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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720941/chemical-composition-and-bioactivity-of-essential-oils-from-flower-and-fruit-of-thymbra-capitata-and-thymus-species
#1
Jonathan Delgado-Adámez, María Garrido, Maria Elena Bote, María C Fuentes-Pérez, Javier Espino, Daniel Martín-Vertedor
Thymbra capitata and Thymus species are commonly known as thyme in Spain and they are currently used as culinary herbs, as well as for ornamental, aromatizing and traditional medicinal purposes. Given the economic importance of thyme oils, many thyme species have been studied, and their essential oils (EOs) and other volatile-containing extracts have been chemically characterized. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antioxidant, antimicrobial and cytotoxic activities as well as the phytochemical composition of the EOs from fruits and flowers of T...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699499/effectiveness-of-argan-oil-on-knee-osteoarthritis-symptoms-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-trial
#2
Jamila Essouiri, Taoufik Harzy, Nadia Benaicha, Mourad Errasfa, Abourazzak Fatima Ezzahra
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (KOA) is a common chronic degenerative disorder. It causes joints pain, walking difficulties and a decline of general physical function. Many pain drugs and treatment modalities can be prescribed for KOA. Among traditional medicine in Morocco, Argan oil has been used in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis to reduce pain and improve physical activity, though there have been no medical-based evidence for such treatment. Argan oil is known to have anti-oxidant and lipid modulatory properties due to its content of many substances, such as tocopherols, phytosterols, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids...
July 10, 2017: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605342/compositional-differences-of-the-winter-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-flammulina-velutipes-agaricomycetes-under-three-types-of-light-conditions
#3
Shu-Yao Tsai, Erh-Wen Huang, Chun-Ping Lin
The focus of this study was to investigate the effect of light on the cultivation and the amounts of bio-active components in Flammulina velutipes. The mushrooms were cultivated under fluorescent tube (T8) grow lights, lightemitting diodes (LEDs), and cold-cathode fluorescent lamps. The biological efficiency of the T8 lights was the highest, at 92%. The crude fat content, crude fiber content, polysaccharide content, and ergosterol content were highest under the LEDs, at 2.9 g/100 g, 7.9 g/100 g, 3.9 g/100 g, and 1...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605340/vitamin-d2-stability-during-the-refrigerated-storage-of-ultraviolet-b-treated-cultivated-culinary-medicinal-mushrooms
#4
Aneta Slawinska, Emilia Fornal, Wojciech Radzki, Ewa Jablonska-Rys, Ewa Parfieniuk
The effects of ultraviolet B (UVB) irradiation on the synthesis of vitamin D2 and its stability during refrigerated storage was determined in fresh cultivated culinary-medicinal mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus, Pleurotus ostreatus, and Lentinus edodes) after harvest. The irradiated mushrooms were stored at 4°C for up to 10 days. The concentrations of vitamin D2 and ergosterol were determined using ultrahigh-performance liquid chromatography/tandem mass spectrometry. The cultivated mushrooms not treated with UVB were devoid of vitamin D2...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605334/an-overview-of-culinary-and-medicinal-mushrooms-in-neurodegeneration-and-neurotrauma-research
#5
Kah-Hui Wong, Chai-Chee Ng, Gowri Kanagasabapathy, Yoon-Yen Yow, Vikineswary Sabaratnam
Culinary and medicinal mushrooms have been appreciated since prehistoric times as valuable resources for food and medicine. Edible mushrooms represent an untapped source of nutraceuticals and valuable palatable food. Long considered tonics, they are now treasured as functional foods that can improve human health and quality of life. Numerous studies have provided insights into the neuroprotective effects of edible mushrooms, which are attributed to their antioxidant, antineuroinflammatory, and cholinesterase inhibitory properties, and their ability to prevent neuronal death...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605326/effect-of-different-proportions-of-agrowaste-on-cultivation-yield-and-nutritional-composition-of-the-culinary-medicinal-jelly-mushroom-auricularia-polytricha-higher-basidiomycetes
