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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046701/safety-of-8-weeks-oral-administration-of-arctium-lappa-l
#1
So-Hyeon Bok, Seung Sik Cho, Chun-Sik Bae, Dae-Hun Park, Kyung-Mok Park
Recently, worldwide dietary reference intakes have been considered an important guideline for public health. Some governments and the World Health Organization (WHO) provide guidelines concerning dietary intake. Although an ingredient may have a history of use as a culinary material, changes in the environment over time suggest that the acceptable maximum intake each of food/culinary material should be regularly evaluated. Arctium lappa L. has been used as a culinary material for many centuries in Korea and Japan and some recent studies have reported related therapeutic effects...
September 2017: Laboratory Animal Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043994/terpenic-profile-of-different-rosmarinus-officinalis-extracts
#2
Neli-Kinga Olah, Daniela Benedec, Sonia Socaci, Claudia Crina Toma, Lorena Filip, Claudiu Morgovan, Daniela Hanganu
The Rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.), a well-known medicinal and culinary herb, was studied to compare the terpenic profile of different extracts obtained from dry and fresh herb. There were studied the volatile oil extracted by hydro distillation from dry plant, the hydroalcoholic extracts obtained from fresh respectively dry plant and the glycerol macerate obtained from fresh plant, by GC-MS using headspace injection. The separated compounds were identified using a MS spectra library. The quantitative determination was performed by normalization respectively by calibration curve method for 1,8-cineole, alpha-pinene and D-limonene...
July 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034472/protective-effects-of-curcumin-against-aflatoxicosis-a-comprehensive-review
#3
REVIEW
Mohammad Mohajeri, Behzad Behnam, Arrigo F G Cicero, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Aflatoxicosis is a deleterious medical condition that results from aflatoxins (AFs) or ochratoxins (OTs). Contamination with these toxins exerts detrimental effects on the liver, kidneys, reproductive organs, and also on immunological and cardiovascular systems. Aflatoxicosis is closely associated with overproduction of reactive oxygen species (ROS) as key contributors to oxidative and nitrosative stress responses, and subsequent damages to lipids, proteins, RNA, and DNA. The main target organ for AF toxicity is the liver, where DNA adducts, degranulation of endoplasmic reticulum, increased hepatic lipid peroxide, GSH depletion, mitochondrial dysfunction, and reduction of enzymatic and non-enzymatic antioxidants are manifestations of aflatoxicosis...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034240/dark-chocolate-opportunity-for-an-alliance-between-medical-science-and-the-food-industry
#4
Ivan M Petyaev, Yuriy K Bashmakov
Dark chocolate (DC) was originally introduced in human nutrition as a medicinal product consumable in a liquid form. Century-long efforts of food industry transformed this hardly appealing product into a valuable modern culinary delight with clear predominance of confectionery brands of DC on the market. However, current epidemiological data as well as multiple experimental and clinical observations reveal that DC consumption may have a profound effect on cardiovascular, central nervous systems, hemostasis, and lipid metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022100/sea-buckthorn-decreases-and-delays-insulin-response-and-improves-glycaemic-profile-following-a-sucrose-containing-berry-meal-a-randomised-controlled-crossover-study-of-danish-sea-buckthorn-and-strawberries-in-overweight-and-obese-male-subjects
#5
Maria Wichmann Mortensen, Camilla Spagner, Cătălina Cuparencu, Arne Astrup, Anne Raben, Lars Ove Dragsted
PURPOSE: Berries and mixed berry products exert acute effects on postprandial glycaemia and insulinemia, but very few berries have been studied, and primarily in normal weight subjects. Sea buckthorn and strawberry are compositionally widely different berries and may likely produce different responses. The effects of strawberry and sea buckthorn on postprandial glycaemia and insulinemia were examined in overweight or obese male subjects. Subjective appetite sensations and ad libitum intake were also examined...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993782/root-traits-nodulation-and-root-distribution-in-soil-for-five-wild-lentil-species-and-lens-culinaris-medik-grown-under-well-watered-conditions
#6
Linda Y Gorim, Albert Vandenberg
The efficient use of resources such as water and nutrients by plants is increasingly important as the world population food demand continues to grow. With the increased production of lentil in the temperate zones of North America, improvement in yield needs to be maintained. The use of wild lentil genotypes as sources of genetic diversity for introgression into cultivated lentil is an important breeding strategy, but little is known about their root systems. We evaluated the root systems of five wild lentil species and Lens culinaris under fully watered conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988154/checking-the-detail-in-retail-occurrence-of-cryptosporidium-and-giardia-on-vegetables-sold-across-different-counters-in-chandigarh-india
#7
Kjersti Selstad Utaaker, Anil Kumar, Himanshu Joshi, Suman Chaudhary, Lucy J Robertson
Fresh produce has been recognized as a vehicle of infection for protozoan parasites, particularly Cryptosporidium, and, to a lesser extent, Giardia. For both parasites, outbreaks associated with fresh produce have been documented. Although documented outbreaks tend to be from industrialized countries, contamination of fresh produce with these parasites is a global issue. In developing countries, infections with these parasites are often endemic in the community, and basic infrastructure and hygiene measures may be inadequate, thus the likelihood of contamination of fresh produce with these parasites may be higher...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979085/dietary-diversity-on-the-swahili-coast-the-fauna-from-two-zanzibar-trading-locales
#8
M E Prendergast, E M Quintana Morales, A Crowther, M C Horton, N L Boivin
Occupants of coastal and island eastern Africa-now known as the 'Swahili coast'-were involved in long-distance trade with the Indian Ocean world during the later first millennium CE. Such exchanges may be traced via the appearance of non-native animals in the archaeofaunal record; additionally, this record reveals daily culinary practises of the members of trading communities and can thus shed light on subsistence technologies and social organisation. Yet despite the potential contributions of faunal data to Swahili coast archaeology, few detailed zooarchaeological studies have been conducted...
