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chromosome conformation capture

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808972/chromosome-conformation-capture-for-research-on-innate-antiviral-immunity
#1
Yoon Jung Kim, Tae Hoon Kim
Chromosome conformation capture (3C) technology has revolutionized our knowledge on chromatin folding and nuclear organization. This cis-loop detection approach can be used to identify candidate regulatory elements interacting with target gene of interest. This chapter introduces the application of 3C technique to investigate a dynamic alteration in the chromosome folding structure or genomic architecture resulting from interaction changes between the enhancer and its target gene. Innate antiviral immunity is one of the well-known gene induction systems, involving rapid first-line response to virus or pathogen to trigger gene expression changes in order to protect cells and to limit further infection...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805829/lineage-specific-dynamic-and-pre-established-enhancer-promoter-contacts-cooperate-in-terminal-differentiation
#2
Adam J Rubin, Brook C Barajas, Mayra Furlan-Magaril, Vanessa Lopez-Pajares, Maxwell R Mumbach, Imani Howard, Daniel S Kim, Lisa D Boxer, Jonathan Cairns, Mikhail Spivakov, Steven W Wingett, Minyi Shi, Zhixin Zhao, William J Greenleaf, Anshul Kundaje, Michael Snyder, Howard Y Chang, Peter Fraser, Paul A Khavari
Chromosome conformation is an important feature of metazoan gene regulation; however, enhancer-promoter contact remodeling during cellular differentiation remains poorly understood. To address this, genome-wide promoter capture Hi-C (CHi-C) was performed during epidermal differentiation. Two classes of enhancer-promoter contacts associated with differentiation-induced genes were identified. The first class ('gained') increased in contact strength during differentiation in concert with enhancer acquisition of the H3K27ac activation mark...
August 14, 2017: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802249/high-resolution-mapping-of-chromatin-conformation-in-cardiac-myocytes-reveals-structural-remodeling-of-the-epigenome-in-heart-failure
#3
Manuel Rosa-Garrido, Douglas J Chapski, Anthony D Schmitt, Todd H Kimball, Elaheh Karbassi, Emma Monte, Enrique Balderas, Matteo Pellegrini, Tsai-Ting Shih, Elizabeth Soehalim, David A Liem, Peipei Ping, Niels J Galjart, Shuxun Ren, Yibin Wang, Bing Ren, Thomas M Vondriska
Background -Cardiovascular disease is associated with epigenomic changes in the heart, however the endogenous structure of cardiac myocyte chromatin has never been determined. Methods -To investigate the mechanisms of epigenomic function in the heart, genome-wide chromatin conformation capture (Hi-C) and DNA sequencing were performed in adult cardiac myocytes following development of pressure overload-induced hypertrophy. Mice with cardiac-specific deletion of CTCF (a ubiquitous chromatin structural protein) were generated to explore the role of this protein in chromatin structure and cardiac phenotype...
August 11, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792605/single-cell-hi-c-bridges-microscopy-and-genome-wide-sequencing-approaches-to-study-3d-chromatin-organization
#4
REVIEW
Sergey V Ulianov, Kikue Tachibana-Konwalski, Sergey V Razin
Recent years have witnessed an explosion of the single-cell biochemical toolbox including chromosome conformation capture (3C)-based methods that provide novel insights into chromatin spatial organization in individual cells. The observations made with these techniques revealed that topologically associating domains emerge from cell population averages and do not exist as static structures in individual cells. Stochastic nature of the genome folding is likely to be biologically relevant and may reflect the ability of chromatin fibers to adopt a number of alternative configurations, some of which could be transiently stabilized and serve regulatory purposes...
