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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133715/minimally-invasive-lateral-foraminotomy-with-partial-lateral-facetectomy-for-lumbar-radiculopathy-an-evaluation-of-facet-integrity-and-description-of-the-procedure
#1
Akshay Hari, Murali Krishna, Santosh Rajagandhi, Ankit Sharma, Rajakumar V Deshpande
Foraminal stenosis causing nerve root compression and radiculopathy is a relatively common pathology in the lumbar spine. The treatment of choice, when surgery is indicated, is foraminal decompression at the affected level, usually through a conventional midline open foraminotomy. Minimally invasive lateral foraminotomy with partial lateral facetectomy is a potentially effective surgical alternative when such a surgery is warranted. The evaluation of the efficacy and benefits of this approach for treatment of radiculopathy; an assessment of facet integrity; and, a detailed description of the procedure are also provided...
November 2017: Neurology India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128087/-platelet-rich-plasma-prp-and-disc-lesions-a-review-of-the-literature
#2
REVIEW
L Charneux, C Demoulin, M Vanderthomment, M Tomasella, M-A Ferrara, S Grosdent, S Bethlen, R Fontaine, P Gillet, T Racaru, J-F Kaux
The spine has been the subject of extensive clinical research since it is the source of many painful complaints. However, there is little scientific evidence concerning the therapeutic proposals. During the course of life, the intervertebral disc degenerates, which over time diminishes its damping capacity and facilitates the expulsion of the nucleus pulposus through the annulus fibrosus. The degeneration of the intervertebral disc (DDI) is the origin of some back pain and various specific treatments have been developed...
November 8, 2017: Neuro-Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126228/prospective-randomized-blind-effect-on-outcome-study-of-conventional-vs-high-frequency-spinal-cord-stimulation-in-patients-with-pain-and-disability-due-to-failed-back-surgery-syndrome
#3
Jose De Andres, Vicente Monsalve-Dolz, Gustavo Fabregat-Cid, Vicente Villanueva-Perez, Anushik Harutyunyan, Juan Marcos Asensio-Samper, Nerea Sanchis-Lopez
Objectives: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) for patients with failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS) show variable results and limited to moderate evidence. In the last years the stimulation of high frequency (HF) has been considered as a better alternative in this pathology for its supposed benefits compared to the stimulation with conventional frequency (CF). To compare in one year follow-up, the efficacy of high-frequency SCS (HF) versus conventional frequency SCS (CF) on the patients with FBSS...
November 4, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126157/a-survey-of-the-species-of-squash-bug-hemiptera-coreidae-egg-parasitoids-in-virginia-and-their-distribution
#4
James M Wilson, Thomas P Kuhar
Squash bug, Anasa tristis DeGeer (Hemiptera: Coreidae), is a major pest of squash and pumpkins in the United States. In order to better understand the importance of natural egg parasitism of this species in Virginia, we conducted a 2-yr statewide survey. In total, 1,127 squash bug egg masses (~20,000 total eggs) were sampled from squash and pumpkins from 43 counties in Virginia from 2014 to 2015. Egg masses were brought back to the lab to record levels of squash bug nymphal emergence or adult parasitoid eclosion and identification...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121852/an-informatics-approach-to-interprofessional-management-of-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-study-using-the-omaha-system
#5
Robin R Austin, Karen A Monsen, Craig Schulz
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a complex health care issue that often involves multiple providers across various care settings. Health information technology (HIT) holds promise to improve care delivery by providing infrastructure for communication, clinical documentation, and management of patient data. Standardized terminology is essential for interoperability and enables evaluation of clinical data generated by documentation in an electronic health record (EHR). OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to demonstrate the feasibility of mapping evidence-based practice for conservative management of low back pain to the Omaha System and foster inter-professional communication and collaboration among diverse practitioners and patients...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Innovation in Health Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109886/radiofrequency-targeted-vertebral-augmentation-case-report-of-a-patient-with-7-osteoporotic-vertebral-fractures-in-a-variant-of-osteogenesis-imperfecta
#6
Leonard Westermann, Peer Eysel, Marvin Simons, Kourosh Zarghooni
Introduction: Radiofrequency-targeted vertebral augmentation (RF-TVA) is a recognized treatment for painful compression fractures. RF-TVA in a patient with multiple compression fractures due to type I osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) has not been previously reported. Case Presentation: A 54-year-old patient with type I OI is presented with a segmental thoracic hyperkyphosis and 7 recent vertebral compression fractures. Because of persistent severe thoracolumbar back pain despite conservative therapy, RF-TVA was indicated...
