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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665338/parental-experience-of-sleep-disordered-breathing-in-infants-with-cleft-palate-comparing-parental-and-clinical-priorities
#1
Karen Davies, Yin-Ling Lin, Anne-Marie Glenny, Peter Callery, Iain A Bruce
OBJECTIVE: To identify outcomes relating to sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) that are relevant to parents, during the early weeks of caring for infants with cleft palate (CP), and compare these with clinical outcomes identified in a systematic search of research literature. DESIGN: A qualitative study using telephone/face-to-face interviews with parents explored their understanding of breathing and respiratory effort in infants with CP. SETTING: Care provided by 3 specialist cleft centers in the United Kingdom, with study conducted in parents' homes...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652876/rehabilitation-of-sucking-and-swallowing-alterations-in-premature-newborn-at-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#2
Edda Aguilar-Vázquez, M Lucía Pérez-Padilla, M de Lourdes Martín-López, Adriana Abigail Romero-Hernández
Over the last 20 years, 640 premature newborns with alterations in suction-deglution have been taken care of in the neonatal intensive care unit at the Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez, using techniques for patients with immaturity, and neurological, gastrointestinal, cardiologic and respiratory pathologies. This descriptive study includes the treatment employed mainly in premature newborns during this period. Suction, swallowing and breathing coordination are some of the most complex abilities that premature newborns face, due to their anatomofunctional immaturity and improper sensoriomotor integration for the high energy requirements they must meet...
2018: Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628967/augmentation-of-respiratory-muscle-activities-in-preterm-infants-with-feeding-desaturation
#3
Dong Rak Kwon, Gi Young Park, Ji Eun Jeong, Woo Taek Kim, Eun Joo Lee
Purpose: Frequent desaturation due to immature incoordination of suck-swallow-breathing in preterm infants can influence multiple organs such as the heart, lungs, and brain, which can then affect growth and development. Most notably in preterm infants, feeding desaturation may even affect pulmonary function during gavage feeding. Because respiratory muscle activities may reflect the work required during respiration, we evaluated the differences in these activities between full-term and preterm infants with feeding desaturation, and investigated the correlations with clinical variables...
March 2018: Korean Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605340/endoscopic-percutaneous-suture-lateralization-for-neonatal-bilateral-vocal-fold-immobility
#4
Glenda Lois Montague, Randall A Bly, Garani S Nadaraja, David E Conrad, Sanjay R Parikh, Dylan K Chan
OBJECTIVE: Bilateral vocal-fold immobility (BFVI) is a rare but significant cause of severe respiratory distress in neonates. The primary aim of treatment is to provide an adequate airway while minimizing adverse effects such as aspiration and dysphonia. Our objective here is to describe the outcomes of a series of neonates undergoing percutaneous endoscopic suture lateralization for BVFI using a novel technique. METHODS: In this retrospective case series, we present 6 neonates (mean age: 18 days) with BVFI from three tertiary academic medical centers...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593130/nonhuman-primate-breath-volatile-organic-compounds-associate-with-developmental-programming-and-cardio-metabolic-status
#5
Andrew C Bishop, Mark Libardoni, Ahsan Choudary, Biswapriya Biswavas Misra, Kenneth Lange, John Bernal, Mark Nijland, Cun Li, Michael Olivier, Peter W Nathanielsz, Laura A Cox
Rodent and nonhuman primate (NHP) studies indicate that developmental programming by reduced perinatal nutrition negatively impacts life course cardio-metabolic health. We have developed a baboon model in which we feed control mothers (CON) ad libitum while nutrient restricted mothers are fed 70% of ad libitum global feed in pregnancy and lactation. Offspring of nutrient restricted mothers are intrauterine growth restricted (IUGR) at term. By 3.5 years IUGR baboons showed signs of insulin resistance, indicating a pre-diabetic phenotype, in contrast to healthy CON offspring...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Breath Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29588948/adverse-perinatal-events-treatment-gap-and-positive-family-history-linked-to-the-high-burden-of-active-convulsive-epilepsy-in-uganda-a-population-based-study
#6
Angelina Kakooza-Mwesige, Donald Ndyomugyenyi, George Pariyo, Stefan Swartling Peterson, Paul Michael Waiswa, Edward Galiwango, Eddie Chengo, Rachael Odhiambo, Derrick Ssewanyana, Christian Bottomley, Anthony K Ngugi, Charles R J C Newton
Objective: To determine the prevalence of active convulsive epilepsy (ACE) and describe the clinical characteristics and associated factors among a rural Ugandan population. Methods: The entire population in Iganga/Mayuge Health Demographic Surveillance Site (IM-HDSS) was screened using two questions about seizures during a door-to-door census exercise. Those who screened positive were assessed by a clinician to confirm diagnosis of epilepsy. A case control study with the patients diagnosed with ACE as the cases and age/sex-matched controls in a ratio of 1:1 was conducted...