#6
Chiu-Yeh Wu, Chih-Hung Liang, Kuan-Jzen Wu, Hsin-Der Shih, Zeng-Chin Liang
In this study, Auricularia polytricha was cultivated on a sawdust basal substrate supplemented with different proportions (30%, 45%, and 60%, respectively) of agrowastes-sugarcane bagasse (SB), rice straw (RS), and rice husk (RH)-to evaluate the alternative substrates. The mycelial growth rate, total colonization time, time to first primordia, biological efficiency, and chemical composition of the fruiting bodies were determined. Results indicated that the 60% SB substrate was the best substrate for mycelial growth of A...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605325/turmeric-bioprocessed-with-mycelia-from-the-shiitake-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-lentinus-edodes-agaricomycetes-protects-mice-against-salmonellosis
#7
Sung Phil Kim, Sang Jong Lee, Seok Hyun Nam, Mendel Friedman
This study investigated the suppressive mechanisms of an extract from bioprocessed Lentinus edodes mycelial liquid culture supplemented with turmeric (bioprocessed Curcuma longa extract [BPCLE]) against murine salmonellosis. The BPLCE extract from the bioprocessed mycelia of the Salmonella Typhimurium into murine RAW 264.7 macrophage cells, elimination of intracellular bacteria, and elevation of inducible nitric oxide synthase expression. Dietary administration of BPCLE activated leukocytes from the mice infected with Salmonella through the intraperitoneal route...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605324/sulfation-of-the-extracellular-polysaccharide-produced-by-the-king-oyster-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-pleurotus-eryngii-agaricomycetes-and-its-antioxidant-properties-in-vitro
#8
Xuewei Jia, Chong Wang, Yanhong Bai, Jinwei Yu, Chunping Xu
Extracellular polysaccharide from Pleurotus eryngii was sulfated; the optimum reaction conditions used pyridine as the reaction solvent, a temperature of 80°C, and a reaction time of 90 minutes. The structure and antioxidant activity of the sulfated and original polysaccharides (designated as SF-1 and Fr-1, respectively) were investigated. The main functional groups of polysaccharides were determined by Fourier transform infrared, and the chain conformation was determined by size-exclusion chromatography with laser light scattering and viscometry...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28552988/introducing-a-novel-mushroom-from-mycophagy-community-with-emphasis-on-biomedical-potency
#9
Somanjana Khatua, Arun Kumar Dutta, Swarnendu Chandra, Soumitra Paloi, Kanad Das, Krishnendu Acharya
Mushrooms have been prized by humankind as medicine and culinary wonder since antiquity. Though several species are ethnically valued; many prospective species are still being discovered. One such wild macrofungus has recently been discovered during subsequent field surveys in West Bengal, India which in turn exposed as a traditionally consumed popular myco-food. The collected taxon was found to be unique with regard to its morphological as well as genetical features. After detailed characterizations, the fungus was identified as a novel taxon belonging to the genus Russula (Russulaceae, Basidiomycota)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528955/potential-therapeutic-activity-of-phlogacanthus-thyrsiformis-hardow-mabb-flower-extract-and-its-biofabricated-silver-nanoparticles-against-chemically-induced-urolithiasis-in-male-wistar-rats
#10
Poppy Das, Kiran Kumar, Arunai Nambiraj, Reshma Rajan, Rajendra Awasthi, Kamal Dua, Himaja M
Urolithiasis is a painful disorder in which stones are formed in the kidney, bladder or urethra. There are no proper therapeutic treatments available for kidney stones and people suffering from larger stones have to undergo surgery which has many side effects. A natural remedy with therapeutic effects that can dissipate and remove even the larger stones would eliminate the need of a surgery and the risks associated with it. The flowers of Phlogacanthus thyrsiformis used in culinary recipes in the north eastern India are also widely used as a folklore medicine for the treatment of kidney stones and liver disorders...
