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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455393/mangiferin-inhibits-cell-migration-and-invasion-through-rac1-wave2-signalling-in-breast-cancer
#1
Qing Deng, Yan-Xiao Tian, JianJun Liang
Breast tumour progression results from the advancement of the disease to a metastatic phenotype. Rac1 and Cdc42 belong to the Rho family of genes that, together with their downstream effectors, Wiskott-Aldrich Syndrome protein-family verprolin-homologous protein 2 (WAVE2) and Arp2/3, assume a vital part in cytoskeletal rearrangement and the arrangement of film projections that advance malignant cell relocation and invasion. Mangiferin is a characteristic polyphenolic compound from Mangifera indica L. (Anacardiaceae), ordinarily referred to as mango, that is consumed worldwide as a natural product, including culinary and seasoning applications...
February 17, 2018: Cytotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450411/revalorization-of-wild-asparagus-stipularis-forssk-as-a-traditional-vegetable-with-nutritional-and-functional-properties
#2
Khaoula Adouni, Hassiba Chahdoura, Habib Mosbah, Celestino Santos-Buelga, Ana M González-Paramás, María Ciudad-Mulero, Ângela Fernandes, Ricardo C Calhelha, Patricia Morales, Guido Flamini, Isabel C F R Ferreira, Lotfi Achour
The nutritional values and phytochemical composition of young shoots of wild Asparagus stipularis Forssk. from Tunisia were determined in this study. The antioxidant (tested by four different in vitro assays) and antiproliferative properties (against human tumour cell lines) of aqueous and hydroalcoholic extracts of the young shoots were also investigated. The obtained results indicated that the young shoots are a potential source of valuable nutrients and dietary fiber, and their hydroalcoholic extract showed marked antioxidant and antiproliferative activities in all tested assays...
February 16, 2018: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448760/identification-of-new-compounds-from-sage-flowers-salvia-officinalis-l-as-markers-for-quality-control-and-the-influence-of-the-manufacturing-technology-on-the-chemical-composition-and-antibacterial-activity-of-sage-flower-extracts
#3
Sebastian Gericke, Tilo Lübken, Diana Wolf, Martin Kaiser, Christian Hannig, Karl Speer
Parts of Salvia species such as its flowers and leaves are currently used as a culinary herb and for some medicinal applications. To distinguish the different sage extracts it is necessary to analyze their individual chemical compositions. Their characteristic compounds might be established as markers to differentiate between sage flowers and leaf extracts or to determine the manufacturing technology and storage conditions. Tri-p-coumaroylspermidine can be detected only in flowers and has been described here for Salvia and Lavandula species for the first time...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444678/the-wild-taxa-utilized-as-vegetables-in-sicily-italy-a-traditional-component-of-the-mediterranean-diet
#4
Anna Geraci, Filippo Amato, Giuseppe Di Noto, Giuseppe Bazan, Rosario Schicchi
BACKGROUND: Wild vegetables in the Mediterranean Basin are still often consumed as a part of the diet and, in particular, there is a great tradition regarding their use in Sicily. In this study, an ethnobotanical field investigation was carried out to (a) identify the wild native taxa traditionally gathered and consumed as vegetables in Sicily, comparing the collected ethnobotanical data with those of other countries that have nominated the Mediterranean diet for inclusion in the UNESCO Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity and (b) highlight new culinary uses of these plants...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433220/coriander-coriandrum-sativum-a-promising-functional-food-toward-the-well-being
#5
REVIEW
Veda Prachayasittikul, Supaluk Prachayasittikul, Somsak Ruchirawat, Virapong Prachayasittikul
Coriandrum sativum (C. sativum) or coriander is one of the most popularly used spices in culinary worldwide, and its medicinal values has been recognized since ancient time. C. sativum contains bioactive phytochemicals that are accounted for a wide range of biological activities including antioxidant, anticancer, neuroprotective, anxiolytic, anticonvulsant, analgesic, migraine-relieving, hypolipidemic, hypoglycemic, hypotensive, antimicrobial, and antiinflammatory activities. The major compound, linalool, abundantly found in seeds is remarked for its abilities to modulate many key pathogenesis pathways of diseases...
