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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427536/health-risks-of-food-oxidation
#1
Mario Estévez, Zhuqing Li, Olugbenga P Soladoye, Thomas Van-Hecke
The impact of dietary habits on our health is indisputable. Consumer's concern on aging and age-related diseases challenges scientists to underline the potential role of food on the extension and guarantee of lifespan and healthspan. While some dietary components and habits are generally regarded as beneficial for our health, some others are being found to exert potential toxic effects and hence, contribute to the onset of particular health disorders. Among the latter, lipid and protein oxidation products formed during food production, storage, processing, and culinary preparation have been recently identified as potentially harmful to humans...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418171/formation-of-oxysterols-during-thermal-processing-and-frozen-storage-of-cooked-minced-meat
#2
Monika Sabolová, Barbora Pohořelá, Jakub Fišnar, Lenka Kouřimská, Diana Chrpová, Jan Pánek
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol is susceptible to oxidation and formation of oxysterols, which could have a negative health effect. The formation and distribution of oxysterols was studied in meatloaves prepared under different baking regimes with increased temperature or prolonged time. The effect of frozen storage and marjoram addition on the level of oxysterols was studied as well. RESULTS: The effect of baking regime on the content and distribution of oxysterols was found...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397062/multi-metal-resistance-and-plant-growth-promotion-potential-of-a-wastewater-bacterium-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-and-its-synergistic-benefits
#3
Jayanta Kumar Biswas, Monojit Mondal, Jörg Rinklebe, Santosh Kumar Sarkar, Punarbasu Chaudhuri, Mahendra Rai, Sabry M Shaheen, Hocheol Song, Muhammad Rizwan
Water and soil pollution by toxic heavy metals (HMs) is increasing globally because of increase in population, industrialization and urbanization. It is a burning problem for the public, scientists, academicians and politicians how to tackle the toxic contaminants which jeopardize the environment. One possible solution for pollution abatement is a bioremediation-effective and innovative technology that uses biological systems for treatment of contaminants. Many bacteria synthesize indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) which is a product of L-tryptophan metabolism and belongs to the auxin class of plant growth-promoting hormone...
April 10, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393974/-origin-components-and-mechanisms-of-action-of-the-mediterranean-diet
#4
Inés Urquiaga, Guadalupe Echeverría, Catalina Dussaillant, Attilio Rigotti
The Mediterranean diet is currently considered a healthy dietary pattern. It includes a great variety of foods, which are eaten in moderation and within a positive social environment. The generic term "Mediterranean diet" was born after the "Seven Countries Study" led by Ancel Keys around 1960. This dietary pattern is characterized by a high intake of fruits and vegetables, whole grains, legumes, nuts, fish, white meats and olive oil. It also includes moderate consumption of fermented dairy products, low intake of red meat and drinking wine with moderation during meals...
January 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386890/cooking-can-decrease-mercury-contamination-of-a-mushroom-meal-cantharellus-cibarius-and-amanita-fulva
#5
Jerzy Falandysz, Małgorzata Drewnowska
Mushrooms (Cantharellus cibarius and Amanita fulva) were blanched (parboiled) and pickled using different treatment conditions with the aim of carrying out the study into effect on removal of toxic mercury (Hg) accumulated in flesh. Blanching of fresh sliced C. cibarius caused leaching of Hg by approximately 15%, while loss of up to 35% was observed for sliced, deep-frozen fruit bodies. The rate of Hg leaching from the C. cibarius in practice was the same when blanched for 5 or 15 min irrespective of potable or deionized water used...
April 6, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377784/flowering-and-growth-responses-of-cultivated-lentil-and-wild-lens-germplasm-toward-the-differences-in-red-to-far-red-ratio-and-photosynthetically-active-radiation
#6
Hai Y Yuan, Shyamali Saha, Albert Vandenberg, Kirstin E Bett
Understanding environmental responses of pulse crop species and their wild relatives will play an important role in developing genetic strategies for crop improvement in response to changes in climate. This study examined how cultivated lentil and wild Lens germplasm responded to different light environments, specifically differences in red/far-red ratio (R/FR) and photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). Three genotypes of each the seven Lens species were grown in environmentally controlled growth chambers equipped to provide light treatments consisting of different R/FR ratios and PAR values...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376310/improving-patient-s-home-cooking-a-case-series-of-participation-in-a-remote-culinary-coaching-program
#7
Rani Polak, David M Pober, Maggi A Budd, Julie K Silver, Edward M Phillips, Martin J Abrahamson
This case series describes and examines the outcomes of a remote culinary coaching program, aimed at improving nutrition through home cooking. Participants (n=4) improved attitudes about the perceived ease of home cooking (p<0.01) and self-efficacy to perform various culinary skills (p=0.02); and also in confidence to continue e-learning culinary skills and consume healthier food. We believe this program might be a viable response to the need for effective and scalable health related culinary interventions...
