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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730741/the-power-of-competence-support-the-impact-of-coaches-and-athlete-leaders-on-intrinsic-motivation-and-performance
#1
Katrien Fransen, Filip Boen, Maarten Vansteenkiste, Niels Mertens, Gert Vande Broek
Grounded in the Cognitive Evaluation Theory, a mini-theory of Self-Determination Theory, this experimental field study sought to examine the impact of competence support of both coaches and athlete leaders on athletes' competence satisfaction, intrinsic motivation, and subjective as well as objective performance. Male basketball players (N = 120) were allocated to groups of five players. These groups were then randomly assigned to a control group or to one of three experimental conditions. In these experimental conditions either the coach, the athlete leader, or both provided motivational feedback to their team...
July 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727487/improving-care-with-a-portfolio-of-physician-led-cancer-quality-measures-at-an-academic-center
#2
Julie Bryar Porter, Eben Lloyd Rosenthal, Marcy Winget, Andrea Segura Smith, Sridhar Belavadi Seshadri, Yohan Vetteth, Eileen F Kiamanesh, Amogh Badwe, Ranjana H Advani, Mark K Buyyounouski, Steven Coutre, Frederick Dirbas, Vasu Divi, Oliver Dorigo, Kristen N Ganjoo, Laura J Johnston, Lawrence David Recht, Joseph B Shrager, Eila C Skinner, Susan M Swetter, Brendan C Visser, Douglas W Blayney
PURPOSE: Development and implementation of robust reporting processes to systematically provide quality data to care teams in a timely manner is challenging. National cancer quality measures are useful, but the manual data collection required is resource intensive, and reporting is delayed. We designed a largely automated measurement system with our multidisciplinary cancer care programs (CCPs) to identify, measure, and improve quality metrics that were meaningful to the care teams and their patients...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727271/the-effectiveness-of-an-initial-continuing-education-course-in-leadership-for-dentists
#3
P Roig Jornet, E Kalenderian
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to measure the effectiveness of a continuing education course in leadership presented to postdoctoral dentist-leaders. METHODS: The authors developed a 3-day course on leadership and management with topics including self-awareness, leadership qualities, emotional intelligence, communication skills, social skills, conflict management, personal branding, quality improvement and team motivation. Twenty-two course participants with a median age of 37...
July 20, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725788/pathology-residents-comprise-inspection-team-for-a-cap-self-inspection
#4
Stacy G Beal, Jesse L Kresak, Anthony T Yachnis
We report our experience at the University of Florida in which residents and fellows served as the inspection team for a College of American Pathologists (CAP) self-inspection. We aimed to determine whether the CAP self-inspection could serve as a learning opportunity for pathology residents and fellows. To prepare for the inspection, we provided a series of 4 lunchtime seminars covering numerous laboratory management topics relating to inspections and laboratory quality. Preparation for the inspection began approximately 4 months prior to the date of the inspection...
January 2017: Acad Pathol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720207/thrombotic-microangiopathy-a-multidisciplinary-team%C3%A2-approach
#5
Craig E Gordon, Vipul C Chitalia, J Mark Sloan, David J Salant, David L Coleman, Karen Quillen, Katya Ravid, Jean M Francis
Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is characterized by the presence of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia along with organ dysfunction, and pathologically, by the presence of microthrombi in multiple microvascular beds. Delays in diagnosis and initiation of therapy are common due to the low incidence, variable presentation, and poor awareness of these diseases, underscoring the need for interdisciplinary approaches to clinical care for TMA. We describe a new approach to improve clinical management via a TMA team that originally stemmed from an Affinity Research Collaborative team focused on thrombosis and hemostasis...
July 15, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720181/computerized-tests-of-team-performance-and-crew-coordination-suitable-for-military-aviation-settings
#6
Ben D Lawson, Thomas W Britt, Amanda M Kelley, Jeremy R Athy, Shauna M Legan
INTRODUCTION: The coordination of team effort on shared tasks is an area of inquiry. A number of tests of team performance in challenging environments have been developed without comparison or standardization. This article provides a systematic review of the most accessible and usable low-to-medium fidelity computerized tests of team performance and determines which are most applicable to military- and aviation-relevant research, such as studies of group command, control, communication, and crew coordination...
August 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720170/a-decade-of-health-technology-assessment-in-poland
#7
Iga Lipska, Neil McAuslane, Hubert Leufkens, Anke Hövels
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to illustrate and provide a better understanding of the role of health technology assessment (HTA) processes in decision making for drug reimbursement in Poland and how this approach could be considered by other countries of limited resources. METHODS: We analyzed the evolution of the HTA system and processes in Poland over the past decade and current developments based on publicly available information. RESULTS: The role of HTA in drug-reimbursement process in Poland has increased substantially over the recent decade, starting in 2005 with the formation the Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Tariff System (AOTMiT)...
