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congenital hydrocephalus

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776403/rostral-cranial-fossa-as-a-site-for-cerebrospinal-fluid-drainage-volumetric-studies-in-dog-breeds-of-different-size-and-morphotype
#1
Wojciech Sokołowski, Norbert Czubaj, Michał Skibniewski, Karolina Barszcz, Marta Kupczyńska, Wojciech Kinda, Zdzisław Kiełbowicz
BACKGROUND: Hydrocephalus is a multifactorial condition, whose aetiology is not fully understood. Congenital hydrocephalus frequently occurs in small and brachycephalic dog breeds. Although it is widely accepted that the cribriform plate located in the rostral cranial fossa (RCF) is a site of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) drainage, the RCF has not been studied extensively. Literature reports indicate that a decreased caudal cranial fossa (CCF) volume in the course of the Chiari-like malformation may obstruct CSF circulation...
May 18, 2018: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753920/projected-number-of-children-with-isolated-spina-bifida-or-down-syndrome-in-england-and-wales-by-2020
#2
Kate E Best, Svetlana V Glinianaia, Raghu Lingam, Joan K Morris, Judith Rankin
Children with major congenital anomalies often require lifelong access to health and social care services. Estimating future numbers of affected individuals can aid health and social care planning. This study aimed to estimate the number of children aged 0-15 years living with spina bifida or Down syndrome in England and Wales by 2020. Cases of spina bifida and Down syndrome born during 1998-2013 were identified from the Northern Congenital Abnormality Survey and the National Down Syndrome Cytogenetic Register, respectively...
May 10, 2018: European Journal of Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706112/ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-infections-and-re-infections-in-children-a-multicentre-retrospective-study
#3
Nurhayat Yakut, Ahmet Soysal, Eda Kepenekli Kadayifci, Nazan Dalgic, Dilek Yılmaz Ciftdogan, Ayse Karaaslan, Gulsen Akkoc, Sevliya Ocal Demir, Eren Cagan, Ezgi Celikboya, Ali Kanik, Adnan Dagcinar, Adem Yilmaz, Fusun Ozer, Mahmut Camlar, Ozden Turel, Mustafa Bakir
PURPOSE: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) is the most common treatment modality for hydrocephalus. However, VPS infection is a common and serious complication with high rates of mortality and morbidity. The objective of this study was to investigate causative agents and the management of VPS infections and to identify risk factors for re-infection in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective, multicentre study on patients with VPS infection at paediatric and neurosurgery departments in four tertiary medical centres in Turkey between January 2011 and September 2014...
April 28, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701543/global-hydrocephalus-epidemiology-and-incidence-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Michael C Dewan, Abbas Rattani, Rania Mekary, Laurence J Glancz, Ismaeel Yunusa, Ronnie E Baticulon, Graham Fieggen, John C Wellons, Kee B Park, Benjamin C Warf
OBJECTIVE Hydrocephalus is one of the most common brain disorders, yet a reliable assessment of the global burden of disease is lacking. The authors sought a reliable estimate of the prevalence and annual incidence of hydrocephalus worldwide. METHODS The authors performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to estimate the incidence of congenital hydrocephalus by WHO region and World Bank income level using the MEDLINE/PubMed and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews databases. A global estimate of pediatric hydrocephalus was obtained by adding acquired forms of childhood hydrocephalus to the baseline congenital figures using neural tube defect (NTD) registry data and known proportions of posthemorrhagic and postinfectious cases...
April 27, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29682073/endoscopic-management-of-a-fourth-ventricular-cyst
#5
Saba Jafarpour, Morteza Faghih Jouibari, Leila Aghaghazvini, Vafa Rahimi-Movaghar
We report a case of a 12-year-old boy with previously shunted congenital hydrocephalus, presenting with a progressive headache, nausea, vomiting, and lethargy. In the brain magnetic resonance imaging, a large cyst was seen in the superior recess of the fourth ventricle extending through the cerebral aqueduct toward the third ventricle. Endoscopic dual fenestration of the cyst was performed successfully using the posterior suboccipital approach through the foramen of Magendie, which resulted in the relief of symptoms without any complications, and the patient was symptom-free in the subsequent follow-up visits for 4 years...
April 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664509/congenital-hydrocephalus-g%C3%A3-mez-l%C3%A3-pez-hern%C3%A3-ndez-syndrome-an-underdiagnosed-syndrome-a-clinical-case
#6
Camila Gálvez V, Isidro Huete, Marta Hernández
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus is defined as complex conditions influenced by genetic and environmental factors. Excluding hydrocephalus acquired from infection or brain tumors, congenital hydrocephalus with a genetic cause may occur isolated (hydrocephalus isolated, pure or non-syndromatic) or as a component of a genetic syndrome (syndromic hydrocephalus). OBJECTIVE: To present a syndromic congenital hydrocephalus with a known diagnosis, in order to be considered in the study of this pathology and to perform a review of hydrocephaly with a genetic cause...
