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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635403/psychomotor-skills-assessment-by-motion-analysis-in-minimally-invasive-surgery-on-an-animal-organ
#1
Erlend Fagertun Hofstad, Cecilie Våpenstad, Lars Eirik Bø, Thomas Langø, Esther Kuhry, Ronald Mårvik
BACKGROUND: A high level of psychomotor skills is required to perform minimally invasive surgery (MIS) safely. To be able to measure these skills is important in the assessment of surgeons, as it enables constructive feedback during training. The aim of this study was to test the validity of an objective and automatic assessment method using motion analysis during a laparoscopic procedure on an animal organ. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Experienced surgeons in laparoscopy (experts) and medical students (novices) performed a cholecystectomy on a porcine liver box model...
February 8, 2017: Minimally Invasive Therapy & Allied Technologies: MITAT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630754/nerve-injuries-of-the-upper-extremity-and-hand
#2
Lars B Dahlin, Mikael Wiberg
A nerve injury has a profound impact on the patient's daily life due to the impaired sensory and motor function, impaired dexterity, sensitivity to cold as well as eventual pain problems.To perform an appropriate treatment of nerve injuries, a correct diagnosis must be made, where the injury is properly classified, leading to an optimal surgical approach and technique, where timing of surgery is also important for the outcome.Knowledge about the nerve regeneration process, where delicate processes occur in neurons, non-neuronal cells (i...
May 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630726/the-hapi-hip-arthroscopy-pre-habilitation-intervention-study-does-pre-habilitation-affect-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-hip-arthroscopy-for-femoro-acetabular-impingement
#3
Louise F Grant, Derek J Cooper, Jon L Conroy
The purpose of this randomized prospective comparative controlled pilot study was to determine whether specific patient exercises done pre-hip arthroscopy surgery for femoro-acetabular impingement affected post-operative recovery. Between October 2013 and June 2014, 6 males and twelve females over the age of eighteen, who were listed for hip arthroscopy for femoro-acetabular impingement, were randomized into two groups. A hip-specific, 8-week home exercise programme was given to the experimental group before their surgery...
January 2017: Journal of Hip Preservation Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629420/comparison-of-the-effects-of-platelet-rich-or-growth-factor-rich-plasma-on-intestinal-anastomosis-healing-in-pigs
#4
Gessica Giusto, Cristina Vercelli, Selina Iussich, Massimiliano Tursi, Giovanni Perona, Marco Gandini
BACKGROUND: The use of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) and plasma rich in growth factors (PRGF) has been proposed for the treatment of several acute and chronic syndromes, such as corneal epithelial defects and dry eye syndrome, gum bleeding during oral surgery, and in orthopaedic surgery. We hypothesized that PRGF, rather than PRP, could be more effective because of its intrinsic characteristics in promoting the healing of intestinal anastomosis. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate and compare the effects of PRP and PRGF on various parameters of anastomotic healing in a swine model...
June 19, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627507/semivertical-incision-an-aesthetically-and-electrophysiologically-effective-mini-incision-technique-for-carpal-tunnel-decompression
#5
Nese Keser, Nimet Dortcan, Ulas Cikla, Kutluay Uluc, Erhan Celikoglu, Merih Is, Bora Gurer
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to present the clinical results of our retrospective series of carpal tunnel release (CTR) operations. For these operations we used a unique type of incision, for the first time, for treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) consisting of a 1-cm semi-vertical (SV) incision made into the wrist crease for macroscopic open CTR. MATERIAL AND METHODS This retrospective study included 114 patients (101 females and 13 males) with CTR who were operated upon in our neurosurgery clinic between December 2010 and June 2015...
June 19, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626257/multi-center-rater-blinded-study-of-early-intervention-with-the-hand-incubator-for-breast-cancer-related-lymphedema-the-beat-edema-trial-proposal-of-a-research-protocol
#6
Hisao Ishii, Katsuyuki Iwatsuki, Masahiro Tatebe, Hitoshi Hirata, Toyone Kikumori, Nobuyuki Tsunoda, Ikuo Hyodo, Tomoko Ogawa, Naoki Unno
Postoperative lymphedema is considered irreversible once it has developed, and significantly lowers the patient's quality of life. However, lymphatic function has recently been clarified, and it is possible that lymphedema can be cured if early treatment is started. This two-arm randomized clinical trial (UMIN000026124) will prospectively evaluate 24 patients with early-stage breast cancer-related lymphedema at the Nagoya University Hospital and Aichi Cancer Center Hospital. The eligibility criteria will be patients who are diagnosed with stage 0-1 breast cancer-related lymphedema, as defined by the International Society of Lymphology, within 12 weeks after breast cancer surgery...
