Read by QxMD icon Read

Breast Cancer stem cell

Mitsuru Futakuchi, Takao Nitanda, Saeko Ando, Harutoshi Matsumoto, Eri Yoshimoto, Katsumi Fukamachi, Masumi Suzui
BACKGROUND: We examined the effects of recombinant human osteoclastogenesis inhibitory factor (hOCIF) on osteolysis, proliferation of mammary tumor cells, and induction of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in the tumor-bone and tumor-subcutaneous microenvironments (TB- and TS-microE). METHODS: Mouse mammary tumor cells were transplanted onto the calvaria or into a subcutaneous lesion of female mice, creating a TB-microE and a TS-microE, and the mice were then treated with hOCIF...
March 16, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Minle Li, Keyu Gao, Laili Chu, Junnian Zheng, Jing Yang
Aurora kinase A (Aurora-A), a member of the Aurora family of serine/threonine kinases, plays a critical role in multiple steps of mitotic progression, including microtubule stability during the G1 phase of the cell cycle, chromosome alignment and segregation, and cytokinesis and is aberrantly expressed in various types of human cancers. In addition to its classic functions, recent studies have indicated that Aurora-A is critical for controlling self-renewal of embryonic stem cells through negative regulation of p53...
March 12, 2018: International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
Jia-Ming Zhang, Kai Wei, Ming Jiang
BACKGROUND: Octamer-binding transcription factor 4 (OCT4) and SRY (sex determining region Y)-box 2 (SOX2) are common biomarkers of cancer stem cells, which contribute to the pathological processes of several carcinomas, while little is known about the effects of OCT4 and SOX2 on the prognosis of triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC). The purpose was to evaluate the correlation of tumor tissue OCT4 and SOX2 expressions with clinicopathological features and overall survival (OS) in surgical TNBC patients...
March 13, 2018: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
Przemysław Janas, Iwona Kucybała, Małgorzata Radoń-Pokracka, Hubert Huras
Telocytes are emerging cell population localized in the stroma of numerous organs, characterized by a distinctive morphology - small cell body with very long, slender prolongations, termed telopodes. Those cells can be found in the whole female reproductive system: in the vagina, uterus, oviducts and ovaries, mammary glands and also in the placenta. In our review, we aim at complete and transparent revision of the current knowledge of telocytes' localization and function, enriched by the analysis of the possible future direction of development of their clinical applications...
March 13, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
Hidejiro Torigoe, Kazuhiko Shien, Tatsuaki Takeda, Takahiro Yoshioka, Kei Namba, Hiroki Sato, Ken Suzawa, Hiromasa Yamamoto, Junichi Soh, Masakiyo Sakaguchi, Shuta Tomida, Kazunori Tsukuda, Shinichiro Miyoshi, Shinichi Toyooka
Human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2) plays an important role in the pathogenesis of various cancers. HER2 alterations have been suggested to be a therapeutic target in non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), just as in breast and gastric cancers. We previously reported that the pan-HER inhibitor afatinib could be a useful therapeutic agent as HER2-targeted therapy for patients with NSCLC harboring HER2 alterations. However, acquired resistance to afatinib was observed in the clinical setting, similar to the case for other HER inhibitors...
March 13, 2018: Cancer Science
Jing Liu, Jia-Xin Shen, De He, Guo-Jun Zhang
PURPOSE: Dysregulation of microRNAs (miRNAs) are not only involved in the formation of malignant tumors but also in the processes of differentiation and aggressiveness. However, current methods for detecting miRNA expression have major disadvantages, such as being invasive and non-reproducible. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been implicated as a pivotal event in the metastasis, stemness, and chemoresistance of malignant tumors. PROCEDURES: In our study, we constructed a new reporter gene, Luc2/tdT_miR200c_3TS, to examine the in vitro and in vivo expression of miR-200c, an EMT-associated miRNA...
March 12, 2018: Molecular Imaging and Biology: MIB: the Official Publication of the Academy of Molecular Imaging
Gunjan Mandal, Subir Biswas, Sougata Roy Chowdhury, Annesha Chatterjee, Suman Purohit, Poulomi Khamaru, Sayan Chakraborty, Palash Kumar Mandal, Arnab Gupta, Jo-Anne de la Mare, Adrienne Lesley Edkins, Arindam Bhattacharyya
The multifunctional cytokine TGF-β crucially participates in breast cancer (BCa) metastasis and works differently in the disease stages, thus contributing in BCa progression. We address connections between TGF-β and the stem cell-related transcription factor (TF) Oct4 in BCa. In 147 BCa patients with infiltrating duct carcinoma, we identified a significantly higher number of cases with both moderate/high Oct4 expression and high TGF-β in late stages compared to early stages of the disease. In vitro studies showed that TGF-β elevated Oct4 expression, which in turn, regulated Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal transition (EMT)-regulatory gene (Snail and Slug) expression, migratory ability, chemotactic invasiveness and extracellular matrix (ECM) degradation potential of BCa cells...