July 19, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720092/a-qualitative-study-of-clinic-and-community-member-perspectives-on-intervention-toolkits-unless-the-toolkit-is-used-it-won-t-help-solve-the-problem
#8
Melinda M Davis, Sonya Howk, Margaret Spurlock, Paul B McGinnis, Deborah J Cohen, Lyle J Fagnan
BACKGROUND: Intervention toolkits are common products of grant-funded research in public health and primary care settings. Toolkits are designed to address the knowledge translation gap by speeding implementation and dissemination of research into practice. However, few studies describe characteristics of effective intervention toolkits and their implementation. Therefore, we conducted this study to explore what clinic and community-based users want in intervention toolkits and to identify the factors that support application in practice...
July 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720090/-we-and-the-nurses-are-now-working-with-one-voice-how-community-leaders-and-health-committee-members-describe-their-role-in-sierra-leone-s-ebola-response
#9
Shannon A McMahon, Lara S Ho, Kerry Scott, Hannah Brown, Laura Miller, Ruwan Ratnayake, Rashid Ansumana
BACKGROUND: Across low-income settings, community volunteers and health committee members support the formal health system - both routinely and amid emergencies - by engaging in health services such as referrals and health education. During the 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic, emerging reports suggest that community engagement was instrumental in interrupting transmission. Nevertheless, literature regarding community volunteers' roles during emergencies generally, and Ebola specifically, is scarce...
July 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719228/successful-use-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-how-do-high-performing-hospitals-do-it
#10
Kimberly A Fisher, Kathleen M Mazor, Sarah Goff, Mihaela S Stefan, Penelope S Pekow, Lauren A Williams, Vida Rastegar, Michael B Rothberg, Nicholas S Hill, Peter K Lindenauer
RATIONALE: Noninvasive ventilation (NIV) is a cornerstone of treatment for patients with severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) where it has been shown to reduce the need for intubation, hospital length of stay, and mortality. Despite high quality evidence and strong recommendations in clinical guidelines, use of NIV varies widely across hospitals. OBJECTIVE: To identify approaches used by hospitals which have been successful in implementing NIV to treat patients with severe exacerbations of COPD...
July 18, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719140/do-english-mental-health-services-know-whether-they-followed-n-i-c-e-guidelines-with-patients-who-killed-themselves
#11
Jim Geekie, John Read, Julia Renton, Christopher Harrop
Freedom of Information Act requests sent to 51 NHS mental health providers in England showed an average of 20.5 suicides per organization. Only one provider, however, could report how many people that had killed themselves had been offered N.I.C.E. recommended psychological therapy. Information that might prevent suicides is being ignored. PRACTITIONER POINTS: Mental health services need, urgently, to develop data systems that can inform clinical team leaders about gaps in their services to suicidal people in their care Clinical psychologists have a particular responsibility to pressure managers to effectively monitor the provision of evidence-based treatments to suicidal people Trusts and commissioners must be aware of, and rectify, any failings of their services in relation to the prevention of suicide...
July 18, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715105/a-simulation-based-approach-to-measuring-team-situational-awareness-in-emergency-medicine-a-multicenter-observational-study
#12
Elizabeth D Rosenman, Aurora J Dixon, Jessica M Webb, Sarah Brolliar, Simon J Golden, Kerin A Jones, Sachita Shah, James A Grand, Steve W J Kozlowski, Georgia T Chao, Rosemarie Fernandez
OBJECTIVES: Team situational awareness (TSA) is critical for effective teamwork and supports dynamic decision-making in unpredictable, time-pressured situations. Simulation provides a platform for developing and assessing TSA; but these efforts are limited by suboptimal measurement approaches. The objective of this study was to develop and evaluate a novel approach to TSA measurement in interprofessional emergency medicine teams. METHODS: We performed a multicenter, prospective, simulation-based observational study to evaluate an approach to TSA measurement...
July 17, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713316/leader-humility-and-team-innovation-investigating-the-substituting-role-of-task-interdependence-and-the-mediating-role-of-team-voice-climate
#13
Wenxing Liu, Jianghua Mao, Xiao Chen
Leadership has been found to be linked with team innovation. Based on social information processing theory and substitutes for leadership theory, this paper examines the influence of leader humility on team innovation. Results from 90 teams showed that leader humility will enhance team innovation by fostering team voice climate. Further, task interdependence substitutes the effect of leader humility on team innovation through an indirect way via team voice climate. This study discussed the theoretical and practical implementations of these observations...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706777/using-community-based-participatory-research-and-organizational-diagnosis-to-characterize-relationships-between-community-leaders-and-academic-researchers
#14
Karen H Wang, Natasha J Ray, David N Berg, Ann T Greene, Georgina Lucas, Kenn Harris, Amy Carroll-Scott, Barbara Tinney, Marjorie S Rosenthal
Sustaining collaborations between community-based organization leaders and academic researchers in community-engaged research (CEnR) in the service of decreasing health inequities necessitates understanding the collaborations from an inter-organizational perspective. We assessed the perspectives of community leaders and university-based researchers conducting community-engaged research in a medium-sized city with a history of community-university tension. Our research team, included experts in CEnR and organizational theory, used qualitative methods and purposeful, snowball sampling to recruit local participants and performed key informant interviews from July 2011-May 2012...
