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Microdissection testis

Giacomo Diaz, Ronald E Engle, Ashley Tice, Marta Melis, Stephanie Montenegro, Jaime Rodriguez-Canales, Jeffrey Hanson, Michael R Emmert-Buck, Kevin W Bock, Ian N Moore, Fausto Zamboni, Sugantha Govindarajan, David Kleiner, Patrizia Farci
There is limited data on the molecular mechanisms whereby hepatitis D virus (HDV) promotes liver cancer. Therefore, serum and liver specimens obtained at the time of liver transplantation from well-characterized patients with HDV-HCC (n-5) and with non-HCC HDV cirrhosis (n=7) were studied using an integrated genomic approach. Transcriptomic profiling was performed using laser capture-microdissected (LCM) malignant and non-malignant hepatocytes, tumorous and non-tumorous liver tissue from patients with HDV-HCC, and liver tissue from patients with non-HCC HDV cirrhosis...
June 1, 2018: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
Massimo Alfano, Roberto Ferrarese, Irene Locatelli, Eugenio Ventimiglia, Silvia Ippolito, Pierangela Gallina, Daniela Cesana, Filippo Canducci, Luca Pagliardini, Paola Viganò, Massimo Clementi, Manuela Nebuloni, Francesco Montorsi, Andrea Salonia
STUDY QUESTION: Given the relevant role of the extracellular microenvironment in regulating tissue homeostasis, is testicular bacterial microbiome (BM) associated with germ cell aplasia in idiopathic non-obstructive azoospermia (iNOA)? SUMMARY ANSWER: A steady increase of dysbiosis was observed among testis with normal spermatogenesis vs. iNOA with positive sperm retrieval and iNOA with complete germ cell aplasia. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Tissue-associated BM has been reported to be a biologically important extracellular microenvironment component for numerous body habitats, but not yet for the human testis...
May 30, 2018: Human Reproduction
T Kondo, S Kuroda, K Usui, K Mori, T Asai, T Takeshima, T Kawahara, H Hamanoue, H Uemura, Y Yumura
Klinefelter syndrome is a condition in which a male patient has one Y chromosome and one or more extra X chromosomes. It is the most common sex chromosome disorder. Klinefelter syndrome is distinguished by many clinical features, such as infertility, high gonadotropin and low testosterone levels, increased height, and sparse body and facial hair. We report the case of a 32-year-old man who visited our hospital complaining of male infertility. Semen analysis showed azoospermia, and chromosomal analysis revealed a 47,XY,i(X)(q10) karyotype, which is a rare variant of Klinefelter syndrome...
April 17, 2018: Andrologia
Ying Xu, Weixing Wu, Yunxia Fan, Shuyi Jiang, Xiaoyu Jia, Wenhui Su
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transforming growth factor-β3 (TGF-β3) has been proved to perturb the blood-testis barrier (BTB) by accelerating junction protein endocytosis in Sertoli cells (SCs) to accommodate the traversing of preleptotene spermatocytes across the BTB around stage VIII in rat. Yet the molecular network underlying the impairment of TGF-β3 on BTB integrity is not fully elucidated. Our study herein was designed to investigate the participation of microRNA-142-3p (miR-142-3p), which has been reported to affect TGF-β3 signaling via different pathways, during BTB dynamics and the corresponding mechanisms...
2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Grace H Hwang, Jessica L Hopkins, Philip W Jordan
Chromatin spread techniques have been widely used to assess the dynamic localization of various proteins during gametogenesis, particularly for spermatogenesis. These techniques allow for visualization of protein and DNA localization patterns during meiotic events such as homologous chromosome pairing, synapsis and DNA repair. While a few protocols have been described in the literature, general chromatin spread techniques using mammalian prophase oocytes are limited and difficult due to the timing of meiosis initiation in fetal ovaries...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Massimo Alfano, Eugenio Ventimiglia, Irene Locatelli, Paolo Capogrosso, Walter Cazzaniga, Filippo Pederzoli, Nicola Frego, Rayan Matloob, Antonino Saccà, Luca Pagliardini, Paola Viganò, Pietro Zerbi, Manuela Nebuloni, Marina Pontillo, Francesco Montorsi, Andrea Salonia
The lack of clinically-reliable biomarkers makes impossible to predict sperm retrieval outcomes at testicular sperm extraction (TESE) in men with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA), resulting in up to 50% of unnecessary surgical interventions. Clinical data, hormonal profile and histological classification of testis parenchyma from 47 white-Caucasian idiopathic NOA (iNOA) men submitted to microdissection TESE (microTESE) were analyzed. Logistic regression analyses tested potential clinical predictors of positive sperm retrieval...
