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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441842/-analysis-of-funding-of-projects-on-obstetrics-and-gynecology-supported-by-national-natural-science-foundation-of-china-from-2007-to-2016
#1
S H Qin, Q S Huang, S Z Yao
Objective: To summarize the funding of scientific research projects on obstetrics and gynecology by National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) from 2007 to 2016 and to display the hotspots of scientific research on obstetrics and gynecology. Methods: A systemic search was performed for the information of projects supported by NSFC from 2007 to 2016. The indicators for analysis included the number of projects, total investment, project categories, research units and research field. The research direction of each project was decided based on title, summary and key words provided by the profile of each project...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434089/pregnancy-and-kidney-disease-from-medicine-based-on-exceptions-to-exceptional-medicine
#2
EDITORIAL
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Gianfranca Cabiddu
The Webster dictionary defines exception as an anomaly, a person or thing that does not follow a rule, while the adjective exceptional has a different nuance, and means "above average". These two words may describe how obstetric nephrology has shifted from the description of very rare cases, to the development of a complex new and fascinating branch of medicine, that counterbalances obstetricians' usually optimistic outlook by focusing on subtle challenges posed by chronic diseases, and mitigate the frequently grim approach of nephrologists, with a message of hope: women with kidney disease can have the same basic life goals as healthy women their age...
April 22, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426597/accommodating-immigrant-women-s-preferences-for-female-health-care-providers
#3
Christa Aubrey, Zubia Mumtaz, Patrick B Patterson, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate obstetricians' perspectives of the importance, effect, and challenges of providing intrapartum care to immigrant women who request a female obstetrician. METHODS: A focused ethnography was conducted at a large teaching hospital, which serves a high proportion of immigrant clientele (predominantly North or East African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian) in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Data collection comprised single, semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 20 obstetric health care providers (10 resident and 10 staff obstetricians)...
May 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420905/effects-of-supervised-aerobic-training-on-the-levels-of-anti-mullerian-hormone-and-adiposity-measures-in-women-with-normo-ovulatory-and-polycystic-ovary-syndrome
#4
Einas Al-Eisa, Sami Ali Gabr, Ahmad Hieder Alghadir
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the change in the levels of anti-Mullerian hormone, adiponectin, weight loss and fertility parameters in obese women with or without polycystic ovary syndrome, following 12 weeks of supervised aerobic exercise. METHODS: This study was conducted from August 2013 to October 2014 among obese women with or without polycystic ovary syndrome referred to Obstetrics and Gynecology clinic, Mansoura University Hospital, Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, Egypt...
April 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416028/attitudes-and-perceptions-of-pregnant-women-with-chd-results-of-a-single-site-survey
#5
Aarthi Sabanayagam, David Briston, Ali N Zaidi
Introduction CHD occurs in about 1% of the United States population, and is now the most common cardiac condition affecting women during pregnancy. METHODS: An anonymous, single-site, cross-sectional, 50-question survey was performed at a national Adult Congenital Heart Disease conference to assess the level of knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions regarding cardiac care during pregnancy in women with CHD. RESULTS: A total of 77 women completed the survey. Among them, 50% (n=39) had moderate and 38% (n=29) had severely complex disease; 30% (n=23) of women were told that pregnancy was contraindicated given their underlying cardiac condition...
April 18, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412669/measurement-of-frontal-lobe-volume-and-thalamic-volume-in-fetuses-with-congenital-heart-disease-at-different-gestational-weeks-using-three-dimensional-ultra-sonography-and-its-clinical-value
#6
Zhu Li-Fei, Liu Hong-Xiong, H E Ying
Our study aimed to investigate the measurement of frontal lobe volume and thalamic volume in fetuses with congenital heart disease (CHD) at different gestational weeks using three dimensional (3-D) ultrasonography and its clinical value. Then, 238 pregnant women who received obstetric ultrasonography in ultrasound department of Internal Medicine of our hospital were enrolled between March 2013 to April 2014. In this study, 85 fetuses were diagnosed to develop CHD by prenatal fetal echocardiography, and the other 153 fetuses were normal...
November 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397979/the-obstetric-consultant-on-the-labour-ward-beyond-infancy-to-early-adolescence
#7
William F Rayburn
Hospital medicine has emerged over the last two decades into a practice pattern for those with generalist training in internal medicine, family medicine, and pediatrics. Their hospital consultative practices are now generally acceptable in light of a changing health care financial landscape, primary care physicians leaving the hospital workplace, and a push to improve the efficiency and effectiveness of systems-based hospital care. Today, several specialties are more involved in hospital consultant programs such as obstetrics, emergency medicine, surgery, and psychiatry...
