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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227275/antioxidant-anti-inflammatory-activity-of-georgian-leguminous-crops-cultures
#1
I Chkhikvishvili, T Mamniashvili, N Gogia, M Enukidze, M Machavariani, T Sanikidze
The aim of the study was to identify the common in Georgia leguminous crops culture with pronounced antioxidant, anti-inflammatory activity. The primary evaluation of the antiinflammatory effects of beans was performed on the experimental models of MDCK and Jurkat cells model systems. Extracts of various varieties of legumes (Beans "Kidney", Meadow beans, Beans Shulavera, Batumian beans, Beans "Udelebi", green peas, peas Shulavera, lentils Lens Culinaris, Soy) were added to the intact or incubated under oxidative stress conditions Jurkat and MDCK cells...
November 2017: Georgian Medical News
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207708/in-vitro-anti-cariogenic-plaque-effects-of-essential-oils-extracted-from-culinary-herbs
#2
Kornsit Wiwattanarattanabut, Suwan Choonharuangdej, Theerathavaj Srithavaj
Introduction: Cariogenic bacteria including mutans streptococci and lactobacilli are partly but significantly involved in dental caries development. An effective prevention strategy against dental caries is to decrease the accumulation of this microbiota either in planktonic or in biofilm form. Aim: To examine the antimicrobial and anti-plaque effects of some culinary herbs (spices), so the herbs are plausibly used as alternative and effective herbal plaque control supplements to promote good oral health...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199585/optimization-of-submerged-cultivation-conditions-for-production-of-big-cup-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-clitocybe-maxima-agaricomycetes-biomass-with-significant-antioxidative-and-antihyperlipidemic-activities
#3
Shu-Hui Hu, Ker-Shew Chen, Ming-Yi Liu, Peter Chi Keung Cheung, Jinn-Chyi Wang, Sue-Joan Chang
In this study, a large Clitocybe maxima mycelium biomass was obtained by submerged cultivation under optimal conditions. Three test samples from lyophilized mycelia, including hot water extract (CW) and elutes from solvents with different polarity (CA and CB), were combined and used to explore antioxidant and antihyper-lipidemic activities in vitro and in vivo. The CA group showed the highest DPPH free radical scavenging activity and iron-reducing capability at concentrations of 6.0% and 3.0% (w/v), respectively...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199574/immunoreactivity-of-the-cold-water-extract-of-royal-sun-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-agaricus-brasiliensis-strain-ka21-agaricomycetes-assessed-by-immunoglobulin-preparations-for-intravenous-injection
#4
Katsuya Tajima, Masuro Motoi, Akitomo Motoi, Daisuke Yamanaka, Ken-Ichi Ishibashi, Yoshiyuki Adachi, Naohito Ohno
The royal sun medicinal mushroom, Agaricus brasiliensis, is a health food material that helps to improve quality of life. A. brasiliensis has long been used as a tea by extraction with cold and hot water. Our group has been investigating the immunopharmacological activities of the A. brasiliensis KA21 strain, which is cultivated outdoors. We prepared cold water (AgCWE) and hot water (AgHWE) extracts of this strain. AgCWE contained a larger proportion of proteins, including enzymes, and showed a brownish color during the extraction process...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199571/genotoxicity-and-single-treatment-toxicity-evaluation-of-mycoleptodonoides-aitchisonii-agaricomycetes-water-extract
#5
Soon-Young Lee, Dae-Hun Park, Ji-Young Kim, Young-Ju Lee, Deuk-Sil Oh, Mi-Ae Bang, Joung-Wook Seo
Mushrooms have long been used worldwide for culinary and medicinal purposes because of their various nutrients and active constituents. The safety of mushrooms as a culinary ingredient requires validation. Although Mycoleptodonoides aitchisonii has long been used for culinary purposes in East Asia, it has not been authorized by a regulatory agency. In this study we conducted genotoxicity and single-treatment toxicity tests according to the guidelines of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199563/structural-characteristics-of-the-novel-polysaccharide-fvpa1-from-winter-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-flammulina-velutipes-agaricomycetes-capable-of-enhancing-natural-killer-cell-activity-against-k562-tumor-cells
#6
Wei Jia, Jie Feng, Jing-Song Zhang, Chi-Chung Lin, Wen-Han Wang, Hong-Ge Chen
