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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730708/evaluation-of-the-hypocholesterolemic-effect-and-prebiotic-activity-of-a-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-extract
#1
Maria Vittoria Micioni Di Bonaventura, Cinzia Cecchini, Pilar Vila Donat, Giovanni Caprioli, Carlo Cifani, Maria Magdalena Coman, Alberto Cresci, Dennis Fiorini, Massimo Ricciutelli, Stefania Silvi, Sauro Vittori, Gianni Sagratini
SCOPE: the aim of our work was to produce a hydroalcoholic extract of lentils and to examine: a) the hypocholesterolemic action in an animal model, by studying the plasma cholesterol level and the concentration of bile acids in the faeces; b) the potential prebiotic effect, by conducting an in vitro culture fermentation experiment and assessing the level of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in the faeces of rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lentil extract (LE) was obtained by extracting lentils with a solution of H2 0/EtOH (70/30 v/v) for 3 h, and the content of main nutrients was determined...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724070/marker-trait-association-analysis-of-iron-and-zinc-concentration-in-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-seeds
#2
Hamid Khazaei, Rajib Podder, Carolyn T Caron, Shudhangshu S Kundu, Marwan Diapari, Albert Vandenberg, Kirstin E Bett
Lentil ( Medik.) seeds are relatively rich in iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn), making lentil a potential crop to aid in the global battle against human micronutrient deficiency. Understanding the genetic basis for uptake of seed Fe and Zn is required to increase sustainable concentrations of these minerals in seeds. The objectives of this study were to characterize genetic variation in seed Fe and Zn concentration and to identify molecular markers associated with these traits across diverse lentil accessions. A set of 138 cultivated lentil accessions from 34 countries were evaluated in four environments (2 sites × 2 yr) in Saskatchewan, Canada...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720941/chemical-composition-and-bioactivity-of-essential-oils-from-flower-and-fruit-of-thymbra-capitata-and-thymus-species
#3
Jonathan Delgado-Adámez, María Garrido, Maria Elena Bote, María C Fuentes-Pérez, Javier Espino, Daniel Martín-Vertedor
Thymbra capitata and Thymus species are commonly known as thyme in Spain and they are currently used as culinary herbs, as well as for ornamental, aromatizing and traditional medicinal purposes. Given the economic importance of thyme oils, many thyme species have been studied, and their essential oils (EOs) and other volatile-containing extracts have been chemically characterized. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities as well as the phytochemical composition of the EOs from fruits and flowers of T...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714425/the-share-of-ultra-processed-foods-determines-the-overall-nutritional-quality-of-diets-in-brazil
#4
Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Camila Zancheta Ricardo, Euridice Martinez Steele, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Geoffrey Cannon, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the dietary share of ultra-processed foods and to determine its association with the overall nutritional quality of diets in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Brazil. SUBJECTS: A representative sample of 32 898 Brazilians aged ≥10 years was studied. Food intake data were collected. We calculated the average dietary content of individual nutrients and compared them across quintiles of energy share of ultra-processed foods...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714422/household-availability-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-obesity-in-nineteen-european-countries
#5
Carlos Augusto Monteiro, Jean-Claude Moubarac, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Daniela Silva Canella, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Geoffrey Cannon
OBJECTIVE: To assess household availability of NOVA food groups in nineteen European countries and to analyse the association between availability of ultra-processed foods and prevalence of obesity. DESIGN: Ecological, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Europe. SUBJECTS: Estimates of ultra-processed foods calculated from national household budget surveys conducted between 1991 and 2008. Estimates of obesity prevalence obtained from national surveys undertaken near the budget survey time...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706526/molecular-breeding-for-ascochyta-blight-resistance-in-lentil-current-progress-and-future-directions
#6
REVIEW
Matthew S Rodda, Jennifer Davidson, Muhammad Javid, Shimna Sudheesh, Sara Blake, John W Forster, Sukhjiwan Kaur
Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) is a diploid (2n = 2x = 14), self-pollinating, cool-season, grain legume that is cultivated worldwide and is highly valuable due to its high protein content. However, lentil production is constrained by many factors including biotic stresses, majority of which are fungal diseases such as ascochyta blight (AB), fusarium wilt, rust, stemphylium blight, anthracnose, and botrytis gray mold. Among various diseases, AB is a major -problem in many lentil-producing countries and can significantly reduce crop production...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706348/a-methodological-approach-to-the-study-of-archaeological-cereal-meals-a-case-study-at-%C3%A3-atalh%C3%A3-y%C3%A3-k-east-turkey
#7
Lara González Carretero, Michèle Wollstonecroft, Dorian Q Fuller
This paper presents an integrated methodology for the analysis of archaeological remains of cereal meals, based on scanning electronic microscopic analyses of microstructures of charred food fragments from Neolithic Çatalhöyük (Turkey). The remains of cereal foods as 'bread-like' or 'porridge-like' small charred lumps of various amalgamated plant materials are frequently recovered from Neolithic and later archaeological sites in southwest Asia and Europe. Cereal food remains have recently attracted interest because the identification of their plant contents, the forms of food that they represent and the methods used in their creation can provide unique information about ancient culinary traditions and routine food processing, preparation and cooking techniques...
