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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346038/smartphone-applications-for-amblyopia-treatment-a-review-of-current-apps-and-professional-involvement
#1
Nabin Paudel
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to review games for amblyopia (lazy eye) that are commercially available in mobile applications (apps) stores and assess the involvement of eye care professionals in their development. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Google play store and the Apple iTunes store were searched in July 2017 and updated in September 2017 for amblyopia games using the terms amblyopia, lazy eye, amblyopia therapy, lazy eye therapy, lazy eye exercises, amblyopia exercises, lazy eye games, and amblyopia games...
January 18, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345895/selective-discrimination-of-key-enzymes-of-pathogenic-and-non-pathogenic-bacteria-on-autonomously-reporting-shape-encoded-hydrogel-patterns
#2
Zhiyuan Jia, Issa Sukker, Mareike Müller, Holger Schönherr
This work reports on a new approach to rapidly and selectively detect and discriminate enzymes of pathogenic from those of non-pathogenic bacteria using a patterned autonomously reporting hydrogel on a transparent support, in which the selectivity has been encoded by pattern shape to enable facile detection by a color change at one single wavelength. In particular, enzyme-responsive chitosan hydrogel layers that report the presence of the enzymes β-glucuronidase (β-Gus) and β-galactosidase (β-Gal), produced by the non-virulent Escherichia coli K12 (E...
January 18, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345890/how-medicare-could-provide-dental-vision-and-hearing-care-for-beneficiaries
#3
Amber Willink, Cathy Shoen, Karen Davis
Issue: The Medicare program specifically excludes coverage of dental, vision, and hearing services. As a result, many beneficiaries do not receive necessary care. Those that do are subject to high out-of-pocket costs. Goal: Examine gaps in access to dental, vision, and hearing services for Medicare beneficiaries and design a voluntary dental, vision, and hearing benefit plan with cost estimates. Methods: Uses the Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey, Cost and Use File, 2012, with population and costs projected to 2016 values...
January 1, 2018: Issue Brief of the Commonwealth Fund
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345003/investigation-of-attributes-which-guide-choice-in-cataract-surgery-services-in-urban-sydney-australia
#4
Celeste Gilbert, Lisa Keay, Anna Palagyi, Vu Quang Do, Peter McCluskey, Andrew White, Nicole Carnt, Fiona Stapleton, Tracey-Lea Laba
BACKGROUND: It is critical to consult patients to develop patient-centred cataract surgery care. We aimed to identify attributes patients consider when making decisions about cataract surgery in an Australian context, where both publicly and privately funded surgery are available. This is the first step in investigating how decisions are made about cataract surgery services. METHODS: This observational qualitative study was undertaken in two public hospitals and one private practice in Sydney, Australia...
January 17, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344823/long-term-visual-outcomes-of-craniopharyngioma-in-children
#5
Michael J Wan, Michal Zapotocky, Eric Bouffet, Ute Bartels, Abhaya V Kulkarni, James M Drake
Visual function is a critical factor in the diagnosis, monitoring, and prognosis of craniopharyngiomas in children. The aim of this study was to report the long-term visual outcomes in a cohort of pediatric patients with craniopharyngioma. The study design is a retrospective chart review of craniopharyngioma patients from a single tertiary-care pediatric hospital. 59 patients were included in the study. Mean age at presentation was 9.4 years old (range 0.7-18.0 years old). The most common presenting features were headache (76%), nausea/vomiting (32%), and vision loss (31%)...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344496/quadruple-neoplasms-following-radiation-therapy-for-congenital-bilateral-retinoblastoma
#6
Linda J Szymanski, Maria E Sibug Saber, Jonathan W Kim, John L Go, Gabriel Zada, Narsing Rao, Kyle M Hurth
Purpose: The aim of this study was to describe a 34-year-old male with hereditary bilateral retinoblastoma treated with radiotherapy as a child who developed 4 distinct tumors within the radiation field. Methods: A 34-year-old male with bilateral retinoblastoma status postradiation therapy and recurrence requiring enucleation presented with left-eye visual acuity changes. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a left orbital mass and a right parasellar complex lobulated mass (right sphenoid and right cavernous sinus)...
December 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344495/retinoblastoma-a-sixteen-year-review-of-the-presentation-treatment-and-outcome-from-a-tertiary-care-institute-in-northern-india
#7
Usha Singh, Deeksha Katoch, Savleen Kaur, Mangat Ram Dogra, Deepak Bansal, Rakesh Kapoor
Purpose: To study epidemiology, demographic profile, clinical characteristics, and outcome in pediatric patients with retinoblastoma. Methods: This was a retrospective review of retinoblastoma patients of a tertiary institute from January 1st 1998 to December 31st 2014. Results: The study included 467 patients (618 eyes) with a mean age of 34.7 ± 24.6 months (median = 30; 15 days to 144 months). Retinoblastoma was bilateral in 151 (32.3%) and there were 61...