March 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408310/phytochemical-characterization-biological-activity-evaluation-of-ethanolic-extract-of-cinnamomum-zeylanicum-and-molecular-docking-analysis-of-active-component-cinnamaldehyde-against-selected-protein-targets
#6
Ishrat Husain, Rumana Ahmad, Anu Chandra, Syed Tasleem Raza, Yogeshwer Shukla, Farzana Mahdi
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: India being a multicultural nation, every region of the country offers a distinct culinary flavor and taste. These flavours are attributed to spices and condiments which form the mainstay of Indian cuisine. Most of these spices and condiments are derived from various biodiversity hotspots in India and form the crux of India's multidiverse and multicultural cuisine. Apart from their varying aromas, flavors and tastes, these spices and condiments are known to possess several medicinal properties also...
February 2, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405040/phytochemical-composition-biological-potential-and-enzyme-inhibition-activity-of-scandix-pecten-veneris-l
#7
Abdul Wahab, Syed Aleem Jan, Abdur Rauf, Zia Ur Rehman, Zahid Khan, Aftab Ahmed, Fatima Syed, Sher Zaman Safi, Hamayun Khan, Muhammad Imran
OBJECTIVE: Scandix pecten-veneris L. is a less studied wild edible herb and is considered an extinct plant species in many parts of the world. This study was designed to evaluate its phytochemical composition and biological potential of S. pecten-veneris L. METHODS: Phytochemicals including alkaloids, flavonoids, polyphenols, and tannins were determined in extracts of S. pecten-veneris. Antioxidant activity was determined using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), while reducing power was tested by ferric reducing/antioxidant power (FRAP) assay...
2018: Journal of Zhejiang University. Science. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397710/analysis-of-umami-taste-compounds-in-a-fermented-corn-sauce-by-means-of-sensory-guided-fractionation
#8
Joséphine Charve, Sonia Manganiello, Arne Glabasnia
Corn sauce, an ingredient obtained from the fermentation of enzymatically hydrolyzed corn starch and used in culinary applications to provide savory taste, was investigated in this study. The links between its sensory properties and taste compounds were assessed using a combination of analytical and sensory approaches. The analyses revealed that glutamic acid, sodium chloride, and acetic acid were the most abundant compounds but they could not explain entirely the savory taste. The addition of other compounds, found at sub-threshold concentrations (alanine, glutamyl peptides and one Amadori compound), contributed partly to close the sensory gap between the re-engineered sample and the original product...
February 3, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29393867/tulbaghia-violacea-and-allium-ursinum-extracts-exhibit-anti-parasitic-and-antimicrobial-activities
#9
Sonja Krstin, Mansour Sobeh, Markus Santhosh Braun, Michael Wink
Garlic has played an important role in culinary arts and remedies in the traditional medicine throughout human history. Parasitic infections represent a burden in the society of especially poor countries, causing more than 1 billion infections every year and leading to around one million deaths. In this study, we investigated the mode of anti-parasitic activity of "wild garlics" Tulbaghia violacea and Allium ursinum dichloromethane extracts against parasites Trypanosoma brucei brucei and Leishmania tarentolae with regard to their already known antimicrobial activity...
February 2, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389608/nutrigenomic-studies-on-hilsa-to-evaluate-flesh-quality-attributes-and-genes-associated-with-fatty-acid-metabolism-from-the-rivers-hooghly-and-padma
#10
Satabdi Ganguly, Arabinda Mahanty, Tandrima Mitra, Sasmita Mohanty, Basanta Kumar Das, Bimal Prasanna Mohanty
The Indian shad hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha), a commercially important food fish rich in oils, enjoys high consumer preference in the South Asian countries owing to its unique flavour and culinary properties. The present study was undertaken with the primary objective of determining the flesh quality attributes of hilsa in terms of nutritive value (gross chemical composition, amino acid, fatty acid and mineral composition), pH, water holding capacity (WHC) and expression of genes associated with fatty acid metabolism and flesh quality...