FVPA1, a novel polysaccharide, has been isolated from fruiting bodies of the culinary-medicinal mushroom Flammulina velutipes, a historically popular, widely cultivated and consumed functional food with an attractive taste, beneficial nutraceutical properties such as antitumor and immunomodulatory effects, and a number of essential biological activities. The average molecular weight was estimated to be ~1.8 × 104 Da based on high-performance size exclusion chromatography. Sugar analyses, methylation analyses, and 1H, 13C, and 2-dimensional nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy revealed the following structure of the repeating units of the FVPA1 polysaccharide Identification of this structure would conceivably lead to better understanding of the nutraceutical functions of this very important edible fungus...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199555/immune-stimulating-effects-of-mycoleptodonoides-aitchisonii-agaricomycetes-water-extract-via-tnf-%C3%AE-and-ifn-%C3%AE
#7
Hong De Xu, Seung-Sik Cho, Soon-Young Lee, Deuk-Sil Oh, Seung-Kil Lim, Dae-Hun Park
Mycoleptodonoides aitchisonii has been used as culinary material in East Asia. We previously reported the antiasthmatic effect of M. aitchisonii; in this study we evaluated the mushroom's immune-stimulating effects. To analyze these effects, we conducted an in vitro study with splenocytes and an in vivo study with the Porsolt enforced swim test. In the in vitro study, the cell proliferation effect of the M. aitchisonii water extract (WT) was measured and the in vivo study depended on the dose of M. aitchisonii WT and the effect on swimming duration; several immune reaction-related factors were assessed, such as white blood cell count, differential cell count, the ratio of thymus or spleen weight to body weight, and concentrations of some cytokines in serum...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199552/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antitumoral-activity-of-exobiopolymers-from-the-royal-sun-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-agaricus-brasiliensis-agaricomycetes
#8
Vanessa Sovrani, Juliana da Rosa, Mariana de Paula Drewinski, Franciely Grose Colodi, Tânia Toyomi Tominaga, Herta Stutz Dalla Santa, Rosilene Rebeca
We studied antitumor activity in vitro and in vivo and partial chemical characterization of exobiopolymers (EBPs) of Agaricus brasiliensis produced by submerged cultivation. The EBPs comprised 61.2% total sugar and 22.3% total protein, and the chromatographic profile mainly identified mannose (65.5%), galactose (17.5%), and glucose (13.1%). In vitro analysis revealed a dose with antitumor effectiveness, time-dependent treatment, and 46% inhibition of solid Walker 256 tumors in rats. Metabolic changes were significant in the spleens of the animals; this is possibly related to higher immune activity triggered by the presence of EBPs in the treated group...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199551/royal-sun-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-agaricus-brasiliensis-agaricomycetes-supplement-in-training-capacity-improvement-parameters
#9
Flávio F Silva, Guilherme A C de Oliveira, Hugo C Martins Costa, Wiliam C B Regis
People seek a greater quality of life and healthy aging that culminates in improved self-esteem and vitality in the performance of daily activities; this is generating a growing number of people enrolled in gyms in search of quick results. However, this training can result in physical and metabolic damage. During physical exercise, under conditions of oxidative stress, changes take place that lead to the onset of fatigue. The Agaricus brasiliensis mushroom is native to Brazil and has therapeutic potential, with widely studied antioxidant and immunomodulatory capabilities...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196013/the-potential-of-herbs-and-spices-to-reduce-lipid-oxidation-during-heating-and-gastrointestinal-digestion-of-a-beef-product
#10
T Van Hecke, P L Ho, S Goethals, S De Smet
Here we tested the potential of ten culinary herbs (basil, oregano, rosemary and thyme) and spices (black pepper, cayenne pepper, cumin, curcuma, garlic and sweet paprika) to limit oxidation during cooking of a high-fat beef product, and during its subsequent in vitro gastrointestinal digestion. The herbs and spices were added separately at 0.5% and 1% (w/w), either during meat processing before heating of the product or after heating of the meat as a seasoning. Lipid oxidation was evaluated by malondialdehyde, 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal and hexanal quantification in the meat products and gastrointestinal digests...
