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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629424/evaluation-of-the-international-standardized-24-h-dietary-recall-methodology-globodiet-for-potential-application-in-research-and-surveillance-within-african-settings
#1
Elom Kouassivi Aglago, Edwige Landais, Geneviève Nicolas, Barrie Margetts, Catherine Leclercq, Pauline Allemand, Olaide Aderibigbe, Victoire Damienne Agueh, Paul Amuna, George Amponsah Annor, Jalila El Ati, Jennifer Coates, Brooke Colaiezzi, Ella Compaore, Hélène Delisle, Mieke Faber, Robert Fungo, Inocent Gouado, Asmaa El Hamdouchi, Waliou Amoussa Hounkpatin, Amoin Georgette Konan, Saloua Labzizi, James Ledo, Carol Mahachi, Segametsi Ditshebo Maruapula, Nonsikelelo Mathe, Muniirah Mbabazi, Mandy Wilja Mirembe, Carmelle Mizéhoun-Adissoda, Clement Diby Nzi, Pedro Terrence Pisa, Karima El Rhazi, Francis Zotor, Nadia Slimani
BACKGROUND: Collection of reliable and comparable individual food consumption data is of primary importance to better understand, control and monitor malnutrition and its related comorbidities in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), including in Africa. The lack of standardised dietary tools and their related research support infrastructure remains a major obstacle to implement concerted and region-specific research and action plans worldwide. Citing the magnitude and importance of this challenge, the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC/WHO) launched the "Global Nutrition Surveillance initiative" to pilot test the use of a standardized 24-h dietary recall research tool (GloboDiet), validated in Europe, in other regions...
June 19, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614498/the-impact-of-the-bolsa-fam%C3%A3-lia-program-on-food-consumption-a-comparative-study-of-the-southeast-and-northeast-regions-of-brazil
#2
Naiara Sperandio, Cristiana Tristão Rodrigues, Sylvia do Carmo Castro Franceschini, Silvia Eloiza Priore
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the Bolsa Família Program (PBF) on food consumption in the northeast and southeast regions of Brazil. The database was obtained from the individual food consumption module of the Household Budget Survey conducted in 2008-09. Consumption was assessed through two food records. The food was categorized into four groups: fresh or minimally processed food; culinary ingredients; processed food; and ultra-processed food. To analyze the impact, the propensity score matching method was used, which compares the individual recipients and non-recipients of the PBF in relation to a group of socioeconomic characteristics...
June 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613079/rhizoremediation-of-residual-sulfonylurea-herbicides-in-agricultural-soils-using-lens-culinaris-and-a-commercial-supplement
#3
B Rainbird, R H Bentham, K L Soole
Sulfonylureas are a popular herbicide used today for controlling weeds. While beneficial for this purpose they present a persistent problem in agricultural treated areas proving detrimental for successive crops. This study assessed the phytoremediative properties of lentils (Lens culinaris) grown in uncontaminated and Chlorsulfuron-contaminated soil, with and without the addition of a growth supplement, PulseAider™. The results show that in the presence of lentils the degradation of Chlorsulfuron is enhanced and this degradation rate is significantly increased when the PulseAider™ supplement was included during seed sowing...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Phytoremediation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605342/compositional-differences-of-the-winter-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-flammulina-velutipes-agaricomycetes-under-three-types-of-light-conditions
#4
Shu-Yao Tsai, Erh-Wen Huang, Chun-Ping Lin
The focus of this study was to investigate the effect of light on the cultivation and the amounts of bio-active components in Flammulina velutipes. The mushrooms were cultivated under fluorescent tube (T8) grow lights, lightemitting diodes (LEDs), and cold-cathode fluorescent lamps. The biological efficiency of the T8 lights was the highest, at 92%. The crude fat content, crude fiber content, polysaccharide content, and ergosterol content were highest under the LEDs, at 2.9 g/100 g, 7.9 g/100 g, 3.9 g/100 g, and 1...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605340/vitamin-d2-stability-during-the-refrigerated-storage-of-ultraviolet-b-treated-cultivated-culinary-medicinal-mushrooms
#5
Aneta Slawinska, Emilia Fornal, Wojciech Radzki, Ewa Jablonska-Rys, Ewa Parfieniuk