August 9, 2017: BioEssays: News and Reviews in Molecular, Cellular and Developmental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776025/three-dimensional-positioning-and-structure-of-chromosomes-in-a-human-prophase-nucleus
#5
Bo Chen, Mohammed Yusuf, Teruo Hashimoto, Ana Katrina Estandarte, George Thompson, Ian Robinson
The human genetic material is packaged into 46 chromosomes. The structure of chromosomes is known at the lowest level, where the DNA chain is wrapped around a core of eight histone proteins to form nucleosomes. Around a million of these nucleosomes, each about 11 nm in diameter and 6 nm in thickness, are wrapped up into the complex organelle of the chromosome, whose structure is mostly known at the level of visible light microscopy to form a characteristic cross shape in metaphase. However, the higher-order structure of human chromosomes, between a few tens and hundreds of nanometers, has not been well understood...
July 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760140/the-three-dimensional-genome-organization-of-drosophila-melanogaster-through-data-integration
#6
Qingjiao Li, Harianto Tjong, Xiao Li, Ke Gong, Xianghong Jasmine Zhou, Irene Chiolo, Frank Alber
BACKGROUND: Genome structures are dynamic and non-randomly organized in the nucleus of higher eukaryotes. To maximize the accuracy and coverage of three-dimensional genome structural models, it is important to integrate all available sources of experimental information about a genome's organization. It remains a major challenge to integrate such data from various complementary experimental methods. Here, we present an approach for data integration to determine a population of complete three-dimensional genome structures that are statistically consistent with data from both genome-wide chromosome conformation capture (Hi-C) and lamina-DamID experiments...
July 31, 2017: Genome Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752814/a-matter-of-scale-and-dimensions-chromatin-of-chromosome-landmarks-in-the-fungi
#7
Allyson A Erlendson, Steven Friedman, Michael Freitag
Chromatin and chromosomes of fungi are highly diverse and dynamic, even within species. Much of what we know about histone modification enzymes, RNA interference, DNA methylation, and cell cycle control was first addressed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Schizosaccharomyces pombe, Aspergillus nidulans, and Neurospora crassa. Here, we examine the three landmark regions that are required for maintenance of stable chromosomes and their faithful inheritance, namely, origins of DNA replication, telomeres and centromeres...
July 2017: Microbiology Spectrum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735107/integrative-modelling-of-cellular-assemblies
#8
REVIEW
Agnel Praveen Joseph, Guido Polles, Frank Alber, Maya Topf
A wide variety of experimental techniques can be used for understanding the precise molecular mechanisms underlying the activities of cellular assemblies. The inherent limitations of a single experimental technique often requires integration of data from complementary approaches to gain sufficient insights into the assembly structure and function. Here, we review popular computational approaches for integrative modelling of cellular assemblies, including protein complexes and genomic assemblies. We provide recent examples of integrative models generated for such assemblies by different experimental techniques, especially including data from 3D electron microscopy (3D-EM) and chromosome conformation capture experiments, respectively...
July 20, 2017: Current Opinion in Structural Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723903/automatic-analysis-and-3d-modelling-of-hi-c-data-using-tadbit-reveals-structural-features-of-the-fly-chromatin-colors
#9
François Serra, Davide Baù, Mike Goodstadt, David Castillo, Guillaume J Filion, Marc A Marti-Renom
The sequence of a genome is insufficient to understand all genomic processes carried out in the cell nucleus. To achieve this, the knowledge of its three-dimensional architecture is necessary. Advances in genomic technologies and the development of new analytical methods, such as Chromosome Conformation Capture (3C) and its derivatives, provide unprecedented insights in the spatial organization of genomes. Here we present TADbit, a computational framework to analyze and model the chromatin fiber in three dimensions...
July 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708563/evolving-spatial-clusters-of-genomic-regions-from-high-throughput-chromatin-conformation-capture-data
#10
Xiangtao Li, Shijing Ma, Ka-Chun Wong
High-throughput chromosome-conformation-capture (Hi-C) methods have revealed a multitude of structural insights into interphase chromosomes. In this paper, we elucidate the spatial clusters of genomic regions from Hi-C contact maps by formulating the underlying problem as a global optimization problem. Given its nonconvex objective and nonnegativity constraints, we implement several evolutionary algorithms and compare their performance with non-negative matrix factorization, revealing novel insights into the problem...
