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Fever AND end of life

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123348/symptom-prevalence-in-patients-with-advanced-incurable-illness-in-bangladesh
#1
Megan Doherty, Farzana Khan, Fazle Noor Biswas, Marufa Khanom, Rubayat Rahman, Mohammad Munirul Islam Tanvir, Farhana Akter, Mridul Sarker, Nezamuddin Ahmad
Context: There is a significant need for palliative care for patients living in low- and middle-income countries. The presence and intensity of physical symptoms is a major factor influencing the suffering of patients at the end of life. Objectives: The primary aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and characteristics of common physical symptoms experienced by patients with advanced, incurable illness in a developing country. Method: This study used semi-structured interviews in patients with advanced cancer or HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061148/integrated-community-case-management-by-drug-sellers-influences-appropriate-treatment-of-paediatric-febrile-illness-in-south-western-uganda-a-quasi-experimental-study
#2
Freddy Eric Kitutu, Joan Nakayaga Kalyango, Chrispus Mayora, Katarina Ekholm Selling, Stefan Peterson, Henry Wamani
BACKGROUND: Fever case management is a major challenge for improved child health globally, despite existence of cheap and effective child survival health technologies. The integrated Community Case Management (iCCM) intervention of paediatric febrile illnesses though adopted by Uganda's Ministry of Health to be implemented by community health workers, has not addressed the inaccess to life-saving medicines and diagnostics. Therefore, the iCCM intervention was implemented in private drug shops and evaluated for its effect on appropriate treatment of paediatric fever in a low malaria transmission setting in South Western Uganda...
October 23, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28844207/a-novel-presentation-of-mycobacterium-avium-complex-in-a-recipient-of-a-lung-transplant-a-case-report
#3
Leah Cohen, Jeannette Guarner, William R Hunt
BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation remains an important potential therapeutic option for end-stage lung disease. It can improve quality of life and in some cases be a life-lengthening therapy. Despite the possible benefits, there are also many potential complications following transplantation. Here we describe a novel presentation of nontuberculous mycobacterium manifesting as an endobronchial mass developing 4 years after lung transplantation. CASE PRESENTATION: A 66-year-old African-American woman presented with progressive dyspnea, cough, and persistent wheezing of 2 months' duration...
August 28, 2017: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801155/vaccinations-in-the-first-year-of-life-and-risk-of-atopic-disease-results-from-the-kiggs-study
#4
Martin Schlaud, Roma Schmitz, Christina Poethko-Müller, Ronny Kuhnert
BACKGROUND: The study focused on the question of whether and - if so - to what direction and extent immunisations in the 1st year may be associated with the risk of being diagnosed with atopic diseases after the 1st year of life. METHODS: Data from the German Health Interview and Examination Survey for Children and Adolescents (KiGGS, 2003-2006) were analysed. For analyses of potential associations between vaccination status and risk of hay fever, atopic dermatitis or asthma, sample sizes of 15254, 14297, and 15262, respectively, were available...
August 8, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28373007/avelumab-for-metastatic-or-locally-advanced-previously-treated-solid-tumours-javelin-solid-tumor-a-phase-1a-multicohort-dose-escalation-trial
#5
Christopher R Heery, Geraldine O'Sullivan-Coyne, Ravi A Madan, Lisa Cordes, Arun Rajan, Myrna Rauckhorst, Elizabeth Lamping, Israel Oyelakin, Jennifer L Marté, Lauren M Lepone, Renee N Donahue, Italia Grenga, Jean-Marie Cuillerot, Berend Neuteboom, Anja von Heydebreck, Kevin Chin, Jeffrey Schlom, James L Gulley
BACKGROUND: Avelumab (MSB0010718C) is a human IgG1 monoclonal antibody that binds to PD-L1, inhibiting its binding to PD-1, which inactivates T cells. We aimed to establish the safety and pharmacokinetics of avelumab in patients with solid tumours while assessing biological correlatives for future development. METHODS: This open-label, single-centre, phase 1a, dose-escalation trial (part of the JAVELIN Solid Tumor trial) assessed four doses of avelumab (1 mg/kg, 3 mg/kg, 10 mg/kg, and 20 mg/kg), with dose-level cohort expansions to provide additional safety, pharmacokinetics, and target occupancy data...
