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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820507/hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-recipient-and-caregiver-factors-affecting-length-of-stay-and-readmission
#1
Thiruppavai Sundaramurthi, Leslie Wehrlen, Erika Friedman, Sue Thomas, Margaret Bevans
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the contributions of patient and caregiver factors to length of stay (LOS) and 30-day readmission status for recipients of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT).
. DESIGN: Secondary data analysis from a phase 2 clinical trial.
. SETTING: National Institutes of Health Clinical Center in Bethesda, Maryland.
. SAMPLE: 68 dyads (N = 136) comprised of patients receiving HSCT and their caregivers...
September 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780533/nursing-home-facebook-reviews-who-has-them-and-how-do-they-relate-to-other-measures-of-quality-and-experience
#2
Jennifer Gaudet Hefele, Yue Li, Lauren Campbell, Adrita Barooah, Joyce Wang
BACKGROUND: The growing use of social media creates opportunities for patients and families to provide feedback and rate individual healthcare providers. Whereas previous studies have examined this emerging trend in hospital and physician settings, little is known about user ratings of nursing homes (NHs) and how these ratings relate to other measures of quality. OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between Facebook user-generated NH ratings and other measures of NH satisfaction/experience and quality...
August 5, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770189/racial-disparities-in-emergency-department-utilization-for-dental-oral-health-related-conditions-in-maryland
#3
Natalia I Chalmers
OBJECTIVES: Hospital emergency departments (EDs) are a place where many Americans seek treatment of dental conditions. Racial and ethnic minorities consistently have higher rates of ED utilization than whites for dental conditions. The reasons for these disparities and significant public health concerns are investigated less often. In this paper, we measure trends in racial disparities in ED discharges for dental conditions in Maryland from 2010 to 2013. To understand these disparities, we also describe differences between racial groups in age, gender, income, location, payer, comorbidities, and the availability of dental care...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736796/longitudinal-research-on-aging-drivers-longroad-study-design-and-methods
#4
Guohua Li, David W Eby, Robert Santos, Thelma J Mielenz, Lisa J Molnar, David Strogatz, Marian E Betz, Carolyn DiGuiseppi, Lindsay H Ryan, Vanya Jones, Samantha I Pitts, Linda L Hill, Charles J DiMaggio, David LeBlanc, Howard F Andrews
BACKGROUND: As an important indicator of mobility, driving confers a host of social and health benefits to older adults. Despite the importance of safe mobility as the population ages, longitudinal data are lacking about the natural history and determinants of driving safety in older adults. METHODS: The Longitudinal Research on Aging Drivers (LongROAD) project is a multisite prospective cohort study designed to generate empirical data for understanding the role of medical, behavioral, environmental and technological factors in driving safety during the process of aging...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735371/identifying-symptoms-of-distress-in-youth-living-with-neurofibromatosis-type-1-nf1
#5
Lori Wiener, Haven Battles, Sima Zadeh Bedoya, Andrea Baldwin, Brigitte C Widemann, Maryland Pao
Children and adolescents with Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) are at increased risk for wide-ranging behavioral, developmental, and cognitive impairments and decreased quality of life. To date, no psychosocial screening tool has been developed to quickly assess the symptoms that 1) can be addressed during routine medical appointments in children with NF1, 2) can produce interpretable and actionable results, 3) can be integrated into medical care, and 4) can quickly identify patients at risk in order to better address that the provision of appropriate care are available...
July 23, 2017: Journal of Genetic Counseling
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625170/indirect-versus-direct-standardization-methods-for-reporting-healthcare-associated-infections-an-analysis-of-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-in-maryland
#6
Lyndsay M O'Hara, Max Masnick, Surbhi Leekha, Sarah S Jackson, Natalia Blanco, Anthony D Harris
Whether healthcare-associated infection data should be presented using indirect (current CMS/CDC methodology) or direct standardization remains controversial. We applied both methods to central-line-associated bloodstream infection data from 45 acute-care hospitals in Maryland from 2012 to 2014. We found that the 2 methods generate different hospital rankings with payment implications. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 2017;1-4.
June 19, 2017: Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599062/pediatric-cochlear-implantation-variation-in-income-race-payer-and-charges-across-five-states
#7
Zhen Huang, Heather Gordish-Dressman, Diego Preciado, Brian K Reilly
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Our objectives were to investigate pediatric cochlear implantation (PCI) across representative states within the United States and analyze any geographical differences in age, median household income, race, insurance, and total medical charges. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Data from children (aged 0.5-18 years) who received cochlear implantation surgery were collected from the 2011 State Ambulatory Surgery and Services Databases from California (CA), Florida (FL), Maryland (MD), New York (NY), and Kentucky (KY) as a part of the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project...