December 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
K Shiraishi, A Shindo, A Harada, H Kurumizaka, H Kimura, Y Ohkawa, H Matsuyama
Histone H3.5 (H3.5) is a newly identified histone variant highly expressed in the human testis. We have reported the crystal structure, instability of the H3.5 nucleosome and accumulation around transcription start sites, mainly in primary spermatocytes, but its role in human spermatogenesis remains poorly understood. Testicular biopsy specimens from 30 men (mean age: 35 years) with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) who underwent microdissection testicular sperm extraction and 23 men with obstructive azoospermia (OA) were included...
January 2018: Andrology
I-Shen Huang, William J Huang, Alex T Lin
BACKGROUND: An accurate diagnosis of the etiology of azoospermia is crucial, as sperm retrieval methods differ between patients with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) and obstructive azoospermia (OA). The aim of this study was to determine hormone and testes size cutoff values to identify the cause of azoospermia in Taiwanese patients. METHODS: The medical records of azoospermic patients were retrospectively collected from April 2008 to July 2016, including hormone profile, physical examination findings, and testes size...
October 24, 2017: Journal of the Chinese Medical Association: JCMA
Sabrina Z Jan, Tinke L Vormer, Aldo Jongejan, Michael D Röling, Sherman J Silber, Dirk G de Rooij, Geert Hamer, Sjoerd Repping, Ans M M van Pelt
Spermatogenesis is a dynamic developmental process that includes stem cell proliferation and differentiation, meiotic cell divisions and extreme chromatin condensation. Although studied in mice, the molecular control of human spermatogenesis is largely unknown. Here, we developed a protocol that enables next-generation sequencing of RNA obtained from pools of 500 individually laser-capture microdissected cells of specific germ cell subtypes from fixed human testis samples. Transcriptomic analyses of these successive germ cell subtypes reveals dynamic transcription of over 4000 genes during human spermatogenesis...
October 15, 2017: Development
Anna-Lena Hempfling, Shu Ly Lim, David Adelson, Jemma Evans, Anne E O'Connor, Zhipeng Qu, Sabine Kliesch, Wolfgang Weidner, M K O'Bryan, Martin Bergmann
This study aimed to define the expression patterns of HENMT1 and PIWI proteins in human testis and investigate their association with transposon expression, infertility sub-type or development of testicular germ cell tumours (TGCT). Testis biopsies showing normal spermatogenesis were used to identify normal localization patterns of HENMT1 and PIWIL1 by immunolocalisation and RT-PCR after laser microdissection. 222 testis biopsies representing normal spermatogenesis, hypospermatogenesis, spermatogenic arrests, Sertoli cell-only (SCO) and testicular germ cell tumours (TGCT) were analysed by RT-qPCR for expression of HENMT1/PIWIL1/PIWIL2/PIWIL3/PIWIL4 and LINE-1...
July 4, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
Meade Haller, Qianxing Mo, Akira Imamoto, Dolores J Lamb
The spectrum of congenital anomalies affecting either the upper tract (kidneys and ureters) or lower tract (reproductive organs) of the genitourinary (GU) system are fundamentally linked by the developmental origin of multiple GU tissues, including the kidneys, gonads, and reproductive ductal systems: the intermediate mesoderm. Although ∼31% of DiGeorge/del22q11.2 syndrome patients exhibit GU defects, little focus has been placed on the molecular etiology of GU defects in this syndrome. Among del22q11.2 patients exhibiting GU anomalies, we have mapped the smallest relevant region to only five genes, including CRKL CRKL encodes a src-homology adaptor protein implicated in mediating tyrosine kinase signaling, and is expressed in the developing GU-tract in mice and humans...
May 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Grete Lottrup, Kirstine Belling, Henrik Leffers, John E Nielsen, Marlene D Dalgaard, Anders Juul, Niels E Skakkebæk, Søren Brunak, Ewa Rajpert-De Meyts
STUDY QUESTION: Do human adult Leydig cells (ALCs) within hyperplastic micronodules display characteristics of foetal LCs (FLCs)? SUMMARY ANSWER: The gene expression profiles of FLCs and all ALC subgroups were clearly different, but there were no significant differences in expressed genes between the normally clustered and hyperplastic ALCs. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: LCs are the primary androgen producing cells in males throughout development and appear in chronologically distinct populations; FLCs, neonatal LCs and ALCs...
May 1, 2017: Molecular Human Reproduction
Xia Zou, Maki Yoshida, Chiaki Nagai-Okatani, Jun Iwaki, Atsushi Matsuda, Binbin Tan, Kozue Hagiwara, Takashi Sato, Yoko Itakura, Erika Noro, Hiroyuki Kaji, Masashi Toyoda, Yan Zhang, Hisashi Narimatsu, Atsushi Kuno
The significance of glycomic profiling has been highlighted by recent findings that structural changes of glycans are observed in many diseases, including cancer. Therefore, glycomic profiling of the whole body (glycome mapping) under different physiopathological states may contribute to the discovery of reliable biomarkers with disease-specific alterations. To achieve this, standardization of high-throughput and in-depth analysis of tissue glycome mapping is needed. However, this is a great challenge due to the lack of analytical methodology for glycans on small amounts of endogenous glycoproteins...
