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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128581/trends-in-resource-utilization-and-rate-of-cervical-disc-arthroplasty-and-anterior-cervical-discectomy-and-fusion-throughout-the-united-states-from-2006-to-2013
#1
Comron Saifi, Arielle Fein, Alejandro Cazzulino, Ronald Lehman, Frank M Phillips, Howard S An, K Daniel Riew
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The typically accepted surgical procedure for cervical disc pathology has been the anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF), although recent trials have demonstrated equivalent or improved outcomes with cervical disc arthroplasty (CDA). Trends for these two procedures regarding utilization, revision procedures, along with other demographic information have not been sufficiently explored. PURPOSE: To provide data regarding ACDF and CDA from 2006-2013 in the U...
November 8, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116574/successful-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-significantly-improves-coronary-sinus-blood-flow-as-assessed-by-transthoracic-echocardiography
#2
Radmila Lyubarova, William E Boden, Steven A Fein, Joshua Schulman-Marcus, Mikhail Torosoff
BACKGROUND: Transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) has been used to assess coronary sinus blood flow (CSBF), which reflects total coronary arterial blood flow. Successful angioplasty is expected to improve coronary arterial blood flow. Changes in CSBF after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), as assessed by TTE, have not been systematically evaluated. HYPOTHESIS: TTE can be utilized to reflect increased CSBF after a successful, clinically indicated PCI. METHODS: The study cohort included 31 patients (18 females, 62 ± 11 years old) referred for diagnostic cardiac catheterization for suspected coronary artery disease and possible PCI, when clinically indicated...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112110/methodology-and-demographics-of-a-brief-adolescent-alcohol-screen-validation-study
#3
Julie R Bromberg, Anthony Spirito, Thomas Chun, Michael J Mello, T Charles Casper, Fahd Ahmad, Lalit Bajaj, Kathleen M Brown, Lauren S Chernick, Daniel M Cohen, Joel Fein, Tim Horeczko, Michael N Levas, Brett McAninch, Michael Monuteaux, Colette C Mull, Jackie Grupp-Phelan, Elizabeth C Powell, Alexander Rogers, Rohit P Shenoi, Brian Suffoletto, Cheryl Vance, James G Linakis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the psychometric properties of the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) 2-question alcohol screen within 16 Pediatric Emergency Care Applied Research Network pediatric emergency departments. This article describes the study methodology, sample characteristics, and baseline outcomes of the NIAAA 2-question screen. METHODS: Participants included 12- to 17-year-olds treated in one of the participating pediatric emergency departments across the United States...
July 3, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112109/pediatric-emergency-department-and-primary-care-provider-attitudes-on-assessing-childhood-adversity
#4
Samantha Schilling, Ashlee Murray, Cynthia J Mollen, Tara Wedin, Joel A Fein, Philip V Scribano
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to understand pediatric emergency department (ED) and primary care (PC) health care provider attitudes and beliefs regarding the intersection between childhood adversities and health care. METHODS: We conducted in-depth, semistructured interviews in 2 settings (ED and PC) within an urban health care system. Purposive sampling was used to balance the sample among 3 health care provider roles. Interview questions were based on a modified health beliefs model exploring the "readiness to act" among providers...
July 3, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111579/knowledge-and-perceptions-of-zika-virus-among-reproductive-aged-women-after-public-announcement-of-local-mosquito-borne-transmission
#5
Christine L Curry, Colette Tse, Victoria Billero, Leah Hellerstein, Marisa Messore, Lydia Fein
AIM: This study was conducted to ascertain the knowledge and perceptions of the Zika virus among reproductive-aged women living in the first affected area of the United States with local mosquito-borne transmission. METHODS: Reproductive-aged women were surveyed during the four weeks immediately following the announcement of local Zika virus transmission. The survey evaluated the participant's knowledge of Zika pathogenesis and transmission, sequelae of infection, epidemiology and public health information...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078908/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-treatment-and-survival-of-pediatric-sarcoma
#6
Andrew J Jacobs, Erika B Lindholm, Carolyn Fein Levy, Jonathan D Fish, Richard D Glick
BACKGROUND: Childhood sarcomas are rare and require complex interdisciplinary care including surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation. The goal of this study was to determine if racial or ethnic disparities exist for pediatric sarcoma patients in the United States. METHODS: The United States' National Cancer Institute's Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was used to identify patients aged 0-21 diagnosed with primary sarcomas from 1973 to 2012. Patients were considered by race and ethnicity...
