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Muscle strengthenning

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457396/-ultrasonic-analysis-on-the-effect-of-strengthening-exercise-with-strong-tendon-on-lumbosacral-multifidus-muscles
#1
Ling-San Hu, Wei-An Yuan, Wei-Ye Chen, Zhi-Ling Gao, Hong-Sheng Zhan
OBJECTIVE: To study effects of strengthening exercise with strong tendon on the lumbosacral multifidus muscle. METHODS: Among 30 healthy volunteers, there were 21 males and 9 females, with an average age of(31.30±6.48) years old(ranged, 25 to 55 years old). The mean BMI was (21.70±1.95) kg/m²(ranged, 18.1 to 24.9 kg/m²). The ultrasonic image was used to analyze the thickness of lumbosacral multifidus(LM) under the follow conditions: supine position, and supine position with leg lifting 30°, 60°, 90°; seat and hip flexion, flexion to limit position, front to limit position with both hands climbing and strengthening the kidneys and the waist...
November 25, 2017: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452788/understanding-pre-peri-and-post-menopausal-women-s-intentions-to-perform-muscle-strengthening-activities-using-the-theory-of-planned-behaviour
#2
Julie Doherty, Melanie Giles, Alison M Gallagher, Ellen Elizabeth Anne Simpson
Although physical activity guidelines recommend muscle-strengthening activities (MSA), public health initiatives tend to focus on increasing aerobic activity and fail to mention MSA. This study sought to identify the issues influencing pre-, peri- and post-menopausal women's intentions to perform MSA with a view to informing future interventions for these populations. Mixed methods guided by the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) were used to explore factors that influence women's intentions to perform MSA. In stage one, 34 women participated in either a focus group or interview...
March 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451333/urban-rural-differences-in-aerobic-physical-activity-muscle-strengthening-exercise-and-screen-time-sedentary-behavior
#3
Michael C Robertson, Jaejoon Song, Wendell C Taylor, Casey P Durand, Karen M Basen-Engquist
PURPOSE: Compared to their urban counterparts, US residents in rural settings face an increased risk of premature mortality and health problems that have been linked to insufficient physical activity (PA) levels. There is limited literature regarding urban-rural differences in adherence to national guidelines for all 3 PA-related behaviors. METHODS: We investigated urban-rural differences in aerobic PA, leisure-time muscle strengthening PA, and leisure screen-time sedentary behavior in a combined data set of the 2011-2014 waves (N = 14,188) of the nationally representative National Cancer Institute's Health Information National Trends Survey...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451065/shoulder-and-arm-muscle-activity-during-elastic-band-exercises-performed-in-a-hospital-bed
#4
Sebastian Skals, Jonas Vinstrup, Emil Sundstrup, Markus D Jakobsen, Christoffer H Andersen, Lars L Andersen
OBJECTIVE: Muscle atrophy is a common side-effect of bed rest during hospitalization. However, resistance training may minimize or even prevent these complications. Therefore, we evaluated the efficiency of four upper-body elastic resistance exercises that could be performed while lying or sitting in a hospital bed. METHODS: Twenty-two healthy subjects performed three repetitions of each exercise in a supine and seated position with a perceived intensity of 3 (low) and 8 (high) on the Borg CR10 Scale...
February 16, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447146/health-risk-behaviors-and-chronic-conditions-among-adults-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-united-states-2015-and-2016
#5
Fang Xu, James M Dahlhamer, Emily P Zammitti, Anne G Wheaton, Janet B Croft
Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis, involves chronic inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract. In 2015, an estimated 3.1 million adults in the United States had ever received a diagnosis of IBD (1). Nationally representative samples of adults with IBD have been unavailable or too small to assess relationships between IBD and other chronic conditions and health-risk behaviors (2). To assess the prevalence of health-risk behaviors and chronic conditions among adults with and without IBD, CDC aggregated survey data from the 2015 and 2016 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS)...
February 16, 2018: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443867/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-versus-pilates-exercise-on-bone-mineral-density-in-postmenopausal-women-a-randomized-and-controlled-clinical-trial
#6
Laís Campos de Oliveira, Raphael Gonçalves de Oliveira, Deise Aparecida de Almeida Pires-Oliveira
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Decreased bone mineral density (BMD) is a common condition in postmenopausal women that can be managed with impact activities. Among the activities studied are the whole-body vibration (WBV) and muscle-strengthening exercises. The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of WBV versus Pilates exercise on BMD in postmenopausal women. METHODS: In this study, 51 postmenopausal women were randomized into 3 groups: vibration (n = 17), Pilates (n = 17), and control (n = 17)...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439249/transgenic-overexpression-of-il-37-protects-against-atherosclerosis-and-strengthens-plaque-stability
#7
Jing Liu, Jibin Lin, Shaolin He, Chun Wu, Boyuan Wang, Jie Liu, Yanping Duan, Tianxiao Liu, Shengshuai Shan, Keping Yang, Nianguo Dong, Qingwei Ji, Kai Huang, Dazhu Li
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Recently, studies have shown that interleukin-37 (IL-37) is involved in atherosclerosis-related diseases. However, the regulatory mechanisms of IL-37 in atherosclerosis remain unknown. This study aims to determine the role of IL-37 in atherosclerosis and to investigate the underlying mechanisms involved. METHODS: IL-37 expression in human atherosclerotic plaques was detected by immunohistochemical staining and real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR)...
