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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943964/decreased-expression-of-granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating-factor-is-associated-with-adverse-clinical-outcome-in-patients-with-gastric-cancer-undergoing-gastrectomy
#1
Hao Liu, Chao Lin, Zhenbin Shen, Heng Zhang, Hongyong He, He Li, Jing Qin, Xinyu Qin, Jiejie Xu, Yihong Sun
Previous studies have revealed the clinical significance of tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) in gastric cancer, whereas the role of the cytokines that orchestrate TAM polarization in gastric cancer remains elusive. The present study aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) expression in patients with gastric cancer. Intratumoral GM-CSF expression was investigated by immunohistochemical staining in 408 retrospectively enrolled patients. Kaplan-Meier analysis and Cox regression models were used to evaluate the prognostic value of GM-CSF expression...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943952/mirna-biogenesis-associated-rnase-iii-nucleases-drosha-and-dicer-are-upregulated-in-colorectal-adenocarcinoma
#2
Shin Kim, Mei Ling Song, Hyeonji Min, Ilseon Hwang, Seong Kyu Baek, Taeg Kyu Kwon, Jong-Wook Park
Drosha and Dicer are important regulators of microRNA (miRNA) biogenesis, and it has been suggested that their aberrant regulation may cause colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of the present study was to evaluate the mRNA expression levels of these two important RNase III nucleases and their association with clinical features in CRC specimens from South Korean patients. The expression levels of Drosha and Dicer mRNA were investigated in 77 CRC tissues and adjacent histologically non-neoplastic tissues using the quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943946/potential-use-of-microrna-200c-as-a-prognostic-marker-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#3
Libo Si, Hui Tian, Weiming Yue, Lin Li, Shuhai Li, Cun Gao, Lei Qi
MicroRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) are a class of small, highly conserved non-coding RNAs that can serve either oncogenic or tumor-suppressive roles in a wide variety of tumors. miR-200c is a member of the miR-200 family whose specific role in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has not yet been elucidated. The purpose of the present study was to detect the expression level of miR-200c in NSCLC, and to analyze its association with clinicopathological factors and patient prognosis. The present study determined the expression levels of miR-200c in 110 tumor samples collected from patients diagnosed with NSCLC who underwent complete tumor resection with regional lymph node dissection, as assessed by reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction...
October 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943179/the-effectiveness-of-the-8th-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-tnm-classification-in-the-prognosis-evaluation-of-gastric-cancer-patients-a-comparative-study-between-the-7th-and-8th-editions
#4
Jun Lu, Chao-Hui Zheng, Long-Long Cao, Ping Li, Jian-Wei Xie, Jia-Bin Wang, Jian-Xian Lin, Qi-Yue Chen, Mi Lin, Chang-Ming Huang
BACKGROUND: The 8th edition of the AJCC TNM staging system for gastric cancer was released in 2016 and included major revisions, especially of stage III. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data from 3281 patients with GC who underwent R0 resection between December 2006 and November 2014 were reviewed. Of them, 1579 patients with stage III according to the seventh edition were analyzed and the 7th and 8th TNM classifications were compared. RESULTS: The most important tumor stages change observed in stage III GC...