June 9, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535103/value-frameworks-for-the-patient-provider-interaction-a-comparison-of-the-asco-value-framework-versus-nccn-evidence-blocks-in-determining-value-in-oncology
#8
Bijal Shah-Manek, Joseph S Galanto, Huong Nguyen, Robert Ignoffo
BACKGROUND: To address the rising concern about oncology drug costs, the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) and the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) recently developed unique tools to help providers and patients make informed decisions about the value of an anticancer regimen. The ASCO Value Framework (AVF) allows users to generate a net health benefit (NHB) score along with drug acquisition costs for oncology regimens that have been compared in a prospective randomized clinical trial...
June 2017: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448318/two-state-collaborative-study-of-a-multifaceted-intervention-to-decrease-ventilator-associated-events
#9
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nishi Rawat, Ting Yang, Kisha J Ali, Mary Catanzaro, Mariah D Cohen, Donna O Farley, Lisa H Lubomski, David A Thompson, Bradford D Winters, Sara E Cosgrove, Michael Klompas, Kathleen A Speck, Sean M Berenholtz
OBJECTIVES: Ventilator-associated events are associated with increased mortality, prolonged mechanical ventilation, and longer ICU stay. Given strong national interest in improving ventilated patient care, the National Institute of Health and Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality funded a two-state collaborative to reduce ventilator-associated events. We describe the collaborative's impact on ventilator-associated event rates in 56 ICUs. DESIGN: Longitudinal quasi-experimental study...
July 2017: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445566/variation-in-outcomes-at-bariatric-surgery-centers-of-excellence
#10
Andrew M Ibrahim, Amir A Ghaferi, Jyothi R Thumma, Justin B Dimick
Importance: In the United States, reports about perioperative complications associated with bariatric surgery led to the establishment of accreditation criteria for bariatric centers of excellence and many bariatric centers obtaining accreditation. Currently, most bariatric procedures occur at these centers, but to what extent they uniformly provide high-quality care remains unknown. Objective: To describe the variation in surgical outcomes across bariatric centers of excellence and the geographic availability of high-quality centers...
July 1, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435485/impact-of-health-policy-changes-on-emergency-medicine-in-maryland-stratified-by-socioeconomic-status
#11
Laura Pimentel, David Anderson, Bruce Golden, Edward Wasil, Fermin Barrueto, Jon M Hirshon
INTRODUCTION: On January 1, 2014, the financing and delivery of healthcare in the state of Maryland (MD) profoundly changed. The insurance provisions of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) began implementation and a major revision of MD's Medicare waiver ushered in a Global Budget Revenue (GBR) structure for hospital reimbursement. Our objective was to analyze the impact of these policy changes on emergency department (ED) utilization, hospitalization practices, insurance profiles, and professional revenue...
April 2017: Western Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216442/a-seven-day-course-of-tmp-smx-may-be-as-effective-as-a-seven-day-course-of-ciprofloxacin-for-the-treatment-of-pyelonephritis
#12
MULTICENTER STUDY
Miriam T Fox, Michael T Melia, Rebecca G Same, Anna T Conley, Pranita D Tamma
BACKGROUND: The Infectious Diseases Society of America guidelines recommend either 14 days of trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole (TMP-SMX) or 7 days of ciprofloxacin for the treatment of pyelonephritis. Antibiotic courses of 7 days of TMP-SMX vs 7 days of ciprofloxacin for pyelonephritis have not been previously compared. We evaluated the odds of a subsequent, symptomatic urinary tract infection (UTI) for women with Escherichia coli pyelonephritis receiving a 7-day course of TMP-SMX vs a 7-day course of ciprofloxacin...
July 2017: American Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28195959/treatment-charges-for-traumatic-brain-injury-among-older-adults-at-a-trauma-center
#13
Jennifer S Albrecht, Julia F Slejko, Deborah M Stein, Gordon S Smith
OBJECTIVE: To provide charge estimates of treatment for traumatic brain injury (TBI), including both hospital and physician charges, among adults 65 years and older treated at a trauma center. METHODS: We identified older adults treated for TBI during 2008-2012 (n = 1843) at Maryland's Primary Adult Resource Center and obtained hospital and physician charges separately. Analyses were stratified by sex and all charges were inflated to 2012 dollars. Total TBI charges were modeled as a function of covariates using a generalized linear model...
February 10, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064401/the-national-cancer-institute-r25-cancer-education-grants-program-a-workshop-report
#14
REVIEW
Jeannette F Korczak, Davyd W Chung, Erica Rosemond, Daniel D Von Hoff, Richard L Haspel, John W Waterbor, Shine Chang, Amelie G Ramirez, Susan Perkins, Jonathan Wiest, Ming Lei
Through the R25 Cancer Education Grants Program (CEGP), the National Cancer Institute (NCI) has been supporting the broad educational needs of the cancer research and cancer healthcare communities since 1974. NCI sponsored a workshop on September 13, 2016 in Bethesda, Maryland, with the objectives of sharing best practices in cancer education, communicating R25 CEGP programmatic information, and gathering ideas to strengthen the R25 CEGP to better meet the emerging needs in cancer education in the face of a rapidly changing landscape in cancer research and cancer care...
