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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341517/proliferative-myositis-of-the-latissimus-dorsi-presenting-in-a-20-year-old-male-athlete
#1
N McHugh, R Tevlin, C Beggan, D J Ryan, J Larkin, F Moloney, M W Bennett, J Kelly
We describe the case of a 20-year-old rower presenting with an uncommon condition of Proliferative Myositis (PM) affecting the Latissimus Dorsi (LD). PM is a rare, benign tumour infrequently developing in the upper back. Its rapid growth and firm consistency may mistake it for sarcoma at presentation. Therefore, careful multidisciplinary work-up is crucial, and should involve appropriate radiological and histopathological investigations. Here, we propose the aetiology of LD PM to be persistent myotrauma induced by repetitive rowing motions...
August 8, 2017: Irish Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333355/bilateral-peripheral-nerve-field-stimulation-for-intractable-coccygeal-pain-a-case-study-using-dual-lead-intercommunication
#2
Michelle Granville, Patrick T Brennan, Robert E Jacobson
Coccygeal pain is a difficult chronic pain problem with mixed response to various treatments. This is a report of a case of coccygeal pain that after failing various conservative and interventional procedures over five years was evaluated with a temporary peripheral sacral fascial lead followed by implantation of bilateral sacral paramedian leads for peripheral nerve field stimulation (PNFS). This resulted in marked pain control and resumption of full activity. The visual analog scale (VAS) pain score improved from eight pre-implant to one after implant and has remained at that level in follow-up...
November 9, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331975/is-postoperative-bracing-after-pedicle-screw-fixation-of-spine-fractures-necessary-study-protocol-of-the-ornot-study-a-randomised-controlled-multicentre-trial
#3
Arjen Johannes Smits, Jaap Deunk, Agnita Stadhouder, Mark Cornelis Altena, Diederik Hendrik Ruth Kempen, Frank Willem Bloemers
INTRODUCTION: The most common surgical treatment of traumatic spine fractures is through a posterior approach using pedicle screws and rods. Postoperative treatment protocols including the use of postoperative orthoses however differ between hospitals and surgeons. A three-point hyperextension orthosis is designed to support proper posture and unload the anterior column. Some motion remains when wearing an orthosis, and its main value in postoperative treatment is therefore believed to be pain relief and patient confidence...
January 13, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329439/conserved-proteins-of-the-rna-interference-system-in-the-arbuscular-mycorrhizal-fungus-rhizoglomus-irregulare-provide-new-insight-into-the-evolutionary-history-of-glomeromycota
#4
Soon-Jae Lee, Mengxuan Kong, Paul Harrison, Mohamed Hijri
Horizontal gene transfer (HGT) is an important mechanism in the evolution of many living organisms particularly in Prokaryotes where genes are frequently dispersed between taxa. Although, HGT has been reported in Eukaryotes, its accumulative effect and its frequency has been questioned. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are an early diverged fungal lineage belonging to phylum Glomeromycota, whose phylogenetic position is still under debate. The history of AMF and land plant symbiosis dates back to at least 460 million years ago...
January 10, 2018: Genome Biology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325354/-excision-of-giant-desmoid-in-the-abdominal-wall-method-of-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-and-follow-up-of-long-termed-effect
#5
Y Fei, J Y Li
Objective: To explore the ideal procedure of excision and repair for giant desmoid in the abdominal wall and long-termed follow-up results. Methods: Clinical and follow-up data of 24 patients with giant desmoid in the abdominal wall underwent radical removal and immediate abdominal wall reconstruction in Diagnostic and Therapeutic Center of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital of People's Liberation Army General Hospital from October 2006 to October 2016 were analyzed retrospectively...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29322437/deep-computational-circular-rna-analytics-from-rna-seq-data
#6
Tobias Jakobi, Christoph Dieterich
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been first described as "scrambled exons" in the 1990s. CircRNAs originate from back splicing or exon skipping of linear RNA templates and have continuously gained attention in recent years due to the availability of high-throughput whole-transcriptome sequencing methods. Numerous manuscripts describe thousands of circRNAs throughout uni- and multicellular eukaryote species and demonstrated that they are conserved, stable, and abundant in specific tissues or conditions. This manuscript provides a walk-through of our bioinformatics toolbox, which covers all aspects of in silico circRNA analysis, starting from raw sequencing data and back-splicing junction discovery to circRNA quantitation and reconstruction of internal the circRNA structure...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321937/marijuana-bong-pseudomonas-lung-infection-a-detrimental-recreational-experience
#7
Agni Nhirmal Kumar, Chun Ian Soo, Boon Hau Ng, Tidi Hassan, Andrea Yu-Lin Ban, Roslina Abdul Manap
The use of Cannabis sativa, also known as marijuana, is believed to have dated back to thousands of years B.C. More than 200 decades later, it remains a popular recreational psychoactive substance that can be smoked through a water pipe. We report a case of marijuana smoking via a "bong" device, which has resulted in severe Pseudomonas aeruginosa necrotizing pneumonia treated with conservative medical therapy. This case highlights the importance of recognizing that life-threatening pneumonia can potentially be linked to marijuana and "bong" usage...
