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Sodium fusidate

Mi Hyun Kang, Bae-Hwan Kim
The objective of this study was to determine the oral wound healing effects of acai berry water extracts (ABWE) in rat oral mucosa. To estimate the anti-oxidative effects of ABWE, the contents of phenolic compounds, and DPPH (1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl hydrazyl) and ABTS (2,2'-azinobis-(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) abilities were evaluated. Wound healing effects of ABWE were tested following 6-day exposure after induction of wound by applying 50% acetic acid to oral mucosa of Sprague-Dawley rats. Macroscopic and histopathological analyses were performed to determine wound healing effects of ABWE...
April 2018: Toxicological Research
Tatyana Zykova, Feng Zhu, Lei Wang, Haitao Li, Do Young Lim, Ke Yao, Eunmiri Roh, Sang-Pil Yoon, Hong-Gyum Kim, Ki Beom Bae, Weihong Wen, Seung Ho Shin, Janos Nadas, Yan Li, Weiya Ma, Ann M Bode, Zigang Dong
The biological functions of the p53-related protein kinase (PRPK) remain unclear. We have previously demonstrated that PRPK is phosphorylated by the T-LAK cell-originated protein kinase (TOPK) and that phosphorylated PRPK (p-PRPK) promotes colon cancer metastasis. Here, we analyzed colon adenocarcinomas from 87 patients and found that higher expression levels of p-PRPK were associated with later stages of metastatic dissemination (stage III and IV) as compared with earlier stages (stages I and II). Indeed, levels of p-PRPK were higher in metastatic versus malignant human colon adenocarcinomas...
May 2018: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
Bader Hamza Shirah, Hamza Asaad Shirah
BACKGROUND: Hidradenitis suppurativa is a chronic inflammatory cutaneous disorder that involves the infundibular terminal follicles in areas rich in apocrine glands and associated with the formation of abscesses and fistulating sinus. The clinical course is variable, and definitive evidence-based guidelines for the management are not well-established. Conservative treatment is controversial, and surgical excision is the recommended method. Herein, we aim to analyze the results of a modified conservative tissue preserving management protocol for stage I axillary hidradenitis suppurativa...
August 2017: Journal of Dermatological Treatment
John Mishriky, Jacqueline Balassone, Zenah Bashour, Simranjit Kaur, Vini Raman, Robel Getachew, Narin Osman, Daniel Guidone, Vincent Chan, Peter J Little
BACKGROUND: Sodium fusidate (fusidic acid) is an antimicrobial agent that is used in the treatment of staphylococcal and streptococcal infections. Several case reports have noted a drug interaction between sodium fusidate and CYP3A4 metabolised statins, leading to statin toxicity. It is unclear whether sodium fusidate has the potential to cause interactions with other cytochrome P450 enzymes. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of sodium fusidate on recombinant cytochrome P450 enzymes (1A2, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6 and 3A4) in-vitro...
2016: Drug Metabolism Letters
Sung Giu Jin, Kyeong Soo Kim, Dong Wuk Kim, Dong Shik Kim, Youn Gee Seo, Toe Gyung Go, Yu Seok Youn, Jong Oh Kim, Chul Soon Yong, Han-Gon Choi
To develop a novel sodium fusidate-loaded triple polymer hydrogel dressing (TPHD), numerious polyvinyl alcohol-based (PVA) hydrogel dressings were prepared with various hydrophilic polymers using the freeze-thaw method, and their hydrogel dressing properties were assessed. Among the hydrophilic polymers tested, sodium alginate (SA) improved the swelling capacity the most, and polyvinyl pyrrolidone (PVP) provided the greatest improvement in bioadhesive stength and mechanical properties. Thus, PVA based-TPHDs were prepared using different ratios of PVP:SA...
January 30, 2016: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Hassan Noukrati, Sophie Cazalbou, Imane Demnati, Christian Rey, Allal Barroug, Christèle Combes
The introduction of an antibiotic, sodium fusidate (SF), into the liquid phase of calcium carbonate-calcium phosphate (CaCO3-CaP) bone cement was evaluated, considering the effect of the liquid to powder ratio (L/P) on the composition and microstructure of the set cement and the injectability of the paste. In all cases, we obtained set cements composed mainly of biomimetic carbonated apatite analogous to bone mineral. With this study, we evi-denced a synergistic effect of the L/P ratio and SF presence on the injectability (i...
