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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901867/using-the-indicator-amino-acid-oxidation-technique-to-study-threonine-requirements-in-horses-receiving-a-predominantly-forage-diet
#1
Chan Hee Mok, Crystal L Levesque, Kristine L Urschel
Threonine has been reported to be the second limiting amino acid in typical equine diets, but its actual requirement has not been determined in horses. To evaluate amino acid metabolism and requirements, the indicator amino acid oxidation (IAAO) method has been successfully used in other species. The objective of this research was to estimate threonine requirements in mature horses fed timothy hay and concentrate in 4:1 ratio using the IAAO method. Six Thoroughbred mares (579.9 ± 46.7 kg) received each of 6 levels of threonine intake, 41, 51, 61, 70, 80 and 89 mg/kg BW/day, in a randomly determined order...
June 14, 2018: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846616/dietary-phenylalanine-requirements-are-similar-in-small-medium-and-large-breed-adult-dogs-using-the-indicator-amino-acid-oxidation-technique
#2
W D Mansilla, A Gorman, L Fortener, A K Shoveller
We have previously determined Phenylalanine (Phe) requirements in mature dogs; however, little information is available on differences of Phe minimum requirements (MR) on different breed sizes. The objective of this study was to determine Phe requirements in adult dogs of 3 different breed sizes using the direct amino acid oxidation (DAAO) technique. In total, 12 adult dogs were used, 4 Miniature Dachshunds (5.3 ± 0.6 Kg BW; 1.8 ± 0.1 years old; mean ± SD), 4 Beagles (8.3 ± 0.7 Kg BW; 6.7 ± 0.2 years old; mean ± SD), and 4 Labrador Retrievers (34...
May 26, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29807660/supraglottoplasty-in-children-with-laryngomalacia-a-review-and-parents-appraisal
#3
Joana Ribeiro, Sara Júlio, Cláudia Dias, Margarida Santos, Jorge Spratley
PURPOSE: To assess the parents' perspective concerning the children's clinical picture before and after supraglottoplasty for the treatment of laryngomalacia (LM). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study in 110 children diagnosed with LM followed at the Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology outpatient clinics of S. João Hospital Center, between 2008 and 2016. Children who underwent supraglottoplasty were reviewed in terms of demographics, symptoms, comorbidities, treatment and follow-up...
May 17, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29798180/-clinical-observation-of-coblation-assisted-transoral-microsurgery-for-the-treatment-of-oral-and-oropharygneal-malignancy
#4
S F Xiao, X Zhao, J B Zhang, H Shen, E M Zhao
Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and effectiveness of coblation assisted transoral surgery for the treatment of oral and oropharyngeal malignancy. Method: 19 patients who suffered from oral or oropharyngeal malignant tumors underwent coblation assisted transoral surgery from August 2008 to August 2017 were studied. According to the tumor sites and pathological results, there were four oral squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) (two tongue carcinoma and two mouth floor carcinoma), eleven oropharygneal SCC (five tonsillar carcinoma, four soft palate carcinoma, one tongue base cartinama and one multiple carcinoma invading both soft palatine and hypopharynx), and four lymphatic and hematopoietic malignancies (three tonsillar tumors and one tumor invading both tonsil and tongue base)...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728164/impact-of-supraglottoplasty-on-parental-preception-of-swallowing-using-a-10-question-swallowing-index
#5
Sohit Paul Kanotra, Vil Vaitaitis, Hunter Hopkins, Meghan Fletcher, Courtney K Gonsoulin, Brent Keith
INTRODUCTION: Laryngomalacia can have a significant impact on swallowing function. Most of the studies in literature have focused on evaluating swallowing dysfunction in children with Laryngomalacia using clinical assessment and swallowing studies i.e. functional endoscopic evaluation of swallowing or videofluroscopic evaluation of swallowing. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the current study was to evaluate the parental perception of swallowing using a newly devised 10-point swallowing index before and after supraglottoplasty...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665338/parental-experience-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-infants-with-cleft-palate-comparing-parental-and-clinical-priorities
#6
Karen Davies, Yin-Ling Lin, Anne-Marie Glenny, Peter Callery, Iain A Bruce
