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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500688/fennel-foeniculum-vulgare-mill-subsp-piperitum-florets-a-traditional-culinary-spice-in-italy-evaluation-of-phenolics-and-volatiles-in-local-populations-and-comparison-with-the-composition-of-other-plant-parts
#1
Federico Ferioli, Elisa Giambanelli, L Filippo D'Antuono
BACKGROUND: Wild fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill. subsp. piperitum) florets are used as a typical spice in central and southern Italy. Although fennel (Foeniculum vulgare Mill.), belonging to Apiaceae (syn. Umbelliferae) family, is a well-known vegetable and aromatic plant, whose main phytochemical compounds have been extensively analysed and investigated as flavouring agents and for their putative health promoting functions, its florets have not been specifically considered up to now...
May 13, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500404/analysis-of-genetic-structure-and-interrelationships-in-lentil-species-using-morphological-and-ssr-markers
#2
Priyanka Mohan Koul, Vikas Sharma, Maneet Rana, Rakesh K Chahota, Shiv Kumar, Tilak R Sharma
Genetic structure and relationships of 130 lentil accessions belonging to six taxa were analysed. For this purpose, seven morphological traits and 31 polymorphic simple sequence repeat (SSR) primers were used for this purpose. Morphological traits grouped lentil accessions into five main clusters. SSR primers collectively amplified 139 polymorphic alleles in a range of 2-10 with an average of 4.48 alleles. The size of amplified alleles varied from 50 to 650 bp. Polymorphism information content (PIC) ranged from 0...
May 2017: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499256/from-common-to-rare-zingiberaceae-plants-a-metabolomics-study-using-gc-ms
#3
Gina B Barbosa, Nirupama S Jayasinghe, Siria H A Natera, Ellen D Inutan, Nonita P Peteros, Ute Roessner
Zingiberaceae plants, commonly known as gingers, have been popular for their medicinal and culinary uses since time immemorial. In spite of their numerous health-promoting applications, many Zingiberaceae plants still receive no scientific attention. Moreover, existing reports mostly focused only on the Zingiberaceae rhizomes. Here, untargeted metabolite profiling using Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to compare the metabolic composition of leaves and rhizomes of the more common gingers, Zingiber officinale Rosc...
May 9, 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485661/lead-and-cadmium-in-mangrove-root-crab-goniopsis-cruentata-in-natura-and-at-food-processing-stages
#4
Renata G Costa, Homegnon A Ferreol Bah, Matheus J Bandeira, Sérgio S P Oliveira, José A Menezes-Filho
Lead (Pb) and cadmium (Cd) were determined in mangrove root crab (Goniopsis cruentata) tissues (in natura) and in two culinary preparations by graphite furnace atomic absorption spectrometry. Mangrove root crab samples from three sampling sites along the Jaguaripe River, Bahia, Brazil where lead glazed ceramics are produced and from two commercial preparations, were collected or purchased in March and April 2016. Cd levels in raw and processed samples were below the methods' LOD (0.016 mg kg(-1)), while Pb levels in the raw tissues were determined only in the gills (0...
May 9, 2017: Food Additives & Contaminants. Part B, Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28473711/mixed-reproductive-strategies-competitive-mating-type-distribution-and-life-cycle-of-fourteen-black-morel-species
#5
Xi-Hui Du, Qi Zhao, En-Hua Xia, Li-Zhi Gao, Franck Richard, Zhu L Yang
Morchella species are well known world-round as popular and prized edible fungi due to their unique culinary flavor. Recently, several species have been successfully cultivated in China. However, their reproductive modes are still unknown, and their basic biology needs to be elucidated. Here, we use the morel genome information to investigate mating systems and life cycles of fourteen black morel species. Mating type-specific primers were developed to screen and genotype ascospores, hymenia and stipes from 223 ascocarps of the 14 species from Asia and Europe...
