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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165965/using-teams-to-improve-outcomes-and-performance
#1
Beth Ulrich, Nancy Manning Crider
Mastering the use of teams in healthcare organizations can maximize outcomes and optimize the use of resources. Most work in healthcare organizations is done by teams, whether it's the clinical team taking care of patients on a unit, the leadership team accountable for operations of the organization, or a team formed to solve a specific problem, improve quality, or plan an event. Effective teams make organizations successful; ineffective teams can create more problems than they solve. This article describes how to successfully use the power of teams within the healthcare setting, create and develop teams, be a team leader or member, create conditions for team effectiveness and high performance, and provide team training...
March 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165227/reflections-on-a-community-engagement-strategy-for-mass-antimalarial-drug-administration-in-cambodia
#2
Thomas J Peto, Rupam Tripura, Chan Davoeung, Chea Nguon, Sanann Nou, Chhouen Heng, Pich Kunthea, Bipin Adhikari, Renly Lim, Nicola James, Christopher Pell, Phaik Yeong Cheah
Mass drug administration (MDA) to interrupt malaria transmission requires the participation of entire communities. As part of a clinical trial in western Cambodia, four villages received MDA in 2015-2016. Before approaching study communities, a collaboration was established with the local health authorities, village leaders, and village malaria workers. Formative research guided the development of engagement strategies. In each village, a team of volunteers was formed to explain MDA to their neighbors and provide support during implementation...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163249/are-empowered-employees-more-proactive-the-contingency-of-how-they-evaluate-their-leader
#3
Kui Yin, Lu Xing, Can Li, Yungui Guo
Finding ways to enhance employee proactive behavior is a focal concern for academics and practitioners. Previous studies have found a positive association between empowering leadership and proactive behavior (Martin et al., 2013; Li et al., 2017). However, these studies lack elaboration on mechanisms and do not rule out the effect of employees' proactive personality during empirical testing. We investigate empowering leadership from individual perspective due to the variation of empowerment levels even in the same team...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159491/-algorithm-for-securing-an-unexpected-difficult-airway-user-analysis-on-a-simulator
#4
T Ott, K Truschinski, M Kriege, M Naß, S Herrmann, V Ott, S Sellin
BACKGROUND: Critical incidents in difficult airway management are still a main contributory factor for perioperative morbidity and mortality. Many national associations have developed algorithms for management of these time critical events. For implementation of these algorithms the provision of technical requirements and procedure-related training are essential. Severe airway incidents are rare events and clinical experience of the individual operators is limited; therefore, simulation is an adequate instrument for training and evaluating difficult airway algorithms...
November 20, 2017: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153960/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-implementation-of-an-evidence-based-electronic-minimum-dataset-for-nursing-team-leader-handover-a-descriptive-survey
#5
Amy J Spooner, Leanne M Aitken, Wendy Chaboyer
INTRODUCTION: There is widespread use of clinical information systems in intensive care units however, the evidence to support electronic handover is limited. OBJECTIVES: The study aim was to assess the barriers and facilitators to use of an electronic minimum dataset for nursing team leader shift-to-shift handover in the intensive care unit prior to its implementation. METHODS: The study was conducted in a 21-bed medical/surgical intensive care unit, specialising in cardiothoracic surgery at a tertiary referral hospital, in Queensland, Australia...
November 15, 2017: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148607/the-art-of-oral-handovers-a-participant-observational-study-by-undergraduate-students-in-a-hospital-setting
#6
Tove Giske, Sunniva Nese Melås, Kari Anne Einarsen
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This study explores the conditions for oral handovers between shifts in a hospital setting, and how these impact patient safety and quality of care. BACKGROUND: Oral handovers transfer patient information and nursing responsibilities between shifts. Short written summaries of patients can complement an oral handover. How to find the balance between a standardised protocol for handovers and tailoring variations to specific patients and situations is debated in the literature...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136272/are-you-ready-crisis-leadership-in-a-hyper-vuca-environment
#7
Khaldoon H Alkhaldi, Meredith L Austin, Boris A Cura, Darrell Dantzler, Leslie Holland, David L Maples, Jamie C Quarrelles, Robert K Weinkle, Leonard J Marcus
The current hyper-volatile, -uncertain, -complex, and -ambiguous (VUCA) threat environment demands a more cohesive support structure for crisis leaders who may be faced with crises of increasing magnitude and frequency and, in some instances, multiple crisis events simultaneously. The project team investigates the perceptions of crisis leaders regarding establishing a crisis leader advisor position for crisis leaders to benefit from their experience while prosecuting crisis response activities. The team linked hyper-VUCA crises, crisis response frameworks, meta-leadership, crisis leader attributes, and advisor attributes...