OBJECTIVE: To identify outcomes relating to sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) that are relevant to parents, during the early weeks of caring for infants with cleft palate (CP), and compare these with clinical outcomes identified in a systematic search of research literature. DESIGN: A qualitative study using telephone/face-to-face interviews with parents explored their understanding of breathing and respiratory effort in infants with CP. SETTING: Care provided by 3 specialist cleft centers in the United Kingdom, with study conducted in parents' homes...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652876/rehabilitation-of-sucking-and-swallowing-alterations-in-premature-newborn-at-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#7
Edda Aguilar-Vázquez, M Lucía Pérez-Padilla, M de Lourdes Martín-López, Adriana Abigail Romero-Hernández
Over the last 20 years, 640 premature newborns with alterations in suction-deglution have been taken care of in the neonatal intensive care unit at the Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, using techniques for patients with immaturity, and neurological, gastrointestinal, cardiologic and respiratory pathologies. This descriptive study includes the treatment employed mainly in premature newborns during this period. Suction, swallowing and breathing coordination are some of the most complex abilities that premature newborns face, due to their anatomofunctional immaturity and improper sensoriomotor integration for the high energy requirements they must meet...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628967/augmentation-of-respiratory-muscle-activities-in-preterm-infants-with-feeding-desaturation
#8
Dong Rak Kwon, Gi Young Park, Ji Eun Jeong, Woo Taek Kim, Eun Joo Lee
Purpose: Frequent desaturation due to immature incoordination of suck-swallow-breathing in preterm infants can influence multiple organs such as the heart, lungs, and brain, which can then affect growth and development. Most notably in preterm infants, feeding desaturation may even affect pulmonary function during gavage feeding. Because respiratory muscle activities may reflect the work required during respiration, we evaluated the differences in these activities between full-term and preterm infants with feeding desaturation, and investigated the correlations with clinical variables...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605340/endoscopic-percutaneous-suture-lateralization-for-neonatal-bilateral-vocal-fold-immobility
#9
Glenda Lois Montague, Randall A Bly, Garani S Nadaraja, David E Conrad, Sanjay R Parikh, Dylan K Chan
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral vocal-fold immobility (BFVI) is a rare but significant cause of severe respiratory distress in neonates. The primary aim of treatment is to provide an adequate airway while minimizing adverse effects such as aspiration and dysphonia. Our objective here is to describe the outcomes of a series of neonates undergoing percutaneous endoscopic suture lateralization for BVFI using a novel technique. METHODS: In this retrospective case series, we present 6 neonates (mean age: 18 days) with BVFI from three tertiary academic medical centers...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593130/nonhuman-primate-breath-volatile-organic-compounds-associate-with-developmental-programming-and-cardio-metabolic-status
#10
Andrew C Bishop, Mark Libardoni, Ahsan Choudary, Biswapriya Misra, Kenneth Lange, John Bernal, Mark Nijland, Cun Li, Michael Olivier, Peter W Nathanielsz, Laura A Cox
Rodent and nonhuman primate studies indicate that developmental programming by reduced perinatal nutrition negatively impacts life course cardio-metabolic health. We have developed a baboon model in which we feed control mothers (CON) ad libitum while nutrient restricted mothers are fed 70% of ad libitum global feed in pregnancy and lactation. Offspring of nutrient restricted mothers are intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) at term. By 3.5 years IUGR baboons showed signs of insulin resistance, indicating a pre-diabetic phenotype, in contrast to healthy CON offspring...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588948/adverse-perinatal-events-treatment-gap-and-positive-family-history-linked-to-the-high-burden-of-active-convulsive-epilepsy-in-uganda-a-population-based-study
#11
Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Donald Ndyomugyenyi, George Pariyo, Stefan Swartling Peterson, Paul Michael Waiswa, Edward Galiwango, Eddie Chengo, Rachael Odhiambo, Derrick Ssewanyana, Christian Bottomley, Anthony K Ngugi, Charles R J C Newton
Objective: To determine the prevalence of active convulsive epilepsy (ACE) and describe the clinical characteristics and associated factors among a rural Ugandan population. Methods: The entire population in Iganga/Mayuge Health Demographic Surveillance Site (IM-HDSS) was screened using two questions about seizures during a door-to-door census exercise. Those who screened positive were assessed by a clinician to confirm diagnosis of epilepsy. A case control study with the patients diagnosed with ACE as the cases and age/sex-matched controls in a ratio of 1:1 was conducted...