May 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28499256/from-common-to-rare-zingiberaceae-plants-a-metabolomics-study-using-gc-ms
#11
Gina B Barbosa, Nirupama S Jayasinghe, Siria H A Natera, Ellen D Inutan, Nonita P Peteros, Ute Roessner
Zingiberaceae plants, commonly known as gingers, have been popular for their medicinal and culinary uses since time immemorial. In spite of their numerous health-promoting applications, many Zingiberaceae plants still receive no scientific attention. Moreover, existing reports mostly focused only on the Zingiberaceae rhizomes. Here, untargeted metabolite profiling using Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS) was used to compare the metabolic composition of leaves and rhizomes of the more common gingers, Zingiber officinale Rosc...
August 2017: Phytochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468251/rutin-enriched-extract-from-coriandrum-sativum-l-ameliorates-ionizing-radiation-induced-hematopoietic-injury
#12
Xiaodan Han, Xiaolei Xue, Yu Zhao, Yuan Li, Weili Liu, Junling Zhang, Saijun Fan
Hematopoietic injury is a major cause of mortality in radiation accidents and a primary side effect in patients undergoing radiotherapy. Ionizing radiation (IR)-induced myelosuppression is largely attributed to the injury of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells (HSPCs). Coriander is a culinary herb with multiple pharmacological effects and has been widely used in traditional medicine. In this study, flavonoids were identified as the main component of coriander extract with rutin being the leading compound (rutin-enriched coriander extract; RE-CE)...
April 29, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436327/mechanism-of-glucose-regulates-the-fruiting-body-formation-in-the-beech-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-hypsizygus-marmoreus-agaricomycetes
#13
Jin-Jing Zhang, Hui Chen, Min-Ying Xie, Ming-Jie Chen, Hai-Bo Hao, Hong Wang, Zhi-Yong Feng
To understand the fruiting process of Hypsizygus marmoreus, a synthetic liquid medium (SLM) was optimized to induce fruiting body initiation. Dependent on the SLM, the effect of a monofactor (glucose) on the fruiting bodies of H. marmoreus was studied at different concentrations (10 and 40 g/L). Primordia appeared approximately 10 days earlier in low-glucose media (LGM) than in high-glucose media (HGM), whereas mature fruiting bodies formed on mushrooms approximately 7 days earlier and more primordia developed into mature fruiting bodies when cultured in HGM...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436326/evaluation-and-characterization-of-nutritive-properties-of-the-jelly-ear-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-auricularia-auricula-judae-agaricomycetes-from-nigeria
#14
Reginald Chibueze Ohiri, Essien Eka Bassey
This study investigated the nutritive properties of the culinary-medicinal mushroom Auricularia auricula- judae. From the analysis, among the major minerals, potassium was found in the highest concentration, with a value of 172.03 ± 8.62 mg/kg, whereas manganese had the highest concentration among trace elements, with a value of 1.66 ± 0.11 mg/kg. Glutamic acid was the amino acid detected in the largest amounts in this study, with a value of 10.09 ± 1.86 mg/kg. Although glutamine and asparagine were not detected in this mushroom, cysteine and methionine had the lowest concentrations, with values of 0...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436324/identification-of-a-new-fungal-pathogen-causing-white-villous-disease-on-the-fruiting-body-of-the-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-auricularia-auricula-judae-agaricomycetes-in-china
#15
Jie-Chi Zhang, Xiang-Hui Kong, Pi-Qi Zhang, Jia-Ning Liu, Yin-Peng Ma, Xiao-Dong Dai, Zeng-Hua Han, Qing-Fang Ma, Xiao-Yong Wang, Li-Ping Yu
Auricularia auricula-judae is an edible and medicinal fungus ranking fourth in production among the edible fungi cultivated worldwide. White villous disease is rampant in Northeast China; it infects the fruiting bodies of A. auricula-judae by forming a white mycelial layer on its ventral side. The disease not only causes an unacceptable morphological appearance and a poor-quality product, but it also significantly reduces the yield. In this study, based on fungal morphology, ribosomal DNA internal transcribed spacer sequences, identification of species-specific primers, and the pathogenicity of the mycelia and spores, 2 fungal pathogens were isolated and identified as Fusarium equiseti and F...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436323/new-germplasms-of-the-culinary-medicinal-button-mushroom-agaricus-bisporus-agaricomycetes-two-wild-strains-from-the-tibetan-plateau-china