April 2017: American Journal of Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126452/high-performing-trauma-teams-frequency-of-behavioral-markers-of-a-shared-mental-model-displayed-by-team-leaders-and-quality-of-medical-performance
#8
Bjørn Helge Johnsen, Heidi Kristina Westli, Roar Espevik, Torben Wisborg, Guttorm Brattebø
BACKGROUND: High quality team leadership is important for the outcome of medical emergencies. However, the behavioral marker of leadership are not well defined. The present study investigated frequency of behavioral markers of shared mental models (SMM) on quality of medical management. METHOD: Training video recordings of 27 trauma teams simulating emergencies were analyzed according to team -leader's frequency of shared mental model behavioral markers. RESULTS: The results showed a positive correlation of quality of medical management with leaders sharing information without an explicit demand for the information ("push" of information) and with leaders communicating their situational awareness (SA) and demonstrating implicit supporting behavior...
November 10, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117092/the-development-and-validation-of-a-concise-instrument-for-formative-assessment-of-team-leader-performance-during-simulated-pediatric-resuscitations
#9
Lindsay D Nadkarni, Cindy G Roskind, Marc A Auerbach, Aaron W Calhoun, Mark D Adler, David O Kessler
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the validity of a formative feedback instrument for leaders of simulated resuscitations. METHODS: This is a prospective validation study with a fully crossed (person × scenario × rater) study design. The Concise Assessment of Leader Management (CALM) instrument was designed by pediatric emergency medicine and graduate medical education experts to be used off the shelf to evaluate and provide formative feedback to resuscitation leaders...
November 8, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117049/trauma-leadership-strategies-to-prevent-and-reduce-burnout-in-urban-academic-trauma-centers
#10
Melissa S Hockaday
The incidence of burnout syndrome is increasing among all health care disciplines. The core members of the trauma team in high-performing trauma centers are the greatest risk. It is the responsibility of trauma leadership to raise awareness of risk factors, implement standardized assessment tools, and develop strategies to mitigate burnout in employees. The consequences of burnout are devastating to providers' well-being as well as patient safety. Burnout can lead to increased risk of anxiety, depression, substance abuse, and suicide among team members...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117048/certification-matters
#11
Sean Elwell
As professionals, we have many opportunities to prove our expertise in our field. Professional Certification is one of those opportunities. Certified nurses have reported feeling more empowered, with better collaborative relationships, as well as believing that they provide better care. Nurses also have perceived intrinsic value to obtaining certification in a specialty practice area. The certification process attempts to demonstrate that the nurse has exceeded the minimal standards and exhibits a high level of competence over the subject area...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115775/strengthening-ethical-decision-making-the-experience-of-iranian-nurses
#12
Fatemeh Esmaelzadeh, Abbas Abbaszadeh, Fariba Borhani, Hamid Peyrovi
AIMS: Ethical decision-making is a complex process that nurses perform daily. The aim of this study is to explain how ethical leaders in Iran strengthen ethical decision-making in their nursing teams. METHOD: Data were collected using deep and semi-structured interviews with 20 Iranian nurses in 2015. Analysis was based on constant comparative analysis. RESULTS: Ethical leaders strengthen ethical decision-making by promoting ethical commitment, developing an ethical atmosphere and guiding ethical decision-making...
September 28, 2017: Nursing Management (Harrow)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109413/plasticity-in-leader-follower-roles-in-human-teams
#13
Shinnosuke Nakayama, Manuel Ruiz Marín, Maximo Camacho, Maurizio Porfiri
In humans, emergence of leaders and followers is key to group performance, but little is known about the whys and hows of leadership. A particularly elusive question entails behavioral plasticity in leadership across social contexts. Addressing this question requires to eliminate social feedback between focal individuals and their partners in experiments that could illuminate the spontaneous emergence of social roles. We investigated plasticity in leader-follower roles in cooperation, where members choose the task toward a shared goal, and coordination, where members adjust their actions in real time based on social responsiveness...
November 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106585/development-of-the-phast-model-generating-standard-public-health-services-data-and-evidence-for-decision-making
#14
Betty Bekemeier, Seungeun Park
Objective: Standardized data regarding the distribution, quality, reach, and variation in public health services provided at the community level and in wide use across states and communities do not exist. This leaves a major gap in our nation's understanding of the value of prevention activities and, in particular, the contributions of our government public health agencies charged with assuring community health promotion and protection. Public health and community leaders, therefore, are eager for accessible and comparable data regarding preventive services that can inform policy decisions about where to invest resources...
