keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

antiemetic propofol

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27650295/a-randomized-double-blind-trial-evaluating-the-efficacy-of-palonosetron-with-total-intravenous-anesthesia-using-propofol-and-remifentanil-for-the-prevention-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-gynecologic-surgery
#1
Yun-Sic Bang, Young Uk Kim, Dawoon Oh, Eui Yong Shin, Soo Kyoung Park
PURPOSE: Palonosetron has potent and long-acting antiemetic effects for postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). The aim of this study was to prospectively evaluate the efficacy of palonosetron when used with total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) using propofol and remifentanil for the prevention of PONV in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery. METHODS: This prospective double-blind study comprised 100 female American Society of Anesthesiologist physical status I and II patients who were undergoing laparoscopic gynecologic surgery under TIVA...
September 20, 2016: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27454663/total-intravenous-anaesthesia-versus-single-drug-pharmacological-antiemetic-prophylaxis-in-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Maximilian S Schaefer, Peter Kranke, Stephanie Weibel, Robert Kreysing, Peter Kienbaum
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are among the most unfavourable anaesthetic outcomes attributed to the administration of inhaled anaesthetics. Accordingly, inhaled anaesthetics are frequently substituted by propofol when patients are at risk of PONV. As, on some occasions, inhalational anaesthesia may be favourable, the relative impact of propofol anaesthesia needs to be established based on robust data. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of a single-drug pharmacological prophylaxis with total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) for prevention of PONV...
October 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27295547/-ponv-after-strabismus-surgery-risk-adapted-prophylaxis
#3
R Wolf, E Morinello, G Kestler, B Käsmann-Kellner, M Bischoff, T Hager, J Schöpe, L H J Eberhart
BACKGROUND: Following strabismus surgery, patients frequently develop variable degrees of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). These symptoms cause discomfort and result in serious complications such as intramuscular bleeding and subconjunctival hemorrhage. In children long lasting PONV can lead to and electrolyte imbalance and dehydration. A prolonged course of recovery is the consequence. For the hospital, PONV can also involve negative economic impacts because of a damaged public reputation of the institution...
July 2016: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27282013/generation-z-adolescent-xenobiotic-abuse-in-the-21st-century
#4
REVIEW
William Eggleston, Christine Stork
NMDA receptor antagonists include the prescription medication ketamine, the illicit xenobiotics PCP, MXE, and other novel PCP analogs, and the OTC medication DXM. The NMDA receptor antagonist most commonly abused by adolescents in the United States is DXM. These xenobiotics cause dissociative effects by non-competitively inhibiting the action of glutamate at the NMDA receptor. Additionally, these agents modulate the actions of monoamine neurotransmitters, agonize opioid receptors, and inhibit nitric oxide synthase...
December 2015: Adolescent Medicine: State of the Art Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27004392/-a-case-of-psychogenic-tremor-during-awake-craniotomy
#5
Kazumasa Kujirai, Kotoe Kamata, Toshihiro Uno, Keiko Hamada, Makoto Ozaki
A 31-year-old woman with a left frontal and parietal brain tumor underwent awake craniotomy. Propofol/remifentanil general anesthesia was induced. Following craniotomy, anesthetic administrations ceased. The level of consciousness was sufficient and she was not agitated. However, the patient complained of nausea 70 minutes into the awake phase. Considering the adverse effects of antiemetics and the upcoming surgical strategy, we did not give any medications. Nausea disappeared spontaneously while the operation was suspended...
January 2016: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26966107/a-comparison-of-subhypnotic-doses-of-propofol-and-midazolam-during-spinal-anaesthesia-for-elective-caesarean-section
#6
Monika Danielak-Nowak, Ewa Musioł, Danuta Arct-Danielak, Izabela Duda, Karol Ludwik
BACKGROUND: This study compared two types of sedation in pregnant women receiving subarachnoid anaesthesia for elective Caesarean section. METHODS: This prospective randomised study included 56 women. Patients were sedated with propofol (PROP group, n = 27) or midazolam (MID group, n = 29) via intravenous infusion after extraction of the foetus. The following parameters were assessed at five-minute intervals: degree of sedation, heart rate, arterial pressure, ECG recording and arterial haemoglobin oxygen saturation...
2016: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26866433/impact-of-prophylactic-combination-of-dexamethasone-ondansetron-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-obese-adult-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-during-closed-loop-propofol-remifentanil-anaesthesia-a-randomised-double-blind-placebo-study
#7
Aurélien Bataille, Jacques-Florian Letourneulx, Alain Charmeau, Pascale Lemedioni, Philippe Léger, Thierry Chazot, Morgan Le Guen, Pierre Diemunsch, Marc Fischler, Ngai Liu
BACKGROUND: In obese patients, the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) following sleeve gastrectomy under titration of total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) and the relevance of risk factors to indicate prophylaxis is unknown. OBJECTIVES: The hypothesis was that after automated TIVA, prophylaxis reduces PONV following laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Our objective was to determine the incidence of PONV and evaluate the efficacy of dexamethasone and ondansetron as prophylaxis when automated intravenous anaesthesia is employed...
