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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639040/mobile-gastrointestinal-and-endoscopic-surgery-in-rural-ecuador-20%C3%A2-years-experience-of-cinterandes
#1
H T Shalabi, M D Price, S T Shalabi, E B Rodas, A L Vicuña, B Guzhñay, R R Price, E Rodas
INTRODUCTION: Five billion people worldwide do not have timely access to surgical care. Cinterandes is one of the only mobile surgical units in low- and middle-income countries. This paper examines the methodology that Cinterandes uses to deliver mobile surgery. METHODS: Founding and core staff were interviewed, four missions were participated in, and internal documents and records were analysed between 1 May and 1 July 2014. RESULTS: Cinterandes performed 7641 operations over the last 20 years (60% gastrointestinal/laparoscopic), travelling 300,000 km to remote areas of Ecuador...
June 21, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636155/the-use-of-transnasal-humidified-rapid-insufflation-ventilatory-exchange-thrive-in-17-cases-of-subglottic-stenosis
#2
Kim To, Fleur Harding, McNeill Scott, Pamela Milligan, Iain J Nixon, Richard Adamson, Alistair F McNarry
Shared airway management in patients with subglottic stenosis (SGS) is challenging for both the anaesthetist and surgeon. Various methods of airway management have been described but currently no gold standard exists. Jet ventilation has been described as the preferred technique despite a UK National Survey highlighting potential complications including pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, surgical emphysema, hypoxia and death. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
June 21, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635575/-high-risk-obstetrics-in-tertiary-centres-anaesthetist-hybrid-operating-suite-and-obstetric-critical-care-unit
#3
C D van der Marel, A J Eggink, R J Stolker
The frequency of pregnancy-related morbidity has increased over recent decades, as has the number of patients with complex congenital cardiac anomalies reaching fertile age, resulting in an increasing number of high-risk pregnancies. In order to optimalise maternal and foetal outcome in these patients, not only is the availability of optimal in-hospital facilities (e.g. obstetric critical care unit, hybrid operating suite) important, but also a multidisciplinary approach which is mandatory for successful maternal and foetal outcome...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632615/william-b-quinn-m-d-eclectic-physician-and-occasional-anaesthetist
#4
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629668/underestimating-the-size-of-the-problem-uk-anaesthesia-for-patients-with-obesity
#5
James Palmer, Mike Sury, Claire Nightingale, Jaideep Pandit, Tim Cook
We analysed data from 14,000 patients in the 2013 United Kingdom Anaesthesia Activity Survey of the Fifth National Audit Project of the Royal College of Anaesthetists and Association of Anaesthetists of Great Britain and Ireland to examine anaesthetic, organisational and clinical practice for patients with obesity. We compared practice then with current guidance on management of this patient group. Obesity was reported in 22%, mainly Black, Afro-Caribbean and White Caucasian patients. There was minimal variation in surgical timing, anaesthetic seniority, induction location or day-case procedure rates...
June 16, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622635/management-of-parturients-with-factor-xi-deficiency-10year-case-series-and-review-of-literature
#6
REVIEW
Lynda Verghese, Efterpi Tingi, Jecko Thachil, Charles Hay, Louise Byrd
This is an article reviewing the management of pregnant women with factor XI (FXI) deficiency. Retrospective review of the electronic records of 67 pregnancies in 25 women with FXI deficiency over a ten-year period was undertaken. All women received care at St Mary's Tertiary Referral Obstetric/Haematology Clinic for some or all of their pregnancies. Outcome measures included antenatal complications, mode of delivery, anaesthesia provided and postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) and management required. A positive bleeding history was identified in 50% of women prior to pregnancy...
June 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616391/opioid-free-anaesthesia-in-three-dogs
#7
Donna M White, Alastair R Mair, Fernando Martinez-Taboada
Opioid-free anaesthesia (OFA) is a relatively new and growing field in human medicine. There are multiple motivations behind this emerging practice with the recognition of several serious potential opioid-related adverse effects including opioid induced hyperalgesia, opioid tolerance and immunomodulatory effects of opioids. Opioids have long been the mainstay of veterinary anaesthesia and pain management practice. The feasibility of OFA in veterinary patients is presented here. A case series of three dogs that underwent OFA for canine ovariohysterectomy is reported...
