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chromosome conformation capture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229825/network-analysis-identifies-chromosome-intermingling-regions-as-regulatory-hotspots-for-transcription
#1
Anastasiya Belyaeva, Saradha Venkatachalapathy, Mallika Nagarajan, G V Shivashankar, Caroline Uhler
The 3D structure of the genome plays a key role in regulatory control of the cell. Experimental methods such as high-throughput chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) have been developed to probe the 3D structure of the genome. However, it remains a challenge to deduce from these data chromosome regions that are colocalized and coregulated. Here, we present an integrative approach that leverages 1D functional genomic features (e.g., epigenetic marks) with 3D interactions from Hi-C data to identify functional interchromosomal interactions...
December 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196799/3c-pcr-a-novel-proximity-ligation-based-approach-to-phase-chromosomal-rearrangement-breakpoints-with-distal-allelic-variants
#2
Samantha L P Schilit, Cynthia C Morton
Recent advances in molecular cytogenetics highlight the importance of noncoding structural variation in human disease. Genomic rearrangements can disrupt chromatin architecture, leading to long-range alterations in gene expression. With increasing ability to assess distal gene dysregulation comes new challenges in clinical interpretation of rearrangements. While haplotyping methods to determine compound heterozygosity in a single gene with two pathogenic variants are established, such methods are insufficient for phasing larger distances between a pathogenic variant and a genomic rearrangement breakpoint...
December 1, 2017: Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186505/robust-detection-of-chromosomal-interactions-from-small-numbers-of-cells-using-low-input-capture-c
#3
A Marieke Oudelaar, James O J Davies, Damien J Downes, Douglas R Higgs, Jim R Hughes
Chromosome conformation capture (3C) techniques are crucial to understanding tissue-specific regulation of gene expression, but current methods generally require large numbers of cells. This hampers the investigation of chromatin architecture in rare cell populations. We present a new low-input Capture-C approach that can generate high-quality 3C interaction profiles from 10 000-20 000 cells, depending on the resolution used for analysis. We also present a PCR-free, sequencing-free 3C technique based on NanoString technology called C-String...
November 23, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177001/a-cautionary-note-on-the-use-of-chromosome-conformation-capture-in-plants
#4
Suraj Jamge, Maike Stam, Gerco C Angenent, Richard G H Immink
Background: The chromosome conformation capture (3C) technique is a method to study chromatin interactions at specific genomic loci. Initially established for yeast the 3C technique has been adapted to plants in recent years in order to study chromatin interactions and their role in transcriptional gene regulation. As the plant scientific community continues to implement this technology, a discussion on critical controls, validations steps and interpretation of 3C data is essential to fully benefit from 3C in plants...
2017: Plant Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167281/polytene-chromosome-structure-and-somatic-genome-instability
#5
Allan C Spradling
Polytene chromosomes have for 80 years provided the highest resolution view of interphase genome structure in an animal cell nucleus. These chromosomes represent the normal genomic state of nearly all Drosophila larval and many adult cells, and a better understanding of their striking banded structure has been sought for decades. A more recently appreciated characteristic of Drosophila polytene cells is somatic genome instability caused by unfinished replication (UR). Repair of stalled forks generates enough deletions in polytene salivary gland cells to alter 10%-90% of the DNA strands within more than 100 UR regions comprising 20% of the euchromatic genome...
November 22, 2017: Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149895/novel-insights-into-chromosomal-conformations-in-cancer
#6
REVIEW
Ruobing Jia, Peiwei Chai, He Zhang, Xianqun Fan
Exploring gene function is critical for understanding the complexity of life. DNA sequences and the three-dimensional organization of chromatin (chromosomal interactions) are considered enigmatic factors underlying gene function, and interactions between two distant fragments can regulate transactivation activity via mediator proteins. Thus, a series of chromosome conformation capture techniques have been developed, including chromosome conformation capture (3C), circular chromosome conformation capture (4C), chromosome conformation capture carbon copy (5C), and high-resolution chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C)...
November 17, 2017: Molecular Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149264/sim3c-simulation-of-hi-c-and-meta3c-proximity-ligation-sequencing-technologies
#7
Matthew Z DeMaere, Aaron E Darling
Background: Chromosome conformation capture (3C) and Hi-C DNA sequencing methods have rapidly advanced our understanding of the spatial organization of genomes and metagenomes. Many variants of these protocols have been developed, each with their own strengths. Currently there is no systematic means for simulating sequence data from this family of sequencing protocols, potentially hindering the advancement of algorithms to exploit this new datatype. Findings: We describe a computational simulator that, given simple parameters and reference genome sequences, will simulate Hi-C sequencing on those sequences...