February 2018: Respirology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29321098/spondylodiscitis-diagnosis-and-treatment-options
#8
Christian Herren, Norma Jung, Miguel Pishnamaz, Marianne Breuninger, Jan Siewe, Rolf Sobottke
BACKGROUND: A recent population-based study from Denmark showed that the incidence of spondylodiscitis rose from 2.2 to 5.8 per 100 000 persons per year over the period 1995-2008; the age-standardized incidence in Germany has been estimated at 30 per 250 000 per year on the basis of data from the Federal Statistical Office (2015). The early diagnosis and treatment of this condition are essential to give the patient the best chance of a good outcome, but these are often delayed because it tends to present with nonspecific manifestations, and fever is often absent...
December 25, 2017: Deutsches Ärzteblatt International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316964/genome-wide-diversity-and-runs-of-homozygosity-in-the-braque-fran%C3%A3-ais-type-pyr%C3%A3-n%C3%A3-es-dog-breed
#9
Salvatore Mastrangelo, Filippo Biscarini, Barbara Auzino, Marco Ragatzu, Andrea Spaterna, Roberta Ciampolini
OBJECTIVE: Braque Français, type Pyrénées is a French hunting-dog breed whose origin is traced back to old pointing gun-dogs used to assist hunters in finding and retrieving game. This breed is popular in France, but seldom seen elsewhere. Despite the ancient background, the literature on its genetic characterization is surprisingly scarce. A recent study looked into the demography and inbreeding using pedigree records, but there is yet no report on the use of molecular markers in this breed...
January 9, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316936/perioperative-complications-after-surgical-treatment-in-degenerative-adult-de-novo-scoliosis
#10
Maciej J K Simon, Henry F H Halm, Markus Quante
BACKGROUND: Degenerative adult de novo (DAD) scoliosis appears characteristically in the sixth or seventh decade with symptoms of severe back pain and radiculopathy or spinal claudication. The aim of this study was to enhance the knowledge of perioperative complications and detect possible risk factors in this selective DAD scoliosis surgery. METHODS: This retrospective study included only patients with DAD scoliosis undergone correction spondylodesis with previous failure of conservative treatment...
January 10, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316496/native-metals-electron-bifurcation-and-co2-reduction-in-early-biochemical-evolution
#11
REVIEW
Filipa L Sousa, Martina Preiner, William F Martin
Molecular hydrogen is an ancient source of energy and electrons. Anaerobic autotrophs that harness the H2/CO2 redox couple harbour ancient biochemical traits that trace back to the universal common ancestor. Aspects of their physiology, including the abundance of transition metals, radical reaction mechanisms, and their main exergonic bioenergetic reactions, forge links between ancient microbes and geochemical reactions at hydrothermal vents. The midpoint potential of H2 however requires anaerobes that reduce CO2 with H2 to use flavin based electron bifurcation-a mechanism to conserve energy as low potential reduced ferredoxins via soluble proteins-for CO2 fixation...
January 6, 2018: Current Opinion in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29297953/evolution-of-morphology-and-locomotor-performance-in-anurans-relationships-with-microhabitat-diversification
#12
Jessyca Michele Citadini, Renata Brandt, Craig R Williams, Fernando Ribeiro Gomes
The relationships between morphology, performance, behavior and ecology provide evidence for multiple and complex phenotypic adaptations. The anuran body plan, for example, is evolutionarily conserved and shows clear specializations to jumping performance back at least to the early Jurassic. However, there are instances of more recent adaptation to habit diversity in the post-cranial skeleton, including relative limb length. The present study tested adaptive models of morphological evolution in anurans associated with the diversity of microhabitat use (aquatic, arboreal, fossorial, torrent, and terrestrial) in species of anuran amphibians from Brazil and Australia...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285640/difference-of-clinical-course-between-cases-with-bone-union-and-those-with-delayed-union-following-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures
#13
Hiroyuki Yasuda, Masatoshi Hoshino, Tadao Tsujio, Hidetomi Terai, Takashi Namikawa, Minori Kato, Akira Matsumura, Akinobu Suzuki, Kazushi Takayama, Shinji Takahashi, Hiroaki Nakamura
In this prospective multicenter study of osteoporotic vertebral fractures (OVFs), delayed union of OVF at 6-month follow-up caused prolonged pain, QOL impairment, ADL impairment, cognitive status deterioration, and vertebral collapse progression. PURPOSE: Delayed union following osteoporotic vertebral fracture displayed as an intravertebral cleft on plain X-rays was reported to be a factor for prolonged severe pain. However, the difference of clinical course between bone union and delayed union cases still remains unclear...
