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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27127357/plateau-pattern-of-detrusor-contraction-a-surrogate-indicator-of-presence-of-external-sphincter-dysfunction-during-micturitional-phase-of-urodynamic-study
#1
Mayank Mohan Agarwal, Saurabh Jain, Ravimohan Mavuduru, Shrawan K Singh, Arup K Mandal
INTRODUCTION: Dysfunctional voiding results from a disturbance in the coordination between sphincter relaxation and detrusor contraction. Video urodynamic studies with electromyography (EMG) are used for diagnosis but have limitations of availability and interpretation. We identified a plateau type voiding detrusor pressure tracing pattern in these patients with a potential of helping diagnosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Urodynamic data and tracings of adult patients having been diagnosed with external urethral sphincter dysfunction (EUSD) were retrospectively analyzed...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25582902/decreasing-frequency-pattern-in-patients-with-clean-intermittent-catheterization-for-bladder-voiding-dysfunction
#2
José Emilio Batista-Miranda, Pablo Martínez, Anaïs Bassas-Parga
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate usefulness and morbidity of clean intermittent catheterization (CIC) using a decreasing pattern in patients with bladder voiding dysfunction (BVD) of varied etiology. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients with BVD in whom CIC was indicated. We evaluated the clinical presentation, post-void residual urine (PVR), results of the urodynamic studies (UDS), and response to CIC in a decreasing pattern, complications espeand patient adherence...
December 2014: Archivos Españoles de Urología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23841248/dysfunctional-voiding-in-adults
#3
REVIEW
Miki Haifler, Kobi Stav
Dysfunctional voiding is characterized by an intermittent and/or fluctuating flow rate due to involuntary intermittent contractions of the periurethral striated or levator muscles during voiding in neurologically normal women (International Continence Society definition). Due to the variable etiology, the diagnosis and treatment of DV is problematic. Frequently, the diagnosis is done at a late stage mainly due to non-specific symptoms and lack of awareness. The objectives of treatment are to normalize micturition patterns and prevent complications such as renal failure and recurrent infections...
May 2013: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21855940/urinary-retention-after-orthotopic-neobladder-substitution-in-females
#4
David S Finley, Una Lee, Diana McDonough, Shlomo Raz, Jean deKernion
PURPOSE: Urinary retention is a common complication after orthotopic neobladder urinary diversion. We reviewed a case series of women who underwent neobladder creation and discuss anatomical findings, and urinary retention etiology and prevention. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of all orthotopic neobladder urinary diversions in female patients performed at our institution from 1999 through 2010. We abstracted baseline clinical and demographic characteristics, operative information, and postoperative clinical, urodynamic, imaging and secondary procedure followup...
October 2011: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17869054/the-s-shaped-orthotopic-ileal-neobladder-substitute-incorporating-a-new-seromuscular-antireflux-technique-split-ileal-end-in-a-series-of-50-patients
#5
A Denewer, A Steit, O Hussein, S Roshdy, O Farouk
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the function of our new technique, complications, continence, voiding patterns in those patients with the clinical evaluation of the S-shaped orthotopic ileal neobladder substitute incorporating a new antireflux technique. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Between April 2002 and November 2006, 50 patients (44 men and 6 women) underwent radical cystectomy and S-shaped ileal neobladder reconstruction with our new antireflux technique (split seromuscular)...
January 2008: European Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17445652/lower-urinary-tract-symptoms-and-uroflowmetry-in-women-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-with-and-without-bladder-dysfunction
#6
Wei-Chia Lee, Chia-Ching Wu, Huey-Peir Wu, Tong-Yuan Tai
OBJECTIVES: To study the presence of lower urinary tract symptoms and parameters of uroflowmetry in women with type 2 diabetes mellitus with and without bladder dysfunction versus healthy controls. METHODS: After eliminating the possible confounders that might cause bladder dysfunction, 182 female patients at a diabetic clinic were evaluated by the American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUA-SI) questionnaire and uroflowmetry with postvoid residual (PVR) urine volume estimate...
April 2007: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15875237/complications-associated-with-the-tension-free-vaginal-tape-procedure-the-korean-experience
#7
Jae-Seung Paick, Ja Hyeon Ku, Jae Wook Shin, Seung-June Oh, Soo Woong Kim
The object was to assess the incidence of complications in patients who had undergone the tension-free vaginal tape procedure and their management. A total of 274 women 28-80 years old (mean: 55.1) with a minimum follow-up of 6 months were included in the study. Follow-up evaluation included questionnaire assessment, physical examination with a stress test, uroflowmetry and postvoid residual urine measurement. Bladder perforations were noted in 13 (4.7%). Thirty-eight patients (13.9%) had postvoid residual urine volume >100 ml twice consecutively or failed to void...