January 2018: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385986/transcriptome-profiling-of-lentil-lens-culinaris-through-the-first-24-hours-of-ascochyta-lentis-infection-reveals-key-defence-response-genes
#11
Mahsa Khorramdelazad, Ido Bar, Paul Whatmore, Gabrielle Smetham, Vijay Bhaaskaria, Yuedong Yang, Shahla Hosseini Bai, Nitin Mantri, Yaoqi Zhou, Rebecca Ford
BACKGROUND: Ascochyta blight, caused by the fungus Ascochyta lentis, is one of the most destructive lentil diseases worldwide, resulting in over $16 million AUD annual loss in Australia alone. The use of resistant cultivars is currently considered the most effective and environmentally sustainable strategy to control this disease. However, little is known about the genes and molecular mechanisms underlying lentil resistance against A. lentis. RESULTS: To uncover the genetic basis of lentil resistance to A...
January 31, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29385084/viewpoint-a-contributory-role-of-shell-ginger-alpinia-zerumbet-pers-b-l-burtt-r-m-sm-for-human-longevity-in-okinawa-japan
#12
Rolf Teschke, Tran Dang Xuan
The longevity of the population in the Okinawa Islands of Japan has been ascribed to genetic factors and the traditional Okinawa cuisine, which is low in calories and high in plant content. This diet includes shell ginger (Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L. Burtt & R.M. Sm) of the ginger family (Zingiberaceae). Due to its local popularity, Alpinia zerumbet has become the subject of a good deal of study at the University of the Ryukyus in Okinawa. Personal local experience and review of the literature now suggest that culinary shell ginger may contribute to longevity among the population in Okinawa...
January 31, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384596/eating-jellyfish-safety-chemical-and-sensory-properties
#13
António Raposo, Alice Coimbra, Luís Amaral, Amparo Gonçalves, Zilda Morais
BACKGROUND: People's preference for fish with a high trophic level, like Atlantic cod and tuna, leads to a large food footprint. Responsible seafood consumption should include underutilised local products; hence the culinary use of edible jellyfish can be an effective contribution. The present work focused on Catostylus tagi to contribute to the consumption of edible jellyfish in the west. RESULTS: A questionnaire conducted with 192 young people showed an interest in tasting jellyfish-based food (64...
January 31, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29382108/food-grade-synthesis-of-maillard-type-taste-enhancers-using-natural-deep-eutectic-solvents-nades
#14
Maximilian Kranz, Thomas Hofmann
The increasing demand for healthier food products, with reduced levels of table salt, sugar, and mono sodium glutamate, reinforce the need for novel taste enhancers prepared by means of food-grade kitchen-type chemistry. Although several taste modulating compounds have been discovered in processed foods, their Maillard-type ex food production is usually not exploited by industrial process reactions as the yields of target compounds typically do not exceed 1-2%. Natural deep eutectic solvents (NADES) are reported for the first time to significantly increase the yields of the taste enhancers 1-deoxy-ᴅ-fructosyl-N-β-alanyl-ʟ-histidine (49% yield), N-(1-methyl-4-oxoimidazolidin-2-ylidene) aminopropionic acid (54% yield) and N²-(1-carboxyethyl) guanosine 5'-monophosphate (22% yield) at low temperature (80-100 °C) within a maximum reaction time of 2 h...
January 28, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359442/transmitting-ainu-traditional-food-knowledge-from-mothers-to-their-daughters
#15
Masami Iwasaki-Goodman
Since 2004, research has been conducted in the Ainu Indigenous community of the Saru River Region of Biratori in Northern Japan examining traditional food use knowledge. The purpose was to improve the socio-cultural environment for the Ainu People by implementing interventions meant to reintroduce traditional Ainu food use, so that they can live with dignity and in harmony with non-Ainu people in the heterogeneous community where Japanese cultural values dominate. Ten years after the start of this research, a series of interviews was conducted with Ainu mothers and daughters active in the community to evaluate the result of the interventions because, in accordance with culturally established Ainu gender roles, the Ainu women prepare the Ainu dishes...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29359441/food-security-and-women-s-roles-in-moroccan-berber-amazigh-society-today
#16
Rekia Belahsen, Kaoutar Naciri, Abdennacer El Ibrahimi
Traditionally, the Berber diet was part of a semiautarkic economy. The suitability of the diet to the regional ecosystem has guaranteed food security for the Berber tribes of Morocco and other countries of North Africa. As part of a patriarchal model, Berber dietary patterns are historically embedded in a social system where women's and men's roles are complementary at all stages of food production, processing, and conservation. Women have played a dominant role in the conservation of Berber dietary patterns through the preservation of biodiverse seeds and local varieties, the transmission of the Berber language through generations, and the sharing of knowledge on food, medicinal plants, and cultural practices related to diet and food security...
