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Muscle strengthenning

Sarah Jones, William D-C Man, Wei Gao, Irene J Higginson, Andrew Wilcock, Matthew Maddocks
BACKGROUND: This review is an update of a previously published review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews Issue 1, 2013 on Neuromuscular electrical stimulation for muscle weakness in adults with advanced disease.Patients with advanced progressive disease often experience muscle weakness, which can impact adversely on their ability to be independent and their quality of life. In those patients who are unable or unwilling to undertake whole-body exercise, neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) may be an alternative treatment to enhance lower limb muscle strength...
October 17, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Michela De Bellis, Roberta Carbonara, Julien Roussel, Alessandro Farinato, Ada Massari, Sabata Pierno, Marilena Muraglia, Filomena Corbo, Carlo Franchini, Maria Rosaria Carratù, Annamaria De Luca, Diana Conte Camerino, Jean-François Desaphy
Although the sodium channel blocker, mexiletine, is the first choice drug in myotonia, some myotonic patients remain unsatisfied due to contraindications, lack of tolerability, or incomplete response. More therapeutic options are thus needed for myotonic patients, which require clinical trials based on solid preclinical data. In previous structure-activity relationship studies, we identified two newly-synthesized derivatives of tocainide, To040 and To042, with greatly enhanced potency and use-dependent behavior in inhibiting sodium currents in frog skeletal muscle fibers...
October 12, 2016: Neuropharmacology
Marcelo Cardoso de Souza, Fábio Jennings, Hisa Morimoto, Jamil Natour
OBJECTIVE: The purpose was to evaluate the effectiveness of a progressive muscle strengthening program using a Swiss ball for AS patients. METHODS: Sixty patients with AS were randomized into the intervention group (IG) or the control group (CG). Eight exercises were performed by the IG patients with free weights on a Swiss ball two times per week for 16 weeks. The evaluations were performed by a blinded evaluator at baseline and after 4, 8, 12 and 16 weeks using the following instruments: the one-repetition maximum test (1 RM), BASMI, BASFI, HAQ-S, SF-36, 6-minute walk test, Time Up and Go test, BASDAI, ASDAS, ESR and CRP dosage and Likert scale...
September 17, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Liga Blyholder, Elizabeth Chumanov, Kathleen Carr, Bryan Heiderscheit
BACKGROUND: With a recent increase in running popularity, more women choose to run during and after pregnancy. Little research has examined exercise behaviors and postpartum health conditions of runners. HYPOTHESIS: Antenatal and postpartum exercise is beneficial in reducing certain postpartum health conditions. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 5. METHODS: A self-administered, online survey was developed that consisted of questions regarding antenatal and postpartum exercise behaviors, maternal history, and postpartum health conditions...
October 14, 2016: Sports Health
Fernanda de Mattos, Neiva Leite, Arthur Pitta, Paulo Cesar Barauce Bento
Water-based exercises are recommended for people with osteoarthritis (OA), due to the beneficial effects on physical function, quality of life and symptom reduction. However, the effects on muscle strength are still controversial. The aim of this review was to assess and compare the effects of Aquatic Exercise Programs on muscle strength and physical function in people with OA. A systematic search was performed at Pubmed, Scopus and Web of Science databases. Clinical trials with interventions involving Aquatic Exercises for individuals with OA were included...
September 28, 2016: Revista Brasileira de Reumatologia
Wouter J Harmsen, Gerard M Ribbers, Bart Zegers, Emiel M Sneekes, Stephan F E Praet, Majanka H Heijenbrok-Kal, Ladbon Khajeh, Fop van Kooten, Sebastiaan J C M M Neggers, Rita J van den Berg-Emons
Patients with aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (a-SAH) show long-term fatigue and face difficulties in resuming daily physical activities. Impaired muscle strength, especially of the lower extremity, impacts the performance of daily activities and may trigger the onset of fatigue complaints. The present study evaluated knee muscle strength and fatigue in patients with a-SAH. This study included 33 patients, 6 months after a-SAH, and 33 sex-matched and age-matched healthy controls. Isokinetic muscle strength of the knee extensors and flexors was measured at 60 and 180°/s...
