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carotid mass

Drew A Hildebrandt, Eric D Irwin, Thomas E Lohmeier
Chronic electric activation of the carotid baroreflex produces sustained reductions in sympathetic activity and arterial pressure and is currently being evaluated for therapy in patients with resistant hypertension. However, patients with significant impairment of renal function have been largely excluded from clinical trials. Thus, there is little information on blood pressure and renal responses to baroreflex activation in subjects with advanced chronic kidney disease, which is common in resistant hypertension...
October 24, 2016: Hypertension
P Monica Lind, Samira Salihovic, Bert van Bavel, Lars Lind
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: During recent years, some persistent organic pollutants (POPs) have been linked to atherosclerosis. One group of POPs, the poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) have not been investigated with regard to atherosclerotic plaques. METHODS: Carotid artery atherosclerosis was assessed by ultrasound in 1016 subjects aged 70 years in the Prospective Investigation of the Vasculature in Uppsala Seniors (PIVUS) study. Eight PFASs were detected in >75% of participants' plasma by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UPLC-MS/MS)...
October 20, 2016: Environmental Research
F Heran Dreyfus, O Galatoire, P Koskas, F Lafitte, E Nau, O Bergès
Orbito-palpebral vascular pathology represents 10% of all the diseases of this area. The lesion may be discovered during a brain CT scan or MRI, or because it causes clinical symptoms such as orbital mass, visual or oculomotor alteration, pain, proptosis, or acute bleeding due to a complication of the lesion (hemorrhage, thrombosis). We present these lesions using an anatomical, clinical, imaging and therapeutic approach. We distinguish four different entities. Vascular tumors have common imaging characteristics (hypersignal on T2 sequence, contrast enhancement, abnormal vascularization well depicted with ultrasound and Doppler, and possible bleeding)...
October 18, 2016: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
Christina M Cromwell, Kristin R Aichele, Joyann E Oakman, Michael P Neal, Jessica M Lenzo, Avery N Perez, Naomi L Bye, Erica L Santaniello, Jessica A Hill, Rachel C Evans, Karla A Thiele, Lauren N Chavis, Allyson K Getty, Tia R Wisdo, Deborah L Feairheller
Previous studies have investigated carotid artery intima-media thickness (IMT) and blood pressure and found a direct correlation between the two. It is known that adult females have better cardiovascular health than males until a certain stage of life, yet limited research has examined gender differences in vascular function. Thus, the purpose of this study was to investigate vascular structure and function, blood pressure, and blood glucose/cholesterol levels in relation to gender differences in young healthy adults...
2016: International Journal of Exercise Science
Svetlana Villevalde, Zhanna Kovbalava
OBJECTIVE: Microalbuminuria (MAU) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) are the signs of subclinical kidney damage, independently predict cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. The aim of the study was to investigate the relative role of MAU, cardiac and vascular ultrasonography, carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (PWV) for the detection of hypertensive target organ damage (TOD) and risk stratification. DESIGN AND METHOD: In 576 non-diabetic hypertensive patients without established cardiovascular or renal disease (291 male, 53...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Denes Pall, Eva Katona, Miklós Zrinyi, Szabolcs Lengyel, Gyorgy Paragh, Bela Fulesdi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess whether a difference exists between endothelial function, intima-media thickness (IMT) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) in healthy non-hypertensive, white-coat hypertensive (WCH) and sustained hypertensive (SH) adolescents. DESIGN AND METHOD: All young people attending high school in Debrecen, Hungary (n = 10,359) participated in the study. Three blood pressure (BP) measurements were taken separated by 5 min intervals...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Seung Won Lee, Hyeon Chang Kim, Yong-Ho Lee, Hansol Choi, Ji Hye Park, Yumie Rhee, Chang Oh Kim
OBJECTIVE: We examined whether HbA1c is associated with carotid atherosclerosis in a community-dwelling elderly Korean population with normal fasting glucose. DESIGN AND METHOD: Using data from the Korean Urban Rural Elderly study, we conducted a cross-sectional analysis in 1,133 participants (335 men and 798 women) with mean age 71.8 years. All participants had fasting blood glucose less than 100   mg/dL (5.6mmol/L) and a level of HbA1c below 6.5% (48 mmol/mol)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Chen Chi, Yi Zhang, Kai Wang, Le Wang, Bin Bai, Shikai Yu, Yuyan Lu, Jianhui Zhuang