2017: Open veterinary journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615829/primary-management-of-post-burn-contracture-neck-with-tracheostomy-a-surgeon-and-an-anaesthetist-s-perspective
#8
Madhubari Vathulya, Seema Shukla, Navin Shukla
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615182/fifteen-minute-consultation-pain-relief-for-children-made-simple-a-pragmatic-approach-to-prescribing-oral-analgesia-in-the-postcodeine-era
#9
David G Mason
What are the most effective doses of simple oral analgesics such as paracetamol and ibuprofen for pain relief in children? Why can't I prescribe codeine phosphate for children anymore? Is oral morphine really a safe alternative to codeine phosphate, and if so what dose should I prescribe? These questions are frequently asked by clinicians who wish to give analgesics to children for pain relief. In this article I will address these questions and describe a pragmatic approach for pain relief using oral analgesics based on the best evidence available and my experience as a consultant paediatric anaesthetist...
June 14, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Education and Practice Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612934/rural-specialists-the-nature-of-their-work-and-professional-satisfaction-by-geographical-location-of-work
#10
Belinda O'Sullivan, Matthew McGrail, Deborah Russell
OBJECTIVE: Systematically describe the characteristics of rural specialists, their work and job satisfaction by geographical location of work. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Three thousand, four hundred and seventy-nine medical specialists participating in the 2014 Medicine in Australia: Balancing Employment and Life (MABEL) survey of doctors. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Location of practise, whether metropolitan, large (>50 000 population) or small regional centres (<50 000 population)...
June 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607343/failed-epidural-for-labour-what-now
#11
Emilia Guasch, Fabrizio Iannuccelli, Nicolas Brogly, Fernando Gilsanz
Labour epidural failure is a challenging situation for the obstetric anaesthetist, especially when associated to high risk of caesarean delivery, obesity, and difficult airway predictors. Labour epidural failure is still not standardly defined, consequently its incidence is uncertain: improving the knowledge of risk factors related to failure will increase epidural block success rate. Prolonged labours, previous history of epidural failure, and repeated topups needed during labour are recognized risk factors for failure...
June 12, 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603907/a-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-a-low-cost-3d-printed-bronchoscopy-simulator
#12
T H Pedersen, J Gysin, A Wegmann, M Osswald, S R Ott, L Theiler, R Greif
Low-fidelity, simulation-based psychomotor skills training is a valuable first step in the educational approach to mastering complex procedural skills. We developed a cost-effective bronchial tree simulator based on a human thorax computed tomography scan using rapid-prototyping (3D-print) technology. This randomised, single-blind study evaluated how realistic our 3D-printed simulator would mimic human anatomy compared with commercially available bronchial tree simulators (Laerdal(®) Airway Management Trainer with Bronchial Tree and AirSim Advance Bronchi, Stavanger, Norway)...
June 12, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601724/ifna-approved-chinese-anaesthesia-nurse-education-program-a-delphi-method
#13
Jiale Hu, Michael D Fallacaro, Lili Jiang, Junyan Wu, Hong Jiang, Zhen Shi, Hong Ruan
BACKGROUND: Numerous nurses work in operating rooms and recovery rooms or participate in the performance of anaesthesia in China. However, the scope of practice and the education for Chinese Anaesthesia Nurses is not standardized, varying from one geographic location to another. Furthermore, most nurses are not trained sufficiently to provide anaesthesia care. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to develop the first Anaesthesia Nurse Education Program in Mainland China based on the Educational Standards of the International Federation of Nurse Anaesthetists...
June 4, 2017: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599728/at-the-post-anaesthesia-care-unit
#14
Isabelle Clavagnier
Pierre is assigned to the Post-operational Recovery room. The care team comprises two anaesthetic nurses, a trainee anaesthetic nurse, a qualified registered nurse, and a healthcare assistant. In addition, an anaesthetist is available to intervene at any time.