#16
Bin-Bin Li, Si-Ping Jiang, Ai-Guo Xu, Phurbu Dorji, Wen-Jing Wang, Xiao-Liang Wang, Tie-Zheng Wei, Zu-Tang Zhang, Yi-Jian Yao
Agaricus bisporus is one of the most important commercially cultivated culinary-medicinal mushrooms worldwide. In China, most of the cultivated strains of the fungus were introduced from other countries and cultivated in the eastern provinces. In this study, 2 wild strains of A. bisporus, 2091 and 2094, isolated from fresh specimens collected from the Tibetan Plateau, were domesticated and cultivated alongside a commercial hybrid strain, As2796, in Lhasa, China, for comparison in order to provide new germplasms for cultivation...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436319/in-vitro-antioxidant-and-in-vivo-hypolipidemic-effects-of-the-king-oyster-culinary-medicinal-mushroom-pleurotus-eryngii-var-ferulae-ddl01-agaricomycetes-in-rats-with-high-fat-diet-induced-fatty-liver-and-hyperlipidemia
#17
Jun-Hui Choi, Dae-Won Kim, Seung Kim, Sung-Jun Kim
We investigated the effect of the culinary-medicinal mushroom Pleurotus eryngii var. ferulae DDL01 on oxidative damage in the liver and brain and a high-fat/high-cholesterol-induced hyperlipidemic model. In in vitro studies, the water extracts of the fruiting bodies showed strong scavenging activities of DPPH (139.46 ± 3.2 μg) and hydroxyl (139.46 ± 3.2 μg) radicals. Moreover, the extracts showed Fe2+ chelating and reducing abilities, as well as a large amount of polyphenols and an inhibitory effect on lipid peroxidation in the liver and brain tissues...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330174/salicornia-evaluating-the-halophytic-extremophile-as-a-food-and-a-pharmaceutical-candidate
#18
REVIEW
Seema Patel
Food insecurity is a major issue in current scenario where a large section of mankind is at risk of insufficient diet. As food productivity has its limits, the prospecting of unutilized or underutilized flora as food candidates is collectively recognized as a sustainable option. In the past decade, a number of obscure plants have been identified to be rich in dietary components and deemed fit for integration into the food platter. This review discusses a candidate Salicornia, belonging to family Amaranthaceae...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322147/molecular-characterization-and-antioxidant-potential-of-three-wild-culinary-medicinal-mushrooms-from-tripura-northeast-india
#19
Aparajita Roy Das, Madhusmita Borthakur, Ajay Krishna Saha, Santa Ram Joshi, Panna Das
The aim of this study was to characterize 3 wild culinary-medicinal mushrooms using molecular tools and to analyze their antioxidant activity. Antioxidant properties were studied by evaluating free radical scavenging, reducing power, and chelating effect. The mushrooms were identified as Lentinus squarrosulus, L. tuber-regium, and Macrocybe gigantean by amplifying internal transcribed spacer regions of ribosomal DNA. The results demonstrated that the methanolic extract of M. gigantean has the highest free radical scavenging effect and chelating effect, whereas the methanolic extract of L...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322143/in-vitro-and-in-vivo-antidiabetic-evaluation-of-selected-culinary-medicinal-mushrooms-agaricomycetes
#20
Varinder Singh, Gurleen Kaur Bedi, Richa Shri
Management of type 2 diabetes by delaying or preventing glucose absorption using natural products is gaining significant attention. Edible mushrooms are well documented for their nutritional and medicinal properties. This investigation was designed to evaluate the antidiabetic activity of aqueous extracts of selected culinary-medicinal mushrooms, namely, Pleurotus ostreatus, Calocybe indica, and Volvariella volvacea, using in vitro models (α-amylase inhibition assay, glucose uptake by yeast cells, and glucose adsorption capacity)...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
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