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Peripherial iv

Victor Jeannot, Cony Gauche, Silvia Mazzaferro, Morgane Couvet, Laetitia Vanwonterghem, Maxime Henry, Chloé Didier, Julien Vollaire, Véronique Josserand, Jean-Luc Coll, Christophe Schatz, Sébastien Lecommandoux, Amandine Hurbin
Combinations of therapeutic agents could synergistically enhance the response of lung cancer cells. Co-delivery systems capable of transporting chemotherapeutics with different physicochemical properties and with the simultaneous release of drugs remain elusive. Here, we assess the ability of nanoparticles of 30-nm diameter obtained from the self-assembly of hyaluronan-based copolymer targeting CD44 receptors to encapsulate both gefitinib and vorinostat for effective combinational lung cancer treatment. Drug loading was performed by nanoprecipitation...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Tarek Alasil, James J Y Wong, Ron A Adelman, David Tom, Patrick A Coady
PURPOSE: To report a case of hemorrhagic occlusive retinal vasculitis after cataract surgery. METHODS: A 74-year-old woman presented with blurry vision and distorted vision, which started 2 days after an uncomplicated cataract surgery in the left eye. Intracameral vancomycin was injected during the case. The patient reported being treated with systemic vancomycin in the past. RESULTS: The visual acuity was 20/80 in the left eye. She had trace cells in the anterior chamber with no hypopyon and intraocular lens implant within the capsular bag in the left eye...
February 22, 2018: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
Martha Liliana Trujillo-Güiza, Rosa Señarís
Pregnancy is a physiological state with a great demand of energy and nutrients in mammals and is characterized by hyperphagia, increase in fat mass, hyperleptinemia and central resistance to leptin. In order to evaluate whether pregnancy is also a state of leptin resistance at the periphery, we studied the response to leptin in the liver and subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT). We demonstrated reduced levels of p-STAT3 and p-AKT after iv leptin in both tissues in mid-term pregnant rats (G13), and a restored response in late pregnancy (G18)...
January 29, 2018: Biology of Reproduction
Soo Hyun Shin, Sang Hyun Park, Seung Won Kim, Minsun Kim, Daehong Kim
Purpose To investigate whether high-intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU)-induced macrophage infiltration could be longitudinally monitored with fluorine 19 (19F) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in a quantitative manner. Materials and Methods BALB/c mice were subcutaneously inoculated with 4T1 cells and were separated into three groups: untreated mice (control, n = 9), HIFU-treated mice (HIFU, n = 9), and HIFU- and clodronate-treated mice (HIFU+Clod, n = 9). Immediately after HIFU treatment, all mice were intravenously given perfluorocarbon (PFC) emulsion...
January 24, 2018: Radiology
Priya Ganesan, Manisha N Chandwani, Patrick S Creisher, Larissa Bohn, Lauren A O'Donnell
Neonates are highly susceptible to viral infections in the periphery, potentially due to deviant cytokine responses. Here, we investigated the role of interferon-gamma (IFNγ), a key anti-viral in the neonatal brain. We found that (i) IFNγ, which is critical for viral control and survival in adults, delays mortality in neonates, (ii) IFNγ limits infiltration of macrophages, neutrophils, and T cells in the neonatal brain, (iii) neonates and adults differentially express pathogen recognition receptors and Type I interferons in response to the infection, (iv) both neonates and adults express IFNγ and other Th1-related factors, but expression of many cytokines/chemokines and IFNγ-responsive genes is age-dependent, and (v) administration of IFNγ extends survival and reduces CD4 T cell infiltration in the neonatal brain...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Neuroimmunology
Ashley V Makela, Paula J Foster
PURPOSE: The presence of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) correlates with breast cancer progression and metastatic spread. Metastasis-associated macrophages (MAMs) are also recruited to distant sites, where they support metastatic growth. In this study, we demonstrate that in vivo fluorine-19 (19 F)-based MRI cell tracking can evaluate the density and distribution of macrophages within murine breast cancer tumors and associated metastases. METHODS: Three murine breast cancer cell lines with different metastatic potentials (4T1, 168FARN, and 67NR) were implanted into the mammary fat pad in mice...
January 12, 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Jessica L Ross, Luis F Queme, Jordan E Lamb, Kathryn J Green, Michael P Jankowski
BACKGROUND: Chronic pain conditions are more prevalent in women, but most preclinical studies into mechanisms of pain generation are performed using male animals. Furthermore, whereas group III and IV nociceptive muscle afferents provoke central sensitization more effectively than their cutaneous counterparts, less is known about this critical population of muscle nociceptors. Here, we compare the physiology of individual muscle afferents in uninjured males and females. We then characterize the molecular, physiological, and behavioral effects of transient ischemia and reperfusion injury (I/R), a model we have extensively studied in males and in females...
