keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

2+ nuclear cataracts

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210183/intraocular-lens-power-overestimation-in-a-patient-with-history-of-circling-keratorraphy
#1
Vasilios F Diakonis, Nilufer Yesilirmak, George D Kymionis, Sonia H Yoo
We report a case of cataract extraction and intraocular lens (IOL) power overestimation in a patient with history of hyperopia managed with circling keratorraphy. A 65-year-old female presented to our institute complaining of decreased vision in both eyes. The patient had a history of bilateral hyperopia that was managed 20 years ago (1994) with circling keratorraphy. At presentation her uncorrected distance visual acuity (UDVA) was 20/70 and 20/60 in her right eye (OD) and left eye (OS), respectively, while her corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) was 20/25 OD and 20/25 OS with manifest refraction of -0...
July 2016: Saudi Journal of Ophthalmology: Official Journal of the Saudi Ophthalmological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192585/correlations-of-objective-metrics-for-quantifying-dysfunctional-lens-syndrome-with-visual-acuity-and-phacodynamics
#2
Fernando Faria-Correia, Isaac Ramos, Bernardo Lopes, Tiago Monteiro, Nuno Franqueira, Renato Ambrósio
PURPOSE: To study the relationship between objective metrics for quantifying crystalline lens dysfunction with visual impairment and phacodynamics parameters in age-related nuclear cataracts. METHODS: A total of 51 eyes (34 patients) with age-related nuclear cataract had phacoemulsification. The Dysfunctional Lens Index (0 to 10 points) was measured by a ray-tracing aberrometry (iTrace Visual Function Analyzer; Tracey Technologies, Houston, TX). The average lens density (0 to 100) was evaluated using a rotating Scheimpflug system (Pentacam HR; Oculus Optikgeräte GmbH, Wetzlar, Germany), and the nuclear opalescence score was subjectively assessed using the Lens Opacities Classification System III (LOCS III)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Refractive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184151/wound-and-surface-temperatures-in-vivo-in-torsional-and-longitudinal-modalities-of-ultrasound-in-coaxial-microincisional-cataract-surgery
#3
Swapna Nair, Ramachandran Unnikrishnan Nair
BACKGROUND: To study phacoemulsification probe shaft/wound and corneal surface/tip temperatures in vivo during longitudinal, torsional and combined phacoemulsification modes and their relationship to machine parameters. DESIGN: This was a prospective study at Chaithanya Eye Hospital and Research Institute, Trivandrum, India (tertiary). PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-two eyes of 22 patients were randomized into six groups depending on the grade of nuclear sclerosis (NS) and the type of ultrasound used: Group 1, torsional in NS2; Group 2, torsional in NS3; Group 3, torsional with intermittent longitudinal in NS2; Group 4, torsional with intermittent longitudinal in NS3; Group 5, longitudinal in NS2; Group 6, longitudinal in NS3...
2017: Clinical Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182590/lens-opacity-and-hydrogen-sulfide-in-a-new-zealand-geothermal-area
#4
Michael N Bates, Ian L Bailey, Robert B DiMartino, Karl Pope, Julian Crane, Nick Garrett
PURPOSE: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a highly toxic gas with well-established, acute irritation effects on the eye. The population of Rotorua, New Zealand, sited on an active geothermal field, has some of the highest ambient H2S exposures in the world. Evidence from ecological studies in Rotorua has suggested that H2S is associated with cataract. The purpose of the present study was, using more detailed exposure characterization, clinical examinations, and anterior eye photography, to more directly investigate this previously reported association...
