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Lymphnode dissection

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29650929/-a-case-of-her2-positive-occult-breast-cancer-presenting-as-swollen-axillary-lymphnodes
#1
Toshiyuki Ishiba, Goshi Oda, Tsuyoshi Nakagawa, Takumi Akashi, Yamato Yamashita, Tomoki Aburatani, Taichi Ogo, Yutaka Nakashima, Hironobu Baba, Naoaki Hoshino, Yoshinobu Nishioka, Tatsuyuki Kawano
Occult breast cancer, which develops as a metastatic lesion with no primary tumor detected in the breast, is a rare breast cancer. A 68-year-old female patient particularly complained of the presence of a right axillary mass. The mass in the right axilla was palpable, but no tumor was found in both the breasts on palpation, ultrasound examination, or MRI. Partial breast resection and axillary lymph node dissection were performed following a diagnosis of invasive ductal carcinoma by core needle biopsy. There was no mammary gland tissue present around the tumor due to the pathology of the disease, and the tumor was diagnosed as occult breast cancer...
March 2018: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228760/development-and-validation-of-a-prognostic-nomogram-for-colorectal-cancer-after-radical-resection-based-on-individual-patient-data-from-three-large-scale-phase-iii-trials
#2
Michitaka Honda, Koji Oba, Takashi Akiyoshi, Hiromichi Maeda, Kosuke Kashiwabara, Mitsuro Kanda, Shuhei Mayanagi, Toru Aoyama, Chikuma Hamada, Sotaro Sadahiro, Yosuke Fukunaga, Masashi Ueno, Junichi Sakamoto, Shigetoyo Saji, Takaki Yoshikawa
Background: Few prediction models have so far been developed and assessed for the prognosis of patients who undergo curative resection for colorectal cancer (CRC). Materials and Methods: We prepared a clinical dataset including 5,530 patients who participated in three major randomized controlled trials as a training dataset and 2,263 consecutive patients who were treated at a cancer-specialized hospital as a validation dataset. All subjects underwent radical resection for CRC which was histologically diagnosed to be adenocarcinoma...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216650/-have-multimodal-and-perioperative-therapeutic-strategies-changed-the-survival-after-oncological-oesophageal-surgery-in-the-last-two-decades-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis-over-23-years
#3
Philipp Lingohr, Julia Zender, Cornelius van Beekum, Jonas Dohmen, Hanno Matthaei, Nico Schaefer, Jörg C Kalff, Tim Oliver Vilz
Background Esophageal malignoma is among the most frequent causes for cancer-related deaths. The only definite curative therapy is esophagectomy embedded in various multimodal treatment regimens. The aim of this study was to evaluate long-term development after esophageal surgery in the last two decades in order to observe possible trends and their influence on short, medium and long term survival. Patients and Methods Cases of 301 patients who underwent esophagectomy between 1989 and 2012 were analysed retrospectively...
December 7, 2017: Zentralblatt Für Chirurgie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207723/papillary-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-tubercular-paraaortic-lymphadenopathy-a-blessing-in-disguise
#4
Bhavna Sharma, Purnima Malhotra, Minakshi Bhardwaj
Incidental Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC) can be found in a tubercular kidney; however, the vice versa i.e., finding tubercular lymphadenopathy after radical nephrectomy for cancer is exceptionally rare. To the best of our knowledge, only two cases of coexistent renal cell carcinoma and tubercular paraaortic lymphadenopathy have been reported till date. Out of these, only one case was of papillary renal cell carcinoma. We hereby, report a rare case of papillary renal cell carcinoma with coexisting paraaortic tubercular lymphadenopathy, which was upstaged based on radiology findings...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069859/primary-malignant-melanoma-of-the-cervix-report-of-14-cases-and-review-of-literature
#5
Guangwen Yuan, Lingying Wu, Bin Li, Jusheng An
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary malignant melanoma of the uterine cervix. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 61.2 years (range, 42-78 years). The median overall survival of the patients at stage I, II and III were 39.2 months, 47.8 months and 9.0 months (P=0.574) and the 2-year overall survival for each stage were 80.0%, 50.0% and 0.0% respectively. Twelve (85.7%) patients developed recurrence and eleven patients (78...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805784/-short-term-outcomes-of-complete-mesocolic-excision-for-right-colon-cancer
#6
A O Rasulov, A G Malikhov, O A Rakhimov, N A Kozlov, O A Malikhova
PURPOSE: Complete mesocolic excision (CME) appears to be a relatively new concept for colon cancer. The purpose is to evaluate the results of CME with high vascular ligation (D3 lymph node dissection) for right colon cancer. The presented study identifies possible risks and advantages of the proposed method, as well as the role of the laparoscopic approach. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The article included data from 39 patients with right colon cancer, TNM stage I-III, operated on between November 2015 and December 2016 in the oncoproctology Department of the Blokhin Cancer Research Center...
