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chromosome conformation capture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685368/principles-of-chromosome-architecture-revealed-by-hi-c
#1
REVIEW
Kyle P Eagen
Chromosomes are folded and compacted in interphase nuclei, but the molecular basis of this folding is poorly understood. Chromosome conformation capture methods, such as Hi-C, combine chemical crosslinking of chromatin with fragmentation, DNA ligation, and high-throughput DNA sequencing to detect neighboring loci genome-wide. Hi-C has revealed the segregation of chromatin into active and inactive compartments and the folding of DNA into self-associating domains and loops. Depletion of CTCF, cohesin, or cohesin-associated proteins was recently shown to affect the majority of domains and loops in a manner that is consistent with a model of DNA folding through extrusion of chromatin loops...
April 20, 2018: Trends in Biochemical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674753/combining-fluorescence-imaging-with-hi-c-to-study-3d-genome-architecture-of-the-same-single-cell
#2
David Lando, Srinjan Basu, Tim J Stevens, Andy Riddell, Kai J Wohlfahrt, Yang Cao, Wayne Boucher, Martin Leeb, Liam P Atkinson, Steven F Lee, Brian Hendrich, Dave Klenerman, Ernest D Laue
Fluorescence imaging and chromosome conformation capture assays such as Hi-C are key tools for studying genome organization. However, traditionally, they have been carried out independently, making integration of the two types of data difficult to perform. By trapping individual cell nuclei inside a well of a 384-well glass-bottom plate with an agarose pad, we have established a protocol that allows both fluorescence imaging and Hi-C processing to be carried out on the same single cell. The protocol identifies 30,000-100,000 chromosome contacts per single haploid genome in parallel with fluorescence images...
May 2018: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29662163/polymer-physics-predicts-the-effects-of-structural-variants-on-chromatin-architecture
#3
Simona Bianco, Darío G Lupiáñez, Andrea M Chiariello, Carlo Annunziatella, Katerina Kraft, Robert Schöpflin, Lars Wittler, Guillaume Andrey, Martin Vingron, Ana Pombo, Stefan Mundlos, Mario Nicodemi
Structural variants (SVs) can result in changes in gene expression due to abnormal chromatin folding and cause disease. However, the prediction of such effects remains a challenge. Here we present a polymer-physics-based approach (PRISMR) to model 3D chromatin folding and to predict enhancer-promoter contacts. PRISMR predicts higher-order chromatin structure from genome-wide chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) data. Using the EPHA4 locus as a model, the effects of pathogenic SVs are predicted in silico and compared to Hi-C data generated from mouse limb buds and patient-derived fibroblasts...
April 16, 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29660180/a-chromatin-loop-represses-wuschel-expression-in-arabidopsis
#4
Lin Guo, Xiuwei Cao, Yuhao Liu, Jun Li, Yongpeng Li, Dongming Li, Ke Zhang, Caixia Gao, Aiwu Dong, Xigang Liu
WUSCHEL (WUS) is critical for plant meristem maintenance and determinacy in Arabidopsis, and the regulation of its spatiotemporal expression patterns is complex. We previously found that AGAMOUS (AG), a key MADS-domain transcription factor in floral organ identity and floral meristem determinacy, can directly suppress WUS expression through the recruitment of the Polycomb group (PcG) protein TERMINAL FLOWER2 (TFL2, also known as LIKE HETEROCHROMATIN PROTEIN1, LHP1) at the WUS locus. However, the mechanism by which WUS is repressed remains unclear...
April 16, 2018: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29659513/chromatin-architectural-changes-during-cellular-senescence-and-aging
#5
REVIEW
Luyang Sun, Ruofan Yu, Weiwei Dang
Chromatin 3D structure is highly dynamic and associated with many biological processes, such as cell cycle progression, cellular differentiation, cell fate reprogramming, cancer development, cellular senescence, and aging. Recently, by using chromosome conformation capture technologies, tremendous findings have been reported about the dynamics of genome architecture, their associated proteins, and the underlying mechanisms involved in regulating chromatin spatial organization and gene expression. Cellular senescence and aging, which involve multiple cellular and molecular functional declines, also undergo significant chromatin structural changes, including alternations of heterochromatin and disruption of higher-order chromatin structure...