2017: Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699499/effectiveness-of-argan-oil-on-knee-osteoarthritis-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#8
Jamila Essouiri, Taoufik Harzy, Nadia Benaicha, Mourad Errasfa, Abourazzak Fatima Ezzahra
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common chronic degenerative disorder. It causes joints pain, walking difficulties and a decline of general physical function. Many pain drugs and treatment modalities can be prescribed for KOA. Among traditional medicine in Morocco, Argan oil has been used in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis to reduce pain and improve physical activity, though there have been no medical-based evidence for such treatment. Argan oil is known to have anti-oxidant and lipid modulatory properties due to its content of many substances, such as tocopherols, phytosterols, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids...
July 10, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693732/wheat-germ-agglutinin-and-lens-culinaris-agglutinin-sensitized-anisotropic-silver-nanoparticles-in-detection-of-bacteria-a-simple-photometric-assay
#9
Mariam V Mikaelyan, Gayane G Poghosyan, Olga D Hendrickson, Boris B Dzantiev, Vardan K Gasparyan
Efficacy of anisotropic silver nanoparticles sensitized with wheat germ agglutinin (WGA) and Lens culinaris agglutinin (LCA) was studied for detection of Staphylococcus aureus and Escherichia coli. It was demonstrated that interaction of these nanoparticles with bacteria stabilizes them and prevents their aggregation upon addition of sodium chloride; such stabilization depends on bacteria concentration. High concentration of bacteria results in higher stabilization whereas low concentration leads to aggregation of nanoparticles...
August 15, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678344/prebiotic-potential-and-chemical-composition-of-seven-culinary-spice-extracts
#10
Qing-Yi Lu, Paula H Summanen, Ru-Po Lee, Jianjun Huang, Susanne M Henning, David Heber, Sydney M Finegold, Zhaoping Li
The objective of this study was to investigate prebiotic potential, chemical composition, and antioxidant capacity of spice extracts. Seven culinary spices including black pepper, cayenne pepper, cinnamon, ginger, Mediterranean oregano, rosemary, and turmeric were extracted with boiling water. Major chemical constituents were characterized by RP-HPLC-DAD method and antioxidant capacity was determined by measuring colorimetrically the extent to scavenge ABTS radical cations. Effects of spice extracts on the viability of 88 anaerobic and facultative isolates from intestinal microbiota were determined by using Brucella agar plates containing serial dilutions of extracts...
July 5, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678190/taste-salt-consumption-and-local-explanations-around-hypertension-in-a-rural-population-in-northern-peru
#11
M Amalia Pesantes, Francisco Diez-Canseco, Antonio Bernabé-Ortiz, Vilarmina Ponce-Lucero, J Jaime Miranda
Interventions to promote behaviors to reduce sodium intake require messages tailored to local understandings of the relationship between what we eat and our health. We studied local explanations about hypertension, the relationship between local diet, salt intake, and health status, and participants' opinions about changing food habits. This study provided inputs for a social marketing campaign in Peru promoting the use of a salt substitute containing less sodium than regular salt. Qualitative methods (focus groups and in-depth interviews) were utilized with local populations, people with hypertension, and health personnel in six rural villages...