February 7, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434457/role-and-significance-of-trunk-and-upper-extremity-muscles-in-walker-assisted-paraplegic-gait-a-case-study
#8
Mina Baniasad, Farzam Farahmand, Mokhtar Arazpour, Hassan Zohoor
Background and Purpose: Understanding the role and significance of trunk and upper extremity muscles in paraplegic gait can help in designing more effective assistive devices for these patients and also provides valuable information for improving muscle strengthening programs. Methods: In a patient with a spinal cord injury (SCI) who could walk independently (rating scale of ambulatory capacity, 9) with the aid of bilateral ankle-foot orthosis and a walker, the kinematics, kinetics and electromyographic (EMG) activities of 16 muscles from the trunk and upper and lower extremities were recorded during gait...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29434456/does-neuromuscular-electrical-stimulation-therapy-increase-voluntary-muscle-strength-after-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#9
Gabriel Ribeiro de Freitas, Camila Szpoganicz, Jocemar Ilha
Background: Physical therapists frequently use neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) therapy in an effort to increase the voluntary strength of partially paralyzed muscles in people with spinal cord injury (SCI), but it is not clear whether this treatment is effective. Objective: To determine the effectiveness of NMES for increasing voluntary strength in the partially paralyzed muscles of people with SCI. Methods: A systematic review of scientific literature was conducted in MEDLINE, CINAHL, PEDro, ScienceDirect, and Embase...
2018: Topics in Spinal Cord Injury Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413451/muscle-activity-and-kinetics-of-lower-limbs-during-walking-in-pronated-feet-individuals-with-and-without-low-back-pain
#10
Nader Farahpour, AmirAli Jafarnezhadgero, Paul Allard, Mahdi Majlesi
The objectives of this study were to investigate whether excessive feet pronation alters the joints' kinematics, kinetics and the activity of involved muscles during gait in low back pain patients. METHODS: The lower limb joints' motion, moment and power, as well as the activity of involved muscles during walking were measured in a control group, and two experimental groups including a group with excessive feet pronation only, and another group of low back pain patients with excessive feet pronation...
January 30, 2018: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29403269/high-speed-jaw-opening-exercise-in-training-suprahyoid-fast-twitch-muscle-fibers
#11
Mariko Matsubara, Haruka Tohara, Koji Hara, Hiromichi Shinozaki, Yasuhiro Yamazaki, Chiaki Susa, Ayako Nakane, Yoko Wakasugi, Shunsuke Minakuchi
Purpose: This study was aimed to examine the effectiveness of a high-speed jaw-opening exercise, which targets the contraction of fast-twitch muscle fibers, in improving swallowing function. Subjects and methods: Twenty-one subjects (mean age 74.0±5.7 years) with dysphagia-related symptoms, such as coughing or choking during eating, performed the exercise. None of the included subjects had neurological symptoms or history of surgery that could cause significant dysphagia...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399735/rotator-cuff-repair-post-operative-rehabilitation-concepts
#12
REVIEW
Terrance A Sgroi, Michelle Cilenti
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: With improvements in surgical techniques and increased knowledge of rotator cuff healing, there was a need to identify a safe progression after rotator cuff repair. The rehabilitation specialist plays an integral role in the care of these patients, and by implementing an evidence and criteria-based model, patients may be able to return to their prior levels of function sooner with fewer complications. RECENT FINDINGS: Timing of progression for rotator cuff patients should align not only with healing but also potential strain on the involved tissue...
February 5, 2018: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398910/integrating-participatory-ergonomic-management-in-non-weight-bearing-exercise-and-progressive-resistance-exercise-on-self-care-and-functional-ability-in-aged-farmers-with-knee-osteoarthritis-a-clustered-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Sang-Arun Isaramalai, Kanokwan Hounsri, Chanon Kongkamol, Pornnit Wattanapisitkul, Napaporn Tangadulrat, Tippawan Kaewmanee, Varah Yuenyongviwat
Background: Ergonomic hazards are the most important cause of knee osteoarthritis (OA) in aged para rubber farmers. Ergonomic management comprising improvement of working conditions and muscle-strengthening exercise has been well documented in terms of workers' health benefit. However, those interventions were not adequate to sustain the advantage. Few studies have demonstrated the effect of integrating participatory ergonomic management (PEM) in non-weight-bearing exercise (NWE) and progressive resistance exercise (PRE), and none has focused on aged para rubber farmers with knee OA...
