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blood vessel lymphatic

Yukio Ozaki, Shogo Tamura, Katsue Suzuki-Inoue
Platelets play a key role in the pathophysiological processes of hemostasis and thrombus formation. However, platelet functions beyond thrombosis and hemostasis have been increasingly identified in recent years. A large body of evidence now exists which suggests that platelets also play a key role in inflammation, immunity, malignancy, and furthermore in organ development and regeneration, such as the liver. We have recently identified CLEC-2 on the platelet membrane, which induces intracellular activation signals upon interaction of a snake venom, rhodocytin...
2016: Thrombosis Journal
Pankaj Dangle, Cláudia Salgado, Miguel Reyes-Mugica, Francis Schneck, Michael Ost, Sunder Sims-Lucas
OBJECTIVE: To determine if vanishing testis could result from a fault in embryological development as a result of an arrest in endothelial cell migration rather than secondary to just a random physical torsion/twist. .A testicular nubbin or vanishing testis is considered to be secondary to a neonatal torsion and is usually associated with a hemosiderin deposit. METHODS: Cases of vanishing testis excision were compared with age-matched controls from cadaveric testes without known genitourinary pathology...
October 17, 2016: Urology
Triantafyllos Stylianopoulos
Tumor progression and response to treatment is determined in large part by the generation of mechanical stresses that stem from both the solid and the fluid phase of the tumor. Furthermore, elevated solid stress levels can regulate fluid stresses by compressing intratumoral blood and lymphatic vessels. Blood vessel compression reduces tumor perfusion, while compression of lymphatic vessels hinders the ability of the tumor to drain excessive fluid from its interstitial space contributing to the uniform elevation of the interstitial fluid pressure...
October 19, 2016: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Mar Llamas-Velasco, Victoria Alegría, Ángel Santos-Briz, Lorenzo Cerroni, Heinz Kutzner, Luis Requena
We review the most characteristic clinical and histopathologic findings of the cutaneous manifestations of the occlusive nonvasculitic vasculopathic disorders. Clinically, most of these conditions are characterized by retiform purpura. Histopathologic findings consist of occlusion of the vessel lumina with no vasculitis. Different disorders may produce nonvasculitic occlusive vasculopathy in cutaneous blood and lymphatic vessels, including embolization due to cholesterol and oxalate emboli, cutaneous intravascular metastasis from visceral malignancies, atrial myxomas, intravascular angiosarcoma, intralymphatic histiocytosis, intravascular lymphomas, endocarditis, crystal globulin vasculopathy, hypereosinophilic syndrome, and foreign material...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Yuandong Li, Woo June Choi, Wan Qin, Utku Baran, Lauren M Habenicht, Ruikang K Wang
BACKGROUND: Arteriogenesis describes the active growth of the pre-existing collateral arterioles, which is a crucial tissue-saving process in occlusive vascular diseases. NEW METHOD: We propose to use optical coherence tomography (OCT)-based microangiography (OMAG) to monitor arteriogenesis following artery transection in mouse ear and focal stroke in mouse brain. RESULTS: Our longitudinal mouse ear study shows that the growth phase of arteriogenesis, indicated by changes in collateral vessel diameter and velocity, occurs between 12-24hours after vessel occlusion...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Neuroscience Methods
Patrick Mucka, Nicholas Levonyak, Elena Geretti, Bernadette M M Zwaans, Xiaoran Li, Irit Adini, Michael Klagsbrun, Rosalyn M Adam, Diane R Bielenberg
The vasculature influences the progression and resolution of tissue inflammation. Capillaries express vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors, including neuropilins (NRPs), which regulate interstitial fluid flow. NRP2, a receptor of VEGFA and semaphorin (SEMA) 3F ligands, is expressed in the vascular and lymphatic endothelia. Previous studies have demonstrated that blocking VEGF receptor 2 attenuates VEGFA-induced vascular permeability. The inhibition of NRP2 was hypothesized to decrease vascular permeability as well...
October 12, 2016: American Journal of Pathology
Stefan Mogk, Christian M Boßelmann, Celestin N Mudogo, Jasmin Stein, Hartwig Wolburg, Michael Duszenko
African trypanosomes induce sleeping sickness. The parasites are transmitted during the blood meal of a tsetse fly and appear primarily in blood and lymph vessels, before they enter the central nervous system. During the latter stage, trypanosomes induce a deregulation of sleep-wake cycles and some additional neurological disorders. Historically, it was assumed that trypanosomes cross the blood-brain barrier and settle somewhere between the brain cells. The brain, however, is a strictly controlled and immune-privileged area that is completely surrounded by a dense barrier that covers the blood vessels: this is the blood-brain barrier...