September 13, 2017: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943004/importance-of-postprocedural-wound-ischemia-and-foot-infection-wifi-restaging-in-predicting-limb-salvage
#5
Charles Leithead, Zdenek Novak, Emily Spangler, Marc A Passman, Adam Witcher, Mark A Patterson, Adam W Beck, Benjamin J Pearce
OBJECTIVE: The Wound, Ischemia, and foot Infection (WIfI) classification system was created to encompass demographic changes and expanding techniques of revascularization to perform meaningful analyses of outcomes in the treatment of the threatened limb. The WIfI index is intended to be analogous to the TNM staging system for cancer, with restaging to be done after control of infection and after revascularization. Our goal was to evaluate the effectiveness of WIfI restaging after therapy in the prediction of limb outcomes...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941804/mir-132-promotes-the-proliferation-invasion-and-migration-of-human-pancreatic-carcinoma-by-inhibition-of-the-tumor-suppressor-gene-pten
#6
REVIEW
Hui Zhang, Aixiang Liu, Xielin Feng, Lang Tian, Wentao Bo, Haiqing Wang, Yong Hu
MicroRNA (miRNAs) emerges as key oncogene or tumor suppressor in a variety of cancers including pancreatic carcinoma. In this study, we detected the role of miR-132 in development and progression of pancreatic cancer and the underlying mechanism. First, the expression of miR-132 in pancreatic carcinoma and adjacent non-cancerous tissues were detected by qRT-PCR. Then, the role of miR-132 in biological function of pancreatic carcinoma cells was investigated. Our results identified that miR-132 was generally upregulated in pancreatic carcinoma, and phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN) was generally downregulated...
September 20, 2017: Progress in Biophysics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940301/randomized-trial-of-tibetan-yoga-in-patients-with-breast-cancer-undergoing-chemotherapy
#7
Alejandro Chaoul, Kathrin Milbury, Amy Spelman, Karen Basen-Engquist, Martica H Hall, Qi Wei, Ya-Chen Tina Shih, Banu Arun, Vicente Valero, George H Perkins, Gildy V Babiera, Tenzin Wangyal, Rosalinda Engle, Carol A Harrison, Yisheng Li, Lorenzo Cohen
BACKGROUND: The current randomized trial examined the effects of a Tibetan yoga program (TYP) versus a stretching program (STP) and usual care (UC) on sleep and fatigue in women with breast cancer who were undergoing chemotherapy. METHODS: Women with stage (American Joint Committee on Cancer (AJCC) TNM) I to III breast cancer who were undergoing chemotherapy were randomized to TYP (74 women), STP (68 women), or UC (85 women). Participants in the TYP and STP groups participated in 4 sessions during chemotherapy, followed by 3 booster sessions over the subsequent 6 months, and were encouraged to practice at home...
September 20, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939763/a-novel-long-noncoding-rna-linc00460-upregulated-by-cbp-p300-promotes-carcinogenesis-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Yan Liang, Yuanyuan Wu, Xuedan Chen, Shixin Zhang, Kai Wang, Xingying Guan, Kang Yang, Juan Li, Yun Bai
Esophageal cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer related mortality because of poor prognosis. Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have been gradually demonstrated to play critical roles in cancer development. We indentified a novel long noncoding RNA named linc00460 by microarray analysis using esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) clinical samples, which has not been studied before. Our research indicated that linc00460 was overexpressed in the majority of tumor tissues and ESCC cell lines. Linc00460 expression was positively correlated with ESCC TNM stage, lymph node metastasis and predicted poor prognosis...
September 22, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938898/case-matched-study-of-short-term-effects-of-3d-vs-2d-laparoscopic-radical-resection-of-rectal-cancer
#9
QingMin Zeng, Fuming Lei, ZhaoYa Gao, YanZhao Wang, Qing Kun Gao
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study is to compare and evaluate the security and efficacy of 3D vs 2D laparoscopy in rectal cancer treatment. METHODS: Forty-six patients who suffered from rectal cancer and went on laparoscopic radical resection of rectal carcinoma in Peking University Shougang Hospital from Feb. 2015 to Mar. 2016 were included in the study. They were randomly divided into two groups. The 23 patients operated with the 3D system were compared with 23 patients operated with the 2D system by perioperative data...
