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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937949/international-vision-care-issues-and-approaches
#1
Rohit C Khanna, Srinivas Marmamula, Gullapalli N Rao
Globally, 32.4 million individuals are blind and 191 million have moderate or severe visual impairment (MSVI); 80% of cases of blindness and MSVI are avoidable. However, great efforts are needed to tackle blindness and MSVI, as eye care in most places is delivered in isolation from and without significant integration with general health sectors. Success stories, including control of vitamin A deficiency, onchocerciasis, and trachoma, showed that global partnerships, multisectoral collaboration, public-private partnerships, corporate philanthropy, support from nongovernmental organizations-both local and international-and governments are responsible for the success of these programs...
September 15, 2017: Annual Review of Vision Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937870/student-led-screening-of-school-children-for-refractive-error-correction
#2
Dipesh Bhattarai, Subodh Gnyawali, Arpan Silwal, Sudan Puri, Anita Shrestha, Man Bahadur Kunwar, Madan Prasad Upadhyay
PURPOSE: Detection and correction of uncorrected refractive errors among 12 million children is an overwhelming task for the 500 currently available eye-care professionals in Nepal. A mid-term review of VISION 2020 goals in Nepal has recommended utilizing alternative human resources that could screen children for visual impairment. This study was conducted to assess the validity of vision screening of school children by trained high school students when compared to optometrist testing as the gold standard...
September 22, 2017: Ophthalmic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937148/transition-from-paediatric-to-adult-ophthalmology-services-what-matters-most-to-young-people-with-visual-impairment
#3
A O Robertson, V Tadić, J S Rahi
PurposeTo identify the views and experiences and thus the transition-related needs of young people with visual impairment (VI), so as to inform future practice and policies.Patients and methodsQualitative study of 17 young people aged 16-19 years (ie the conventional transition age threshold) with VI (best-corrected acuity logMAR worse than 0.48) and without additional impairments, drawn from a sampling frame of paediatric ophthalmology patients attending Great Ormond Street Hospital and Moorfields Eye Hospital (London, UK)...
September 22, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936054/patterns-of-intermediate-uveitis-in-children-presenting-at-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-south-india
#4
Radha Annamalai, Jyotirmay Biswas
PURPOSE: To study the patterns of intermediate uveitis in the pediatric age group in a referral eye care center in South India. METHODS: This is a study of twenty consecutive patients under 16 years of age with intermediate uveitis, conducted at a tertiary referral center. Numerous variables were assessed, including age and gender distribution, laboratory data, the presence of systemic diseases, onset and course of ocular inflammation, clinical features, their complications, therapeutic strategies with their outcomes, remission, final visual acuity (VA), and characteristics associated with poor visual outcome...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936051/bacterial-contamination-of-multi-dose-eye-drops-at-ophthalmology-department-university-of-gondar-northwest-ethiopia
#5
Asegedech Tsegaw, Asamere Tsegaw, Tefera Abula, Yared Assefa
PURPOSE: Ophthalmic solutions used for both diagnostic and therapeutic purposes were found to be contaminated with bacteria pathogens and caused serious ocular infections such as keratitis and endophthalmitis. The objective was to assess the magnitude and pattern of bacterial contamination of multi-dose ophthalmic medications and investigate the drug susceptibility pattern of the isolates in the Department of Ophthalmology at Gondar University Teaching Hospital. METHODS: A total of 100 ophthalmic medications in-use by patients and eye-care workers have been taken and cultured for potential bacterial contamination in the Microbiology Department after 1 week and >1 week of use...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936049/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-dry-eye-symptoms-in-a-saudi-arabian-population
#6
Abdulaziz A Alshamrani, Abdulwahab S Almousa, Abdulrahman A Almulhim, Abdullah A Alafaleq, Mohammed B Alosaimi, Abdulrahman M Alqahtani, Ammar M Almulhem, Mohammed A Alshamrani, Ahmad H Alhallafi, Ismail Z Alqahtani, Abdullah A Alshehri
BACKGROUND: The information about dry eye epidemiology in Saudi Arabia is few in literature. PURPOSE: To estimate the prevalence and identify determinants of dry eye symptoms (DES) in Al-Ahsa, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: Using a multi-stage proportionate sampling technique, Saudis of both genders from 6 urban and 4 rural Primary Health Care centers in Al-Ahsa were enrolled. They were interviewed to gather data on sociodemography, symptoms of dry eye, factors potentially related to dry eye, and chronic comorbidities...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931988/the-relationship-between-ground-reaction-force-in-sit-to-stand-movement-and-lower-extremity-function-in-community-dwelling-japanese-older-adults-using-long-term-care-insurance-services
#7
Shaoshuai Shen, Takumi Abe, Taishi Tsuji, Keisuke Fujii, Jingyu Ma, Tomohiro Okura
[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate which of the four chair-rising methods has low-load and the highest success rate, and whether the GRF parameters in that method are useful for measuring lower extremity function among physically frail Japanese older adults. [Subjects and Methods] Fifty-two individuals participated in this study. The participants voluntarily attempted four types of Sit-to-stand test (one variation without and three variations with the use of their arms). The following parameters were measured: peak reaction force (F/w), two force development rate parameters (RFD1...