January 3, 2018: Biology of Sex Differences
Rohit Shetty, Nimisha Rajiv Kumar, Natasha Pahuja, Rashmi Deshmukh, KrishnaPoojita Vunnava, Valsala Gopalakrishnan Abilash, Abhijit Sinha Roy, Arkasubhra Ghosh
PURPOSE: To evaluate the correlation of visual and keratometry outcomes after corneal cross-linking (CXL) in patients with keratoconus with cone epithelium-specific gene expression levels. METHODS: Corneal epithelium was obtained from 35 eyes that underwent accelerated CXL (KXLII, 9 mW/cm for 10 min). Using corneal topography, epithelium over the cone and periphery was obtained separately from each subject. The ratio of gene expression for lysyl oxidase (LOX), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP9), bone morphogenic protein 7, tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 1, collagen, type I, alpha 1, and collagen, type IV, alpha 1 (COL IVA1) from the cone and peripheral cornea was correlated with the outcome of cross-linking surgery...
March 2018: Cornea
Yuguo Li, Yuan Qiao, Hanwei Chen, Renyuan Bai, Verena Staedtke, Zheng Han, Jiadi Xu, Kannie W Y Chan, Nirbhay Yadav, Jeff W M Bulte, Shibin Zhou, Peter C M van Zijl, Guanshu Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the use of natural dextrans as nano-sized chemical exchange saturation transfer (CEST) MRI probes for characterizing size-dependent tumor vascular permeability. METHODS: Dextrans of different molecular weight (10, 70, 150, and 2000 kD) were characterized for their CEST contrast. Mice (N = 5) bearing CT26 subcutaneous colon tumors were injected intravenously with 10 kD (D10, 6 nm) and 70 kD (D70, 12 nm) dextran at a dose of 375 mg/kg...
February 2018: Magnetic Resonance in Medicine: Official Journal of the Society of Magnetic Resonance in Medicine
Anzhela Galstyan, Johannes Putze, Ulrich Dobrindt
Development of antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) is highly dependent on the development of suitable photosensitizers (PS): ideally affinity of PS towards bacterial cells should be much higher than towards mammalian cells. Cationic charge of PS may lead to selective binding of PS to bacteria mediated by electrostatic interaction; however, the photodynamic outcome is highly dependent on the lipophilicity of PS. Herein we report the aPDT effect of silicon(IV)phthalocyanine derivatives bearing four positive charges and methyl, phenyl or naphthyl substituents on the periphery of the macrocycle...
November 8, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Benjamin Friedrich, Donald Lobsien, Silke Wunderlich, Christian Maegerlein, David Pree, Karl-Titus Hoffmann, Claus Zimmer, Johannes Kaesmacher
BACKGROUND: Endovascular thrombectomy has become the de facto standard in the treatment of large vessel occlusion. Previously, a correlation between good outcome and the occlusion site, measured by the 'distance to thrombus' (DT)-as the distance from the carotid T to the beginning of the thrombus-after thrombolysis could be shown. In the present study, we analyze the differences between the chances of a good outcome in respect of DT between patients treated endovascularly or intravenously...
October 26, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
Stanislav Kalinin, Stanislav Kopylov, Tiziano Tuccinardi, Alexander Sapegin, Dmitry Dar'in, Andrea Angeli, Claudiu T Supuran, Mikhail Krasavin
A substantial improvement of potency and selectivity of imidazoline-based inhibitors of hCA VII (a promising target for the treatment of seizures and neuropathic pain) was achieved by simply switching the position of the benzenesulfonamide moiety from N(1) (as in the earlier reported series) to C(2). Selectivity indices vs the off-target isoforms (hCA I, I, I and IV) greater than 100 were reached, which is exceedingly rare for hCA VII inhibitors. The drastic profile improvement of the new series has been rationalized by an additional hydrogen bonding with the nonconserved Q69 residue in the active site of hCA VII (absent in the other three isoforms studied), which also results in a favorable accommodation of the inhibitor's lipophilic periphery in the nearby hydrophobic pocket...
October 12, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
Tania Vitalis, Luce Dauphinot, Pierre Gressens, Marie-Claude Potier, Jean Mariani, Patricia Gaspar
The retinoic acid-related orphan receptor alpha (RORα) is well-known for its role in cerebellar development and maturation as revealed in staggerer mice. However, its potential involvement in the development of other brain regions has hardly been assessed. Here, we describe a new role of RORα in the development of primary somatosensory maps. Staggerer mice showed a complete disruption of barrels in the somatosensory cortex and of barreloids in the thalamus. This phenotype results from a severe reduction of thalamocortical axon (TCA) branching and a defective maturation of layer IV cortical neurons during postnatal development...
