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Bk channel pgd

Guohui Zhang, Yanyan Geng, Yakang Jin, Jingyi Shi, Kelli McFarland, Karl L Magleby, Lawrence Salkoff, Jianmin Cui
Large conductance Ca2+ -activated K+ channels (BK channels) gate open in response to both membrane voltage and intracellular Ca2+ The channel is formed by a central pore-gate domain (PGD), which spans the membrane, plus transmembrane voltage sensors and a cytoplasmic gating ring that acts as a Ca2+ sensor. How these voltage and Ca2+ sensors influence the common activation gate, and interact with each other, is unclear. A previous study showed that a BK channel core lacking the entire cytoplasmic gating ring (Core-MT) was devoid of Ca2+ activation but retained voltage sensitivity (Budelli et al...
March 6, 2017: Journal of General Physiology
Yanyan Geng, Karl L Magleby
Single-channel kinetics has proven a powerful tool to reveal information about the gating mechanisms that control the opening and closing of ion channels. This introductory review focuses on the gating of large conductance Ca(2+)- and voltage-activated K(+) (BK or Slo1) channels at the single-channel level. It starts with single-channel current records and progresses to presentation and analysis of single-channel data and the development of gating mechanisms in terms of discrete state Markov (DSM) models. The DSM models are formulated in terms of the tetrameric modular structure of BK channels, consisting of a central transmembrane pore-gate domain (PGD) attached to four surrounding transmembrane voltage sensing domains (VSD) and a large intracellular cytosolic domain (CTD), also referred to as the gating ring...
2014: Frontiers in Physiology
Xiaohui Sun, Jingyi Shi, Kelli Delaloye, Xiao Yang, Huanghe Yang, Guohui Zhang, Jianmin Cui
Large-conductance, voltage-, and Ca²⁺-dependent K⁺ (BK) channels are broadly expressed in various tissues to modulate neuronal activity, smooth muscle contraction, and secretion. BK channel activation depends on the interactions among the voltage sensing domain (VSD), the cytosolic domain (CTD), and the pore gate domain (PGD) of the Slo1 α-subunit, and is further regulated by accessory β subunits (β1-β4). How β subunits fine-tune BK channel activation is critical to understand the tissue-specific functions of BK channels...
July 3, 2013: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Xiaohui Sun, Mark A Zaydman, Jianmin Cui
Voltage-activated K(+) (K(V)) channels are important for shaping action potentials and maintaining resting membrane potential in excitable cells. K(V) channels contain a central pore-gate domain (PGD) surrounded by four voltage-sensing domains (VSDs). The VSDs will change conformation in response to alterations of the membrane potential thereby inducing the opening of the PGD. Many K(V) channels are heteromeric protein complexes containing auxiliary β subunits. These β subunits modulate channel expression and activity to increase functional diversity and render tissue specific phenotypes...
2012: Frontiers in Pharmacology
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