October 14, 2016: Biological Reviews of the Cambridge Philosophical Society
Georgios Lolas, Lasse Jensen, George C Bourantas, Vasiliki Tsikourkitoudi, Konstantinos Syrigos
With the exception of a limited number of sites in the body, primary tumors infrequently lead to the demise of cancer patients. Instead, mortality and a significant degree of morbidity result from the growth of secondary tumors in distant organs. Tumor survival, growth and dissemination are associated with the formation of both new blood vessels (angiogenesis) and new lymph vessels (lymphagenesis or lymphangiogenesis). Although intensive research in tumor angiogenesis has been going on for the past four decades, experimental results in tumor lymphangiogenesis began to appear only in the last 10 years...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
Yasuhiro Shibata, Sota Kurihara, Seiji Arai, Haruo Kato, Tomomi Suzuki, Yoshiyuki Miyazawa, Hidekazu Koike, Kazuto Ito, Tetsuya Nakamura, Kazuhiro Suzuki
OBJECTIVES: Microsurgical subinguinal varicocelectomy is one of the best treatment modalities for varicoceles related to male infertility and scrotal pain. However, the difficulty in identifying testicular arteries, which should be spared, is a limitation of this technique. To visualize and identify the testicular arteries in spermatic cord during the operation, we examined the efficacy of intraoperative indocyanine green angiography (ICGA), which is regularly used in microsurgical neurosurgery...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
Dhananjaya Sharma, Shuji Isaji
Focused pathological attention to tumor invasion of the retroperitoneal resection margin after pancreaticoduodenectomy for cancer of head of the pancreas led to the knowledge of strong tendency of cancer cells to infiltrate into the retropancreatic tissue and to spread along the peripancreatic neural plexuses as the cause of local recurrence. The term 'mesopancreas' was coined to describe perineural lymphatic layer located dorsally to the pancreas and it was suggested that its complete resection will minimize loco-regional recurrence and improve outcome...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Hepato-biliary-pancreatic Sciences
Guillermo García-Cardeña, Bendix R Slegtenhorst
Biomechanical forces are emerging as critical regulators of embryogenesis, particularly in the developing cardiovascular system. From the onset of blood flow, the embryonic vasculature is continuously exposed to a variety of hemodynamic forces. These biomechanical stimuli are key determinants of vascular cell specification and remodeling and the establishment of vascular homeostasis. In recent years, major advances have been made in our understanding of mechano-activated signaling networks that control both spatiotemporal and structural aspects of vascular development...
October 6, 2016: Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology
Hai-Tao Du, Ping Liu
The aim of the present study was to investigate the roles of matrix metalloproteinase 14 (MMP-14) in corneal inflammatory lymphangiogenesis. The expression of MMP-14 in vivo was detected by immunohistochemistry, reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) and western blot assays, under various corneal conditions. pCMV-MMP-14 or empty pCMV vectors were injected into mouse corneal stroma, 3 days after suture placement in a standard suture-induced inflammatory corneal neovascularization assay...
October 2016: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Shotaro Maehana, Masaki Nakamura, Fumihiro Ogawa, Rimika Imai, Rei Murakami, Fumiaki Kojima, Masataka Majima, Hidero Kitasato
The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family has a key role in the formation of blood vessels and lymphatics. Among the members of this family, VEGF-C is one of the most important factors involved in lymphangiogenesis via binding with two receptors (vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 and -3: VEGFR-2 and VEGFR-3). Soluble VEGFR-2 (sVEGFR-2) has a role in maintaining the alymphatic state of the cornea associated with binding to VEGF-C, and selectively inhibits lymphangiogenesis but not angiogenesis...
September 30, 2016: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Uwe Rueckschloss, Stefanie Kuerten, Süleyman Ergün
Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA)-related cell adhesion molecules belong to the immunoglobulin superfamily, are expressed in a broad spectrum of tissues and cell types and exert context-dependent activating as well as inhibitory effects. Among these molecules, the CEA-related cell adhesion molecule-1 (CEACAM1) is a transmembrane molecule with an extracellular, a transmembrane and a cytoplasmic domain. The latter contains immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs and functions as a signaling molecule. CEACAM1 can form homo- and heterodimers which is relevant for its signaling activities...
