Chappell, Susan Borghoff, Robert Ellis-Hutchings, Karin Wiench, Lavorgie Finch, Deborah M Proctor
Chronic repeated gavage dosing of high concentrations of ethyl acrylate (EA) causes forestomach tumors in rats and mice. For two decades, there has been general consensus that these tumors are unique to rodents because of: i) lack of carcinogenicity in other organs, ii) specificity to the forestomach (an organ unique to rodents which humans do not possess), iii) lack of carcinogenicity by other routes of exposure, and iv) obvious site of contact toxicity at carcinogenic doses. In 1986, EA was classified as possibly carcinogenic to humans by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC)...
May 5, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731175/identifying-the-gaps-resources-and-perspectives-on-the-use-of-nuclear-receptor-based-assays-to-improve-hazard-assessment-of-emerging-contaminants
#8
M M Santos, R Ruivo, A Capitão, E Fonseca, L F C Castro
Biological control of key processes, such as development and reproduction, is largely ascribed to a superfamily of ligand-dependent and independent transcription factors named Nuclear Receptors (NRs). Given their ability to accommodate ligands, NRs are prime targets of man-made compounds that mimic or antagonise the action of endogenous ligands. Accordingly, NRs occupy a prominent role in OECD and EPA guidelines for testing and assessment of Endocrine disrupting chemicals (EDCs). Although NR assays are already a key instrument in the OECD Conceptual Framework for Testing and Assessment of EDCs, the focus is mostly on vertebrate NRs...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684682/identification-and-validation-nucleolin-as-a-target-of-curcumol-in-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-cells
#9
Juan Wang, Jiacai Wu, Xumei Li, Haowei Liu, Jianli Qin, Zhun Bai, Bixia Chi, Chen Xu
Identification of the specific protein target(s) of a drug is a critical step in unraveling its mechanisms of action (MOA) in many natural products. Curcumol, isolated from well known Chinese medicinal plant Curcuma zedoary, has been shown to possess multiple biological activities. It can inhibit nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) proliferation and induce apoptosis, but its target protein(s) in NPC cells remains unclear. In this study, we employed a mass spectrometry-based chemical proteomics approach reveal the possible protein targets of curcumol in NPC cells...
April 20, 2018: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684431/an-adverse-outcome-pathway-aop-for-forestomach-tumors-induced-by-non-genotoxic-initiating-events
#10
Deborah M Proctor, Mina Suh, Grace Chappell, Susan J Borghoff, Chad M Thompson, Karin Wiench, Lavorgie Finch, Robert Ellis-Hutchings
The utility of rodent forestomach tumor data for hazard and risk assessment has been examined for decades because humans do not have a forestomach, and these tumors occur by varying modes of action (MOAs). We have used the MOA for ethyl acrylate (EA) to develop an Adverse Outcome Pathway (AOP) for forestomach tumors caused by non-genotoxic initiating events. These tumors occur secondary to site of contact induced epithelial cytotoxicity and regenerative repair-driven proliferation. For EA, the critical initiating event (IE) is epithelial cytotoxicity, and supporting key events (KEs) at the cellular and tissue level are increased cell proliferation (KE1) resulting in sustained hyperplasia (KE2), with the adverse outcome of forestomach papillomas and carcinomas...
April 20, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673940/minimum-datasets-to-establish-a-car-mediated-mode-of-action-for-rodent-liver-tumors
#11
Richard Peffer, Matthew LeBaron, Michael Battalora, Werner Bomann, Christoph Werner, Manoj Aggarwal, Rocky Rowe, Helen Tinwell
Methods for investigating the Mode of Action (MoA) for rodent liver tumors via constitutive androstane receptor (CAR) activation are outlined here, based on current scientific knowledge about CAR and feedback from regulatory agencies globally. The key events (i.e., CAR activation, altered gene expression, cell proliferation, altered foci and increased adenomas/carcinomas) can be demonstrated by measuring a combination of key events and associative events that are markers for the key events. For crop protection products, a primary dataset typically should include a short-term study in the species/strain that showed the tumor response at dose levels that bracket the tumorigenic and non-tumorigenic dose levels...
