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Cardiac anaesthesia, post cardiac surgery care

A Pym, E Ben-Menachem
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common and distressing problem for patients and increases the burden of care in post-anaesthesia care units (PACU). As such it has been a recent focus for quality improvement. Evidence-based guidelines have demonstrated the benefit of PONV risk stratification and prophylaxis, but may be underutilised in clinical practice. This prospective pre-/post-intervention study was conducted at an adult tertiary hospital in non-cardiac adult surgical patients at higher-risk of PONV...
March 2018: Anaesthesia and Intensive Care
G Dewinter, W Staelens, E Veef, A Teunkens, M Van de Velde, S Rex
BACKGROUND: Poor adherence to guidelines aimed at reducing the incidence of postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is well known. In a before-and-after study, we tested the effectiveness of a simplified algorithm for PONV prophylaxis on the incidence of PONV. METHODS: In the first audit, we examined the adherence to our institutional guidelines for PONV prevention. In response to the results of this audit, we introduced a simplified algorithm for PONV prevention [female patients receiving triple prophylaxis (dexamethasone and ondansetron plus either a target-controlled infusion with propofol or droperidol) and male patients receiving double prophylaxis, dexamethasone, and ondansetron]...
January 2018: British Journal of Anaesthesia
Maryann Street, Nicole M Phillips, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Bridie Kent
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate whether use of a discharge criteria tool for nursing assessment of patients in Post Anaesthesia Care Unit (PACU) would enhance nurses' recognition and response to patients at-risk of deterioration and improve patient outcomes. METHODS: A prospective non-randomised pre-post intervention study was conducted in three hospitals in Australia. Participants were adults undergoing elective surgery before (n=723) and after (n=694) implementation of the Post-Anaesthetic Care Tool (PACT)...
December 3, 2017: BMJ Open
Sulochana Dash, Sreelatha Balasubramanian
INTRODUCTION: Quality and safety in anaesthesia is usually monitored by analysis of perioperative mortality-morbidity and are influenced by anaesthetic and non-anaesthetic factors. AIM: This study was conducted to analyse the incidence of clinical indicators of quality in endotracheally intubated patients undergoing general abdominal surgeries and obstetric and gynaecological procedures under general anaesthesia and to determine contributing factors for the same...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Marit Habicher, Felix Balzer, Viktor Mezger, Jennifer Niclas, Michael Müller, Carsten Perka, Michael Krämer, Michael Sander
BACKGROUND: Several randomized controlled trials (RCTs) have demonstrated that intraoperative goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) can decrease postsurgical complications in patients undergoing major abdominal surgery. However, very few studies have demonstrated the value of goal-directed therapy (GDT) in patients undergoing orthopaedic surgery and confirmed it is as useful in real-life conditions. Therefore, we initiated a GDFT implementation programme in patients undergoing hip revision arthroplasty in order to assess its effects on postoperative complications (e...
2016: Perioperative Medicine
Christian GRAß, Federica Stretti, Waseem Zakhary, Edwin Turton, Sophia Sgouoropoulou, Meinhard Mende, Jörg Ender
BACKGROUND: Fast-track (FT) treatment in cardiac anesthesia is a state-of-the-art technique. The aim of our study was to compare FT treatment in a post-anesthetic care unit (PACU) with limited opening hours with a PACU opened for unlimited hours. Primary endpoints were extubation time (ET), length of stay (LOS) in PACU and LOS in intermediate care unit (IMC). Secondary endpoints were FT success/failure, hospital LOS, re-intubation and in hospital mortality. METHODS: At our institution, FT is usually managed in a PACU with limited opening hours from 10 a...
February 2017: Minerva Anestesiologica
M Franck, K Nerlich, B Neuner, P Schlattmann, W R Brockhaus, C D Spies, F M Radtke
BACKGROUND: Post-operative delirium and post-operative cognitive dysfunction (POCD) are both common but it has not been clarified how closely they are associated. We aimed to assess the possible relationship in a secondary analysis of data from the 'Surgery Depth of anaesthesia and Cognitive outcome'- study. METHODS: We included patients aged ≥ 60 years undergoing non-cardiac surgery planned for longer than 60 min. Delirium was assessed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders IV criteria in the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) as well as within the first week after surgery...