February 10, 2016: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26768924/effects-of-a-novel-method-of-anesthesia-combining-propofol-and-volatile-anesthesia-on-the-incidence-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-gynecological-surgery
#8
Hiroaki Kawano, Naohiro Ohshita, Kimiko Katome, Takako Kadota, Michiko Kinoshita, Yayoi Matsuoka, Yasuo M Tsutsumi, Shinji Kawahito, Katsuya Tanaka, Shuzo Oshita
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects of a novel method of anesthesia combining propofol and volatile anesthesia on the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecological surgery. METHODS: Patients were randomly divided into three groups: those maintained with sevoflurane (Group S, n=42), propofol (Group P, n=42), or combined propofol and sevoflurane (Group PS, n=42). We assessed complete response (no postoperative nausea and vomiting and no rescue antiemetic use), incidence of nausea and vomiting, nausea severity score, vomiting frequency, rescue antiemetic use, and postoperative pain at 2 and 24h after surgery...
January 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26658268/effect-of-total-intravenous-anaesthesia-and-prophylactic-ramosetron-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-after-thyroidectomy-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-study
#9
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Han Bum Joe, Sook Young Lee, Jin-Soo Kim, Hyuk Soo Chang, Yunyong Jeong, Haewon Jeong, Sung Yong Park
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of combined prophylactic ramosetron and total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV), compared with sevoflurane anaesthesia without prophylactic antiemetics, in female patients undergoing thyroidectomy. METHODS: Female patients were randomized between the sevoflurane group (anaesthesia maintained with sevoflurane) or TIVA + ramosetron group (TIVAR; 0.3 mg ramosetron just before anaesthesia induction, remifentanil and propofol anaesthesia)...
February 2016: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26550123/efficacy-of-dexmedetomidine-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#10
Xiao Liang, Miao Zhou, Jiao-Jiao Feng, Liang Wu, Shang-Ping Fang, Xin-Yu Ge, Hai-Jing Sun, Peng-Cheng Ren, Xin Lv
PURPOSE: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a frequent complication in postoperative period. The aim of the current meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of dexmedetomidine on PONV. METHODS: Two researchers independently searched PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The meta-analysis was performed with Review Manager. RESULTS: Eighty-two trials with 6,480 patients were included in this meta-analysis...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26437544/-the-interaction-of-low-dose-droperidol-propofol-and-sevoflurane-on-qtc-prolongation
#11
Tomomi Toyoda, Yoshiaki Terao, Makito Oji, Mai Okada, Hiroko Araki, Makoto Fukusaki
BACKGROUND: Droperidol is an effective antiemetic, but its use is limited because of the warning of drug-induced QT prolongation. Some reports showed that low-dose droperidol does not significantly probing QT interval. This study was aimed to determine the effect of low-dose droperidol (1.25 and 2.5 mg) on QTc interval, and the interaction among droperidol, propofol and sevoflurane. METHODS: Patients received either 1.25 mg (group L : n = 25) or 2.5 mg (group H : n = 25) droperidol, and fentanyl (3 μg x kg(-1)) was administered 2...
June 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26309498/efficacy-of-dexmedetomidine-on-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#12
Xiao Liang, Miao Zhou, Jiao-Jiao Feng, Liang Wu, Shang-Ping Fang, Xin-Yu Ge, Hai-Jing Sun, Peng-Cheng Ren, Xin Lv
PURPOSE: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a frequent complication in postoperative period. The aim of the current meta-analysis was to assess the efficacy of dexmedetomidine on PONV. METHODS: Two researchers independently searched PubMed, Embase and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials for randomized controlled trials (RCTs). The meta-analysis was performed with Review Manager. RESULTS: Eighty-two trials with 6,480 patients were included in this meta-analysis...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26308518/anaesthesia-for-the-paediatric-outpatient
#13
REVIEW
Martin Jöhr, Thomas M Berger
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this review was to discuss recent developments in paediatric anaesthesia, which are particularly relevant to the practitioner involved in paediatric outpatient anaesthesia. RECENT FINDINGS: The use of a pharmacological premedication is still a matter of debate. Several publications are focussing on nasal dexmedetomidine; however, its exact place has not yet been defined. Both inhalational and intravenous anaesthesia techniques still have their advocates; for diagnostic imaging, however, propofol is emerging as the agent of choice...
December 2015: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26079533/intra-and-postoperative-low-dose-ketamine-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
R Minoshima, S Kosugi, D Nishimura, N Ihara, H Seki, T Yamada, K Watanabe, N Katori, S Hashiguchi, H Morisaki
BACKGROUND: In this randomized controlled trial, we examined whether intra- and postoperative infusion of low-dose ketamine decreased postoperative morphine requirement and morphine-related adverse effects as nausea and vomiting after scoliosis surgery. METHODS: After IRB approval and informed consent, 36 patients, aged 10-19 years, undergoing posterior correction surgery for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, were randomly allocated into two groups: intra- and postoperative ketamine infusion at a rate of 2 μg/kg/min until 48 h after surgery (ketamine group, n = 17) or infusion of an equal volume of saline (placebo group, n = 19)...