December 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193069/the-flexitarian-flip%C3%A2-testing-the-modalities-of-flavor-as-sensory-strategies-to-accomplish-the-shift-from-meat-centered-to-vegetable-forward-mixed-dishes
#11
Molly Spencer, Jean-Xavier Guinard
The American diet is lacking in plant-based foods and vegetables, higher in protein than necessary, and too centered on meat and poultry. Two major dietary shifts recommended by the 2015-2020 U.S. Dietary Guidelines are to increase vegetable intake and to increase the variety of protein food sources. One suggested strategy for doing this is to partially replace meat and poultry with vegetables and plant-based ingredients in mixed dishes. This research tested the potential of flavor modalities (taste, aroma, trigeminal, and their combination) as strategies to increase the sensory appeal of plant-forward dishes...
November 28, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191726/essential-oils-of-culinary-herbs-and-spices-display-agonist-and-antagonist-activities-at-human-aryl-hydrocarbon-receptor-ahr
#12
Iveta Bartoňková, Zdeněk Dvořák
Essential oils (EOs) of culinary herbs and spices are used to flavor, color and preserve foods and drinks. Dietary intake of EOs is significant, deserving an attention of toxicologists. We examined the effects of 31 EOs of culinary herbs and spices on the transcriptional activity of human aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AhR), which is a pivotal xenobiotic sensor, having also multiple roles in human physiology. Tested EOs were sorted out into AhR-inactive ones (14 EOs) and AhR-active ones, including full agonists (cumin, jasmine, vanilla, bay leaf), partial agonists (cloves, dill, thyme, nutmeg, oregano) and antagonists (tarragon, caraway, turmeric, lovage, fennel, spearmint, star anise, anise)...
November 27, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171640/nutritional-supplements-in-anxiety-disorder
#13
Mónica Fernández-Rodríguez, Isabel Rodríguez-Legorburu, María I López-Ibor Alcocer
In recent years, a direct relation between the occurrence of anxiety disorders, sleep disturbances, and mood disorders has been observed as a consequence of poor or inadequate diet. Eating habits in Western societies have greatly changed in recent decades, with an increase in the consumption of foods low in vitamin and mineral content, high in caloric value, and rapidly prepared and easily consumed. It may be that the new lifestyles that directly affect family organization and planning interfere with following a proper diet...
September 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161321/association-mapping-unveils-favorable-alleles-for-grain-iron-and-zinc-concentrations-in-lentil-lens-culinaris-subsp-culinaris
#14
Akanksha Singh, Vinay Sharma, Harsh Kumar Dikshit, Muraleedhar Aski, Harish Kumar, Nepolean Thirunavukkarasu, Basavanagouda S Patil, Shiv Kumar, Ashutosh Sarker
Lentil is a major cool-season grain legume grown in South Asia, West Asia, and North Africa. Populations in developing countries of these regions have micronutrient deficiencies; therefore, breeding programs should focus more on improving the micronutrient content of food. In the present study, a set of 96 diverse germplasm lines were evaluated at three different locations in India to examine the variation in iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) concentration and identify simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers that associate with the genetic variation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159015/meals-for-good-an-innovative-community-project-to-provide-healthy-meals-to-children-in-early-care-and-education-programs-through-food-bank-catering
#15
Leah R Carpenter, Teresa M Smith, Katherine Stern, Lisa Weissenburger-Moser Boyd, Cristy Geno Rasmussen, Kelly Schaffer, Julie Shuell, Karen Broussard, Amy L Yaroch
Innovative approaches to childhood obesity prevention are warranted in early care and education (ECE) settings, since intervening early among youth is recommended to promote and maintain healthy behaviors. The objective of the Meals for Good pilot was to explore feasibility of implementing a food bank-based catering model to ECE programs to provide more nutritious meals, compared to meals brought from home (a parent-prepared model). In 2014-2015, a 12-month project was implemented by a food bank in central Florida in four privately-owned ECE programs...