April 16, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669903/an-avian-seed-dispersal-paradox-new-zealand-s-extinct-megafaunal-birds-did-not-disperse-large-seeds
#12
Joanna K Carpenter, Jamie R Wood, Janet M Wilmshurst, Dave Kelly
Often the mutualistic roles of extinct species are inferred based on plausible assumptions, but sometimes palaeoecological evidence can overturn such inferences. We present an example from New Zealand, where it has been widely assumed that some of the largest-seeded plants were dispersed by the giant extinct herbivorous moa (Dinornithiformes). The presence of large seeds in preserved moa gizzard contents supported this hypothesis, and five slow-germinating plant species ( Elaeocarpus dentatus, E. hookerianus, Prumnopitys ferruginea, P...
April 25, 2018: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661806/daclizumab-therapy-for-multiple-sclerosis
#13
Bibiana Bielekova
Daclizumab is a humanized monoclonal antibody that prevents formation of high-affinity interleukin (IL)-2 receptor (IL-2R). Because activated T cells up-regulate high-affinity IL-2R and IL-2 is used to grow activated T cells in vitro, daclizumab was envisioned to selectively inhibit activated T cells. However, the mechanism of action (MOA) of daclizumab is surprisingly broad and it includes many unanticipated effects on innate immunity. Specifically, daclizumab modulates the development of innate lymphoid cells, leading to expansion of immunoregulatory CD56bright natural killer (NK) cells...
April 16, 2018: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650251/exploring-the-molecular-mechanisms-of-traditional-chinese-medicine-components-using-gene-expression-signatures-and-connectivity-map
#14
Minjae Yoo, Jimin Shin, Hyunmin Kim, Jihye Kim, Jaewoo Kang, Aik Choon Tan
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) has been practiced over thousands of years in China and other Asian countries for treating various symptoms and diseases. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms of TCM are poorly understood, partly due to the "multi-component, multi-target" nature of TCM. To uncover the molecular mechanisms of TCM, we perform comprehensive gene expression analysis using connectivity map. METHODS: We interrogated gene expression signatures obtained 102 TCM components using the next generation Connectivity Map (CMap) resource...
April 4, 2018: Computer Methods and Programs in Biomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649663/binary-mixtures-of-alcohol-ethoxylates-nonylphenol-ethoxylates-and-pesticides-exhibit-comparative-bioactivity-against-three-pests-and-toxicological-risks-to-aquatic-organisms
#15
Beixing Li, Jin Lin, Xiuyu Pang, Hua Li, Xiuhuan Li, Feng Liu, Wei Mu
Nonylphenol ethoxylates are widely used surfactants in the industry and agriculture. However, seeking for alternatives has been imperative considering their effects of the hormonal and other toxicological risks. In the current study, the synergistic effects of nonylphenol ethoxylates or alcohol ethoxylates on the bioactivity of indoxacarb and acetamiprid were compared. Results showed that synergistic ratios of nonylphenol ethoxylates (TX-7∼TX-30) and alcohol ethoxylates (MOA-5∼MOA-20) against Spodoptera exigua, Agrotis ipsilon and Aphis citricola decreased with the EO (ethylene oxide) numbers, although different magnitudes of decreases were observed...
April 7, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626562/a-human-relevance-investigation-of-ppar%C3%AE-mediated-key-events-in-the-hepatocarcinogenic-mode-of-action-of-propaquizafop-in-rats
#16
Christian Strupp, Werner H Bomann, François Spézia, Frédéric Gervais, Roy Forster, Lysiane Richert, Pramila Singh
Propaquizafop is an herbicide with demonstrated hepatocarcinogenic activity in rodents. A rodent-specific mode of action (MOA) in the liver via activation of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor α (PPARα) has been postulated based on existing data. Experience with PPARα-inducing pharmaceuticals indicates a lack of human relevance of this MOA. The objective of the present investigation was to evaluate the dependency of early key events leading to liver tumors on PPARα activation in wildtype (WT) compared to PPARα-knockout (KO) rats following 2 weeks exposure to 75, 500 and 1000 ppm propaquizafop in the diet...