December 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344483/retinoinvasive-uveal-melanoma-report-of-2-cases-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
John P Gorham, Eszter Szalai, Jill R Wells, Hans E Grossniklaus
Purpose: To describe the clinical history and histopathologic findings of 2 cases of retinoinvasive uveal melanoma. Methods: The medical records and pathology specimens of 2 patients with retinoinvasive uveal melanoma were reviewed. Results: The first patient had an iris/ciliary body melanoma that was treated and the second patient had suspected iridocorneal endothelial syndrome. Both patients developed a blind, painful eye; the first patient's right eye was enucleated and the left eye of the second patient underwent evisceration...
November 2017: Ocular Oncology and Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344048/the-impact-of-normal-saline-on-the-incidence-of-exposure-keratopathy-in-patients-hospitalized-in-intensive-care-units
#9
Zohreh Davoodabady, Korosh Rezaei, Reza Rezaei
Background: Patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) have impaired ocular protective mechanisms that lead to an increased risk of ocular surface diseases including exposure keratopathy (EK). This study was designed to evaluate the effect of normal saline (NS) on the incidence and severity of EK in critically ill patients. Materials and Methods: This single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted on 50 patients admitted to ICUs. The participants were selected through purposive sampling...
January 2018: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343840/vision-status-in-older-adults-the-brazilian-amazon-region-eye-survey
#10
Solange R Salomão, Adriana Berezovsky, João M Furtado, Arthur G Fernandes, Sergio Muñoz, Nívea N Cavascan, Marcela C Cypel, Cristina C Cunha, Galton C Vasconcelos, Márcia R K H Mitsuhiro, Paula Y Sacai, Mauro Campos, Paulo H A Morales, Marcos J Cohen, Jacob M Cohen, Sung E S Watanabe, Rubens Belfort
Older adults living in remote areas with limited access to health services are at higher risk to develop visual impairment and blindness. We conducted a population-based survey to determine the vision status in subjects 45 years of age and older from urban and rural areas of Parintins city, Brazilian Amazon Region. Participants underwent ophthalmic examination, including uncorrected (UCVA), presenting (PVA) and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA). Vision status was described as lines of visual acuity (VA) impairment and lines of VA improvement from UCVA to BCVA and from PVA to BCVA in the better-seeing eye...
January 17, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343100/the-effect-of-an-orthopedic-hand-surgeon-s-attire-on-patient-confidence-and-trust
#11
Vince W Lands, Ajith Malige, Chinenye O Nwachuku, Kristofer S Matullo
BACKGROUND: Multiple studies have concluded that patients are more likely to understand and trust physicians who dress in more formal attire (shirt and tie) as opposed to casual attire (t-shirts and jeans). The white coat has repeatedly been reported as a major source of trust and confidence in a patient's eyes. METHODS: This study explores the effect an orthopedic hand surgeon's attire has on a patient's perception of their surgeon's clinical values. All patients 18 years of age and older who visited our orthopedic hand surgeon's suburban outpatient practice were asked to participate in our survey-based study...
January 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342438/vitreoretinal-complications-and-outcomes-in-92-eyes-undergoing-surgery-for-modified-osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis-a-10-year-review
#12
Pukhraj Rishi, Ekta Rishi, Vishvesh Agarwal, Sridevi Nair, Geetha Iyer, Bhaskar Srinivasan, Shweta Agarwal
PURPOSE: To analyze vitreoretinal (VR) complications and treatment outcomes in eyes undergoing modified osteo-odonto-keratoprosthesis (OOKP) surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective case series. PARTICIPANTS: All patients who underwent modified OOKP (mOOKP) surgery at a tertiary eye-care center from March 2003 to February 2013 were included. METHODS: Medical records were reviewed for relevant medical history, best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), slit-lamp examination, ultrasound scan, oral examination findings, and VR complications...
January 13, 2018: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341940/mucocele-of-the-sphenoid-sinus
#13
Karen B Djambazov, Borislav D Kitov, Christo B Zhelyazkov, Atanas N Davarski, Alexandrina R Topalova
Mucocele of the paranasal sinuses is a rare disease with slow evolution. It is a benign, encapsulated and destructive formation filled with mucous fluid and tapistrated with respiratory epithelium. Of all the paranasal sinuses, the sphenoid sinus is affected in only 1-7% of the cases. We present two cases of mucocele of the sphenoid sinus involving the posterior ethmoidal cells. We consider here their clinical presentation, use of neuroimaging in the diagnosis, surgical care and postoperative results. Both patients presented with a history of persistent headache and in addition, one of them had a paresis of the right oculomotor and abducens nerves...
December 20, 2017: Folia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29340540/toxic-epidermal-necrolysis-a-paradigm-of-critical-illness
#14
Alfonso Estrella-Alonso, José Antonio Aramburu, Mercedes Yolanda González-Ruiz, Lucía Cachafeiro, Manuel Sánchez Sánchez, José A Lorente
Toxic epidermal necrolysis is an adverse immunological skin reaction secondary in most cases to the administration of a drug. Toxic epidermal necrolysis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome, and multiform exudative erythema are part of the same disease spectrum. The mortality rate from toxic epidermal necrolysis is approximately 30%. The pathophysiology of toxic epidermal necrolysis is similar in many respects to that of superficial skin burns. Mucosal involvement of the ocular and genital epithelium is associated with serious sequelae if the condition is not treated early...
