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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655368/spontaneous-posterior-rectus-sheath-hernia-a-case-report
#1
Chu Woon Ng, Anna Sandstrom, Grace Lim
BACKGROUND: Hernias of the posterior rectus sheath are very rare abdominal wall hernias with only a handful of cases reported in the literature to date. As an uncommon disease, it is important to recognize and report this case in order to enhance scientific knowledge of this disease. CASE PRESENTATION: This case report presents a spontaneous posterior rectus sheath herniation in a 79-year-old white man with previous abdominal surgery for appendicitis. His herniation was discovered incidentally during an examination for his chief complaints of lower abdominal pain and diarrhea which were later diagnosed as Salmonella-related gastroenteritis...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29648933/influence-of-body-position-on-shoulder-and-trunk-muscle-activation-during-resisted-isometric-shoulder-external-rotation
#2
David A Krause, Lucas G Dueffert, Jaclyn L Postma, Eric T Vogler, Amy J Walsh, John H Hollman
BACKGROUND: External rotation (ER) strengthening of the shoulder is an integral component of rehabilitative and preventative programs for overhead athletes. A variety of shoulder ER strengthening exercises are reported, including those intended to integrate the core musculature. The purpose of this study was to examine ER torque and electromyographic (EMG) activation of shoulder and trunk muscles while performing resisted isometric shoulder ER in 3 positions (standing, side lying, and side plank)...
April 1, 2018: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644876/the-effects-of-well-rounded-exercise-program-on-systemic-biomarkers-related-to-cartilage-metabolism
#3
Masayuki Azukizawa, Hiromu Ito, Yosuke Hamamoto, Takayuki Fujii, Yugo Morita, Akinori Okahata, Takuya Tomizawa, Moritoshi Furu, Kohei Nishitani, Shinichi Kuriyama, Shinichiro Nakamura, Hiroyuki Yoshitomi, Toshiaki Nakatani, Tadao Tsuboyama, Masahide Hamaguchi, Shuichi Matsuda, Tadashi Yasuda
Nonsurgical treatment such as exercise is the preferred method for management of knee osteoarthritis (OA). A combination of aerobic, muscle strengthening, and flexibility exercises is recommended for older adults. However, effects of the exercise intervention on cartilage metabolism remain unclear. This study used biomarkers to investigate the effects of well-rounded exercise program on cartilage metabolism in 42 women (mean age: 59 years). Participants started a weekly supervised exercise program and continued for 12 weeks...
April 1, 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642478/diagnostic-criteria-and-clinical-outcomes-in-sarcopenia-research-a-literature-review
#4
REVIEW
Alex Han, Steven L Bokshan, Stephen E Marcaccio, J Mason DePasse, Alan H Daniels
By the sixth decade of life, nearly one quarter of the population has substantial muscle atrophy, or sarcopenia. Despite the creation of a standardized definition of sarcopenia by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People, variability may exist in the diagnostic criteria utilized for clinical sarcopenia research. The primary objectives of this review were to characterize diagnostic criteria used for measurement of sarcopenia in original studies, and to describe associations between sarcopenia and important clinical outcomes...
April 8, 2018: Journal of Clinical Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628406/eccentric-training-combined-to-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-is-not-superior-to-eccentric-training-alone-for-quadriceps-strengthening-in-healthy-subjects-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Claudia Ferreira Gomes da Silva, Felipe Xavier de Lima E Silva, Karoline Baptista Vianna, Gabriel Dos Santos Oliveira, Marco Aurélio Vaz, Bruno Manfredini Baroni
BACKGROUND: Both eccentric training and neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) are used for quadriceps strengthening. However, the effects of these interventions combined are unclear. OBJECTIVES: To compare the effects of eccentric training combined to NMES and eccentric training alone on structure, strength, and functional performance of knee extensor muscles of healthy subjects. METHODS: This is a three-arm, single-blinded, randomized controlled trial...