November 2016: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Akila Rajakumar, Shiwalika Gupta, Selvakumar Malleeswaran, Joy Varghese, Ilankumaran Kaliamoorthy, Mohamed Rela
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The perioperative management of patients presenting for simultaneous liver and kidney transplantation (SLKT) is a complex process. We analysed SLKTs performed in our institution to identify preoperative, intraoperative and post-operative challenges encountered in the management. METHODS: We retrospectively studied the case records of 12 patients who underwent SLKT between 2009 and 2014 and analysed details of pre-operative evaluation and optimisation, intraoperative anaesthetic management and the implications of use of perioperative continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) and the post-operative course of these patients...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
Na Zhao, Jin Xu, Balwinder Singh, Xuerong Yu, Taixiang Wu, Yuguang Huang
BACKGROUND: Cardiac complications are not uncommon in patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery, especially in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) or at high risk of CAD. Perioperative cardiac complications can lead to mortality and morbidity, as well as higher costs for patient care. Nitrates, which are among the most commonly used cardiovascular drugs, perform the function of decreasing cardiac preload while improving cardiac blood perfusion. Sometimes, nitrates are administered to patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery to reduce the incidence of cardiac complications, especially for patients with CAD...
August 4, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Luís Guimarães-Pereira, Maria Costa, Gabriela Sousa, Fernando Abelha
BACKGROUND: QoR-40, a 40-item questionnaire on quality of recovery from anaesthesia, has been shown to measure health status after surgery. Our aim was to evaluate the incidence of poor quality of recovery in our Post Anaesthesia Care Unit and to compare their QoR-40 scores before surgery and 3 months later. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in adult patients consecutively admitted from 18 June to 12 July 2012. The follow-up period was 3 months...
July 2016: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology
Chaoyi Qin, Jun Gu, Jia Hu, Hong Qian, Xu Fei, Yajiao Li, Ruiqi Liu, Wei Meng
BACKGROUND: Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) was reported as a pro-inflammatory agent. In our previous study, elevation of plasma mtDNA was revealed after cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB). Platelets were activated during the cardiac surgery and recent study revealed its ability to release mtDNA. Our present study postulated that the elevated plasma mtDNA comes from activated platelets, which plays a critical role in post-CPB inflammatory responses. METHODS: Sixty-eight patients who underwent coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) with CPB were enrolled in our study...
June 7, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Luís Guimarães-Pereira, Maria Costa, Gabriela Sousa, Fernando Abelha
BACKGROUND: QoR-40, a 40-item questionnaire on quality of recovery from anaesthesia, has been shown to measure health status after surgery. Our aim was to evaluate the incidence of poor quality of recovery in our Post Anaesthesia Care Unit and to compare their QoR-40 scores before surgery and 3 months later. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted in adult patients consecutively admitted from 18 June to 12 July 2012. The follow-up period was 3 months...
July 2016: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
S Khatiwada, B Bhattarai, K Pokharel, A Subedi
INTRODUCTION: Perioperative adverse events are more common in children compared to adult population. Reporting an adverse event proves effective in identifying problems and helps in prevention and early management. Our objective was to identify the types, incidence, and the time of occurrence of perioperative adverse event. We also aimed to find out whether the occurrence of the types of adverse events differ in children below and above five years. METHODS: This was a prospective study in 242, ASA Physical Status I and II children aged day one to 14 years, receiving general anesthesia with laryngeal mask airway for various elective surgeries...
April 2015: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
E E Lindholm, E Aune, I Seljeflot, J E Otterstad, K A Kirkebøen
BACKGROUND: Surgery induces inflammation and pro-inflammatory cytokines are associated with post-operative complications. In cardiac surgery, it has been shown that volatile anaesthetics have cardioprotective properties. We explored whether sevoflurane affects the pro-inflammatory response favourably compared with total intravenous anaesthesia (TIVA) after surgery. METHODS: We measured monocyte chemotactic protein 1 (MCP-1), matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9), C-reactive protein (CRP), vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1), interleukin (IL)-6 and IL-8 perioperatively and evaluated if the anaesthetic regimen affected these mediators...