November 2, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association: JAMIA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105074/common-data-elements-for-preclinical-epilepsy-research-standards-for-data-collection-and-reporting-a-task3-report-of-the-aes-ilae-translational-task-force-of-the-ilae
#15
Lauren C Harte-Hargrove, Jacqueline A French, Asla Pitkänen, Aristea S Galanopoulou, Vicky Whittemore, Helen E Scharfman
The major objective of preclinical translational epilepsy research is to advance laboratory findings toward clinical application by testing potential treatments in animal models of seizures and epilepsy. Recently there has been a focus on the failure of preclinical discoveries to translate reliably, or even to be reproduced in different laboratories. One potential cause is a lack of standardization in preclinical data collection. The resulting difficulties in comparing data across studies have led to high cost and missed opportunity, which in turn impede clinical trials and advances in medical care...
November 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094959/leader-humility-and-team-creativity-the-role-of-team-information-sharing-psychological-safety-and-power-distance
#16
Jia Hu, Berrin Erdogan, Kaifeng Jiang, Talya N Bauer, Songbo Liu
In this study, we identify leader humility, characterized by being open to admitting one's limitations, shortcomings, and mistakes, and showing appreciation and giving credit to followers, as a critical leader characteristic relevant for team creativity. Integrating the literatures on creativity and leadership, we explore the relationship between leader humility and team creativity, treating team psychological safety and team information sharing as mediators. Further, we hypothesize and examine team power distance as a moderator of the relationship...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Applied Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092897/careers-at-biotech-start-ups-and-in-entrepreneurship
#17
REVIEW
Susan Froshauer
The world of biotechnology "start-ups" and entrepreneurship offers exciting new avenues for driving state-of-the-art research using an arsenal of multidisciplinary skills, whether your role is as part of a team or as a leader. Although traditionally these positions may not be as secure as those offered by some of the larger companies, the small start-up culture provides opportunities for contributing at many levels to a wide range of responsibilities: from scientific discovery to delivery of proof of concept and intellectual property; from analysis of market opportunities and competitive intelligence to creation of time lines and business plans for a first product...
November 1, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Perspectives in Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084067/a-randomized-control-trial-of-cardiopulmonary-feedback-devices-and-their-impact-on-infant-chest-compression-quality-a-simulation-study
#18
Andrea L Austin, Carmen N Spalding, Katrina N Landa, Brian R Myer, Cure Donald, Jason E Smith, Gerald Platt, Heather C King
OBJECTIVES: In effort to improve chest compression quality among health care providers, numerous feedback devices have been developed. Few studies, however, have focused on the use of cardiopulmonary resuscitation feedback devices for infants and children. This study evaluated the quality of chest compressions with standard team-leader coaching, a metronome (MetroTimer by ONYX Apps), and visual feedback (SkillGuide Cardiopulmonary Feedback Device) during simulated infant cardiopulmonary resuscitation...
October 27, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083291/collaborative-leadership-part-2-the-role-of-the-nurse-leader-in-interprofessional-team-based-practice-shifting-from-task-to-collaborative-patient-family-focused-care
#19
Carole A Orchard, Olubukola Sonibare, Adam Morse, Jennifer Collins, Areej Al-Hamad
This paper presents a discussion on the key role that nurses assume with their patients and also with other health providers. We will argue that a change is needed to provide "space" for nurses to re-engage with their patients and to return to their key coordinating role between their patients, their family members and other health providers in interprofessional patient and family-centred collaborative practice. Furthermore, we will discuss the important role of nurse leaders to present the nurses' unique role and importance to health system administrators and policy makers to improve health outcomes of patients and how their role can concomitantly reduce healthcare costs...
2017: Nursing Leadership
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083290/collaborative-leadership-part-1-the-nurse-leader-s-role-within-interprofessional-teams
#20
Carole A Orchard, Olubukola Sonibare, Adam Morse, Jennifer Collins, Areej Al-Hamad
The purpose of this paper is to present a perspective advocating for a dual role of nurse leaders as both managers and advocates for nurses to demonstrate their disciplinary knowledge and practice. Further, the paper will demonstrate that nurse leaders have the capacity to influence integration of interprofessional collaborative practice with other health professionals within their leadership areas. Additionally, we present strategies to advocate for changing the meaning of nursing leadership in practice, and creating a shift from task orientation of nurses' care to one that is individualized and comprehensive...
2017: Nursing Leadership
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