November 15, 2017: GigaScience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137603/clustertad-an-unsupervised-machine-learning-approach-to-detecting-topologically-associated-domains-of-chromosomes-from-hi-c-data
#8
Oluwatosin Oluwadare, Jianlin Cheng
BACKGROUND: With the development of chromosomal conformation capturing techniques, particularly, the Hi-C technique, the study of the spatial conformation of a genome is becoming an important topic in bioinformatics and computational biology. The Hi-C technique can generate genome-wide chromosomal interaction (contact) data, which can be used to investigate the higher-level organization of chromosomes, such as Topologically Associated Domains (TAD), i.e., locally packed chromosome regions bounded together by intra chromosomal contacts...
November 14, 2017: BMC Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29094699/two-independent-modes-of-chromatin-organization-revealed-by-cohesin-removal
#9
Wibke Schwarzer, Nezar Abdennur, Anton Goloborodko, Aleksandra Pekowska, Geoffrey Fudenberg, Yann Loe-Mie, Nuno A Fonseca, Wolfgang Huber, Christian H Haering, Leonid Mirny, Francois Spitz
Imaging and chromosome conformation capture studies have revealed several layers of chromosome organization, including segregation into megabase-sized active and inactive compartments, and partitioning into sub-megabase domains (TADs). It remains unclear, however, how these layers of organization form, interact with one another and influence genome function. Here we show that deletion of the cohesin-loading factor Nipbl in mouse liver leads to a marked reorganization of chromosomal folding. TADs and associated Hi-C peaks vanish globally, even in the absence of transcriptional changes...
November 2, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093029/chromatin-conformation-links-distal-target-genes-to-ckd-loci
#10
Maarten M Brandt, Claartje A Meddens, Laura Louzao-Martinez, Noortje A M van den Dungen, Nico R Lansu, Edward E S Nieuwenhuis, Dirk J Duncker, Marianne C Verhaar, Jaap A Joles, Michal Mokry, Caroline Cheng
Genome-wide association studies (GWASs) have identified many genetic risk factors for CKD. However, linking common variants to genes that are causal for CKD etiology remains challenging. By adapting self-transcribing active regulatory region sequencing, we evaluated the effect of genetic variation on DNA regulatory elements (DREs). Variants in linkage with the CKD-associated single-nucleotide polymorphism rs11959928 were shown to affect DRE function, illustrating that genes regulated by DREs colocalizing with CKD-associated variation can be dysregulated and therefore, considered as CKD candidate genes...
November 1, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091999/evaluation-and-comparison-of-methods-for-recapitulation-of-3d-spatial-chromatin-structures
#11
Jincheol Park, Shili Lin
How chromosomes fold and how distal genomic elements interact with one another at a genomic scale have been actively pursued in the past decade following the seminal work describing the Chromosome Conformation Capture (3C) assay. Essentially, 3C-based technologies produce two-dimensional (2D) contact maps that capture interactions between genomic fragments. Accordingly, a plethora of analytical methods have been proposed to take a 2D contact map as input to recapitulate the underlying whole genome three-dimensional (3D) structure of the chromatin...
October 30, 2017: Briefings in Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29080874/-computer-methods-of-analysis-of-chromosome-contacts-in-the-cell-nucleus-based-on-sequencing-technology-data
#12
Y L Orlov, O Thierry, A G Bogomolov, A V Tsukanov, E V Kulakova, E R Galieva, A O Bragin, G Li
The study spatial chromosome structure and chromosome folding in the interphase cell nucleus is an important challenge of world science. Detection of eukaryotic genome regions that physically interact with each other could be done by modern sequencing technologies. A basic method of chromosome folding by total sequencing of contacting DNA fragments is HI-C. Long-range chromosomal interactions play an important role in gene transcription and regulation. The study of chromosome interactions, 3D (three-dimensional) genome structure and its effect on gene transcription allows revealing fundamental biological processes from a viewpoint of structural regulation and are important for cancer research...
October 2017: Biomedit︠s︡inskai︠a︡ Khimii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076094/chromosome-conformation-capture-3c-and-higher-with-erythroid-samples
#13
Ivan Krivega, Ann Dean
Chromosome conformation capture (3C) allows for the determination of the proximity in nuclei of DNA sequences that are linearly distant from one another in the genome. Proximity that is above that expected from random interaction provides evidence for potential long-range functional interactions such as between enhancers and their target genes. Many controls are required to convincingly demonstrate increased frequency of interaction between sequences and stringent functional tests must also be applied. Here, we present methodology suitable for 3C experiments that can also be applied as the basis for related 4C, 5C, and Hi-C approaches...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053968/multiscale-3d-genome-rewiring-during-mouse-neural-development
#14
Boyan Bonev, Netta Mendelson Cohen, Quentin Szabo, Lauriane Fritsch, Giorgio L Papadopoulos, Yaniv Lubling, Xiaole Xu, Xiaodan Lv, Jean-Philippe Hugnot, Amos Tanay, Giacomo Cavalli
Chromosome conformation capture technologies have revealed important insights into genome folding. Yet, how spatial genome architecture is related to gene expression and cell fate remains unclear. We comprehensively mapped 3D chromatin organization during mouse neural differentiation in vitro and in vivo, generating the highest-resolution Hi-C maps available to date. We found that transcription is correlated with chromatin insulation and long-range interactions, but dCas9-mediated activation is insufficient for creating TAD boundaries de novo...
