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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531394/predictive-factors-of-early-mortality-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-placement-the-importance-of-c-reactive-protein
#1
Mara Barbosa, Joana Magalhaes, Carla Marinho, Jose Cotter
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is considered one of the preferred routes for long-term enteral feeding. However, early mortality after PEG placement is high. We aimed at analyzing overall and early mortality in patients who underwent PEG insertion and at identifying risk factors of increased mortality after the procedure. METHODS: Retrospective study which included patients who had a PEG insertion at our department between May 2007 and January 2013...
August 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530308/-influenza-vaccination-among-healthcare-workers-the-data-and-the-duty
#2
Sonia Habib, Shmuel Rishpon, Itamar Grotto, Arnon Afek
Seasonal influenza is a significant disease affecting public health due to substantial morbidity and mortality and a high economic burden. in view of its high propensity for genetic mutations, the virus can easily evade preexisting immunity acquired from prior exposure to it, thereby causing severe seasonal epidemics. Influenza vaccination has been shown to be safe and effective. In many countries, including Israel, it is recommended to all members of the population aged 6 months and older, especially those with a higher risk of developing severe complications...
January 2017: Harefuah
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529879/beyond-the-raccoon-roundworm-the-natural-history-of-non-raccoon-baylisascaris-species-in-the-new-world
#3
REVIEW
Sarah G H Sapp, Pooja Gupta, Melissa K Martin, Maureen H Murray, Kevin D Niedringhaus, Madeleine A Pfaff, Michael J Yabsley
A total of 10 species of Baylisascaris, a genus of ascaridoid nematodes, occur worldwide and 6 of them occur in the New World. Most of the Baylisascaris species have a similar life cycle with carnivorous mammals or marsupials serving as definitive hosts and a smaller prey host serving as paratenic (or intermediate) hosts. However, one species in rodents is unique in that it only has one host. Considerable research has been conducted on B. procyonis, the raccoon roundworm, as it is a well-known cause of severe to fatal neurologic disease in humans and many wildlife species...
August 2017: International Journal for Parasitology. Parasites and Wildlife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529463/nutrition-practices-and-knowledge-among-ncaa-division-iii-football-players
#4
Elizabeth Lea Abbey, Cynthia Joy Wright, Christina M Kirkpatrick
BACKGROUND: Participation in collegiate American football is physically demanding and may have long-term health implications, particularly in relation to cardiovascular and neurological health. National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Division III (DIII) football players are a relatively unstudied population, particularly in terms of their dietary habits and knowledge. The aim of the present study was to descriptively evaluate the dietary intake of DIII football players including a subset of linemen and assess the nutritional knowledge and sources of information of these athletes...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528896/clinical-effects-of-air-pollution-on-the-central-nervous-system-a-review
#5
REVIEW
Robin M Babadjouni, Drew M Hodis, Ryan Radwanski, Ramon Durazo, Arati Patel, Qinghai Liu, William J Mack
The purpose of this review is to describe recent clinical and epidemiological studies examining the adverse effects of urban air pollution on the central nervous system (CNS). Air pollution and particulate matter (PM) are associated with neuroinflammation and reactive oxygen species (ROS). These processes affect multiple CNS pathways. The conceptual framework of this review focuses on adverse effects of air pollution with respect to neurocognition, white matter disease, stroke, and carotid artery disease. Both children and older individuals exposed to air pollution exhibit signs of cognitive dysfunction...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527757/comparative-analysis-of-peri-operative-complications-between-a-multicenter-prospective-cervical-deformity-database-and-the-nationwide-inpatient-sample-database
#6
Peter G Passias, Samantha R Horn, Cyrus M Jalai, Gregory Poorman, Olivia J Bono, Subaraman Ramchandran, Justin S Smith, Justin K Scheer, Daniel M Sciubba, D Kojo Hamilton, Gregory Mundis, Cheongeun Oh, Eric O Klineberg, Virginie Lafage, Christopher I Shaffrey, Christopher P Ames
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Complication rates for adult cervical deformity are poorly characterized given the complexity and heterogeneity of cases. PURPOSE: To compare peri-operative complication rates following adult cervical deformity corrective surgery between a prospective multi-center database for cervical deformity patients (PCD) and Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS). STUDY DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective review of prospective databases. PATIENT SAMPLE: 11,501 adult cervical deformity patients (11,379 patients from NIS and 122 patients from PCD database)...
May 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527755/perioperative-neurologic-complications-during-spinal-fusion-surgery-incidence-and-trends
#7
Parthasarathy Thirumala, James Zhou, Piruthiviraj Natarajan, Jeffrey Balzer, Edward Dixon, David Okonkwo, D K Hamilton
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Perioperative neurologic complications after spine surgery may increase morbidity and healthcare costs related to the procedure. PURPOSE: We estimate the national incidence of perioperative neurologic complications following anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), posterior cervical fusion, and thoracolumbar fusion procedures using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) data from 1999 to 2011. Additionally, we identify risk factors for developing perioperative neurologic complications and the effects of these injuries on quantifiable patient outcomes...