2017: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752233/upper-limb-lymphedema-in-breast-cancer-patients-in-the-era-of-z0011-sentinel-lymph-node-biopsy-and-breast-conservation
#7
N R Bhatt, M R Boland, R McGovern, A Lal, S Tormey, A J Lowery, B A Merrigan
INTRODUCTION: Surgical techniques in breast cancer (BCa) have seen a dramatic change recently with breast-conserving surgery (BCS) and sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB). The ACOSOG-Z0011 trial reported equivalence in outcomes for certain patients with SLN metastases treated with axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) or SLNB alone. Our aim was to investigate changes in lymphedema referral patterns in BCa patients over the last 3 years in a specialist unit and to elucidate effects of SLNB, BCS, and Z0011 trial publication on such patterns...
May 2018: Irish Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653162/completely-intracorporeal-handsewn-laparoscopic-anastomoses-during-whipple-procedure
#8
Giovanni Dapri, Nigel Antonio Bascombe, Leonardo Gerard, Carla Samaniego Ballart, Carlos Gimenez Viñas, Sven Saussez
BACKGROUND: Whipple procedure has been described since 1935,1 using classic open surgery. With the advent of minimally invasive surgery (MIS), it has been described to be feasible using the latest technology.2 , 3 In this video the authors report a full laparoscopic Whipple procedure, realizing the three anastomoses by intracorporeal handsewn method. VIDEO: A 70-year-old man who presented with adenocarcinoma of the ampulla of Vater, infiltrating the pancreatic parenchyma underwent to a laparoscopic Whipple...
September 2017: Annals of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546709/salvage-surgery-for-cervical-cancer-recurrences
#9
P Rema, Arun Peter Mathew, S Suchetha, Iqbal Ahmed
Cervical cancer usually presents in advanced stages and is treated with chemoradiation. About 15-20 % patients present with local recurrence after chemoradiation. Radical surgical resection is the only treatment modality offering long term survival benefit in recurrent cervical cancer. The most common surgical option for these patients is pelvic exenteration. Radical hysterectomy may be done for patients with a small centrally located recurrence in the cervix with no infiltration of adjacent structures. The aim of this study was to evaluate the morbidity and survival outcome following radical hysterectomy and pelvic exenteration for recurrent cancer cervix...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498236/feasibility-of-transabdominal-cardiophrenic-lymphnode-dissection-in-advanced-ovarian-cancer-initial-experience-at-a-tertiary-center
#10
Annalisa Garbi, Vanna Zanagnolo, Nicoletta Colombo, Giovanni Aletti, Maria Teresa Achilarre, Luca Bocciolone, Fabio Landoni, Stefania Rizzo, Roberto Biffi, Angelo Maggioni
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this retrospective report is to define the safety and feasibility, based on our preliminary experience, of surgical transdiaphragmatic resection of enlarged cardiophrenic lymph nodes (CPLNs), as a part of upfront debulking surgery. Supradiaphragmatic nodes located between the diaphragm and the heart are frequently a location for lymph node metastasis in advanced ovarian cancer, and their removal is aimed to obtain no gross residual disease at the primary cytoreductive surgery often requiring aggressive surgical procedures...