March 28, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628047/increased-expression-of-cyslt-2-receptors-in-the-lung-of-asthmatic-mice-and-role-in-allergic-responses
#6
Masaya Matsuda, Yuki Tabuchi, Kazuma Nishimura, Yuri Nakamura, Tomohiko Sekioka, Michiaki Kadode, Kazuhito Kawabata, Takeshi Nabe
Compared with CysLT1 receptors, the functional role of CysLT2 receptors in asthma has not been clarified. The purpose of this study was to determine 1) whether CysLT2 receptors are expressed in the lung of mice and if expression increases in asthmatic mice, and 2) whether CysLT2 receptors are involved in allergic leukocyte infiltration into the lung and in the development of airway remodeling in asthmatic mice. BALB/c mice were sensitized with ovalbumin (OVA) + Al(OH)3 , and intratracheally challenged with OVA 4 times...
April 2018: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627420/exercise-training-causes-a-partial-improvement-through-increasing-testosterone-and-enos-for-erectile-function-in-middle-aged-rats
#7
Dae Yun Seo, Sung Ryul Lee, Hyo Bum Kwak, Hyuntea Park, Kyo Won Seo, Yeon Hee Noh, Kang-Moon Song, Ji-Kan Ryu, Kyung Soo Ko, Byoung Doo Rhee, Jin Han
PURPOSE: Aging changes the balance of sex hormones and causes endothelial dysfunction in the penis, both of which are important determinants of erectile dysfunction (ED). The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether exercise training could protect against erectile dysfunction by increasing serum testosterone and penile eNOS levels in aging rats. METHODS: A total of 14 young (2-month-old) and 14 middle-aged (18-month-old) Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned to either untrained control (young control, [YC], middle-aged control, [MC]) or endurance exercise-trained (young exercise, [YE], middle-aged exercise, [ME]) groups with seven rats per group...
April 5, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623751/scapular-muscle-activity-during-static-yoga-postures
#8
Jaclyn N Chopp-Hurley, Courtney Prophet, Brynn Thistle, Jessica Pollice, Monica R Maly
Study Design Controlled laboratory study; cross-sectional. Background Despite the growing popularity of yoga, little is known about the muscle activity of the scapular stabilizers during isometric yoga postures and their potential utility in shoulder rehabilitation. Objectives To examine scapular stabilizer muscle activation during various yoga postures. Methods Twenty women with yoga experience and no shoulder pain or injury participated. Electromyography was used to record upper, middle and lower trapezius as well as serratus ante-rior muscle activity during 15 yoga postures...
April 6, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618598/routine-assessment-and-promotion-of-physical-activity-in-healthcare-settings-a-scientific-statement-from-the-american-heart-association
#9
REVIEW
Felipe Lobelo, Deborah Rohm Young, Robert Sallis, Michael D Garber, Sandra A Billinger, John Duperly, Adrian Hutber, Russell R Pate, Randal J Thomas, Michael E Widlansky, Michael V McConnell, Elizabeth A Joy
Physical inactivity is one of the most prevalent major health risk factors, with 8 in 10 US adults not meeting aerobic and muscle-strengthening guidelines, and is associated with a high burden of cardiovascular disease. Improving and maintaining recommended levels of physical activity leads to reductions in metabolic, hemodynamic, functional, body composition, and epigenetic risk factors for noncommunicable chronic diseases. Physical activity also has a significant role, in many cases comparable or superior to drug interventions, in the prevention and management of >40 conditions such as diabetes mellitus, cancer, cardiovascular disease, obesity, depression, Alzheimer disease, and arthritis...
April 4, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609025/regulation-of-growth-intestinal-microbiota-non-specific-immune-response-and-disease-resistance-of-sea-cucumber-apostichopus-japonicus-selenka-in-biofloc-systems
#10
Jinghua Chen, Yichao Ren, Yuquan Li, Bin Xia
Bioflocs are not only a source of supplemental nutrition but also provide substantial probiotic bacteria and bioactive compounds, which play an important role in improving physiological health of aquatic organisms. A 60-day experiment was conducted to investigate the growth, intestinal microbiota, non-specific immune response and disease resistance of sea cucumber in biofloc systems with different carbon sources (glucose, sucrose and starch). Control (no biofloc) and three biofloc systems were set up, and each group has three replicates...