July 11, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Nanobioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28703188/allelic-reprogramming-of-3d-chromatin-architecture-during-early-mammalian-development
#11
Zhenhai Du, Hui Zheng, Bo Huang, Rui Ma, Jingyi Wu, Xianglin Zhang, Jing He, Yunlong Xiang, Qiujun Wang, Yuanyuan Li, Jing Ma, Xu Zhang, Ke Zhang, Yang Wang, Michael Q Zhang, Juntao Gao, Jesse R Dixon, Xiaowo Wang, Jianyang Zeng, Wei Xie
In mammals, chromatin organization undergoes drastic reprogramming after fertilization. However, the three-dimensional structure of chromatin and its reprogramming in preimplantation development remain poorly understood. Here, by developing a low-input Hi-C (genome-wide chromosome conformation capture) approach, we examined the reprogramming of chromatin organization during early development in mice. We found that oocytes in metaphase II show homogeneous chromatin folding that lacks detectable topologically associating domains (TADs) and chromatin compartments...
July 12, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700723/position-effects-influencing-intrachromosomal-repair-of-a-double-strand-break-in-budding-yeast
#12
Ruoxi W Wang, Cheng-Sheng Lee, James E Haber
Repair of a double-strand break (DSB) by an ectopic homologous donor sequence is subject to the three-dimensional arrangement of chromosomes in the nucleus of haploid budding yeast. The data for interchromosomal recombination suggest that searching for homology is accomplished by a random collision process, strongly influenced by the contact probability of the donor and recipient sequences. Here we explore how recombination occurs on the same chromosome and whether there are additional constraints imposed on repair...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682332/cell-cycle-dynamics-of-chromosomal-organization-at-single-cell-resolution
#13
Takashi Nagano, Yaniv Lubling, Csilla Várnai, Carmel Dudley, Wing Leung, Yael Baran, Netta Mendelson Cohen, Steven Wingett, Peter Fraser, Amos Tanay
Chromosomes in proliferating metazoan cells undergo marked structural metamorphoses every cell cycle, alternating between highly condensed mitotic structures that facilitate chromosome segregation, and decondensed interphase structures that accommodate transcription, gene silencing and DNA replication. Here we use single-cell Hi-C (high-resolution chromosome conformation capture) analysis to study chromosome conformations in thousands of individual cells, and discover a continuum of cis-interaction profiles that finely position individual cells along the cell cycle...
July 5, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663546/inherited-determinants-of-early-recurrent-somatic-mutations-in-prostate-cancer
#14
Alessandro Romanel, Sonia Garritano, Blerta Stringa, Mirjam Blattner, Davide Dalfovo, Dimple Chakravarty, David Soong, Kellie A Cotter, Gianluca Petris, Priyanka Dhingra, Paola Gasperini, Anna Cereseto, Olivier Elemento, Andrea Sboner, Ekta Khurana, Alberto Inga, Mark A Rubin, Francesca Demichelis
Prostate cancer is a highly heritable molecularly and clinically heterogeneous disease. To discover germline events involved in prostate cancer predisposition, we develop a computational approach to nominate heritable facilitators of somatic genomic events in the context of the androgen receptor signaling. Here, we use a ranking score and benign prostate transcriptomes to identify a non-coding polymorphic regulatory element at 7p14.3 that associates with DNA repair and hormone-regulated transcript levels and with an early recurrent prostate cancer-specific somatic mutation in the Speckle-Type POZ protein (SPOP) gene...
