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Robotic prostatectomy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222423/introduction-of-an-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-protocol-for-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#1
Motohiko Sugi, Tadashi Matsuda, Takashi Yoshida, Hisanori Taniguchi, Takao Mishima, Masaaki Yanishi, Yoshihiro Komai, Kaneki Yasuda, Hidefumi Kinoshita, Kenji Yoshida, Masato Watanabe
INTRODUCTION: No studies have shown whether the enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol is superior to the conventional protocol after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). We compared intestinal function and perioperative parameters of patients with prostate cancer after the ERAS and conventional protocols to determine the superior protocol for recovery of intestinal function. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 198 consecutive patients who underwent RALP between August 2013 and June 2015 was conducted...
February 17, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216277/comparison-of-oncologic-outcomes-and-complications-according-to-surgical-approach-to-radical-prostatectomy-special-focus-on-the-perineal-approach
#2
Wan Song, Joon Hyung Park, Hwang Gyun Jeon, Byong Chang Jeong, Seong Il Seo, Seong Soo Jeon, Hyun Moo Lee, Han Yong Choi
INTRODUCTION: The objective of the study was to compare oncologic outcomes and complications in patients with prostate cancer who underwent radical perineal prostatectomy (RPP), radical retropubic prostatectomy (RRP), laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP), or robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 2617 patients who underwent RPP (n = 673), RRP (n = 396), LRP (n = 223), or RARP (n = 1325) between 1995 and 2013...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214571/encountering-dropped-gallstones-during-robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#3
Lisa Brubaker, Michael Allgaeuer, Baris Turkbey, Peter Pinto, Abhinav Sidana
We describe a case of an unusual finding during robotic-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy and bilateral pelvic lymphadenectomy in a 66-year-old male with Stage IIb (T2c, N0, M0) prostate adenocarcinoma. During the operation, intraperitoneal examination of the rectovesical pouch revealed calcifications and stones which were subsequently identified as gallstones. While these stones were not noted initially on this patient's preoperative multiparametric MRI (mpMRI), a retrospective review demonstrated hypointense foci in the rectovesical pouch...
February 15, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194327/dysuria-an-uncommon-presentation-in-emergency-department-following-bladder-neck-disruption
#4
Ali Pourmand, Assya Abdallah, Hamid Shokoohi, Mindy Park, Marie White, Francis O'Connell
Prostate cancer is the most common life-threatening cancer diagnosed in men. Complications of prostatectomies vary and often include urinary incontinence, erectile dysfunction and pain, while other complications go unreported. While emergency physicians are already familiar with the more common post-operative complications presenting to their departments, including urinary retention, ileus, surgical site infections, venous thromboembolisms and urinary tract infections, they must have a high index of suspicion for rarer complications...
February 2017: Urology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190748/modified-frailty-index-associated-with-clavien-dindo-iv-complications-in-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomies-a-retrospective-study
#5
Isaiah Levy, Mark Finkelstein, Khawaja Hassan Bilal, Michael Palese
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of frailty on patient outcomes including any complication, Clavien-Dindo IV (CDIV) (intensive care unit-level) complications, and 30-day mortality for robotic-assisted radical prostatectomies (RARP) patients in comparison to other predictive indices using the modified frailty index (mFI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients undergoing RARP from 2008 to 2014 for a prostate cancer-related diagnosis were queried using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (ACS-NSQIP) database...
February 9, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28175930/-work-disability-after-robot-assisted-or-open-radical-prostatectomy
#6
M C Butea-Bocu, U Otto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28169123/-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-what-are-the-evidences-at-the-time-of-a-specific-funding
#7
J-A Long, G Poinas, G Fiard, M Leprêtre, C Delaitre-Bonnin, X Rébillard, J-L Descotes
INTRODUCTION: Despite a decreasing number of radical prostatectomies in France, the number of robot-assisted surgeries increases. The objective of this work is to assess the interest of robotic prostatectomy before asking a specific funding from health authorities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A systematic review of the literature on PubMed was performed. Prospective studies and meta-analyses comparing robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP), laparoscopic (LRP) and open surgery (OP) were selected...
February 3, 2017: Progrès en Urologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160111/anatomical-retzius-space-preservation-is-associated-with-lower-incidence-of-postoperative-inguinal-hernia-development-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#8
K D Chang, A Abdel Raheem, G D R Santok, L H C Kim, T G H Lum, S H Lee, W S Ham, Y D Choi, K H Rha
BACKGROUND: Postoperative inguinal hernia (IH) is a non-negligible sequelae with a wide array of rates after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RALP). Our aim was to evaluate the incidence and risk factors of postoperative IH development in men undergoing RALP. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of 839 patients "541 of conventional-RALP (C-RALP), and 298 of Retzius sparing-RALP (RS-RALP)" received treatment of prostate cancer between 2005 and 2016 and met with our inclusion criteria was performed...