July 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476043/primary-malignant-melanoma-of-the-cervix-report-of-14-cases-and-review-of-literature
#11
Guangwen Yuan, Lingying Wu, Bin Li, Jusheng An
PURPOSE: To investigate the clinical characteristics and prognosis of primary malignant melanoma of the uterine cervix. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 61.2 years (range, 42-78 years). The median overall survival of the patients at stage I, II and III were 39.2 months, 47.8 months and 9.0 months (P=0.574) and the 2-year overall survival for each stage were 80.0%, 50.0% and 0.0% respectively. Twelve (85.7%) patients developed recurrence and eleven patients (78...
April 18, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044952/diagnostic-value-of-frozen-section-in-patients-with-non-palpable-breast-lesions
#12
Hacı Hasan Abuoglu, Emre Günay, Oğuzhan Sunamak, M Rafet Yiğitbaşı
AIM: We analyzed wire-marking, frozen section (FS) and surgical approach in malignancy-suspicious non-palpable lesions detected on mammography (MG) and ultrasonography (US) as breast mass, microcalcifications and distorsions. Material and Methods: A hundred patients in whom wiremarking and frozen section analysis was performed because of non-palpable, malignancy-suspected breast lesions at General Surgery Department, Goztepe Training and Research Hospital, Istanbul were analyzed retrospectively...
November 2016: Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038476/single-site-robotic-radical-hysterectomy-and-sentinel-lymphnode-biopsy-in-cervical-cancer-a-case-report
#13
Alexandre Silva E Silva, Rodrigo Pinto Fernandes, Marcia Pereira de Araujo, João Paulo Mancusi de Carvalho, Filomena Marino Carvalho, Giovani Mastrantônio Favero, Jesus Paula Carvalho
Robotic surgeries for cervical cancer have several advantages compared with laparotomic or laparoscopic surgeries. Robotic single-site surgery has many advantages compared with the multiport approach, but its safety and feasibility are not established in radical oncologic surgeries. We report a case of a Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IB1 cervical carcinoma whose radical hysterectomy, sentinel lymph node mapping, and lymph node dissection were entirely performed by robotic single-site approach...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941745/cystic-lymph-node-caution-of-safety-in-calot-s-triangle-dissection
#14
M A Channa, M Zubair, S Haider, L Habib, M R Mirza
Different landmarks are described in laparoscopic cholecystectomy for correct identification and orientation of structures to make the procedure as safe as possible. Among these one of the important landmarks is cystic lymphnode which always lies lateral to the biliary tree and forms the medial end point of dissection. This study was done to determine frequency of identification of cystic lymph node in our population. This retrospective descriptive study was conducted on 217 patients who underwent laparoscopic cholecystectomy for cholelithiasis from January 2012 to December 2013 over a period of two years in Jamal Noor Hospital and Hamdard University Hospital Karachi...
October 2016: Mymensingh Medical Journal: MMJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879966/andrological-complications-following-retroperitoneal-lymph-node-dissection-for-testicular-cancer
#15
REVIEW
Alessandro Crestani, Francesco Esperto, Marta Rossanese, Gianluca Giannarini, Nicola Nicolai, Vincenzo Ficarra
Retroperitoneal lymph node dissection (RPLND) is a fundamental surgical step in the treatment of testicular cancer. Nowadays, primary RPLND has partially lost its role in favour of active surveillance (for low risk stage I disease) and short cycle chemotherapy in non-seminomatous germ cell tumor (NSGCT). Conversely, post-chemotherapy RPLND (PC-RPLND) remains the standard treatment for residual masses after chemotherapy. In consideration of curability rate of testicular cancer and the life expectancy of testicular cancer survivors the identification and the prevention of andrological complications became fundamental...