June 29, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623585/in-situ-hi-c-library-preparation-for-plants-to-study-their-three-dimensional-chromatin-interactions-on-a-genome-wide-scale
#15
Chang Liu
The spatial organization of the genome in the nucleus is critical for many cellular processes. It has been broadly accepted that the packing of chromatin inside the nucleus is not random, but structured at several hierarchical levels. The Hi-C method combines Chromatin Conformation Capture and high-throughput sequencing, which allows interrogating genome-wide chromatin interactions. Depending on the sequencing depth, chromatin packing patterns derived from Hi-C experiments can be viewed on a chromosomal scale or at a local genic level...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615534/functional-dissection-of-breast-cancer-risk-associated-tert-promoter-variants
#16
Sonja Helbig, Leesa Wockner, Annick Bouendeu, Ursula Hille-Betz, Karen McCue, Juliet D French, Stacey L Edwards, Hilda A Pickett, Roger R Reddel, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Thilo Dörk, Jonathan Beesley
The multi-cancer susceptibility locus at 5p15.33 includes TERT, encoding the telomerase catalytic subunit. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified six single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the TERT promoter associated with decreased breast cancer risk, although the precise causal variants and their mechanisms of action have remained elusive. Luciferase reporter assays indicated that the protective haplotype reduced TERT promoter activity in human mammary epithelial and cancer cells in an estrogen-independent manner...
May 26, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609784/genome-wide-profiling-of-s-mar-based-replicon-contact-sites
#17
Claudia Hagedorn, Andreas Gogol-Döring, Sabrina Schreiber, Jörg T Epplen, Hans J Lipps
Autonomously replicating vectors represent a simple and versatile model system for genetic modifications, but their localization in the nucleus and effect on endogenous gene expression is largely unknown. Using circular chromosome conformation capture we mapped genomic contact sites of S/MAR-based replicons in HeLa cells. The influence of cis-active sequences on genomic localization was assessed using replicons containing either an insulator sequence or an intron. While the original and the insulator-containing replicons displayed distinct contact sites, the intron-containing replicon showed a rather broad genomic contact pattern...
June 13, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604723/fish-ing-for-captured-contacts-towards-reconciling-fish-and-3c
#18
Geoffrey Fudenberg, Maxim Imakaev
Chromosome conformation capture (3C) and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) are two widely used technologies that provide distinct readouts of 3D chromosome organization. While both technologies can assay locus-specific organization, how to integrate views from 3C, or genome-wide Hi-C, and FISH is far from solved. Contact frequency, measured by Hi-C, and spatial distance, measured by FISH, are often assumed to quantify the same phenomena and used interchangeably. Here, however, we demonstrate that contact frequency is distinct from average spatial distance, both in polymer simulations and in experimental data...
July 2017: Nature Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577753/cocaine-induced-chromatin-modifications-associate-with-increased-expression-and-three-dimensional-looping-of-auts2
#19
Olivia Engmann, Benoit Labonté, Amanda Mitchell, Pavel Bashtrykov, Erin S Calipari, Chaggai Rosenbluh, Yong-Hwee E Loh, Deena M Walker, Dominika Burek, Peter J Hamilton, Orna Issler, Rachael L Neve, Gustavo Turecki, Yasmin Hurd, Andrew Chess, Li Shen, Isabelle Mansuy, Albert Jeltsch, Schahram Akbarian, Eric J Nestler
BACKGROUND: Exposure to drugs of abuse alters the epigenetic landscape of the brain's reward regions, such as the nucleus accumbens. We investigated how combinations of chromatin modifications affect genes that regulate responses to cocaine. We focused on Auts2, a gene linked to human evolution and cognitive disorders, which displays strong clustering of cocaine-induced chromatin modifications in this brain region. METHODS: We combined chromosome conformation capture, circularized chromosome conformation capture, and related approaches with behavioral paradigms relevant to cocaine phenotypes...
May 5, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549169/regulatory-dynamics-of-11p13-suggest-a-role-for-ehf-in-modifying-cf-lung-disease-severity
#20
Lindsay R Stolzenburg, Rui Yang, Jenny L Kerschner, Sara Fossum, Matthew Xu, Andrew Hoffmann, Kay-Marie Lamar, Sujana Ghosh, Sarah Wachtel, Shih-Hsing Leir, Ann Harris
Mutations in the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator (CFTR) gene cause cystic fibrosis (CF), but are not good predictors of lung phenotype. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) previously identified additional genomic sites associated with CF lung disease severity. One of these, at chromosome 11p13, is an intergenic region between Ets homologous factor (EHF) and Apaf-1 interacting protein (APIP). Our goal was to determine the functional significance of this region, which being intergenic is probably regulatory...
May 26, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
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