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Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220165/-medication-and-biologic-treatment-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#1
H Luo, S Z Ding, X R Zhang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220164/-heterogeneity-of-pathophysiological-characteristics-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#2
P H Pan, C Song, M H Dai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220163/-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-hope-of-severe-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#3
B Sun, X Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220162/-personalized-mechanical-ventilation-guided-by-pulmonary-mechanics-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-patients
#4
L X Xie, Y Wang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30220161/-definition-changes-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-over-the-past-50-years
#5
Q Y Zhan, X Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2018: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30216327/noninvasive-ventilation-versus-high-flow-nasal-oxygen-for-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-where-next
#6
Milind P Sovani, Antonio M Esquinas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30214793/acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-caused-by-salicylate-intoxication
#7
Yuichiro Otani, Keishi Kanno, Ezekiel Wong Toh Yoon, Susumu Tazuma
Salicylate-induced acute respiratory syndrome (ARDS) is a well-known entity occurring in 35% of salicylate-intoxicated patient. Careful history taking, physical examination, arterial blood gas analysis, and measurement of serum salicylate concentration will lead to early recognition to initiate appropriate treatment.
September 2018: Clinical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30213468/a-review-on-current-trends-in-the-treatment-of-human-infection-with-h7n9-avian-influenza-a
#8
REVIEW
Palanisamy Sivanandy, Foong Zi Xien, Lee Woon Kit, Yeoh Tze Wei, Kuan Hui En, Lian Chia Lynn
The H7N9 subtype of avian influenza is an enzootic and airborne virus which caused an influenza outbreak in China. Infected individuals mostly worked with poultry, suggesting H7N9 virus-infected poultry as the primary source of human infection. Significantly increased levels of proinflammatory mediators (chemokines, cytokines) during virus infection could hamper the immune system and aggravate the infection. Severe cases are marked by fulminant pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) and encephalopathy...
September 10, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30211618/physiological-analysis-and-clinical-performance-of-the-ventilatory-ratio-in-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#9
Pratik Sinha, Carolyn S Calfee, Jeremy R Beitler, Neil Soni, Kelly Ho, Michael A Matthay, Richard H Kallet
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Pulmonary dead space fraction is an independent predictor of mortality in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Yet, it is seldom utilized in practice. The Ventilatory ratio is a simple bedside index that can be calculated using routinely measured respiratory variables and is a measure of impaired ventilation. Ventilatory ratio is defined as [minute ventilation (mL/min) * arterial PCO2 (mmHg)]/[predicted body weight * 100 * 37.5]. The relation of Ventilatory Ratio with in ARDS is currently unknown...
September 13, 2018: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210858/pulmonary-glue-embolism-an-unusual-complication-following-endoscopic-sclerotherapy-for-gastric-varices
#10
Philips G Michael, Georgios Antoniades, Anca Staicu, Shahid Seedat
A pulmonary glue embolism is an unusual but potentially life-threatening complication following the treatment of variceal bleeding, especially in patients with large varices requiring large volumes of sclerosant. Other contributory factors include the rate of injection and ratio of the constituent components of the sclerosant (i.e. n-butyl-cyanoacrylate and lipiodol). This condition may be associated with a delayed onset of respiratory compromise. Therefore, a high degree of clinical suspicion is essential in patients with unexplained cardiorespiratory decline during or following endoscopic sclerotherapy...
May 2018: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210781/recent-advances-in-understanding-and-treating-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#11
REVIEW
Rahul S Nanchal, Jonathon D Truwit
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a clinically and biologically heterogeneous disorder associated with many disease processes that injure the lung, culminating in increased non-hydrostatic extravascular lung water, reduced compliance, and severe hypoxemia. Despite enhanced understanding of molecular mechanisms, advances in ventilatory strategies, and general care of the critically ill patient, mortality remains unacceptably high. The Berlin definition of ARDS has now replaced the American-European Consensus Conference definition...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210614/phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-mediated-ho-1-co-represses-fis1-levels-and-alleviates-lipopolysaccharide-induced-oxidative-injury-in-alveolar-macrophages
#12
Jia Shi, Jianbo Yu, Yuan Zhang, Zhen Li, Lirong Gong, Shuan Dong, Rui Mu
Sepsis-related acute respiratory distress syndrome is characterized by marked oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction lacking of specific therapy. Heme oxygenase (HO)-1 followed by endogenous carbon monoxide (CO) exerted a cytoprotective effect against multi-organ damage during sepsis. Additionally, the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (Akt) pathway, which serves as an upstream regulator of HO-1, was associated with inflammation and oxidative stress. Therefore, the purpose of the present study was to investigate whether the PI3K/Akt pathway was involved in the effects of HO-1/CO on the expression of mitochondrial fission 1 protein (Fis1)...