November 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072824/introduction-of-a-putative-biocontrol-agent-into-a-range-of-phytoplasma-and-liberibacter-susceptible-crop-plants
#7
Ofir Lidor, Orit Dror, Dor Hamershlak, Nofar Shoshana, Eduard Belausov, Tirtza Zahavi, Netta Mozes-Daube, Vered Naor, Einat Zchori-Fein, Lilach Iasur-Kruh, Ofir Bahar
BACKGROUND: Phytoplasma, the causative agent of bois-noir disease of grapevines, are vectored by the planthopper Hyalesthes obsoletus (Hemiptera: Cixiidae). A Dyella-like bacterium (DLB) isolated from H. obsoletus inhibits the growth of Spiroplasma melliferum, a cultivable relative of phytoplasma. Additional evidence suggests that DLB can reduce the symptoms of yellows disease in grapevine plantlets. The present aim was to test whether DLB could colonize a range of Phytoplasma- and Liberibacter-sensitive crop plants, and thus assess its potential agricultural use...
October 26, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058986/identification-of-clinical-and-biologic-correlates-associated-with-outcome-in-children-with-adrenocortical-tumors-without-germline-tp53-mutations-a-st-jude-adrenocortical-tumor-registry-and-children-s-oncology-group-study
#8
Emilia Modolo Pinto, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Stanley B Pounds, Lei Wang, Michael R Clay, Geoffrey Neale, Elizabeth A R Garfinkle, Catherine G Lam, Carolyn Fein Levy, Alberto S Pappo, Gerard P Zambetti, Raul C Ribeiro
Purpose The clinical features, pathogenesis, and outcomes in children with adrenocortical tumors (ACTs) without germline TP53 mutations have not been systematically studied. Herein, we describe these correlates and analyze their association with outcome. Patients and Methods Genomic DNA was analyzed for TP53, CTNNB1, CDKN1C, ATRX, and chromosome 11p15 abnormalities. β-catenin expression and Ki-67 labeling index (LI) were evaluated by immunostaining. Primary end points were progression-free (PFS) and overall survival...
October 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990480/dyella-like-bacterium-isolated-from-an-insect-as-a-potential-biocontrol-agent-against-grapevine-yellows
#9
Lilach Iasur-Kruh, Tirtza Zahavi, Roni Barkai, Shiri Freilich, Einat Zchori-Fein, Vered Naor
Yellows diseases, caused by phytopathogenic bacteria of the genus Phytoplasma, are a major threat to grapevines worldwide. Because conventional applications against this pathogen are inefficient, and disease management is highly challenging, the use of beneficial bacteria has been suggested as a biocontrol solution. A Dyella-like bacterium (DLB), isolated from the Israeli insect vector of grapevine yellows Hyalesthes obsoletus, was suggested to be an endophyte. To test this hypothesis, the bacterium was introduced by spraying the plant leaves, and it had no apparent phytotoxicity to grapevine...
October 9, 2017: Phytopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987687/incidental-liver-lesions-seen-on-breast-mri-when-is-additional-imaging-warranted
#10
Mark Knox, Priscilla Slanetz, Jordana Phillips, Valerie Fein Zachary, Shambhavi Venkataraman, Vandana Dialani, Tejas Mehta
PURPOSE: Incidental hepatic lesions identified on breast MR can be a diagnostic dilemma due to concern for liver metastases or other significant hepatic lesions. The purpose of this study was to identify the incidence and nature of liver lesions seen on breast MR, and determine if additional imaging is necessary. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Imaging reports of all breast MR examinations performed at our institution from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2011 were reviewed to identify reports with hepatic abnormalities...
October 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984482/public-library-staff-as-community-health-partners-training-program-design-and-evaluation
#11
Anna U Morgan, Bernadette A D'Alonzo, Roxanne Dupuis, Eliza D Whiteman, Stacey Kallem, Autumn McClintock, Joel A Fein, Heather Klusaritz, Carolyn C Cannuscio
Public libraries are free and open to all-and accessed at high rates by vulnerable populations-which positions them to be key public health allies. However, library staff themselves often feel ill-equipped to address the health and social concerns of their patrons. To fill this gap, we developed a case-based training curriculum to help library staff recognize, engage, and refer vulnerable patrons to appropriate resources. Topics addressed in the training, including homelessness, mental health and substance use disorders, immigration, and trauma, were selected based on findings from a prior community needs assessment...
October 1, 2017: Health Promotion Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975296/low-dose-desmopressin-nasal-spray-and-fda-approval
#12
LETTER
Seymour Fein, Samuel Herschkowitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 19, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943155/is-bone-density-associated-with-intervertebral-disc-pressure-in-healthy-and-degenerated-discs
#13
Paul M Fein, Alexander DelMonaco, Timothy M Jackman, Cameron Curtiss, Ali Guermazi, Glenn D Barest, Elise F Morgan
The coupling of the intervertebral disc (IVD) and vertebra as a biomechanical unit suggests that changes in the distribution of pressure within the IVD (intradiscal pressure, IDP) as a result of disc degeneration can influence the distribution of bone density within the vertebra, and vice versa. The goal of this study was to assess the correspondence between IDP and bone density in the adjacent vertebrae, with emphasis on how this correspondence differs between healthy and degenerated IVDs. Bone density of the endplates and subchondral bone in regions adjacent to the anterior and posterior annulus fibrosus (aAF and pAF, respectively) and nucleus pulposus (NP) was measured via quantitative computed tomography (QCT) in 61 spine segments (T7-9, T9-11, T10-12; 71±14years)...