May 2005: International Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/15787326/clinical-efficacy-of-distigmine-bromide-in-the-treatment-of-patients-with-underactive-detrusor
#8
Dimitrios A Bougas, Iraklis C Mitsogiannis, Dionisios N Mitropoulos, Gerasimos C Kollaitis, Efrem N Serafetinides, Aris M Giannopoulos
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to assess the clinical efficacy of distigmine bromide, an anticholinesterase agent, deemed to improve detrusor function thereby restoring normal voiding patterns in patients suffering from detrusor underactivity. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 27 patients (11 men and 16 women) with poor detrusor function were included in the study. The diagnosis was established using pressure-flow studies. All patients received distigmine bromide at a dose of 5 mg three times daily for 4 weeks and re-attended for a follow-up urodynamic investigation...
2004: International Urology and Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/12745570/a-prospective-study-of-the-contribution-of-uroflowmetry-in-urodynamic-investigation
#9
B A Onyeka
The definition and grading of voiding problems in women with lower urinary tract symptoms varies. Using various diagnostic criteria, a prevalence ranging from 6.6% to 20% has been quoted (Groutz et al., 2000; Lemack et al., 2000). Diagnosis often depends on a combination of history, free-flow uroflowmetry (FFU) and pressure flow studies (PFS). As most bladder neck operations can induce voiding problems or exacerbate an already existing voiding problem, the need to establish the voiding status of women before bladder neck operation is vital...
March 2003: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11919459/relation-between-volume-of-residual-urine-and-urodynamic-findings-in-women-with-cystourethrocele
#10
Carlo Vecchioli Scaldazza
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relation between post-voiding residual urine (PVR) and urodynamic findings, voiding patterns, and the degree of prolapse in women with cystourethrocele. PATIENTS AND METHODS: According to the average PVR value measured by means of catheterization after three separate and spontaneous micturitions, 73 women with minimal urethral hypermobility (n = 8) or colpocystocele (n = 65) were subdivided into 3 groups: group 1 = patients with a PVR of < or =50 ml; group 2 = patients with a PVR of >50 ml and < or =150 ml, and group 3 = patients with a PVR of >150 ml and < or =500 ml...
2002: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11385692/learned-voiding-dysfunction-non-neurogenic-neurogenic-bladder-among-adults
#11
A Groutz, J G Blaivas, C Pies, A M Sassone
Data concerning learned voiding dysfunction (Hinman syndrome; non-neurogenic, neurogenic bladder) in adults are scarce. The present study was conducted to assess the pre-valence and clinical characteristics of this dysfunction among adults referred for evaluation of lower urinary tract symptoms. Learned voiding dysfunction was suggested by a characteristic clinical history and intermittent "free" uroflow pattern and by the absence of any detectable neurological abnormality or anatomic urethral obstruction. A definitive diagnosis was made by the demonstration of typical external urethral sphincter contractions during micturition by EMG or fluoroscopy...
2001: Neurourology and Urodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11295405/recurrent-urinary-tract-infection-in-women
#12
REVIEW
T M Hooton
Recurrent urinary tract infections (UTI) are common among young healthy women even though they generally have anatomically and physiologically normal urinary tracts. Women with recurrent UTI have an increased susceptibility to vaginal colonization with uropathogens, which is due to a greater propensity for uropathogenic coliforms to adhere to uroepithelial cells. Risk factors for recurrent UTI include sexual intercourse, use of spermicidal products, having a first UTI at an early age, and having a maternal history of UTIs...
April 2001: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/11131310/voiding-dysfunction-in-the-orthotopic-neobladder
#13
REVIEW
W D Steers
The orthotopic neobladder has become the preferred method of handling the urinary tract after removal of the bladder in men and women. However, an improved quality of life compared to urinary diversion fails to be realized when voiding dysfunction arises. These difficulties with urination range from retention to incontinence. Voiding dysfunction following neobladder construction that persists beyond 6-12 months warrants fluoro-urodynamic evaluation to determine the cause and plan therapy. Although colonic, ileocolonic, gastric, and ileal neobladders have all been deemed acceptable, the S or W-configured, spheroidal shaped neobladders created from ileum are the most popular...
October 2000: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10840435/detrusor-pressure-uroflowmetry-studies-in-women-effect-of-a-7fr-transurethral-catheter
#14
A Groutz, J G Blaivas, A M Sassone
PURPOSE: We evaluated whether a 7Fr transurethral catheter affects urinary flow in women undergoing pressure flow studies for voiding symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We reviewed a urodynamic database of 600 consecutive women referred for the evaluation of voiding symptoms. Before urodynamics all patients voided privately using a standard toilet and free flow was recorded. Urodynamics were performed using a 7Fr double lumen transurethral catheter. At functional bladder capacity patients were asked to void in the sitting position and pressure flow studies were performed...