September 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931300/-benefits-and-negatives-of-corticosteroid-therapy-in-corneal-pathologies
#8
M Zemanová, V Matušková
INTRODUCTION: Corticosteroid therapy is very beneficial in many types of eye diseases. Corticosteroids are used in the treatment of inflammatory and immunological diseases of the eye. PURPOSE: The aim is to present basic informations about effects of steroids in tissues, their side effects and treatment strategy. METHODS AND RESULTS: Authors process overview of local and systemic steroids and their dosage forms. They refer to the most common problems associated with corticosteroid therapy...
2017: Ceská a Slovenská Oftalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931170/strengthening-teachers-abilities-to-implement-a-vision-health-program-in-taiwanese-schools
#9
L C Chang, L L Liao, M I Chen, Y Z Niu, P L Hsieh
We designed a school-based, nationwide program called the 'New Era in Eye Health' to strengthen teacher training and to examine whether the existence of a government vision care policy influenced teachers' vision care knowledge and students' behavior. Baseline data and 3-month follow-up data were compared. A random sample of teachers (n = 660) from school vision health clusters in 22 cities/counties in Taiwan were invited to participate in our study and 436 agreed to participate (response rate = 66.1%). The mean age of participant teachers was 41...
October 1, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929726/-factors-associated-to-medical-visits-comparison-among-italians-and-immigrants-resident-in-italy
#10
Anteo Di Napoli, Monica Perez, Alessandra Rossi, Daniele Spizzichino, Laura Iannucci, Lidia Gargiulo, Daniela Panaccione, Concetta Mirisola, Alessio Petrelli
OBJECTIVES: to evaluate the role of factors potentially associated with the use of medical visits by the immigrant population living in Italy, making a comparison with the Italian population. DESIGN: cross-sectional study based on the representative sample of the population residing in Italy considered in the Survey "Health and use of health services" conducted by the Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) in 2013. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: the study was conducted on a sample of citizens aged 18-64 years (72,476 individuals) representing a population of 37,290,440 residents in Italy (33...
May 2017: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927398/ocular-knowledge-and-practice-among-type-2-diabetic-patients-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bangladesh
#11
Kazi Rumana Ahmed, Fatema Jebunessa, Sharmin Hossain, Hasina Akhter Chowdhury
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Diabetes mellitus is likely to have a major effect on vision, and adequate knowledge of its ocular manifestations is of substantial importance to diabetic patients. The study aimed to assess the ocular knowledge and practices among Type 2 diabetic patients of Bangladesh. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 122 diabetic patients from the outpatient department (OPD) of the apex diabetic healthcare hospital of the country under the sponsorship of the Diabetic Association of Bangladesh (BIRDEM)...
September 19, 2017: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924679/psycho-oncology-a-patient-s-view
#12
Patricia Garcia-Prieto
Culturally the most important, valued, and less stigmatized part of cancer care is the medical part: The surgeon cutting the tumors out and the oncologist leading the strategic decision-making of the medical treatments available. The least valued and stigmatized part of cancer remains the psychosocial care. This chapter describes-through the eyes of an academic, psychologist, stage IV melanoma patient, and patient advocate-how one patient navigated changing psycho-oncological needs from early stage-to-stage IV through a whole range of psychological interventions available...
2018: Recent Results in Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924339/assessment-of-retinal-nerve-fiber-layer-changes-by-cirrus-high-definition-optical-coherence-tomography-in-myopia
#13
Divya Singh, Sanjay K Mishra, Esha Agarwal, Reetika Sharma, Shibal Bhartiya, Tanuj Dada
INTRODUCTION: To evaluate the relationship between retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) thickness measured by Cirrus high-definition (HD) optical coherence tomography (OCT) and the axial length and refractive error of the eye. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 eyes of 100 healthy subjects (age 20-34 years with M/F ratio of 57/43), comprising 50 eyes with emmetropia [spherical equivalent (SE) 0 D], 25 eyes with moderate myopia (SE between -4 D and -8 D), and 25 eyes with high myopia (SE between -8 D and -12 D) were analyzed in this cross-sectional study...
