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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323705/etiology-of-adult-onset-stress-fracture-in-the-lumbar-spine
#1
Fumitake Tezuka, Koichi Sairyo, Toshinori Sakai, Akira Dezawa
STUDY DESIGN: This study was a case series. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper was to present a case series of fresh stress fractures (spondylolysis) in the lumbar spines of adult athletes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar spondylolysis is a stress fracture of the pars interarticularis, which is generally considered a disease of children or adolescence. There is only 1 case series written in English reporting on adult-onset fresh spondylolysis...
April 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252476/athletic-hip-injuries
#2
T Sean Lynch, Asheesh Bedi, Christopher M Larson
Historically, athletic hip injuries have garnered little attention; however, these injuries account for approximately 6% of all sports injuries and their prevalence is increasing. At times, the diagnosis and management of hip injuries can be challenging and elusive for the team physician. Hip injuries are seen in high-level athletes who participate in cutting and pivoting sports that require rapid acceleration and deceleration. Described previously as the "sports hip triad," these injuries consist of adductor strains, osteitis pubis, athletic pubalgia, or core muscle injury, often with underlying range-of-motion limitations secondary to femoroacetabular impingement...
April 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203599/surgical-management-of-rectus-femoris-avulsion-among-professional-soccer-players
#3
Bertrand Sonnery-Cottet, Nuno Camelo Barbosa, Sanesh Tuteja, Roland Gardon, Matt Daggett, Damien Monnot, Charles Kajetanek, Mathieu Thaunat
BACKGROUND: Rectus femoris injuries are common among athletes, especially in kicking sports such as soccer; however, proximal rectus femoris avulsions in athletes are a relatively rare entity. PURPOSE/HYPOTHESIS: The purpose of this study was to describe and report the results of an original technique of surgical excision of the proximal tendon remnant followed by a muscular suture repair. Our hypothesis was that this technique limits the risk of recurrence in high-level athletes and allows for rapid recovery without loss of quadriceps strength...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28188336/injuries-of-the-obturator-muscles-in-professional-soccer-players
#4
Manuel Wong-On, Antonio Turmo-Garuz, Rafael Arriaza, Jose Manuel Gonzalez de Suso, Luis Til-Perez, Xavier Yanguas-Leite, David Diaz-Cueli, Xavier Gasol-Santa
PURPOSE: Obturator externus and internus muscular tears are uncommon injuries. Only a few case reports exist, mainly in high-level athletes. Our aim is to describe a series of obturator externus and internus muscular tears in professional soccer players. METHODS: Injury data from four teams from the First Division of the Spanish Soccer League were collected over a total of four seasons. Any soccer player who sustained an injury to either the obturator externus or internus identified on magnetic resonance (MRI) was included...
February 10, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28185123/phalanx-fractures-and-dislocations-in-athletes
#5
REVIEW
Franklin Chen, David M Kalainov
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Phalangeal fractures, dislocations, and fracture-dislocations in the hand are common injuries. We review the current literature on the diagnosis and treatment of these injuries in the athlete. An understanding of the anatomy and its relationship to the mechanism of injury may help to direct appropriate management. Return to play remains an important concern to the patient-athlete. RECENT FINDINGS: Findings from recently published articles reinforce previously established treatment methods in the management of finger phalangeal fractures, dislocations, and fracture-dislocations...
March 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138984/plasma-volume-reduction-and-hematological-fluctuations-in-high-level-athletes-after-an-increased-training-load
#6
J Bejder, A B Andersen, J P Goetze, N J Aachmann-Andersen, N B Nordsborg
The time course of plasma volume (PV) reduction following an increased training load period is unknown and was investigated. The accompanying fluctuations in [Hb] and OFF-hr score were analyzed in the Athlete Biological Passport. Further, whether fluctuations in plasma albumin, soluble transferrin receptors (sTfR), and pro-atrial natriuretic peptide (proANP) concentrations correlate with PV fluctuations was investigated. Eleven high-level competitive cyclists were investigated for 3 weeks. After initial measurements in week 1, training load was increased ~250% in week 2 followed by a reversion to baseline training load in week 3...