December 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152187/genetic-diversity-population-structure-and-traditional-culture-of-camellia-reticulata
#16
Tong Xin, Weijuan Huang, Jan De Riek, Shuang Zhang, Selena Ahmed, Johan Van Huylenbroeck, Chunlin Long
Camellia reticulata is an arbor tree that has been cultivated in southwestern China by various sociolinguistic groups for esthetic purposes as well as to derive an edible seed oil. This study examined the influence of management, socio-economic factors, and religion on the genetic diversity patterns of Camellia reticulata utilizing a combination of ethnobotanical and molecular genetic approaches. Semi-structured interviews and key informant interviews were carried out with local communities in China's Yunnan Province...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146316/comparative-evaluation-of-three-different-elisa-assays-and-hplc-esi-itms-ms-for-the-analysis-of-n-%C3%AE%C2%B5-carboxymethyl-lysine-in-food-samples
#17
Armando Gómez-Ojeda, Sarahi Jaramillo-Ortíz, Katarzyna Wrobel, Kazimierz Wrobel, Gloria Barbosa-Sabanero, Claudia Luevano-Contreras, Maria Pia de la Maza, Jaime Uribarri, Ma Dolores Del Castillo, Ma Eugenia Garay-Sevilla
N(ε)-carboxymethyl-lysine (CML) is measured in food, but there is a controversy concerning the most convenient yet reliable method(s) for this task. This work compares three different ELISA assays and HPLC-ESI-ITMS/MS for the analysis of CML in several food items. The four methods showed the same decreasing order of CML concentration: beef, bacon>chicken > fish>dairy products>grain products>fruits/vegetables. HPLC-ESI-ITMS/MS results highly correlated with those obtained by ELISA performed with monoclonal CML-antibody (β=0...
March 15, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142398/cytotoxic-antimitotic-and-antiproliferation-studies-on-rasam-a-south-indian-traditional-functional-food
#18
Agilandeswari Devarajan, M K Mohan Maruga Raja
Background: Rasam is a traditional South Indian food, prepared using tamarind juice as a base, with a variety of spices. Rasam, with all its ingredients medicinally claimed for various ailments, is a functional food. Systematic consumption of traditional functional food provides an excellent preventive measure to ward off many diseases. Objective: To study rasam for cytotoxic, antimitotic, and antiproliferation potential beyond its culinary and nutritional effect...
October 2017: Pharmacognosy Magazine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125863/lectins-identify-distinct-populations-of-coelomocytes-in-strongylocentrotus-purpuratus
#19
Wen-Yun Liao, Sebastian D Fugmann
Coelomocytes represent the immune cells of echinoderms, but detailed knowledge about their roles during immune responses is very limited. One major challenge for studying coelomocyte biology is the lack of reagents to identify and purify distinct populations defined by objective molecular markers rather than by morphology-based classifications that are subjective at times. Glycosylation patterns are known to differ significantly between cell types in vertebrates, and furthermore they can vary depending on the developmental stage and activation states within a given lineage...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125648/pharmacological-effects-of-zataria-multiflora-boiss-l-and-its-constituents-focus-on-their-anti-inflammatory-antioxidant-and-immunomodulatory-effects
#20
REVIEW
Mohammad Reza Khazdair, Vahideh Ghorani, Azam Alavinezhad, Mohammad Hossein Boskabady
Zataria multiflora Boiss (Z. multiflora) belongs to the Lamiaceae family, is used traditionally for culinary and medicinal purposes. Different pharmacological effects have been described for the plant including; bronchodilation, vasodilation and effect on lung inflammation. The plant is also used as a remedy against cough in the traditional medicine. In this article, "pharmacological effects of Z. multiflora and its constituents focusing on their anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and immunomodulatory properties were reviewed" by searching various databases until "June" 2016...
November 10, 2017: Fundamental & Clinical Pharmacology
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