June 2017: Epilepsia Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29574939/reconstruction-of-undersampled-radial-free-breathing-3d-abdominal-mri-using-stacked-convolutional-auto-encoders
#7
Jun Lv, Kun Chen, Ming Yang, Jue Zhang, Xiaoying Wang
PURPOSE: Free-breathing 3D abdominal imaging is a challenging task for MRI, as respiratory motion severely degrades image quality. One of the most promising self-navigation techniques is the 3D golden-angle radial stack-of-stars (SOS) sequence, which has advantages in terms of speed, resolution and allowing free breathing. However, streaking artifacts are still clearly observed in reconstructed images when undersampling is applied. This work presents a novel reconstruction approach based on a stacked convolutional auto-encoder (SCAE) network to solve this problem...
March 24, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501342/cooling-cows-with-sprinklers-spray-duration-affects-physiological-responses-to-heat-load
#8
Grazyne Tresoldi, Karin E Schütz, Cassandra B Tucker
Sprayed water reduces heat load in cattle. Determining appropriate spraying strategies (i.e., time on and off) may improve cooling efficiency and reduce water use. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of a single spray on the surrounding air temperature (AT), time it takes the coat to dry, and physiological responses to heat load in dairy cows. In a crossover design, spray duration (0, 0.5, 1.5, 3, and 13 min; flow rate: 4.9 L/min) was tested in 15 Holstein cows (milk yield: 37.7 ± 2.6 kg/d) restrained in shaded head gates at the feed bunk for up to 1...
February 28, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29479162/observations-on-biotic-parameters-of-angora-rabbit-breed-under-controlled-conditions-in-different-housing-systems
#9
Sajid Ur Rahman, Xichun Wang, Li Yu
Aim: The aim of the present study was to compare the body weight (BW) gain and physiological parameters such as temperature, respiratory rate (RR), and heart rate (HR) of Angora rabbit reared in different housing systems. Materials and Methods: A total of 30 angora rabbits (age 4-6 months), weight 1.5 kg in average were divided into three groups, i.e., (outdoor control [OC], indoor in cages [IC], and indoor open [IO]). All rabbits were reared for 10 weeks. Feed and water were given ad libitum...
January 2018: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458337/hiv-1-transmission-and-survival-according-to-feeding-options-in-infants-born-to-hiv-infected-women-in-yaound%C3%A3-cameroon
#10
Anne Esther Njom Nlend, Annie Carole Nga Motaze, Arsene Sandie, Joseph Fokam
BACKGROUND: Evidence of 24-months survival in the frame of prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) cascade-care is scare from routine programs in sub-Saharan African (SSA) settings. Specifically, data on infant outcomes according to feeding options remain largely unknown by month-24, thus limiting its breath for public-health recommendations toward eliminating new pediatric HIV-1 infections and improving care. We sought to evaluate HIV-1 vertical transmission and infant survival rates according to feeding options...