The effects of ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation on the synthesis of vitamin D2 and its stability during refrigerated storage was determined in fresh cultivated culinary-medicinal mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus, Pleurotus ostreatus, and Lentinus edodes) after harvest. The irradiated mushrooms were stored at 4°C for up to 10 days. The concentrations of vitamin D2 and ergosterol were determined using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. The cultivated mushrooms not treated with UVB were devoid of vitamin D2...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605334/an-overview-of-culinary-and-medicinal-mushrooms-in-neurodegeneration-and-neurotrauma-research
#6
Kah-Hui Wong, Chai-Chee Ng, Gowri Kanagasabapathy, Yoon-Yen Yow, Vikineswary Sabaratnam
Culinary and medicinal mushrooms have been appreciated since prehistoric times as valuable resources for food and medicine. Edible mushrooms represent an untapped source of nutraceuticals and valuable palatable food. Long considered tonics, they are now treasured as functional foods that can improve human health and quality of life. Numerous studies have provided insights into the neuroprotective effects of edible mushrooms, which are attributed to their antioxidant, antineuroinflammatory, and cholinesterase inhibitory properties, and their ability to prevent neuronal death...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605326/effect-of-different-proportions-of-agrowaste-on-cultivation-yield-and-nutritional-composition-of-the-culinary-medicinal-jelly-mushroom-auricularia-polytricha-higher-basidiomycetes
#7
Chiu-Yeh Wu, Chih-Hung Liang, Kuan-Jzen Wu, Hsin-Der Shih, Zeng-Chin Liang
In this study, Auricularia polytricha was cultivated on a sawdust basal substrate supplemented with different proportions (30%, 45%, and 60%, respectively) of agrowastes-sugarcane bagasse (SB), rice straw (RS), and rice husk (RH)-to evaluate the alternative substrates. The mycelial growth rate, total colonization time, time to first primordia, biological efficiency, and chemical composition of the fruiting bodies were determined. Results indicated that the 60% SB substrate was the best substrate for mycelial growth of A...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605325/turmeric-bioprocessed-with-mycelia-from-the-shiitake-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-lentinus-edodes-agaricomycetes-protects-mice-against-salmonellosis
#8
Sung Phil Kim, Sang Jong Lee, Seok Hyun Nam, Mendel Friedman
This study investigated the suppressive mechanisms of an extract from bioprocessed Lentinus edodes mycelial liquid culture supplemented with turmeric (bioprocessed Curcuma longa extract [BPCLE]) against murine salmonellosis. The BPLCE extract from the bioprocessed mycelia of the Salmonella Typhimurium into murine RAW 264.7 macrophage cells, elimination of intracellular bacteria, and elevation of inducible nitric oxide synthase expression. Dietary administration of BPCLE activated leukocytes from the mice infected with Salmonella through the intraperitoneal route...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605324/sulfation-of-the-extracellular-polysaccharide-produced-by-the-king-oyster-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-pleurotus-eryngii-agaricomycetes-and-its-antioxidant-properties-in-vitro
#9
Xuewei Jia, Chong Wang, Yanhong Bai, Jinwei Yu, Chunping Xu
Extracellular polysaccharide from Pleurotus eryngii was sulfated; the optimum reaction conditions used pyridine as the reaction solvent, a temperature of 80°C, and a reaction time of 90 minutes. The structure and antioxidant activity of the sulfated and original polysaccharides (designated as SF-1 and Fr-1, respectively) were investigated. The main functional groups of polysaccharides were determined by Fourier transform infrared, and the chain conformation was determined by size-exclusion chromatography with laser light scattering and viscometry...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582825/awareness-of-coeliac-disease-among-chefs-and-cooks-depends-on-the-level-and-place-of-training
#10
Michael Schultz, Seong Shin, Kirsten J Coppell
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Coeliac disease is triggered by gluten. The only treatment is lifelong avoidance of dietary gluten. Dining out and travelling are particular challenges with a huge impact on quality of life. We examined the knowledge about coeliac disease and gluten-free food preparation among chefs and cooks, and culinary students in Dunedin, New Zealand. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Outlets serving gluten-free food were identified. The head chefs or cooks were invited to complete a questionnaire regarding demographics, education, qualification, experience and knowledge of coeliac disease and gluten-free food preparation...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579994/identification-of-high-temperature-tolerant-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-genotypes-through-leaf-and-pollen-traits
