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Muscle strengthenning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023317/effects-of-physical-exercise-in-older-adults-with-reduced-physical-capacity-meta-analysis-of-resistance-exercise-and-multimodal-exercise
#1
Chiung-Ju Liu, Wen-Pin Chang, Islene Araujo de Carvalho, Katie E L Savage, Lori W Radford, Jotheeswaran Amuthavalli Thiyagarajan
Older adults with reduced physical capacity are at greater risk of progression to care dependency. Progressive resistance strength exercise and multimodal exercise have been studied to restore reduced physical capacity. To summarize the best evidence of the two exercise regimes, this meta-analysis study appraised randomized-controlled trials from published systematic reviews. Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Review and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Clinical Trials were searched for relevant systematic reviews...
October 11, 2017: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020716/improving-joint-pain-and-function-in-osteoarthritis
#2
Claire Owens, Philip G Conaghan
Osteoarthritis has become a major chronic pain condition. It affects more than 10% of adults and accounts for almost 10% of health service resources. The impact of osteoarthritis is amplified by underuse of effective muscle strengthening exercises and a focus on often less effective and poorly tolerated analgesic therapies. Although traditionally considered to be primarily a disease of cartilage, there is now ample evidence that typical clinical osteoarthritis involves multiple tissue pathologies. Increased BMI is associated with a higher incidence of knee osteoarthritis...
December 2016: Practitioner
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993048/total-physical-activity-exercise-intensity-and-walking-speed-as-predictors-of-all-cause-and-cause-specific-mortality-over-7%C3%A2-years-in-older-men-the-concord-health-and-aging-in-men-project
#3
Benjumin Hsu, Dafna Merom, Fiona M Blyth, Vasi Naganathan, Vasant Hirani, David G Le Couteur, Markus J Seibel, Louise M Waite, David J Handelsman, Robert G Cumming
OBJECTIVE: The study aimed to examine the contemporaneous temporal association between changes in total physical activity, sports intensity, muscle strengthening exercise, and walking speed as predictors of all-cause, cardiovascular, cancer and other cause-specific mortality in older men. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, MEASUREMENTS: Community-dwelling men aged 70 years and older from Concord Health and Aging in Men Project were assessed at baseline (2005-2007, n = 1705), 2 years (n = 1367), and 5 years follow-up (n = 958)...
October 6, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981487/oxygen-consumption-in-platelets-as-an-adjunct-diagnostic-method-for-pediatric-mitochondrial-disease
#4
Emil Westerlund, Sigurður E Marelsson, Johannes K Ehinger, Fredrik Sjövall, Saori Morota, Eleonor Åsander Frostner, Anders Oldfors, Niklas Darin, Johan Lundgren, Magnus J Hansson, Vineta Fellman, Eskil Elmér
BACKGROUND: Diagnosing mitochondrial disease (MD) is a challenge. In addition to genetic analyses, clinical practice is to perform invasive procedures such as muscle biopsy for biochemical and histochemical analyses. Blood cell respirometry is rapid and non-invasive. Our aim was to explore its possible role in diagnosing MD. METHODS: Blood samples were collected from 113 pediatric patients, for whom MD was a differential diagnosis. A respiratory analysis model based on ratios (independent of mitochondrial specific content) was derived from a group of healthy controls and tested on the patients...