May 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28472609/diagnosis-of-afp-negative-early-stage-hepatocellular-carcinoma-using-fuc-pon1
#6
Hong Shu, Wei Li, Shuxin Shang, Xue Qin, Shu Zhang, Yinkun Liu
Our previous study demonstrated that Fuc-PON1 (the ratio of fucosylated serum paraoxonase 1 to the total serum serum paraoxonase 1) was increased significantly in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) patients with low AFP levels. Herein, a separate cohort of AFP-negative (AFP(-)) early HCC patients was studied to validate the diagnostic potential of Fuc-PON1. Aleuria aurantia lectin (AAL) ELISA and protein ELISA were measured simultaneously to calculate PON1 fucosylation at its protein level. Lens culinaris agglutinin reactive AFP (AFP-L3) and glypican-3 (GPC3) concentrations of the same specimens were also evaluated...
March 2017: Discovery Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468251/rutin-enriched-extract-from-coriandrum-sativum-l-ameliorates-ionizing-radiation-induced-hematopoietic-injury
#7
Xiaodan Han, Xiaolei Xue, Yu Zhao, Yuan Li, Weili Liu, Junling Zhang, Saijun Fan
Hematopoietic injury is a major cause of mortality in radiation accidents and a primary side effect in patients undergoing radiotherapy. Ionizing radiation (IR)-induced myelosuppression is largely attributed to the injury of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs). Coriander is a culinary herb with multiple pharmacological effects and has been widely used in traditional medicine. In this study, flavonoids were identified as the main component of coriander extract with rutin being the leading compound (rutin-enriched coriander extract; RE-CE)...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458157/anti-inflammatory-and-anti-oxidant-effects-of-cardamom-elettaria-repens-sonn-baill-and-its-phytochemical-analysis-by-4d-gcxgc-tof-ms
#8
Hemanth Kumar Kandikattu, P Rachitha, G V Jayashree, K Krupashree, M Sukhith, Abdul Majid, Narayanappa Amruta, Farhath Khanum
Elleteria repens is a large cardamom used in the culinary preparations. In the present study, we have evaluated in vitro antioxidant and free radical scavenging activities E. repens hexane extract (ERH) exhibited DPPH and metal chelating activity with IC50 values of 464±28.3μg/ml, 199±7.2μg/ml whereas the reducing power and antioxidant activities are found to be 289±14.6 AAE/mg, 468±22.7 GAE/mg. The observed antioxidant activities could be correlated with metabolites such as polyphenol, flavonoid, and terpenoid group of compounds identified in hexane fraction of E...
April 27, 2017: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28450880/development-of-molecular-markers-for-iron-metabolism-related-genes-in-lentil-and-their-expression-analysis-under-excess-iron-stress
#9
Debjyoti Sen Gupta, Kevin McPhee, Shiv Kumar
Multiple genes and transcription factors are involved in the uptake and translocation of iron in plants from soil. The sequence information about iron uptake and translocation related genes is largely unknown in lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.). This study was designed to develop iron metabolism related molecular markers for Ferritin-1, BHLH-1 (Basic helix loop helix), or FER-like transcription factor protein and IRT-1 (Iron related transporter) genes using genome synteny with barrel medic (Medicago truncatula)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449398/feeding-induced-phenol-production-in-capsicum-annuum-l-influences-spodoptera-litura-f-larval-growth-and-physiology
#10
Vijaya Movva, Usha Rani Pathipati
We studied the role of induced plant phenols as a defense response to insect herbivory. Phenolic compounds were induced in Capsicum annuum L., the source of many culinary peppers, after feeding by different stages of the insect pest, Spodoptera litura F. The phenols were identified and quantified using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and effects produced by these phenols on larval development were studied. Vanillic acid was identified in plants challenged by second, fourth, and fifth instar larvae, but not in plants challenged by third instar nor unchallenged plants...