October 2017: Revista Brasileira de Terapia Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338780/coping-with-dry-eyes-a-qualitative-approach
#15
Sharon Yeo, Louis Tong
BACKGROUND: Dry eye is a common problem that affects many people worldwide, reducing quality of life and impacting daily activities. A qualitative approach often used in medicine and other disciplines is used to evaluate how people with dry eye cope with this impact. METHODS: Six focus group sessions were conducted at the Singapore National Eye Centre (SNEC), premises of an eye research institute. These focus groups consist of a spectrum of dry eye sufferers (30 women, 8 men, aged 61 ± 11...
January 16, 2018: BMC Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338772/incidence-risk-factors-and-impact-of-protocolised-care-on-exposure-keratopathy-in-critically-ill-adults-a-two-phase-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Obaid Kousha, Zubaid Kousha, Jonathan Paddle
BACKGROUND: Exposure keratopathy (EK) has a high incidence in critically ill patients. We aimed to determine the rate of EK in patients admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU), identify risk factors for developing EK and ascertain the effectiveness of a protocol to prevent EK. METHODS: We undertook a two-phase prospective cohort single-centre study in a general adult ICU. The first phase of the study was observational. In the second phase of the study an eye care protocol was introduced...
January 16, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338767/effect-of-exercise-versus-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-or-no-intervention-on-anxiety-depression-fitness-and-quality-of-life-in-adults-with-previous-methamphetamine-dependency-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Linzette Morris, Jessica Stander, Wardah Ebrahim, Stephanie Eksteen, Orissa Anna Meaden, Ané Ras, Annemarie Wessels
BACKGROUND: Methamphetamine (MA) is a highly addictive psychostimulant used by approximately 52 million people worldwide. Chronic MA abuse leads to detrimental physiological and neurological changes, as well as increases in anxiety and depression, and decreases in overall fitness and quality of life. Exercise has been reported to possibly reverse physiological and neurological damage caused by previous MA use, and to reduce anxiety and depression in this population. The aim of this systematic review was to identify, clinically appraise and synthesise the available evidence for the effectiveness of exercise, compared to cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), standard care or no intervention, on decreasing anxiety and depression and improving fitness and quality of life in previous MA users...
January 16, 2018: Addiction Science & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338335/diabetic-retinopathy-and-the-cascade-into-vision-loss
#18
Carolyn Smith-Morris, George H Bresnick, Jorge Cuadros, Kathryn E Bouskill, Elin Rønby Pedersen
Vision loss from diabetic retinopathy should be unnecessary for patients with access to diabetic retinopathy screening, yet it still occurs at high rates and in varied contexts. Precisely because vision loss is only one of many late-stage complications of diabetes, interfering with the management of diabetes and making self-care more difficult, Vision Threatening Diabetic Retinopathy (VTDR) is considered a "high stakes" diagnosis. Our mixed-methods research addressed the contexts of care and treatment seeking in a sample of people with VTDR using safety-net clinic services and eye specialist referrals...
January 17, 2018: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338030/incidence-microbiology-and-outcomes-of-endophthalmitis-after-111-876-pars-plana-vitrectomies-at-a-single-tertiary-eye-care-hospital
#19
Muna Bhende, Rajiv Raman, Mukesh Jain, Pratik K Shah, Tarun Sharma, Lingam Gopal, Pramod S Bhende, Sangeetha Srinivasan, Malathi Jambulingam
PURPOSE: To describe the incidence, risk factors, clinical presentation, causative organisms, and outcomes in patients with endophthalmitis following pars plana vitrectomy (20G and minimally invasive vitrectomy surgery (MIVS). METHODS: Of 111,876 vitrectomies (70,585 20-G 41,291 MIVS) performed, 45 cases developed acute-onset, postoperative endophthalmitis. RESULTS: The rate of culture positive and culture negative endophthalmitis was 0.021% (2...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335432/the-relationship-of-dietary-fish-intake-to-diabetic-retinopathy-and-retinal-vascular-caliber-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#20
Jacqueline Chua, Ai-Ru Chia, Miao Li Chee, Ryan Eyn Kidd Man, Gavin Siew Wei Tan, Ecosse L Lamoureux, Tien Yin Wong, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Leopold Schmetterer
In this cross-sectional study, we evaluated the association of dietary fish intake with varying severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and retinal vascular caliber in Asians with type 2 diabetes mellitus. 357 Asians (median age: 58 years; 31% women; 78% Chinese) were recruited from a tertiary eye care institution in Singapore. Fish consumption was evaluated using a validated food frequency questionnaire. Digital retinal photographs assessed for DR severity and retinal vascular caliber. Ordered logistic and linear regression models were used to investigate the association of fish intake with DR severity and vascular caliber...
January 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
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