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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231603/-warm-needling-moxibustion-for-knee-osteoarthritis-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Xiaoling Wang, Xiangbin Wang, Meijin Hou, Huahua Wang, Feng Ji
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the clinical efficacy of warm-needling moxibustion for knee osteoarthritis (KOA), and to explore its effects on isokinetic strength of lower limb muscle. METHODS: Fifty cases of KOA were randomly divided into an observation group (25 cases) and a control group (21 cases), but 4 cases lost contact. The observation group was treated with warm-needling moxibustion at Dubi (ST 35), Neixiyan (EX-LE 4), Xuehai (SP 10), Liangqiu (ST 34), Yinlingquan (SP 9), Yanglingquan (GB 34), Weizhong (BL 40), Heyang (BL 55) and Fengshi (GB 31) for 40 min per treatment...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228255/community-wide-intervention-and-population-level-physical-activity-a-5-year-cluster-randomized-trial
#2
Masamitsu Kamada, Jun Kitayuguchi, Takafumi Abe, Masataka Taguri, Shigeru Inoue, Yoshiki Ishikawa, Adrian Bauman, I-Min Lee, Motohiko Miyachi, Ichiro Kawachi
Background: Evidence from a limited number of short-term trials indicates the difficulty in achieving population-level improvements in physical activity (PA) through community-wide interventions (CWIs). We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of a 5-year CWI for promoting PA in middle-aged and older adults using a cluster randomized design. Methods: We randomized 12 communities in Unnan, Japan, to either intervention (9) or control (3). Additionally, intervention communities were randomly allocated to three subgroups by different PA types promoted...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224232/physical-activity-and-family-based-obesity-treatment-a-review-of-expert-recommendations-on-physical-activity-in-youth
#3
REVIEW
C Foster, J B Moore, C R Singletary, J A Skelton
Targeting physical inactivity in children is pertinent to aiding in the decrease of childhood obesity rates. Only 33% of adolescents are obtaining the recommended goal of at least 60 min of physical activity per day. The objectives of this review are to summarize professional recommendations for physical activity and exercise in children and adolescents, and identify family-centred strategies that can be implemented by weight management clinicians. Clinically oriented recommendations and policy statements from professional organizations were identified through literature and internet searches, summarized using rubrics of aerobic, muscle strengthening and bone strengthening exercise, then examined for details on family-based focus, inclusion of child developmental stage and age, and application to the prevention and treatment of obesity...
December 10, 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222718/treatment-of-stress-urinary-incontinence-with-a-mobile-app-factors-associated-with-success
#4
Emma Nyström, Ina Asklund, Malin Sjöström, Hans Stenlund, Eva Samuelsson
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Stress urinary incontinence is common among women. First-line treatment includes pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) and lifestyle advice, which can be provided via a mobile app. The efficacy of app-based treatment has been demonstrated in a randomized controlled trial (RCT). In this study, we aimed to analyze factors associated with successful treatment. METHODS: Secondary analysis of data from the RCT. At baseline and 3-month follow-up, participants (n = 61) answered questions about symptoms, quality of life, background, and PFMT...
December 8, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216898/is-the-relationship-between-increased-knee-muscle-strength-and-improved-physical-function-following-exercise-dependent-on-baseline-physical-function-status
#5
Michelle Hall, Rana S Hinman, Martin van der Esch, Marike van der Leeden, Jessica Kasza, Tim V Wrigley, Ben R Metcalf, Fiona Dobson, Kim L Bennell
BACKGROUND: Clinical guidelines recommend knee muscle strengthening exercises to improve physical function. However, the amount of knee muscle strength increase needed for clinically relevant improvements in physical function is unclear. Understanding how much increase in knee muscle strength is associated with improved physical function could assist clinicians in providing appropriate strength gain targets for their patients in order to optimise outcomes from exercise. The aim of this study was to investigate whether an increase in knee muscle strength is associated with improved self-reported physical function following exercise; and whether the relationship differs according to physical function status at baseline...
December 8, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210749/pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-patients-with-acute-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-exacerbations-is-the-evidence-strengthening
#6
Lissa Spencer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This manuscript aims to review the most recent evidence about the benefits of early pulmonary rehabilitation commenced during an acute exacerbation in people with COPD (AECOPD). RECENT FINDINGS: A number of RCTs and an observational study, published between 2015 and 2017, have used different exercise interventions compared with usual medical care in people with moderate-to-severe COPD during an AECOPD. The results show short-term improvement in walking distance, muscle strength, quality of life and anxiety and depression...