April 4, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372725/analysis-of-volatile-compounds-by-open-air-ionization-mass-spectrometry
#8
Anil Kumar Meher, Yu-Chie Chen
This study demonstrates a simple method for rapid and in situ identification of volatile and endogenous compounds in culinary spice samples through mass spectrometry (MS). This method only requires a holder for solid spice sample (2-3 mm) that is placed close to a mass spectrometer inlet, which is applied with a high voltage. Volatile species responsible for the aroma of the spice samples can be readily detected by the mass spectrometer. Sample pretreatment is not required prior to MS analysis, and no solvent was used during MS analysis...
May 8, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28362477/conditions-of-honey-consumption-in-selected-regions-of-poland
#9
Iwona Kowalczuk, Marzena Jeżewska-Zychowicz, Joanna Trafiałek
BACKGROUND: The nutritional value of honey is a factor that encourages the increase of its consumption. The aim of the study was to identify consumers' behaviours and preferences towards honey and their determinants. METHODS: Quantitative (PAPI method) survey was carried out in 2015 on a sample of 690 respondents from Mazowieckie, Podkarpackie and Zachodniopomorskie voivodeships. The data analyzed were: the frequency of and reasons for honey consumption, preferred buying locations, preferred types of honey, factors considered during purchase and different uses of honey...
January 2017: Acta Scientiarum Polonorum. Technologia Alimentaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28361401/rosmarinus-officinalis-l-ameliorates-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles-and-induced-some-toxic-effects-in-rats-blood
#10
Intissar Grissa, Lobna Ezzi, Sana Chakroun, Abir Mabrouk, Azer Ben Saleh, Hamadi Braham, Zohra Haouas, Hassen Ben Cheikh
Titanium dioxide nanoparticles (TiO2 NPs) have been widely used as a white pigment in food and drugs. The most important route of human exposure to TiO2 is through food and drug products containing TiO2 additives. This study investigates the efficacy of an oral traditional use of rosemary extract in ameliorating some toxic effects induced on blood of TiO2 NP-intoxicated rats. Rats were given rosemary extract via intragastric administration 1 h before the intragastric administration of 100 mg/kg/day TiO2 NPs (10 nm) for 60 days...
March 30, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28357977/food-based-dietary-guidelines-a-comparative-analysis-between-the-dietary-guidelines-for-the-brazilian-population-2006-and-2014
#11
Mayara Sanay da Silva Oliveira, Ligia Silva-Amparo
OBJECTIVE: In 2014, the Brazilian Ministry of Health launched the second edition of the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population (DGBP), which deploys the new food classification NOVA. It esteems that the second DGBP overcomes the limitations in the previous food guide, reformulating the diet concepts, food pattern, culture and system. The present paper analyses the advances and limits established in the second edition, contrasting with its first edition. DESIGN: The study employs a discourse analysis...
March 30, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28352275/influence-of-harvest-aid-herbicides-on-seed-germination-seedling-vigor-and-milling-quality-traits-of-red-lentil-lens-culinaris-l
#12
Maya Subedi, Christian J Willenborg, Albert Vandenberg
Most red lentil produced worldwide is consumed in dehulled form, and post-harvest milling and splitting qualities are major concerns in the secondary processing industry. Lentil producers in northern temperate regions usually apply pre-harvest desiccants as harvest aids to accelerate the lentil crop drying process and facilitate harvesting operations. This paper reports on field studies conducted at Scott and Saskatoon, Saskatchewan, Canada in the 2012 and 2013 cropping seasons to evaluate whether herbicides applied as harvest aids alone or tank mixed with glyphosate affect seed germination, seedling vigor, milling, and splitting qualities...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350345/time-trends-and-patterns-of-reported-egg-consumption-in-the-u-s-by-sociodemographic-characteristics
#13
Zach Conrad, LuAnn K Johnson, James N Roemmich, WenYen Juan, Lisa Jahns
Eggs have the potential to contribute essential nutrients to nutritionally vulnerable populations on limited food budgets. Further research is needed to better understand patterns of egg consumption across diverse sociodemographic groups in order to inform clinical practice to improve nutrient adequacy. Data on demographics and egg intake of 29,694 U.S. adults were obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 2001-2012. The National Cancer Institute's usual intake methodology was used to estimate the distribution of egg intake...
March 28, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345745/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-assessment-of-the-abuse-potential-of-pf614-a-novel-bio-md%C3%A2-prodrug-of-oxycodone
#14
D Lynn Kirkpatrick, William K Schmidt, Ricardo Morales, John Cremin, Julie Seroogy, Craig Husfeld, Thomas Jenkins
OBJECTIVE: The need for pain medication which will not lead to abuse is well recognized. Ensysce has designed prodrug analogs of the commonly used pain medications including hydromorphone, oxycodone (OC), hydrocodone, and morphine that limit their use to oral delivery, two of which are in clinical development. This study was undertaken to demonstrate that PF614, an extended-release prodrug of OC, allows the release of OC as designed when delivered orally, yet it resists ex vivo extraction with household chemicals and is pharmacologically inactive when administered by nonoral routes (nasal and parenteral), thereby substantially reducing its intravenous (IV) and intranasal abuse potential...