June 2017: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574939/reconstruction-of-undersampled-radial-free-breathing-3d-abdominal-mri-using-stacked-convolutional-auto-encoders
#12
Jun Lv, Kun Chen, Ming Yang, Jue Zhang, Xiaoying Wang
PURPOSE: Free-breathing three-dimensional (3D) abdominal imaging is a challenging task for MRI, as respiratory motion severely degrades image quality. One of the most promising self-navigation techniques is the 3D golden-angle radial stack-of-stars (SOS) sequence, which has advantages in terms of speed, resolution, and allowing free breathing. However, streaking artifacts are still clearly observed in reconstructed images when undersampling is applied. This work presents a novel reconstruction approach based on a stacked convolutional auto-encoder (SCAE) network to solve this problem...
May 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501342/cooling-cows-with-sprinklers-spray-duration-affects-physiological-responses-to-heat-load
#13
Grazyne Tresoldi, Karin E Schütz, Cassandra B Tucker
Sprayed water reduces heat load in cattle. Determining appropriate spraying strategies (i.e., time on and off) may improve cooling efficiency and reduce water use. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of a single spray on the surrounding air temperature (AT), time it takes the coat to dry, and physiological responses to heat load in dairy cows. In a crossover design, spray duration (0, 0.5, 1.5, 3, and 13 min; flow rate: 4.9 L/min) was tested in 15 Holstein cows (milk yield: 37.7 ± 2.6 kg/d) restrained in shaded head gates at the feed bunk for up to 1...
May 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479162/observations-on-biotic-parameters-of-angora-rabbit-breed-under-controlled-conditions-in-different-housing-systems
#14
Sajid Ur Rahman, Xichun Wang, Li Yu
Aim: The aim of the present study was to compare the body weight (BW) gain and physiological parameters such as temperature, respiratory rate (RR), and heart rate (HR) of Angora rabbit reared in different housing systems. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 angora rabbits (age 4-6 months), weight 1.5 kg in average were divided into three groups, i.e., (outdoor control [OC], indoor in cages [IC], and indoor open [IO]). All rabbits were reared for 10 weeks. Feed and water were given ad libitum...
January 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458337/hiv-1-transmission-and-survival-according-to-feeding-options-in-infants-born-to-hiv-infected-women-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#15
Anne Esther Njom Nlend, Annie Carole Nga Motaze, Arsene Sandie, Joseph Fokam
BACKGROUND: Evidence of 24-months survival in the frame of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) cascade-care is scare from routine programs in sub-Saharan African (SSA) settings. Specifically, data on infant outcomes according to feeding options remain largely unknown by month-24, thus limiting its breath for public-health recommendations toward eliminating new pediatric HIV-1 infections and improving care. We sought to evaluate HIV-1 vertical transmission and infant survival rates according to feeding options...