March 30, 2018: Fish & Shellfish Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29607766/the-physiotherapy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement-rehabilitation-study-physiofirst-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Joanne L Kemp, Sally L Coburn, Denise M Jones, Kay M Crossley
Study Design A pilot double-blind randomized controlled trial (RCT). Background The effectiveness of physical therapy for femoroacetabular impingement syndrome (FAIS) is unknown. Objectives To determine the feasibility of an RCT investigating the effectiveness of a physical therapy intervention for FAIS. Methods Participants were 17 women and 7 men (mean ± SD age, 37 ± 8 years; body mass index, 25.4 ± 3.4 kg/m2 ) with FAIS who received physical therapy interventions provided over 12 weeks. The FAIS-specific physical therapy group received personalized progressive strengthening and functional retraining...
April 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602887/proximal-tibiofibular-joint-dislocation-treated-using-flexible-and-permanent-syndesmosis-fixation
#12
Antonio Carlos Moscon, Ana Luiza Cabrera Martimbianco, Aires Duarte Junior, Guilherme Conforto Gracitelli
We present the case of a 40-year-old man who suffered an isolated proximal tibiofibular dislocation of the left knee after a trauma during a soccer game. Physical examination and radiographic imaging revealed an anterolateral dislocation of the proximal fibula. The diagnosis was confirmed by MRI. The treatment choice was open reduction and internal fixation under direct visualisation using flexible and permanent internal fixation. Postoperative treatment includes knee immobilisation during the first week, and partial weight was allowed for 2 weeks progressing to full weight bearing over 4 weeks...
March 30, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584447/inspiratory-muscle-rehabilitation-in-critically-ill-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Stefannie Vorona, Umberto Sabatini, Sulaiman Al-Maqbali, Michele Bertoni, Martin Dres, Bernie Bissett, Frank Van Haren, A Daniel Martin, Cristian Urrea, Debbie Brace, Matteo Parotto, Margaret S Herridge, Neill Kj Adhikari, Eddy Fan, Luana T Melo, W Darlene Reid, Laurent J Brochard, Niall D Ferguson, Ewan C Goligher
BACKGROUND: Respiratory muscle weakness is common in critically ill patients; the role of targeted inspiratory muscle training (IMT) in ICU rehabilitation strategies remains poorly defined. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective was to describe the range and tolerability of published methods for IMT. The secondary objectives were to determine whether IMT improves respiratory muscle strength and clinical outcomes in critically ill patients. DATA SOURCES: We conducted a systematic review to identify randomized and non-randomized studies of physical rehabilitation interventions intended to strengthen the respiratory muscles in critically ill adults...
March 27, 2018: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581654/the-effects-of-shoulder-stabilization-exercises-and-pectoralis-minor-stretching-on-balance-and-maximal-shoulder-muscle-strength-of-healthy-young-adults-with-round-shoulder-posture
#14
Mi-Kyoung Kim, Jung Chul Lee, Kyung-Tae Yoo
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to analyze the effects of pectoralis minor stretching and shoulder strengthening with an elastic band on balance and maximal shoulder muscle strength in young adults with rounded shoulder posture. [Subjects and Methods] Nineteen subjects with rounded shoulder posture were randomly divided into 2 groups: a shoulder stabilization exercise group and a stretching exercise group. The groups performed each exercise for 40 minutes, 3 times a week, for 4 weeks. Static balance (eyes open and closed), dynamic balance (the limits of stability in 4 directions) and shoulder muscle strength in 5 directions were measure before and after the exercises...
March 2018: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575212/association-between-cervical-lordotic-curvature-and-cervical-muscle-cross-sectional-area-in-patients-with-loss-of-cervical-lordosis
#15
Seo Yeon Yoon, Hyun Im Moon, Sang Chul Lee, Na Lae Eun, Yong Wook Kim
INTRODUCTION: Disruption of the cervical lordotic curve can cause undesirable symptoms such as neck pain, and cord compression. The purpose of this study was to investigate the biomechanics of loss of cervical lordosis by measuring the cross-sectional area (CSA) of the cervical muscles using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and to determine the relationship between cervical lordosis angle and cervical muscle status. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cervical lordosis angle was measured on standing lateral plain radiography using the posterior tangent technique in patients who complained of neck pain...
