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cre recombinase

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149899/selective-depletion-of-microglial-progranulin-in-mice-is-not-sufficient-to-cause-neuronal-ceroid-lipofuscinosis-or-neuroinflammation
#1
Terri L Petkau, Natalia Kosior, Kathleen de Asis, Colúm Connolly, Blair R Leavitt
BACKGROUND: Progranulin deficiency due to heterozygous null mutations in the GRN gene are a common cause of familial frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), while homozygous loss-of-function GRN mutations are thought to be a rare cause of neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis (NCL). Aged progranulin-knockout (Grn-null) mice display highly exaggerated lipofuscinosis, microgliosis, and astrogliosis, as well as mild cell loss in specific brain regions. In the brain, progranulin is predominantly expressed in neurons and microglia, and previously, we demonstrated that neuronal-specific depletion of progranulin does not recapitulate the neuropathological phenotype of Grn-null mice...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146772/cre-dependent-cas9-expressing-pigs-enable-efficient-in-vivo-genome-editing
#2
Kepin Wang, Qin Jin, Degong Ruan, Yi Yang, Qishuai Liu, Han Wu, Zhiwei Zhou, Zhen Ouyang, Zhaoming Liu, Yu Zhao, Bentian Zhao, Quanjun Zhang, Jiangyun Peng, Chengdan Lai, Nana Fan, Yanhui Liang, Ting Lan, Nan Li, Xiaoshan Wang, Xinlu Wang, Yong Fan, Pieter A Doevendans, Joost P G Sluijter, Pentao Liu, Xiaoping Li, Liangxue Lai
Despite being time-consuming and costly, generating genome-edited pigs holds great promise for agricultural, biomedical, and pharmaceutical applications. To further facilitate genome editing in pigs, we report here establishment of a pig line with Cre-inducible Cas9 expression that allows a variety of ex vivo genome editing in fibroblast cells including single- and multigene modifications, chromosome rearrangements, and efficient in vivo genetic modifications. As a proof of principle, we were able to simultaneously inactivate five tumor suppressor genes (TP53, PTEN, APC, BRCA1, and BRCA2) and activate one oncogene (KRAS), achieved by delivering Cre recombinase and sgRNAs, which caused rapid lung tumor development...
November 16, 2017: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145601/identification-and-functional-analysis-of-potential-prophage-derived-recombinases-for-genome-editing-in-lactobacillus-casei
#3
Yongping Xin, Tingting Guo, Yingli Mu, Jian Kong
Numerous LAB bacteriophage genomes have been sequenced, while the functional genes are yet to be exploited. In this study, a λ Red-like recombinase operon LCABL_13040-50-60 was identified from a prophage PLE3 in Lactobacillus casei BL23 genome, and its recombination function was confirmed by replacement of a 167 bp galK fragment with chloramphenicol-resistant gene (cat) in the L. casei BL23 genome. Further functional analysis showed that LCABL_13040 and LCABL_13060 were analogs to the host nuclease inhibitor (Redγ) and 5'-3' exonuclease (Redα/RecE), respectively...
November 14, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136012/regional-knockdown-of-ndufs4-implicates-a-thalamocortical-circuit-mediating-anesthetic-sensitivity
#4
Renjini Ramadasan-Nair, Jessica Hui, Pavel I Zimin, Leslie S Itsara, Philip G Morgan, Margaret M Sedensky
Knockout of the mitochondrial complex I protein, NDUFS4, profoundly increases sensitivity of mice to volatile anesthetics. In mice carrying an Ndufs4lox/lox gene, adeno-associated virus expressing Cre recombinase was injected into regions of the brain postulated to affect sensitivity to volatile anesthetics. These injections generated otherwise phenotypically wild type mice with region-specific, postnatal inactivation of Ndufs4, minimizing developmental effects of gene loss. Sensitivities to the volatile anesthetics isoflurane and halothane were measured using loss of righting reflex (LORR) and movement in response to tail clamp (TC) as endpoints...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133362/three-month-endothelial-human-endothelin-1-overexpression-causes-blood-pressure-elevation-and-vascular-and-kidney-injury
#5
Suellen C Coelho, Olga Berillo, Antoine Caillon, Sofiane Ouerd, Júlio C Fraulob-Aquino, Tlili Barhoumi, Stefan Offermanns, Pierre Paradis, Ernesto L Schiffrin
Endothelium-derived endothelin (ET)-1 has been implicated in the development of hypertension and end-organ damage, but its exact role remains unclear. We have shown that tamoxifen-inducible endothelium-restricted human ET-1 overexpressing (ieET-1) mice exhibited blood pressure rise after a 3-week induction in an ET type A (ETA) receptor-dependent manner, in absence of vascular and renal injury. It is unknown whether long-term ET-1 overexpression results in sustained blood pressure elevation and vascular and renal injury...