October 19, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052196/3c-in-maize-and-arabidopsis
#15
Blaise Weber, Suraj Jamge, Maike Stam
With Chromosome Conformation Capture (3C), the relative interaction frequency of one chromosomal fragment with another can be determined. The technique is especially suited for unraveling the 3D organization of specific loci when focusing on aspects such as enhancer-promoter interactions or other topological conformations of the genome. 3C has been extensively used in animal systems, among others providing insight into gene regulation by distant cis-regulatory elements. In recent years, the 3C technique has been applied in plant research...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052195/technical-review-a-hitchhiker-s-guide-to-chromosome-conformation-capture
#16
Stefan Grob, Giacomo Cavalli
The introduction of chromosome conformation capture (3C) technologies boosted the field of 3D-genome research and significantly enhanced the available toolset to study chromosomal architecture. 3C technologies not only offer increased resolution compared to the previously dominant cytological approaches but also allow the simultaneous study of genome-wide 3D chromatin contacts, thereby enabling a candidate-free perspective on 3D-genome architecture. Since its introduction in 2002, 3C technologies evolved rapidly and now constitute a collection of tools, each with their strengths and pitfalls with respect to specific research questions...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048467/identification-of-copy-number-variations-and-translocations-in-cancer-cells-from-hi-c-data
#17
Abhijit Chakraborty, Ferhat Ay
Motivation: Eukaryotic chromosomes adapt a complex and highly dynamic three-dimensional (3D) structure, which profoundly affects different cellular functions and outcomes including changes in epigenetic landscape and in gene expression. Making the scenario even more complex, cancer cells harbor chromosomal abnormalities (e.g., copy number variations (CNVs) and translocations) altering their genomes both at the sequence level and at the level of 3D organization. High-throughput chromosome conformation capture techniques (e...
October 18, 2017: Bioinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044247/regulation-of-genome-organization-and-gene-expression-by-nuclear-mechanotransduction
#18
REVIEW
Caroline Uhler, G V Shivashankar
It is well established that cells sense chemical signals from their local microenvironment and transduce them to the nucleus to regulate gene expression programmes. Although a number of experiments have shown that mechanical cues can also modulate gene expression, the underlying mechanisms are far from clear. Nevertheless, we are now beginning to understand how mechanical cues are transduced to the nucleus and how they influence nuclear mechanics, genome organization and transcription. In particular, recent progress in super-resolution imaging, in genome-wide application of RNA sequencing, chromatin immunoprecipitation and chromosome conformation capture and in theoretical modelling of 3D genome organization enables the exploration of the relationship between cell mechanics, 3D chromatin configurations and transcription, thereby shedding new light on how mechanical forces regulate gene expression...
October 18, 2017: Nature Reviews. Molecular Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042628/a-dna-contact-map-for-the-mouse-runx1-gene-identifies-novel-haematopoietic-enhancers
#19
Judith Marsman, Amarni Thomas, Motomi Osato, Justin M O'Sullivan, Julia A Horsfield
The transcription factor Runx1 is essential for definitive haematopoiesis, and the RUNX1 gene is frequently translocated or mutated in leukaemia. Runx1 is transcribed from two promoters, P1 and P2, to give rise to different protein isoforms. Although the expression of Runx1 must be tightly regulated for normal blood development, the mechanisms that regulate Runx1 isoform expression during haematopoiesis remain poorly understood. Gene regulatory elements located in non-coding DNA are likely to be important for Runx1 transcription...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036650/characteristic-arrangement-of-nucleosomes-is-predictive-of-chromatin-interactions-at-kilobase-resolution
#20
Hui Zhang, Feifei Li, Yan Jia, Bingxiang Xu, Yiqun Zhang, Xiaoli Li, Zhihua Zhang
High-throughput chromosome conformation capture (3C) technologies, such as Hi-C, have made it possible to survey 3D genome structure. However, obtaining 3D profiles at kilobase resolution at low cost remains a major challenge. Therefore, we herein present an algorithm for precise identification of chromatin interaction sites at kilobase resolution from MNase-seq data, termed chromatin interaction site detector (CISD), and a CISD-based chromatin loop predictor (CISD_loop) that predicts chromatin-chromatin interactions (CCIs) from low-resolution Hi-C data...
October 3, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
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