January 11, 2017: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146420/a-silent-mutation-in-human-alpha-a-crystallin-gene-in-patients-with-age-related-nuclear-or-cortical-cataract
#5
Bharani K Mynampati, Thungapathra Muthukumarappa, Sujata Ghosh, Jagat Ram
A cataract is a complex multifactorial disease that results from alterations in the cellular architecture, i.e. lens proteins. Genes associated with the development of lens include crystallin genes. Although crystallins are highly conserved proteins among vertebrates, a significant number of polymorphisms exist in human population. In this study, we screened for polymorphisms in crystallin alpha A (CRYAA) and alpha B (CRYAB) genes in 200 patients over 40 years of age, diagnosed with age-related cataract (ARC; nuclear and cortical cataracts)...
February 1, 2017: Bosnian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28139160/the-relation-between-sleep-disruption-and-cataract-in-a-large-population-based-study
#6
Yanjun Chen, David M Nondahl, Carla R Schubert, Barbara E K Klein, Ronald Klein, Karen J Cruickshanks
PURPOSE: To investigate the relation between sleep disruption and nuclear cataract, as well as the impact of cataract removal on sleep, in two discrete population-based cohorts. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study of 5070 participants from three large longitudinal epidemiologic studies of age-related eye disease, hearing, olfaction, and cognition. Slit-lamp photos of the lens were obtained to grade nuclear cataract using a standardized protocol. The quality of sleep was assessed using a modified Wisconsin Sleep Cohort Study questionnaire...
January 31, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128997/roasting-enhances-the-anti-cataract-effect-of-coffee-beans-ameliorating-selenite-induced-cataracts-in-rats
#7
Nana Ishimori, Jun Oguchi, Yosuke Nakazawa, Kenji Kobata, Megumi Funakoshi-Tago, Hiroomi Tamura
PURPOSE: Coffee is a widely consumed beverage. While recent studies have linked its intake to a reduced risk of cataracts, caffeine is believed to be the key factor for its effect. To know how roasting beans affects the effect of coffee on cataract formation, we investigated the impact roasting using a selenite-induced cataract rat model. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sprague Dawley rats were given a single injection of sodium selenite, which induced formation of nuclear cataracts by day 6, with or without coffee intake (100% coffee, 0...
January 27, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068402/preoperative-expectations-and-postoperative-outcomes-of-visual-functioning-among-cataract-patients-in-urban-southern-china
#8
Ziyan Chen, Xianchai Lin, Bo Qu, Wuyou Gao, Yajing Zuo, Wenyan Peng, Ling Jin, Minbin Yu, Ecosse Lamoureux
PURPOSE: To investigate the relationship between preoperative expectations and actual postoperative outcomes of visual function (VF) among patients undergoing first eye cataract surgery. METHODS: A longitudinal study of 182 patients from hospitals in urban Southern China were surveyed prior to surgery and 3 month after cataract surgery regarding their preoperative, expected postoperative and actual postoperative VF for each of the items on the Catquest-9SF and their satisfaction with cataract surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050328/cataract-surgery-after-retinal-detachment-surgery-with-arruga-s-sutures-case-report
#9
Erkan Ünsal, Kadir Eltutar, Osman Kızılay, Belma Karini
A 56-year old female patient presented to our clinic with a complaint of low vision in her right eye. Twenty-two years earlier she had undergone a scleral buckling operation in her right eye because of retinal detachment. She indicated that vision in her right eye was good after the surgery but had recently been gradually declining. Best-corrected vision acuity was counting fingers at 1 meter in the right eye and 8/10 in the left eye. Anterior segment examination revealed stage 3 nuclear cataract in the right eye...
December 2016: Turkish Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044393/cataracts-in-the-norwegian-buhund-current-prevalence-and-characteristics
#10
Elin Kristiansen, Tobias Revold, Frode Lingaas, Kristina Narfström, Pia Bjerre Pedersen, Camilla Kielland, Stein Dahl, Ernst-Otto Ropstad
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate prevalence and characteristics of cataracts in the Norwegian Buhund breed 20 years after high reported prevalence of especially pulverulent nuclear cataracts (PNCs). ANIMALS STUDIED: Two hundred and fifty Norwegian Buhund dogs in Norway, Sweden, and Denmark (117 males and 133 females) with previously unknown eye health status were included. Forty-five dogs had multiple examinations (two to six times over a 6-year period). Median age was 4...