September 2018: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210023/-a-review-on-neonatal-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#13
Ming Chi, Ya-Bo Mei, Zhi-Chun Feng
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common clinical critical disease and is one of the main causes of death and disability in neonates. The etiology and pathogenesis of neonatal ARDS are complicated. It is an acute pulmonary inflammatory disease caused by the lack of pulmonary surfactant (PS) related to various pathological factors. It is difficult to distinguish neonatal ARDS from other diseases. At present, there is no specific treatment method for this disease. Respiratory support, PS replacement, extracorporeal membrane oxygenation, nutrition support and liquid management are main treatment strategies...
September 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210022/-advances-in-the-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#14
Yang Chen, Guo-Ping Lu
Pediatric acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is an important cause of deaths in critically ill children admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit. Although lung-protective ventilation improves the prognosis of pediatric ARDS, the mortality rate of children with moderate or severe ARDS is still high. Given that the epidemiology, treatment, and prognosis of pediatric ARDS are different from those of adult ARDS, pediatric ARDS was first defined in the 2015 Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference...
September 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210021/-application-of-noninvasive-ventilation-in-children-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#15
Jin-Hao Tao, Guo-Ping Lu
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a common critical illness in children and has high incidence and mortality rates among critically ill pediatric patients. Noninvasive ventilation has become a common treatment method for ARDS because of its unique features. This article reviews the research status in the application of noninvasive ventilation in children with ARDS.
September 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210020/-lung-recruitment-maneuvers-and-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-titration-in-children-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#16
Wei-Ming Chen, Guo-Ping Lu
The application of small tidal volume and the limitation of airway pressure during mechanical ventilation in acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) are well accepted. Lung recruitment and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) titration can improve oxygenation and protect the lungs. However, the approaches of lung recruitment and PEEP titration remain controversial. This article reviews the lung recruitment maneuvers and PEEP titration in children with ARDS.
September 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210019/-application-of-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-in-children-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#17
Gang-Feng Yan, Guo-Ping Lu, Zhu-Jin Lu, Wei-Ming Chen
The children with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) usually require ventilatory support treatment. At present, lung protective ventilation strategy is recommended for the treatment of ARDS. Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can improve oxygenation and remove carbon dioxide by extracorporeal circuit, and can partially or completely take over cardiopulmonary function. ECMO support showed many advantages in treating severe ARDS, such as reducing ventilator-induced lung injury and correcting hypoxemia...
September 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30210018/-drug-management-of-pediatric-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome
#18
Guo-Ping Lu, Yi-Xue Wang
This article reviewed the Consensus Recommendations on Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) from the Pediatric Acute Lung Injury Consensus Conference in 2015 and the literature related to drug management of ARDS. The main points of drug management of pediatric ARDS were summarized.
September 2018: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30207283/radiologic-and-autopsy-findings-in-a-case-of-fatal-immune-checkpoint-inhibitor-associated-pneumonitis
#19
Meghan Shea, Deepa Rangachari, Robert W Hallowell, Norris I Hollie, Daniel B Costa, Paul A VanderLaan
Oncologists are increasingly managing drug-induced pneumonitis in lung cancer patients treated with PD-1/PD-L1 immune checkpoint inhibitors. To date only few studies on the topic have described both radiologic and pathologic findings in these patients. Here, we report a fatal case of immune checkpoint inhibitor-associated pneumonitis initially presenting with an organizing pneumonia, but who rapidly developed acute respiratory distress syndrome (confirmed histologically at the time of autopsy). As such, this case illustrates the need for clinicians to maintain a high index of suspicion for immune checkpoint inhibitor associated pneumonitis and have a low threshold to perform CT imaging in any symptomatic patient receiving checkpoint inhibition therapy...
2018: Cancer Treatment and Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/30206081/optimal-duration-of-prone-positioning-in-patients-with-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression-analysis
#20
Tetsuro Kamo, Yoshitaka Aoki, Tatsuma Fukuda, Kiyoyasu Kurahashi, Hideto Yasuda, Masamitsu Sanui, Eishu Nango, Takayuki Abe, Alan Kawarai Lefor, Satoru Hashimoto
INTRODUCTION: Several systematic reviews and meta-analyses have demonstrated that prolonged (≥16 hours) prone positioning can reduce the mortality associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, the effectiveness and optimal duration of prone positioning was not fully evaluated. To fill these gaps, we will first investigate the effectiveness of prone positioning compared with the conventional management of patients with ARDS, regarding outcomes using the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation (GRADE) system...
September 10, 2018: BMJ Open
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