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Emily Moulton, Kathryn Bradbury, Marianne Barton, Deborah Fein
The Childhood Autism Rating Scale (CARS), (Schopler et al. in J Autism Dev Disord 10(1):91-103, 1980) is a 15-item observation-based rating scale that yields a total score reflective of autism symptom severity. This study investigated the factor structure of the CARS in a sample of 2-year-old children with DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association in Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders, 4th edn. American Psychiatric Publishing, Washington, 2000) diagnoses of AD or PDD-NOS. Following a preliminary internal cross-validation, principal axis factor analysis was completed (N = 282)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Marc A Auerbach, Marjorie Lee White, Sweta Bhargava, Pavan Zaveri, Elizabeth B Seelbach, Rebekah A Burns, Renuka Mehta, Brett McAninch, Daniel Fein, Todd P Chang, David O Kessler
OBJECTIVES: Few published studies describe graduating pediatric residents' procedural skills or success rates. This information would help guide supervisors' decisions about graduating residents' preparedness, training, and supervision needs. This study aimed to measure success rates for graduating pediatric residents performing infant lumbar puncture (LP) during the final months of their training and to describe their experiences performing and supervising infant LPs during the course of their training...
October 6, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Lauren E Miller, Jeffrey D Burke, Eva Troyb, Kelley Knoch, Lauren E Herlihy, Deborah A Fein
OBJECTIVE: Characterization of academic functioning in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), particularly predictors of achievement, may have important implications for intervention. The current study aimed to characterize achievement profiles, confirm associations between academic ability and concurrent intellectual and social skills, and explore preschool predictors of school-age academic achievement in a sample of children with ASD. METHOD: Children with ASD (n = 26) were evaluated at the approximate ages of two, four, and ten...
October 5, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Roei Hod Feins, Anna Tobar, Miriam Davidovits
BACKGROUND: Kidney biopsy serves as an adjunct for the diagnosis of renal disease. However, it is not always productive. This study evaluated the yield and risks of kidney biopsies performed in 1995-2014 at a tertiary pediatric medical center. METHODS: The medical files of all patients who underwent closed percutaneous biopsy for various indications in native or transplanted kidneys were retrospectively reviewed for patient characteristics, technical and histopathologic findings, biopsy yield, and biopsy complications...
October 3, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
Luis Fein, Yi-Long Wu, Lecia V Sequist, Sarayut L Geater, Sergey Orlov, Ki Hyeong Lee, Chun-Ming Tsai, Terufumi Kato, Katsuyuki Kiura, Carlos H Barrios, Martin Schuler, Vera Hirsh, Nobuyuki Yamamoto, Kenneth O'Byrne, Tony Mok, Dan Massey, Angela Märten, James Chih-Hsin Yang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Nnenna Ogochukwu Chime, Martin V Pusic, Marc Auerbach, Renuka Mehta, Daniel J Scherzer, Wendy Van Ittersum, Brett McAninch, Daniel M Fein, Elizabeth Seelbach, Pavan Zaveri, Jennifer M Jackson, David Kessler, Todd P Chang
OBJECTIVES: Script concordance testing (SCT) is used to assess clinical decision-making. We explore the use of SCT to (1) quantify practice variations in infant lumbar puncture (LP) and (2) analyze physician's characteristics affecting LP decision making. METHODS: Using standard SCT processes, a panel of pediatric subspecialty physicians constructed 15 infant LP case vignettes, each with 2 to 4 SCT questions (a total of 47). The vignettes were distributed to pediatric attending physicians and fellows at 10 hospitals within the INSPIRE Network...
September 23, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Arielle W Fein, Caroline A Figgie, Taylor R Dodds, Joshua Wright-Chisem, Michael L Parks, Lisa A Mandl, Edwin P Su, Jane E Salmon, David J Mayman, Yuo-Yu Lee, Mark P Figgie, Susan M Goodman
BACKGROUND: Increasing numbers of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Whether postsurgical adverse events (AEs) are higher in patients with SLE than patients with osteoarthritis (OA) is unknown. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to compare AEs within 6 months of TKA. METHODS: Patients in a single institution's arthroplasty and SLE registries who underwent TKA from 2007 to 2014 were eligible...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
Dasal Tenzin Jashar, Laura A Brennan, Marianne L Barton, Deborah Fein
The current study compared adaptive and cognitive skills, and autism severity of toddlers with an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) diagnosis under DSM-IV but not DSM-5 criteria (DSM-IV only group) to those who met autism criteria under both diagnostic systems (DSM-5 group) and to those without ASD (non-ASD group). The toddlers in the DSM-IV only group were less delayed on various domains of adaptive (Communication, Socialization) and cognitive (Expressive and Receptive language, Fine Motor, Visual Reception) skills, and had less severe symptoms of ASD than the DSM-5 group...
September 14, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Lilach Iasur-Kruh, Vered Naor, Tirtza Zahavi, Matthew J Ballinger, Rakefet Sharon, Wyatt E Robinson, Steve J Perlman, Einat Zchori-Fein
The planthopper Hyalesthes obsoletus (Hemiptera: Cixiidae) is an important vector of phytoplasma diseases in grapevine. In the current study, the bacterial community compositions of symbionts of this insect were examined. Two dominant bacterial lineages were identified by mass sequencing: the obligate symbiont Candidatus Sulcia, and a facultative symbiont that is closely related to Pectobacterium sp. and to BEV, a cultivable symbiont of another phytoplasma vector, the leafhopper Euscelidius variegatus. In addition, one bacterium was successfully isolated in this study - a member of the family Xanthomonadaceae that is most closely related to the genus Dyella...