March 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28034651/patient-surgeon-and-hospital-disparities-associated-with%C3%A2-benign-hysterectomy-approach-and-perioperative-complications
#15
Ambar Mehta, Tim Xu, Susan Hutfless, Martin A Makary, Abdulrahman K Sinno, Edward J Tanner, Rebecca L Stone, Karen Wang, Amanda N Fader
BACKGROUND: Hysterectomy is among the most common major surgical procedures performed in women. Approximately 450,000 hysterectomy procedures are performed each year in the United States for benign indications. However, little is known regarding contemporary US hysterectomy trends for women with benign disease with respect to operative technique and perioperative complications, and the association between these 2 factors with patient, surgeon, and hospital characteristics. OBJECTIVE: We sought to describe contemporary hysterectomy trends and explore associations between patient, surgeon, and hospital characteristics with surgical approach and perioperative complications...
May 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664879/readmission-after-major-surgery-effect-of-the-postdischarge-environment
#16
Marcelo Cerullo, Faiz Gani, Sophia Y Chen, Joseph K Canner, Timothy M Pawlik
BACKGROUND: Although uncoordinated postdischarge care has been associated with poor clinical outcomes, the effect of discharge to a low healthcare resource area (LHRA) on readmission remains undetermined. We sought to assess how the quality of discharge area health resources impact readmission following major surgery. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed by linking Maryland state data for 2012-2015 to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Area Health-Resource File...
October 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27658673/engaging-patient-advocates-and-other-stakeholders-to-design-measures-of-patient-centered-communication-in-cancer-care
#17
Katherine Treiman, Lauren McCormack, Murrey Olmsted, Nancy Roach, Bryce B Reeve, Christa E Martens, Rebecca R Moultrie, Hanna Sanoff
BACKGROUND: Patient-centered communication (PCC) is an essential component of patient-centered care and contributes to patient satisfaction, health-related quality of life, and other important patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to develop and test survey questions to assess patients' experiences with PCC in cancer care. METHODS: We used a conceptual model developed by the National Cancer Institute as our framework. The survey questions align with the six core functions of PCC defined in the model: Exchanging Information, Managing Uncertainty, Enabling Patient Self-Management, Fostering Healing Relationships, Making Decisions, and Responding to Emotions...
September 23, 2016: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27512721/factors-associated-with-emergency-department-visits-a-multistate-analysis-of-adult-fee-for-service-medicaid-beneficiaries
#18
Parul Agarwal, Thomas K Bias, Suresh Madhavan, Nethra Sambamoorthi, Stephanie Frisbee, Usha Sambamoorthi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the association of patient- and county-level factors with the emergency department (ED) visits among adult fee-for-service (FFS) Medicaid beneficiaries residing in Maryland, Ohio, and West Virginia. METHODS: A cross-sectional design using retrospective observational data was implemented. Patient-level data were obtained from 2010 Medicaid Analytic eXtract files. Information on county-level health-care resources was obtained from the Area Health Resource file and County Health Rankings file...
April 27, 2016: Health Services Research and Managerial Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27434822/multistate-us-outbreak-of-rapidly-growing-mycobacterial-infections-associated-with-medical-tourism-to-the-dominican-republic-2013-2014-1
#19
David Schnabel, Douglas H Esposito, Joanna Gaines, Alison Ridpath, M Anita Barry, Katherine A Feldman, Jocelyn Mullins, Rachel Burns, Nina Ahmad, Edith N Nyangoma, Duc B Nguyen, Joseph F Perz, Heather A Moulton-Meissner, Bette J Jensen, Ying Lin, Leah Posivak-Khouly, Nisha Jani, Oliver W Morgan, Gary W Brunette, P Scott Pritchard, Adena H Greenbaum, Susan M Rhee, David Blythe, Mark Sotir
During 2013, the Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene in Baltimore, MD, USA, received report of 2 Maryland residents whose surgical sites were infected with rapidly growing mycobacteria after cosmetic procedures at a clinic (clinic A) in the Dominican Republic. A multistate investigation was initiated; a probable case was defined as a surgical site infection unresponsive to therapy in a patient who had undergone cosmetic surgery in the Dominican Republic. We identified 21 case-patients in 6 states who had surgery in 1 of 5 Dominican Republic clinics; 13 (62%) had surgery at clinic A...
August 2016: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27428012/provider-level-and-other-health-systems-factors-influencing-engagement-in-hiv-care-a-qualitative-study-of-a-vulnerable-population
#20
Yukyan Lam, Ryan Westergaard, Gregory Kirk, Azal Ahmadi, Andrew Genz, Jeanne Keruly, Heidi Hutton, Pamela J Surkan
Despite the existence of highly active antiretroviral therapy, HIV/AIDS morbidity and mortality continue to be public health burdens in the United States due to difficulties in engaging people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in continuous, effective care. In comparison to studies investigating patient-level characteristics associated with starting and remaining in care, there is relatively little research on how structural factors, such as those pertaining to healthcare providers and the infrastructure for delivery of health services, influence patients' engagement in HIV care...
2016: PloS One
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