October 5, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979595/multidirectional-shoulder-instability-treatment
#5
Miguel Angel Ruiz Ibán, Jorge Díaz Heredia, Miguel García Navlet, Francisco Serrano, María Santos Oliete
BACKGROUND: The treatment of multidirectional instability of the shoulder is complex. The surgeon should have a clear understanding of the role of hiperlaxity, anatomical variations, muscle misbalance and possible traumatic incidents in each patient. METHODS: A review of the relevant literature was performed including indexed journals in English and Spanish. The review was focused in both surgical and conservative management of multidirectional shoulder instability...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977091/pelvic-floor-muscle-training-protocol-for-stress-urinary-incontinence-in-women-a-systematic-review
#6
Marlene Oliveira, Margarida Ferreira, Maria João Azevedo, João Firmino-Machado, Paula Clara Santos
INTRODUCTION: Strengthening exercises for pelvic floor muscles (SEPFM) are considered the first approach in the treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). Nevertheless, there is no evidence about training parameters. OBJECTIVE: To identify the protocol and/or most effective training parameters in the treatment of female SUI. METHOD: A literature research was conducted in the PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, Web of Science and Lilacs databases, with publishing dates ranging from January 1992 to March 2014...
July 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973024/is-two-better-than-one-muscle-vibration-plus-robotic-rehabilitation-to-improve-upper-limb-spasticity-and-function-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Rocco Salvatore Calabrò, Antonino Naro, Margherita Russo, Demetrio Milardi, Antonino Leo, Serena Filoni, Antonia Trinchera, Placido Bramanti
Even though robotic rehabilitation is very useful to improve motor function, there is no conclusive evidence on its role in reducing post-stroke spasticity. Focal muscle vibration (MV) is instead very useful to reduce segmental spasticity, with a consequent positive effect on motor function. Therefore, it could be possible to strengthen the effects of robotic rehabilitation by coupling MV. To this end, we designed a pilot randomized controlled trial (Clinical Trial NCT03110718) that included twenty patients suffering from unilateral post-stroke upper limb spasticity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968547/hip-movement-pathomechanics-of-patients-with-hip-osteoarthritis-aim-at-reducing-hip-joint-loading-on-the-osteoarthritic-side
#8
Christophe A G Meyer, Mariska Wesseling, Kristoff Corten, Angela Nieuwenhuys, Davide Monari, Jean-Pierre Simon, Ilse Jonkers, Kaat Desloovere
This study aims at defining gait pathomechanics in patients with hip osteoarthritis (OA) and their effect on hip joint loading by combining analyses of hip kinematics, kinetics and contact forces during gait. Twenty patients with hip OA and 17 healthy volunteers matched for age and BMI performed three-dimensional gait analysis. Hip OA level was evaluated based on plane radiographs using the Tönnis classification. Hip joint kinematics, kinetics as well as hip contact forces were calculated. Waveforms were time normalized and compared between groups using statistical parametric mapping analysis...
September 22, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963703/bioaccumulation-and-public-health-implications-of-trace-metals-in-edible-tissues-of-the-crustaceans-scylla-serrata-and-penaeus-monodon-from-the-tanzanian-coast
#9
Cyrus Rumisha, Martine Leermakers, Robinson H Mdegela, Marc Kochzius, Marc Elskens
The coastal population in East Africa is growing rapidly but sewage treatment and recycling facilities in major cities and towns are poorly developed. Since estuarine mangroves are the main hotspots for pollutants, there is a potential for contaminants to accumulate in edible fauna and threaten public health. This study analysed trace metals in muscle tissues of the giant mud crabs (Scylla serrata) and the giant tiger prawns (Penaeus monodon) from the Tanzanian coast, in order to determine the extent of bioaccumulation and public health risks...
September 30, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956976/parastomal-hernia-and-physical-activity-are-patients-getting-the-right-advice
#10
Sarah Russell
This article draws on a large nationwide survey (2631 respondents) that investigated the physical health and wellbeing of people living with stomas in the UK. It specifically considers the findings relating to parastomal hernia (where additional loops of bowel protrude through the abdominal wall around the stoma, creating a bulge). In this survey, 26% of respondents reported that they had a medically diagnosed parastomal hernia, which is below average when compared with other estimates. The impact of parastomal hernia on physical activity levels was the most significant finding: 32% of those with a medically diagnosed hernia reported being 'much less active' than they were prior to their surgery (compared with 19% without a hernia)...