June 2017: Revue de L'infirmière
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588961/lasting-impact-insights-from-a-surgical-mission-based-mentoring-training-programme-in-the-republic-of-congo
#15
Michelle White, Kristin Close
The global shortage of surgeons, anaesthetists and obstetricians is significant, especially in low and middle income countries (LMICs). A significant amount of LMIC surgical volume is provided by surgical missions and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) who are often well resourced, making them ideal environments for training. However, there are few publications addressing how to train in this setting, or the long-term impact of such training. Mercy Ships operates the largest non-governmental hospital ship in the world, the Africa Mercy, serving LMICs at the invitation of their President by providing free surgery and training for the surgical workforce...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585391/understanding-mortality-rates-after-hip-fracture-repair-using-asa-physical-status-in-the-national-hip-fracture-database
#16
A Johansen, C Tsang, C Boulton, R Wakeman, I Moppett
Hip fracture is the most common reason for older patients to need emergency anaesthesia and surgery. Up to one-third of patients die in the year after hip fracture, but this view of outcome may encourage therapeutic nihilism in peri-operative decisions and discussions. We used a multicentre national dataset to examine relative and absolute mortality rates for patients presenting with hip fracture, stratified by ASA physical status. We analysed ASA physical status, dates of surgery, death and hospital discharge for 59,369 out of 64,864 patients in the 2015 National Hip Fracture Database; 3914 (6...
June 6, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585304/an-analysis-of-the-delivery-of-anaesthetic-training-sessions-in-the-united-kingdom
#17
A Green, K C Tatham, S M Yentis, J Wilson, M Cox
We analysed data from the electronic rota system CLWRota, covering 2,689,962 anaesthetic sessions between 01/01/2014 and 31/12/2015, in 91 UK Trusts, in order to investigate trainees' supervision. There were 8209 trainee attachments analysed, during which 618,695 sessions were undertaken by trainees. The number of supervised sessions per week that trainees worked varied considerably (median (IQR [range]) 2.6 (1.6-3.6 [0-10]) for all grades combined), with senior trainees more likely than junior trainees to be supervised for fewer than the three sessions per week mandated by the Royal College of Anaesthetists...
June 6, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580651/data-fabrication-and-other-reasons-for-non-random-sampling-in-5087-randomised-controlled-trials-in-anaesthetic-and-general-medical-journals
#18
J B Carlisle
Randomised, controlled trials have been retracted after publication because of data fabrication and inadequate ethical approval. Fabricated data have included baseline variables, for instance, age, height or weight. Statistical tests can determine the probability of the distribution of means, given their standard deviation and the number of participants in each group. Randomised, controlled trials have been retracted after the data distributions have been calculated as improbable. Most retracted trials have been written by anaesthetists and published by specialist anaesthetic journals...
June 4, 2017: Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573656/objective-neuromuscular-monitoring-of-neuromuscular-blockade-in-denmark-an-online-based-survey-of-current-practice
#19
C M Söderström, K Z Eskildsen, M R Gätke, A K Staehr-Rye
BACKGROUND: Neuromuscular blocking agents are commonly used during general anaesthesia but can lead to postoperative residual neuromuscular blockade and associated morbidity. With appropriate objective neuromuscular monitoring (objNMM) residual blockade can be avoided. In this survey, we investigated the use of objNMM in Denmark. METHODS: We conducted an anonymous Internet-based survey distributed through e-mails to Danish public anaesthesia departments. The survey consisted of 15-17 short questions regarding the use of objNMM...
July 2017: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545941/sevoflurane-anaesthesia-for-nasal-surgery-in-a-patient-with-multiple-chemical-sensitivity
#20
M T Fernández Martín, J C Álvarez López
Multiple chemical sensitivity syndrome is a group of complex disorders that include psychiatric disorders, chronic fatigue and/or respiratory problems. This syndrome could be triggered by specific allergens and toxins that cause neurophysiological sensitization and the appearance of the clinical symptomatology. Anaesthesia for these patients always poses a challenge for the anaesthetist, because they need to find and use drugs that do not trigger or aggravate the symptoms of the disease. Therefore, sevoflurane in these circumstances might be "the ideal anaesthetic"...
May 22, 2017: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
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