#11
Kumari Sita, Akanksha Sehgal, Jitendra Kumar, Shiv Kumar, Sarvjeet Singh, Kadambot H M Siddique, Harsh Nayyar
Rising temperatures are proving detrimental for various agricultural crops. Cool-season legumes such as lentil (Lens culunaris Medik.) are sensitive to even small increases in temperature during the reproductive stage, hence the need to explore the available germplasm for heat tolerance as well as its underlying mechanisms. In the present study, a set of 38 core lentil accessions were screened for heat stress tolerance by sowing 2 months later (first week of January; max/min temperature >32/20°C during the reproductive stage) than the recommended date of sowing (first week of November; max/min temperature <32/20°C during the reproductive stage)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574705/biochemical-profile-of-heritage-and-modern-apple-cultivars-and-application-of-machine-learning-methods-to-predict-usage-age-and-harvest-season
#12
Maria Anastasiadi, Fady Mohareb, Sally P Redfern, Mark Berry, Monique S J Simmonds, Leon A Terry
The present study represents the first major attempt to characterize the biochemical profile in different tissues of a large selection of apple cultivars sourced from the United Kingdom's National Fruit Collection comprising dessert, ornamental, cider, and culinary apples. Furthermore, advanced machine learning methods were applied with the objective to identify whether the phenolic and sugar composition of an apple cultivar could be used as a biomarker fingerprint to differentiate between heritage and mainstream commercial cultivars as well as govern the separation among primary usage groups and harvest season...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573726/effect-of-curry-leaf-and-clove-bud-essential-oils-on-textural-and-oxidative-stability-of-chill-stored-sutchi-catfish-fillets
#13
P K Binsi, George Ninan, C N Ravishankar
Effect of coating with curry leaf and clove essential oils (EO) on oxidative and textural stability of sutchi catfish fillets were evaluated during chilled storage. The changes in parameters associated with textural and lipid degradation was also evaluated to ascertain the interactive effect of polyphenols with muscle proteins. Further, the results were compared against vacuum and conventional polyethylene packaging practices. Prior to coating, the properties of antioxidants were evaluated in vitro based on total phenolic and flavonoid contents, 2, 2-diphenyl-1- picrylhydrazyl radical scavenging activity, inhibition of linoleic acid peroxidation, iron reducing power, and metal chelating ability...
June 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573682/evaluation-of-the-extent-of-initial-maillard-reaction-during-cooking-some-vegetables-by-direct-measurement-of-the-amadori-compounds
#14
Jiahao Yu, Shuqin Zhang, Lianfu Zhang
BACKGROUND: During vegetable cooking, one of the most notable and common chemical reaction is the Maillard reaction as a result of thermal treatment and dehydration. Amadori compound determination provides a very sensitive indicator for early detection of quality changes caused by the Maillard reaction as well as to retrospectively assess the heat treatment or storage conditions at which the product has been subjected. In this paper, a hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography(HILIC)-ESI-MS/MS method was developed for the analysis of eight Amadori compounds and the initial steps of the Maillard reaction during cooking (steaming, frying and baking) bell pepper, red pepper, yellow onion, purple onion, tomato and carrot were also assessed by quantitative determination of these Amadori compounds...
June 2, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573253/in-vivo-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-hepatoprotective-and-in-vitro-cytotoxic-activities-of-garcinia-hombroniana-seashore-mangosteen
#15
Nargis Jamila, Naeem Khan, Amir Atlas Khan, Imran Khan, Sadiq Noor Khan, Zainal Amiruddin Zakaria, Melati Khairuddean, Hasnah Osman, Kyong Su Kim
BACKGROUND: Garcinia hombroniana, known as "manggis hutan" (jungle mangosteen) in Malaysia, is distributed in tropical Asia, Borneo, Thailand, Andaman, Nicobar Islands, Vietnam and India. In Malaysia, its ripened crimson sour fruit rind is used as a seasoning agent in curries and culinary dishes. Its roots and leaves decoction is used against skin infections and after child birth. This study aimed to evaluate in vivo hepatoprotective and in vitro cytotoxic activities of 20% methanolic ethyl acetate (MEA) G...
