keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fever and virus in childrens

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214503/epidemiology-and-clinical-characteristics-of-human-coronaviruses-oc43-229e-nl63-and-hku1-a-study-of-hospitalized-children-with-acute-respiratory-tract-infection-in-guangzhou-china
#1
Zhi-Qi Zeng, De-Hui Chen, Wei-Ping Tan, Shu-Yan Qiu, Duo Xu, Huan-Xi Liang, Mei-Xin Chen, Xiao Li, Zheng-Shi Lin, Wen-Kuan Liu, Rong Zhou
Human coronaviruses (HCoV) OC43, 229E, NL63, and HKU1 are common respiratory viruses which cause various respiratory diseases, including pneumonia. There is a paucity of evidence on the epidemiology and clinical manifestations of these four HCoV strains worldwide. We collected 11,399 throat swabs from hospitalized children with acute respiratory tract infection from July 2009 to June 2016 in Guangzhou, China. These were tested for four strains of HCoV infection using real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
December 6, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198212/rubella-vaccination-in-india-identifying-broad-consequences-of-vaccine-introduction-and-key-knowledge-gaps
#2
A K Winter, S Pramanik, J Lessler, M Ferrari, B T Grenfell, C J E Metcalf
Rubella virus infection typically presents as a mild illness in children; however, infection during pregnancy may cause the birth of an infant with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS). As of February 2017, India began introducing rubella-containing vaccine (RCV) into the public-sector childhood vaccination programme. Low-level RCV coverage among children over several years can result in an increase in CRS incidence by increasing the average age of infection without sufficiently reducing rubella incidence. We evaluated the impact of RCV introduction on CRS incidence across India's heterogeneous demographic and epidemiological contexts...
December 4, 2017: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189528/incidence-and-diagnostic-evaluation-of-postoperative-fever-in-pediatric-patients-with-neuromuscular-disorders
#3
Mohamed A A Yousef, Darius Dranginis, Scott Rosenfeld
BACKGROUND: Children with neuromuscular disorders have a significant chance of developing scoliosis and/or hip dislocation during childhood and adolescence and often undergo surgical reconstruction. Because of their high rate of medical comorbidities, these patients are at higher risk of postoperative complications and are therefore often comanaged, along with orthopaedics, by pediatric medicine and critical care teams. Fever during the postoperative stay is a frequent occurrence and often prompts extensive diagnostic workup which increases the cost and burden on the health system but have unclear effects on the care of the patient...
November 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183824/zika-virus-infection-in-travelers-returning-from-countries-with-local-transmission-guangdong-china-2016
#4
Haimei Jia, Meng Zhang, Maoyu Chen, Zhiwen Yang, Jiansen Li, Guo Huang, Dawei Guan, Xiaoli Cen, Lijie Zhang, Qiwen Feng, Jianron Yi, De Wu, Haojie Zhong, Huilai Ma, Tie Song
BACKGROUND: Zika virus (ZIKV) is a mosquito-borne virus spreading rapidly in the Americas, Africa, and Asia. No indigenous ZIKV infection had been seen in China. We monitored ZIKV infection among travelers returning to Enping county from ZIKV transmitting countries from 1 March to 10 April 2016. METHODS: We analyzed data including interviews; conducted laboratory test on blood, urine, saliva, conjunctival swab or semen specimens for evidence of ZIKV infection; evaluated household for presence of Aedes mosquitoes or larvae...
November 25, 2017: Travel Medicine and Infectious Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182793/atypical-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-caused-by-coxsackievirus-a6-in-denmark-a-diagnostic-mimicker
#5
Hans-Henrik Horsten, Michael Kemp, Thea K Fischer, Kim H Lindahl, Anette Bygum
Since 2008, outbreaks of atypical hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) in children and adults have been reported worldwide. The majority of these outbreaks are caused by a new lineage of Coxsackie virus A6 (CV-A6) presenting a more severe clinical phenotype than the classical childhood HFMD caused by CV-A16. Between June 2014 and January 2016, 23 cases of atypical HFMD disease presented at a Dermatology Department at a regional University Hospital in Denmark. Patients were referred by general practitioners and dermatologists with a variety of clinical diagnoses, including eczema herpeticum, vasculitis, syphilis, dermatophytid, erythema multiforme and Stevens-Johnson syndrome...