March 8, 2018: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Rafidah Ahmad, I Sahidin, Muhammad Taher, ChenFei Low, Normah Mohd Noor, Chanin Sillapachaiyaporn, Siriporn Chuchawankul, Tewarit Sarachana, Tewin Tencomnao, Faizah Iskandar, Nor Fadilah Rajab, Syarul Nataqain Baharum
Polygonumins A, a new compound, was isolated from the stem of Polygonum minus. Based on NMR results, the compound's structure is identical to that of vanicoside A, comprising four phenylpropanoid ester units and a sucrose unit. The structure differences were located at C-3″″'. The cytotoxic activity of polygonumins A was evaluated on several cancer cell lines by a cell viability assay using tetrazolium dye 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide (MTT). The compound showed the highest antiproliferative (p < 0...
March 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
Vittoria Poli, Luca Fagnocchi, Alessandra Fasciani, Alessandro Cherubini, Stefania Mazzoleni, Sara Ferrillo, Annarita Miluzio, Gabriella Gaudioso, Valentina Vaira, Alice Turdo, Miriam Giaggianesi, Aurora Chinnici, Elisa Lipari, Silvio Bicciato, Silvano Bosari, Matilde Todaro, Alessio Zippo
Breast cancer consists of highly heterogeneous tumors, whose cell of origin and driver oncogenes are difficult to be uniquely defined. Here we report that MYC acts as tumor reprogramming factor in mammary epithelial cells by inducing an alternative epigenetic program, which triggers loss of cell identity and activation of oncogenic pathways. Overexpression of MYC induces transcriptional repression of lineage-specifying transcription factors, causing decommissioning of luminal-specific enhancers. MYC-driven dedifferentiation supports the onset of a stem cell-like state by inducing the activation of de novo enhancers, which drive the transcriptional activation of oncogenic pathways...
March 9, 2018: Nature Communications
Sergio Rivas, Carla Gómez-Oro, Inés M Antón, Francisco Wandosell
The cancer stem cell (CSC) hypothesis suggests that tumours are maintained by a subpopulation of cells with stem cell properties. Although the existence of CSCs was initially described in human leukaemia, less evidence exists for CSCs in solid tumours. Recently, a CD133+ cell subpopulation was isolated from human brain tumoursexhibiting stem cell properties in vitro as well as the capacity to initiate tumours in vivo. In the present work, we try to summarize the data showing that some elements of the Phosphoinositide 3-kinase Class I (PI3K)/ Thymoma viral oncogene protein kinase (Akt) pathway, such the activity of PI3K Class I or Akt2, are necessary to maintain the CSC-like phenotype as well as survival of CSCs (also denoted as tumour-initiating cells (TICs))...
March 7, 2018: Biomedicines
Leila Farahmand, Rezvan Esmaeili, Leila Eini, Keivan Majidzadeh-A
Purpose: Bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have the potential ability to differentiate into bone, muscle, fat, and cartilage lineage cells. Furthermore, MSCs are known to migrate into tumor-associated stroma of cancer. This tumor microenvironment consists of a dynamic network of growth factors, immune cells, fibroblasts, extracellular matrix, and MSCs. MSCs as nonhematopoietic stem cells affect tumor, epithelial cells by alteration proliferative capacity, morphology, and aggregation pattern of tumor cells...
January 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Liga Saulite, Karlis Pleiko, Ineta Popena, Dominyka Dapkute, Ricardas Rotomskis, Una Riekstina
We created a 3D cell co-culture model by combining nanoengineered mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) with the metastatic breast cancer cell line MDA-MD-231 and primary breast cancer cell line MCF7 to explore the transfer of quantum dots (QDs) to cancer cells. First, the optimal conditions for high-content QD loading in MSCs were established. Then, QD uptake in breast cancer cells was assessed after 24 h in a 3D co-culture with nanoengineered MSCs. We found that incubation of MSCs with QDs in a serum-free medium provided the best accumulation results...
2018: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
Leila Farahmand, Sepideh Mansouri, Narges Jafarbeik-Iravani, Azin Teymourzadeh, Keivan Majidzadeh-A
BACKGROUND: Tamoxifen is widely administered for patients with estrogen receptor-positive breast cancer. Despite many metastatic cancer patients benefiting from Tamoxifen as an effective anti-hormonal agent in adjuvant therapy, a noticeable number of patients tend to develop resistance. As a result, forming effective approaches in the successful treatment of Tamoxifen resistance in relation to breast cancer requires a comprehensive understanding of the complex signaling pathways and their underlying crosstalks involved...