February 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624375/non-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-and-atypical-neck-pain-a-case-report
#7
Natividad Rojas, Carlos Fernandes, Montse Conde, Nuria Montala, Xavier Fornos, Lluís Rosselló, Francésc Pallisó
Neck pain is a common reason for seeking medical attention. It affects at least 15% of the labor force and up to 40% of individuals whose occupation is hazardous. On the other hand, primary bone lymphoma is a very rare disease (less than 1% of all malignant bone tumors), and the relationship between the 2 has rarely been mentioned. We report the case of a patient who had a 1-month history of neck pain. The main symptom was pain on palpation of C2-C6 cervical spinous processes and contracture of the trapezius muscle that did not cease with conventional treatment...
June 14, 2017: Reumatología Clinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624293/soft-tissue-sarcomas-of-the-forearm-wrist-and-hand
#8
C Lazerges
Soft tissue sarcoma of the forearm, wrist and hand are rare. Their benign appearance leads often to primary inadequate treatment. Due to the complex anatomy of the hand and forearm, they are challenging to treat. The two goals are to obtain wide resection of the primary tumor while preserving function. Limb-sparing surgery is now the cornerstone for the treatment of most sarcomas of the forearm, hand and wrist. To achieve optimal oncological and functional outcomes, the surgical excision should be associated with early reconstructive procedures and a multidisciplinary meeting to define the treatment strategy including adjuvant medical treatments...
June 14, 2017: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624041/effects-of-replacing-saline-solution-during-surgery-for-colon-cancer-in-korea
#9
Eun Mi Ham, Sul Hee Lee
BACKGROUND: Surgical site infections are often linked to contamination of saline solution by the patient's organs, doctors' and nurses' hands, or surgical instruments. Scrub nurses also use the saline solution to soften sutures or moisturize gauze. Therefore, we performed a randomized study of Korean clean-contaminated surgeries for colon cancer to evaluate whether replacing saline solution affected the level of contamination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In the control group (n = 26), normal saline was not replaced during surgery...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624019/scapholunate-dissociation-diagnostics-made-easy
#10
K C A L Cheriex, G S I Sulkers, M P Terra, N W L Schep, B J P L van Aard, S D Strackee
Scapholunate dissociation (SLD) is a form of carpal instability, caused by rupture of the scapholunate ligament (SLL) the secondary stabiliser of the scapholunate (SL) compartment. SLD can cause osteoarthritis of the wrist. Recently a study was published that shows cineradiography to be an excellent radiological imaging technique for diagnosing SLD at a tertiary centre for hand and wrist surgery [1]. As the quality of these results can be influenced by the expertise of the operator and observer of the cineradiographic studies, the aim of this study was to determine if these results were reproducible at a secondary centre for hand and wrist surgery with less expertise in wrist cineradiography...
July 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623412/long-term-follow-up-after-endoscopic-trans-sphenoidal-surgery-or-initial-observation-in-clivus-chordomas
#11
Jon Ramm-Pettersen, Radek Frič, Jon Berg-Johnsen
BACKGROUND: Resection of clivus chordomas through extensive skull base approaches is associated with high mortality and morbidity even in experienced hands. We report our experience with endoscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery, or a "wait-and-scan" strategy in selected patients. METHOD: Ten patients were diagnosed with clivus chordomas during an 8-year period. Six patients underwent primary treatment with endoscopic trans-sphenoidal surgery, followed by adjuvant proton-beam therapy in three of these patients...
June 16, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623099/consensus-statement-on-definitions-and-nomenclature-for-robotic-thoracic-surgery
#12
Robert Cerfolio, Brian E Louie, Alexander S Farivar, Mark Onaitis, Bernard J Park
OBJECTIVES: Robotic thoracic operations are increasing, and new robotic systems are imminent. A definition of what constitutes a robotic thoracic operation and a nomenclature to detail the technique used is needed to accurately compare outcomes. METHODS: The American Association of Thoracic Surgeons Guideline Committee appointed an expert consensus writing committee to construct definitions and nomenclature for robotic thoracic surgery. A PubMed search was generated and after vetting and review of the literature a consensus statement was reached...
May 23, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622079/use-of-an-automated-mobile-phone-messaging-robot-in-postoperative-patient-monitoring
#13
Chris A Anthony, Ericka A Lawler, Christina M Ward, Ines C Lin, Apurva S Shah
BACKGROUND: Mobile phone messaging software robots allow clinicians and healthcare systems to communicate with patients without the need for human intervention. The purpose of this study was to (1) describe a method for communicating with patients postoperatively outside of the traditional healthcare setting by utilizing an automated software and mobile phone messaging platform and to (2) evaluate the first week of postoperative pain and opioid use after common ambulatory hand surgery procedures...