November 28, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180056/review-of-a-licensed-dengue-vaccine-inappropriate-subgroup-analyses-and-selective-reporting-may-cause-harm-in-mass-vaccination-programs
#6
Antonio L Dans, Leonila F Dans, Mary Ann D Lansang, Maria Asuncion A Silvestre, Gordon H Guyatt
Severe life-threatening dengue fever usually occurs when a child is infected by dengue virus a 2nd time. This is caused by a phenomenon called antibody dependent enhancement or ADE. Since dengue vaccines can mimic a first infection in seronegative children (those with no previous infection), a natural infection later in life could lead to severe disease. The possibility that dengue vaccines can cause severe dengue through ADE has led to serious concern regarding the safety of mass vaccination programs. A published meta-analysis addressed this safety issue for a new vaccine against dengue fever - Dengvaxia ™...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172832/the-17d-204-and-17dd-yellow-fever-vaccines-an-overview-of-major-similarities-and-subtle-differences
#7
Clarissa de Castro Ferreira, Ana Carolina Campi-Azevedo, Vanessa Peruhype-Magalhāes, Christiane Costa-Pereira, Cleandro Pires de Albuquerque, Luciana Feitosa Muniz, Talita Yokoy de Souza, Ana Cristina Vanderley Oliveira, Olindo Assis Martins-Filho, Licia Maria Henrique da Mota
The yellow fever vaccine is a live attenuated virus vaccine that is considered one of the most efficient vaccines produced to date. The original 17D strain generated the substrains 17D-204 and 17DD, which are used for the current production of vaccines against yellow fever. The 17D-204 and 17DD substrains present subtle differences in their nucleotide compositions, which can potentially lead to variations in immunogenicity and reactogenicity. We will address the main changes in the immune responses induced by the 17D-204 and 17DD yellow fever vaccines and report similarities and differences between these vaccines in cellular and humoral immunity ...
November 27, 2017: Expert Review of Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166910/prevalence-and-genetic-diversity-analysis-of-human-coronaviruses-among-cross-border-children
#8
Peilin Liu, Lei Shi, Wei Zhang, Jianan He, Chunxiao Liu, Chunzhong Zhao, Siu Kai Kong, Jacky Fong Chuen Loo, Dayong Gu, Longfei Hu
BACKGROUND: More than a decade after the outbreak of human coronaviruses (HCoVs) SARS in Guangdong province and Hong Kong SAR of China in 2002, there is still no reoccurrence, but the evolution and recombination of the coronaviruses in this region are still unknown. Therefore, surveillance on the prevalence and the virus variation of HCoVs circulation in this region is conducted. METHODS: A total of 3298 nasopharyngeal swabs samples were collected from cross-border children (<6 years, crossing border between Southern China and Hong Kong SAR) showing symptoms of respiratory tract infection, such as fever (body temperature > 37...
November 22, 2017: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145358/progress-in-rubella-and-congenital-rubella-syndrome-control-and-elimination-worldwide-2000-2016
#9
Gavin B Grant, Susan E Reef, Minal Patel, Jennifer K Knapp, Alya Dabbagh
Although rubella virus infection usually causes a mild fever and rash illness in children and adults, infection during pregnancy, especially during the first trimester, can result in miscarriage, fetal death, stillbirth, or infants with a constellation of congenital malformations known as congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) (1). Rubella is a leading vaccine-preventable cause of birth defects. Preventing these adverse pregnancy outcomes is the focus of rubella vaccination programs. In 2011, the World Health Organization (WHO) updated guidance on the preferred strategy for introduction of rubella-containing vaccine (RCV) into national immunization schedules and recommended an initial vaccination campaign, usually targeting children aged 9 months-14 years (1)...
November 17, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122738/performance-of-a-mobile-phone-app-based-participatory-syndromic-surveillance-system-for-acute-febrile-illness-and-acute-gastroenteritis-in-rural-guatemala
#10
Daniel Olson, Molly Lamb, Maria Renee Lopez, Kathryn Colborn, Alejandra Paniagua-Avila, Alma Zacarias, Ricardo Zambrano-Perilla, Sergio Ricardo Rodríguez-Castro, Celia Cordon-Rosales, Edwin Jose Asturias
BACKGROUND: With their increasing availability in resource-limited settings, mobile phones may provide an important tool for participatory syndromic surveillance, in which users provide symptom data directly into a centralized database. OBJECTIVE: We studied the performance of a mobile phone app-based participatory syndromic surveillance system for collecting syndromic data (acute febrile illness and acute gastroenteritis) to detect dengue virus and norovirus on a cohort of children living in a low-resource and rural area of Guatemala...