December 28, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284667/building-the-right-centriole-for-each-cell-type
#14
REVIEW
Jadranka Loncarek, Mónica Bettencourt-Dias
The centriole is a multifunctional structure that organizes centrosomes and cilia and is important for cell signaling, cell cycle progression, polarity, and motility. Defects in centriole number and structure are associated with human diseases including cancer and ciliopathies. Discovery of the centriole dates back to the 19th century. However, recent advances in genetic and biochemical tools, development of high-resolution microscopy, and identification of centriole components have accelerated our understanding of its assembly, function, evolution, and its role in human disease...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280646/-anthropometric-characteristics-and-functional-fitness-of-chilean-community-dwelling-older-adults
#15
Francisco A Guede Rojas, Luis Javier Chirosa, Sergio Fuentealba, César A Vergara, David L Ulloa, Sergio E Salazar, Héctor A Márquez, Paola A Barboza
INTRODUCTION: Anthropometry and functional fitness (FF) are fundamental aspects for functional independence conservation of older adults (OA). However, little has been investigated in chilean OA. OBJECTIVE: To analyze anthropometric and FF characteristics of non-disabled OA. METHODS: One hundred and sixteen subjects participated in the study. It was determined the prevalence of weight categories (Body Mass Index [BMI]) and cardiometabolic risk (CMR) (Waist Circumference [WC], Waist-Hip Ratio [WHR] and Waist-to-Height ratio [WHtR])...
November 14, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261704/a-participatory-approach-to-elucidate-the-consequences-of-land-invasions-on-redd-initiatives-a-case-study-with-indigenous-communities-in-panama
#16
Gerardo Vergara-Asenjo, Javier Mateo-Vega, Alexis Alvarado, Catherine Potvin
Land tenure and tenure security are among the most important factors determining the viability and success of Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD+) initiatives. The premise of the present paper is that territorial conflicts lead to forest loss and compromise the successful implementation of REDD+. Within this context, the main objectives of this paper are to (i) document, relying on participatory methods, the extent to which land conflicts drive deforestation and (ii) reflect on the legal context of REDD+ examining if, from an Indigenous perspective, it offers tools to resolve such conflicts...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29246101/diversification-of-defensins-and-nlrs-in-arabidopsis-species-by-different-evolutionary-mechanisms
#17
Mariana Mondragón-Palomino, Remco Stam, Ajay John-Arputharaj, Thomas Dresselhaus
BACKGROUND: Genes encoding proteins underlying host-pathogen co-evolution and which are selected for new resistance specificities frequently are under positive selection, a process that maintains diversity. Here, we tested the contribution of natural selection, recombination and transcriptional divergence to the evolutionary diversification of the plant defensins superfamily in three Arabidopsis species. The intracellular NOD-like receptor (NLR) family was used for comparison because positive selection has been well documented in its members...
December 15, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245267/refracture-of-osteoporotic-vertebral-body-after-treatment-by-balloon-kyphoplasty-three-cases-report
#18
REVIEW
Xigong Li, Yang Lu, Xiangjin Lin
RATIONALE: Balloon kyphoplasty is a widely accepted treatment of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs) with good results and a low risk for complications. A refracture of previously treated vertebra is a relatively rare condition. PATIENT CONCERNS: We reported our 3 cases and reviewed all relevant literatures of 11 cases with refracture of osteoporotic vertebral body after kyphoplasty. DIAGNOSES: Follow-up radiographs or magnetic resonance imaging examination confirmed refractures of previously treated vertebrae after kyphoplasty...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242500/comparative-analysis-of-the-genomes-of-stylophora-pistillata-and-acropora-digitifera-provides-evidence-for-extensive-differences-between-species-of-corals
#19
Christian R Voolstra, Yong Li, Yi Jin Liew, Sebastian Baumgarten, Didier Zoccola, Jean-François Flot, Sylvie Tambutté, Denis Allemand, Manuel Aranda
Stony corals form the foundation of coral reef ecosystems. Their phylogeny is characterized by a deep evolutionary divergence that separates corals into a robust and complex clade dating back to at least 245 mya. However, the genomic consequences and clade-specific evolution remain unexplored. In this study we have produced the genome of a robust coral, Stylophora pistillata, and compared it to the available genome of a complex coral, Acropora digitifera. We conducted a fine-scale gene-based analysis focusing on ortholog groups...
December 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239886/acute-coronary-artery-dissection-a-review-of-the-literature-and-current-evidence
#20
Syed Raza Shah, Richard Alweis
Acute coronary artery dissection is a rare, complex disease occurring particularly in young women without traditional cardiovascular risk factors. The pathophysiology and treatment are different from acute coronary syndrome caused by plaque rupture or erosion. Its clinical presentation may vary from unstable angina to sudden cardiac death. Hence, early detection is crucial to manage the dissection and reduce the mortality and morbidity rates. Most coronary dissections will heal spontaneously, and conservative treatment is recommended for uncomplicated cases...
December 12, 2017: Cardiology in Review
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