July 2017: Int J Osteoarchaeol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964357/the-silymarin-composition%C3%A2-and-why-does-it-matter
#9
Christopher Steven Chambers, Veronika Holečková, Lucie Petrásková, David Biedermann, Kateřina Valentová, Martin Buchta, Vladimír Křen
The extract from milk thistle (Silybum marianum (L.) Gaertn. (Asteraceae)), known as silymarin, contains a variety of flavonolignans and displays antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory and hepatoprotective properties. As silybin is the main component of silymarin, the literature mainly focuses on this compound, ignoring all other components. This leads to problems in reproducibility of scientific results, as the exact composition of silymarin is often unknown and can vary to a certain degree depending on the processing, chemo-variety of the plant used and climatic conditions during the plant growth...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956853/lipidomics-unravels-the-role-of-leaf-lipids-in-thyme-plant-response-to-drought-stress
#10
Parviz Moradi, Atiyeh Mahdavi, Maryam Khoshkam, Marcello Iriti
Thymus is one of the best known genera within the Labiatae (Lamiaceae) family, with more than 200 species and many medicinal and culinary uses. The effects of prolonged drought on lipid profile were investigated in tolerant and sensitive thyme plants (Thymus serpyllum L. and Thymus vulgaris L., respectively). Non-targeted non-polar metabolite profiling was carried out using Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometry with one-month-old plants exposed to drought stress, and their morpho-physiological parameters were also evaluated...
September 28, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951058/use-of-community-readiness-model-to-develop-and-evaluate-a-pilot-culinary-training-program-for-school-nutrition-staff
#11
Deana A Hildebrand, Priscilla Blevins, Lillian Carl, Barbara Brown, Nancy M Betts, Tiffany Poe
OBJECTIVE: Use the Community Readiness Model (CRM) to develop and evaluate a contextually appropriate pilot culinary training program for school nutrition staff members. DESIGN: Mixed methods to guide intervention development. SETTINGS: Six school districts in rural and urban areas of a southwestern state. PARTICIPANTS: School nutrition staff (n = 36; female; <1 to >20 years' experience). INTERVENTION: Pre- and post-training assessments used the CRM...
September 23, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946315/effect-of-processing-on-the-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-protein-quality-of-red-and-green-lentils-lens-culinaris
#12
Matthew G Nosworthy, Gerardo Medina, Adam J Franczyk, Jason Neufeld, Paulyn Appah, Alphonsus Utioh, Peter Frohlich, James D House
In order to determine the effect of extrusion, baking and cooking on the protein quality of red and green lentils, a rodent bioassay was conducted and compared to an in vitro method of protein quality determination. On average, the Protein Digestibility-Corrected Amino Acid Score of red lentils (55.0) was higher than that of green lentils (50.8). Extruded lentil flour had higher scores (63.01 red, 57.09 green) than either cooked (57.40 red, 52.92 green) or baked (53.84 red, 47.14 green) flours. The average Digestible Indispensable Amino Acid Score of red lentils (0...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946310/resistant-starch-type-v-formation-in-brown-lentil-lens-culinaris-medikus-starch-with-different-lipids-fatty-acids
#13
Bahar Nur Okumus, Zeynep Tacer-Caba, Kevser Kahraman, Dilara Nilufer-Erdil
This study aimed to characterize the brown lentil (Lens culinaris Medikus) starch and investigate the formation of amylose-lipid complexes (Resistant Starch Type V) by the addition of different lipids/fatty acids (10%, w/w) to both raw and cooked starch samples. Resistant starch content (measured by the official method of AACCI (Method 32-40), using the resistant starch assay kit) of raw brown lentil starch (BLS) increased significantly by the additions of lipids/fatty acids, starch sample complexed with HSO (hydrogenated sunflower oil) (14...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946223/impact-of-cooking-process-on-nutritional-composition-and-antioxidants-of-cactus-cladodes-opuntia-ficus-indica
#14
Elsy De Santiago, Maite Domínguez-Fernández, Concepción Cid, María-Paz De Peña
The impact of cooking methods (boiling, microwaving, griddling and frying in olive and soybean oils) on nutritional composition (protein, minerals, fat, carbohydrates, fibre, fatty acid profile and energy), antioxidant capacity and (poly)phenolic compounds of cactus cladodes (Opuntia ficus-indica) was evaluated. Culinary processes, except boiling, increased soluble and insoluble fibre up to 5.0g/100g becoming a good fibre source. Cactus cladodes fried in olive oil showed a healthier fatty acid profile and lower ω-6/ω-3 ratio than in soybean oil...