November 13, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131159/enhancing-the-precision-of-genetic-lineage-tracing-using-dual-recombinases
#6
Lingjuan He, Yan Li, Yi Li, Wenjuan Pu, Xiuzhen Huang, Xueying Tian, Yue Wang, Hui Zhang, Qiaozhen Liu, Libo Zhang, Huan Zhao, Juan Tang, Hongbin Ji, Dongqing Cai, Zhibo Han, Zhongchao Han, Yu Nie, Shengshou Hu, Qing-Dong Wang, Ruilin Sun, Jian Fei, Fengchao Wang, Ting Chen, Yan Yan, Hefeng Huang, William T Pu, Bin Zhou
The Cre-loxP recombination system is the most widely used technology for in vivo tracing of stem or progenitor cell lineages. The precision of this genetic system largely depends on the specificity of Cre recombinase expression in targeted stem or progenitor cells. However, Cre expression in nontargeted cell types can complicate the interpretation of lineage-tracing studies and has caused controversy in many previous studies. Here we describe a new genetic lineage tracing system that incorporates the Dre-rox recombination system to enhance the precision of conventional Cre-loxP-mediated lineage tracing...
November 13, 2017: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121947/interleukin-1%C3%AE-signaling-in-fenestrated-capillaries-is-sufficient-to-trigger-sickness-responses-in-mice
#7
J Gabriel Knoll, Stephanie M Krasnow, Daniel L Marks
BACKGROUND: The physiological and behavioral symptoms of sickness, including fever, anorexia, behavioral depression, and weight loss can be both beneficial and detrimental. These sickness responses are triggered by pro-inflammatory cytokines acting on cells within the brain. Previous research demonstrates that the febrile response to peripheral insults depends upon prostaglandin production by vascular endothelial cells, but the mechanisms and specific cell type(s) responsible for other sickness responses remain unknown...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120948/parvalbumin-containing-gaba-cells-and-schizophrenia-experimental-model-based-on-targeted-gene-delivery-through-adeno-associated-viruses
#8
Marta U Woloszynowska-Fraser, Peer Wulff, Gernot Riedel
Understanding the contribution of transmitter systems in behavioural pharmacology has a long tradition. Multiple techniques such as transmitter-specific lesions, and also localized administration of pharmacological toxins including agonists and antagonists of selected receptors have been applied. More recently, modern genetic tools have permitted cell-type selective interferences, for example by expression of light-sensitive channels followed by optogenetic stimulation in behaviourally meaningful settings or by engineered channels termed DREADDS that respond to peripherally administered drugs...
December 2017: Behavioural Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118343/exosc10-rrp6-is-post-translationally-regulated-in-male-germ-cells-and-controls-the-onset-of-spermatogenesis
#9
Soazik P Jamin, Fabrice G Petit, Christine Kervarrec, Fatima Smagulova, Doris Illner, Harry Scherthan, Michael Primig
EXOSC10 is a catalytic subunit of the exosome that processes biologically active transcripts, degrades aberrant mRNAs and targets certain long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs). The yeast orthologue Rrp6 is required for efficient growth and gametogenesis, and becomes unstable during meiosis. However, nothing is known about the localization, stability and function of EXOSC10 in the rodent male germline. We detect the protein in nucleoli and the cytoplasm of mitotic and meiotic germ cells, and find that it transiently associates with the XY body, a structure targeted by meiotic sex chromosome inactivation (MSCI)...
November 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117535/rescuing-infusion-of-mirna-1-prevents-cardiac-remodeling-in-a-heart-selective-mirna-deficient-mouse
#10
Shuilian Luo, Yuhang Chen, Rui He, Yujun Shi, Li Su
OBJECTIVE: The decreased expression of muscle-specific microRNA-1 (miR-1) has been found in many cardiovascular diseases and is considered to contribute to heart failure (HF). Here we investigated the role of miR-1 in myocardium protection by infusion of miR-1 in a cardiac global miRNA-deficient mouse. METHODS: We generated a cardiac-selective miRNA-deficient mouse by crossing Dicer(flox/flox) mice with mice expressing tamoxifen-inducible Cre recombinase under the control of a mouse αMHC promoter...