May 17, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527483/single-fetal-death-in-monochorionic-twin-pregnancy-co-twin-prognosis-and-neonatal-outcome
#8
Emídio Vale-Fernandes, Joana Dias, Belandina Gil, Alexandra Cadilhe
The incidence of single fetal death in twin pregnancy varies from 0.5% - 6.8%, leaving the surviving fetus with increased morbi-mortality. The prognosis is worse in monochorionic pregnancies. In addressing these cases it should be noted referral to tertiary center with differentiated perinatal support, induction of fetal lung maturation and termination of pregnancy if there's loss of fetal well-being or possibility of maternal complications and suspected neurological sequelae in the surviving fetus. The risk of iatrogenic prematurity should always be weighed with the possible consequences arising from the fetus staying in a hostile uterine environment...
February 27, 2017: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527266/-risk-factors-associated-with-the-development-of-perinatal-asphyxia-in-neonates-at-the-hospital-universitario-del-valle-cali-colombia-2010-2011
#9
Javier Torres-Muñoz, Christian Rojas, Diana Mendoza-Urbano, Darly Marín-Cuero, Sandra Orobio, Carlos Echandía
INTRODUCTION: Perinatal asphyxia is one of the main causes of perinatal mortality and morbidity worldwide and it generates high costs for health systems; however, it has modifiable risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors associated with the development of perinatal asphyxia in newborns at Hospital Universitario del Valle, Cali, Colombia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Incident cases and concurrent controls were examined. Cases were defined as newborns with moderate to severe perinatal asphyxia who were older than or equal to 36 weeks of gestational age, needed advanced resuscitation and presented one of the following: early neurological disorders, multi-organ commitment or a sentinel event...
April 1, 2017: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526927/sodium-thiosulphate-attenuates-brain-inflammation-induced-by-systemic-lipopolysaccharide-administration-in-c57bl-6j-mice
#10
Gonzalo Acero, Miryam Nava Catorce, Ricardo González-Mendoza, Marco Antonio Meraz-Rodríguez, Luis Fernando Hernández-Zimbron, Roberto González-Salinas, Goar Gevorkian
It has been demonstrated that peripheral infections accompanied by neuroinflammation may modify brain development or affect normal brain aging and represent major risk factors for the development of neurological disorders. A wide range of synthetic and natural compounds with anti-inflammatory properties have been evaluated in animal models of neuroinflammation and neurodegeneration as an adjuvant therapeutic strategy. In the present study we have demonstrated for the first time that sodium thiosulphate (STS), a known antidote approved for treatment of certain medical conditions, is capable of reducing brain inflammation caused by systemic LPS administration...
May 19, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526917/do-we-know-the-outcome-predictors-for-cauda-equine-syndrome-ces-a-retrospective-single-center-analysis-of-60-patients-with-ces-with-a-suggestion-for-a-new-score-to-measure-severity-of-symptoms
#11
Alexander König, Lisa Amelung, Marco Danne, Ullrich Meier, Johannes Lemcke
OBJECTIVE: Despite the awareness and familiarity of almost every medical professional with the cauda equine compression syndrome (CES), risk factors for a poor prognosis of the disease remain elusive. Even the relationship between subsequent outcome and the time elapsed from the time of appearance of symptoms to surgery taking place remain obscure. The aim of our study, therefore, was to analyze a relatively large population of our own patients studied consecutively, to identify outcome predictors for CES and to propose a clinical score for CES symptoms (Berlin CES score)...
May 19, 2017: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526648/somatosensory-evoked-potentials-during-temporary-arterial-occlusion-for-intracranial-aneurysm-surgery-predictive-value-for-perioperative-stroke
#12
Ahmed I Kashkoush, Brian T Jankowitz, Paul Gardner, Robert M Friedlander, Yue-Fang Chang, Donald J Crammond, Jeffrey R Balzer, Parthasarathy D Thirumala
BACKGROUND: Temporary arterial occlusion (TAO) is a valuable tool for minimizing intraoperative rupture risk during intracranial aneurysm microsurgery; however, it may also be associated with ischemic injury. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to identify surgical and intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) factors that predict perioperative stroke risk after TAO. METHODS: We performed a retrospective chart review of 177 intracranial aneurysm surgeries at our institution, in which TAO was performed before the placement of a permanent clip under monitoring with somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) and electroencephalography (EEG)...
May 16, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526435/the-bidirectional-gut-brain-microbiota-axis-as-a-potential-nexus-between-traumatic-brain-injury-inflammation-and-disease
#13
Mark H Sundman, Nan-Kuei Chen, Vignesh Subbian, Ying-Hui Chou
As head injuries and their sequelae have become an increasingly salient matter of public health, experts in the field have made great progress elucidating the biological processes occurring within the brain at the moment of injury and throughout the recovery thereafter. Given the extraordinary rate at which our collective knowledge of neurotrauma has grown, new insights may be revealed by examining the existing literature across disciplines with a new perspective. This article will aim to expand the scope of this rapidly evolving field of research beyond the confines of the central nervous system (CNS)...
