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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475030/characterizing-the-spatio-temporal-role-of-sorting-nexin-17-in-human-papillomavirus-trafficking
#1
Martina Bergant, Špela Peternel, David Pim, Justyna Broniarczyk, Lawrence Banks
The human papillomavirus (HPV) L2 capsid protein plays an essential role during the early stages of viral infection. Previous studies have shown that the interaction between HPV L2 and endosomal sorting nexin 17 (SNX17) is conserved across multiple PV types where it plays an essential role in infectious entry, suggesting an evolutionarily conserved pathway of PV trafficking. Here we show that the peak time of interaction between HPV-16 L2 and SNX17 is rather early, at 2 h post-infection. Interestingly, the L2-SNX17 interaction appears to be important for facilitating capsid disassembly and L1 dissociation, suggesting that L2 recruitment of SNX17 occurs prior to capsid disassembly...
April 2017: Journal of General Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27193597/mapping-adipose-and-muscle-tissue-expression-quantitative-trait-loci-in-african-americans-to-identify-genes-for-type-2-diabetes-and-obesity
#2
Satria P Sajuthi, Neeraj K Sharma, Jeff W Chou, Nicholette D Palmer, David R McWilliams, John Beal, Mary E Comeau, Lijun Ma, Jorge Calles-Escandon, Jamehl Demons, Samantha Rogers, Kristina Cherry, Lata Menon, Ethel Kouba, Donna Davis, Marcie Burris, Sara J Byerly, Maggie C Y Ng, Nisa M Maruthur, Sanjay R Patel, Lawrence F Bielak, Leslie A Lange, Xiuqing Guo, Michèle M Sale, Kei Hang K Chan, Keri L Monda, Gary K Chen, Kira Taylor, Cameron Palmer, Todd L Edwards, Kari E North, Christopher A Haiman, Donald W Bowden, Barry I Freedman, Carl D Langefeld, Swapan K Das
Relative to European Americans, type 2 diabetes (T2D) is more prevalent in African Americans (AAs). Genetic variation may modulate transcript abundance in insulin-responsive tissues and contribute to risk; yet, published studies identifying expression quantitative trait loci (eQTLs) in African ancestry populations are restricted to blood cells. This study aims to develop a map of genetically regulated transcripts expressed in tissues important for glucose homeostasis in AAs, critical for identifying the genetic etiology of T2D and related traits...
August 2016: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935970/regulation-of-cell-migration-and-%C3%AE-1-integrin-trafficking-by-the-endosomal-adaptor-gga3
#3
Colin D H Ratcliffe, Pranshu Sahgal, Christine A Parachoniak, Johanna Ivaska, Morag Park
The integrin family of cell adhesion receptors link extracellular matrices to intracellular signaling pathways and the actin cytoskeleton; and regulate cell migration, proliferation and survival in normal and diseased tissues. The subcellular location of integrin receptors is critical for their function and deregulated trafficking is implicated in various human diseases. Here we identify a role for Golgi-localized gamma-ear containing Arf-binding protein 3 (GGA3), in regulating trafficking of β1 integrin. GGA3 knockdown reduces cell surface and total levels of α2, α5 and β1 integrin subunits, inhibits cell spreading, reduces focal adhesion number, as well as cell migration...
June 2016: Traffic
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