November 5, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115049/generation-and-characterization-of-an-estrogen-receptor-alpha-icre-knock-in-mouse
#11
Chan Jin Park, Guanglin Chen, Yongbum Koo, Po-Ching P Lin, Joseph A Cacioppo, Hailey Prohaska, CheMyong J Ko
Two estrogen receptors, ESR1 and ESR2, are responsible for the classical actions of estrogens in mammalian species. They display different spatiotemporal expression patterns and non-overlapping functions in various tissues and physiological conditions. In this study, a novel knock-in mouse line that expresses codon-improved Cre recombinase (iCre) under regulation of the natural Esr1 promoter (Esr1-iCre) was developed. Functional characterization of iCre expression by crossing them with reporter lines (ROSA26-lacZ or Ai9-RFP) showed that iCre is faithfully expressed in Esr1-lineage cells...
November 8, 2017: Genesis: the Journal of Genetics and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109405/application-of-cre-lox-gene-switch-to-limit-the-cry-expression-in-rice-green-tissues
#12
Hao Chen, Ju Luo, Peng Zheng, Xiaobo Zhang, Cuicui Zhang, Xinyuan Li, Mugui Wang, Yuqing Huang, Xuejiao Liu, Mehmood Jan, Yujun Liu, Peisong Hu, Jumin Tu
The presence of genetically modified (GM) protein in the endosperm is important information for the public when considering the biological safety of transgenic rice. To limit the expression of GM proteins to rice green tissues, we developed a modified Cre-lox gene switch using two cassettes named KEY and LOCK. KEY contains a nuclear-localized Cre recombinase driven by the green-tissue-specific promoter rbcS. LOCK contains a Nos terminator (NosT), which is used to block the expression of the gene of interest (GOI), bounded by two loxP sites...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107299/bombesin-like-receptor-3-brs3-expression-in-glutamatergic-but-not-gabaergic-neurons-is-required-for-regulation-of-energy-metabolism
#13
Cuiying Xiao, Ramón A Piñol, Jesse Lea Carlin, Cuiling Li, Chuxia Deng, Oksana Gavrilova, Marc L Reitman
OBJECTIVE: Bombesin-like receptor 3 (BRS-3) is an orphan G protein-coupled receptor. Brs3 null mice have reduced resting metabolic rate and body temperature, increased food intake, and obesity. Here we study the role of Brs3 in different neuron types. METHODS: Mice able to undergo Cre recombinase-dependent inactivation or re-expression of Brs3 were generated, respectively Brs3(fl/y) and Brs3(loxTB/y). We then studied four groups of mice with Brs3 selectively inactivated or re-expressed in cells expressing Vglut2-Cre or Vgat-Cre...
November 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106408/cell-type-specific-metabolic-labeling-of-nascent-proteomes-in-vivo
#14
Beatriz Alvarez-Castelao, Christoph T Schanzenbächer, Cyril Hanus, Caspar Glock, Susanne Tom Dieck, Aline R Dörrbaum, Ina Bartnik, Belquis Nassim-Assir, Elena Ciirdaeva, Anke Mueller, Daniela C Dieterich, David A Tirrell, Julian D Langer, Erin M Schuman
Although advances in protein labeling methods have made it possible to measure the proteome of mixed cell populations, it has not been possible to isolate cell-type-specific proteomes in vivo. This is because the existing methods for metabolic protein labeling in vivo access all cell types. We report the development of a transgenic mouse line where Cre-recombinase-induced expression of a mutant methionyl-tRNA synthetase (L274G) enables the cell-type-specific labeling of nascent proteins with a non-canonical amino-acid and click chemistry...
November 6, 2017: Nature Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106072/regulation-of-continuous-but-complex-expression-pattern-of-six1-during-early-sensory-development
#15
Shigeru Sato, Yasuhide Furuta, Kiyoshi Kawakami
BACKGROUND: In vertebrates, cranial sensory placodes give rise to neurosensory and endocrine structures such as the olfactory epithelium, inner ear and anterior pituitary. We report here the establishment of a transgenic mouse line that expresses Cre recombinase under the control of Six1-21, a major placodal enhancer of the homeobox gene Six1. RESULTS: In the new Cre-expressing line, mSix1-21-NLSCre, the earliest Cre-mediated recombination was induced at embryonic day 8...
