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B Gibbison
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 22, 2016: Anaesthesia
Sylvain Ausset
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
O Herisson, M Dury, E Rapp, F Marin-Braun
Carpal tunnel syndrome is the most common entrapment syndrome. The incidence of a bilateral condition varies between 22% and 87%. The aim of our study was to assess the level of satisfaction and the clinical outcomes in a group of patients operated on through a bilateral neurolysis on the median nerve in the carpal tunnel, in one operating session. This is a retrospective study involving patients with an electromyographic and clinical diagnosis of bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome. Patients were treated on an outpatient basis and the bilateral neurolysis was performed by endoscopy...
June 2016: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Matthew A R Stokes, Glenn D Guest, Perista Mamadi, Westin Seta, Noel Yaubihi, Grace Karawiga, Billy Naidi, David A K Watters
BACKGROUND: Timely access to emergency and essential surgical care (EESC) and anaesthesia in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) prevents premature death, minimises lifelong disability and reduces their economic impact on families and communities. Papua New Guinea is one of the poorest countries in the Pacific region, and provides much of its surgical care at a district hospital level. We aimed to evaluate the surgical capacity of a district hospital in PNG and estimate the effectiveness of surgical interventions provided...
October 13, 2016: World Journal of Surgery
T Beament, S J Mercer
'Speaking up' or the ability to effectively challenge erroneous decisions is essential to preventing harm. This mixed-methods study in two parts explores the concept of 'barriers to challenging seniors' for anaesthetic trainees, and proposes a conceptual framework. Using a fully immersive simulation scenario with unanticipated airway difficulty, we investigated how junior anaesthetists (one to two years of training) challenged a scripted error. We also conducted focus groups with senior trainees (three to seven years of training) and undertook a 'thematic network analysis' of responses...
November 2016: Anaesthesia
Susanna E R Stanford, David G Bogod
The first author, a patient who underwent elective caesarean section and felt pain necessitating conversion to general anaesthesia, describes the experience with particular reference to the perceived poor communication between her and her anaesthetist. This extended from the preoperative visit to the information provided to her general practitioner after discharge. She makes several suggestions which would have made her experience, and those of other patients in similar circumstances, less traumatic. The second author, who had no involvement in events and works in a different Trust, comments upon the events from the perspective of an obstetric anaesthetist...
August 23, 2016: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
Lene H Garvey
Perioperative hypersensitivity reactions are rare, often life-threatening events, and subsequent investigations to identify the culprit are important to avoid re-exposure. All exposures in the perioperative setting may potentially be the cause of a hypersensitivity reaction, but drugs administered intravenously such as neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA), induction agents and antibiotics have traditionally been reported to be implicated most commonly. It has recently become apparent that there are geographical differences in sensitization patterns related to variation in exposures, referral patterns and performance and interpretation of investigations...
October 4, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Sohail Anjum, Usman Mahboob
OBJECTIVE: To determine the perceptions of house officers working in hospitals about joining anaesthesiology as a career. METHODS: This quantitative, descriptive questionnaire-based study was carried out from September 2014 to February 2015 in 26 teaching hospitals of Lahore, Pakistan, and comprised house officers. Those with at least three months of working experience in anaesthesiology were included. They were approached in their respective departments and a validated self-reporting questionnaire was delivered to them and received back by hand...
October 2016: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
N H Lindkaer Jensen, T M Cook, F E Kelly
The Fourth National Audit Project (NAP4) recommended airway training for trainee and trained anaesthetists. As the skills required for management of airway emergencies differ from routine skills and these events are rare, practical training is likely to require training workshops. In 2013, we surveyed all UK National Health Service hospitals to examine the current practices regarding airway training workshops. We received responses from 206 hospitals (62%) covering all regions. Regarding airway workshops, 16% provide none and 51% only for trainees...
November 2016: Anaesthesia
Damian J Castanelli, Tanisha Jowsey, Yan Chen, Jennifer M Weller
INTRODUCTION: Workplace-based assessment is integral to programmatic assessment in a competency-based curriculum. In 2013, one such assessment, a mini-Clinical Evaluation Exercise (mini-CEX) with a novel "entrustability scale", became compulsory for over 1,200 Australia and New Zealand College of Anaesthetists (ANZCA) trainees. We explored trainees' and supervisors' understanding of the mini-CEX, their experience with the assessment, and their perceptions of its influence on learning and supervision...
September 23, 2016: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Marie Cécile Fevre, Caroline Vincent, Julien Picard, Arnaud Vighetti, Claire Chapuis, Maxime Detavernier, Benoit Allenet, Jean François Payen, Jean Luc Bosson, Pierre Albaladejo
Ultrasound (US) guided needle positioning is safer than anatomical landmark techniques for central venous access. Hand-eye coordination and execution time depend on the professional's ability, previous training and personal skills. Needle Guidance Positioning Systems (GPS) may theoretically reduce execution time and facilitate needle positioning in specific targets, thus improving patient comfort and safety. Three groups of healthcare professionals (41 anaesthesiologists and intensivists, 41 residents in anaesthesiology and intensive care, 39 nurse anaesthetists) were included and required to perform 3 tasks (positioning the tip of a needle in three different targets in a silicon phantom) by using successively a conventional US-guided needle positioning and a needle GPS...