February 3, 2017: Hernia: the Journal of Hernias and Abdominal Wall Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28157406/biomarker-molecular-and-technologic-advances-in-urologic-pathology-oncology-and-imaging
#9
Carla L Ellis, Lara R Harik, Cynthia Cohen, Adeboye O Osunkoya
Urologic pathology is evolving rapidly. Emerging trends include the expanded diagnostic utility of biomarkers and molecular testing, as well as adapting to the plethora of technical advances occurring in genitourinary oncology, surgical practice, and imaging. We illustrate those trends by highlighting our approach to the diagnostic workup of a few selected disease entities that pathologists may encounter, including newly recognized subtypes of renal cell carcinoma, pheochromocytoma, and prostate cancer, some of which harbor a distinctive chromosomal translocation, gene loss, or mutation...
February 3, 2017: Archives of Pathology & Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153509/re-defining-and-contextualizing-the-hospital-volume-outcome-relationship-for-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-implications-for-centralization-of-care
#10
Boris Gershman, Sarah K Meier, Molly M Jeffery, Daniel M Moreira, Matthew K Tollefson, Simon P Kim, R Jeffrey Karnes, Nilay D Shah
PURPOSE: Robotic-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) has undergone rapid dissemination, driven in part by market forces, to become the most frequently employed surgical approach in the management of prostate cancer. Accordingly, a critical analysis of its volume-outcome relationship has important health policy implications. We therefore evaluated the association of hospital RARP volume with perioperative outcomes, and examined the distribution of hospital RARP volumes to contextualize the volume-outcome relationship...
January 30, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130703/health-related-quality-of-life-after-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-compared-with-laparoscopic-radical-prostatectomy
#11
Hiroyuki Koike, Yasuo Kohjimoto, Akinori Iba, Kazuro Kikkawa, Shimpei Yamashita, Takashi Iguchi, Nagahide Matsumura, Isao Hara
The objective of this study is to compare the quality of life (QOL) outcomes between laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (LRP) and robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP). Between July 2007 and July 2013, 229 patients with localized prostate cancer underwent LRP while 105 patients with localized prostate cancer underwent RARP between December 2012 and August 2014. We evaluated their QOL using the 8-item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-8) and Expanded Prostate Cancer Index of Prostate (EPIC) questionnaires at preoperative and at postoperative 3, 6 and 12 months...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128908/comparative-analysis-of-short-term-functional-outcomes-and-quality-of-life-in-a-prospective-series-of-brachytherapy-and-da-vinci-robotic-prostatectomy
#12
Cristina García-Sánchez, Ana A Román Martín, J Manuel Conde-Sánchez, C Belén Congregado-Ruíz, Ignacio Osman-García, Rafael A Medina-López
INTRODUCTION: There is a growing interest in achieving higher survival rates with the lowest morbidity in localized prostate cancer (PC) treatment. Consequently, minimally invasive techniques such as low-dose rate brachytherapy (BT) and robotic-assisted prostatectomy (RALP) have been developed and improved. Comparative analysis of functional outcomes and quality of life in a prospective series of 51BT and 42Da Vinci prostatectomies DV Materials and Methods: Comparative analysis of functional outcomes and quality of life in a prospective series of 93 patients with low-risk localized PC diagnosed in 2011...
January 27, 2017: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122393/reality-of-nerve-sparing-and-surgical-margins-in-surgeons-early-experience-with-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-in-japan
#13
Katsunori Tatsugami, Kunihiko Yoshioka, Ryoichi Shiroki, Masatoshi Eto, Yasushi Yoshino, Keiichi Tozawa, Satoshi Fukasawa, Masato Fujisawa, Atsushi Takenaka, Yasutomo Nasu, Akira Kashiwagi, Momokazu Gotoh, Toshiro Terachi
OBJECTIVE: To analyze nerve sparing performance at an early stage of robot-assisted radical prostatectomy, and the correlation between the surgeons' experience and the risk of a positive surgical margin in patients treated with robot-assisted radical prostatectomy. METHODS: Patients' records from January 2009 to March 2013 were retrospectively reviewed, and 3469 patients with localized prostate cancer were identified at 45 institutions. Individual surgeon's experience with nerve sparing was recorded as the number of nerve sparing cases among total robot-assisted radical prostatectomies beginning with the first case during which nerve sparing was carried out...