November 6, 2017: Developmental Dynamics: An Official Publication of the American Association of Anatomists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103986/cold-inducible-promoter-driven-cre-lox-system-proved-to-be-highly-efficient-for-marker-gene-excision-in-transgenic-barley
#16
Csaba Éva, Flóra Téglás, Helga Zelenyánszki, Cecília Tamás, Angéla Juhász, Klára Mészáros, László Tamás
A Cre-lox based auto-excision strategy has been adapted for barley, capable of cre and selectable marker gene (SMG) removal. The cold inducible wheat promoter called wcs120 was utilised for driving Cre expression. The binary vector was carrying the transgene (uidA) and a so called 'recombination cassette' flanked by the lox sequences. This part included both the recombinase gene and the SMG (bar) under the control of a constitutive promoter. T0, T1 and T2 transgenic plants were subjected to low temperature (at 4°C, 10°C and 12°C) at different developmental stages to induce recombination...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069598/brain-wide-mapping-of-endogenous-serotonergic-transmission-via-chemogenetic-fmri
#17
Andrea Giorgi, Sara Migliarini, Alberto Galbusera, Giacomo Maddaloni, Maddalena Mereu, Giulia Margiani, Marta Gritti, Silvia Landi, Francesco Trovato, Sine Mandrup Bertozzi, Andrea Armirotti, Gian Michele Ratto, Maria Antonietta De Luca, Raffaella Tonini, Alessandro Gozzi, Massimo Pasqualetti
Serotonin-producing neurons profusely innervate brain regions via long-range projections. However, it remains unclear whether and how endogenous serotonergic transmission specifically influences regional or global functional activity. We combined designed receptors exclusively activated by designed drugs (DREADD)-based chemogenetics and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), an approach we term "chemo-fMRI," to causally probe the brain-wide substrates modulated by endogenous serotonergic activity...
October 24, 2017: Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069450/improvement-of-a-yeast-self-excising-integrative-vector-by-prevention-of-expression-leakage-of-the-intronated-cre-recombinase-gene-during-plasmid-maintenance-in-escherichia-coli
#18
Michael O Agaphonov
The use of plasmids possessing a regulatable gene coding for a site-specific recombinase together with its recognition sequences significantly facilitates genome manipulations since it allows self-excision of the portion of the genetic construct integrated into the host genome. Stable maintenance of such plasmids in Escherichia coli , which is used for plasmid preparation, requires prevention of recombinase synthesis in this host, which can be achieved by interrupting the recombinase gene with an intron. Based on this approach, Saccharomyces cerevisiae and Hansenula polymorpha self-excising vectors possessing intronated gene for Cre recombinase and its recognition sites ( LoxP ) were previously constructed...
October 24, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057961/pannexin1-links-lymphatic-function-to-lipid-metabolism-and-atherosclerosis
#19
Filippo Molica, Merlijn J Meens, Juan Dubrot, Avigail Ehrlich, Christel L Roth, Sandrine Morel, Graziano Pelli, Laurent Vinet, Vincent Braunersreuther, Osman Ratib, Marc Chanson, Stephanie Hugues, Eliana Scemes, Brenda R Kwak
Extracellular ATP is a central signaling molecule in inflammatory responses. Pannexin1 (Panx1) channels release ATP in a controlled manner and have been implicated in various inflammatory pathologies, but their role in atherogenesis remains elusive. Using atherosclerosis-susceptible mouse models with ubiquitous deletion of Panx1 (Panx1 (-/-) Apoe (-/-) ) or with Cre recombinase-mediated deletion of Panx1 in endothelial cells and monocytes (Tie2-Cre (Tg) Panx1 (fl/fl) Apoe (-/-) ; Panx1 (del) Apoe (-/-) ), we identified a novel role for Panx1 in the lymphatic vasculature...
October 20, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052235/establishment-of-a-markerless-multiple-gene-deletion-method-based-on-cre-loxp-mutant-system-for-bacillus-pumilus
#20
Zheng-Bing Guan, Kai-Qiang Wang, Yan Shui, Xiang-Ru Liao
In this study, we established a Cre/loxP mutant recombination system (Cre/lox71-66 system) for markerless gene deletion to facilitate our follow-up rational genetic engineering to the strain Bacillus pumilus W3. This modified method uses two mutant loxP sites, which after recombination creates a double-mutant loxP site that is poorly recognized by Cre recombinase, facilitating multiple gene deletions in a single genetic background. Two selected genes, cotA and sigF, were continuously knocked out and verified at different levels using this method...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Basic Microbiology
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