September 2017: Preventive Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701350/effectiveness-of-interventions-to-improve-medication-use-during-rapid-sequence-intubation-in-a-pediatric-emergency-department
#15
Michelle C Caruso, Jenna R Dyas, Matthew R Mittiga, Andrea S Rinderknecht, Benjamin T Kerrey
PURPOSE: Results of a study to determine whether checklist-based interventions improved the selection and administration of rapid-sequence intubation (RSI) medications in a pediatric emergency department (ED) are reported. METHODS: A retrospective study of data collected during a quality-improvement project was conducted. Data sources included the electronic health record and video review. The central intervention was use of a 21-item RSI checklist, which included guidance for the physician team leader on medication selection and timing...
July 12, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700259/mixed-method-study-to-investigate-models-of-australian-integrative-oncology
#16
EunJin Lim, Janette L Vardy, Byeongsang Oh, Haryana M Dhillon
OBJECTIVES: This study explored the models of services and experiences of coordinators and directors engaged in providing complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) or integrative medicine (IM) in oncology centers throughout Australia. DESIGN: Fourteen leaders of IM programs from ten systematically selected Australian oncology centers were interviewed. Participants described their center's service model. Interview transcripts were thematically analyzed to identify underlying themes...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693520/strengthening-primary-health-care-teams-with-palliative-care-leaders-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Joan Llobera, Noemí Sansó, Amador Ruiz, Merce Llagostera, Estefania Serratusell, Carlos Serrano, María Luisa Martín Roselló, Enric Benito, Eusebio J Castaño, Alfonso Leiva
BACKGROUND: The objective of the Balearic Islands Palliative Care (PC) Program is to improve the quality of PC through a shared model consisting of primary health care professionals, home-based PC teams, and PC units in hospitals. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), patients with advanced cancer and other terminal diseases benefit from early identification and proactive PC. We will evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention in which a PC leader is established in the primary health care center, and assess the effect of this intervention on the early identification of patients in need of PC, the efficient use of health care services, and direct health care costs...
July 10, 2017: BMC Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693390/collaborating-with-nurse-leaders-to-develop-patient-safety-practices
#18
Anne Kanerva, Tuula Kivinen, Johanna Lammintakanen
Purpose The organisational level and leadership development are crucial elements in advancing patient safety, because patient safety weaknesses are often caused by system failures. However, little is known about how frontline leader and director teams can be supported to develop patient safety practices. The purpose of this study is to describe the patient safety development process carried out by nursing leaders and directors. The research questions were: how the chosen development areas progressed in six months' time and how nursing leaders view the participatory development process...
July 3, 2017: Leadership in Health Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689708/the-growing-role-of-biologics-and-biosimilars-in-the-united-states-perspectives-from-the-apha-biologics-and-biosimilars-stakeholder-conference
#19
Judy Crespi-Lofton, Jann B Skelton
OBJECTIVES: The American Pharmacists Association (APhA) convened the Biologics and Biosimilars Stakeholder Conference on November 30, 2016, in Washington DC. The objectives of the Conference were to determine the key issues and challenges within the marketplace for biologics, follow-on biologics (FOBs), and biosimilars, identify potential roles and responsibilities of pharmacists regarding biologic and biosimilar medications, and identify actions or activities that pharmacists may take to optimize the safe and cost-effective use of biologics and biosimilars...
July 6, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689700/surrounding-control-of-nonlinear-multi-agent-systems-with-non-identical-agents
#20
Shamisa Shoja, Mahdi Baradarannia, Farzad Hashemzadeh, Mohammadali Badamchizadeh, Peyman Bagheri
In this paper, the surrounding control problem of a group of non-identical agents is considered, where a team of followers achieves an equidistant distributed formation to surround a team of moving leaders. An adaptive design method is presented for multi-agent systems where the dynamics of agents are supposed to be nonlinear with unknown parameters. First, an estimator for the center of the leaders is introduced. Then, two distributed adaptive controllers based on the estimated center are proposed for each follower...
July 7, 2017: ISA Transactions
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