September 22, 2017: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938681/high-mucin-5ac-expression-predicts-adverse-postoperative-recurrence-and-survival-of-patients-with-clear-cell-renal-cell-carcinoma
#10
Haijian Zhang, Yidong Liu, Huyang Xie, Weisi Liu, Qiang Fu, Dengfu Yao, Jiejie Xu, Jianxin Gu
BACKGROUND: Mucin 5AC (MUC5AC), as a member of secreted/gel-forming mucin family, was frequently found to be abnormally expressed in inflammation or malignant diseases. However, the clinic pathologic features and prognostic values of MUC5AC in clear-cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) have not been reported up to now. METHODS: MUC5AC expression was analyzed by immunohistochemistry on tissue microarrays. Kaplan-Meier survival curves, Univariate and Multivariate Cox analysis and newly-established nomogram model were performed to evaluate the prognostic value...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938653/overexpression-of-emt-inducing-transcription-factors-as-a-potential-poor-prognostic-factor-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-in-asian-populations-a-meta-analysis
#11
Tao Wan, Tianwei Zhang, Xiaoying Si, Yanming Zhou
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The clinical relevance of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) progression has been highlighted during the last decade. The zinc finger E-box binding homeobox (ZEB) family, the zinc-finger transcriptional repressor (SNAI) family, and the basic helix-loop-helix transcription factor (Twist) family, known as the prominent EMT-inducing transcription factors (EMT-TFs), played a crucial role in the process of EMT. Here, this meta-analysis aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of EMT-TFs high expression in patients with HCC after hepatectomy...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938638/prognostic-modeling-of-oral-cancer-by-gene-profiles-and-clinicopathological-co-variables
#12
Steven W Mes, Dennis Te Beest, Tito Poli, Silvia Rossi, Kathrin Scheckenbach, Wessel N van Wieringen, Arjen Brink, Nicoletta Bertani, Davide Lanfranco, Enrico M Silini, Paul J van Diest, Elisabeth Bloemena, C René Leemans, Mark A van de Wiel, Ruud H Brakenhoff
Accurate staging and outcome prediction is a major problem in clinical management of oral cancer patients, hampering high precision treatment and adjuvant therapy planning. Here, we have built and validated multivariable models that integrate gene signatures with clinical and pathological variables to improve staging and survival prediction of patients with oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Gene expression profiles from 249 human papillomavirus (HPV)-negative OSCCs were explored to identify a 22-gene lymph node metastasis signature (LNMsig) and a 40-gene overall survival signature (OSsig)...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938633/mir-543-promotes-colorectal-cancer-proliferation-and-metastasis-by-targeting-klf4
#13
Fangbing Zhai, Chunhong Cao, Liang Zhang, Jianhua Zhang
Till now, miR-543 expression has been demonstrated to be involved in the development of some cancers. However, reports about its expression and mechanism in colorectal cancer (CRC) were conflicting [1, 2]. Here, we investigated clinical implications of miR-543 and mechanisms underlying miR-543-mediated CRC development. In this study, real-time quantitative PCR (qRT-PCR) validated miR-543 was highly expressed in CRC samples and cell lines. MiR-543 was closely associated with tumor size, TNM stage and metastasis...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938537/mir-590-3p-promotes-proliferation-and-metastasis-of-colorectal-cancer-via-hippo-pathway
#14
Zhen-Qiang Sun, Ke Shi, Quan-Bo Zhou, Xiang-Yue Zeng, Jinbo Liu, Shuai-Xi Yang, Qi-San Wang, Zhen Li, Gui-Xian Wang, Jun-Min Song, Wei-Tang Yuan, Hai-Jiang Wang
Studies reported that miR-590-3p was involved in human cancer progression. However, its roles of oncogene or anti-oncogene in malignancies still remain elusive. This study was aimed to investigate the effect of miR-590-3p on the cell proliferation and metastasis via Hippo pathway in colorectal cancer (CRC). In our study, miR-590-3p was demonstrated highly expressed in CRC tissues, compared with adjacent normal tissues (P<0.05). In addition, miR-590-3p was positively associated with TNM stage and distant metastasis...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938271/the-t-now-matters-the-eighth-edition-of-the-union-for-international-cancer-control-classification-of-pancreatic-adenocarcinoma
#15
Thilo Welsch, Adrian Seifert, Benjamin Müssle, Marius Distler, Daniela E Aust, Jürgen Weitz
BACKGROUND: The new 8th edition of the Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) classification of TNM staging includes relevant changes for pancreatic cancer (PC). We report on the survival stratification of the new T and N stages. METHODS: The 8th edition TNM system was retrospectively applied to patients who underwent curative PC resection at our institution between 2005-2015. RESULTS: Some 256 patients were included. The postoperative TNM stage was pT3 in 96% of the cases according to the 7th edition of UICC staging...