2017: Case Reports in Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109049/combined-transcriptomic-proteomic-analysis-of-salivary-gland-and-secreted-saliva-in-three-planthopper-species
#7
Hai-Jian Huang, Jia-Bao Lu, Qiao Li, Yan-Yuan Bao, Chuan-Xi Zhang
The planthoppers are piercing-sucking pests that continuously inject saliva into host plants using specialized stylets. However, knowledge on the constituent and function of planthopper saliva proteins was still limited. In this study, the transcriptomic and proteomic approach were adopted to characterize the composition of salivary glands and their secreted saliva in three planthoppers, respectively. Gene repertoires of salivary glands in brown planthopper (Nilaparvata lugens, BPH), white-backed planthopper (Sogatella furcifera, WBPH) and small brown planthopper (Laodelphax striatellus, SBPH) were very similar, which actively involved in protein synthesis and energy metabolism...
November 3, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103555/health-economic-evidence-gaps-and-methodological-constraints-in-low-back-pain-and-neck-pain-results-of-the-research-agenda-for-health-economic-evaluation-rahee-project
#8
REVIEW
J M van Dongen, J Ketheswaran, D Tordrup, R W J G Ostelo, R Bertollini, M W van Tulder
Despite the increased interest in economic evaluations, there are difficulties in applying the results of such studies in practice. Therefore, the "Research Agenda for Health Economic Evaluation" (RAHEE) project was initiated, which aimed to improve the use of health economic evidence in practice for the 10 highest burden conditions in the European Union (including low back pain [LBP] and neck pain [NP]). This was done by undertaking literature mapping and convening an Expert Panel meeting, during which the literature mapping results were discussed and evidence gaps and methodological constraints were identified...
December 2016: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101454/-surgical-management-of-ankylosing-spondylitis-bechterew-s-disease
#9
REVIEW
H Allouch, M Shousha, H Böhm
Ankylosing spondylitis is an inflammatory rheumatic disease that is often associated with back pain and restricted spinal movement. In the later stages of the disease, complete ossification of the entire spine and severe deformity can occur, often resulting in a marked reduction in quality of life and an increased risk of loss of independence due to diminished visual field. Patients with ankylosing spondylitis are at greater risk of spinal fractures. These are generally complex fractures associated with high morbidity and mortality; in addition, neurological deficits are not unusual...
November 3, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101004/acting-on-identity-myoblast-fusion-and-the-formation-of-the-syncytial-muscle-fiber
#10
REVIEW
Su Deng, Mafalda Azevedo, Mary Baylies
The study of Drosophila muscle development dates back to the middle of the last century. Since that time, Drosophila has proved to be an ideal system for studying muscle development, differentiation, function, and disease. As in humans, Drosophila muscle forms via a series of conserved steps, starting with muscle specification, myoblast fusion, attachment to tendon cells, interactions with motorneurons, and sarcomere and myofibril formation. The genes and mechanisms required for these processes share striking similarities to those found in humans...
October 31, 2017: Seminars in Cell & Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097956/thoracic-spondylodiscitis-epidural-abscess-in-an-afebrile-navy-veteran-a-case-report
#11
Zachary A Cupler, Michael T Anderson, Thomas J Stancik
Objective: The purpose of this case study was to describe the differential diagnosis of a thoracic epidural abscess in a Navy veteran who presented to a chiropractic clinic for evaluation and management with acupuncture within a Veterans Affairs Medical Center. Clinical Features: An afebrile 59-year-old man with acute thoracic spine pain and chronic low back pain presented to the chiropractic clinic at a Veterans Affairs Medical Center for consideration for acupuncture treatment...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097954/redundant-nerve-root-in-a-patient-with-chronic-lumbar-degenerative-canal-stenosis
#12
Federico E Villafañe, Allison Harvey, Norman Kettner
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe the diagnostic imaging features of redundant nerve roots caused by chronic lumbar degenerative canal stenosis (CLDCS). Clinical Features: A 56-year-old male presented with severe low back pain. He experienced pain during minimal active lumbar range of motion. The patient demonstrated weakness of the right iliopsoas and hypoesthesia of the L-2 dermatome. A working diagnosis of CLDCS was established. The patient's worsening severe low back pain warranted magnetic resonance imaging of the lumbar spine, which was performed for further evaluation...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097953/a-young-female-athlete-with-acute-low-back-pain-caused-by-stage-iv-breast-cancer
#13
Evan A Kahn
Objective: The purpose of this case report is to describe the case of a young female athlete with low back pain caused by metastatic breast cancer. Clinical Features: A 27-year-old woman presented with low back pain after striking a ball during kickball 3 days earlier. Because of the mechanism of injury and onset, the patient was originally diagnosed with a lumbar spine sprain/strain. Intervention/Outcome: After radiographs were obtained and were read as unremarkable, a 2-week trial of care was initiated that included soft-tissue mobilizations, anti-inflammatory medications from her primary care physician, and therapeutic rehabilitation exercises...