February 19, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443747/supraglottoplasty-in-neonates-and-infants-a-radiofrequency-ablation-approach
#11
Shilei Pu, Hongming Xu, Xiaoyan Li
BACKGROUND: Supraglottoplasty is the mainstay of surgical treatment for laryngomalacia. A novel supraglottoplasty surgical technique is needed to achieve better efficacy. The purpose of this study was to introduce modified microscopic radiofrequency ablation supraglottoplasty (MMRAS) for the treatment of congenital laryngomalacia and to evaluate the outcome and effectiveness of this novel approach. METHODS: Seventeen children with severe laryngomalacia who underwent MMRAS were studied retrospectively...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437862/structure-and-functions-of-pediatric-aerodigestive-programs-a-consensus-statement
#12
R Paul Boesch, Karthik Balakrishnan, Sari Acra, Dan T Benscoter, Shelagh A Cofer, Joseph M Collaco, John P Dahl, Cori L Daines, Alessandro DeAlarcon, Emily M DeBoer, Robin R Deterding, Joel A Friedlander, Benjamin D Gold, Rayna M Grothe, Catherine K Hart, Mikhail Kazachkov, Maureen A Lefton-Greif, Claire Kane Miller, Paul E Moore, Scott Pentiuk, Stacey Peterson-Carmichael, Joseph Piccione, Jeremy D Prager, Philip E Putnam, Rachel Rosen, Michael J Rutter, Matthew J Ryan, Margaret L Skinner, Cherie Torres-Silva, Christopher T Wootten, Karen B Zur, Robin T Cotton, Robert E Wood
Aerodigestive programs provide coordinated interdisciplinary care to pediatric patients with complex congenital or acquired conditions affecting breathing, swallowing, and growth. Although there has been a proliferation of programs, as well as national meetings, interest groups and early research activity, there is, as of yet, no consensus definition of an aerodigestive patient, standardized structure, and functions of an aerodigestive program or a blueprint for research prioritization. The Delphi method was used by a multidisciplinary and multi-institutional panel of aerodigestive providers to obtain consensus on 4 broad content areas related to aerodigestive care: (1) definition of an aerodigestive patient, (2) essential construct and functions of an aerodigestive program, (3) identification of aerodigestive research priorities, and (4) evaluation and recognition of aerodigestive programs and future directions...
February 7, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423367/management-of-severe-childhood-pneumonia-by-day-care-approach-in-developing-countries
#13
Yasmin Jahan, Sm Atiqur Rahman, Abu Sayeed Chowdhury, Md Moshiur Rahman
Background: Pneumonia is a major cause of child mortality among children under 5 years, worldwide. Pneumonia infection may be caused by bacteria, viruses, or fungi in single or in both lungs. According to recent criteria developed by the World Health Organization(WHO) in September (2013), pneumonia can be classified into severe pneumonia, pneumonia and no pneumonia. Most of the deaths occur from severe pneumonia. Methods: Disease management of severe childhood pneumonia requires early identification,prompt referral and the availability of intensive quality care...
2018: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409542/to-eat-or-to-breathe-the-answer-is-both-nutritional-management-during-noninvasive-ventilation
#14
EDITORIAL
Pierre Singer, Sornwichate Rattanachaiwong
Treating respiratory distress is a priority when managing critically ill patients. Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly used as a tool to prevent endotracheal intubation. Providing oral or enteral nutritional support during NIV may be perceived as unsafe because of the possible risk of aspiration so that these patients are frequently denied adequate caloric and protein intake. Newly available therapies, such as high-flow nasal oxygen (HFNO) may allow for more appropriate oral feeding.
February 6, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406309/addition-of-internal-electrodes-is-beneficial-for-focused-bioimpedance-measurements-in-the-lung
#15
Jakob Orschulik, Nadine Hochhausen, Michael Czaplik, Daniel Teichmann, Steffen Leonhardt, Marian Walter
OBJECTIVE: Bioimpedance measurements such as bioimpedance spectroscopy (BIS) or electrical impedance tomography (EIT) are used in many biomedical applications. While BIS measures and analyzes the impedance in a frequency range at constant electrode positions, EIT aims to reconstruct images of the conductivity distribution from multiple measurements at different electrode positions. Our aim is to add spatial information to tetrapolar BIS measurements by using electrode positions that focus measurements on desired regions of interest...