May 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924338/neovascular-glaucoma-a-retrospective-review-from-a-tertiary-eye-care-center-in-mexico
#14
Gabriel Lazcano-Gomez, Jeffrey R Soohoo, Anne Lynch, Levi N Bonell, Karina Martinez, Mauricio Turati, Roberto Gonzalez-Salinas, Jesus Jimenez-Roman, Malik Y Kahook
AIM: To describe the demographic characteristics, ocular comorbidities, and clinical outcomes of patients with neovascular glaucoma (NVG) and to determine the number of patients who returned for a follow-up eye examination. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We examined the clinical data of patients with NVG, who attended a glaucoma clinic between July 2010 and November 2014. We collected information on the demographic characteristics of the patients to include the level of education, ocular comorbidities, NVG stage, visual acuity, glaucoma medications, intraocular pressure (IOP), and the number of patients who had a follow-up ocular examination at month 1, 3, 6, and 12...
May 2017: Journal of Current Glaucoma Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924312/outcome-of-early-surgery-in-infantile-esotropia-our-experience-in-tertiary-care-hospital
#15
Anirudh Singh, J K S Parihar, S K Mishra, R Maggon, Anurag Badhani
BACKGROUND: Infantile esotropia is a convergent strabismus presenting before 6 months of age and is the most common strabismus disorder presenting in the ophthalmology OPD. The dilemma of whether to go for early surgery and how early has been a matter of research for the last 50 years. We describe our results of surgery in infantile esotropia at variable age groups, as well as with different reoperation rates and compare with the results in western literature. METHODS: A prospective study was carried out through a review of 113 cases operated for infantile esotropia between February 2013 and August 2014...
April 2017: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923584/seeing-the-difference-painless-progressive-vision-loss-in-a-vasculopath
#16
Jenny L Lauschke, Katherine Masselos, Jennifer Sandbach, Clare L Fraser
A 78-year-old Caucasian man with significant vascular disease reported sudden onset of worsened vision during a routine wound-care appointment for non-healing necrotic leg ulcers. He described painless blurring of vision with grey scotomas in his RE, his only well-seeing eye, following trauma to the LE as a child. He presented with retinal ischemia, a cotton-wool spot and optic nerve swelling. Temporal artery biopsy showed myxoid degeneration and extensive calcium deposition which also was shown on imaging throughout his carotid and vertebral arterial system, the clinical picture of calciphylaxis...
September 15, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922699/vision-assessment-in-persons-with-intellectual-disabilities
#17
Werner Eisenbarth
PURPOSE: To investigate the degree of visual acuity in workers with intellectual disabilities and the impact of vision on their working conditions. METHODS: We recruited 224 workers (mean age 43.77 years, SD ± 12.96; range, 19-72 years) from a workshop for those with intellectual disabilities, to participate in a vision examination program. The assessment consisted of objective refraction, visual acuity, ocular motility, near-point of convergence, cover/uncover test, stereo acuity and colour perception...
September 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922697/low-frequency-ranibizumab-versus-dexamethasone-implant-for-macular-oedema-secondary-to-branch-retinal-vein-occlusion
#18
Bora Yuksel, Omer Karti, Ozan Celik, Suleyman Gokhan Kerci, Tuncay Kusbeci
BACKGROUND: The aim was to make a real-world comparison of the efficacy of ranibizumab, dexamethasone and grid laser treatments in macular oedema due to branch retinal vein occlusion (BRVO). METHODS: Forty-four eyes of 44 consecutive patients with macular oedema secondary to BRVO were included. Treatment arms comprised standard care (StCARE, n = 15), intravitreal ranibizumab (RNB, n = 14) and dexamethasone implant (DEX, n = 15). No rescue laser was performed in DEX and RNB groups...
September 18, 2017: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922327/releasable-single-suture-for-primary-pterygium-excision-with-a-conjunctival-autograft
#19
Gautam Singh Parmar, Sachin Arya, Ashok Kumar Meena, Bhushan Ghodke, Elesh Jain, Budhendra Jain
PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of a releasable single suture for pterygium excision with a conjunctival autograft (CAG). METHODS: Retrospective case series at a tertiary eye care center in central India was conducted. Medical records of 150 patients, who underwent primary pterygium excision with a CAG secured by a single releasable 10-0 nylon suture in the last year were reviewed. The surgical duration was noted. The suture was released on the first postoperative day under topical anesthesia...
September 15, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920044/effect-of-multisensory-stimulation-on-pain-of-eye-examination-in-preterm-infants
#20
Hossein Zeraati, Javad Shahinfar, Hamidreza Behnam Vashani, Tayebeh Reyhani
BACKGROUND: Eye examination as one of the painful procedures for retinopathy of prematurity screening can cause some pain-related physiological and behavioral changes in preterm infants. Multisensory stimulation is an analgesic non-pharmacological method that has analgesic effects on infants during painful procedures. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effect of multisensory stimulation on induced pain during eye examination for retinopathy of prematurity screening in preterm infants...
February 2017: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
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