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Candida and UTI in childrens

Upma Narain, Arvind Gupta
BACKGROUND: The occurrence of urinary tract infection (UTI) in nephrotic syndrome has been reported. However, the only causes for the infection reported to date are bacteria and prior reported series did not identify yeast or fungi as causative organisms. METHODS: A retrospective study of 2880 children with nephrotic syndrome was made to determine the incidence of UTI, predisposing factor and bacterial and fungal etiologies. RESULTS: Between January 2000 and November 2016, we identified that 15% of the children developed UTI...
February 2018: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Mohamed S Kabbani, Sameh R Ismail, Anis Fatima, Rehana Shafi, Julinar A Idris, Akhter Mehmood, Reetam K Singh, Mahmoud Elbarabry, Omar Hijazi, Mohamed A Hussein
Nosocomial urinary tract infection (UTI) increases hospitalization, cost and morbidity. In this cohort study, we aimed to determine the incidence, risk factors, etiology and outcomes of UTIs in post-operative cardiac children. To this end, we studied all post-operative patients admitted to the Pediatric Cardiac Intensive Care Unit (PCICU) in 2012, and we divided the patients into two groups: the UTI (UTI group) and the non-UTI (control group). We compared both groups for multiple peri-operative risk factors...
September 2016: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Sungchan Park, Sang Hoon Song, Chunwoo Lee, Jong Won Kim, Kun Suk Kim
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the risk factors for recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) in infants with vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) and whether bacterial pathogen affected breakthrough UTI or not. METHODS: We compared children with infantile VUR with recurrent UTI (33 males, 11 females, mean age 3.2 months) and without recurrent UTI (40 males, 7 females, mean age 4.8 months). The following were compared between the 2 groups: sex, timing of UTI episode, bacterial growth on urine culture, degree and bilaterality of the reflux, hydronephrosis, renal scar, and delayed ureteral excretion of refluxed contrast on voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG)...
June 2013: Urology
María R Becerra, José A Tantaleán, Víctor J Suárez, Margarita C Alvarado, Jorge L Candela, Flor C Urcia
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial Infections (NI) are a frequent and relevant problem. The purpose of this study was to determine the epidemiology of the three most common NI in a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit from a developing country. METHODS: We performed a prospective study in a single Pediatric Intensive Care Unit during 12 months. Children were assessed for 3 NI: bloodstream infections (BSI), ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) and urinary tract infections (UTI), according to Center for Disease Control criteria...
2010: BMC Pediatrics
Tahar Gargah, Aymen Labessi, Youssef Gharbi, Mohamed Rachid Lakhoua
BACKGROUND: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is the most common complication after kidney transplantation and represents a potential life-threatening risk for the immunocompromised child. AIM: The aim of this report is to determinate incidence, risk factors, microbiologic features and evaluate the impact of this complication on graft outcome and patient mortality. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study reviewing the medical records of 17 children from 38 who received a renal transplant in our center between January 1992 and june 2008 and who present an urinary tract infection...
September 2010: La Tunisie Médicale
Lidvana Spahiu, Virgjina Hasbahta
AIM: to determine the most frequent causes of urinary tract infection (UTI) amongst children according to gender and age. METHODS: 299 children with urinary tract infections were evaluated. All of the cases were clinically evaluated and quantitative and qualitative examinations of the urine (culture with antibiogram) were done. RESULTS: There were 54.58% males and 45.15% females in the research group. Similar distribution was present in age groups: 1-28 days (67...
2010: Medicinski Arhiv
Neelam Taneja, Shiv Sekhar Chatterjee, Meenakshi Singh, Surjit Singh, Meera Sharma
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Paediatric urinary tract infections (UTI) are associated with high morbidity and long term complications like renal scarring, hypertension, and chronic renal failure. A cause of occult febrile illness, they often remain undiagnosed. We studied the clinical and microbiologic profile and antibiotic resistance profile of such infections in paediatric UTI patients at our center. METHODS: Clean catch mid-stream urine samples for culture were received from 1974 children aged<12 yr over a period of 6 months...
January 2010: Indian Journal of Medical Research
N Younis, K Quol, T Al-Momani, F Al-Awaisheh, D Al-Kayed
INTRODUCTION: Urinary tract infection is certainly one of the most common childhood infections. Emerging resistance to the antibiotics is not unusual. Current hospitalization for children with urinary tract infection is reserved for severe or complicated cases. The aim of the present study was to determine the antibiotic resistance pattern among children with recurrent or complicated urinary tract infection. METHODS: A retrospective study carried out at Prince Hashem hospital, Zarqa city, eastern Jordan and involved 336 episodes of culture proved urinary tract infection obtained from 121 patients with recurrent UTI, who used prophylactic antibiotics during the period from April 1, 2004 to December 31, 2006...