July 5, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666411/deep-super-sage-transcriptomic-analysis-of-cold-acclimation-in-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik
#12
Abel Barrios, Constantino Caminero, Pedro García, Nicolas Krezdorn, Klaus Hoffmeier, Peter Winter, Marcelino Pérez de la Vega
BACKGROUND: Frost is one of the main abiotic stresses limiting plant distribution and crop production. To cope with the stress, plants evolved adaptations known as cold acclimation or chilling tolerance to maximize frost tolerance. Cold acclimation is a progressive acquisition of freezing tolerance by plants subjected to low non-freezing temperatures which subsequently allows them to survive exposure to frost. Lentil is a cool season grain legume that is challenged by winter frost in some areas of its cultivation...
June 30, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662609/rapid-degradation-of-fog-discharged-from-food-industry-wastewater-by-lipolytic-fungi-as-a-bioaugmentation-application
#13
Ayoma Witharana, Jagath Manatunge, Niranjanie Ratnayake, Chandrika M Nanayakkara, Mahesh Jayaweera
Fats, oils and grease (FOG) congregate in grease trap devices as a result of culinary activities in the food service industry. FOG is considered to be a slowly biodegradable particulate organic matter and may require enzymatic or hydrolytic conversion to form readily biodegradable soluble organic matter. The existing treatment methods are claimed on water based hydrolysis of FOG to form long chain fatty acids. The long fatty acids discharged into wastewater treatment system create functional difficulties, especially the inhibitory effect caused by accumulation of long chain fatty acids...
June 30, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660154/the-number-of-positive-tumor-marker-status-is-beneficial-for-the-selection-of-therapeutic-modalities-in-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#14
REVIEW
Toru Beppu, Shigeki Nakagawa, Hidetoshi Nitta, Hirohisa Okabe, Takayoshi Kaida, Katsunori Imai, Hiromitsu Hayashi, Yuki Koga, Kunitaka Kuramoto, Daisuke Hashimoto, Yo-Ichi Yamashita, Akira Chikamoto, Takatoshi Ishiko, Hideo Baba
Hepatic resection (HR) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) are popular local therapies for early-stage hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Alpha-fetoprotein, Lens culinaris agglutinin-reactive fraction of alpha-fetoprotein, and des-c-carboxy prothrombin are well-known and useful tumor markers for HCC. The positive number status of these tumor markers has recently been demonstrated as beneficial for predicting outcome for HCC patients treated with local therapy. Although the normal ranges reported have differed by institution, the positivity of tumor markers is consistent and can easily be assessed...
June 28, 2017: Journal of Clinical and Translational Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659223/the-provision-of-ultra-processed-foods-and-their-contribution-to-sodium-availability-in-australian-long-day-care-centres
#15
Siobhan A O'Halloran, Kathleen E Lacy, Julie Woods, Carley A Grimes, Karen J Campbell, Caryl A Nowson
OBJECTIVES: To categorize and assess all foods, beverages and ingredients provided over one week at Australian long day care (LDC) centres according to four levels of food processing and to assess the contribution of Na from each level of processing. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Menus for lunch, morning and afternoon snacks were collected from LDC centres. The level of food processing of all foods, beverages and ingredients was assessed utilizing a four-level food processing classification system: minimally processed (MP), processed culinary ingredients (PCI), processed (P) and ultra-processed (ULP)...
June 29, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659170/the-transcriptome-of-a-sleeping-invader-de-novo-assembly-and-annotation-of-the-transcriptome-of-aestivating-cornu-aspersum
#16
Aristeidis Parmakelis, Panayiota Kotsakiozi, Christos K Kontos, Panagiotis G Adamopoulos, Andreas Scorilas
BACKGROUND: Cornu aspersum is a quite intriguing species from the point of view of ecology and evolution and its potential use in medical and environmental applications. It is a species of economic importance since it is farmed and used for culinary purposes. However, the genomic tools that would allow a thorough insight into the ecology, evolution, nutritional and medical properties of this highly adaptable organism, are missing. In this work, using next-generation sequencing (NGS) techniques we assessed a significant portion of the transcriptome of this non-model organism...