October 13, 2017: Cerebral Cortex
Zhisheng Her, Kylie Su Mei Yong, Kathirvel Paramasivam, Wilson Wei Sheng Tan, Xue Ying Chan, Sue Yee Tan, Min Liu, Yong Fan, Yeh Ching Linn, Kam Man Hui, Uttam Surana, Qingfeng Chen
BACKGROUND: Xenotransplantation of patient-derived AML (acute myeloid leukemia) cells in NOD-scid Il2rγ (null) (NSG) mice is the method of choice for evaluating this human hematologic malignancy. However, existing models constructed using intravenous injection in adult or newborn NSG mice have inferior engraftment efficiency, poor peripheral blood engraftment, or are difficult to construct. METHODS: Here, we describe an improved AML xenograft model where primary human AML cells were injected into NSG newborn pups intrahepatically...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
Mira Sastri, Manjula Darshi, Mason Mackey, Ranjan Ramachandra, Saeyeon Ju, Sebastien Phan, Stephen Adams, Kathryn Stein, Christopher R Douglas, Jiwan John Kim, Mark H Ellisman, Susan S Taylor, Guy A Perkins
Each mitochondrial compartment contains varying protein compositions that underlie a diversity of localized functions. Insights into the localization of mitochondrial intermembrane space-bridging (MIB) components will have an impact on our understanding of mitochondrial architecture, dynamics and function. By using the novel visualizable genetic tags miniSOG and APEX2 in cultured mouse cardiac and human astrocyte cell lines and performing electron tomography, we have mapped at nanoscale resolution three key MIB components, Mic19, Mic60 and Sam50 (also known as CHCHD3, IMMT and SAMM50, respectively), in the environment of structural landmarks such as cristae and crista junctions (CJs)...
October 1, 2017: Journal of Cell Science
Sakari Orava, Juha-Jaakko Sinikumpu, Janne Sarimo, Lasse Lempainen, Gideon Mann, Iftach Hetsroni
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to report characteristics and outcomes of surgical excision of symptomatic mature posttraumatic myositis ossificans in adult athletes. The hypothesis was that surgical excision of the ossified mass in these circumstances can effectively relief symptoms and result in return to high-level sports with minimal postoperative complications. METHODS: All operations involving excision of posttraumatic heterotopic ossifications performed between 1987 and 2015 were reviewed...
December 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
Mia D Sørensen, Rikke H Dahlrot, Henning B Boldt, Steinbjørn Hansen, Bjarne W Kristensen
AIMS: Glioblastomas are highly aggressive and treatment-resistant. Increasing evidence suggests that tumor-associated macrophages/microglia (TAMs) facilitate tumor progression by acquiring a M2-like phenotype. Our objective was to investigate the prognostic value of TAMs in gliomas using automated quantitative double immunofluorescence. METHODS: Samples from 240 patients with primary glioma were stained with antibodies against ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule-1 (IBA-1) and CD204 to detect TAMs and M2-like TAMs...
August 2, 2017: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Kathrin Badstuebner, Ulrike Gimsa, Immo Weber, Armin Tuchscherer, Jan Gimsa
Although the clinical use of deep brain stimulation (DBS) is increasing, its basic mechanisms of action are still poorly understood. Platinum/iridium electrodes were inserted into the subthalamic nucleus of rats with unilateral 6-OHDA-induced lesions of the medial forebrain bundle. Six behavioral parameters were compared with respect to their potential to detect DBS effects. Locomotor function was quantified by (i) apomorphine-induced rotation, (ii) initiation time, (iii) the number of adjusting steps in the stepping test, and (iv) the total migration distance in the open field test...
2017: Parkinson's Disease
Otto Chan, Sarah Morton, Mel Pritchard, Tina Parkes, Peter Malliaras, Tom Crisp, Nat Padhiar, Nicola Maffulli, John King, Dylan Morrissey
BACKGROUND: Achillodynia is common and includes Achilles tendinopathy, partial Achilles tears and Achilles tendon ruptures. However, we believe an additional pathology should be considered for Achillodynia differentials - the intratendinous tear (ITT). METHODS: Examinations of 740 achillodynic patients in one specialist centre were reviewed. ITTs were defined as a clearly visualised echopoor area situated centrally and extending to, but not through the tendon periphery, with pain on palpation and no clinical findings consistent with Achilles rupture...
January 2017: Muscles, Ligaments and Tendons Journal
Ma de Jesús Gómez Villalobos, Susana Vidrio, Ruth Giles López, Gabriel Flores Gómez, Victoria Chagoya de Sánchez
The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of the Golgi-Cox method to characterize the distribution and morphological changes of the hepatic stellate cells (HSCs) in CCl4 liver damaged rats. Six-week-old male Wistar rats were injected with CCl4 for ten weeks. The livers were processed with the Golgi-Cox method, reticuline, and Massońs Trichrome stains, and analyzed under light microscopy. Histological evaluation of livers was made through the METAVIR score. In normal livers, the HSCs show stellate form with abundant thin cytoplasmic processes, distributed into hepatic lobule, mainly in zone 1...
December 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
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