May 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153848/cjd-mimics-and-chameleons
#6
REVIEW
Simon Mead, Peter Rudge
Rapidly progressive dementia mimicking Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) is a relatively rare presentation but a rewarding one to become familiar with, as the potential diagnoses range from the universally fatal to the completely reversible. Patients require urgent decisions about assessment and investigation and have quickly evolving needs for treatments and support, through symptom management and end-of-life care in most cases. We have based this pragmatic review on the experiences of a specialist prion referral centre in the UK, which, unsurprisingly, is strongly biased towards seeing patients with CJD...
April 2017: Practical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979049/medical-management-of-severe-alcoholic-hepatitis-expert%C3%A2-review-from-the-clinical-practice-updates-committee-of%C3%A2-the-aga-institute
#7
REVIEW
Mack C Mitchell, Lawrence S Friedman, Craig J McClain
The purpose of this clinical practice update is to review diagnostic criteria for severe acute alcoholic hepatitis and to determine the current best practices for this life-threatening condition. The best practices in this review are based on clinical trials, systematic reviews including meta-analysis and expert opinion to develop an approach to diagnosis and management. Best Practice Advice 1: Abstinence from drinking alcohol is the cornerstone of treatment for alcohol hepatitis (AH). Best Practice Advice 2: Patients with jaundice and suspected AH should have cultures of blood, urine, and ascites, if present, to determine the presence of bacterial infections regardless of whether they have fever...
January 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932159/fulminant-clostridium-perfringens-sepsis-in-kidney-transplant-a-case-report
#8
P Mihaylov, J A Powelson, W C Goggins
BACKGROUND: Infections, particularly urinary tract infections, and cardiovascular accidents are the main causes of morbidity and mortality during the 1st year after kidney transplantation (KT). Bacteria and viruses, such as Escherichia coli, Enteroccoci, and Polyoma BK virus are common in the 1st 6 months, so they are controlled routinely. On the other hand, Clostridium perfringens infection is a rare life-threatening condition, associated with a high mortality rate especially in the transplant population, that is not controlled routinely...
November 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784885/tuberculosis
#9
REVIEW
Madhukar Pai, Marcel A Behr, David Dowdy, Keertan Dheda, Maziar Divangahi, Catharina C Boehme, Ann Ginsberg, Soumya Swaminathan, Melvin Spigelman, Haileyesus Getahun, Dick Menzies, Mario Raviglione
Tuberculosis (TB) is an airborne infectious disease caused by organisms of the Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex. Although primarily a pulmonary pathogen, M. tuberculosis can cause disease in almost any part of the body. Infection with M. tuberculosis can evolve from containment in the host, in which the bacteria are isolated within granulomas (latent TB infection), to a contagious state, in which the patient will show symptoms that can include cough, fever, night sweats and weight loss. Only active pulmonary TB is contagious...
October 27, 2016: Nature Reviews. Disease Primers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27491498/weekly-vinorelbine-and-paclitaxel-in-older-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-phase-ii-fred-and-pamela-buffet-cancer-center-clinical-trials-network-study
#10
Mary M Huerter, Jane L Meza, M Sitki Copur, Addison Tolentino, Alissa S Marr, Marsha Ketcham, Holly DeSpiegelaere, Susan Kruse, Mary E Kos, Karin Swenson, Sarah E Radniecki, Anne Kessinger, Apar Kishor Ganti
OBJECTIVE: Platinum-based doublet chemotherapy is the standard for most patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Toxicity concerns limit chemotherapy for patients over 70years. Vinorelbine and paclitaxel are effective as single agents in advanced NSCLC. This phase II study evaluates safety and efficacy of a combination of these two agents in patients >70years with advanced NSCLC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with treatment naïve metastatic NSCLC received two cycles comprising 6 weekly doses of vinorelbine and paclitaxel, with restaging scans at week 8...