September 28, 2017: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956638/physiological-and-psychological-correlates-of%C3%A2-attention-related-body-sensations-tingling%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-warmth
#11
B T Tihanyi, F Köteles
Body sensations play an essential role in the subjective evaluation of our physical health, illness, and healing. They are impacted by peripheral somatic and external processes, but they are also heavily modulated by mental processes, e.g., attention, motor control, and emotion. Body sensations, such as tingling, numbness, pulse, and warmth, can emerge due to simply focusing attention on a body part. It is however an open question, if these sensations are connected with actual peripheral changes or happen "only in the mind...
September 1, 2017: Physiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952870/effects-of-three-infraspinatus-muscle-strengthening-exercises-on-isokinetic-peak-torque-and-muscle-activity
#12
Il-Young Yu, Dong-Kyu Lee, Myoung-Joo Kang, Jaeseop Oh
CONTEXT: The infraspinatus muscle plays a particularly important role in producing primary external rotation (ER) torque and dynamic stability of the shoulder joint. Previous studies have reported that prone external rotation with horizontal abduction (PER), side-lying wiper exercise (SWE), and standing external rotation (STER) were effective exercises for strengthening the infraspinatus. However, we do not have enough knowledge about changes in muscle strength and dynamic muscle activity in each exercise under dynamic conditions...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947166/upper-limb-isokinetic-strengthening-versus-passive-mobilization-in-patients-with-chronic-stroke-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
F Coroian, C Jourdan, K Bakhti, C Palayer, A Jaussent, M C Picot, D Mottet, M Julia, H Y Bonnin, I Laffont
OBJECTIVE: To assess the benefit of isokinetic strengthening (IS) of the upper limb (UL) in chronic stroke patients, compared to passive mobilization. DESIGN: Randomized blinded assessor controlled trial. SETTING: PRM departments of two University Hospitals. PARTICIPANTS: 20 patients with incomplete hemiplegia, 16 men, mean age 64 years, median time since stroke 32 months. INTERVENTION: A 6-week comprehensive rehabilitation program, 3 days/week, three sessions/day...
September 22, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946532/a-randomized-controlled-study-on-the-efficiency-of-soft-tissue-mobilization-in-babies-with-congenital-muscular-torticollis
#14
Hilal Keklicek, Fatma Uygur
BACKROUND: Soft tissue mobilization techniques (STM) are used in clinical practice in treatment of congenital muscular torticollis(CMT).However, little is known about its effectiveness. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether using STM to manage CMT in babies with mild to moderate head tilt was effective or not. METHODS: Twenty-nine babies with CMT aged between 0-6 months, who had a head tilt from 5 to 20 degrees were allocated to two groups. Both groups received a baseline home program (positioning, handling strategies, stretching and strengthening exercises, environmental adaptations)...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941657/effects-of-a-complex-rehabilitation-program-on-edema-status-physical-function-and-quality-of-life-in-lower-limb-lymphedema-after-gynecological-cancer-surgery
#15
Jung Hwa Do, Kyoung Hyo Choi, Jun Su Ahn, Jae Yong Jeon
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a complex rehabilitation (CR) program and complex decongestive therapy (CDT) on edema status, physical function, and quality of life in patients with unilateral lower-limb lymphedema after gynecologic cancer surgery. METHODS: In this randomized pilot study, 40 patients with secondary unilateral lymphedema, after gynecologic surgery for cervical, endometrial, or ovarian cancer, that had been diagnosed based on clinical assessment and 10% volume differences between the legs were randomly assigned to the CDT (n=20) and CDT combined with CR (CRCDT; n=20) groups...
