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diabetes insipida

F Muñoz del Castillo, A Jurado Ramos, A De la Riva Aguilar, P López Villarejo
The advances in endoscopic instruments have eased the approach to the sellar region through the nasal cavity. We carry out an analysis of the surgical results on 20 patients that underwent surgery for sellar tumours through a transeptal-transphenoidal approach in the last 2 years in our hospital. The average was 45.6 years old, and 75% were females. 30% of cases were pituitary adenomas and another 30% acromegaly, 25% Cushing's disease and 10% prolactinomas. No complications were encountered during surgery being the most common postoperative complications, diabetes insipida in two cases (10%) and CSF leak in one case...
October 2003: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
Enric Domènech, Montse Gómez-Zaera, Virginia Nunes
Wolfram syndrome (WS) is an autosomal recessive neurodegenerative disorder characterised by early onset diabetes mellitus and progressive optic atrophy, as well as other clinical features such as deafness, diabetes insipida, renal tract abnormalities and diverse psychiatric illnesses. A gene responsible for WS was identified in 4p16.1 (WFS1). It encodes a putative 890 amino acid transmembrane protein expressed in a wide spectrum of tissues. Recently, a new locus for WS has been located on 4q22-24, providing additional evidence for the genetic heterogeneity of this syndrome...
July 2002: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
R Barrios Castellanos, J Argente Oliver, M Alonso Blanco, R Yturriaga Matarranz
Authors describe one case of Cushing's disease in a old eight-year boy, with growth deficiency, pubic hair and obesity. He had hypercortisolism unresponsive to dexamethasone suppression (1 mg). The more interesting fact for localization of the lesion was the more than 50% suppression with 8 mg of dexamethasone, while tomographic studies of sella turcicaland CAT were normal. A 3 mm microadenoma was removed at transsphenoidal surgery. After surgery the patient had diabetes insipida and adrenal insufficiency. One year later all endocrinologic studies were normal...
March 15, 1984: Anales Españoles de Pediatría
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