September 21, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937022/yield-of-p53-expression-in-esophageal-squamous-cell-cancer-and-its-relationship-with-survival
#16
Tushar H Sankalecha, Sudhir J Gupta, Nitin R Gaikwad, Nikhil U Shirole, Harit G Kothari
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the most aggressive type of cancer. Mutation of tumor suppressor gene p53 is observed in many gastrointestinal malignancies including ESCC. The immunohistochemical protein expression of mutant p53 has been proposed as a potential tool to evaluate the biological behavior of ESCC. Predictive value of p53 for survival is debatable, hence this study was formulated to know the survival of patients with p53 expression in ESCC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We prospectively included 91 consecutive patients of ESCC from August 2014 to August 2016...
September 2017: Saudi Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Saudi Gastroenterology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935465/snhg16-indicates-a-poor-prognosis-and-affects-cell-proliferation-migration-and-invasion-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#17
Wei Han, Xuemei Du, Jing Wang, Lixin Sun, Yongchun Li
In this study, we report that long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) SNHG16 is upregulated in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) tissues, and is correlated with tumor size, TNM stage and lymph node metastasis. Kaplan-Meier analysis shows that the patients with high SNHG16 expression have poorer disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) than the patients with low SNHG16 expression. Multivariate Cox regression analysis reveals that SNHG16 expression could be regarded as an independent predictor for DFS and OS in NSCLC patients...
September 18, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935459/clinical-and-pathologic-features-of-clinically-occult-synchronous-bilateral-breast-cancers
#18
Lumarie Santiago, Gary Whitman, Cuiyan Wang, Basak E Dogan
PURPOSE: To investigate clinicopathologic breast cancer characteristics associated with the identification of synchronous bilateral breast cancer (SBBC) on dynamic contrast-enhanced breast magnetic resonance imaging. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of 311 consecutive patients newly diagnosed with breast cancer who underwent diagnostic mammography, ultrasonography, and dynamic contrast-enhanced breast magnetic resonance imaging (DCE-MRI) at our institution...
August 24, 2017: Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935368/ube2t-promotes-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cell-growth-via-ubiquitination-of-p53
#19
Li-Ping Liu, Mei Yang, Quan-Zhou Peng, Ming-Yue Li, Yu-Sen Zhang, Yue-Hua Guo, Yang Chen, Shi-Yun Bao
Deregulation of Ubiquitin-conjugating enzyme E2T (UBE2T) contributes to the progression of human cancers. However, its clinical significance and role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) remain unclear. Here, we show that UBE2T is up-regulated in HCC and exerts oncogenic activities via ubiquitination of p53. High UBE2T expression was correlated with higher pathological grade, advanced TNM stage, tumor vascular invasion, and poor overall and disease-free survivals in two independent cohorts containing 827 patients with HCC...
September 18, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935177/downregulation-of-foxp3-inhibits-cell-proliferation-and-enhances-chemosensitivity-to-cisplatin-in-human-lung-adenocarcinoma
#20
Chun Li, Liwei Sun, Rui Jiang, Peng Wang, Haogang Xue, Yudong Zhan, Xiaodong Gai
Our study aimed to investigate the biological role of FOXP3 expression in human lung adenocarcinoma (LAD) tissues and evaluate its involvement in cell proliferation and chemosensitivity to cisplatin in LAD cells. Paraffin-embedded tissues from 50 LAD patients were collected to detect FOXP3 and Ki-67 expression using immunohistochemistry (IHC). Downregulation of FOXP3 in A549 cells was performed using siRNA transfection. Real-time PCR or western blot assay was performed to analyze FOXP3 expression in A549 cells...
September 8, 2017: Pathology, Research and Practice
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