May 16, 2017: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526280/an-overview-of-medical-risk-factors-for-childhood-psychosis-implications-for-research-and-treatment
#14
REVIEW
Marianna Giannitelli, Angèle Consoli, Marie Raffin, Renaud Jardri, Douglas F Levinson, David Cohen, Claudine Laurent-Levinson
OBJECTIVE: Psychotic disorders in childhood and early adolescence often progress to chronic schizophrenia, but in many cases there are diagnosable medical and genetic causes or risk factors. We reviewed our clinical experience and the relevant literature to identify these factors and to define their clinical features, appropriate work-up and treatment. METHOD: We reviewed the results of comprehensive medical evaluations of 160 psychotic children and adolescents in our center...
May 16, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526085/papillary-fibroelastoma-unusual-cause-of-stroke-in-a-young-man-a-case-report
#15
Elisabetta Grolla, Michele Dalla Vestra, Giampaolo Zoffoli, Riccardo D'Ascoli, Adriana Critelli, Rocco Quatrale, Domenico Mangino, Fausto Rigo
BACKGROUND: Papillary fibroelastoma is the third most common primary benign tumor with an incidence of up to 0.33% in autopsy series; it accounts for approximately 75% of all cardiac valvular tumors. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a rare case of a 28-Year-old man that while playing football, had a sudden onset of neurological deficit: aphasia, right hemiparesis and right facial numbness. Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) showed a 10x10 mm mass attached to the anterior mitral valve leaflet...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525979/the-association-between-lunar-phase-and-intracranial-aneurysm-rupture-myth-or-reality-own-data-and-systematic-review
#16
Adomas Bunevicius, Agne Gendvilaite, Vytenis Pranas Deltuva, Arimantas Tamasauskas
BACKGROUND: It is a common belief in medical community that lunar phases have an impact on human health. A growing body of evidence indicates that lunar phases can predict the risk to develop acute neurological and vascular disorders. The goal of present report was to present our institution data and to perform systematic review of studies examining the association of intracranial aneurysm rupture with moon phases. METHODS: We identified all patients admitted to our department for ruptured intracranial aneurysms in a period between November, 2011 and December, 2014...
May 19, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525972/association-of-fibrinogen-level-with-early-neurological-deterioration-among-acute-ischemic-stroke-patients-with-diabetes
#17
Seong-Joon Lee, Ji Man Hong, Sung Eun Lee, Dae Ryong Kang, Bruce Ovbiagele, Andrew M Demchuk, Jin Soo Lee
BACKGROUND: Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a risk factor for early neurological deterioration (END) in acute ischemic stroke. The prothrombotic protein fibrinogen is frequently elevated in patients with diabetes, and may be associated with poorer prognoses. We evaluated whether fibrinogen is associated with END in patients with diabetes after acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: We included 3814 patients from a single hospital database admitted within 72 h of onset of ischemic stroke...
May 19, 2017: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525491/surgery-for-chronic-traumatic-atlantoaxial-dislocation-associated-with-myelopathy
#18
Lingjun Wang, Yong Gu, Liang Chen, Huilin Yang
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the outcomes of myelopathy caused by atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: No reports to date have accurately evaluated the results of surgery for delayed myelopathy for patients with chronic AAD. Thus, the appropriate surgical time and methods of decompression and fusion remain a hot debate. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In our study, 18 patients underwent decompression, fixation, and fusion...
June 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523031/myocardial-protection-with-glucose-insulin-potassium-infusion-during-adult-cardiac-surgery
#19
Suhail Ahmad, Rana Altaf Ahmad, Bilal Ahsan Qureshi, Mirza Ahmad Raza Baig
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Recent meta-analysis reports have called for more randomized trials to evaluate the effectiveness of GIK solution in patients of cardiac surgery. So this study was conducted to evaluate the effectiveness of Glucose-insulin-potassium (GIK) solutions in non-diabetic patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting. METHODS: A total number of one hundred and sixty (160) patients were randomized into two equal groups; GIK Group and non-GIK group...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522822/physical-activity-and-risk-of-comorbidities-in-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-a-cohort-study
#20
Tsung Yu, Gerben Ter Riet, Milo A Puhan, Anja Frei
Multi-morbidity is common in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and low levels of physical activity are hypothesized to be an important risk factor. The current study aimed to assess the longitudinal association between physical activity and risk of seven categories of comorbidity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. The study included 409 patients from primary care practice in the Netherlands and Switzerland. We assessed physical activity using the Longitudinal Ageing Study Amsterdam Physical Activity Questionnaire at baseline and followed patients for up to 5 years...
May 18, 2017: NPJ Primary Care Respiratory Medicine
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