January 25, 2017: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28120135/extraperitoneal-vs-transperitoneal-robot-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-in-patients-with-a-history-of-prior-inguinal-hernia-repair-with-mesh
#14
David Horovitz, Changyong Feng, Edward M Messing, Jean V Joseph
Robot-assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) may be performed via an extraperitoneal (eRARP) or transperitoneal (tRARP) approach. There are no published studies comparing these two methods in patients with a history of prior inguinal hernia repair with mesh (IHRm), but the latter is often advocated in this setting. A retrospective review of patients who underwent RARP with prior IHRm who had a minimum follow-up of 3 months from July 1, 2003 to December 31, 2014 was undertaken. Of 2927 patients who underwent RARP for primary treatment of adenocarcinoma of the prostate, 286 patients had a clear history of IHRm...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117215/learning-curve-of-minimally-invasive-radical-prostatectomy-comprehensive-evaluation-and-cumulative-summation-analysis-of-oncological-outcomes
#15
Arjun Sivaraman, Rafael Sanchez-Salas, Dominique Prapotnich, Kaixin Yu, Fabien Olivier, Fernando P Secin, Eric Barret, Marc Galiano, François Rozet, Xavier Cathelineau
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to evaluate the learning curve of minimally invasive radical prostatectomy (MIRP) in our institution and analyze the salient learning curve transition points regarding oncological outcomes. METHODS: Clinical, pathologic, and oncological outcome data were collected from our prospectively collected MIRP database to estimate positive surgical margin (PSM) and biochemical recurrence (BCR) trends during a 15-year period from 1998 to 2013...
January 20, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28116739/robotic-or-open-radical-prostatectomy-in-men-with-previous-transurethral-resection-of-prostate
#16
Mahmoud Mustafa, John W Davis, Sacit Nuri Gorgel, Louis Pisters
PURPOSE: To assess and compare the surgical, oncological and functional outcomes of robotic and open radicalprostatectomy (RP) in patients with history of transurethral resection of prostate (TURP). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Total of 48 patients with mean ± SD age of 64.5 ± 6.0 years who had undergone TURPprior to RP were included. Thirty-one (64.58%) patients underwent robotic RP (group I) and 17 patients underwentopen RP (group II). Variables evaluated included demographic characteristics, perioperative complications, functionaland oncological outcomes...
January 18, 2017: Urology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28111893/robot-assisted-partial-prostatectomy-for-anterior-cancer-a-step-by-step-guide
#17
Arnauld Villers, Vincent Flamand, Rodriguez Arquimedes, Philippe Puech, Georges-Pascal Haber, Mihir M Desai, Sebastien Crouzet, Adil Ouzzane, Inderbir S Gill
OBJECTIVES: To describe a step-by-step guide for isolated MRI-detected anterior prostate cancer (APC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Following IRB approval, over an 8-year period, (2008-2015) 17 consenting patients were enrolled in a prospective, single-arm, single-center, IDEAL phase 2a study. Inclusion criteria comprised pre-urethral, low-intermediate risk APC diagnosed by MRI and targeted biopsies. Patient position and port placement were identical to transperitoneal robot-assited radical prostatectomy procedure...
January 23, 2017: BJU International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107408/effect-of-positive-end-expiratory-pressure-on-the-sonographic-optic-nerve-sheath-diameter-as-a-surrogate-for-intracranial-pressure-during-robot-assisted-laparoscopic-prostatectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Ji-Hyun Chin, Wook-Jong Kim, Joonho Lee, Yun A Han, Jinwook Lim, Jai-Hyun Hwang, Seong-Sik Cho, Young-Kug Kim
BACKGROUND: Positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) can increase intracranial pressure. Pneumoperitoneum and the Trendelenburg position are associated with an increased intracranial pressure. We investigated whether PEEP ventilation could additionally influence the sonographic optic nerve sheath diameter as a surrogate for intracranial pressure during pneumoperitoneum combined with the Trendelenburg position in patients undergoing robot-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy. METHODS: After anesthetic induction, 38 patients were randomly allocated to a low tidal volume ventilation (8 ml/kg) without PEEP group (zero end-expiratory pressure [ZEEP] group, n = 19) or low tidal volume ventilation with 8 cmH2O PEEP group (PEEP group, n = 19)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097262/lessons-learned-over-a-decade-of-pediatric-robotic-ureteral-reimplantation
#19
REVIEW
Minki Baek, Chester J Koh
The da Vinci robotic system has improved surgeon dexterity, ergonomics, and visualization to allow for a minimally invasive option for complex reconstructive procedures in children. Over the past decade, robot-assisted laparoscopic ureteral reimplantation (RALUR) has become a viable minimally invasive surgical option for pediatric vesicoureteral reflux (VUR). However, higher-than-expected complication rates and suboptimal reflux resolution rates at some centers have also been reported. The heterogeneity of surgical outcomes may arise from the inherent and underestimated complexity of the RALUR procedure that may justify its reclassification as a complex reconstructive procedure and especially for robotic surgeons early in their learning curve...
January 2017: Investigative and Clinical Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090523/understanding-the-roles-of-randomized-trials-for-robotic-prostatectomy
#20
EDITORIAL
Alexander P Cole, David F Friedlander, Quoc-Dien Trinh
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2016: Annals of Translational Medicine
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