September 20, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935950/transcriptome-analyses-suggest-a-novel-hypothesis-for-whitefly-adaptation-to-tobacco
#16
Wen-Qiang Xia, Xin-Ru Wang, Yan Liang, Shu-Sheng Liu, Xiao-Wei Wang
The adaptation of herbivorous insects to various host plants facilitates the spread and outbreak of many important invasive pests, however, the molecular mechanisms that underneath this process are poorly understood. In the past three decades, two species of the whitefly Bemisia tabaci complex, Middle East-Asia Minor 1 and Mediterranean, have invaded many countries. Their rapid and widespread invasions are partially due to their ability to infest a wide range of host plants. In this study, we determined the transcriptome and phenotypic changes of one Mediterranean whitefly population during its adaptation to tobacco, an unsuitable host plant...
September 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931993/effects-of-augmented-reality-based-otago-exercise-on-balance-gait-and-physical-factors-in-elderly-women-to-prevent-falls-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Jin Lee, Ha-Na Yoo, Byoung-Hee Lee
[Purpose] To determine the effect of augmented reality (AR)-based otago exercise on muscle strength, balance, and physical factors in falls of elderly women. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty subjects were randomly assigned to AR group (AR, n=10), yoga group (yoga, n=10), and self-exercise group (self, n=10). For 12 weeks, these groups were given lessons related to AR-based otago exercise including strengthening, balance training, or yoga three times a week (60 minutes each time) and self-exercise using elastic band exercise program...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929661/-evaluation-of-effect-of-supplementing-qi-and-activating-blood-decoction-based-on-combined-model-of-intestinal-out-cardiac-muscle-cells-and-discussion-of-its-mechanism
#18
Ya Geng, Hong-Jun Yang, Yue-Xiang Ma, Jing-Jing Zhang, Yi Zhang, De-Feng Li, Fang-Bo Zhang, Hai-Yu Xu
This research firstly establishes the oxidative damage model of H9c2 induced by H2O2 and screens the concentration range of intestines absorption liquid of Qi benefiting and blood circulation activating formula which possess external myocardium protection function. Then, the thesis chooses 4 dosages to conduct experiments:examining the protection function of intestines absorption liquid of Qi benefiting and blood circulation activating formula on H9c2 to provide reference for clinical prevention and curing of relative heart diseases of oxidative stress injury; as well as examining the H9c2 cardiac muscle cell vigour, cellular morphology, SOD, MDA and other indexes to primarily evaluate and discuss the functional mechanism of intestines absorption liquid of Qi benefiting and blood circulation activating formula...
October 2016: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928644/near-infrared-spectroscopy-based-frontal-lobe-neurofeedback-integrated-in-virtual-reality-modulates-brain-and-behavior-in-highly-impulsive-adults
#19
Justin Hudak, Friederike Blume, Thomas Dresler, Florian B Haeussinger, Tobias J Renner, Andreas J Fallgatter, Caterina Gawrilow, Ann-Christine Ehlis
Based on neurofeedback (NF) training as a neurocognitive treatment in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), we designed a randomized, controlled functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) NF intervention embedded in an immersive virtual reality classroom in which participants learned to control overhead lighting with their dorsolateral prefrontal brain activation. We tested the efficacy of the intervention on healthy adults displaying high impulsivity as a sub-clinical population sharing common features with ADHD...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927399/novel-phenotypic-variant-in-the-myh7-spectrum-due-to-a-stop-loss-mutation-in-the-c-terminal-region-a-case-report
#20
Zsolt Bánfai, Kinga Hadzsiev, Endre Pál, Katalin Komlósi, Márton Melegh, László Balikó, Béla Melegh
BACKGROUND: Defects of the slow myosin heavy chain isoform coding MYH7 gene primarily cause skeletal myopathies including Laing Distal Myopathy, Myosin Storage Myopathy and are also responsible for cardiomyopathies. Scapuloperoneal and limb-girdle muscle weakness, congenital fiber type disproportion, multi-minicore disease were also reported in connection of MYH7. Pathogeneses of the defects in the head and proximal rod region of the protein are well described. However, the C-terminal mutations of the MYH7 gene are less known...
September 19, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
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