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Yan Zi, Jinfeng Ding, Jianmin Song, Gavin Humphreys, Yongxin Peng, Chunyan Li, Xinkai Zhu, Wenshan Guo
Waxy wheat has unique end-use properties; however, its production is limited due mainly to its low grain yield compared with non-waxy wheat. In order to increase its grain yield, it is critical to understand the eco-physiological differences in grain filling between the waxy and non-waxy wheat. In this study, two waxy wheat and two non-waxy wheat cultivars were used to investigate the differences in starch-associated enzymes processes, sucrose and starch dynamics, yield components, and the final grain yield...
March 14, 2018: Scientific Reports
Michael Karampelias, Ricardo Tejos, Jiří Friml, Steffen Vanneste
Immunolocalization is a valuable tool for cell biology research that allows to rapidly determine the localization and expression levels of endogenous proteins. In plants, whole-mount in situ immunolocalization remains a challenging method, especially in tissues protected by waxy layers and complex cell wall carbohydrates. Here, we present a robust method for whole-mount in situ immunolocalization in primary root meristems and lateral root primordia in Arabidopsis thaliana. For good epitope preservation, fixation is done in an alkaline paraformaldehyde/glutaraldehyde mixture...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
Kelly E Helmick, Michael M Garner, Jack Rhyan, Daniel Bradway
Two novel and distinct Brucella strains were recovered from 5 of 10 adult, sex undetermined, captive waxy tree frogs ( Phyllomedusa sauvagii) and two of five adult, sex undetermined, captive Colorado river toads ( Incilius alvarius) held in a zoologic collection with clinical and pathologic findings of bacterial disease. These amphibians originated from three separate private breeding facilities over several years and exhibited disease 9-49 mo following release from quarantine. Common presenting signs were vague but included focal abscessation, weight loss, change in coloration, anorexia, and decreased perching...
March 2018: Journal of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine: Official Publication of the American Association of Zoo Veterinarians
Kitti Intuyod, Aroonsri Priprem, Chawalit Pairojkul, Chariya Hahnvajanawong, Kulthida Vaeteewoottacharn, Porntip Pinlaor, Somchai Pinlaor
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a deleterious bile duct tumor with poor prognosis and is relatively resistant to chemotherapy. Therefore, alternative or supplementary agents with anticancer and chemosensitizing activities may be useful for the treatment of CCA. A novel anthocyanin complex (AC) nanoparticle, developed from extracts of cobs of purple waxy corn and petals of blue butterfly pea, has exhibited chemopreventive potential in vivo. In the present study, the anti-CCA activities of AC and their underlying molecular mechanisms were investigated further in vitro using a CCA cell line (KKU213)...
March 7, 2018: International Journal of Oncology
Paula K Okuro, Iris Tavernier, Mohd D Bin Sintang, Andre G Skirtach, António A Vicente, Koen Dewettinck, Rosiane L Cunha
In this study, the effect of lecithin (LEC) on the crystallization and gelation of fruit wax (FW) with sunflower oil was researched. A synergistic effect on the gel strength was observed at FW : LEC ratios of 75 : 25 and 50 : 50, compared to the corresponding single component formulations (100 : 0 and 0 : 100). Even below the critical gelling concentration (Cg ) of FW, the addition of lecithin enabled gel formation. Lecithin affected the thermal behavior of the structure by delaying both crystallization and gel formation...
March 6, 2018: Food & Function
Marco Mangiacotti, Marco Fumagalli, Stefano Scali, Marco A L Zuffi, Maddalena Cagnone, Roberta Salvini, Roberto Sacchi
Femoral glands of male lizards produce waxy secretions that are involved in inter- and intraspecific chemical communication. The main components of these secretions are proteins and lipids, the latter having been extensively studied and already associated to male quality. On the opposite, the composition and role of proteins are nearly unknown, the only available information coming from few studies on iguanids. These studies got the conclusion that proteins might have a communicative function, notably they could signal individual identity...
December 2017: Current Zoology
Jian Wang, Xuemei Zhong, Fenghai Li, Zhensheng Shi
Nicosulfuron is a postemergence herbicide used for weed control in maize fields (Zea mays L.). We used the pair of nearly isogenic inbred lines, SN509-R (nicosulfuron resistant) and SN509-S (nicosulfuron sensitive), to study the effect of nicosulfuron on growth, oxidative stress, and the ascorbate-glutathione (AA-GSH) cycle in waxy maize seedlings. Nicosulfuron treatment was applied when the fourth leaves were fully developed and the obtained effects were compared to water treatment as control. After nicosulfuron treatment, compared to SN509-R, the death of SN509-S might be associated with increased oxidative stress, since higher O2 - and H2 O2 accumulations were observed in SN509-S...