September 30, 2016: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
Silvio Holzner, Daniel Senfter, Serena Stadler, Anna Staribacher, Chi Huu Nguyen, Anna Gaggl, Silvana Geleff, Nicole Huttary, Sigurd Krieger, Walter Jäger, Helmut Dolznig, Robert M Mader, Georg Krupitza
Since cancer cells, when grown as spheroids, display drug sensitivity and radiation resistance patterns such as seen in vivo we recently established a three‑dimensional (3D) in vitro model recapitulating colorectal cancer (CRC)-triggered lymphatic endothelial cell (LEC)‑barrier breaching to study mechanisms of intra‑/extravasation. CRC metastasizes not only through lymphatics but also through blood vessels and here we extend the 3D model to the interaction of blood endothelial cells (BECs) with naïve and 5‑fluorouracil (5‑FU)‑resistant CRC CCL227 cells...
September 20, 2016: Oncology Reports
Shinya Takahashi, Ryuta Kikuchi, Kimiharu Ambe, Toshihiro Nakagawa, Satoshi Takada, Takashi Ohno, Hiroki Watanabe
Type I diabetes, an autoimmune disease, induces insulin deficiency, which then disrupts vascular endothelial cell function, affecting blood and lymphatic vessels. Nitric oxide (NO) is an immune-induced destructive mediator in type I diabetes, and inhibition of its production promotes arteriosclerosis. In this study, lymphangiogenesis and expression of NO synthase (NOS) during the healing process after tooth extraction were investigated immunohistochemically in control (C57BL) and Akita mice as a diabetes model...
2016: Bulletin of Tokyo Dental College
John D Martin, Dai Fukumura, Dan G Duda, Yves Boucher, Rakesh K Jain
Solid tumors consist of cancer cells and stromal cells, including resident and transiting immune cells-all ensconced in an extracellular matrix (ECM)-nourished by blood vessels and drained by lymphatic vessels. The microenvironment constituents are abnormal and heterogeneous in morphology, phenotype, and physiology. Such irregularities include an inefficient tumor vascular network comprised of leaky and compressed vessels, which impair blood flow and oxygen delivery. Low oxygenation in certain tumor regions-or focal hypoxia-is a mediator of cancer progression, metastasis, immunosuppression, and treatment resistance...
September 23, 2016: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Medicine
Jeon Hwang-Bo, Jong-Hwa Park, Mun Gyeong Bae, In Sik Chung
We describe the inhibitory effects of recombinant canstatin on tumor growth and lymphangiogenesis induced by an oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) using an orthotropic oral SCC animal model. Recombinant canstatin treatment decreased final tumor volumes and weights, as well as densities of blood and lymphatic vessels. Lung metastasis of oral SCC was significantly reduced in recombinant canstatin-treated animals. Recombinant canstatin reduced vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A expression in SCC-VII cells treated with the hypoxia mimetic agent, CoCl2 ...
September 20, 2016: Cancer Medicine
Desanka Výbohová, Katarína Adamicová, Yvetta Mellová, Gabriela Hešková
Epidermal proliferation, inflammatory changes and microvascular augmentation are prominent features of chronic cutaneous psoriatic lesions. The objective of this study was the investigation of blood and lymphatic microvascular changes in relation to epidermal changes and inflammatory infiltration in dermis. Immunohistochemical analysis with antibodies to CD34, podoplanin, vascular endothelial growth factors - A and C (VEGF-A and C) and morphometric software were used for quantification of the following parameters: blood and lymphatic vessel area (BVA and LVA), VEGF - A and VEGF-C positive area, inflammatory cell infiltration in dermis (CIA) and epidermal area (EA)...
September 16, 2016: Histology and Histopathology
Tor A Klingen, Ying Chen, Ingunn M Stefansson, Gøril Knutsvik, Karin Collett, Anne L Abrahamsen, Hildegunn Aase, Hans Aas, Turid Aas, Elisabeth Wik, Lars A Akslen
AIMS: Vascular invasion in breast cancer is associated with increased risk of recurrence, metastases and death from disease. However, there are few studies discriminating between blood vessel invasion (BVI) and lymphatic vessel involvement (LVI). METHODS: A population-based series of 282 breast cancers was examined (200 screen-detected and 82 interval patients) with respect to BVI and LVI in addition to basic features and molecular subtypes, using CD31 and D2-40 antibodies...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
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