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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28820018/evidence-based-creativity-working-between-art-and-science-in-the-field-of-fine-dining
#1
Chad Borkenhagen
This article examines how scientific knowledge drives creativity in the small but influential culinary movement of 'modernist cuisine'. Originating in the mid-1990s, modernist cuisine began with a small group of avant-garde chefs using science to produce wildly innovative culinary creations. Since then, many of the movement's innovations, as well as its more general 'science-based' approach to cooking, have gained adoption among a diverse range of culinary professionals. But while science has enabled modernist chefs to produce a wide array of innovations and refinements, the group's embrace of scientific values poses a potential threat to the subjective, intuition-driven logic of culinary creativity...
August 1, 2017: Social Studies of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818553/the-training-and-creativity-of-professional-chefs-stoking-the-imagination-in-global-gastronomic-field
#2
Leo Pang
The sameness of eating out has been criticised in some quarters of food media in recent years. In this paper I demonstrate through the case of three chefs in Hong Kong how this sameness is the product of global gastronomic field. I suggest that chefs play a crucial role in providing the content that fuels gastronomic discourses and also in delivering the experiences of the discourse on the plate to diners. The experience of chefs with cuisines such as Thai, Vietnamese and Spanish allows them to prepare dishes that attract plaudits from food media and fuel the imagination of potential diners...
August 14, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806968/cardamom-powder-supplementation-prevents-obesity-improves-glucose-intolerance-inflammation-and-oxidative-stress-in-liver-of-high-carbohydrate-high-fat-diet-induced-obese-rats
#3
Md Mizanur Rahman, Mohammad Nazmul Alam, Anayt Ulla, Farzana Akther Sumi, Nusrat Subhan, Trisha Khan, Bishwajit Sikder, Hemayet Hossain, Hasan Mahmud Reza, Md Ashraful Alam
BACKGROUND: Cardamom is a well-known spice in Indian subcontinent, used in culinary and traditional medicine practices since ancient times. The current investigation was untaken to evaluate the potential benefit of cardamom powder supplementation in high carbohydrate high fat (HCHF) diet induced obese rats. METHOD: Male Wistar rats (28 rats) were divided into four different groups such as Control, Control + cardamom, HCHF, HCHF + cardamom. High carbohydrate and high fat (HCHF) diet was prepared in our laboratory...
August 14, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800117/iron-fortification-of-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-to-address-iron-deficiency
#4
Rajib Podder, Bunyamin Tar'an, Robert T Tyler, Carol J Henry, Diane M DellaValle, Albert Vandenberg
Iron (Fe) deficiency is a major human health concern in areas of the world in which diets are often Fe deficient. In the current study, we aimed to identify appropriate methods and optimal dosage for Fe fortification of lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.) dal with FeSO₄·7H₂O (ferrous sulphate hepta-hydrate), NaFeEDTA (ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid iron (III) sodium salt) and FeSO₄·H₂O (ferrous sulphate mono-hydrate). We used a colorimetric method to determine the appearance of the dal fortified with fortificants at different Fe concentrations and under different storage conditions...
August 11, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793996/ultra-processed-foods-in-human-health-a-critical-appraisal
#5
Michael J Gibney, Ciarán G Forde, Deirdre Mullally, Eileen R Gibney
The NOVA classification of foods proposes 4 categories: unprocessed or minimally processed foods, processed culinary ingredients, processed foods, and ultra-processed foods and drinks (UPFDs). It is argued that the latter relies heavily on modifications to foods, resulting in enhanced amounts of salt, added sugar, and fat as well as the use of additives in an attempt to make this food category highly palatable. It further argues that controlling food processing, rather than examining nutrients, should be foremost in shaping nutrition policy...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783070/the-chemical-compositions-of-the-volatile-oils-of-garlic-allium-sativum-and-wild-garlic-allium-vineale
#6
Prabodh Satyal, Jonathan D Craft, Noura S Dosoky, William N Setzer
Garlic, Alliumsativum, is broadly used around the world for its numerous culinary and medicinal uses. Wild garlic, Allium vineale, has been used as a substitute for garlic, both in food as well as in herbal medicine. The present study investigated the chemical compositions of A. sativum and A. vineale essential oils. The essential oils from the bulbs of A. sativum, cultivated in Spain, were obtained by three different methods: laboratory hydrodistillation, industrial hydrodistillation, and industrial steam distillation...
August 5, 2017: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771193/urinary-sodium-and-potassium-excretion-and-dietary-sources-of-sodium-in-maputo-mozambique
#7
Ana Queiroz, Albertino Damasceno, Neusa Jessen, Célia Novela, Pedro Moreira, Nuno Lunet, Patrícia Padrão
This study aimed to evaluate the urinary excretion of sodium and potassium, and to estimate the main food sources of sodium in Maputo dwellers. A cross-sectional evaluation of a sample of 100 hospital workers was conducted between October 2012 and May 2013. Sodium and potassium urinary excretion was assessed in a 24-h urine sample; creatinine excretion was used to exclude unlikely urine values. Food intake in the same period of urine collection was assessed using a 24-h dietary recall. The Food Processor Plus(®) was used to estimate sodium intake corresponding to naturally occurring sodium and sodium added to processed foods (non-discretionary sodium)...