April 11, 2017: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388340/offering-prenatal-screening-in-the-age-of-genomic-medicine-a-practical-guide
#8
Megan Allyse, Umut Aypar, Natasha Bonhomme, Sandra Darilek, Michael Dougherty, Ruth Farrell, Wayne Grody, W Edward Highsmith, Marsha Michie, Mark Nunes, Laura Otto, Rebecca Pabst, Glenn Palomaki, Cassandra Runke, Richard R Sharp, Brian Skotko, Katie Stoll, Myra Wick
AIMS: In September, 2015, Mayo Clinic convened a panel of national thought leaders on prenatal screening, medical genetics, and obstetrics and gynecology practice. RESULTS: During the 2-day symposium, participants discussed the implications of the shift toward broader prenatal screening using cell-free placental DNA in maternal serum (cfDNA screening). Key topics included challenges around the pace of change in the prenatal screening market, uncertainty around reimbursement, meeting the need for patient counseling, and potential challenges in interpreting and returning cfDNA screening results...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383546/mosaic-trisomy-16-what-are-the-obstetric-and-long-term-childhood-outcomes
#9
Teresa N Sparks, Kao Thao, Mary E Norton
PURPOSE: To evaluate obstetric and neonatal outcomes as well as long-term neurodevelopmental outcomes and quality of life among prenatally detected cases of mosaic trisomy (MT16) and confined placental mosaicism (CPM) for trisomy 16. METHODS: We recruited participants for this cross-sectional study through an international registry of families with children diagnosed with MT16 or CPM. Parents were interviewed about expectations based on prenatal counseling as well as about actual perinatal outcomes, congenital anomalies, medical conditions, and school progress...
April 6, 2017: Genetics in Medicine: Official Journal of the American College of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383381/accommodating-immigrant-women-s-preferences-for-female-health-care-providers
#10
Christa Aubrey, Zubia Mumtaz, Patrick B Patterson, Radha Chari, B F Peter Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: To investigate obstetricians' perspectives of the importance, effect, and challenges of providing intrapartum care to immigrant women who request a female obstetrician. METHODS: A focused ethnography was conducted at a large teaching hospital, which serves a high proportion of immigrant clientele (predominantly North or East African, Middle Eastern, and South Asian) in Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Data collection comprised single, semistructured interviews with a purposive sample of 20 obstetric health care providers (10 resident and 10 staff obstetricians)...
April 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377838/effect-of-anaesthesia-method-on-preoperative-anxiety-level-in-elective-caesarean-section-surgeries
#11
Mahmut Akildiz, Yakup Aksoy, Ayhan Kaydu, Cem Kıvılcım Kaçar, Ömer Fatih Şahin, Zeynep Baysal Yıldırım
OBJECTIVE: In this study, the effect of the anaesthesia method on preoperative anxiety in parturients scheduled to undergo elective caesarean surgery was investigated. METHODS: After Dicle University Ethics Committee approval, 100 American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) II parturients, aged between 18 and 45 years, were included in this study from 2011 to 2012 at the Dicle University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Anaesthesiology. The parturients were divided into two groups, with 50 patients in each group: general anaesthesia (GA) and spinal anaesthesia (SA)...
February 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376904/academic-research-productivity-of-post-graduate-students-at-makerere-university-college-of-health-sciences-uganda-from-1996-to-2010-a-retrospective-review
#12
E A Obuku, J N Lavis, A Kinengyere, D K Mafigiri, F Sengooba, C Karamagi, N K Sewankambo
BACKGROUND: Research is a core business of universities globally, and is crucial in the scientific process as a precursor for knowledge uptake and use. We aimed to assess the academic productivity of post-graduate students in a university located in a low-income country. METHODS: This is an observational retrospective documentary analysis using hand searching archives, Google Scholar and PubMed electronic databases. The setting is Makerere University College of Health Sciences, Uganda...
April 4, 2017: Health Research Policy and Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376548/effect-of-an-educational-presentation-about-extremely-preterm-infants-on-knowledge-and-attitudes-of-health-care-providers
#13
Stefani Doucette, Brigitte Lemyre, Thierry Daboval, Sandra Dunn, Salwa Akiki, Nick Barrowman, Gregory P Moore
Objective To determine healthcare providers' knowledge (HCP) about survival rates of extremely preterm infants (EPI) and attitudes toward resuscitation before and after an educational presentation and, to examine the relationship between knowledge and attitudes toward resuscitation. Study Design Participants completed a survey before and after attending a presentation detailing evidence-based estimates of survival rates and surrounding ethical issues. Respondents included neonatologists, obstetricians, pediatricians, maternal-fetal medicine specialists, trainees in pediatrics, obstetrics, neonatal-perinatal medicine and neonatal and obstetrical nurses...
