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Esra Kaya, Neşe Yılmaz Tuncel, Necati Barış Tuncel
Turkish noodles (erişte) were substituted with green lentil ( Lens culinaris ), red lentil ( L. culinaris ), faba bean ( Vicia faba ), and pea ( Pisum sativum ) hulls at the level of 2.5, 5, and 10% and the effects of the substitution on proximate composition, mineral composition, colour, cooking properties, thiamine and riboflavin contents, texture and sensory properties of the noodles were investigated. Crude ash, dietary fibre, Ca and Mg contents of the noodles significantly increased with pulse hull substitution regardless of the hull type compared to control...
May 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
Jessica Jarick Metcalfe, Darin Leonard
Unhealthy dietary intake among American children and adults is of great concern to public health practitioners, nutritional scientists, and child development experts. Cooking skills are related to healthier dietary intake among Americans of all ages, but remain a substantial barrier for many parents who want to serve healthy meals for their families at home. Culinary education interventions are effective solutions for many parents who do not know how to cook, but issues with participation bias mean that these programs are not effective solutions for all individuals...
April 12, 2018: Physiology & Behavior
Chih-Yuan Ko, Xiao-Yu Chen, Wen-Chang Chang, Yi-Ming Zeng, Ru-Hai Lin, Xiao-Bin Zhang, James Swi-Bea Wu, Szu-Chuan Shen
BACKGROUND: Marinating meat with alcohol, such as wine and beer, is a common culinary practice in cultures worldwide. This study we use a model marination solution comprising 0.2 M glucose-0.2 M glycine buffered to pH 4.3 containing either 0% or 50% ethanol and mimicked the cooking process by heating for 12 h. Antioxidative and antimutagenic characteristics of Maillard reaction products (MRPs) were investigated. Reducing power, antioxidant activity (Fe2+ chelating ability) and free radical neutralization ability generated from DPPH and ABTS were determined...
April 12, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
Iveta Bartoňková, Zdeněk Dvořák
Essential oils (EOs) of culinary herbs and spices are consumed on a daily basis. They are multicomponent mixtures of compounds with already demonstrated biological activities. Taking into account regular dietary intake and the chemical composition of EOs, they may be considered as candidates for endocrine-disrupting entities. Therefore, we examined the effects of 31 EOs of culinary herbs and spices on transcriptional activities of glucocorticoid receptor (GR), androgen receptor (AR) and vitamin D receptor (VDR)...
April 9, 2018: Food & Function
Jun-Hui Choi, Kyung-Je Kim, Seung Kim
We purified Lentinus edodes GNA01 fibrinolytic enzyme (LEFE) and identified it as a novel metalloprotease. LEFE was purified to homogeneity through a 2-step procedure, with an 8.28-fold increase in specific activity and 5.3% recovery. The molecular mass of LEFE was approximately 38 kDa, based on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Its optimal pH, optimal temperature, pH stability, and thermal stability were 5, 30°C, 6-7, and 40°C, respectively. LEFE was inhibited by zinc and magnesium ions, and by EDTA and EGTA, indicating that LEFE is a metalloprotease...
2018: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Tiane C Finimundy, Gustavo Scola, Fernando J Scariot, Aldo J P Dillon, Sidnei Moura, Sérgio Echeverrigaray, João Pegas Henriques, Mariana Roesch-Ely
Cumulative evidence from research studies has shown that the shiitake culinary-medicinal mushroom, Lentinus edodes, is an excellent source of natural antitumor agents and is capable of inhibiting cancer cell growth. However, the cell signaling pathway that leads tumor cells to apoptosis is not well understood because many chemical compounds may be acting. This study investigated the chemopreventive effects of an L. edodes aqueous extract on human HEp-2 epithelial larynx carcinoma cells and normal human MRC-5 lung fibroblasts by identifying proliferative and apoptotic pathways...
2018: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
Nicha Wongjarupong, Gabriela M Negron-Ocasio, Roongruedee Chaiteerakij, Benyam D Addissie, Essa A Mohamed, Kristin C Mara, William S Harmsen, J Paul Theobald, Brian E Peters, Joseph G Balsanek, Melissa M Ward, Nasra H Giama, Sudhakar K Venkatesh, Denise M Harnois, Michael R Charlton, Hiroyuki Yamada, Alicia Algeciras-Schimnich, Melissa R Snyder, Terry M Therneau, Lewis R Roberts
AIM: To assess the performance of BALAD, BALAD-2 and their component biomarkers in predicting outcome of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients after liver transplant. METHODS: BALAD score and BALAD-2 class are derived from bilirubin, albumin, alpha-fetoprotein (AFP), Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive AFP (AFP-L3), and des-gamma-carboxyprothrombin (DCP). Pre-transplant AFP, AFP-L3 and DCP were measured in 113 patients transplanted for HCC from 2000 to 2008. Hazard ratios (HR) for recurrence and death were calculated...