February 1, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943112/update-on-food-safety-of-monosodium-l-glutamate-msg
#15
REVIEW
Helen Nonye Henry-Unaeze
OBJECTIVE: This evidence-based safety review of the flavor enhancer monosodium l-glutamate (MSG) was triggered by its global use and recent studies expressing some safety concerns. METHODOLOGY: This article obtained information through search of evidence-based scientific databases, especially the US National Library of Medicine NIH. RESULTS: (A) MSG is a water-soluble salt of glutamate, a non-essential amino acid, normally synthesized in the body and prevalent in protein foods...
September 18, 2017: Pathophysiology: the Official Journal of the International Society for Pathophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940378/potential-risk-of-weed-outbreak-by-increasing-biochar-s-application-rates-in-slow-growth-legume-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik
#16
Mahdi Safaei Khorram, Akram Fatemi, Md Asaduzzaman Khan, Rudolf Kiefer, Sasan Jafarnia
BACKGROUND: Biochar amendment as a promising tool to improve the soil quality and consequently, higher crop yield has received more attention during last decades. The positive effects of biochar have been getting more attention especially in the areas with low precipitation rate like Middle East, due to low soil organic carbon content, higher drought intensity, and increasing demands for food production. However, biochar can lead to lower herbicide efficacy, resulting in higher consumption of herbicides...
September 22, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939370/peer-led-culinary-skills-intervention-for-adolescents-pilot-study-of-the-impact-on-knowledge-attitude-and-self-efficacy
#17
Amanda R Oakley, Sarah A Nelson, Sharon M Nickols-Richardson
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact and feasibility of a culinary skills intervention for adolescents led by peer educators compared with adult educators. METHODS: Adolescents (aged 11-14 years) were randomized to peer educator (n = 22) or adult educator (n = 20) groups and attended 2 2.5-hour culinary skills lessons addressing knife skills, cooking methods, and recipes. Knowledge, attitude, and self-efficacy measurements were completed before and immediately after the intervention and at 3 and 6 months after the intervention...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939231/counter-current-chromatography-with-off-line-detection-by-ultra-high-performance-liquid-chromatography-high-resolution-mass-spectrometry-in-the-study-of-the-phenolic-profile-of-lippia-origanoides
#18
Suzana Guimaraes Leitão, Gilda Guimarães Leitão, Douglas K T Vicco, João Paulo Barreto Pereira, Gustavo de Morais Simão, Danilo R Oliveira, Rita Celano, Luca Campone, Anna Lisa Piccinelli, Luca Rastrelli
Lippia origanoides (Verbenaceae) is an important Brazilian medicinal plant, also used for culinary purposes. Most chemical studies with this plant have been focused on its volatile composition. In this work, we combined High-Speed Counter-current Chromatography (HSCCC) and High Performance Liquid Chromatography coupled to Ultra Violet detection and High Resolution Mass Spectrometry (HPLC-UV-HRMS(n)) methodologies to access the non-volatile chemical composition of L. origanoides. The crude ethanol extract of L...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937354/energy-contribution-of-nova-food-groups-and-sociodemographic-determinants-of-ultra-processed-food-consumption-in-the-mexican-population
#19
Joaquín A Marrón-Ponce, Tania G Sánchez-Pimienta, Maria Laura da Costa Louzada, Carolina Batis
OBJECTIVE: To identify the energy contributions of NOVA food groups in the Mexican diet and the associations between individual sociodemographic characteristics and the energy contribution of ultra-processed foods (UPF). DESIGN: We classified foods and beverages reported in a 24 h recall according to the NOVA food framework into: (i) unprocessed or minimally processed foods; (ii) processed culinary ingredients; (iii) processed foods; and (iv) UPF. We estimated the energy contribution of each food group and ran a multiple linear regression to identify the associations between sociodemographic characteristics and UPF energy contribution...
September 22, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934138/inhibitory-effects-of-culinary-herbs-and-spices-on-the-growth-of-hca-7-colorectal-cancer-cells-and-their-cox-2-expression
#20
Andrius Jaksevicius, Mark Carew, Calli Mistry, Helmout Modjtahedi, Elizabeth I Opara
It is unclear if the anti-inflammatory properties of culinary herbs and spices (CHS) are linked to their ability to inhibit Colorectal cancer cell (CRC) growth. Furthermore, their therapeutic potential with regards to CRC is unknown. The aim of this study was to establish if the inhibition of HCA-7 CRC cell growth by a selection of culinary herbs and spices (CHS) is linked to the inhibition of the cells' cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2 )expression, and to investigate their therapeutic potential. CHS inhibited the growth of Human colon adenocarcinoma-7 (HCA-7) cells; the order of potency was turmeric, bay leaf, ginger, sage, and rosemary; their combinations had a synergistic or additive effect on cell growth inhibition...
September 21, 2017: Nutrients
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