January 2017: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418985/autoantibodies-in-a-three-year-old-girl-with-visceral-leishmaniasis-a-potential-diagnostic-pitfall
#11
Gholamreza Pouladfar, Zahra Jafarpour, Amir Hossein Babaei, Bahman Pourabbas, Bita Geramizadeh, Anahita Sanaei Dashti
Visceral leishmaniasis (VL), a life-threatening parasitic infection, is endemic in the Mediterranean region. Diagnosis of VL is based on epidemiologic, clinical, and laboratory findings. However, sometimes, clinical features and laboratory findings overlap with those of autoimmune diseases. In some cases, autoantibodies are detected in patients with VL and this could be a potential diagnostic pitfall. In this study, we have reported on a three-year-old girl from a VL-endemic area in Iran, who presented with prolonged fever and splenomegaly...
2016: Case Reports in Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27017733/descending-necrotizing-mediastinitis-secondary-to-retropharyngeal-abscess
#12
Marijan Kovacić, Ivan Kovacić, Boris Dželalija
Descending necrotizing mediastinitis secondary to a nontraumatic retropharyngeal abscess is very rare. This form of mediastinitis in the era of potent antibiotics often ends up with lethal outcome. It usually occurs in immunocompromised patients and requires intensive multidisciplinary treatment approach. We report a case of nontraumatic retropharyngeal abscess complicated by descending necrotizing mediastinitis in a 70-year-old man with insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. The patient was admitted to our hospital after clinical and radiological diagnosis of retropharyngeal abscess...
December 2015: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26985407/identifying-gaps-in-research-prioritization-the-global-burden-of-neglected-tropical-diseases-as-reflected-in-the-cochrane-database-of-systematic-reviews
#13
Soumyadeep Bhaumik, Chante Karimkhani, Christopher A Czaja, Hywel C Williams, Monica Rani, Mona Nasser, Lindsay N Boyers, Sergei Dmitruk, Robert P Dellavalle
BACKGROUND: Neglected tropical diseases (NTDs) impact disadvantaged populations in resource-scarce settings. Availability of synthesized evidence is paramount to end this disparity. The aim of the study was to determine whether NTD systematic reviews or protocols in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) reflect disease burden. METHODS: Two authors independently searched the CDSR for reviews/protocols regarding the NTDs diseases. Each review or protocol was classified to a single NTD category...
October 2015: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26914191/cardiopulmonary-resuscitation-knowledge-and-opinions-on-end-of-life-decision-making-of-older-adults-admitted-to-an-acute-medical-service
#14
Rupali Sharma, Sisira Jayathissa, Mark Weatherall
AIM: To determine the knowledge in cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) process, preference for CPR, and desire to participate in end-of-life decision making amongst older hospitalised patients. METHOD: We prospectively interviewed 100 participants above 65 years of age awaiting discharge from acute medical ward and collected demographics, knowledge of CPR and opinion on CPR in various clinical scenarios. RESULTS: Amongst the participants, 58% had good understanding of all components of CPR and 91% overestimated its success...
January 8, 2016: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26892041/severe-non-infective-systemic-inflammatory-response-syndrome-shock-and-end-organ-dysfunction-after-zoledronic-acid-administration-in-a-child
#15
S Trivedi, A Al-Nofal, S Kumar, S Tripathi, R J Kahoud, P J Tebben
INTRODUCTION: Zoledronic acid is an intravenous bisphosphonate used to increase bone mineral density and reduce the risk of fractures. Its safety profile compares well with pamidronate in pediatric patients. We describe an acute, severe, life-threatening, inflammatory reaction in a child. METHODS: A 7-year-old boy with complex medical problems and chronic ventilator requirements was admitted to the pediatric intensive care unit (due to ventilator needs) for zoledronic acid infusion and subsequent monitoring...