2018: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398318/association-of-weight-control-behaviors-with-body-mass-index-in-korean-adolescents-a-quantile-regression-approach
#14
Sun-Mi Chae, Mi Ja Kim, Chang Gi Park, Ji-Young Yeo, Ji-Hye Hwang, Insook Kwon, Soo-Yeon Han
PURPOSE: Adolescents are interested in weight control but likely practice unhealthy weight control behaviors. This study aimed to examine weight control behaviors associated with body mass index (BMI) in Korean adolescents. DESIGN AND METHODS: In this descriptive cross-sectional study of 16- to 19-year-old adolescents (97 girls and 90 boys), analyses were conducted of physical activity, sedentary behaviors, dietary behaviors, and self-efficacy for physical activity and diet...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392329/effectiveness-of-conservative-treatment-for-patellofemoral-pain-syndrome-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#15
Mikhail Saltychev, Rebecca A Dutton, Katri Laimi, Gary S Beaupré, Petri Virolainen, Michael Fredericson
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the evidence regarding the effectiveness of conservative treatment in reducing patellofemoral pain. DATA SOURCES: CENTRAL, MEDLINE, CINAHL, and PEDro databases. STUDY SELECTION: Adults with patellofemoral pain, randomized controlled trials only, any conservative treatment compared with placebo, sham, other conservative treatment, or no treatment. Two independent reviewers. DATA EXTRACTION: Data were extracted from the full-text of the articles, based on Cochrane Collaboration recommendations...
January 25, 2018: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390893/association-of-body-composition-with-menopausal-symptoms-in-peri-menopausal-women
#16
Y Zhou, Y Zheng, C Li, J Hu, Y Zhou, L Geng, M Tao
OBJECTIVE: To explore the correlation of body composition with the severity of menopausal symptoms, as well as each classic menopausal symptom. METHODS: A total of 758 (peri-)menopausal women were recruited (aged from 40 to 67 years) from the Menopause Clinic in the Shanghai Sixth People's Hospital. Different regions of fat mass, lean mass and fat-free mass were measured by bioelectrical impedance analysis, while menopausal symptoms were evaluated by valid modified Kupperman's index (KMI) in the Chinese version...
February 2, 2018: Climacteric: the Journal of the International Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390586/a-case-report-of-phosphaturic-mesenchymal-tumor-induced-osteomalacia
#17
Weiqian Wu, Chongyang Wang, Jianwei Ruan, Feng Chen, Ningjun Li, Fanghu Chen
RATIONALE: Tumor-induced osteomalacia (TIO) is a rare and often misdiagnosed syndrome. Surgical resection is currently the first line treatment for TIO. PATIENT CONCERNS: Here we report the case of a 49-year-old woman presented with intermittent pain in the right chest and bilateral hip that had persisted for over two years. DIAGNOSES: She was diagnosed of TIO caused by a phosphaturic mesenchymal tumor based on the following examinations. Laboratory tests revealed high serum alkaline phosphatase, high urinary phosphorus, hypophosphatemia and normal serum calcium levels...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385840/the-efficacy-of-virtual-reality-assisted-versus-traditional-rehabilitation-intervention-on-individuals-with-functional-ankle-instability-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Kijong Kim, Bongsam Choi, Wootaek Lim
PURPOSE: Virtual reality (VR) training, a virtual environment commonly generated by computer systems, may enhance the therapeutic efficacy of functional rehabilitation programmes. The aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of a VR assisted intervention (VRAI) versus traditional rehabilitation intervention (TRI) on functional ankle instability (FAI). METHODS: A single-blind randomized controlled study was conducted with 10 subjects for each group. The VRAI was conducted with the Nintendo Wii Fit Plus, whilst the TRI was conducted with a series of exercises with theraband...
January 31, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29378632/the-effects-of-a-12-week-worksite-physical-activity-intervention-on-anthropometric-indices-blood-pressure-indices-and-plasma-biomarkers-of-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-university-employees
#19
Duane B Corbett, Curtis Fennell, Kylene Peroutky, J Derek Kingsley, Ellen L Glickman
BACKGROUND: To determine the effectiveness of a low-cost 12-week worksite physical activity intervention targeting a goal of 10,000 steps per day on reducing anthropometric indices, blood pressure indices, and plasma biomarkers of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk among the employees of a major university. METHODS: Fifty university employees (n = 43 female, n = 7 male; mean age = 48 ± 10 years) participated in the 12-week physical activity intervention (60 min, 3 day/week)...
January 29, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29375282/quality-of-life-outcomes-following-surface-electromyography-biofeedback-as-an-adjunct-to-pelvic-floor-muscle-training-for-urinary-incontinence-a-case-report
#20
Alexandra Hill, Meryl Alappattu
Background: A non-invasive treatment for urinary incontinence (UI) is surface electromyography (sEMG) biofeedback with pelvic floor muscle (PFM) training. A lack of consensus and evidence exists on the Quality of Life (QoL) outcomes following sEMG biofeedback using surface electrodes at the perineum compared to the more invasive intravaginal probe. This case report examines QoL using sEMG biofeedback at the perineum with PFM training for UI. Study Design: Single subject case report...
May 2017: Journal of Women's Health Physical Therapy
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