April 16, 2018: Genes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626919/the-4d-nucleome-genome-compartmentalization-in-an-evolutionary-context
#6
REVIEW
T Cremer, M Cremer, C Cremer
4D nucleome research aims to understand the impact of nuclear organization in space and time on nuclear functions, such as gene expression patterns, chromatin replication, and the maintenance of genome integrity. In this review we describe evidence that the origin of 4D genome compartmentalization can be traced back to the prokaryotic world. In cell nuclei of animals and plants chromosomes occupy distinct territories, built up from ~1 Mb chromatin domains, which in turn are composed of smaller chromatin subdomains and also form larger chromatin domain clusters...
April 2018: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622804/producing-genome-structure-populations-with-the-dynamic-and-automated-pgs-software
#7
Nan Hua, Harianto Tjong, Hanjun Shin, Ke Gong, Xianghong Jasmine Zhou, Frank Alber
Chromosome conformation capture technologies such as Hi-C are widely used to investigate the spatial organization of genomes. Because genome structures can vary considerably between individual cells of a population, interpreting ensemble-averaged Hi-C data can be challenging, in particular for long-range and interchromosomal interactions. We pioneered a probabilistic approach for the generation of a population of distinct diploid 3D genome structures consistent with all the chromatin-chromatin interaction probabilities from Hi-C experiments...
May 2018: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605857/analysis-of-chromatin-interactions-mediated-by-specific-architectural-proteins-in-drosophila-cells
#8
Masami Ando-Kuri, I Sarahi M Rivera, M Jordan Rowley, Victor G Corces
Chromosome conformation capture assays have been established, modified, and enhanced for over a decade with the purpose of studying nuclear organization. A recently published method uses in situ Hi-C followed by chromatin immunoprecipitation (HiChIP) to enrich the overall yield of significant genome-wide interactions mediated by a specific protein. Here we applied a modified version of the HiChIP protocol to retrieve the significant contacts mediated by architectural protein CP190 in D. melanogaster cells.
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593064/a-day-in-the-life-of-chromatin-how-enhancer-promoter-loops-shape-daily-behavior
#9
REVIEW
Benjamin J Weidemann, Kathryn Moynihan Ramsey, Joseph Bass
Each spring, we get out of bed 1 h ahead of our biological wake-up time due to the misalignment of internal clocks with the light-dark cycle. Genetic discoveries revealed that clock genes encode transcription factors that are expressed throughout many tissues, yet a gap has remained in understanding the temporal dynamics of transcription. Two groups now apply circular chromosome conformation capture and high-throughput sequencing to dissect how "time of day"-dependent changes in chromatin drive core clock oscillations...
March 1, 2018: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572261/clock-dependent-chromatin-topology-modulates-circadian-transcription-and-behavior
#10
Jérôme Mermet, Jake Yeung, Clémence Hurni, Daniel Mauvoisin, Kyle Gustafson, Céline Jouffe, Damien Nicolas, Yann Emmenegger, Cédric Gobet, Paul Franken, Frédéric Gachon, Félix Naef
The circadian clock in animals orchestrates widespread oscillatory gene expression programs, which underlie 24-h rhythms in behavior and physiology. Several studies have shown the possible roles of transcription factors and chromatin marks in controlling cyclic gene expression. However, how daily active enhancers modulate rhythmic gene transcription in mammalian tissues is not known. Using circular chromosome conformation capture (4C) combined with sequencing (4C-seq), we discovered oscillatory promoter-enhancer interactions along the 24-h cycle in the mouse liver and kidney...