January 3, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27968871/global-prevalence-and-epidemiological-characteristics-of-congenital-cataract-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#11
Xiaohang Wu, Erping Long, Haotian Lin, Yizhi Liu
BACKGROUND: Congenital cataract is the primary cause of treatable childhood blindness worldwide. The establishment of reliable, epidemiological estimates is an essential first step towards development of causal and management strategies. We therefore undertook an initial systematic review and meta-analysis to estimate the global prevalence and other epidemiological characteristics of congenital cataract. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, Embase, and Cochrane Library databases with a combination of search terms, including "congenital cataract", "prevalence", "epidemiology", "population", and "survey", up to January, 2015...
October 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930731/serum-autoantibody-profiling-of-patients-with-paraneoplastic-and-non-paraneoplastic-autoimmune-retinopathy
#12
Josianne C Ten Berge, Joost van Rosmalen, Jacolien Vermeer, Cecilia Hellström, Cecilia Lindskog, Peter Nilsson, Ulrika Qundos, Aniki Rothova, Marco W J Schreurs
PURPOSE: Although multiple serum antiretinal autoantibodies (ARAs) have been reported in patients with paraneoplastic and non-paraneoplastic autoimmune retinopathy ((n)pAIR), not all retinal antigens involved in (n)pAIR are specified. This study aims to serologically identify patients with presumed (n)pAIR through determination of both known and unknown ARAs by autoantibody profiling. METHODS: An antigen suspension bead array using 188 different antigens representing 97 ocular proteins was performed to detect ARAs in serum samples of patients with presumed (n)pAIR (n = 24), uveitis (n = 151) and cataract (n = 21)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814360/mutation-in-lim2-is-responsible-for-autosomal-recessive-congenital-cataracts
#13
Bushra Irum, Shahid Y Khan, Muhammad Ali, Haiba Kaul, Firoz Kabir, Bushra Rauf, Fareeha Fatima, Raheela Nadeem, Arif O Khan, Saif Al Obaisi, Muhammad Asif Naeem, Idrees A Nasir, Shaheen N Khan, Tayyab Husnain, Sheikh Riazuddin, Javed Akram, Allen O Eghrari, S Amer Riazuddin
PURPOSE: To identify the molecular basis of non-syndromic autosomal recessive congenital cataracts (arCC) in a consanguineous family. METHODS: All family members participating in the study received a comprehensive ophthalmic examination to determine their ocular phenotype and contributed a blood sample, from which genomic DNA was extracted. Available medical records and interviews with the family were used to compile the medical history of the family. The symptomatic history of the individuals exhibiting cataracts was confirmed by slit-lamp biomicroscopy...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803872/age-related-changes-in-the-kinetics-of-human-lenses-prevention-of-the-cataract
#14
REVIEW
Nicola Pescosolido, Andrea Barbato, Rossella Giannotti, Chiara Komaiha, Fiammetta Lenarduzzi
The crystalline lens is a transparent, biconvex structure in the eye that, along with the cornea, helps to refract light to be focused on the retina and, by changing shape, it adjusts focal distance (accommodation). The three classes of structural proteins found in the lens are α, β, and γ crystallins. These proteins make up more than 90% of the total dry mass of the eye lens. Other components which can be found are sugars, lipids, water, several antioxidants and low weight molecules. When ageing changes occur in the lens, it causes a gradual reduction in transparency, presbyopia and an increase in the scattering and aberration of light waves as well as a degradation of the optical quality of the eye...