May 2017: Archives of Insect Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449277/expertise-shapes-domain-specific-functional-cerebral-asymmetry-during-mental-imagery-the-case-of-culinary-arts-and-music
#11
Moustafa Bensafi, Arnaud Fournel, Pauline Joussain, Johan Poncelet, Lauranne Przybylski
Mental imagery in experts has been documented in visual arts, music and dance. Here, we examined this issue in an understudied art domain, namely culinary arts. Previous research investigating mental imagery in experts has reported either a stronger involvement of the right hemisphere or bilateral brain activation. The first aim of our study was to examine whether culinary arts also recruit such a hemispheric pattern specifically during odor mental imagery. In a second aim, we investigated whether expertise effects observed in a given sensory domain transfer to another modality...
April 27, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448614/obtaining-retrotransposon-sequences-analysis-of-their-genomic-distribution-and-use-of-retrotransposon-derived-genetic-markers-in-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik
#12
Rita Rey-Baños, Luis E Sáenz de Miera, Pedro García, Marcelino Pérez de la Vega
Retrotransposons with long terminal repeats (LTR-RTs) are widespread mobile elements in eukaryotic genomes. We obtained a total of 81 partial LTR-RT sequences from lentil corresponding to internal retrotransposon components and LTRs. Sequences were obtained by PCR from genomic DNA. Approximately 37% of the LTR-RT internal sequences presented premature stop codons, pointing out that these elements must be non-autonomous. LTR sequences were obtained using the iPBS technique which amplifies sequences between LTR-RTs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436327/mechanism-of-glucose-regulates-the-fruiting-body-formation-in-the-beech-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-hypsizygus-marmoreus-agaricomycetes
#13
Jin-Jing Zhang, Hui Chen, Min-Ying Xie, Ming-Jie Chen, Hai-Bo Hao, Hong Wang, Zhi-Yong Feng
To understand the fruiting process of Hypsizygus marmoreus, a synthetic liquid medium (SLM) was optimized to induce fruiting body initiation. Dependent on the SLM, the effect of a monofactor (glucose) on the fruiting bodies of H. marmoreus was studied at different concentrations (10 and 40 g/L). Primordia appeared approximately 10 days earlier in low-glucose media (LGM) than in high-glucose media (HGM), whereas mature fruiting bodies formed on mushrooms approximately 7 days earlier and more primordia developed into mature fruiting bodies when cultured in HGM...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436326/evaluation-and-characterization-of-nutritive-properties-of-the-jelly-ear-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-auricularia-auricula-judae-agaricomycetes-from-nigeria
#14
Reginald Chibueze Ohiri, Essien Eka Bassey
This study investigated the nutritive properties of the culinary-medicinal mushroom Auricularia auricula- judae. From the analysis, among the major minerals, potassium was found in the highest concentration, with a value of 172.03 ± 8.62 mg/kg, whereas manganese had the highest concentration among trace elements, with a value of 1.66 ± 0.11 mg/kg. Glutamic acid was the amino acid detected in the largest amounts in this study, with a value of 10.09 ± 1.86 mg/kg. Although glutamine and asparagine were not detected in this mushroom, cysteine and methionine had the lowest concentrations, with values of 0...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436324/identification-of-a-new-fungal-pathogen-causing-white-villous-disease-on-the-fruiting-body-of-the-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-auricularia-auricula-judae-agaricomycetes-in-china
#15
Jie-Chi Zhang, Xiang-Hui Kong, Pi-Qi Zhang, Jia-Ning Liu, Yin-Peng Ma, Xiao-Dong Dai, Zeng-Hua Han, Qing-Fang Ma, Xiao-Yong Wang, Li-Ping Yu
Auricularia auricula-judae is an edible and medicinal fungus ranking fourth in production among the edible fungi cultivated worldwide. White villous disease is rampant in Northeast China; it infects the fruiting bodies of A. auricula-judae by forming a white mycelial layer on its ventral side. The disease not only causes an unacceptable morphological appearance and a poor-quality product, but it also significantly reduces the yield. In this study, based on fungal morphology, ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences, identification of species-specific primers, and the pathogenicity of the mycelia and spores, 2 fungal pathogens were isolated and identified as Fusarium equiseti and F...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436323/new-germplasms-of-the-culinary-medicinal-button-mushroom-agaricus-bisporus-agaricomycetes-two-wild-strains-from-the-tibetan-plateau-china