February 2016: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Muhammed Sedat Sakat, Korhan Kilic, Harun Ucuncu
Nasal furunculosis is a deep infection of hair follicle within the nasal vestibule. In this report, the authors presented a 49-year-old woman with 4-day history of focal red area and tender swelling on the tip of her nose. On physical examination, together with a swelling at nasal vestibulum, erythema, and edema on the skin of nasal tip were observed, which is called the Rudolph Sign. The patient was treated with intranasal topical mupirocin and oral sodium fusidate. Because nasal furunculosis may lead to serious complications such as ophthalmic vein thrombosis and cavernous sinus thrombosis, early diagnosis and effective treatment is essential...
September 2015: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Dong Wuk Kim, Kyung Soo Kim, Youn Gee Seo, Beom-Jin Lee, Young Joon Park, Yu Seok Youn, Jong Oh Kim, Chul Soon Yong, Sung Giu Jin, Han-Gon Choi
To develop a novel sodium fusidate-loaded film-forming hydrogel (FFH) for easy application and excellent wound healing, various FFH formulations and corresponding FFH dried films were prepared with drug, polyvinylalcohol (PVA), polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), propylene glycol, ethanol and water, and their film forming times, mechanical properties, drug release, in vivo wound healing in rat and histopathology were assessed. The sodium fusidate-loaded FFH composed of sodium fusidate/PVP/PVA/propylene glycol/ethanol/water at the weight ratio of 1/2/12/3/8/74 could form a corresponding dried film in the wound sites promptly due to fast film-forming time of about 4 min...
November 10, 2015: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
Tolga Kocatürk, Ataman Gençgönül, Faruk Balica, Mehmet Özbağcivan, Harun Çakmak
AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the effectiveness of the ophthalmic gels containing hyaluronate, xanthan gum, and netilmycine with fusidic acid in terms of recovery periods of corneal epithelium in the patients who underwent pterygium surgery. METHODS: Patients who underwent pterygium surgery were separated into two groups. Forty patients in group 1 were given eye gel containing sodium hyaluronate, xanthan gum, and netilmycine, and 40 patients in group 2 were given one drop of eye gel containing fusidic acid...
2015: Clinical Ophthalmology
Jasper Fuk-Woo Chan, Maggie Kam-Man Ma, Gavin Shueng-Wai Chan, Gary Chi-Wang Chan, Garnet Kwan-Yue Choi, Kwok-Hung Chan, Vincent Chi-Chung Cheng, Kwok-Wah Chan, Bo-Ying Choy, Kwok-Yung Yuen
JC virus (JCV)-associated nephropathy has been increasingly recognized as a cause of allograft dysfunction with graft loss in renal transplant recipients. Like many other opportunistic viral infections in transplant recipients, there are currently limited therapeutic options for this condition. Fusidic acid has previously been reported to exhibit antiviral activity against JCV in in vitro assays. We report the first in vivo study to document the rapid reduction of JC viruria and stabilization of allograft function by oral fusidic acid (fusidate sodium) in a deceased donor renal transplant recipient with JCV-associated nephropathy and acute allograft dysfunction which did not improve initially to surgical relief of hydronephrosis and reduction of immunosuppressants...
October 2015: Infection
John Jackson, Fay Leung, Clive Duncan, Clement Mugabe, Helen Burt
Bone cement containing antibiotics is commonly used to treat orthopedic related infections. However, effective treatment (especially of resistant bacteria, methacillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)) is compromised by very low levels of drug release so that typically less than 10% of loaded drug is released over a 6-week period. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of incorporation of water soluble excipients (polyethylene glycol, sodium chloride, or dextran) into antibiotic-loaded cement on mechanical strength and drug release properties...
April 2011: Drug Delivery and Translational Research
A Belloni Fortina, L Neri
Atopic dermatitis (AD), also known as atopic eczema, is a syndrome characterized by a chronic eczematous dermatitis, with associated pruritus, characteristic age-specific morphology and distribution of lesions and recurrent nature. Secondary infections in patients with AD are very common and difficult to treat. S. aureus colonizes almost all eczematous lesions in atopic patients and releases several super-antigens and exotoxins (i.e., toxic shock syndrome toxin-1, enterotoxins A-D, etc.), which sustain inflammatory reactions and promote tachyphylaxis...
June 2015: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Ju-Young Kim, Joon-Ho Jun, Sang-Joon Kim, Kyu-Mok Hwang, Sung Rak Choi, Sang Duk Han, Mi-Won Son, Eun-Seok Park
The objective of this study was to evaluate the healing effects of a chitosan-based, film-forming gel containing tyrothricin (TYR) in various rat wound models, including burn, abrasion, incision, and excision models. After solidification, the chitosan film layer successfully covered and protected a variety of wounds. Wound size was measured at predetermined timepoints after wound induction, and the effects of the film-forming gel were compared with negative (no treatment) and positive control groups (commercially available sodium fusidate ointment and TYR gel)...