January 2017: Journal of Opioid Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342988/an-anti-inflammatory-dietary-intervention-to-reduce-breast-cancer-recurrence-risk-study-design-and-baseline-data
#15
Amelie G Ramirez, Dorothy Long Parma, Edgar Muñoz, Kristin D Mendoza, Crystel Harb, Alan E C Holden, Michael Wargovich
U.S. breast cancer survivors (BCSs) are expected to increase to 4 million in the next 5-10years. Cancer recurrence risk is highest among obese survivors. Inflammatory (Pro-I) biomarkers including C-reactive protein (CRP), Interleukins -3, -6, and -8 (IL-3, IL-6, IL-8), and Tumor Necrosis Factor (TNF)-α have been associated with cancer recurrence risk. Nutritional interventions aimed at reducing inflammation (INF) may contribute to reduced cancer recurrence risk, but studies have been limited to animal models...
March 22, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341176/effect-of-dual-modification-of-sonication-and-%C3%AE-irradiation-on-physicochemical-and-functional-properties-of-lentil-lens-culinaris-l-starch
#16
Toiba Majeed, Idrees Ahmed Wani, Peerzada Rashid Hussain
Starch isolated from lentil was subjected to two treatments namely sonication and, a dual treatment of sonication and irradiation at a dose of 5kGy. Lentil yielded 26.12±1.56g starch/100g of lentil. Chemical composition of native starch revealed 7.83±0.28% moisture, 0.23±0.30% protein, 0.35±0.05% fat and 0.10±0.00% ash. The results revealed that pasting properties of lentil starch were not affected upon sonication. However, these decreased significantly (p≤0.05) upon dual treatments. Amylose content of native starch was 31...
March 21, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339615/viable-offspring-after-imaging-of-ca2-oscillations-and-visualization-of-the-cortical-reaction-in-mouse-eggs%C3%A2
#17
Yuhkoh Satouh, Kaori Nozawa, Kazuo Yamagata, Takao Fujimoto, Masahito Ikawa
During mammalian fertilization, egg Ca 2+ oscillations are known to play pivotal roles in triggering downstream events such as resumption of the cell cycle and the establishment of blocks to polyspermy. However, viable offspring have not been obtained after monitoring Ca 2+ oscillations, and their spatiotemporal links to subsequent events are still to be examined. Therefore, the development of imaging methods to avoid phototoxic damage while labeling these events is required. Here, we examined the usefulness of genetically encoded Ca 2+ indicators for optical imaging (GECOs), in combination with spinning-disk confocal imaging...
March 1, 2017: Biology of Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330174/salicornia-evaluating-the-halophytic-extremophile-as-a-food-and-a-pharmaceutical-candidate
#18
REVIEW
Seema Patel
Food insecurity is a major issue in current scenario where a large section of mankind is at risk of insufficient diet. As food productivity has its limits, the prospecting of unutilized or underutilized flora as food candidates is collectively recognized as a sustainable option. In the past decade, a number of obscure plants have been identified to be rich in dietary components and deemed fit for integration into the food platter. This review discusses a candidate Salicornia, belonging to family Amaranthaceae...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322147/molecular-characterization-and-antioxidant-potential-of-three-wild-culinary-medicinal-mushrooms-from-tripura-northeast-india
#19
Aparajita Roy Das, Madhusmita Borthakur, Ajay Krishna Saha, Santa Ram Joshi, Panna Das
The aim of this study was to characterize 3 wild culinary-medicinal mushrooms using molecular tools and to analyze their antioxidant activity. Antioxidant properties were studied by evaluating free radical scavenging, reducing power, and chelating effect. The mushrooms were identified as Lentinus squarrosulus, L. tuber-regium, and Macrocybe gigantean by amplifying internal transcribed spacer regions of ribosomal DNA. The results demonstrated that the methanolic extract of M. gigantean has the highest free radical scavenging effect and chelating effect, whereas the methanolic extract of L...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322143/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antidiabetic-evaluation-of-selected-culinary-medicinal-mushrooms-agaricomycetes
#20
Varinder Singh, Gurleen Kaur Bedi, Richa Shri
Management of type 2 diabetes by delaying or preventing glucose absorption using natural products is gaining significant attention. Edible mushrooms are well documented for their nutritional and medicinal properties. This investigation was designed to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of aqueous extracts of selected culinary-medicinal mushrooms, namely, Pleurotus ostreatus, Calocybe indica, and Volvariella volvacea, using in vitro models (α-amylase inhibition assay, glucose uptake by yeast cells, and glucose adsorption capacity)...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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