March 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
M C Lardone, F Argandoña, M Flórez, A Parada-Bustamante, M Ebensperger, C Palma, A Piottante, A Castro
Several observational studies have showed a combination of lower testosterone (T) to LH ratio and higher estradiol (E2 ) to T ratio in secretory infertile men compared to men with normal spermatogenesis, suggesting a steroidogenic dysfunction of Leydig cells (Lc) that may involve increased aromatase activity. Low T/LH ratio is associated with Lc hyperplasia, which together with LH hyperstimulation may represent compensation for impaired T production. Aromatase expression and oestrogen production are mainly detected in Lc of the testis, although Sertoli and germ cells also contribute to testicular aromatase activity...
January 2017: Andrology
Britta Klein, Thomas Haggeney, Daniela Fietz, Sivanjah Indumathy, Kate L Loveland, Mark Hedger, Sabine Kliesch, Wolfgang Weidner, Martin Bergmann, Hans-Christian Schuppe
STUDY QUESTION: Which immune cells and cytokine profiles are characteristic for testicular germ cell neoplasia and what consequences does this have for the understanding of the related testicular immunopathology? SUMMARY ANSWER: The unique immune environment of testicular germ cell neoplasia comprises B cells and dendritic cells as well as high transcript levels of IL-6 and other B cell supporting or T helper cell type 1 (Th1)-driven cytokines and thus differs profoundly from normal testis or inflammatory lesions associated with hypospermatogenesis...
October 2016: Human Reproduction
Qiong Yu, Xiuli Gu, Xuejun Shang, Honggang Li, Chengliang Xiong
Cell-free seminal mRNA (cfs-mRNA) contains testis-specific transcripts from bilateral testes. This study determined the presence of DEAD box polypeptide 4 (DDX4) in cfs-mRNA to identify and characterize the incidence of Sertoli cell-only (SCO) syndrome in men with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA). DDX4 cfs-mRNA was determined in 315 men with NOA, and compared with testicular samples obtained by microdissection from 19 NOA patients. Karyotype and azoospermia factor microdeletion analysis were performed, and clinical features were evaluated...
August 2016: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
Craig Niederberger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Journal of Urology
Aaron M Bernie, Ranjith Ramasamy, Peter N Schlegel
Azoospermia in men requires microsurgical reconstruction or a procedure for sperm retrieval with assisted reproduction to allow fertility. While the chance of successful retrieval of sperm in men with obstructive azoospermia approaches >90%, the chances of sperm retrieval in men with non-obstructive azoospermia (NOA) are not as high. Conventional procedures such as fine needle aspiration of the testis, testicular biopsy and testicular sperm extraction are successful in 20-45% of men with NOA. With microdissection testicular sperm extraction (micro-TESE), the chance of successful retrieval can be up to 60%...
2013: Basic and Clinical Andrology
Yasuharu Nishimura, Yusuke Tomita, Akira Yuno, Yoshihiro Yoshitake, Masanori Shinohara
Recent genome-wide cDNA microarray analysis of gene expression profiles in comprehensive tumor types coupled with isolation of cancer tissues by laser-microbeam microdissection have revealed ideal tumor-associated antigens (TAAs) that are frequently overexpressed in various cancers including head and neck squamous cell cancer (HNSCC) and lung cancer, but not in most normal tissues except for testis, placenta, and fetal organs. Preclinical studies using HLA-transgenic mice and human T cells in vitro showed that TAA-derived CTL-epitope short peptides (SPs) are highly immunogenic and induce HLA-A2 or -A24-restricted CTLs...
May 2015: Cancer Science
Joanna Noelke, Joachim Wistuba, Oliver S Damm, Daniela Fietz, Jonathan Gerber, Marion Gaehle, Ralph Brehm
The Sertoli cell (SC)-specific knockout (KO) of connexin43 (Cx43) results in spermatogenic arrest at the level of spermatogonia and/or SC-only syndrome. Histology of the interstitial compartment suggests Leydig cell (LC) hyperplasia. Our aim has been to investigate possible effects of the SC-specific KO of Cx43 (SCCx43KO) on interstitial LC. We therefore counted LC via the optical dissector method (per microliter of testicular tissue and per testis) and found LC to be significantly increased in SCCx43KO(-/-) compared with wild-type mice...
August 2015: Cell and Tissue Research
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