August 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766143/pickling-of-chanterelle-cantharellus-cibarius-mushrooms-highly-reduce-cadmium-contamination
#8
Małgorzata Drewnowska, Anetta Hanć, Danuta Barałkiewicz, Jerzy Falandysz
Mushrooms are considered as potential bio-remediation agents in soil polluted with heavy metals, while many species which efficiently accumulate them in flesh are edible. Question is if there is any possible culinary use of edible mushrooms with high heavy metal contents? This study aimed to investigate and discuss a fate of cadmium (Cd) in common household-treated fruitbodies of common chanterelle Cantharellus cibarius. The samples of Cantharellus cibarius Fr. were collected from five spatially distanced sites in Poland in 2011-2012...
August 1, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764061/geographical-origin-discrimination-of-lentils-lens-culinaris-medik-using-1-h-nmr-fingerprinting-and-multivariate-statistical-analyses
#9
Francesco Longobardi, Valentina Innamorato, Annalisa Di Gioia, Andrea Ventrella, Vincenzo Lippolis, Antonio F Logrieco, Lucia Catucci, Angela Agostiano
Lentil samples coming from two different countries, i.e. Italy and Canada, were analysed using untargeted (1)H NMR fingerprinting in combination with chemometrics in order to build models able to classify them according to their geographical origin. For such aim, Soft Independent Modelling of Class Analogy (SIMCA), k-Nearest Neighbor (k-NN), Principal Component Analysis followed by Linear Discriminant Analysis (PCA-LDA) and Partial Least Squares-Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) were applied to the NMR data and the results were compared...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758954/chemical-constituents-from-hericium-erinaceus-promote-neuronal-survival-and-potentiate-neurite-outgrowth-via-the-trka-erk1-2-pathway
#10
Cheng-Chen Zhang, Chen-Yu Cao, Miwa Kubo, Kenichi Harada, Xi-Tao Yan, Yoshiyasu Fukuyama, Jin-Ming Gao
Hericium erinaceus is a culinary-medicinal mushroom used traditionally in Eastern Asia to improve memory. In this work, we investigated the neuroprotective and neuritogenic effects of the secondary metabolites isolated from the MeOH extract of cultured mycelium of H. erinaceus and the primary mechanisms involved. One new dihydropyridine compound (6) and one new natural product (2) together with five known compounds (1,3-5,7) were obtained and their structures were elucidated by spectroscopic analysis, including 2D NMR and HRMS...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757516/combination-of-triple-biomarkers-afp-afp-l3-and-pivakii-for-early-detection-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-china-expectation
#11
Jianjun Gao, Peipei Song
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remains a severe health threat in China. Early tumor detection is crucial for improving the prognosis of patients. Currently, ultrasound plus biomarker alpha fetoprotein (AFP) is recommended by Chinese Liver Cancer Diagnosis and Treatment Guidelines in China. However, most HCC continues to be diagnosed beyond an early stage due to insufficient sensitivity and specificity of current surveillance tools, highlighting the need for more accurate biomarkers to improve early HCC detection...
2017: Drug Discoveries & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755972/anoectochilus-roxburghii-a-review-of-its-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-clinical-applications
#12
REVIEW
Shenyi Ye, Qingsong Shao, Ailian Zhang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Anoectochilus roxburghii (Orchidaceae), also known as Jinxianlian (Simplified Chinese: ) and Jinxianlan (Simplified Chinese: ), is valued in many Asian countries, where this plant species is used for medicinal, culinary, and ornamental purposes. As a food, A. roxburghii is widely used as a treatment booster and medicine because of its various beneficial properties; these include, most notably, the curative effects of heat dissipation and cooling of blood, elimination of dampness, detoxification, and immunity enhancement...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754012/intra-amniotic-administration-gallus-gallus-of-cicer-arietinum-and-lens-culinaris-prebiotics-extracts-and-duck-egg-white-peptides-affects-calcium-status-and-intestinal-functionality
#13
Tao Hou, Nikolai Kolba, Raymond P Glahn, Elad Tako
Calcium (Ca) is one of the most abundant inorganic elements in the human body and has many important physiological roles. Prebiotics and bioactive peptides are two important substances used to promote calcium uptake. However, the difference in mechanisms of the calcium uptake from these two supplements is not clear. By using the Gallus gallus model and the intra-amniotic administration procedure, the aim of this study was to investigate whether Ca status, intestinal functionality, and health-promoting bacterial populations were affected by prebiotics extracted from chickpea and lentil, and duck egg white peptides (DPs)...