November 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351563/a-consensus-linkage-map-of-lentil-based-on-dart-markers-from-three-ril-mapping-populations
#17
Duygu Ates, Secil Aldemir, Ahmad Alsaleh, Semih Erdogmus, Seda Nemli, Abdullah Kahriman, Hakan Ozkan, Albert Vandenberg, Bahattin Tanyolac
BACKGROUND: Lentil (Lens culinaris ssp. culinaris Medikus) is a diploid (2n = 2x = 14), self-pollinating grain legume with a haploid genome size of about 4 Gbp and is grown throughout the world with current annual production of 4.9 million tonnes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A consensus map of lentil (Lens culinaris ssp. culinaris Medikus) was constructed using three different lentils recombinant inbred line (RIL) populations, including "CDC Redberry" x "ILL7502" (LR8), "ILL8006" x "CDC Milestone" (LR11) and "PI320937" x "Eston" (LR39)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334897/the-genome-sequence-of-the-commercially-cultivated-mushroom-agrocybe-aegerita-reveals-a-conserved-repertoire-of-fruiting-related-genes-and-a-versatile-suite-of-biopolymer-degrading-enzymes
#18
Deepak K Gupta, Martin Rühl, Bagdevi Mishra, Vanessa Kleofas, Martin Hofrichter, Robert Herzog, Marek J Pecyna, Rahul Sharma, Harald Kellner, Florian Hennicke, Marco Thines
BACKGROUND: Agrocybe aegerita is an agaricomycete fungus with typical mushroom features, which is commercially cultivated for its culinary use. In nature, it is a saprotrophic or facultative pathogenic fungus causing a white-rot of hardwood in forests of warm and mild climate. The ease of cultivation and fructification on solidified media as well as its archetypal mushroom fruit body morphology render A. aegerita a well-suited model for investigating mushroom developmental biology. RESULTS: Here, the genome of the species is reported and analysed with respect to carbohydrate active genes and genes known to play a role during fruit body formation...
January 15, 2018: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325771/a-cross-cultural-study-of-acceptability-and-food-pairing-for-hot-sauces
#19
Hyun-Jee Kim, Seo-Jin Chung, Kwang-Ok Kim, Belinda Nielsen, Rie Ishii, Michael O'Mahony
This study was conducted to understand the acceptance levels of hot sauces among consumers from different culinary cultures. Two newly developed hot sauces [fermented red chili pepper with soybean-paste-based sauce(GS) and fermented red chili-pepper-based sauce(KS)] were compared with Tabasco sauce(TB) and Sriracha sauce(SR). Two separate cross-cultural home-use tests(HUTs) were conducted: pizza and cream soup were provided as food items in HUT 1, whereas grilled chicken wings and rice noodle soup were provided in HUT 2...
January 8, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320554/a-census-of-p-longum-s-phytochemicals-and-their-network-pharmacological-evaluation-for-identifying-novel-drug-like-molecules-against-various-diseases-with-a-special-focus-on-neurological-disorders
#20
Neha Choudhary, Vikram Singh
Piper longum (P. longum, also called as long pepper) is one of the common culinary herbs that has been extensively used as a crucial constituent in various indigenous medicines, specifically in traditional Indian medicinal system known as Ayurveda. For exploring the comprehensive effect of its constituents in humans at proteomic and metabolic levels, we have reviewed all of its known phytochemicals and enquired about their regulatory potential against various protein targets by developing high-confidence tripartite networks consisting of phytochemical-protein target-disease association...
2018: PloS One
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