January 30, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087244/practice-makes-perfect-correlations-between-prior-experience-in-high-level-athletics-and-robotic-surgical-performance-do-not-persist-after-task-repetition
#7
Kevin Shee, Fady M Ghali, Elias S Hyams
OBJECTIVE: Robotic surgical skill development is central to training in urology as well as in other surgical disciplines. Here, we describe a pilot study assessing the relationships between robotic surgery simulator performance and 3 categories of activities, namely, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics. DESIGN: A questionnaire was administered to preclinical medical students for general demographic information and prior experiences in surgery, videogames, musical instruments, and athletics...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049597/amateur-and-recreational-athletes-return-to-sport-at-a-high-rate-following-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoroacetabular-impingement
#8
Alexander E Weber, Benjamin D Kuhns, Greg L Cvetanovich, Jeffrey S Grzybowski, Michael J Salata, Shane J Nho
PURPOSE: To compare the return-to-play rates, patient-reported outcome (PRO) scores, and satisfaction between high-level amateur athletes and recreational athletes and to evaluate for differences in ability to return to sport in these groups based on patient-related and sport-related characteristics. METHODS: Clinical data were retrieved for 66 (26 male/40 female) consecutive athletes undergoing hip arthroscopy for femoroacetabular impingement. Athletes were classified as high-level amateur or recreational...
December 31, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792055/diagnosis-treatment-and-return-to-play-for-four-common-sports-injuries-of-the-hand-and-wrist
#9
Charles A Goldfarb, Sameer K Puri, Michelle Gerwin Carlson
Hand and wrist injuries in the high-level athlete are challenging because they may be underestimated by the patient, family, and team, and return to play may be longer than desired. The needs of the player and the team must be balanced with the long-term functional ramifications of the injury. Four common soft-tissue sports injuries are flexor digitorum profundus avulsion, flexor pulley rupture, extensor carpi ulnaris dislocation, and thumb metacarpophalangeal joint ulnar collateral ligament injury. For each of these injuries, the assessment, treatment, and considerations for return to play should be individualized on the basis of the patient, the sport, and the timing of the injury...
December 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27726754/imaging-of-sports-related-injuries-of-the-lower-extremity-in-pediatric-patients
#10
M Cody O'Dell, Diego Jaramillo, Laura Bancroft, Laura Varich, Gregory Logsdon, Sabah Servaes
With increasing participation and intensity of training in youth sports in the United States, the incidence of sports-related injuries is increasing, and the types of injuries are shifting. In this article, the authors review sports injuries of the lower extremity, including both acute and overuse injuries, that are common in or specific to the pediatric population. Common traumatic injuries that occur in individuals of all ages (eg, tears of the acetabular labrum and anterior cruciate ligament) are not addressed, although these occur routinely in pediatric sports...
October 2016: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694582/management-of-sports-injuries-of-the-foot-and-ankle-an-update
#11
REVIEW
C C Hong, C J Pearce, M S Ballal, J D F Calder
Injuries to the foot in athletes are often subtle and can lead to a substantial loss of function if not diagnosed and treated appropriately. For these injuries in general, even after a diagnosis is made, treatment options are controversial and become even more so in high level athletes where limiting the time away from training and competition is a significant consideration. In this review, we cover some of the common and important sporting injuries affecting the foot including updates on their management and outcomes...
October 2016: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27676875/prevalence-of-vitamin-d-deficiency-in-high-level-athletics-athletes
#12
Pascal Edouard, Jean-Michel Serra, Marie Lafleur, Frédéric Depiesse
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D works on many biological parameters, functions and pathophysiological phenomena, such as bone metabolism but also extra-osseous metabolism (muscular role immunomodulator, cardiac, infectious). In France, the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency is estimated between 36% and 79-81% based on a threshold set at 50nmol/L or 75nmol/L, respectively. Due to these effects, vitamin D seems necessary to the health of athletes. The objective of this study was to determine the vitamin D status of in athletics athletes, and to analyse the possibilities of a screening questionnaire of vitamin D deficiency...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27636554/impact-of-a-submaximal-warm-up-on-endurance-performance-in-highly-trained-and-competitive-male-runners
#13
Michael C Zourdos, Caleb D Bazyler, Edward Jo, Andy V Khamoui, Bong-Sup Park, Sang-Rok Lee, Lynn B Panton, Jeong-Su Kim
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation was to examine the effects of a submaximal running warm-up on running performance in male endurance athletes (n = 16, Mage = 21 ± 2 years, MVO2max = 69.3 ± 5.1 mL/kg/min). METHOD: Endurance performance was determined by a 30-min distance trial after control and submaximal running warm-up conditions in a randomized crossover fashion. The warm-up began with 5 min of quiet sitting, followed by 6 min of submaximal running split into 2-min intervals at speeds corresponding to 45%, 55%, and 65% maximal oxygen consumption (VO2max)...