February 2018: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627843/spontaneous-ventriculostomy-into-the-subdural-space-in-a-neonate-with-congenital-hydrocephalus
#7
Mahesh Krishna Pillai, Rajeev Kariyattil, Linda Rubene, Rajinder Kumar, Venkatesh Govindaraju, Koshy Kochummen
We report a case of spontaneous temporary resolution of congenital hydrocephalus due to drainage into the subdural space, which is not a physiological space for cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This is the first report of spontaneous drainage of CSF into the subdural space, and we term it "ventriculosubdurostomy." We highlight the fact that spontaneous resolution of hydrocephalus due to drainage into a nonphysiological CSF space is temporary.
April 6, 2018: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588243/clinical-outcomes-of-isolated-congenital-aqueductal-stenosis
#8
Daniel A Tonetti, Bertram Richter, Edward Andrews, Chen Xu, Stephen P Emery, Stephanie Greene
INTRODUCTION: Hydrocephalus due to congenital aqueductal stenosis (CAS) has significant long-term clinical implications. Prior reports on outcomes after treatment of congenital hydrocephalus are heterogenous and lack specificity for the subgroup of patients with isolated aqueductal stenosis. METHODS: An institutional surgical database was queried for the time period of 2005 - 2013 for patients with the diagnosis of isolated congenital aqueductal stenosis and >2 years of clinical follow-up...
March 24, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581857/trends-in-the-prevalence-of-congenital-hydrocephalus-in-14-cities-in-liaoning-province-china-from-2006-to-2015-in-a-population-based-birth-defect-registry-from-the-liaoning-women-and-children-s-health-hospital
#9
Yan-Hong Huang, Qi-Jun Wu, Yan-Ling Chen, Cheng-Zhi Jiang, Ting-Ting Gong, Jing Li, Li-Li Li, Chen Zhou
The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and trends of congenital hydrocephalus (CH) using a large population-based sample with cases retrieved from the Liaoning Birth Defects Registry, which included 14 cities, over a 10-year period. CH prevalence, percent change, average change, and contribution rates of each city were calculated. Statistical analysis was performed using a Poisson regression model. There was a total of 3008 CH cases among 3,248,954 live births during the observational period (9...
March 6, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561489/isolated-post-shunt-metopic-synostosis-and-neural-tube-defects
#10
William Abouhassan, John Kuang Chao, Ananth S Murthy
BACKGROUND: Craniosynostosis is an uncommon complication after shunting procedures for congenital hydrocephalus. We report a case of a child with myelomeningocele and normocephaly at the time of birth. She underwent ventricular shunting for Chiari malformation and hydrocephalus at 3 days of age. An immediate postoperative CT scan confirmed all sutures were open. Serial CT scans document an open metopic suture at 2 months, closed metopic suture at 5 months, and trigonocephaly at 11 months with concomitant slit ventricle syndrome, and collapsed lateral and third ventricles...
March 20, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29530698/neurocutaneous-melanosis-in-an-adult-patient-with-intracranial-primary-malignant-melanoma-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Mian Ma, Zhi-Liang Ding, Zhi-Qi Cheng, Gang Wu, Xiao-Yu Tang, Peng Deng, Jian-Dong Wu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the clinical characteristics of neurocutaneous melanosis (NCM) in adult patients in order to help improve diagnosis and treatment of this disease. METHODS: We present a rare case of an adult patient suffering from neurocutaneous melanosis with malignant melanoma as well as a review Chinese and English literature, and analyze their clinical features. RESULTS: There were thirty adult NCM patients, aged 19 to 65 years old, average 27...
March 9, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527373/-pantoea-agglomerans-infections-in-children-report-of-two-cases
#12
Shraddha Siwakoti, Rinku Sah, Rupa Singh Rajbhandari, Basudha Khanal
Introduction: Pantoea agglomerans, primarily an environmental and agricultural organism has been reported as both commensal and pathogen of humans. We present two case reports of P. agglomerans infections in children that involved the meninges and bloodstream. Case Presentations: A 6-month-old female baby, diagnosed as congenital hydrocephalus secondary to aqueduct stenosis with ventriculoperitoneal shunt in situ, operated 14 days back was brought to the pediatric emergency with a two-day history of high fever associated with vomiting, irritability, excessive crying, and decreased feeding...
2018: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519789/congenital-aqueductal-stenosis-findings-at-fetal-mri-that-accurately-predict-a-postnatal-diagnosis
#13
K J Heaphy-Henault, C V Guimaraes, A R Mehollin-Ray, C I Cassady, W Zhang, N K Desai, M J Paldino
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Congenital aqueductal stenosis is a common cause of prenatal ventriculomegaly. An accurate diagnosis provides prognostic information and may guide obstetric management. The purpose of this study was to identify specific anatomic findings on prenatal MR imaging that can be used as predictors of congenital aqueductal stenosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Prenatal and postnatal MRIs of fetuses referred to our institution for ventriculomegaly between June 2008 and August 2015 were reviewed...