September 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095386/torticollis-and-fever-in-a-young-boy-a-unique-presentation-of-cat-scratch-disease-with-vertebral-osteomyelitis-and-epidural-phlegmon
#14
Jason R Rafferty, Elizabeth Janopaul-Naylor, Jeffrey Riese
Cat-scratch disease-associated vertebral osteomyelitis and epidural involvement are rare and may manifest with nonspecific chronic symptoms in children, such as fever or torticollis. We present only the fourth case in the literature describing epidural involvement in an immunocompetent boy presenting with fever, torticollis, and indiscriminate left upper back tenderness. Bartonella henselae serologies are important to consider because such atypical complications often are responsive to conservative management with antibiotics...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093794/minimally-invasive-versus-conventional-repair-of-spondylolysis-in-athletes-a-review-of-outcomes-and-return-to-play
#15
REVIEW
John Paul G Kolcun, Lee Onn Chieng, Karthik Madhavan, Michael Y Wang
Spondylolysis from pars fracture is a common injury among young athletes, which can limit activity and cause chronic back pain. While current literature has examined the relative benefits of surgical and conservative management of these injuries, no study has yet compared outcomes between conventional direct repair of pars defects and modern minimally invasive procedures. The goals of surgery are pain resolution, return to play at previous levels of activity, and a shorter course of recovery. In this review, the authors have attempted to quantify any differences in outcome between patients treated with conventional or minimally invasive techniques...
October 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082344/egg-development-and-larvae-and-juveniles-morphology-of-carp-cyprinus-carpio-in-korean
#16
Jae Min Park, Seong Jun Mun, Hu Sun Yim, Kyeong Ho Han
This study was conducted to observe egg and larvae morphological development of carp to obtain basic data for resource conservation and taxonomic research. Brood carp used in the research (total length 67.3-75.5 cm, average 71.0±3.45 cm) were bred in a circular rearing aquarium (600×300×100 cm) using a running water system from January to July, 2015. Breeding water temperature was maintained at 23.0-25.0℃(average 24.0℃). Fertilized carp eggs were translucent and globular, and their size was 1.75-1.89 mm (average 1...
September 2017: Balsaeng'gwa Saengsig
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075458/forgotten-underwater-forests-the-key-role-of-fucoids-on-australian-temperate-reefs
#17
REVIEW
Melinda A Coleman, Thomas Wernberg
Kelp forests dominated by species of Laminariales are globally recognized as key habitats on subtidal temperate rocky reefs. Forests characterized by fucalean seaweed, in contrast, receive relatively less attention despite being abundant, ubiquitous, and ecologically important. Here, we review information on subtidal fucalean taxa of Australia's Great Southern Reef, with a focus on the three most abundant and widely distributed genera (Phyllospora, Scytothalia, and Sargassum) to reveal the functionally unique role of fucoids in temperate reef ecology...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075039/exceptional-appendage-and-soft-tissue-preservation-in-a-middle-triassic-horseshoe-crab-from-sw-china
#18
Shixue Hu, Qiyue Zhang, Rodney M Feldmann, Michael J Benton, Carrie E Schweitzer, Jinyuan Huang, Wen Wen, Changyong Zhou, Tao Xie, Tao Lü, Shuigen Hong
Horseshoe crabs are classic "living fossils", supposedly slowly evolving, conservative taxa, with a long fossil record back to the Ordovician. The evolution of their exoskeleton is well documented by fossils, but appendage and soft-tissue preservation is extremely rare. Here we analyse details of appendage and soft-tissue preservation in Yunnanolimulus luopingensis, a Middle Triassic (ca. 244 million years old) horseshoe crab from Yunnan Province, SW China. The remarkable preservation of anatomical details including the chelicerae, five pairs of walking appendages, opisthosomal appendages with book gills, muscles, and fine setae permits comparison with extant horseshoe crabs...
October 26, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070967/case-report-glatiramer-acetate-induced-serum-sickness
#19
Paul Ferguson
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a central nervous system demyelinating disease with a prevalence of approximately 400,000 individuals in the United States. Glatiramer acetate is a frequently prescribed disease-modifying therapy used for the management of relapsing forms of the disease. A 40-year-old woman with relapsing-remitting MS presented with symptomatic concerns of vomiting, fever, diffuse rash, joint and low back pain, and distal lower-limb paresthesia and was subsequently admitted to the hospital for investigation and treatment...
September 2017: International Journal of MS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065295/conservation-biology-a-walking-stick-s-redux-on-lord-howe-island
#20
Gerasimos Cassis
Arguably the world's rarest insect - the Lord Howe Island 'tree lobster' - is being brought back from the brink. A recent study has confirmed the identity of this species using genomic data, which backstops its reintroduction to this World Heritage listed oceanic island.
October 23, 2017: Current Biology: CB
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