March 28, 2018: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Li Yang, Kui-Shan Wen, Xiao Ruan, Ying-Xian Zhao, Feng Wei, Qiang Wang
Plant secondary metabolites (SMs) are not only a useful array of natural products but also an important part of plant defense system against pathogenic attacks and environmental stresses. With remarkable biological activities, plant SMs are increasingly used as medicine ingredients and food additives for therapeutic, aromatic and culinary purposes. Various genetic, ontogenic, morphogenetic and environmental factors can influence the biosynthesis and accumulation of SMs. According to the literature reports, for example, SMs accumulation is strongly dependent on a variety of environmental factors such as light, temperature, soil water, soil fertility and salinity, and for most plants, a change in an individual factor may alter the content of SMs even if other factors remain constant...
March 27, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Carlos Polanco, Luis E Sáenz de Miera, Kirstin Bett, Marcelino Pérez de la Vega
Powdery mildew is a widespread fungal plant disease that can cause significant losses in many crops. Some MLO genes (Mildew resistance locus O) have proved to confer a durable resistance to powdery mildew in several species. Resistance granted by the MLO gene family members has prompted an increasing interest in characterizing these genes and implementing their use in plant breeding. Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) is a widely grown food legume almost exclusively consumed as dry seed with an average world production of 4...
2018: PloS One
C Cardoso, I Bernardo, N M Bandarra, L Louro Martins, C Afonso
This study aimed to assess the risk-benefit balance associated to fish consumption by Portuguese preschool children. For this purpose, databases (from IPMA and literature) were mined and mathematically processed by a model based on the Extreme Value Theory assuming consumption scenarios. Eicosapentaenoic (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and selenium (Se) and methylmercury (MeHg) were selected as critical components of fish, given their health impact and significant contents in some fish species. Assessment also took into account that Se may protect against MeHg toxicity...
March 19, 2018: Food and Chemical Toxicology
Germana Giuggioli, Alberto Olivastri, Luca Pennisi, Domenico Paludi, Adriana Ianieri, Alberto Vergara
The use of game meat as a food source is currently a growing trend in our country. These products have strong and historic ties with cultural and culinary tradition, but are also appreciated for their sensory and nutritional characteristics. A major contributor to the supply of this type of product is hunting. Practiced since the dawn of time for survival, hunting has evolved into a recreational activity with substantial commercial interests. Of particular importance in this context is hunting of large ungulates...
October 20, 2017: Italian Journal of Food Safety
Mohamed A Farag, Amira R Khattab, Anja Ehrlich, Matthias Kropf, Andreas G Heiss, Ludger A Wessjohann
Lens culinaris and several Lupinus species are two legumes regarded as potential protein resources aside from their richness in phytochemicals. Characterization of their metabolite composition is warranted as a sustainable functional food. This study presents a discriminatory-holistic approach for metabolites profiling in accessions of four lentil cultivars and four lupinus species via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. A total of 107 metabolites were identified encompassing organic and amino acids, sugars and sterols along with anti-nutrients viz...
March 21, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Rebecca L Hagedorn, Melissa D Olfert
In order to investigate the impact of food insecurity on college students in a highly health disparate region we (1) assessed the prevalence of food insecurity among young adults at a large, rural university in Appalachia, and (2) investigated the relationship between food insecurity and behavioral characteristics including academic performance, coping strategies, and money expenditure. A cross-sectional design was used to capture a representative sample of young adults attending a large, central Appalachian university in Fall 2016...
March 16, 2018: Nutrients
Sajitha Biju, Sigfredo Fuentes, Dorin Gupta
Lentil (Lens culinaris, Medik.) is an important legume crop, which often experience drought stress especially at the flowering and grain filling phenological stages. The availability of efficient and robust screening tools based on relevant non-destructive quantifiable traits would facilitate research on crop improvement for drought tolerance. The objective of this study was to evaluate the drought tolerance of 37 lentil genotypes using infrared thermal imaging (IRTI), drought tolerance parameters and multivariate data analysis...