March 25, 2018: Clinical Anatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572892/sphingosine-kinase-1-promotes-liver-fibrosis-by-preventing-mir-19b-3p-mediated-inhibition-of-ccr2
#16
Tian Lan, Changzheng Li, Guizhi Yang, Yue Sun, Lihang Zhuang, Yitao Ou, Hui Li, Genshu Wang, Tatiana Kisseleva, David Brenner, Jiao Guo
Chronic liver disease mediated by activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) and Kupffer cells (KCs) leads to liver fibrosis. Here, we aimed to investigate the molecular mechanism and define the cell type involved in mediating the SphK1-dependent effect on liver fibrosis. The levels of expression and activity of SphK1 were significantly increased in fibrotic livers compared with the normal livers in human. SphK1 was co-expressed with a range of HSC/KC markers including desmin, α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA) and F4/80 in fibrotic liver...
March 23, 2018: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29568795/mediator-effect-of-balance-problems-on-association-between-grip-strength-and-falls-in-older-adults-results-from-the-kora-age-study
#17
Marjan Arvandi, Barbara Strasser, Konstantinos Volaklis, Karl-Heinz Ladwig, Eva Grill, Raffaella Matteucci Gothe, Alexander Horsch, Michael Laxy, Uwe Siebert, Annette Peters, Barbara Thorand, Christa Meisinger
Objective: To examine the association between grip strength and history of falls among older individuals, and to assess the possible mediating effect of balance problems on this relationship. Method: Data originate from KORA (Cooperative Health Research in the Region of Augsburg)-Age Study of 808 individuals (65 years and above). Follow-up assessment occurred 3 years later. Results: The risk of falls within the last 12 months was reduced on average by 3% (odds ratio [OR] 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 0...
January 2018: Gerontology & Geriatric Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29564692/a-systematic-review-of-pfe-pre-prostatectomy
#18
REVIEW
S S Goonewardene, D Gillatt, R Persad
Male Stress Urinary Incontinence is a complication post robotic radical prostatectomy. This is a major problem that needs to be solved, since it has great impact on quality of life affecting the patient's physical activity and social well-being. A systematic review relating to literature on impact of preoperative PFE on continence outcomes for patients undergoing prostatectomy was conducted. The search strategy aimed to identify all references related to pelvic floor exercises and post-prostatectomy. Search terms used were as follows: (Pelvic floor exercises) AND (incontinence) AND (prostatectomy)...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29560325/effects-of-lumbar-strengthening-exercise-in-lower-limb-amputees-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#19
Min Kyung Shin, Hee Seung Yang, Hea-Eun Yang, Dae Hyun Kim, Bo Ram Ahn, Hyup Kwon, Ju Hwan Lee, Suk Jung, Hyun Chul Choi, Sun Keaung Yun, Dong Young Ahn, Woo Sob Sim
Objective: To analyze the effect of lumbar strengthening exercise in lower-limb amputees with chronic low back pain. Methods: We included in this prospective study 19 lower-limb amputees who had experienced low back pain for longer than 6 months. Participants were treated with 30-minute lumbar strengthening exercises, twice weekly, for 8 weeks. We used the visual analog scale (VAS), and Oswestry low back pain disability questionnaire, and measured parameters such as iliopsoas length, abdominal muscle strength, back extensor strength, and back extensor endurance...
February 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558776/-effect-of-core-muscle-strengthening-exercises-including-plank-and-side-plank-on-injury-rate-in-male-adult-soccer-players-a-systematic-review
#20
Angela Blasimann, Simon Eberle, Manuel Markus Scuderi
BACKGROUND:  Soccer is seen as highly intensive sport with an increased injury rate. Male adults are the players with the highest injury incidence. Accordingly, the importance of core muscle strengthening to prevent injury has increased in the past few years. Up to date, core muscle strengthening plays an important role in different prevention programs, such as the "FIFA 11 +". The aim of this systematic review was to investigate the effect of core muscle strengthening on injury rate in male adult soccer players, including at least the known and easy exercises "plank" and "side plank", on injury rate in male adult soccer players...
March 2018: Sportverletzung Sportschaden: Organ der Gesellschaft Für Orthopädisch-Traumatologische Sportmedizin
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