July 2015: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Kerstin Bode, Ole-A Breithardt, Manuela Kreuzhuber, Meinhard Mende, Philipp Sommer, Sergio Richter, Michael Doering, Borislav Dinov, Sascha Rolf, Arash Arya, Nikos Dagres, Gerhard Hindricks, Andreas Bollmann
AIMS: Proper management of post-interventional pain relieves unwarranted patient distress and enhances patient satisfaction. There have been only a limited number of investigations into patient discomfort following electrophysiological interventions. This study aims to quantify pain after interventional procedures, including ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) or ventricular tachycardia (VT), as well as implant or explant of pacemakers or implantable cardioverter defibrillators. METHODS AND RESULTS: One-hundred and two consecutive patients (mean age 66 years, 70 men) were asked to quantify post-interventional pain on a numeric rating scale (NRS 0-10) every 2 h during a period of 24 h after their intervention (49 ablations in deep propofol sedation, 53 device surgeries in local anaesthesia with mepivacaine 1%) and to specify the type of pain...
July 2015: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
Michael T Ganter, Stephan Blumenthal, Seraina Dübendorfer, Simone Brunnschweiler, Tim Hofer, Richard Klaghofer, Andreas Zollinger, Christoph K Hofer
BACKGROUND: The benefit of the post-anaesthesia care unit (PACU) with respect to an early detection of postoperative complications is beyond dispute. From a patient perspective, prevention and optimal management of pain, nausea and vomiting (PONV) are also of utmost importance. The aims of the study were therefore to prospectively measure pain and PONV on arrival to the PACU and before discharge and to determine the relationship of pain and PONV to the length of stay in the PACU. METHODS: Postoperative pain was assessed over 30 months using a numeric rating scale on admittance to the PACU and before discharge; in addition, PONV was recorded...
2014: Perioperative Medicine
Mohammad-Hasan Abdollahi, Khalil Foruzan-Nia, Mostafa Behjati, Babak Bagheri, Mehdi Khanbabayi-Gol, Shahla Dareshiri, Alireza Pishgahi, Rafie Zarezadeh, Nazgol Lotfi-Naghsh, Ainaz Lotfi-Naghsh, Mohammad Naghavi-Behzad
BACKGROUND: Post-operative fever is a common complication of cardiac operations, which is known to be correlated with a greater degree of cognitive dysfunction 6 weeks after cardiac surgery. The aim of the present study was to examine efficacy and safety of single dose intravenous Paracetamol in treatment of post-operative fever in children undergoing cardiac surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial, 80 children, aged 1-12 years, presenting for open heart surgery were entered in the trial and randomly allocated into two groups: Placebo and Paracetamol...
September 2014: Nigerian Medical Journal: Journal of the Nigeria Medical Association
Christoph Kerscher, Michael Ried, Hans-Stefan Hofmann, Bernhard M Graf, York A Zausig
BACKGROUND: Macroscopic cytoreductive surgery and hyperthermic intrathoracic chemotherapy perfusion (HITHOC) is a new multimodal approach for selected patients with primary and secondary pleural tumors, which may provide the patient with better local tumor control and increased overall survival rate. METHODS: We present a single-center study including 20 patients undergoing cytoreductive surgery and HITHOC between September 2008 and April 2013 at the University Medical Center Regensburg, Germany...
2014: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Carsten Thee, Christoph Ilies, Matthias Gruenewald, Andrea Kleinschmidt, Markus Steinfath, Berthold Bein
BACKGROUND: Postoperative pain control is essential and may have a beneficial effect on postoperative outcome and morbidity. Analgesia quality is controlled using tools such as a Numerical Rating Scale (NRS). These tools require cooperation and often fail in the presence of reduced awareness. The Surgical Pleth index (SPI) has been introduced as a monitoring tool for intraoperative pain under general anaesthesia. OBJECTIVE: We investigated the correlation between SPI and pain intensity, analgesic consumption and fitness for discharge in the postanaesthesia care unit...
January 2015: European Journal of Anaesthesiology
Joachim Erb, Torsten Beutlhauser, Aarne Feldheiser, Birgit Schuster, Sascha Treskatsch, Herko Grubitzsch, Claudia Spies
OBJECTIVES: Levosimendan is an inotropic drug with organ-protective properties due to its activation of mitochondrial K(ATP) channels. This prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study investigated whether administration of levosimendan prior to cardiopulmonary bypass could reduce organ dysfunction and influence subsequent secondary endpoints. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients with left ventricular ejection fraction <30% scheduled for elective coronary artery bypass surgery (with or without valve surgery) received either levosimendan (12...
June 2014: Journal of International Medical Research
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