March 29, 2018: Physiological Measurement
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391680/effect-of-feed-supplement-and-additives-on-stress-mitigation-in-karan-fries-heifers
#16
Vaibhav Purwar, P S Oberoi, A K Dang
Aim: The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of protected fat plus yeast, niacin, zinc, and chromium dietary supplementation on the reduction of heat stress in Karan Fries (KF) heifers during hot humid months. Materials and Methods: The basal ration for both the control and treatment groups was the same, containing maize as green fodder and concentrate mixture. However, the treatment group was supplemented with protected fat (2.5% of dry matter intake [DMI]), yeast (10 g/animal/day), niacin (6 g/animal/day), zinc (40 mg/kg DMI), and chromium (1...
December 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391164/molecular-specification-of-facial-branchial-motor-neurons-in-vertebrates
#17
REVIEW
Albert Y Han, Sandeep Gupta, Bennett G Novitch
Orofacial muscles are critical for life-sustaining behaviors, such as feeding and breathing. Centuries of work by neuroanatomists and surgeons resulted in the mapping of bulbar motor neurons in the brainstem and the course of the cranial nerves that carry their axons. Despite the sophisticated understanding of the anatomy of the region, the molecular mechanisms that dictate the development and maturation of facial motor neurons remain poorly understood. This fundamental problem has been recently revisited by physiologists with novel techniques of studying the rhythmic contraction of orofacial muscles in relationship to breathing...
January 29, 2018: Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290442/effects-of-heat-stress-and-dietary-zinc-source-on-performance-and-mammary-epithelial-integrity-of-lactating-dairy-cows
#18
X Weng, A P A Monteiro, J Guo, C Li, R M Orellana, T N Marins, J K Bernard, D J Tomlinson, J M DeFrain, S E Wohlgemuth, S Tao
Dietary Zn and heat stress alter gut integrity in monogastric animals. However, effects of Zn on mammary epithelial integrity in heat-stressed lactating dairy cows have not been studied. Multiparous lactating Holstein cows (n = 72) were randomly assigned to 1 of 4 treatments with a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement to study the effects of environment and Zn source on performance and mammary epithelial integrity. Treatments included 2 environments [cooled (CL) or not cooled (NC)] and 2 Zn sources [75 mg/kg of supplemental Zn as Zn hydroxychloride (IOZ) or 35 mg/kg of Zn hydroxychloride + 40 mg/kg of Zn-Met complex (ZMC)]...
March 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29261680/determinants-of-stunting-among-children-aged-6-59-months-at-kindo-didaye-woreda-wolaita-zone-southern-ethiopia-unmatched-case-control-study
#19
Bancha Batiro, Tsegaye Demissie, Yoseph Halala, Antehun Alemayehu Anjulo
BACKGROUND: Stunting is a well-established risk marker of poor child development. Globally in 2017, 155 million children under 5 were estimated to be stunted. While different activities are being done to reduce the burden of stunted growth, the problem is overwhelming in Africa; it was increased by 24%. Therefore, identifying determinants of stunting among children aged 6-59 would help to set priorities for action and to the design of stunting reduction plan at a grassroots level. METHODS: The unmatched case-control study was conducted in randomly selected 8 rural kebeles of Kindo Didaye woreda, Ethiopia from February to April, 2016 to identify the determinants of stunting among children aged 6-59 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235555/brown-rice-compared-to-white-rice-slows-gastric-emptying-in-humans
#20
Elizabeth A Pletsch, Bruce R Hamaker
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Consumption of whole vs. refined grain foods is recommended by nutrition or dietary guideline authorities of many countries, yet specific aspects of whole grains leading to health benefits are not well understood. Gastric emptying rate is an important consideration, as it is tied to nutrient delivery rate and influences glycemic response. Our objective was to explore two aspects of cooked rice related to gastric emptying, (1) whole grain brown vs. white rice and (2) potential effect of elevated levels of slowly digestible starch (SDS) and resistant starch (RS) from high-amylose rice...
March 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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