November 2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25912730/remifentanil-versus-fentanyl-in-total-intravenous-anesthesia-for-lumbar-spine-surgery-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#15
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Berlet Thomas
STUDY OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare the speed of anesthetic recovery and the perioperative analgesic requirements in patients who received total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) with either remifentanil-propofol or fentanyl-propofol for lumbar spine surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Operating room, postanesthesia care unit, and general surgical ward. PATIENTS: One hundred six patients (53 in each group) with American Society of Anesthesiologists status I, II, or III who received either remifentanil-propofol TIVA or fentanyl-propofol TIVA for elective lumbar vertebral disc surgery...
August 2015: Journal of Clinical Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25896644/-effects-of-a-novel-method-of-anesthesia-combining-propofol-and-volatile-anesthesia-on-the-incidence-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-in-patients-undergoing-laparoscopic-gynecological-surgery
#16
Hiroaki Kawano, Naohiro Ohshita, Kimiko Katome, Takako Kadota, Michiko Kinoshita, Yayoi Matsuoka, Yasuo M Tsutsumi, Shinji Kawahito, Katsuya Tanaka, Shuzo Oshita
BACKGROUND: We investigated the effects of a novel method of anesthesia combining propofol and volatile anesthesia on the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting in patients undergoing laparoscopic gynecological surgery. METHODS: Patients were randomly divided into three groups: those maintained with sevoflurane (Group S; n = 42), propofol (Group P; n = 42), or combined propofol and sevoflurane (Group PS; n = 42). We assessed complete response (no postoperative nausea and vomiting and no rescue antiemetic use), incidence of nausea and vomiting, nausea severity score, vomiting frequency, rescue antiemetic use, and postoperative pain at 2 and 24h after surgery...
January 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25887095/effects-of-droperidol-and-ondansetron-on-dispersion-of-ventricular-repolarization-a-randomized-double-blind-clinical-study-in-anesthetized-adult-patients
#17
G L Agámez Medina, A González-Arévalo, J I Gómez-Arnau, S García del Valle, J A Rubio, E Esteban, E Pérez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Droperidol and ondansetron prolong QT interval, a circumstance that has raised some concerns regarding the possibility of inducing torsades de pointes (TdP). However drug-induced spatial dispersion of ventricular repolarization has been shown to be the principal arrhythmogenic substrate for TdP. The aim of this study is to explore the effects of droperidol and ondansetron on the dispersion of repolarization, measured using the T peak-to-end interval (Tp-e) and Tp-e/QT and Tp-e/RR(1/2) ratios in surgical anesthetized patients...
November 2015: Revista Española de Anestesiología y Reanimación
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25885989/comparison-of-recovery-profile-for-propofol-and-sevoflurane-anesthesia-in-cases-of-open-cholecystectomy
#18
Shiv Kumar Singh, Amit Kumar, Reena Mahajan, Surabhi Katyal, Sfurti Mann
OBJECTIVE: Sevoflurane and propofol are considered to be the agents of choice in surgeries of short duration due to their better recovery profile and few post-operative complications. This study was designed to compare the early recovery profile of sevoflurane and propofol anesthesia in patients undergoing open cholecystectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 60 patients of either sex with American Society of Anesthesiologists grade 1 and 2 scheduled for elective cholecystectomy were prospectively randomized into two groups...
September 2013: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25885496/a-randomized-study-to-compare-the-efficacy-of-two-intravenous-fluid-regimens-of-normal-saline-on-the-incidence-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting
#19
Ishwar Bhukal, N Srinivas, Sohan Lal Solanki, L N Yaddanapudi, Amit Jain
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of two different volume of crystalloid given intraoperatively on postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty adult patients of either sex belonging to ASA I and II class undergoing elective surgeries under general anesthesia for 1-2 h were studied in this prospective, randomized double blinded study. First group (group L) (n=40) received normal saline 4 mL/kg and second group (group H) (n=40) received 10 mL/kg of normal saline...
January 2012: Anesthesia, Essays and Researches
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25789261/prevention-of-postoperative-nausea-and-vomiting-with-a-subhypnotic-dose-of-propofol-in-patients-undergoing-lower-abdominal-surgery-a-prospective-randomized-double-blind-study
#20
Khosrou Naghibi, Parviz Kashefi, Hamed Azarnoush, Parisa Zabihi
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common complication after general anesthesia in patients undergoing elective lower abdominal surgery. We aimed to compare the effect of a sub hypnotic dose of Propofol in the prevention of PONV after lower abdominal surgery with that of the conventional antiemetic drug Metoclopramide. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study, 104 patients with American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class I or II status, aged 18-65 years, and undergoing elective lower abdominal surgery were randomized to one of four groups (n = 26 each)...
2015: Advanced Biomedical Research
keyword
keyword
82936
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"