OBJECTIVE: Central blood pressure (BP) is reported to associate with target organ damages (TODs) better than brachial BP. However, data regarding the association of TODs with central and brachial BP in the community-dwelling health elderly are scare. We therefore hypothesized that TODs are better associated with central than brachial blood pressure (BP) in the elderly community-based population, with considering all hypertensive TODs, namely left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH), left ventricular (LV) diastolic dysfunction (DD), carotid plaque, arteriosclerosis and microalbuminuria...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yi Zhang, Yuyan Lu, Bin Bai, Shikai Yu, Jing Xiong, Dela Jia, Yawei Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare of carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cf-PWV) and brachial-ankle PWV (ba-PWV) in the association with conventional cardiovascular risk factors and target organ damages (TODs). DESIGN AND METHOD: 1599 community-dwelling elderly subjects (age > 65 years old) in the northern Shanghai were recruited from June 2014 to August 2015. Cf-PWV and ba-PWV were measured by SphygmCor (AtCor, Australia) and VP1000 (Omron, Japan), respectively. Under the framework of comprehensive cardiovascular examinations, cardiovascular risk factors were assessed, and hypertensive TODs, including left ventricular mass index (LVMI), peak transmitral pulsed Doppler velocity/early diastolic tissue Doppler velocity (E/Ea), carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), ankle-brachial index (ABI), creatinine clearance rate (CCR) and urinary albumin-creatinine ratio (UACR), were all evaluated...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jiadela Teliewubai, Yu-Yan Lv, Shi-Kai Yu, Bin Bai, Chen Chi, Kai Wang, Yi-Wu Zhou, Jing Xiong, Yi Zhang, Ya-Wei Xu
OBJECTIVE: The Eighth Joint National Committee Panel recommended novel blood pressure (BP) goals for individuals with hypertension, which is still under debate. We therefore assessed patients' target organ damages in controlled hypertensives defined by the Seventh or Eighth Joint National Committee thresholds (JNC7 and JNC8) in a community-based elderly Chinese population, in order to find the optimal BP goal for the elderly Chinese. DESIGN AND METHOD: 1599 community-based elderly participants (age > 65 years old) were recruited in the northern Shanghai...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yi-Bang Cheng, Ting-Yan Xu, Yan Yang, Qian-Hui Guo, Chang-Sheng Sheng, Qi-Fang Huang, Jing-Jing Li, Dong-Yan Zhang, Ji-Guang Wang, Yan Li
OBJECTIVE: Central blood pressure (BP) is suggested to be more closely correlated to target organ damage and cardiovascular events than brachial BP. Outcome-based thresholds for the diagnosis of central hypertension has been recently proposed. However, little is known about central hypertension. In an untreated patient cohort, we therefore investigated the prevalence of central hypertension and its association with target organ damage. DESIGN AND METHOD: Consecutive untreated patients referred for ambulatory BP monitoring to our Hypertension Clinic were recruited...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Yi-Bang Cheng, Li-Hua Li, Qian-Hui Guo, Chang-Sheng Sheng, Qi-Fang Huang, Fei-Ka Li, Dong-Yan Zhang, Ji-Guang Wang, Yan Li
OBJECTIVE: Disorders of mineral metabolism predicted incidence of cardiovascular events in various clinical settings, possibly because that arterial stiffness mediate this pathway in part. We investigated the interrelationship between mineral metabolism factors and carotid-femoral PWV, and compared the effect sizes of blood pressure (BP) and mineral factors with carotid-femoral PWV in untreated Chinese. DESIGN AND METHOD: Consecutive untreated outpatients referred for ambulatory BP monitoring were recruited...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Annika Lindroos, Jouni Johansson, Pauli Puukka, Ilkka Kantola, Veikko Salomaa, Eeva Juhanoja, Sam Sivén, Pekka Jousilahti, Antti Jula, Teemu Niiranen
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the agreement between nighttime home and nighttime ambulatory blood pressure (BP) and to compare their associations with hypertensive end-organ damage for the first time in the general population. DESIGN AND METHOD: A population sample of 248 participants underwent measurements for nighttime home BP (3 measurements on 2 nights with a timer-equipped home device), nighttime ambulatory BP, pulse wave velocity (PWV), carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) and echocardiographic left ventricular mass index (LVMI)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Dong-Yan Zhang, Yi-Bang Cheng, Qian-Hui Guo, Ting-Yan Xu, Yan Yang, Jing-Jing Li, Chang-Sheng Sheng, Qi-Fang Huang, Ji-Guang Wang, Yan Li
OBJECTIVE: Masked hypertension is office normotension in the presence of ambulatory hypertension, which can be subdivided into isolated daytime, isolated nighttime or day-night hypertension. Up to now, no previous studies contrasted the subtypes of masked hypertension in their associations with target organ damage. DESIGN AND METHOD: Consecutive untreated patients referred for ambulatory blood pressure (BP) monitoring to our Hypertension Clinic were recruited. Office and ambulatory BP were measured using the Omron 7051 and SpaceLabs 90217 monitors, respectively...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Bin Bai, Jin Xiong, Yuyan Lv, Shikai Yu, Jiadela Teliewubai, Chen Chi, Yiwu Zhou, Kai Wang, Le Wang, Yi Zhang, Yawei Xu