March 5, 2018: Recent Patents on Anti-cancer Drug Discovery
Yunhee Cho, Hyeok Gu Kang, Seok-Jun Kim, Seul Lee, Sujin Jee, Sung Gwe Ahn, Min Jueng Kang, Joon Seon Song, Joon-Yong Chung, Eugene C Yi, Kyung-Hee Chun
Recurrence and drug resistance of breast cancer are still the main reasons for breast cancer-associated deaths. Cancer stem cell (CSC) model has been proposed as a hypothesis for the lethality of breast cancer. Molecular mechanisms underlying CSC maintenance are still unclear. In this study, we generated mammospheres derived from breast cancer MDA-MB231 cells and MCF7 cells to enrich CSCs and performed DNA microarray analysis. We found that the expression of carboxy terminus of HSP70-interacting protein (CHIP) E3 ubiquitin ligase was significantly downregulated in breast CSCs...
March 6, 2018: Cell Death and Differentiation
Hoon Kim, Qun Lin, Peter M Glazer, Zhong Yun
BACKGROUND: Tumor hypoxia is an independent prognostic factor associated with poor patient survival. Emerging evidence suggests that hypoxia can potentially maintain or enhance the stem cell phenotype of both normal stem cells and cancer cells. However, it remains to be determined whether cell fate is regulated in vivo by the hypoxic tumor microenvironment (TME). METHODS: We established a hypoxia-sensing xenograft model to identify hypoxic tumor cell in vivo primarily using human breast cancer cell lines MDA-MB-231 and MCF7...
March 6, 2018: Breast Cancer Research: BCR
Yanmei Zou, Yuandong Chen, Shuo Yao, Guangrui Deng, Dian Liu, Xun Yuan, Shunfang Liu, Jie Rao, Huihua Xiong, Xianglin Yuan, Shiying Yu, Feng Zhu, Yihua Wang, Hua Xiong
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated miR-422a and PLP2 expressions in breast cancer cells and breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs). Besides, their influences on polymorphism changes were observed. METHODS: Flow cytometry and fluorescence-activated cell sorting was performed and CD24- /CD44+ cells were sorted from breast cancer cells and recognized as BCSCs. Microarray was applied to search for the differentially expressed miRNAs and mRNAs between MCF7 and BCSCs. The aberrant expression of miR-422a and PLP2 was further confirmed by RT-qPCR and the direct targeted relationship was verified by dual-luciferase reporter assay...
March 6, 2018: Cancer Biology & Therapy
Ye Liu, Mei Yuan, Chao Wu, Tianhui Zhu, Wei Sun
Breast cancer is the most common invasive cancer in women worldwide, and can be subdivided into Luminal A, Luminal B, Her2, and Basal subtype (the PAM50 subtyping system). The lmo2 gene was traditionally recognized as a proto-oncogene in hematopoietic system but its functions in breast cancers remained largely unclear. Based on the Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) breast cancer dataset, herein we found that the significantly LMO2-correlated genes in normal or malignant samples were enriched in rather divergent cellular pathways, suggesting the function complexity of LMO2 in breast tissues...
February 6, 2018: Oncotarget
Liang Liu, Lin Yang, Wei Yan, Jing Zhai, Donald Pizzo, Peiguo Chu, Andrew R Chin, Meng Shen, Chuan Dong, Xianhui Ruan, Xiubao Ren, George Somlo, Shizhen Emily Wang
PURPOSE: Preoperative or neoadjuvant therapy (NT) is increasingly used in patients with locally advanced or inflammatory breast cancer (BC) to allow optimal surgery and aim for pathological response. However, many BCs are resistant or relapse after treatment. Here, we investigated conjunctive chemotherapy-triggered events occurring systemically and locally, potentially promoting a cancer stem-like cell (CSC) phenotype and contributing to tumor relapse. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: We started by comparing the effect of paired pre- and post-NT patient sera on the CSC properties of BC cells...
March 2, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Senthil K Muthuswamy
Organoids have tremendous promise for modeling human cancers and revealing new biological insights. Sachs et al. (2018), Seino et al. (2018) (in this issue of Cell Stem Cell), and Broutier et al. (2017) derive cancer organoids from breast, pancreas, and liver, respectively, not only reporting new methodologies but also showing their utility for translational and clinical cancer research.
March 1, 2018: Cell Stem Cell
Hong Ding, Wen Chao Lu, Jun Chi Hu, Yu-Chih Liu, Chen Hua Zhang, Fu Lin Lian, Nai Xia Zhang, Fan Wang Meng, Cheng Luo, Kai Xian Chen
SET7, serving as the only histone methyltransferase that monomethylates 'Lys-4' of histone H3, has been proved to function as a key regulator in diverse biological processes, such as cell proliferation, transcriptional network regulation in embryonic stem cell, cell cycle control, protein stability, heart morphogenesis and development. What's more, SET7 is involved inthe pathogenesis of alopecia aerate, breast cancer, tumor and cancer progression, atherosclerosis in human carotid plaques, chronic renal diseases, diabetes, obesity, ovarian cancer, prostate cancer, hepatocellular carcinoma, and pulmonary fibrosis...
March 2, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"