2016: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731924/wound-temperature-profiles-of-coaxial-mini-incision-versus-sleeveless-micro-incision-phacoemulsification
#15
Avner Belkin, Adi Abulafia, Adi Michaeli, Shay Ofir, Ehud I Assia
BACKGROUND: Temperature profiles at the corneal wound of coaxial mini-incision (2.4 mm) cataract surgery and sleeveless micro-incision (1.1 mm) cataract surgery were compared. DESIGN: Prospective, controlled, paired-eye clinical trial conducted in a tertiary care hospital PARTICIPANTS: Twenty patients with mild to moderate bilateral nuclear sclerotic cataract. METHODS: Twenty patients underwent bilateral cataract surgery within a one-month period...
October 12, 2016: Clinical & Experimental Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27687899/central-corneal-thickness-changes-in-bevel-up-versus-bevel-down-phacoemulsification-cataract-surgery-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-triple-blind-parallel-group-trial
#16
Soujanya Kaup, Siddharudha Shivalli, Divyalakshmi Ks, Cynthia Arunachalam, Rejitha Chinnu Varghese
INTRODUCTION: Corneal endothelial damage following phacoemulsification is still one of the major concerns of modern day cataract surgery. Although many techniques have been proposed, the risks of posterior capsular rupture and corneal endothelium damage persist. In theory, damage to the corneal endothelium is minimised by delivering the lowest phaco energy only in the direction necessary to emulsify the lens nucleus. Hence, it is believed that the bevel of the needle should be turned towards the nucleus or the nuclear fragment (ie, bevel-down...
September 29, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686302/age-related-cataract-and-its-types-in-patients-with-and-without-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-hospital-based-comparative-study
#17
Abdul Fattah Memon, Pir Salim Mahar, Muhammad Saleh Memon, Seema N Mumtaz, Sikander Ali Shaikh, Muhammad Faisal Fahim
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency and types of age-related cataract in type 2 diabetic patients compared to non-diabetics. METHODS: This comparative, cross-sectional study was carried out at Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, from July 2014 to June 2015, and comprised both diabetics and non-diabetics. All patients were selected from the out-patient department and had their full ocular examination done, including retinal screening of diabetic patients with non-mydriatic fundus camera...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670621/management-of-severely-subluxated-cataracts-using-femtosecond-laser-assisted-cataract-surgery
#18
Soon-Phaik Chee, Melissa H Y Wong, Aliza Jap
PURPOSE: To assess the role of femtosecond laser technology in the management of severely subluxated cataracts. DESIGN: Retrospective, interventional case series. METHODS: All eyes with subluxated cataract seen between July 2012 and June 2015 were assessed for suitability for femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery, with the use of capsular tension devices. Participants with subluxated cataracts of at least 6 clock hours of zonular weakness were included in the study...
January 2017: American Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27651952/quantitative-analysis-of-lens-nuclear-density-using-optical-coherence-tomography-oct-with-a-liquid-optics-interface-correlation-between-oct-images-and-locs-iii-grading
#19
You Na Kim, Jin Hyoung Park, Hungwon Tchah
Purpose. To quantify whole lens and nuclear lens densities using anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (OCT) with a liquid optics interface and evaluate their correlation with Lens Opacities Classification System III (LOCS III) lens grading and corrected distance visual acuity (BCVA). Methods. OCT images of the whole lens and lens nucleus of eyes with age-related nuclear cataract were analyzed using ImageJ software. The lens grade and nuclear density were represented in pixel intensity units (PIU) and correlations between PIU, BCVA, and LOCS III were assessed...
2016: Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622189/lens-density-measurements-by-two-independent-psychophysical-techniques
#20
Anirbaan Mukherjee, Richard A Bone
BACKGROUND: Cataract, a leading cause of vision impairment, is due to the lens becoming excessively optically dense. Change in the lens optical density (LOD) could be a useful indicator of incipient nuclear cataract and would necessitate the development of accurate measurement techniques. Mapcat sf™ is a heterochromatic flicker photometer for measuring macular pigment optical density (MPOD) under photopic conditions. In the process, it also measures LOD that is needed in the calculation of MPOD...
2016: Eye and Vision (London, England)
keyword
keyword
83066
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"