July 2000: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10751867/sigmoid-neobladder-in-women-after-radical-cystectomy
#15
M Fujisawa, A Gotoh, S Miyazaki, I Nakamura, I Hara, H Okada, S Arakawa, S Kamidono
PURPOSE: Neobladder reconstruction using an intestinal segment is the common procedure of choice in men after cystectomy. Recently this procedure has been extended to women. We present our surgical and functional experience with the sigmoid neobladder in women. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 11 women 49 to 74 years old (mean age plus or minus standard deviation 60 +/- 8.5) with transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder underwent lower urinary tract reconstruction with a modified sigmoid neobladder after nerve and urethral support sparing cystectomy...
May 2000: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10443723/prevalence-and-characteristics-of-voiding-difficulties-in-women-are-subjective-symptoms-substantiated-by-objective-urodynamic-data
#16
A Groutz, D Gordon, J B Lessing, I Wolman, A Jaffa, M P David
OBJECTIVES: To examine the prevalence and characteristics of voiding difficulties in women. METHODS: Two hundred six consecutive female patients who attended a urogynecology clinic were recruited. Patients were interviewed regarding the presence and severity of symptoms that would suggest voiding difficulties (ie, hesitancy, straining to void, weak or prolonged stream, intermittent stream, double voiding, incomplete emptying, reduction, and positional changes to start or complete voiding)...
August 1999: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/10414725/voiding-function-of-orthotopic-ileal-neobladder-in-women
#17
Y Arai, K Okubo, T Konami, S Kin, T Kanba, T Okabe, A Hamaguchi, Y Okada
OBJECTIVES: Although the advent of orthotopic lower urinary reconstruction in women is a major achievement in the evolution of urinary diversion, the mechanism of voiding dysfunction remains incompletely understood. We report on the voiding function of ileal neobladder in 12 female patients. METHODS: A neobladder was constructed using an ileal segment. Voiding function was evaluated in terms of voiding pattern and continence. Chain cystography was performed postoperatively to detect the existence of urethral angulation...
July 1999: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9457288/morbidity-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-orthotopic-and-heterotopic-continent-urinary-diversion
#18
P C Weijerman, J R Schurmans, W C Hop, F H Schröder, J L Bosch
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate morbidity and quality of life (QOL) in patients with continent urinary diversion. METHODS: Morbidity and neobladder function were analyzed in 56 consecutive patients with bladder substitutions. QOL assessment was performed using the Sickness Impact Profile (SIP), supplemented with a detailed voiding and continence questionnaire. RESULTS: Mean age was 44.7 years. Mean follow-up was 41 months. Thirty-one men and 25 women were treated for transitional cell carcinoma (n = 22) or benign conditions (n = 34)...
January 1998: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/9224311/orthotopic-lower-urinary-tract-reconstruction-in-women-using-the-kock-ileal-neobladder-updated-experience-in-34-patients
#19
J P Stein, G D Grossfeld, J A Freeman, D Esrig, D A Ginsberg, R J Cote, E C Skinner, S D Boyd, G Lieskovsky, D G Skinner
PURPOSE: Orthotopic lower urinary tract reconstruction has revolutionized urinary diversion following cystectomy. Initially performed solely in male patients, orthotopic diversion has now become a viable option in women. Currently, the orthotopic neobladder is the diversion of choice for women requiring lower urinary tract reconstruction at our institution. We evaluate and update our clinical and functional experience with orthotopic reconstruction in female patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since June 1990, 34 women 31 to 86 years old (median age 67) have undergone orthotopic lower urinary tract reconstruction following cystectomy...
August 1997: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/3625849/female-urethral-obstruction-after-marshall-marchetti-krantz-operation
#20
P E Zimmern, H R Hadley, G E Leach, S Raz
During the last 5 years 13 neurologically normal women were seen with urodynamically proved urethral obstruction after a Marshall-Marchetti-Krantz operation. These obstructed patients were treated by a simple transvaginal procedure consisting of complete urethrolysis followed by a needle urethrovesical resuspension procedure. Postoperatively, 12 patients experienced complete disappearance of the presenting symptoms, return to a normal voiding pattern and decreased residuals of urine to less than 50 cc. The remaining patient, although urodynamically unobstructed, had to remain on intermittent catheterization...
September 1987: Journal of Urology
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