April 4, 2017: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372834/-methods-of-data-selection-from-the-french-medical-information-system-program-for-trauma-patient-s-analysis-burns-and-traumatic-brain-injuries
#14
L-M Paget, A Dupont, G Pédrono, L Lasbeur, B Thélot
BACKGROUND: Data from the French medical information system program in medicine, surgery, obstetrics and dentistry can be adapted in some cases and under certain conditions, to account for hospitalizations for injuries. Two areas have been explored: burn and traumatic brain injury victims. METHODS: An algorithm selecting data from the Medical information system program was established and implemented for several years for the study of burn victims. The methods of selection of stays for traumatic brain injuries, which are the subject of a more recent exploration, are described...
March 31, 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367651/outcomes-in-an-obstetrical-population-with-hereditary-thrombophilia-and-high-tobacco-use
#15
Byron Calhoun, Elizabeth Hoover, Dara Seybold, Mike Broce, Ashley Hill, Burk Shaible, Luis A Bracero
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine birth outcomes in women treated or untreated for thrombophilia during pregnancies affected or not by tobacco exposure. METHODS: This was a retrospective cohort study of consecutive women from a single maternal fetal medicine clinic who delivered between January 2009 and December 2013. We compared birth outcomes by four groups of thrombophilia and smoking combinations and then by treated or untreated groups. RESULTS: Of the 8889 pregnant women in this study, 113 had thrombophilia and 97 received treatment...
April 20, 2017: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367018/blood-transfusion-practices-in-a-tertiary-care-center-in-northern-india
#16
Sonam Kumari
BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion plays vital roles in the medical and surgical practice. To achieve optimum use of blood, transfusion has to be appropriate and judicious consuming minimal resources and manpower. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the pattern of blood transfusion requests and utilization with the aim of determining transfusion practice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood request forms and cross-match worksheets at the blood bank were analyzed over a 6-month period...
April 2017: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360907/aspirin-the-mechanism-of-action-revisited-in-the-context-of-pregnancy-complications
#17
REVIEW
Angela P Cadavid
Aspirin is one of the most frequently used and cheapest drugs in medicine. It belongs to the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs with a wide range of pharmacological activities, including analgesic, antipyretic, and antiplatelet properties. Currently, it is accepted to prescribe a low dose of aspirin to pregnant women who are at high risk of preeclampsia (PE) because it reduces the onset of this complication. Another pregnancy alteration in which a low dose of aspirin is recommended is the obstetric antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346624/association-of-group-prenatal-care-in-us-family-medicine-residencies-with-maternity-care-practice-a-cera-secondary-data-analysis
#18
Wendy B Barr, Sebastian T Tong, Nicholas M LeFevre
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Group prenatal care has been shown to improve both maternal and neonatal outcomes. With increasing adaption of group prenatal care by family medicine residencies, this model may serve as a potential method to increase exposure to and interest in maternity care among trainees. This study aims to describe the penetration, regional and program variations, and potential impacts on future maternity care practice of group prenatal care in US family medicine residencies...
March 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344954/no-fault-compensation-in-perinatal-medicine-in-japan-from-results-for-8-years
#19
REVIEW
Mitsutoshi Iwashita
No fault compensation in perinatal medicine has been established to provide aid to patients in the event of disability due to a medical accident during delivery and to strive to resolve disputes quickly that contributes to reduce medical malpractice suit in the field of perinatal medicine. Furthermore, this system is aimed to establish a mechanism that achieves higher quality of obstetric care by analyzing the causes of accidents. This system is operated by Japan Council for Quality Health Care and 99.9% of childbirth facilities in Japan registered with this compensation system...
March 2017: Obstetrics & Gynecology Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343558/simulator-based-obstetric-ultrasound-training-a-prospective-randomized-single-blinded-study
#20
Hadar Rosen, Rory Windrim, Yee Man Lee, Lara Gotha, Vsevolod Perelman, Stefania Ronzoni
OBJECTIVE: To compare the use of simulator-based and patient-based obstetric ultrasound training. METHODS: This was a prospective, randomized, single-blinded trial. Eighteen consenting obstetric trainees with minimal previous ultrasound exposure were recruited. Enrolled patients were also fully consenting. Mid-trimester fetal brain anatomy in the standard planes (i.e., biparietal diameter and head circumference, cavum septum pellucidum, posterior fossa, and lateral ventricle) was chosen as a surrogate for all fetal anatomy ultrasound training...
March 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC, Journal D'obstétrique et Gynécologie du Canada: JOGC
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