October 12, 2016: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
Salvador Damián-Zamacona, Paola Toledo-Ibelles, Mabel Z Ibarra-Abundis, Laura Uribe-Figueroa, Enrique Hernández-Lemus, Karla Paola Macedo-Alcibia, Blanca Delgado-Coello, Jaime Mas-Oliva, Juan Pablo Reyes-Grajeda
BACKGROUND: Although nowadays it is well known that the human transcriptome can importantly vary according to external or environmental condition, the reflection of this concept when studying oxidative stress and its direct relationship with gene expression profiling during the process of atherogenesis has not been thoroughly achieved. OBJECTIVE: The ability to analyze genome-wide gene expression through transcriptomics has shown that the genome responds dynamically to diverse stimuli...
2016: PloS One
Moktar Chtara, Mehdi Rouissi, Nicola L Bragazzi, Adam L Owen, Monoem Haddad, Karim Chamari
BACKGROUND: Soccer requires maintaining unilateral balance when executing movement with the contralateral leg. Despite the fact that balance requires standing with maintaining isometric posture with the support leg, currently there is a lack of studies regarding the implication of isometric strength on dynamic balance's performance among young soccer players. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine the relationship between the Y- balance test and 12 lower limbs isometric strength tests...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Jirakrit Leelarungrayub, Decha Pinkaew, Khanittha Wonglangka, Wichai Eungpinichpong, Jakkrit Klaphajone
Although previously proposed that chronic scleroderma should be cared for clinically and early rehabilitation should be performed in hospital by a chest physical therapist, little evidence is currently available on its benefits. Therefore, this study demonstrated the benefits of short-term pulmonary rehabilitation during hospitalization in a female patient with chronic scleroderma. The aim of rehabilitation was to improve ventilation and gas exchange by using airway clearance, chest mobilization, and breathing-relearning techniques, including strengthening the respiratory system and the muscles of the limbs by using the BreathMax(®) device and elastic bands...
2016: Clinical Medicine Insights. Circulatory, Respiratory and Pulmonary Medicine
Mahmoud A Mahmoud, Mohamed Abdelsalam, Olfat A Mahdy, Hala M F El Miniawy, Zakia A M Ahmed, Ahmed H Osman, Hussein M H Mohamed, A M Khattab, M A Zaki Ewiss
This paper is a part of a multi-disciplinary research "Application of Decentralized On-Site Water Treatment System in Egypt for Use in Agriculture and Producing Safe Fish and Animal Proteins". The project aimed to investigate the environmental impact of implementing sewage water before and after treatment using the effluent of the on-site decentralized Japanese' Johkasou system, in agriculture and producing fish protein. The aim is to establish such system in Egypt to strengthen the sanitary conditions of water resources...
October 6, 2016: Environmental Pollution
Orazio Caffo, Catherine Thompson, Maria De Santis, Borut Kragelj, Daniel A Hamstra, David Azria, Gianni Fellin, Giovanni L Pappagallo, Enzo Galligioni, Ananya Choudhury
PURPOSE: Although radical cystectomy is still considered the standard of care for most localized muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) patients, bladder-sparing strategies with chemoradiotherapy have demonstrated comparable local control and survival rates when adjusting for tumor stage. We present a pooled analysis of individual patient data out of published trials with gemcitabine-based chemoradiotherapy for MIBC. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Individual patient data were collected from Institutions that enrolled patients into trials that evaluated gemcitabine-based chemoradiotherapy for MIBC...
October 5, 2016: Radiotherapy and Oncology: Journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology
Allison M Brown, Rebecca A Zifchock, Howard J Hillstrom, Jinsup Song, Carole A Tucker
BACKGROUND: Altered hip and knee kinematics and joint coupling have been documented in runners with iliotibial band syndrome. Symptoms often present themselves after several minutes of running, yet the effect of fatigue warrants further exploration. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a run to fatigue in runners with iliotibial band syndrome, as compared to healthy controls. METHODS: Twenty uninjured and 12 female runners with iliotibial band syndrome performed a treadmill run to fatigue...
September 30, 2016: Clinical Biomechanics
Mark S Cook, Laura Bou-Malham, Mary C Esparza, Marianna Alperin
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Pelvic floor muscle rehabilitation is a widely utilized, but often challenging therapy for pelvic floor disorders, which are prevalent in older women. Regimens involving the use of appendicular muscles, such as the obturator internus (OI), have been developed for strengthening of the levator ani muscle (LAM). However, changes that lead to potential dysfunction of these alternative targets in older women are not well known. We hypothesized that aging negatively impacts OI architecture, the main determinant of muscle function, and intramuscular extracellular matrix (ECM), paralleling age-related alterations in LAM...