April 4, 2018: Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology: RTP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617135/discovery-of-novel-dual-mechanism-of-action-src-signaling-and-tubulin-polymerization-inhibitors-kx2-391-and-kx2-361
#17
Michael P Smolinski, Yahao Bu, James Clements, Irwin H Gelman, Taher Hegab, David L Cutler, Jane W S Fang, Gerald Fetterly, Rudolf Kwan, Allen Barnett, Johnson Y N Lau, David G Hangauer
The discovery of potent, peptide site directed, tyrosine kinase inhibitors has remained an elusive goal. Herein we describe the discovery of two such clinical candidates that inhibit the tyrosine kinase Src. Compound 1 is a phase 3 clinical trial candidate that is likely to provide a first in class topical treatment for actinic keratosis (AK) with good efficacy and dramatically less toxicity compared to existing standard therapy. Compound 2 is a phase 1 clinical trial candidate that is likely to provide a first in class treatment of malignant glioblastoma and induces 30% long term complete tumor remission in animal models...
April 4, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605460/impairment-of-learning-and-memory-performances-induced-by-bpa-evidences-from-the-literature-of-a-moa-mediated-through-an-ed
#18
REVIEW
Sakina Mhaouty-Kodja, Luc P Belzunces, Marie-Chantal Canivenc, Henri Schroeder, Cécile Chevrier, Elodie Pasquier
Many rodent studies and a few non-human primate data report impairments of spatial and non-spatial memory induced by exposure to bisphenol A (BPA), which are associated with neural modifications, particularly in processes involved in synaptic plasticity. BPA-induced alterations involve disruption of the estrogenic pathway as established by reversal of BPA-induced effects with estrogenic receptor antagonist or by interference of BPA with administered estradiol in ovariectomised animals. Sex differences in hormonal impregnation during critical periods of development and their influence on maturation of learning and memory processes may explain the sexual dimorphism observed in BPA-induced effects in some studies...
March 29, 2018: Molecular and Cellular Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29604427/the-potential-role-of-malonic-acid-in-the-atmospheric-sulfuric-acid-ammonia-clusters-formation
#19
Haijie Zhang, Hao Li, Ling Liu, Yunhong Zhang, Xiuhui Zhang, Zesheng Li
Malonic acid (MOA), one of the major dicarboxylic acids (DCAs) in aerosols, has been identified experimentally and computationally to be a strong acid. However, its potential role in the atmospheric clusters formation is still ambiguous. Hence, the participant mechanism of MOA on the formation of atmospheric sulfuric acid (SA)- ammonia (A) clusters was investigated by combining computational methods with atmospheric cluster dynamics code (ACDC). The most stable molecular structures obtained at the M06-2X/6-311++G(3df,3pd) level of theory shows that the added MOA molecule in the SA-A-based clusters presents a promotion on the interactions between SA and A molecules...
March 24, 2018: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602083/antiepileptic-drug-treatment-of-generalized-tonic-clonic-seizures-an-evaluation-of-regulatory-data-and-five-criteria-for-drug-selection
#20
REVIEW
Simon D Shorvon, Pedro E Bermejo, Ayana A Gibbs, Gilles Huberfeld, Reetta Kälviäinen
BACKGROUND: A generalized tonic-clonic seizure (GTCS) is the most severe form of common epileptic seizure and carries the greatest risk of harm. The aim of this review is to provide an evidence-based guide for the selection of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) for patients with GTCSs. Eight AEDs are approved in Europe and the USA for the treatment of both primarily GTCSs (PGTCSs) and secondarily GTCSs (SGTCSs) and are considered in this paper. METHODS: Each AED is evaluated using five criteria: (1) efficacy, by seizure type (a: PGTCSs and b: SGTCSs); (2) adverse effects; (3) interactions; (4) adherence and dosing; and (5) mechanism of action (MOA)...
May 2018: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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