July 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28751897/comparative-agronomic-performance-and-reaction-to-fusarium-wilt-of-lens-culinaris-%C3%A3-l-orientalis-and-l-culinaris-%C3%A3-l-ervoides-derivatives
#14
Mohar Singh, Jai C Rana, Badal Singh, Sandeep Kumar, Deep R Saxena, Ashok Saxena, Aqeel H Rizvi, Ashutosh Sarker
The development of transgressive phenotype in the segregating populations has been speculated to contribute to niche divergence of hybrid lineages, which occurs most frequently at larger genetic distances. Wild Lens species are considered to be more resistant against major biotic and abiotic stresses than that of the cultivated species. In the present study, we assessed the comparative agronomic performance of lentil (Lens culinaris subsp. culinaris) inter-sub-specific (L. culinaris subsp. orientalis) and interspecific (L...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747692/new-criteria-for-the-molecular-identification-of-cereal-grains-associated-with-archaeological-artefacts
#15
Andre Carlo Colonese, Jessica Hendy, Alexandre Lucquin, Camilla F Speller, Matthew J Collins, Francesco Carrer, Regula Gubler, Marlu Kühn, Roman Fischer, Oliver E Craig
The domestication and transmission of cereals is one of the most fundamental components of early farming, but direct evidence of their use in early culinary practices and economies has remained frustratingly elusive. Using analysis of a well-preserved Early Bronze Age wooden container from Switzerland, we propose novel criteria for the identification of cereal residues. Using gas chromatography mass spectrometry (GC-MS), we identified compounds typically associated with plant products, including a series of phenolic lipids (alkylresorcinols) found only at appreciable concentration in wheat and rye bran...
July 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735852/roles-of-quorum-sensing-molecules-from-rhizobium-etli-rt1-in-bacterial-motility-and-biofilm-formation
#16
Swarnita Dixit, Ramesh Chand Dubey, Dinesh Kumar Maheshwari, Prahlad Kishore Seth, Vivek K Bajpai
Strain RT1 was isolated from root nodules of Lens culinaris (a lentil) and characterized as Rhizobium etli (a Gram-negative soil-borne bacterium) by 16S rDNA sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. The signaling molecules produced by R. etli (RT1) were detected and identified by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry. The most abundant and biologically active N-acyl homoserine lactone molecules (3-oxo-C8-HSL and 3-OH-C14-HSL) were detected in the ethyl acetate extract of RT1. The biological role of 3-oxo-C8-HSL was evaluated in RT1...
July 8, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730708/evaluation-of-the-hypocholesterolemic-effect-and-prebiotic-activity-of-a-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-extract
#17
Maria Vittoria Micioni Di Bonaventura, Cinzia Cecchini, Pilar Vila Donat, Giovanni Caprioli, Carlo Cifani, Maria Magdalena Coman, Alberto Cresci, Dennis Fiorini, Massimo Ricciutelli, Stefania Silvi, Sauro Vittori, Gianni Sagratini
SCOPE: the aim of our work was to produce a hydroalcoholic extract of lentils and to examine: a) the hypocholesterolemic action in an animal model, by studying the plasma cholesterol level and the concentration of bile acids in the faeces; b) the potential prebiotic effect, by conducting an in vitro culture fermentation experiment and assessing the level of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in the faeces of rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lentil extract (LE) was obtained by extracting lentils with a solution of H2 0/EtOH (70/30 v/v) for 3 h, and the content of main nutrients was determined...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724070/marker-trait-association-analysis-of-iron-and-zinc-concentration-in-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-seeds
#18
Hamid Khazaei, Rajib Podder, Carolyn T Caron, Shudhangshu S Kundu, Marwan Diapari, Albert Vandenberg, Kirstin E Bett
Lentil ( Medik.) seeds are relatively rich in iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn), making lentil a potential crop to aid in the global battle against human micronutrient deficiency. Understanding the genetic basis for uptake of seed Fe and Zn is required to increase sustainable concentrations of these minerals in seeds. The objectives of this study were to characterize genetic variation in seed Fe and Zn concentration and to identify molecular markers associated with these traits across diverse lentil accessions. A set of 138 cultivated lentil accessions from 34 countries were evaluated in four environments (2 sites × 2 yr) in Saskatchewan, Canada...
July 2017: Plant Genome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720941/chemical-composition-and-bioactivity-of-essential-oils-from-flower-and-fruit-of-thymbra-capitata-and-thymus-species
#19
Jonathan Delgado-Adámez, María Garrido, Maria Elena Bote, María C Fuentes-Pérez, Javier Espino, Daniel Martín-Vertedor
Thymbra capitata and Thymus species are commonly known as thyme in Spain and they are currently used as culinary herbs, as well as for ornamental, aromatizing and traditional medicinal purposes. Given the economic importance of thyme oils, many thyme species have been studied, and their essential oils (EOs) and other volatile-containing extracts have been chemically characterized. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities as well as the phytochemical composition of the EOs from fruits and flowers of T...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714425/the-share-of-ultra-processed-foods-determines-the-overall-nutritional-quality-of-diets-in-brazil
#20
Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Camila Zancheta Ricardo, Euridice Martinez Steele, Renata Bertazzi Levy, Geoffrey Cannon, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the dietary share of ultra-processed foods and to determine its association with the overall nutritional quality of diets in Brazil. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Brazil. SUBJECTS: A representative sample of 32 898 Brazilians aged ≥10 years was studied. Food intake data were collected. We calculated the average dietary content of individual nutrients and compared them across quintiles of energy share of ultra-processed foods...
July 17, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
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