February 2018: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
Stephen V Gordon, Tanya Parish
MΦ, Macrophage; DC, Dendritic cell; CORD, Cord factor; MDR, Multidrug resistance.Mycobacterium tuberculosis is an expert and deadly pathogen, causing the disease tuberculosis (TB) in humans. It has several notable features: the ability to enter non-replicating states for long periods and cause latent infection; metabolic remodelling during chronic infection; a thick, waxy cell wall; slow growth rate in culture; and intrinsic drug resistance and antibiotic tolerance. As a pathogen, M. tuberculosis has a complex relationship with its host, is able to replicate inside macrophages, and expresses diverse immunomodulatory molecules...
February 21, 2018: Microbiology
Luis Cuitláhuac Becerra-Pedraza, Luis Enrique Jiménez-Martínez, Iran Peña-Morfin, Rogelio Nava-Esquivel, Juan Alfredo Villegas-Martínez
INTRODUCTION: Priapism is an uncommon sign and sometimes considered a diagnosis challenge into systemic disease; this is defined as ≥4 h continuous penile erection, without sexual stimulation. We state that this work has been reported in line with the SCARE criteria PRESENTATION OF CASE: A Mexican 52-year-old man was brought to the emergency room with priapism of six days of evolution. His medical history reported fatigue and waxy pallor had begun a month ago, the rest of interrogation was unremarked...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Marcelo Francisco Dos Santos, Magna Aparecida Maltauro Soares, Maria Anete Lallo, Darci Moraes Barros-Battesti, Solange de Lima-Netto, Diva Denelle Spadacci-Morena
The Gené's organ (GO) secretes a waxy substance on eggs that reduces water loss and has antimicrobial properties. The current study evaluated morphological and histochemical aspects of GO in Amblyomma sculptum from the period of post-feeding - when ticks detach from the host - to the stage just before oviposition. In this species, GO is composed of a corpus and two pairs of glands, namely, cranial and caudal. Glandular cells are joined laterally by a system of interdigitating membranes with junctional complexes...
January 29, 2018: Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases
Christina Bergqvist, Bilal Abdallah, Divina-Justina Hasbani, Ossama Abbas, Abdul Ghani Kibbi, Lamiaa Hamie, Mazen Kurban, Nelly Rubeiz
Congenital Hemidysplasia with Ichthyosiform nevus and Limb Defects (CHILD syndrome) is a rare X-linked dominant genodermatosis caused by mutations in the NAD(P) dependent steroid dehydrogenase-like protein gene. Its defect leads to accumulation of toxic metabolic intermediates upstream from the pathway block and to the deficiency of bulk cholesterol, probably leading to altered keratinocyte membrane function, resulting in the phenotype seen in CHILD syndrome. Symptomatic treatment using emollients and retinoids to reduce scaling has long been used until recently, whereby new therapeutic means based on the pathogenesis-targeted therapy have been developed...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
Isara Wattananapakasem, Adele Costabile, Prisana Suwannaporn
Black waxy and red jasmine rice flour (6.5% and 18.7% amylose content, respectively) were modified using pullulanase followed by heat-moisture treatment (Hydrolyzed-HMT) to produce microcapsules that entrapped L. plantarum TISTR 1465. Hydrolyzed-HMT of colored rice flours showed restricted pasting properties, lower breakdown and higher thermal properties than native flour (p<0.05). Hydrolysis treatment was able to promote a low molecular weight starch that easily formed a crystalline structure after HMT...
January 2018: Food Research International
Fengjuan Xiang, Les Copeland, Shuo Wang, Shujun Wang
The nature of phase transitions of waxy maize starch heated in mixtures of water and ionic liquid (IL) was elucidated using a variety of analytical methods. The transition from a single endotherm to an exotherm followed by an endotherm, and then to a single exotherm was observed with the increasing concentration of IL. The results showed that at To of DSC phase transition no structural disruption had occurred. Except for the water/IL ratios of 1.5:1 and 1:1, there was considerable structural disruption of starch samples that were preheated to Tp or Tp2 of gelatinization transition...