2017: African Journal of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicines: AJTCAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559731/developing-a-molecular-identification-assay-of-old-landraces-for-the-genetic-authentication-of-typical-agro-food-products-the-case-study-of-the-barley-agordino
#16
Fabio Palumbo, Giulio Galla, Gianni Barcaccia
The orzo Agordino is a very old local variety of domesticated barley (Hordeum vulgare ssp. distichum L.) that is native to the Agordo District, Province of Belluno, and is widespread in the Veneto Region, Italy. Seeds of this landrace are widely used for the preparation of very famous dishes of the dolomitic culinary tradition such as barley soup, bakery products and local beer. Understanding the genetic diversity and identity of the Agordino barley landrace is a key step to establish conservation and valorisation strategies of this local variety and also to provide molecular traceability tools useful to ascertain the authenticity of its derivatives...
March 2017: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554685/snail-mucus-glandular-origin-and-composition-in-helix-pomatia
#17
Sophie Greistorfer, Waltraud Klepal, Norbert Cyran, Andreas Gugumuck, Livia Rudoll, Johannes Suppan, Janek von Byern
Apart from their well-known culinary use, gastropod species such as Helix, which have a hydrogel-like mucus, are increasingly being exploited for cosmetic, bioengineering and medical applications. However, not only are the origin and composition of these "sticky" secretions far from being fully characterized, the number and morphology of the mucus glands involved is also uncertain. This study aims to characterize in detail the cutaneous glands of the Helix pomatia foot on morphological, histochemical and immunohistochemical levels...
May 5, 2017: Zoology: Analysis of Complex Systems, ZACS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554335/processed-and-ultra-processed-foods-are-associated-with-lower-quality-nutrient-profiles-in-children-from-colombia
#18
Brittany Cornwell, Eduardo Villamor, Mercedes Mora-Plazas, Constanza Marin, Carlos A Monteiro, Ana Baylin
OBJECTIVE: To determine if processed and ultra-processed foods consumed by children in Colombia are associated with lower-quality nutrition profiles than less processed foods. DESIGN: We obtained information on sociodemographic and anthropometric variables and dietary information through dietary records and 24 h recalls from a convenience sample of the Bogotá School Children Cohort. Foods were classified into three categories: (i) unprocessed and minimally processed foods, (ii) processed culinary ingredients and (iii) processed and ultra-processed foods...
May 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552988/introducing-a-novel-mushroom-from-mycophagy-community-with-emphasis-on-biomedical-potency
#19
Somanjana Khatua, Arun Kumar Dutta, Swarnendu Chandra, Soumitra Paloi, Kanad Das, Krishnendu Acharya
Mushrooms have been prized by humankind as medicine and culinary wonder since antiquity. Though several species are ethnically valued; many prospective species are still being discovered. One such wild macrofungus has recently been discovered during subsequent field surveys in West Bengal, India which in turn exposed as a traditionally consumed popular myco-food. The collected taxon was found to be unique with regard to its morphological as well as genetical features. After detailed characterizations, the fungus was identified as a novel taxon belonging to the genus Russula (Russulaceae, Basidiomycota)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546799/lectin-array-and-glycogene-expression-analyses-of-ovarian-cancer-cell-line-a2780-and-its-cisplatin-resistant-derivate-cell-line-a2780-cp
#20
Ran Zhao, Wenjun Qin, Ruihuan Qin, Jing Han, Can Li, Yisheng Wang, Congjian Xu
BACKGROUND: Ovarian cancer is one of the most lethal gynecological malignancies, in which platinum resistance is a common cause of its relapse and death. Glycosylation has been reported to be involved in drug resistance, and glycomic analyses of ovarian cancer may improve our understanding of the mechanisms underlying cancer cell drug resistance and provide potential biomarkers and therapeutic targets. METHODS: The serous ovarian cancer cell line A2780 and its platinum-resistant counterpart A2780-cp were used in this study...
2017: Clinical Proteomics
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