June 2017: Minerva Urologica e Nefrologica, the Italian Journal of Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27628265/prospective-study-comparing-video-endoscopic-radical-inguinal-lymph-node-dissection-veilnd-with-open-radical-ilnd-oilnd-for-penile-cancer-over-an-8-year-period
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Vivekanandan Kumar, K Krishna Sethia
OBJECTIVE: To compare the complications and oncological outcomes between video-endoscopic inguinal lymph node dissection (VEILND) and open ILND (OILND) in men with carcinoma of the penis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospectively collected institutional database was used to determine the outcomes in 42 consecutive patients undergoing ILND between 2008 and 2015 in a centre for treating penile cancer. Before 2013 all procedures were OILNDs. Since 2013 we have performed VEILND on all patients in need of ILND...
April 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27311875/single-port-robotic-pelvic-bulky-lymph-node-resection-a-case-report
#17
Mete Gungor, Ozguc Takmaz, Selim Afsar, Esra Ozbasli, Savas Gundogan
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report the feasibility of bulky pelvic lymph node resection with robotic-assisted single-port laparoscopy in a patient with cervical cancer before chemoradiation therapy. DESIGN: Resection of pelvic bulky lymph nodes with a narrated video of da Vinci single-port platform surgery (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA) (Canadian Task Force classification III). SETTING: Although not enough evidence exists to reveal that single-site surgery is better than traditional endoscopic surgery, several studies have suggested that single-site robotic surgery has certain advantages such as less postoperative analgesic use, shorter hospital stay, and quicker recovery...
November 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134296/what-are-the-risk-factors-for-lymphocyst-formation-apart-from-lymphnode-dissection-and-lymphnode-count-in-gynecologic-malignancy
#18
A Sahbaz, K Gungorduk, V Gulseren, I A Ozdemir, M Harma, M Harma, M Sancı
Aim: Lymphocyst is one of the most common complications of lymphadenectomy and generally encountered during uro-gynecological oncology surgeries. We aimed to define the risk factors for formation of a lymphocyst in patients with various gynecological cancer types in whom a lymphadenectomy was performed. Methods: This retrospective study was performed on 206 patients. Of the 206 patients, 100 were diagnosed with a lymphocyst, and 106 were assigned to a control group. Laboratory findings and surgical characteristics of the patients were compared...
April 2016: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27065658/factors-influencing-non-sentinel-node-involvement-in-sentinel-node-positive-patients-and-validation-of-mskcc-nomogram-in-indian-breast-cancer-population
#19
Naveen Padmanabhan, Muhamed Faizal Ayub, Khadher Hussain, Ann Kurien, Selvi Radhakrishna
Current guidelines recommend completion axillary lymphnode dissection (ALND) when sentinel lymphnode (SLN) contains metastatic tumor deposit. In consequent ALND sentinel node is the only node involved by tumor in 40-70 % of cases. Recent studies demonstrate the oncologic safety of omitting completion ALND in low risk patients. Several nomograms (MSKCC, Stanford, MD Anderson score, Tenon score) had been developed in predicting the likelihood of additional nodes metastatic involvement. We evaluated accuracy of MSKCC nomogram and other clinicopathologic variables associated with additional lymph node metastasis in our patients...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26905111/a-clinical-study-to-assess-the-pathological-involvement-of-occult-supraclavicular-lymphnode-metastasis-in-case-of-locally-advanced-operable-breast-carcinoma
#20
S J Virani, S Patni, R Shah
PURPOSE: The prognosis of ipsilateral supraclavicular lymph node (SCLN) recurrence after early breast cancer appears to be worse than for other locoregional recurrences, but better than for distant metastases. Prophylactic radiotherapy (RT) to supraclavicular region decreases risk of ipsilateral SCLN recurrence. Currently, all patients with locally advanced breast cancer are considered high-risk for SCLN metastasis and treated with prophylactic RT. This study is carried out to identify risk factors associated with occult SCLN metastases in locally advanced breast cancer...
July 2015: Indian Journal of Cancer
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