February 19, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443747/supraglottoplasty-in-neonates-and-infants-a-radiofrequency-ablation-approach
#16
Shilei Pu, Hongming Xu, Xiaoyan Li
BACKGROUND: Supraglottoplasty is the mainstay of surgical treatment for laryngomalacia. A novel supraglottoplasty surgical technique is needed to achieve better efficacy. The purpose of this study was to introduce modified microscopic radiofrequency ablation supraglottoplasty (MMRAS) for the treatment of congenital laryngomalacia and to evaluate the outcome and effectiveness of this novel approach. METHODS: Seventeen children with severe laryngomalacia who underwent MMRAS were studied retrospectively...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437862/structure-and-functions-of-pediatric-aerodigestive-programs-a-consensus-statement
#17
R Paul Boesch, Karthik Balakrishnan, Sari Acra, Dan T Benscoter, Shelagh A Cofer, Joseph M Collaco, John P Dahl, Cori L Daines, Alessandro DeAlarcon, Emily M DeBoer, Robin R Deterding, Joel A Friedlander, Benjamin D Gold, Rayna M Grothe, Catherine K Hart, Mikhail Kazachkov, Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Claire Kane Miller, Paul E Moore, Scott Pentiuk, Stacey Peterson-Carmichael, Joseph Piccione, Jeremy D Prager, Philip E Putnam, Rachel Rosen, Michael J Rutter, Matthew J Ryan, Margaret L Skinner, Cherie Torres-Silva, Christopher T Wootten, Karen B Zur, Robin T Cotton, Robert E Wood
Aerodigestive programs provide coordinated interdisciplinary care to pediatric patients with complex congenital or acquired conditions affecting breathing, swallowing, and growth. Although there has been a proliferation of programs, as well as national meetings, interest groups and early research activity, there is, as of yet, no consensus definition of an aerodigestive patient, standardized structure, and functions of an aerodigestive program or a blueprint for research prioritization. The Delphi method was used by a multidisciplinary and multi-institutional panel of aerodigestive providers to obtain consensus on 4 broad content areas related to aerodigestive care: (1) definition of an aerodigestive patient, (2) essential construct and functions of an aerodigestive program, (3) identification of aerodigestive research priorities, and (4) evaluation and recognition of aerodigestive programs and future directions...
February 7, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423367/management-of-severe-childhood-pneumonia-by-day-care-approach-in-developing-countries
#18
Yasmin Jahan, Sm Atiqur Rahman, Abu Sayeed Chowdhury, Md Moshiur Rahman
Background: Pneumonia is a major cause of child mortality among children under 5 years, worldwide. Pneumonia infection may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi in single or in both lungs. According to recent criteria developed by the World Health Organization(WHO) in September (2013), pneumonia can be classified into severe pneumonia, pneumonia and no pneumonia. Most of the deaths occur from severe pneumonia. Methods: Disease management of severe childhood pneumonia requires early identification,prompt referral and the availability of intensive quality care...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409542/to-eat-or-to-breathe-the-answer-is-both-nutritional-management-during-noninvasive-ventilation
#19
EDITORIAL
Pierre Singer, Sornwichate Rattanachaiwong
Treating respiratory distress is a priority when managing critically ill patients. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly used as a tool to prevent endotracheal intubation. Providing oral or enteral nutritional support during NIV may be perceived as unsafe because of the possible risk of aspiration so that these patients are frequently denied adequate caloric and protein intake. Newly available therapies, such as high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) may allow for more appropriate oral feeding.
February 6, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406309/addition-of-internal-electrodes-is-beneficial-for-focused-bioimpedance-measurements-in-the-lung
#20
Jakob Orschulik, Nadine Hochhausen, Michael Czaplik, Daniel Teichmann, Steffen Leonhardt, Marian Walter
OBJECTIVE: Bioimpedance measurements such as bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) or electrical impedance tomography (EIT) are used in many biomedical applications. While BIS measures and analyzes the impedance in a frequency range at constant electrode positions, EIT aims to reconstruct images of the conductivity distribution from multiple measurements at different electrode positions. Our aim is to add spatial information to tetrapolar BIS measurements by using electrode positions that focus measurements on desired regions of interest...
March 29, 2018: Physiological Measurement
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