June 28, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28654642/monitoring-of-noble-signal-and-narrow-clawed-crayfish-using-environmental-dna-from-freshwater-samples
#17
Sune Agersnap, William Brenner Larsen, Steen Wilhelm Knudsen, David Strand, Philip Francis Thomsen, Martin Hesselsøe, Peter Bondgaard Mortensen, Trude Vrålstad, Peter Rask Møller
For several hundred years freshwater crayfish (Crustacea-Decapoda-Astacidea) have played an important ecological, cultural and culinary role in Scandinavia. However, many native populations of noble crayfish Astacus astacus have faced major declines during the last century, largely resulting from human assisted expansion of non-indigenous signal crayfish Pacifastacus leniusculus that carry and transmit the crayfish plague pathogen. In Denmark, also the non-indigenous narrow-clawed crayfish Astacus leptodactylus has expanded due to anthropogenic activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649008/environmental-traditional-knowledge-in-a-natural-protected-area-as-the-basis-for-management-and-conservation-policies
#18
Juan Fernando Pío-León, Francisco Delgado-Vargas, Bernardo Murillo-Amador, José Luís León-de-la-Luz, Rito Vega-Aviña, Alejandra Nieto-Garibay, Miguel Córdoba-Matson, Alfredo Ortega-Rubio
Ethnobotany is an adequate tool to identify the most import wild edible plants used by local people and to develop strategies for its sustainable use and policy making. This research records the wild edible plants used by the inhabitants of the Sierra la Laguna Biosphere Reserve, in Mexico, and identified priority species for sustainable development. The employed quantitative approach included the application of a food-oriented index named Food Significance Index (FSI), which integrated cultural, agricultural and food parameters; moreover, it used multivariate analysis to identify priority edible species for use and/or conservation...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629424/evaluation-of-the-international-standardized-24-h-dietary-recall-methodology-globodiet-for-potential-application-in-research-and-surveillance-within-african-settings
#19
Elom Kouassivi Aglago, Edwige Landais, Geneviève Nicolas, Barrie Margetts, Catherine Leclercq, Pauline Allemand, Olaide Aderibigbe, Victoire Damienne Agueh, Paul Amuna, George Amponsah Annor, Jalila El Ati, Jennifer Coates, Brooke Colaiezzi, Ella Compaore, Hélène Delisle, Mieke Faber, Robert Fungo, Inocent Gouado, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Waliou Amoussa Hounkpatin, Amoin Georgette Konan, Saloua Labzizi, James Ledo, Carol Mahachi, Segametsi Ditshebo Maruapula, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Muniirah Mbabazi, Mandy Wilja Mirembe, Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Clement Diby Nzi, Pedro Terrence Pisa, Karima El Rhazi, Francis Zotor, Nadia Slimani
BACKGROUND: Collection of reliable and comparable individual food consumption data is of primary importance to better understand, control and monitor malnutrition and its related comorbidities in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including in Africa. The lack of standardised dietary tools and their related research support infrastructure remains a major obstacle to implement concerted and region-specific research and action plans worldwide. Citing the magnitude and importance of this challenge, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO) launched the "Global Nutrition Surveillance initiative" to pilot test the use of a standardized 24-h dietary recall research tool (GloboDiet), validated in Europe, in other regions...
June 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614498/the-impact-of-the-bolsa-fam%C3%A3-lia-program-on-food-consumption-a-comparative-study-of-the-southeast-and-northeast-regions-of-brazil
#20
Naiara Sperandio, Cristiana Tristão Rodrigues, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Silvia Eloiza Priore
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Bolsa Família Program (PBF) on food consumption in the northeast and southeast regions of Brazil. The database was obtained from the individual food consumption module of the Household Budget Survey conducted in 2008-09. Consumption was assessed through two food records. The food was categorized into four groups: fresh or minimally processed food; culinary ingredients; processed food; and ultra-processed food. To analyze the impact, the propensity score matching method was used, which compares the individual recipients and non-recipients of the PBF in relation to a group of socioeconomic characteristics...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
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