March 23, 2018: Genes & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29554289/genomedisco-a-concordance-score-for-chromosome-conformation-capture-experiments-using-random-walks-on-contact-map-graphs
#11
Oana Ursu, Nathan Boley, Maryna Taranova, Y X Rachel Wang, Galip Gurkan Yardimci, William Stafford Noble, Anshul Kundaje
Motivation: The three-dimensional organization of chromatin plays a critical role in gene regulation and disease. High-throughput chromosome conformation capture experiments such as Hi-C are used to obtain genome-wide maps of 3D chromatin contacts. However, robust estimation of data quality and systematic comparison of these contact maps is challenging due to the multi-scale, hierarchical structure of chromatin contacts and the resulting properties of experimental noise in the data. Measuring concordance of contact maps is important for assessing reproducibility of replicate experiments and for modeling variation between different cellular contexts...
March 15, 2018: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29550705/computational-methods-for-analyzing-genome-wide-chromosome-conformation-capture-data
#12
REVIEW
Chiara Nicoletti, Mattia Forcato, Silvio Bicciato
In all organisms, chromatin is packed to fulfil structural constraints and functional requirements. The hierarchical model of chromatin organization in the 3D nuclear space encompasses different topologies at diverse scale lengths, with chromosomes occupying distinct volumes, further organized in compartments, inside which the chromatin fibers fold into large domains and short-range loops. In the recent years, the combination of chromosome conformation capture (3C) techniques and high-throughput sequencing allowed probing chromatin spatial organization at the whole genome-scale...
March 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549111/disrupting-the-three-dimensional-regulatory-topology-of-the-pitx1-locus-results-in-overtly-normal-development
#13
Richard Sarro, Acadia A Kocher, Deena Emera, Severin Uebbing, Emily V Dutrow, Scott D Weatherbee, Timothy Nottoli, James P Noonan
Developmental gene expression patterns are orchestrated by thousands of distant-acting transcriptional enhancers. However, identifying enhancers essential for the expression of their target genes has proven challenging. Maps of long-range regulatory interactions may provide the means to identify enhancers critical for developmental gene expression. To investigate this hypothesis, we used circular chromosome conformation capture coupled with interaction maps in the mouse limb to characterize the regulatory topology of Pitx1 , which is essential for hindlimb development...
March 16, 2018: Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29541161/3c-and-3c-based-techniques-the-powerful-tools-for-spatial-genome-organization-deciphering
#14
REVIEW
Jinlei Han, Zhiliang Zhang, Kai Wang
It is well known that the chromosomes are organized in the nucleus and this spatial arrangement of genome play a crucial role in gene regulation and genome stability. Different techniques have been developed and applied to uncover the intrinsic mechanism of genome architecture, especially the chromosome conformation capture (3C) and 3C-derived methods. 3C and 3C-derived techniques provide us approaches to perform high-throughput chromatin architecture assays at the genome scale. However, the advantage and disadvantage of current methodologies of C-technologies have not been discussed extensively...
2018: Molecular Cytogenetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529244/high-resolution-3d-models-of-caulobacter-crescentus-chromosome-reveal-genome-structural-variability-and-organization
#15
Asli Yildirim, Michael Feig
High-resolution three-dimensional models of Caulobacter crescentus nucleoid structures were generated via a multi-scale modeling protocol. Models were built as a plectonemically supercoiled circular DNA and by incorporating chromosome conformation capture based data to generate an ensemble of base pair resolution models consistent with the experimental data. Significant structural variability was found with different degrees of bending and twisting but with overall similar topologies and shapes that are consistent with C...