September 4, 2017: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940682/rural-urban-disparity-in-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#14
Amal Gaber, Chantal Galarneau, Jocelyne S Feine, Elham Emami
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this population-based cross-sectional study was to estimate rural-urban disparity in the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of the Quebec adult population. METHODS: A 2-stage sampling design was used to collect data from the 1788 parents/caregivers of schoolchildren living in the 8 regions of the province of Quebec in Canada. Andersen's behavioural model for health services utilization was used as a conceptual framework. Place of residency was defined according to the Statistics Canada Census Metropolitan Area and Census Agglomeration Influenced Zone classification...
September 21, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919924/comparison-of-parent-report-and-direct-assessment-of-child-skills-in-toddlers
#15
Lauren E Miller, Kayla A Perkins, Yael G Dai, Deborah A Fein
BACKGROUND: There are unique challenges associated with measuring development in early childhood. Two primary sources of information are used: parent report and direct assessment. Each approach has strengths and weaknesses, particularly when used to identify and diagnose developmental delays. The present study aimed to evaluate consistency between parent report and direct assessment of child skills in toddlers with and without Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) across receptive language, expressive language, and fine motor domains...
September 2017: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898186/imaging-of-breast-implant-associated-complications-and-pathologic-conditions-breast-imaging
#16
Sean D Raj, Evguenia J Karimova, Michael D C Fishman, Valerie Fein-Zachary, Jordana Phillips, Vandana Dialani, Priscilla J Slanetz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Radiographics: a Review Publication of the Radiological Society of North America, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879893/a-novel-swine-model-of-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-induced-cerebral-vasospasm
#17
Zion Zibly, Lory Fein, Mayur Sharma, Yaron Assaf, Anton Wohl, Sagi Harnof
OBJECTIVE: One of the most serious complications following subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) secondary to symptomatic vasospasm. An animal model mimicking post SAH vasospasm is essential for enabling the translation of newer technologies from the conceptual phase to animal studies, and eventually to clinical trials. Various animal models of DCI following SAH have been reported, with canine models being the most common. Due to the similarity of the swine cardiovascular system and its dimensions to the human's system, the main objective of this study was to establish a consistent and quantitatively representative model of SAH-induced vasospasm in swine...
September 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28868659/evaluating-the-heat-aggression-hypothesis-the-role-of-temporal-and-social-factors-in-predicting-baseball-related-aggression
#18
William L D Krenzer, Eric D Splan
We examined the role that season progression and social threats play in the heat-aggression hypothesis within Major League Baseball put forward by Reifman, Larrick, and Fein (). Box score data from 38,870 Major League Baseball games between the years of 2000 and 2015 was used to test the heat-aggression relationship, while accounting for temporal and social factors that may be simultaneously exerting influence on player behavior. Controlling for a number of other variables, we observed that the effect of temperature on aggressive behavior is partially contingent on the point of the season in which the game took place...
September 4, 2017: Aggressive Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865645/developing-a-community-wide-initiative-to-address-childhood-adversity-and-toxic-stress-a-case-study-of-the-philadelphia-ace-task-force
#19
Lee M Pachter, Leslie Lieberman, Sandra L Bloom, Joel A Fein
The Philadelphia ACE Task Force is a community based collaborative of health care providers, researchers, community-based organizations, funders, and public sector representatives. The mission of the task force is to provide a venue to address childhood adversity and its consequences in the Philadelphia metropolitan region. In this article we describe the origins and metamorphosis of the Philadelphia ACE Task Force, which initially was narrowly focused on screening for adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in health care settings but expanded its focus to better represent a true community-based approach to sharing experiences with addressing childhood adversity in multiple sectors of the city and region...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861732/autism-spectrum-disorders-and-low-mental-age-diagnostic-stability-and-developmental-outcomes-in-early-childhood
#20
Alexander J Hinnebusch, Lauren E Miller, Deborah A Fein
Some children with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) exhibit low mental age (Low-MA; i.e., cognitive functioning below 12 months). We examined diagnosis, symptom severity, and development in children with ASD-low MA (n = 25), autistic disorder (n = 111), and PDD-NOS (n = 82) at ages two and four. We predicted that some ASD-low MA children would demonstrate just intellectual impairment and not autism symptoms on follow-up, with social deficits at age two attributable to global delays. Instead, most ASD-low MA children (96%) had an ASD at follow-up, compared to children initially diagnosed with autistic disorder (86...
December 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
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