November 27, 2017: Current Opinion in Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200630/changes-in-lower-limb-muscle-activity-based-on-angle-of-ankle-abduction-during-lunge-exercise
#7
Yoonhee Choi, Sangyong Lee
[Purpose] This study compared the activity of the quadriceps femoris muscle according to the angle of ankle abduction during a lunge exercise. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen male healthy volunteers participated in the study. All participants performed the lunge exercise with different angles of ankle abduction (0°, 20°, 40°, 60°). The activity of the rectus femoris (RF), vastus lateralis (VL) and vastus medialis oblique (VMO) muscles were recorded for the four angles by using a surface electromyography system...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196166/1-25-oh-2d3-attenuates-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-via-microrna-204-mediated-tgfbr2-smad-signaling
#8
Hua Yu, Min Xu, Yizhi Dong, Jingjing Liu, Yaozhe Li, Wei Mao, Jindan Wang, Liangxing Wang
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease characterized by high pulmonary artery pressure. It is reported that microRNA-204 (miR-204) plays an important role in the development of PAH. Calcitriol [1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, 1,25(OH)2D3] mediates multiple pathophysiological processes. The aim of the current study was to explore the role of 1,25(OH)2D3 in PAH. PAH was induced in rats and rat pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (PAECs) were isolated as in vitro PAH model. The mean pulmonary artery pressure, morphologic changes, and expressions of transforming growth factor-beta1 (Tgfbr2), Smad2/7, alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and p21 were then measured...
November 28, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184791/comprehensive-pelvic-floor-physical-therapy-program-for-men-with-idiopathic-chronic-pelvic-pain-syndrome-a-prospective-study
#9
Thomas A Masterson, John M Masterson, Jessica Azzinaro, Lattoya Manderson, Sanjaya Swain, Ranjith Ramasamy
Background: Male chronic pelvic pain syndrome (CPPS) is a heterogeneous constellation of symptoms that causes significant impairment and is often challenging to treat. In this prospective study, we evaluated men with CPPS who underwent comprehensive pelvic floor physical therapy (PFPT) program. We used the previously validated Genitourinary Pain Index (GUPI) to measure outcomes. Methods: We included 14 men who underwent physical therapy for idiopathic CPPS from October 2015 to October 2016...
October 2017: Translational Andrology and Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184277/effect-of-axial-shoulder-external-rotation-exercise-in-side-lying-using-visual-feedback-on-shoulder-external-rotators
#10
Dong Hyun Kim, Tae Ho Kim
[Purpose] This study aimed to determine effectiveness of axial side-lying wiper exercise using the visual feedback with a laser pointer on infraspinatus and posterior deltoid muscles. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects were 22 healthy adults (18 males, 4 females) in their 20s who consented to participate in the present study. Surface Electromyography was used to measure the infraspinatus and posterior deltoid muscle activity before and after an intervention. The intervention consisted of performing side-lying wiper exercise with a 1-kg dumbbell and a ruled paper for 30 minutes...
October 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182712/sarcopenia-is-negatively-related-to-high-gravitational-impacts-achieved-from-day-to-day-physical-activity
#11
April Hartley, Celia L Gregson, Kimberly Hannam, Kevin C Deere, Emma M Clark, Jon H Tobias
Background: Sarcopenia has been associated with reduced physical activity (PA). We aimed to determine if sarcopenia, and specific components of muscle size, function and physical performance, are associated with high impacts achieved during habitual PA, as these are related to bone strength in community-dwelling older women. Methods: Participants were older women from the Cohort of Skeletal Health in Bristol and Avon. We defined sarcopenia using the EWGSOP criteria...
November 22, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series A, Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29181249/comparison-of-hamstring-muscle-activation-during-high-speed-running-and-various-hamstring-strengthening-exercises
#12
Roland van den Tillaar, Jens Asmund Brevik Solheim, Jesper Bencke
Purpose/Background: Several studies have examined the effect of hamstring strength exercises upon hamstring strains in team sports that involve many sprints. However, there has been no cross comparison among muscle activation of these hamstring training exercises with actual sprinting. Therefore, the aim of this study was to examine different hamstring exercises and compare the muscle activity in the hamstring muscle group during various exercises with the muscular activity produced during maximal sprints...
October 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180251/renal-cell-carcinoma-with-angioleiomyoma-like-stroma-and-clear-cell-papillary-renal-cell-carcinoma-exploring-sdhb-protein-immunohistochemistry-and-the-relationship-to-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#13
Sean R Williamson, Jason L Hornick, John N Eble, Nilesh S Gupta, Craig G Rogers, Lawrence True, David J Grignon, Liang Cheng
Renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with angioleiomyoma-like stroma appears to be molecularly distinct from clear cell RCC; however, its relationship to clear cell papillary RCC remains debated. Recent studies have found that similar tumors sometimes occur in patients with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), of which one study found unexpectedly negative succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) B immunostaining. We evaluated immunohistochemistry for SDHB in 12 apparently sporadic RCCs with angioleiomyoma-like stroma and correlated with clinical information for stigmata of TSC...