February 26, 2018: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29526697/inter-chromosomal-contact-properties-in-live-cell-imaging-and-in-hi-c
#16
Philipp G Maass, A Rasim Barutcu, Catherine L Weiner, John L Rinn
Imaging (fluorescence in situ hybridization [FISH]) and genome-wide chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) are two major approaches to the study of higher-order genome organization in the nucleus. Intra-chromosomal and inter-chromosomal interactions (referred to as non-homologous chromosomal contacts [NHCCs]) have been observed by several FISH-based studies, but locus-specific NHCCs have not been detected by Hi-C. Due to crosslinking, neither of these approaches assesses spatiotemporal properties. Toward resolving the discrepancies between imaging and Hi-C, we sought to understand the spatiotemporal properties of NHCCs in living cells by CRISPR/Cas9 live-cell imaging (CLING)...
February 27, 2018: Molecular Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521603/genome-wide-map-of-proximity-linkage-to-renin-proximal-promoter-in-rat
#17
Timothy J Stodola, Pengyuan Liu, Yong Liu, Andrew Vallejos, Aron M Geurts, Andrew S Greene, Mingyu Liang
A challenge to understanding enhancer-gene relationships is that enhancers are not always sequentially close to the gene they regulate. Physical proximity mapping through sequencing can provide an unbiased view of the chromatin close to the proximal promoter of the renin gene (Ren). Our objective was to determine genomic regions that physically interact with the renin proximal promoter, using two different genetic backgrounds, the Dahl salt sensitive and normotensive SS-13BN, which have been shown to have different regulation of plasma renin in vivo...
March 9, 2018: Physiological Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29518122/a-common-copy-number-variant-within-sirpb1-correlates-with-human-out-of-africa-migration-after-genetic-drift-correction
#18
Jose Luis Royo, Joan Valls, Rafael D Acemel, Carlos Gómez-Marin, Mariona Pascual-Pons, Arantxa Lupiañez, Jose Luis Gomez-Skarmeta, Joan Fibla
Previous reports have proposed that personality may have played a role on human Out-Of-Africa migration, pinpointing some genetic variants that were positively selected in the migrating populations. In this work, we discuss the role of a common copy-number variant within the SIRPB1 gene, recently associated with impulsive behavior, in the human Out-Of-Africa migration. With the analysis of the variant distribution across forty-two different populations, we found that the SIRPB1 haplotype containing duplicated allele significantly correlated with human migratory distance, being one of the few examples of positively selected loci found across the human world colonization...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507875/allele-specific-long-distance-regulation-dictates-il-32-isoform-switching-and-mediates-susceptibility-to-hiv-1
#19
Robert-Jan Palstra, Elisa de Crignis, Michael D Röling, Thomas van Staveren, Tsung Wai Kan, Wilfred van Ijcken, Yvonne M Mueller, Peter D Katsikis, Tokameh Mahmoudi
We integrated data obtained from HIV-1 genome-wide association studies with T cell-derived epigenome data and found that the noncoding intergenic variant rs4349147, which is statistically associated with HIV-1 acquisition, is located in a CD4+ T cell-specific deoxyribonuclease I hypersensitive region, suggesting regulatory potential for this variant. Deletion of the rs4349147 element in Jurkat cells strongly reduced expression of interleukin-32 (IL-32), approximately 10-kb upstream, and chromosome conformation capture assays identified a chromatin loop between rs4349147 and the IL-32 promoter validating its function as a long-distance enhancer...
February 2018: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29503869/tads-are-3d-structural-units-of-higher-order-chromosome-organization-in-drosophila
#20
Quentin Szabo, Daniel Jost, Jia-Ming Chang, Diego I Cattoni, Giorgio L Papadopoulos, Boyan Bonev, Tom Sexton, Julian Gurgo, Caroline Jacquier, Marcelo Nollmann, Frédéric Bantignies, Giacomo Cavalli
Deciphering the rules of genome folding in the cell nucleus is essential to understand its functions. Recent chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) studies have revealed that the genome is partitioned into topologically associating domains (TADs), which demarcate functional epigenetic domains defined by combinations of specific chromatin marks. However, whether TADs are true physical units in each cell nucleus or whether they reflect statistical frequencies of measured interactions within cell populations is unclear...
February 2018: Science Advances
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