January 26, 2018: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Jarussri Chanwattanakit, Sumaeth Chavadej
Laundry detergency of solid non-particulate soil on polyester and cotton was investigated using a microemulsion-based formulation, consisting of an anionic extended surfactant (C12,13-4PO-SO4Na) and sodium mono-and di-methyl naphthalene sulfonate (SMDNS) as the hydrophilic linker, to provide a Winsor Type III microemulsion with an ultralow interfacial tension (IFT). In this work, methyl palmitate (palmitic acid methyl ester) having a melting point around 30℃, was used as a model solid non-particulate (waxy) soil...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Oleo Science
Yacheng Hao, Yun Chen, Qian Li, Qunyu Gao
A comparative experiment about the production of starch nanocrystals (SNCs) with/without glucoamylase enzymatic pretreatment by sulfate acid hydrolysis from waxy potato starch (WPS) was employed in the present study. The research focused on the enhancement of the preparation efficiency while improving the dispersion of SNCs at the same time. The enzymatic pretreatment resulted in the decrease of acid hydrolysis duration. The minimum size and best dispersibility of nanocrystals was obtained after 5 days of hydrolysis...
March 15, 2018: Carbohydrate Polymers
Ghada A Bin Saif, Hala M Alotaibi, Abdullateef A Alzolibani, Noor A Almodihesh, Hamad F Albraidi, Najed M Alotaibi, Gil Yosipovitch
To evaluate the association between psychological stress and skin symptoms among medical students.  Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out between January and June 2015. Electronic survey consists of Perceived Stress Questionnaire (PSQ) and Self-Reported Skin Complaints Questionnaire were distributed to all 1435 undergraduate students at College of Medicine, King Saud University (KSU), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Results: Final analysis was performed on data from 529 (36.9%) students. Students were divided into three groups: least stressed students, n=135, PSQ index less than 0...
January 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
Rashmi Manur, Ihab Lamzabi
Amyloidosis is a rare condition resulting from extracellular deposition of amyloid, a fibrillary material derived from various precursor proteins. Involvement of the pleura by amyloidosis is a rare but serious complication. Pleural amyloidosis is primarily diagnosed by identifying amyloid deposition by histology on pleural biopsy specimens. Hereby, we report a case of systemic amyloidosis where we were able to identify amyloid in a pleural effusion specimen sent for cytopathology evaluation. A 59-year-old male with newly diagnosed multiple myeloma and systemic amyloidosis underwent therapeutic thoracentesis...
December 27, 2017: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Hao Zhang, Zhengxing Chen, Xing Zhou, Jian He, Tao Wang, Xiaohu Luo, Li Wang, Ren Wang
Amylosucrase is a valuable enzymatic tool for the preparation of resistant starch (RS). This study investigated the morphology, thermal properties and molecular structure of the RS components resulting from the digestion of amylosucrase modified starches (MSs). Morphology of starch samples suggests that the surface of MSs is partially attacked by the digestion enzymes. Besides, the peak melting temperature of RSs shows a considerable increase compared with that of the corresponding MSs. Branch chain length distributions data reveals that the long branch chains of MSs are prone to being hydrolyzed, and the branch chains with degree polymerization of 22-32 are the largest populations among the RS components...
December 20, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Christopher C Wirth, Aaron D Smith
The rarely collected, previously monotypic, darkling beetle genus Trichiotes is reviewed, including new state and country records for T. seriatus Casey, 1907 and a new species, Trichiotes lightfooti Wirth & Smith, n. sp., is described from the Cuatrociénegas Protected Area in Coahuila, Mexico. Differences in stridulatory structures between the species are discussed and the occurrence of a waxy, extracuticular pruinescence is reported for Trichiotes. A species key to the genus is provided and a checklist of the known Tenebrionidae from the Cuatrociénegas region is presented...
November 14, 2017: Zootaxa
Fengbei Fu, Fusheng Li, Shaozhong Kang
Alternate partial root-zone drip irrigation (ADI) or fertigation has favorable effect on crop water- and nitrogen- use efficiencies (WUE and NUE). However, the advantage of combined application of ADI and nitrogen fertigation on crop WUE and NUE remains unclear. A pot experiment was conducted to investigate the impact of three irrigation methods (CDI conventional drip irrigation (both halves of pot irrigated), ADI (both halves of pot alternatively irrigated) and FDI fixed partial root-zone drip irrigation (fixed half of pot irrigated)) and five nitrogen treatments (F0 no N supplied, F1-F4 0...
December 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
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