May 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512828/strategies-and-dental-care-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-myelomeningocele
#14
Leticia Bignardi, Talita Prates, Andiara De Rossi, Paulo Nelson-Filho, Fabrício Kitasono de Carvalho, Talitha de Siqueira Mellara, Alexandra Mussolino de Queiroz
Myelomeningocele (MMC) is a congenital malformation that occurs in the embryonic period, characterized by failure in closure of the caudal portion of the neural tube during central nervous system formation. Alterations and complications can be associated with this condition, such as hydrocephalus, neurogenic bladder, orthopedic problems, and motor and cognitive impairment. This patients with MMC also have predisposition to develop latex allergy and high caries risk and activity due to deficient oral hygiene, fermentable carbon hydrate-rich diet and prolonged use of sugar-containing oral medications...
March 2018: Special Care in Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499638/compound-heterozygous-variants-in-the-multiple-pdz-domain-protein-mpdz-cause-a-case-of-mild-non-progressive-communicating-hydrocephalus
#15
Nesreen K Al-Jezawi, Aisha M Al-Shamsi, Jehan Suleiman, Salma Ben-Salem, Anne John, Ranjit Vijayan, Bassam R Ali, Lihadh Al-Gazali
BACKGROUND: Congenital hydrocephalus (CH) results from the accumulation of excessive amounts of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) in the brain, often leading to severe neurological impairments. However, the adverse effects of CH can be reduced if the condition is detected and treated early. Earlier reports demonstrated that some CH cases are caused by mutations in L1CAM gene encoding the neural cell adhesion molecule L1. On the other hand, recent studies have implicated the multiple PDZ domain (MPDZ) gene in some severe forms of CH, inherited in an autosomal recessive pattern...
March 2, 2018: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492126/pure-tethered-cervical-cord-and-review-of-literature
#16
Vinod Kumar Tewari, Rituj Somvanshi, Ravindra Bihari Trivedi, Mazhar Hussain, H K Das Gupta, R S Dubey
Tethering of the spinal cord in the lumbosacral region with myelomeningocele is a well-known phenomenon. Only sporadic cases of tethering along the rest of the neuraxis, including the hindbrain, cervical, and thoracic spinal cord have been documented, always along with some associated congenital malformations (hydrocephalus, Chiari malformation, myelomeningocele, meningocele, hamartomatous stalk, spina bifida occulta, intramedullary lipoma, intradural fibrous adhesions, the fusion of the sixth and seventh cervical vertebrae, split cord malformation, or low-lying cord)...
January 2018: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483009/congenital-achiasma-and-see-saw-nystagmus-in-vater-syndrome-association-with-hydrocephalus
#17
Chinh T Nguyen, Christine Goh, Patricia Desmond, Larry A Abel, Chris H L Lim, R C Andrew Symons, Thomas G Hardy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453580/neurosurgical-management-of-hydrocephalus-by-a-general-surgeon-in-an-extremely-low-resource-setting-initial-experience-in-north-kivu-province-of-eastern-democratic-republic-of-congo
#18
Sarah B Cairo, Justice Agyei, Kavira Nyavandu, David H Rothstein, Luc Malemo Kalisya
PURPOSE: Evaluate the management of hydrocephalus in pediatric patients in the Eastern Democratic Republic of Congo by a general surgeon. METHODS: Retrospective review of a single institution in the province of North Kivu. Patient charts and surgical notes were reviewed from 2003 to 2016. RESULTS: 116 procedures were performed for an average of 8.9 per year. 51.7% of surgeries were on female patients with an average age of 13.6 ± 22.7...
April 2018: Pediatric Surgery International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451656/posterior-fossa-decompression-with-duraplasty-in-chiari-surgery-a-technical-note
#19
Marcelo Ferreira Sabba, Beatriz Souza Renor, Enrico Ghizoni, Helder Tedeschi, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim
Chiari malformation (CM) is the most common and prevalent symptomatic congenital craniocervical malformation. Radiological diagnosis is established when the cerebellar tonsils are located 5 mm or more below the level of the foramen magnum on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Surgical treatment is indicated whenever there is symptomatic tonsillar herniation or syringomyelia/hydrocephalus. The main surgical treatment for CM without craniocervical instability (such as atlantoaxial luxation) is posterior fossa decompression, with or without duraplasty...
November 2017: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29417959/corrigendum-dusp16-deficiency-causes-congenital-obstructive-hydrocephalus-and-brain-overgrowth-by-expansion-of-the-neural-progenitor-pool
#20
Ksenija Zega, Vukasin M Jovanovic, Zagorka Vitic, Magdalena Niedzielska, Laura Knaapi, Marin M Jukic, Juha Partanen, Roland H Friedel, Roland Lang, Claude Brodski
[This corrects the article on p. 372 in vol. 10, PMID: 29170629.].
2018: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
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