#16
Bin-Bin Li, Si-Ping Jiang, Ai-Guo Xu, Phurbu Dorji, Wen-Jing Wang, Xiao-Liang Wang, Tie-Zheng Wei, Zu-Tang Zhang, Yi-Jian Yao
Agaricus bisporus is one of the most important commercially cultivated culinary-medicinal mushrooms worldwide. In China, most of the cultivated strains of the fungus were introduced from other countries and cultivated in the eastern provinces. In this study, 2 wild strains of A. bisporus, 2091 and 2094, isolated from fresh specimens collected from the Tibetan Plateau, were domesticated and cultivated alongside a commercial hybrid strain, As2796, in Lhasa, China, for comparison in order to provide new germplasms for cultivation...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436319/in-vitro-antioxidant-and-in-vivo-hypolipidemic-effects-of-the-king-oyster-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-pleurotus-eryngii-var-ferulae-ddl01-agaricomycetes-in-rats-with-high-fat-diet-induced-fatty-liver-and-hyperlipidemia
#17
Jun-Hui Choi, Dae-Won Kim, Seung Kim, Sung-Jun Kim
We investigated the effect of the culinary-medicinal mushroom Pleurotus eryngii var. ferulae DDL01 on oxidative damage in the liver and brain and a high-fat/high-cholesterol-induced hyperlipidemic model. In in vitro studies, the water extracts of the fruiting bodies showed strong scavenging activities of DPPH (139.46 ± 3.2 μg) and hydroxyl (139.46 ± 3.2 μg) radicals. Moreover, the extracts showed Fe2+ chelating and reducing abilities, as well as a large amount of polyphenols and an inhibitory effect on lipid peroxidation in the liver and brain tissues...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427536/health-risks-of-food-oxidation
#18
Mario Estévez, Zhuqing Li, Olugbenga P Soladoye, Thomas Van-Hecke
The impact of dietary habits on our health is indisputable. Consumer's concern on aging and age-related diseases challenges scientists to underline the potential role of food on the extension and guarantee of lifespan and healthspan. While some dietary components and habits are generally regarded as beneficial for our health, some others are being found to exert potential toxic effects and hence, contribute to the onset of particular health disorders. Among the latter, lipid and protein oxidation products formed during food production, storage, processing, and culinary preparation have been recently identified as potentially harmful to humans...
2017: Advances in Food and Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28418171/formation-of-oxysterols-during-thermal-processing-and-frozen-storage-of-cooked-minced-meat
#19
Monika Sabolová, Barbora Pohořelá, Jakub Fišnar, Lenka Kouřimská, Diana Chrpová, Jan Pánek
BACKGROUND: Cholesterol is susceptible to oxidation and formation of oxysterols, which could have a negative health effect. The formation and distribution of oxysterols was studied in meatloaves prepared under different baking regimes with increased temperature or prolonged time. The effect of frozen storage and marjoram addition on the level of oxysterols was studied as well. RESULTS: The effect of baking regime on the content and distribution of oxysterols was found...
April 18, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397062/multi-metal-resistance-and-plant-growth-promotion-potential-of-a-wastewater-bacterium-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-and-its-synergistic-benefits
#20
Jayanta Kumar Biswas, Monojit Mondal, Jörg Rinklebe, Santosh Kumar Sarkar, Punarbasu Chaudhuri, Mahendra Rai, Sabry M Shaheen, Hocheol Song, Muhammad Rizwan
Water and soil pollution by toxic heavy metals (HMs) is increasing globally because of increase in population, industrialization and urbanization. It is a burning problem for the public, scientists, academicians and politicians how to tackle the toxic contaminants which jeopardize the environment. One possible solution for pollution abatement is a bioremediation-effective and innovative technology that uses biological systems for treatment of contaminants. Many bacteria synthesize indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) which is a product of L-tryptophan metabolism and belongs to the auxin class of plant growth-promoting hormone...
April 10, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
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