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the discrepancy between PWV and PPA in association with hypertensive TODs in the elderly population. DESIGN AND METHOD: From June 2014 to August 2015, a total of 1599 community-based elderly subjects (age > 65 years old) located in the northern Shanghai were recruited. The carotid-femoral pulse wave velocity (cfPWV), peripheral blood pressure (BP), central BP and other TODs indicators including the ratio of the early ventricular filling velocity (E) to the peak velocity of tissue Doppler velocity of septal mitral annulus (E/Ea), left ventricular mass index (LVMI), carotid intima-medium thickness (IMT), estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary albumin-creatinine rate (ACR) were assessed on each participant...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
I M Zeitoun, G H Borhamy, M M Fata, A M Salloum
Tumour infiltration of the carotid arteries, especially the common carotid artery (CCA) and the internal carotid artery (ICA), is a great challenge in maxillofacial surgery. Cases in which the malignant tumour and/or lymph node is stuck to the carotid artery, especially the ICA, have previously been considered inoperable. Four such cases, two with recurrent metastatic nodal neck masses encasing the ICA, one with aggressive fibromatosis, and one with a carotid body tumour, are described herein. Successful resection of the mass along with the ICA was performed in all cases after a positive balloon occlusion test...
October 10, 2016: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Joshua T Chai, Luca Biasiolli, Linqing Li, Mohammad Alkhalil, Francesca Galassi, Chris Darby, Alison W Halliday, Linda Hands, Timothy Magee, Jeremy Perkins, Ed Sideso, Ashok Handa, Peter Jezzard, Matthew D Robson, Robin P Choudhury
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to: 1) provide tissue validation of quantitative T2 mapping to measure plaque lipid content; and 2) investigate whether this technique could discern differences in plaque characteristics between symptom-related and non-symptom-related carotid plaques. BACKGROUND: Noninvasive plaque lipid quantification is appealing both for stratification in treatment selection and as a possible predictor of future plaque rupture. However, current cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) methods are insensitive, require a coalesced mass of lipid core, and rely on multicontrast acquisition with contrast media and extensive post-processing...
October 6, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
Muyesser Sayki Arslan, Esra Tutal, Mustafa Sahin, Melia Karakose, Bekir Ucan, Gulfer Ozturk, Erman Cakal, Zeynep Biyikli Gencturk, Mustafa Ozbek, Tuncay Delibasi
Osteoprotegerin has been shown to be increased in cardiovascular disorders and type 2 diabetes mellitus. Prediabetes represents a high risk condition for diabetes and diabetic complications. Therefore, we aimed to find the relationship between prediabetes and osteoprotegerin with nuclear factor-B ligand, carotid intima media thickness, and metabolic markers. A total of 54 participants with prediabetes including impaired fasting glucose (n = 21), impaired glucose tolerance (n = 8), impaired fasting glucose and impaired glucose tolerance (n = 25), and 60 healthy individuals as a control were admitted to the study...
October 15, 2016: Endocrine
Yu-Liang Zhan, Bin Zou, Ting Kang, Ling-Bing Xiong, Jin Zou, Yun-Feng Wei
BACKGROUND: Accumulating evidence suggests that increased red cell distribution width (RDW) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) were both poor prognostic factors for patients with cardiovascular diseases. Recently, the multiplicative interaction between RDW and MCV has been observed for predicting mortality in elderly patients without anemia; however, the relationship between the product of RDW-MCV and hypertension-induced target organ damage (TOD) has not been evaluated. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study in 1115 hypertensive patients...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Neeraj Garg, Mala Dharmalingam, Vinay Prabhu, N S Murthy
BACKGROUND: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common endocrine problem, which is now recognized as not only a reproductive but also a metabolic disorder with long-term effects on women's health, it has a prevalence of 5-10% in India. Among PCOS, it has been reported to have a higher incidence of cardiovascular disorders. Epidemiological studies have demonstrated an association between an increase in the carotid intimo-medial wall thickness (CIMT) and cardiovascular dysfunction. The objective of this study was to compare the CIMT of PCOS with normal women...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
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