September 4, 2016: Research in Microbiology
Stefano Kim, Anne Cayre, Marine Jary, Marion Jacquin, Francine Arbez-Gindre, Francine Fein, Zaher Lakkis, Thierry Nguyen, Christophe Borg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 9, 2016: Clinical Colorectal Cancer
Daniel G Fein, Ali N Zaidi, Roxana Sulica
Pulmonary hypertension (PH) due to chronic respiratory disease and/or hypoxia is classified as World Health Organization (WHO) Group III pulmonary hypertension. The patients most commonly encountered in clinical practice with group III PH include those with chronic obstructive lung disease (COPD), diffuse parenchymal lung disease, and sleep-disordered breathing. The purpose of this review is to outline the variable clinical significance of pulmonary hypertension in the most common pulmonary disease states and how a clinician may approach the management of these patients...
August 26, 2016: Journal of Clinical Medicine
Nahush A Mokadam, James I Fann, George L Hicks, Jonathan C Nesbitt, Harold M Burkhart, John V Conte, Daniel N Coore, Paul S Ramphal, K Robert Shen, Jennifer D Walker, Richard H Feins
BACKGROUND: The Cardiac Surgery Simulation Curriculum was developed at 8 institutions from 2010 to 2013. A total of 27 residents were trained by 18 faculty members. A survey was conducted to gain insight into the initial experience. METHODS: Residents and faculty were sent a 72- and 68-question survey, respectively. In addition to demographic information, participants reported their view of the overall impact of the curriculum. Focused investigation into each of the 6 modules was obtained...
August 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Richard H Feins, Harold M Burkhart, John V Conte, Daniel N Coore, James I Fann, George L Hicks, Jonathan C Nesbitt, Paul S Ramphal, Sharon E Schiro, K Robert Shen, Amaanti Sridhar, Paul W Stewart, Jennifer D Walker, Nahush A Mokadam
BACKGROUND: Operating room surgical training has significant limitations. This study hypothesized that some skills could be learned efficiently and safely by using simulation with component task training, deliberate practice, progressive complexity, and experienced coaching to produce safer cardiac surgeons. METHODS: Training modules included cardiopulmonary bypass, coronary artery bypass grafting, aortic valve replacement, massive air embolism, acute intraoperative aortic dissection, and sudden deterioration in cardiac function...
August 20, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
Andrew J Jacobs, Joanna Fishbein, Carolyn Fein Levy, Richard D Glick
BACKGROUND: The globally low incidence of pediatric chest wall Ewing sarcoma (CWES) has limited prior studies of this disease to mostly small, single-institution reviews. Our objective was to assess incidence, demographics, treatment patterns, and long-term survival of this disease through a population-based analysis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was used to identify patients aged 0-21 y diagnosed with CWES from 1973 to 2011...
August 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Joyce Suh, Alyssa Orinstein, Marianne Barton, Chi-Ming Chen, Inge-Marie Eigsti, Nairan Ramirez-Esparza, Deborah Fein
The study examines whether "optimal outcome" (OO) children, despite no longer meeting diagnostic criteria for Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), exhibit personality traits often found in those with ASD. Nine zero acquaintance raters evaluated Broader Autism Phenotype (BAP) and Big Five personality traits of 22 OO individuals, 27 high functioning individuals with ASD (HFA), and 23 typically developing (TD) peers. HFA children displayed higher ratings than their peers on all BAP traits. OO were indistinguishable from TD, with the exception of greater extraversion (e...
August 18, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Richard E Sharpe, Shambavi Venkataraman, Jordana Phillips, Vandana Dialani, Valerie J Fein-Zachary, Seema Prakash, Priscilla J Slanetz, Tejas S Mehta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Radiology
Shareefa Dalvie, Samantha J Brooks, Valerie Cardenas, George Fein, Raj Ramesar, Dan J Stein
OBJECTIVE: Brain structure differences and adolescent alcohol dependence both show substantial heritability. However, exactly which genes are responsible for brain volume variation in adolescents with substance abuse disorders are currently unknown. The aim of this investigation was to determine whether genetic variants previously implicated in psychiatric disorders are associated with variation in brain volume in adolescents with alcohol use disorder (AUD). METHODS: The cohort consisted of 58 adolescents with DSM-IV AUD and 58 age and gender-matched controls of mixed ancestry ethnicity...
August 8, 2016: Acta Neuropsychiatrica
Manabu Kanazawa, Jocelyne Feine, Shahrokh Esfandiari
This article describes the flapless placement of mini-dental implants (MDI) to retain mandibular overdentures. Clinical inclusion/exclusion criteria and clinical protocols for the flapless placement of MDIs and for retrofitting the overdenture are presented. A minimum bone height of 13 mm and a minimal flap are recommended. After drilling, the 4 implants are placed with a self-tapping process. A minimum of 15 Ncm of resistance upon final insertion indicates that immediate loading can be performed. The metal housings with O-rings are incorporated into the prosthesis using autopolymerizing resin...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
Laura Brennan, Deborah Fein, Ariel Como, Iris Carcani Rathwell, Chi-Ming Chen
The Modified Checklist for Autism in Toddlers Revised-Albanian screener (M-CHAT-R-A) was used to screen 2594 toddlers, aged 16-30 months, at well-child visits. Two hundred fifty-three (9.75 %) screened positive; follow up on failed items were conducted by phone with 127 (50 %); the remainder were lost to follow-up. Twenty-six toddlers (21 %) continued to screen positive; 19 received full evaluations, which assessed for ASD with the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule and developmental delays with the Parents Assessment of Developmental Status-Developmental Milestones...
August 4, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Deborah Fein
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
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