June 16, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621629/endoscopic-endonasal-odontoid-resection-with-real-time-intraoperative-image-guided-computed-tomography-report-of-4-cases
#14
Harminder Singh, Sarang Rote, Ajit Jada, Evan D Bander, Gustavo J Almodovar-Mercado, Walid I Essayed, Roger Härtl, Vijay K Anand, Theodore H Schwartz, Jeffrey P Greenfield
The authors present 4 cases in which they used intraoperative CT (iCT) scanning to provide real-time image guidance during endonasal odontoid resection. While intraoperative CT has previously been used as a confirmatory test after resection, to the authors' knowledge this is the first time it has been used to provide real-time image guidance during endonasal odontoid resection. The operating room setup, as well as the advantages and pitfalls of this approach, are discussed. A mobile intraoperative CT scanner was used in conjunction with real-time craniospinal neuronavigation in 4 patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal odontoidectomy for basilar invagination...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621188/-investigation-of-laparoscopic-bimanual-technic-education-with-laparoscopic-training-box
#15
Bence Hajnal, Lilla Kapossy, Gábor István, Tímea Kakucs, Péter Benkő, Péter Lukovich
INTRODUCTION: In some surgical wards residents start to do laparoscopic operations using both hands, while in other places they only use their dominant hand, and only start to use both hands later. There are no data at the moment about which method is more effective. METHODS: We divided 20 students with no laparoscopic experience into 2 groups: one group practised one hand at a time (1K), the other group used both hands (2K) during the 5 days. On the last day both groups had to do every exercise with one hand and two hands as well, then they had to do 3 new exercises, which needed both hands...
June 2017: Magyar Sebészet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619688/single-port-laparoscopy-in-gynecologic-oncology-seven-years-of-experience-at-a-single-institution
#16
Laura Moulton, Amelia M Jernigan, Caitlin Carr, Lindsey Freeman, Pedro F Escobar, Chad M Michener
BACKGROUND: Single port laparoscopy has gained popularity within minimally invasive gynecologic surgery for its feasibility, cosmetic outcomes and safety. However, within gynecologic oncology, there is limited data regarding short-term adverse outcomes and long term hernia risk in patients undergoing single port laparoscopic surgery. OBJECTIVE: To describe short-term outcomes and hernia rates in patients after single port laparoscopy in a gynecologic oncology practice...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618177/assessing-the-quality-of-primary-care-referrals-to-surgery-of-patients-with-diabetes-in-the-east-of-england-a-multi-centre-cross-sectional-cohort-study
#17
Dimitri J Pournaras, Evangelos S Photi, Nicholas Barnett, Christopher P Challand, Nikolaos A Chatzizacharias, Nokwanda P Dlamini, Triantafyllos Doulias, Aoibhinn Foley, James Hernon, Bhaskar Kumar, Jack Martin, Ian Nunney, Ioanna Panagiotopoulou, Neel Sengupta, Oshini Shivakumar, Piriyah Sinclair, Phil Stather, Miriam M Than, Antonia C Wells, Athanasios Xanthis, Ketan Dhatariya
AIM: Peri-operative hyperglycaemia is associated with an increased incidence of adverse outcomes. Communication between primary and secondary care is paramount to minimise these harms. National guidance in the UK recommends that the glycated haemoglobin (HbA1c) should be measured within 3 months prior to surgery and that the concentration should be less that 69 mmol/mol (8.5%). In addition, national guidance outlines the minimum dataset that should be included in any letter at the time of referral to the surgeons...
June 15, 2017: International Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617181/a-novel-surgical-approach-for-treating-distal-radial-extraarticular-malunion-oblique-osteotomy-with-buttress-plate-stabilization
#18
Chi-Chuan Wu
PURPOSE: Distal radial extraarticular malunions are not uncommon. However, requirements of surgical correction depend on multiple conditions. Traditionally, surgical techniques include closing or opening wedge osteotomies. Each has unique advantages and disadvantages. An oblique osteotomy was developed to simplify the revision surgery. METHODS: Forty-eight consecutive adult patients with 48 malunions were surgically treated. An oblique osteotomy of 45° vertical to the radial longitudinal axis was performed from medio-distally to latero-proximally...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616399/management-of-strictures-after-endoscopic-submucosal-dissection-for-superficial-esophageal-cancer
#19
REVIEW
Koichiro Kawaguchi, Hiroki Kurumi, Yohei Takeda, Kazuo Yashima, Hajime Isomoto
Endoscopic resection of early esophageal cancer has a high therapeutic effect while being minimally invasive. Especially, the establishment of the endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) procedure has made it possible to resect large lesions in an en-bloc manner. As a result, accurate pathology evaluation became possible, and the risk of local recurrence was extremely low. On the other hand, esophageal strictures after endoscopic treatment of an extensive circumferential lesion are a potential problem. Previously, for the prevention and treatment of esophageal strictures, patients had to undergo painful endoscopic balloon dilation (EBD) many times...
April 2017: Annals of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616113/prevention-diagnosis-and-management-of-midurethral-mesh-sling-complications
#20
REVIEW
A Ross Hengel, Kevin V Carlson, Richard J Baverstock
Midurethral slings (MUS) are a proven effective treatment option for stress urinary incontinence (SUI) and have become the gold standard in most centres in North America. MUS implantation can be associated with risks that are common to all anti-incontinence surgeries, and others which are unique. This article reviews the intraoperative and the early and late postoperative risks associated with these procedures, with insights into their prevention, diagnosis, and management drawn from the literature and expert opinion...
June 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
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