November 24, 2017: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29179028/kinematic-analysis-of-scapular-movements-in-patients-with-facioscapulohumeral-muscular-dystrophy
#14
C Savcun Demirci, E Turgut, E Ayvat, Ö Onursal, F Ayvat, T I Yıldız, I Düzgün, M Kılınç, S Aksu Yıldırım
The purpose of this study is to evaluate scapular movements by the three-dimensional electromagnetic system during shoulder elevation in FSHMD patients, and to compare the results with healthy individuals. 10 patients with FSHMD and 10 healthy individuals were included in the study. Scapular anterior-posterior tilt, upward-downward rotation and internal-external rotation at 30°, 60° and 90° were evaluated using the three-dimensional electromagnetic system during the elevation of the upper limbs in the scapular plane...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168188/the-relationship-between-social-play-and-developmental-milestones-in-wild-chimpanzees-pan-troglodytes-schweinfurthii
#15
Matthew R Heintz, Carson M Murray, A Catherine Markham, Anne E Pusey, Elizabeth V Lonsdorf
Social play is common among many group-living animals, but the benefits are not well understood. Proposed benefits include increased muscle coordination as the result of increased locomotor versatility and development, and strengthened social bonds through interactions with like-aged individuals. In this study, we used 33 years of long-term behavioral data on infant chimpanzees in Gombe National Park, Tanzania, to examine these potential benefits of social play, specifically how the percentage of time engaged in social play relates to motor and social developmental milestones...
November 23, 2017: American Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163981/a-comparison-of-isometric-isotonic-concentric-and-isotonic-eccentric-exercises-in-the-physiotherapy-management-of-subacromial-pain-syndrome-rotator-cuff-tendinopathy-study-protocol-for-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial
#16
Rita Kinsella, Sallie M Cowan, Lyn Watson, Tania Pizzari
Background: Subacromial pain syndrome (SPS) involving rotator cuff tendinopathy is a common cause of shoulder pain and disability. Evidence suggests that structured physiotherapy may be as effective as surgery in this condition with significant improvements demonstrated in trials involving scapular retraining, rotator cuff strengthening and flexibility exercises. Most published programs typically utilise isotonic concentric and/or eccentric strengthening modes. Recently, immediate analgesic effects and muscle strength gains following heavy-load isometric exercises in lower limb tendinopathy conditions have been observed...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161747/a-functional-mri-exploration-of-hamstring-activation-during-the-supine-bridge-exercise
#17
Matthew Bourne, Morgan Williams, Tania Pizzari, Anthony Shield
The single leg supine bridge (SLB) is a commonly employed strengthening exercise and is used as a clinical test for hamstring function in sports, however, little is known about the patterns of muscle activation in this task. To explore these activation patterns, nine healthy, recreationally active males underwent functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) of their thighs at rest and immediately after 5 sets of 10 repetitions of the SLB exercise. Exercise-induced increases in the transverse (T2) relaxation time of the biceps femoris long and short heads, semitendinosus and semimembranosus, were determined via signal intensity changes in pre- and post-exercise images and used as an index of muscle activation...
November 21, 2017: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157738/do-hip-muscle-weakness-and-dynamic-knee-valgus-matter-for-the-clinical-evaluation-and-decision-making-process-in-patients-with-patellofemoral-pain
#18
REVIEW
Nayra Deise Dos Anjos Rabelo, Paulo Roberto Garcia Lucareli
BACKGROUND: Patellofemoral pain is a very common musculoskeletal condition. In the last years, evidence regarding this disease increased exponentially. Although widely investigated, this problem still frustrates patients and clinicians for having an unfavorable prognosis. Some gaps still exist in the understanding and managing of patellofemoral pain. Numerous cross-sectional association studies show an association between gluteus muscular strength and dynamic knee valgus in patients with patellofemoral pain...
November 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143126/-spinal-orthoses-in-the-treatment-of-vertebral-fractures-with-osteoporosis-a-systematic-review-article
#19
REVIEW
M Pfeifer, M Gehlen, C Hinz
This literature search concerning the potential role of spinal orthoses for rehabilitation and treatment of atraumatic vertebral fractures between Th4 and L5 with osteoporosis and without any evidence for a secondary cause, provided no evidence for the benefits of traditional rigid thoracolumbar corsets, which only had a poor compliance. In addition, there are indications that these rigid corsets may even worsen the disease condition especially in the long-term. Wearing these corsets can result in further loss of muscle mass and strength followed by loss of bone and bone mass...
November 15, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140190/evaluation-of-a-shoulder-injury-prevention-program-in-wheelchair-basketball
#20
Jereme Wilroy, Elizabeth Hibberd
CONTEXT: Previous literature has theorized that alterations in shoulder physical characteristics are present in wheelchair athletes and contribute to shoulder pain and injury. Limited empirical evidence is present that evaluates the effectiveness of a shoulder injury prevention program focusing on improving these altered characteristics. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of a 6-week intervention program at improving characteristics that increases the risk of developing pain or shoulder injury...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
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