January 2009: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
Bilal Yildiz, Nurdan Kural, Gul Durmaz, Coskun Yarar, Ilknur Ak, Nevbahar Akcar
OBJECTIVE: To determine the resistance of antibiotics for complicated urinary tract infection (UTI), including urinary tract anomaly (UTA), for empirical antibiotic therapy of complicated UTI. METHODS: Four hundred and twenty urine isolates were obtained from 113 patients with recurrent UTI, who used prophylactic antibiotics between February 1999 and November 2004 in the Eskisehir Osmangazi University, Eskisehir, Turkey. RESULTS: Reflux was found to be the most important predisposing factor for recurrent UTI (31...
December 2007: Saudi Medical Journal
Graziela M Coelho, Maria Candida F Bouzada, Alamanda K Pereira, Bruno F Figueiredo, Maria Rafaela S Leite, Danielly S Oliveira, Eduardo A Oliveira
The purpose of this study was to report the outcome of infants with antenatal hydronephrosis. Between May 1999 and June 2006, all patients diagnosed with isolated fetal renal pelvic dilatation (RPD) were prospectively followed. The events of interest were: presence of uropathy, need for surgical intervention, RPD resolution, urinary tract infection (UTI), and hypertension. RPD was classified as mild (5-9.9 mm), moderate (10-14.9 mm) or severe (>or=15 mm). A total of 192 patients was included in the analysis; 114 were assigned to the group of non-significant findings (59...
October 2007: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
Maria Nowakowska, Danuta Rogala-Zawada, Barbara Wiechuła, Maria Rudy, Halina Radosz-Komoniewska, Maria Zientara
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are common clinical problem in pediatric hospitals. The aim of this study was to compare the incidence of UTIs during two different time periods (from February 1999 to March 2000, and from April 2000 to September 2001) in pediatric patients treated in ambulatory or hospitalized in new children hospital. The frequency of occurrence of ESBL--producing Gram-negative rods increased during second period study. The isolated ESBL--producing strains were resistant also to aminoglicosides and trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazol Gram-negative rods were predominant microorganisms...
2004: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
T A Schlager
Although the true incidence of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in children is difficult to estimate, they are one of the most common bacterial infections seen by clinicians who care for young children. Except for the first 8 to 12 weeks of life, when infection of the urinary tact may be secondary to a haematogenous source, UTI is believed to arise by the ascending route after entry of bacteria via the urethra. Enterobacteriaceae are the most common organisms isolated from uncomplicated UTI. Infection with Staphylococcus aureus is rare in children without in-dwelling catheters or other sources of infection, and coagulase-negative staphylococci and Candida spp...
2001: Paediatric Drugs
P Mangiarotti, C Pizzini, V Fanos
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTIs) are observed in 30-50% of children after the first UTI. Of these, approximately 90% occur within 3 months of the initial episode. The basic aim of antibiotic prophylaxis in children with malformative uropathy and/or recurrent UTIs, is to reduce the frequency of UTIs. The bacteria most frequently responsible for UTI are gram-negative organisms, with Escherichia coli accounting for 80% of urinary tract pathogens. In children with recurrent UTIs and in those treated with antibiotic prophylaxis there is a greater incidence of UTI due to Proteus spp...
April 2000: Journal of Chemotherapy
F Moulin, A Quintart, C Sauvestre, K Mensah, M Bergeret, J Raymond
Urinary tract infections (UTI) are the most frequent nosocomial infection in the adult, yet very few data are available concerning these infections in children. In a retrospective 1-year study in a paediatric hospital, we analysed the incidence of nosocomial UTI and the characteristics of the affected children. The incidence was of 1.97/1,000 admissions which represented 6.8% of all UTI diagnosed by the microbiology laboratory. Most cases were in surgery and neurology wards. The frequency was inversely proportional to the age, with 50% of children being less than 2 years old...
1998: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
C N Azubike, O J Nwamadu, R U Oji, N Uzoije
A survey was carried out to determine the prevalence of urinary tract infection (UTI) among primary school children in Awka Local Government Area of Anambra State between March and July, 1987. The asymptomatic survey was carried out by random screening of 100 urine samples of healthy pupils (50 boys and 50 girls) aged between 4-16 years. Results of the survey showed that 6 boys (12%) and 24 girls (48%) were positive for the infection. At the General Hospital, Awka, 100 urine samples of children (34 boys and 66 girls) who came to the hospital complaining of loin pain were studied...
January 1994: West African Journal of Medicine
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