November 9, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118655/the-burden-of-dengue-source-reduction-measures-and-serotype-patterns-in-myanmar-2011-to-2015-r2
#11
Pwint Mon Oo, Khin Thet Wai, Anthony D Harries, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Tin Oo, Aung Thi, Zaw Lin
Background: Myanmar is currently classified as a high burden dengue country in the Asian Pacific region. The Myanmar vector-borne diseases control (VBDC) program has collected data on dengue and source reduction measures since 1970, and there is a pressing need to collate, analyze, and interpret this information. The aim of this study was to describe the burden of hospital-based dengue disease, dengue control measures, and serotype patterns in Myanmar between 2011 and 2015. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study using annual records from the Dengue Fever/Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Prevention and Control Project in Myanmar...
2017: Tropical Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095244/contribution-of-co-detected-respiratory-viruses-and-patient-age-to-the-clinical-manifestations-of-mycoplasma-pneumoniae-pneumonia-in-children
#12
Mi Seon Han, Ki Wook Yun, Hoan Jong Lee, Ji Young Park, Kyuyol Rhie, Joon Kee Lee, Hyunju Lee, Young Ho Kwak, Do Kyun Kim, Dong In Suh, Eun Hwa Choi
BACKGROUND: The clinical spectrum of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia is widely variable. This study evaluated the clinical manifestations of Mycoplasma pneumoniae pneumonia in children of different age groups and by the presence of co-detected respiratory virus. METHODS: This study included children hospitalized with M. pneumoniae pneumonia between 2010 and 2015. At the time of pneumonia diagnosis, a nasopharyngeal aspirate was analyzed for respiratory viruses by RT-PCR...
October 31, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093135/epidemiology-of-pediatric-zika-virus-infections
#13
Isabel Griffin, Guoyan Zhang, Danielle Fernandez, Christina Cordero, Teresa Logue, Stephen L White, Anthoni Llau, Lakisha Thomas, Emily Moore, Pedro Noya-Chaveco, Marie Etienne, Mercedes Rojas, Cynthia Goldberg, Genevie Rodriguez, Alvaro Mejia-Echeverry, Edhelene Rico, Leah D Gillis, Marshall Cone, Reynald Jean, Lillian Rivera
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: In July 2016, local transmission of Zika virus (ZIKV) was announced in Miami-Dade County, Florida. In this report, we describe the epidemiology of pediatric ZIKV infections in locally acquired and travel-associated cases. METHODS: All children aged 1 to 17 years tested for ZIKV between October 1, 2015, and March 29, 2017, were included. SAS 9.4 was used to analyze age, sex, race and/or ethnicity, origin of exposure, onset date, affiliation with a household cluster, clinical symptoms, hospitalizations, viremia, viruria, and antibody detection in specimens...
December 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070688/structural-basis-for-the-escape-of-human-astrovirus-from-antibody-neutralization-broad-implications-for-rational-vaccine-design
#14
Walter A Bogdanoff, Edmundo I Perez, Tomás López, Carlos F Arias, Rebecca M DuBois
Human astroviruses are recognized as a leading cause of viral diarrhea worldwide in children, immunocompromised patients, and the elderly. There are currently no vaccines available to prevent astrovirus infection, however antibodies developed by healthy individuals during previous infection correlate with protection from reinfection, suggesting that an effective vaccine could be developed. In this study, we investigated the molecular mechanism by which several strains of human astrovirus serotype 2 (HAstV-2) are resistant to the potent HAstV-2-neutralizing monoclonal antibody PL-2 (mAb PL-2)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063892/hantavirus-and-tuberculosis-co-infection-in-an-indian-child
#15
Someshwar Chate, Ira Shah, Hiren Doshi
Hantaviruses are a group of antigenically distinct viruses carried out in rodents and insectivores. Humans are accidental hosts and get infected by aerosols generated from contaminated urine, faeces and saliva of infected rodents. Hantaviruses are identified as aetiological agents of two human diseases, haemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome. Hantavirus causing pulmonary renal disease has rarely been reported in children in India. Hantavirus infection is uncommon under the age of 12 years...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054571/associations-of-dc-sign-cd209-promoter-336g-a-polymorphism-rs4804803-with-dengue-infection-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
Noel Pabalan, Suwit Chaisri, Sompong Tabunhan, Achara Phumyen, Hamdi Jarjanazi, Theodore S Steiner
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dengue virus entry into a host is associated with a cell surface protein, DC-SIGN (dendritic cell-specific intercellular adhesion molecule-3 grabbing non-integrin). A common CD209-336G/A (rs4804803) polymorphism in DC-SIGN may affect severity of dengue virus infection (DEN) and incidence of dengue fever (DF) or the more severe dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF). However, the reported associations of these two outcomes and CD-209 have been inconsistent, which prompted a meta-analysis to obtain more precise estimates...