July 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26880637/can-we-find-a-possible-structural-explanation-for-antibody-dependent-enhancement-of-dengue-virus-infection-resulting-in-hemorrhagic-fever
#16
Cecilia P Mikita, Eduardo A Padlan
Dengue virus infection is one of the most prevalent mosquito-borne illnesses worldwide, affecting as many as 400 million persons annually. Most people experience a self-limited viral illness, but some experience life-threatening disease. Subsequent infection with other dengue virus serotypes increases the risk of development of severe dengue disease with plasma leakage with or without hemorrhage and end organ impairment. Antibody-dependent enhancement of dengue virus infection has been implicated in the development of severe dengue disease, previously referred to as dengue hemorrhagic fever and dengue shock syndrome...
March 2016: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26869655/recap-hospitalizations-in-older-adults-with-advanced-cancer-the-role-of-chemotherapy
#17
Caitriona B O'Neill, Coral L Atoria, Eileen M O'Reilly, Martin C Henman, Peter B Bach, Elena B Elkin, Caitriona B O'Neill, Coral L Atoria, Eileen M O'Reilly, Martin C Henman, Peter B Bach, Elena B Elkin
PURPOSE: Hospital readmissions are often cited as a marker of poor quality of care. Limited data suggest some readmissions may be preventable depending upon definitions and available outpatient support. METHODS: General criteria to define preventable and not preventable admissions were developed before data collection began. The records of sequential nonsurgical oncology readmissions were reviewed independently by two reviewers. When the reviewers disagreed about assigning admissions as preventable or not preventable, a third reviewer was the tie breaker...
February 2016: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26688372/maternal-use-of-acetaminophen-during-pregnancy-and-risk-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-childhood-a-danish-national-birth-cohort-study
#18
Zeyan Liew, Beate Ritz, Jasveer Virk, Jørn Olsen
Acetaminophen (paracetamol) is the most commonly used pain and fever medication during pregnancy. Previously, a positive ecological correlation between acetaminophen use and autism spectrum disorders (ASD) has been reported but evidence from larger studies based on prospective data is lacking. We followed 64,322 children and mothers enrolled in the Danish National Birth Cohort (DNBC; 1996-2002) for average 12.7 years to investigate whether acetaminophen use in pregnancy is associated with increased risk of ASD in the offspring...
September 2016: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26624008/socio-economic-and-climate-factors-associated-with-dengue-fever-spatial-heterogeneity-a-worked-example-in-new-caledonia
#19
Magali Teurlai, Christophe Eugène Menkès, Virgil Cavarero, Nicolas Degallier, Elodie Descloux, Jean-Paul Grangeon, Laurent Guillaumot, Thérèse Libourel, Paulo Sergio Lucio, Françoise Mathieu-Daudé, Morgan Mangeas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Understanding the factors underlying the spatio-temporal distribution of infectious diseases provides useful information regarding their prevention and control. Dengue fever spatio-temporal patterns result from complex interactions between the virus, the host, and the vector. These interactions can be influenced by environmental conditions. Our objectives were to analyse dengue fever spatial distribution over New Caledonia during epidemic years, to identify some of the main underlying factors, and to predict the spatial evolution of dengue fever under changing climatic conditions, at the 2100 horizon...
December 2015: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26597350/drug-reaction-with-eosinophilia-and-systemic-symptoms-syndrome-induced-by-levetiracetam-in-a-pediatric-patient
#20
Ayşe Kaçar Bayram, Mehmet Canpolat, Salih Levent Çınar, Fulya Tahan, Hakan Gumus, Sefer Kumandaş, Hüseyin Per
BACKGROUND: Drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) syndrome is a rare, life-threatening hypersensitivity drug reaction. Patients present with cutaneous rash, fever, lymphadenopathy, hematologic abnormalities with eosinophilia and atypical lymphocytes, and visceral organ involvement. The prognosis of DRESS syndrome is related to the degree of end-organ damage, and the mortality rate is approximately 10%. CASE REPORT: We report a 9-year-old girl treated with only levetiracetam because of intracranial space occupying mass-related seizures...
February 2016: Journal of Emergency Medicine
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