September 19, 2016: Anaesthesia, Critical Care & Pain Medicine
Glenn D Guest, David F Scott, Joao P Xavier, Nelson Martins, Eric Vreede, Antony Chennal, Daliah Moss, David A Watters
BACKGROUND: Timor-Leste suffered a destructive withdrawal by the Indonesian military in 1999, leaving only 20 Timorese-based doctors and no practising specialists for a population of 700 000 that has now grown to 1.2 million. METHODS: This article assesses the outcomes and impact of Royal Australasian College of Surgeons (RACS) specialist medical support from 2001 to 2015. Three programmes were designed collaboratively with the Timor-Leste Ministry of Health and Australian Aid...
September 20, 2016: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Alexander Arthur, Phillip J McCall, Lisa Jolly, John Kinsella, Alan Kirk, Ben G Shelley
AIM: We investigated if the serum biomarkers of endothelial glycocalyx layer (EGL) disruption, heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG) and syndecan-1 (SDC1) were elevated following lung resection surgery. METHODS: Plasma samples were collected from 16 patients undergoing lobectomy for primary lung cancer. HSPG and SDC1 were measured at five perioperative timepoints. Postoperative oxygenation was recorded. RESULTS: Post-hoc pair wise comparisons showed SDC1 concentration was significantly elevated on postoperative day 2, p < 0...
October 2016: Biomarkers in Medicine
Ana Licina, Sharan Sidhu, Jing Xie, Crispin Wan
BACKGROUND: Vitrectomy surgery is one of the commonest ophthalmic procedures performed across the world. It may be performed using general or local anaesthesia encompassing regional or topical anaesthesia depending on a number of factors, including patient suitability, and patient, surgeon or anaesthetist preference. There have so far been no evidence-based recommendations on the best form of anaesthesia for this intervention. There is no clear collated evidence base as to the best type of anaesthesia to reduce harm, and provide best surgical conditions and optimal outcome for patients...
September 19, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
O M A Ahmed, B D O'Donnell, A G Gallagher, D S Breslin, C M Nix, G D Shorten
The purpose of this study was to examine the construct validity and reliability of a novel metrics-based assessment tool, previously developed for ultrasound-guided axillary brachial plexus block. Five expert and eight novice anaesthetists performed a total of 18 ultrasound-guided axillary brachial plexus blocks on the same number of patients. A trained investigator video-taped procedures according to a pre-defined protocol. Two trained consultant anaesthetists independently scored the videos using the assessment tool...
November 2016: Anaesthesia
Delphine Lozac'h
Delphine Lozac'h began her career as an accident and emergency nurse. Today she is a nurse anaesthetist and believes the relationship is a central component of care.
June 2016: Revue de L'infirmière
P Beschoner, M Braun, C Schönfeldt-Lecuona, R W Freudenmann, J von Wietersheim
BACKGROUND: International studies have shown that physicians have an elevated risk of developing depression or burnout syndrome. Gender aspects with regard to occupation are discussed in German politics and society. Currently, there is little data comparing female and male physicians with regard to stress at work, depression, and burnout. OBJECTIVES: Are there differences between male and female physicians with respect to psychosocial strain, emotional exhaustion, and depression? METHODS: In different cross-sectional studies, anaesthetists, psychiatrists and dentists filled out a questionnaire containing questions on personal data, occupation, past medical history and medication intake...
October 2016: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
Amber J Gislason-Lee, Claire Keeble, Christoper J Malkin, Daniel Egleston, Josephine Bexon, Stephen M Kengyelics, Daniel Blackman, Andrew G Davies
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine whether a reduction in radiation dose was found whilst maintaining a clinically acceptable level of image quality for trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) patients using a new cardiac interventional X-ray system with state-of-the-art image enhancement and X-ray optimisation, compared to the cardiac X-ray system which was previously used for TAVI (the reference system). METHODS: Patient dose and image data were retrospectively collected from an AlluraClarity (Philips Healthcare) and Axion Artis (Siemens Healthcare), the new and reference X-ray systems respectively...
September 9, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
M B Avnstorp, P V F Jensen, T Dzongodza, N Matinhira, C Chidziva, J Melchiors, C Von Buchwald
BACKGROUND: In developing countries with limited access to ENT services, performing emergency cricothyroidotomy in patients with upper airway obstruction may be a life-saving last resort. An established Danish-Zimbabwean collaboration of otorhinolaryngologists enrolled Zimbabwean doctors into a video-guided simulation training programme on emergency cricothyroidotomy. This paper presents the positive effect of this training, illustrated by two case reports. CASE REPORTS: A 56-year-old female presented with upper airway obstruction due to a rapidly progressing infectious swelling of the head and neck progressing to cardiac arrest...
September 9, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
P Baumgartner
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
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