October 18, 2017: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040262/serological-and-spatial-analysis-of-alphavirus-and-flavivirus-prevalence-and-risk-factors-in-a-rural-community-in-western-kenya
#17
Elysse N Grossi-Soyster, Elizabeth A J Cook, William A de Glanville, Lian F Thomas, Amy R Krystosik, Justin Lee, C Njeri Wamae, Samuel Kariuki, Eric M Fèvre, A Desiree LaBeaud
Alphaviruses, such as chikungunya virus, and flaviviruses, such as dengue virus, are (re)-emerging arboviruses that are endemic in tropical environments. In Africa, arbovirus infections are often undiagnosed and unreported, with febrile illnesses often assumed to be malaria. This cross-sectional study aimed to characterize the seroprevalence of alphaviruses and flaviviruses among children (ages 5-14, n = 250) and adults (ages 15 ≥ 75, n = 250) in western Kenya. Risk factors for seropositivity were explored using Lasso regression...
October 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028980/influenza-among-young-children-in-bangladesh-clinical-characteristics-and-outcomes-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Elizabeth Rotrosen, K Zaman, Jodi Feser, Justin R Ortiz, Doli Goswami, Amina Tahia Sharmeen, Mustafizur Rahman, Kristen D C Lewis, Md Ziaur Rahman, Burc Barin, W Abdullah Brooks, Kathleen M Neuzil
Background: Influenza causes substantial morbidity in children worldwide, although influenza vaccine is seldom used in low-resource settings. More information on the clinical presentation of influenza and the efficacy of vaccine is needed to inform policy. Methods: In 2013 we conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trial of live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in children aged 24-59 months in Bangladesh (N = 1761). If participants met prespecified specimen collection criteria, we collected nasopharyngeal washes for testing by singleplex reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for laboratory-confirmed influenza virus infection (LCI)...
November 13, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975651/risk-factors-of-respiratory-syncytial-virus-infection-among-pediatric-influenza-like-illness-and-severe-acute-respiratory-infections-in-suzhou-china
#19
Yukai Huang, Jun Hua, Dan Wang, Liling Chen, Jun Zhang, Hong Zhu, Jianmei Tian, Tao Zhang, Genming Zhao
Background The characteristics and risk factors of respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection among children has not yet been fully understood. Objectives To address the characteristics of RSV-associated illness and risk factors of RSV infection among children under 5 years of age in Suzhou, China. Methods From April 2011 to March 2014, we conducted a prospective surveillance among children in Suzhou, China. Nasal or throat swabs were collected from outpatients with influenza-like illness (ILI) and inpatients with severe acute respiratory infections (SARI)...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Medical Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963878/human-parainfluenza-virus-surveillance-in-pediatric-patients-with-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-a-special-view-of-parainfluenza-type-4
#20
Luciano M Thomazelli, Danielle B L de Oliveira, Giuliana S Durigon, Brett Whitaker, Shifaq Kamili, Eitan N Berezin, Edison L Durigon
OBJECTIVE: Characterize the role of human parainfluenza virus and its clinical features in Brazilian children under 2 years of age presenting with acute lower respiratory tract infections. METHODS: Real-time assays were used to identify strains of human parainfluenza virus and other common respiratory viruses in nasopharyngeal aspirates. One thousand and two children presenting with acute lower respiratory tract illnesses were enrolled from February 2008 to August 2010...
September 27, 2017: Jornal de Pediatria
keyword
keyword
82968
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"