October 4, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Baba Shankar Rao Garige, Srisailam Keshetti, Uma Maheshwara Rao Vattikuti
BACKGROUND: Galphimia glauca is an evergreen shrub found across peninsular India, belonging to family Malpighiaceae. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the in vivo depressant effects and muscle coordination activity of G. glauca stem methanol extract (GGSME). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The stem methanol extract was administered in Swiss albino mice in 1 day to study the central nervous system (CNS) depressant and muscle coordination activity employing animal models such as sodium pentobarbital-induced sleep test, hole-board test, open field test, pentylenetetrazole (PTZ)-induced convulsions, picrotoxin-induced convulsions, grip strengthening test in mice, and Rota-rod test...
October 2016: Pharmacognosy Research
Vincenzo Giordano, Joseph Schatzker, Mauricio Kfuri
High-energy fractures of the proximal tibia with extensive fragmentation of the posterior rim of the tibial plateau are challenging. This technique aims to describe a method on how to embrace the posterior rim of the tibial plateau by placing a horizontal precontoured one-third tubular plate wrapped around its corners. This method, which we named "hoop plating," is mainly indicated for cases of crushed juxta-articular rim fractures, aiming to restore cortical containment of the tibial plateau. Through a lateral approach with a fibular head osteotomy (Lobenhoffer approach), both anterolateral and posterolateral fragments are directly reduced and supported by a one-third tubular plate of adequate length...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Knee Surgery
Patrícia Graef, Stella M Michaelsen, Maria L R Dadalt, Daiana A M S Rodrigues, Franciele Pereira, Aline S Pagnussat
Objective: To investigate the effects of functional strengthening (using functional movements) and analytical strengthening (using repetitive movements) on level of activity and muscular strength gain in patients with chronic hemiparesis after stroke. Method: A randomized, assessor-blinded trial was conducted in a therapist-supervised home rehabilitation program. Twenty-seven patients with chronic stroke were randomly allocated one of two groups: functional strengthening (FS) (n=13) and analytical strengthening (AS) (n=14)...
September 16, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
Evren Yaşar, Emre Adigüzel, Serdar Kesikburun, Itır Yenihayat, Bilge Yılmaz, Rıdvan Alaca, Arif Kenan Tan
OBJECTIVES: Here we aimed to investigate the feasibility of sonoelastography to show muscle stiffness in post-stroke spasticity, and the relationship between sonoelastography findings and clinical spasticity scores in the spastic forearm muscles. METHODS: This study was carried out in a university rehabilitation center. 26 stroke patients with forearm muscle spasticity (≥ 1+ using the Modified Ashworth Scale score and ≥1 using the Tardieu scale) were included...
September 28, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
Paulo Gentil, James Fisher, James Steele
Resistance exercises can be considered to be multi-joint (MJ) or single-joint (SJ) in nature. Many strength coaches, trainers, and trainees believe that adding SJ exercises to a resistance training (RT) program may be required to optimize muscular size and strength. However, given that lack of time is a frequently cited barrier to exercise adoption, the time commitment resulting from these recommendations may not be convenient for many people. Therefore, it is important to find strategies that reduce the time commitment without negatively affecting results...
September 27, 2016: Sports Medicine
Julien Nardoux
OBJECTIVE: Chronic low-back pain is accompanied by physical deconditioning which result among other by lower VO2max and by disturbances isokinetic explorations. The objective of this study was to investigate whether there was a correlation between VO2max and isokinetic parameters spine before and after a functional restoration program (FRP). MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: Uni-centric retrospective study in routine care. Isokinetic spine muscle strength evaluation and functional exercise exploration were performed before and after FRP for all hospitalized patients for 4 weeks to FRP...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Flavia Coroian, Jérôme Froger, H-Y Bonnin Koang, Claire Jourdan, Karima Bakhti, Marc Julia, Audrey Jaussent, Christian Hérisson, Isabelle Laffont
OBJECTIVE: The sensori-motor impairment of upper limb (UL) affects more than 50% of patients after stroke. The objective of this work was to study the efficiency of isokinetic muscle strengthening (IMS) in the chronic phase of stroke in this population. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: The patients underwent 6 weeks of outpatient rehabilitation, 3 days per week, combining physiotherapy (twice/day) and occupational therapy every day. The program was completed by 30 minutes elbow and wrist concentric slow speed IMS of flexor and extensor muscles, in the study group versus 30 minutes passive mobilisation of the joints carried out by the same isokinetic dynamometer in the control group...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
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