February 2015: Archives of Pharmacal Research
Samuel E Gilchrist, Dirk Lange, Kevin Letchford, Horacio Bach, Ladan Fazli, Helen M Burt
Implant-associated infections following invasive orthopedic surgery are a major clinical problem, and are one of the primary causes of joint failure following total joint arthroplasty. Current strategies using perioperative antibiotics have been met with little clinical success and have resulted in various systemic toxicities and the promotion of antibiotic resistant microorganisms. Here we report the development of a biodegradable localized delivery system using poly(D,L-lactic acid-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) for the combinatorial release of fusidic acid (FA) (or its sodium salt; SF) and rifampicin (RIF) using electrospinning...
August 28, 2013: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
Mi-Ran Park, Do-Soo Kim, Jihyun Kim, Kangmo Ahn
Fusidic acid is a bacteriostatic antibiotic that is effective primarily on gram-positive bacteria, such as Staphylococcus and Corynebacterium species. It is often topically applied to the skin, but is also given systemically as a tablet or injection. Allergic contact dermatitis, or urticaria, has been reported as a side effect of fusidic acid treatment, whereas anaphylaxis to topically administered fusidic acid has not been reported previously. A 16-year-old boy visited an outpatient clinic for further evaluation of anaphylaxis...
March 2013: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
Aisha S M Hossan, Hanaa M A Abu-Melha, Mohamed A Al-Omar, Abd El-Galil E Amr
A series of pyridines, pyrimidinones, oxazinones and their derivatives were synthesized as antimicrobial agents using citrazinic acid (2,6-dihydroxyisonicotinic acid) as a starting material. α,β-Unsaturated ketones 3a-c were condensed with cyanothio-acetamide in the presence of ammonium acetate to give 2-cyanopyridinethiones 4a-c, which were reacted with ethyl chloroacetate to yield the corresponding cyano esters 5a-c. The esters 5a-c were cyclized by action of sodium methoxide to aminoesters 6a-c, which were aminolyzed with ammonia to corresponding aminoamide derivatives 7a-c...
2012: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Jürgen B Bulitta, Olanrewaju O Okusanya, Alan Forrest, Sujata M Bhavnani, Kay Clark, J Gordon Still, Prabhavathi Fernandes, Paul G Ambrose
The objectives of this analysis were to develop a population pharmacokinetic (PK) model to describe the absorption and disposition of fusidic acid after single and multiple doses and to determine the effect of food on the rate and extent of bioavailability. Plasma PK data from three phase 1 studies (n = 75; n = 14 with and without food) in which healthy subjects received sodium fusidate (500 to 2,200 mg) as single or multiple oral doses every 8 h (q8h) or q12h for up to 7 days were modeled using S-ADAPT (MCPEM algorithm)...
January 2013: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Michelle Chakraborti, John K Jackson, David Plackett, Samuel E Gilchrist, Helen M Burt
Many sites of bacterial infection such as in-dwelling catheters and orthopedic surgical sites require local rather than systemic antibiotic administration. However, currently used controlled release vehicles, such as polymeric films, release water-soluble antibiotics too quickly, whereas nonporous bone cement, used in orthopedics, release very little drug. The purpose of this study was to investigate the use of nanoparticulates composed of layered double hydroxide clays to bind various antibiotics and release them in a controlled manner...
July 2012: Journal of Materials Science. Materials in Medicine
Qi Wu, Yong-Chun Song, Hao Xu, Ye Guo, Jing Li, Ren-Xiang Tan
This paper describes improved optimization method that combines the one-factor-at-a-time method (OFAT), Plackett-Burman design, and the response surface method (RSM), which were used to optimize the medium for the production of fumigaclavine C (FC) and helvolic acid (HA) from endophytic Aspergillus fumigatus CY018 simultaneously. The ideal carbon and nitrogen sources for the two compounds were assessed initially via the one-factor-at-a-time method. Three key cultivation factors (pH, phosphate, and inoculum size) were chosen based on the results of Plackett-Burman design, and subsequently optimized by the central composite design...
December 2011: Journal of Asian Natural Products Research
Sandrine Lemaire, Francoise Van Bambeke, Denis Pierard, Peter C Appelbaum, Paul M Tulkens
BACKGROUND: Emergence of multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus has triggered a reassessment of fusidic acid (CEM-102, sodium fusidate). METHODS: Fusidic acid was examined for (1) activity against recent methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) isolates; (2) modulation of activity by acidic pH; and (3) accumulation by phagocytic cells and intracellular activity against methicillin-susceptible S. aureus (MSSA) and MRSA. RESULTS: About 96% of strains (N = 94) were susceptible (European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility Testing breakpoint [≤ 1 mg/L])...
June 2011: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
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