March 8, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Noelia Urquiza-Salvat, Manrique Pascual-Geler, Olga Lopez-Guarnido, Lourdes Rodrigo, Alba Martinez-Burgos, Jose Manuel Cozar, Francisco Manuel Ocaña-Peinado, Maria Jesus Álvarez-Cubero, Ana Rivas
In Europe, countries following the traditional Mediterranean Diet (MeDi), particularly Southern European countries, have lower prostate cancer (PCa) incidence and mortality compared to other European regions. In the present study, we investigated the association between the MeDi and the relative risk of PCa and tumor aggressiveness in a Spanish population. Among individual score components, it has been found that subjects with PCa were less likely to consume olive oil as the main culinary fat, vegetables, fruits and fish than those without...
March 15, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
Furkhan Ahmed Mohammed, Ayman I Elkady, Fareeduddin Quadri Syed, Muqtadir Baig Mirza, Khalid Rehman Hakeem, Saleh Alkarim
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: The medicinal herb, Anethum graveolens L. (dill) is one of the potent culinary herbs used as an alternative form of medicine worldwide. The unguent topical Oil from the aerial parts of A. graveolens was found to be effective in the management of uterus cancer in ethnomedicine has been reported. BACKGROUND: The incidence and mortality rates of Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) are steadily rising worldwide, especially, in underdeveloped and developing countries...
March 9, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Bárbara Dos Santos Simões, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Isabela Judith Martins Benseñor, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce Bartholow Duncan, Vivian Cristine Luft, Maria Del Carmen Bisi Molina, Sandhi Maria Barreto, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Luana Giatti
The objective of the study was to estimate the contribution of ultra-processed foods to total caloric intake and investigate whether it differs according to socioeconomic position. We analyzed baseline data from the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health (ELSA-Brasil 2008-2010; N = 14.378) and data on dietary intake using a food frequency questionnaire, assigning it into three categories: unprocessed or minimally processed foods and processed culinary ingredients, processed foods, and ultra-processed foods...
March 5, 2018: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
Fabíola Helena Dos Santos Fogaça, Cristina Soares, Marta Oliveira, Ricardo N Alves, Ana L Maulvault, Vera L Barbosa, Patrícia Anacleto, João Avelar Magalhães, Narcisa M Bandarra, Maria João Ramalhosa, Simone Morais, António Marques
This work aimed to determine the effect of culinary practices on the contamination level and bioaccessibility of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in seafood. The selected farmed seafood species (marine shrimp, clams and seaweed) were commercially available in Portugal. The mean concentrations of PAHs varied between 0.23 and 51.8 µg kg-1 , with the lowest value being observed in raw shrimp and the highest in dried seaweed. The number of compounds detected in seaweed and clams (naphthalene, acenaphthene, fluorene, phenanthrene, benzo(b)fluoranthene and benzo(j)fluoranthene) were higher than in shrimp (fluorene and pyrene)...
February 27, 2018: Environmental Research
Seul A Seo, Bom Park, Eunson Hwang, Yu-Kyong Shin, Sang-Yong Park, Mengyang Zhang, Tae-Hoo Yi
Ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation is regarded as the main cause of skin photodamage. After exposure to UVB irradiation, collagen degradation is accelerated by upregulation of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), and collagen synthesis is decreased via downregulation of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 signaling. Borage officinalis L. (BO) is an annual herb with medicinal and culinary applications. Although BO has been demonstrated to have antioxidant and anti-inflammatory activities, its potential anti-photoaging effects have not been examined...
February 27, 2018: Experimental Gerontology
Deepak Kadam, Shanooba Palamthodi, S S Lele
Lepidium sativum is widely used as a culinary and medicinal herb and is claimed to cure many diseases. In this study, an attempt was made to investigate the biochemical composition and functional properties of L. sativum ethanolic extract. The extract contained a total phenolic content of 11.03 ± 0.75 (mg GAE/g dw plant material) and a flavonoid content of 4.79 ± 0.24 (mg QE/100 g dw plant material). Further, the extract was characterized by LC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS/MS profiling and the results showed that the ethanolic fraction contains many important phenolics such as Kaempferol, Coumaroylquinic acid, p -Coumaroyl glycolic acid, Caffeic acid...
March 2018: Journal of Food Science and Technology
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