March 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27563477/a-scaphoid-stress-fracture-in-a-female-collegiate-level-shot-putter-and-review-of-the-literature
#14
Jessica M Kohring, Heather M Curtiss, Andrew R Tyser
Scaphoid stress fractures are rare injuries that have been described in young, high-level athletes who exhibit repetitive loading with the wrist in extension. We present a case of an occult scaphoid stress fracture in a 22-year-old female Division I collegiate shot-putter. She was successfully treated with immobilization in a thumb spica splint for 6 weeks. Loaded wrist extension activities can predispose certain high-level athletes to sustain scaphoid stress fractures, and a high index of suspicion in this patient population may aid prompt diagnosis and management of this rare injury...
2016: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462543/arthroscopic-debridement-of-pediatric-accessory-anterolateral-talar-facet-causing-impingement
#15
Julie A Neumann, Sandeep Mannava, Christopher E Gross, Benjamin M Wooster, Michael T Busch
Symptomatic subfibular and/or lateral talocalcaneal impingement in pediatric patients may result from an accessory anterolateral talar facet (AALTF). This impingement may cause pain and disability and may limit athletic performance in high-level athletes. We report the case of a 12-year-old female competitive gymnast who had refractory, lateral-sided right ankle pain for 4 months and underwent right ankle arthroscopic resection of the AALTF causing impingement. Standard medial and anterolateral portals with the addition of an accessory anterolateral-distal portal were used in conjunction with a 30° 2...
April 2016: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27395448/sports-related-testing-protocols-are-required-to-reveal-trunk-stability-adaptations-in-high-level-athletes
#16
David Barbado, Luis C Barbado, Jose L L Elvira, Jaap H van Dieën, Francisco J Vera-Garcia
Trunk/core stability is considered a key component of training programs, because it could contribute to prevention of low-back and lower-limb injuries and to sports performance. Based on the specificity principle, sports-related trunk stability tests would be required in elite sports performance. However, there may be some generic qualities underlying trunk stability that can be assessed with nonspecific protocols, which are broadly used in sport and rehabilitation. To assess whether specific tests are needed in a high-performance context, we analyzed the influence of specialization in sports with large but qualitatively different balance control demands (judo and kayaking) on trunk stability and compared high-performance athletes with recreational athletes without a specific training history...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27335810/medial-ulnar-collateral-ligament-reconstruction-of-the-elbow-in-major-league-baseball-players-where-do-we-stand
#17
REVIEW
Brandon J Erickson, Bernard R Bach, Charles A Bush-Joseph, Nikhil N Verma, Anthony A Romeo
The ulnar collateral ligament (UCL) is a vital structure to the overhead athlete, especially the baseball pitcher. For reasons not completely understood, UCL injuries have become increasingly more common in major league baseball (MLB) pitchers over the past 10 years. UCL reconstruction (UCLR) is the current gold standard of treatment for these injuries in MLB pitchers who wish to return to sport (RTS) at a high level and who have failed a course of non-operative treatment. Results following UCLR in MLB pitchers have been encouraging, with multiple RTS rates now cited at greater than 80%...
June 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27326963/etiology-of-adult-onset-stress-fracture-in-the-lumbar-spine
#18
Fumitake Tezuka, Koichi Sairyo, Toshinori Sakai, Akira Dezawa
STUDY DESIGN: Case series. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this paper is to present a case series of fresh stress fractures (spondylolysis) in the lumbar spines of adult athletes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Lumbar spondylolysis is a stress fracture of the pars interarticularis, which is generally considered a disease of children or adolescence. There is only one case series written in English reporting on adult-onset fresh spondylolysis. METHODS: Eleven patients aged 20-27 years are included in this case series...
June 20, 2016: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27269801/upper-extremity-physical-performance-tests-in-college-athletes
#19
Jeffrey B Taylor, Alexis A Wright, James M Smoliga, J Tyler DePew, Eric J Hegedus
CONTEXT: Physical-performance tests (PPTs) are commonly used in rehabilitation and injury-prevention settings, yet normative values of upper-extremity PPTs have not been established in high-level athletes. OBJECTIVE: To establish normative data values for the Closed Kinetic Chain Upper-Extremity Stability Test (CKCUEST) and Upper-Quarter Y-Balance Test (UQYBT) in college athletes and compare results between sports and to analyze the relationship between the 2 tests...
May 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27231334/time-to-be-honest-regarding-outcomes-of-acl-reconstructions-should-we-be-quoting-55-65-success-rates-for-high-level-athletes
#20
EDITORIAL
Robert G McCormack, Mark R Hutchinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
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