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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454294/parents-and-early-adolescents-self-efficacy-about-anger-regulation-and-early-adolescents-internalizing-and-externalizing-problems-a-longitudinal-study-in-three-countries
#1
Laura Di Giunta, Anne-Marie R Iselin, Jennifer E Lansford, Nancy Eisenberg, Carolina Lunetti, Eriona Thartori, Emanuele Basili, Concetta Pastorelli, Dario Bacchini, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Maria Gerbino
The present study examines whether early adolescents' self-efficacy beliefs about anger regulation mediate the relation between parents' self-efficacy beliefs about anger regulation and early adolescents' internalizing and externalizing problems. Participants were 534 early adolescents (T1: M age = 10.89, SD = .70; 50% female), their mothers (n = 534), and their fathers (n = 431). Families were drawn from Colombia, Italy, and the USA. Follow-up data were obtained two (T2) and three (T3) years later. At T1 and T3, parents' self-efficacy beliefs were self-reported and internalizing and externalizing problems were assessed via mothers', fathers', and early adolescents' reports...
February 14, 2018: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453000/neoadjuvant-chemoradiation-shows-no-survival-advantage-to-chemotherapy-alone-in-stage-iiia-patients
#2
Seth B Krantz, Brian Mitzman, Waseem Lutfi, Kristine Kuchta, Chi-Hsiung Wang, John A Howington, Ki Wan Kim
BACKGROUND: For operable patients with clinical stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer, the optimum neoadjuvant treatment strategy remains unclear. Our aim was to compare perioperative and long-term outcomes for patients receiving neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (NCRT) versus neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NCT) alone. METHODS: We queried the National Cancer Database to identify all patients with N2 and either T1-T2 non-small cell lung cancer who received either NCRT or NCT followed by lobectomy between 2006 and 2012...
February 13, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452924/incidental-hepatic-lesions-detected-on-breast-mri-rate-of-malignancy-and-implications-for-utilization
#3
Priya K Shah, Ilana A Kafer, Gregory M Grimaldi
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the rate of malignancy in incidentally detected T2 hyperintense hepatic lesions at breast MRI. METHODS: Incidental hepatic lesions identified during breast MRI, for which abdominal imaging was recommended, were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Of the hepatic lesions, 97.3% were benign, and 2.7% were malignant, with a significant association between indication for the breast MRI and the malignancy status of the hepatic lesion (Fisher's Exact, P < 0...
February 6, 2018: Clinical Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452908/gait-and-posture-analysis-in-patients-with-maxillary-transverse-discrepancy-before-and-after-rpe
#4
Martina Mason, Fabiola Spolaor, Annamaria Guiotto, Alberto De Stefani, Antonio Gracco, Zimi Sawacha
AIM: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of the rapid palatal expansion (RPE) on posture and gait analysis in subjects with maxillary transverse discrepancies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Forty-one patients between 6 and 12 years were divided into 3 groups: 10 control subjects (Cs), 16 patients with unilateral posterior crossbite (CbMono), 15 patients with maxillary transverse discrepancy and no crossbite (Nocb). Every subject underwent gait analysis and posturographic examination in order to evaluate the presence of balance alterations before (T0) and after (T4) RPE application...
February 13, 2018: International Orthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452703/validation-of-the-eighth-edition-of-the-american-joint-committee-on-cancer-staging-system-for-ampulla-of-vater-cancer
#5
Sung Joo Kim, Soyeon An, Hyo Jeong Kang, Joo Young Kim, Min Ah Jang, Jae Hoon Lee, Ki-Byung Song, Dae Wook Hwang, HyungJun Cho, Song Cheol Kim, Eunsil Yu, Seung-Mo Hong
BACKGROUND: The American Joint Committee on Cancer recently proposed the eighth edition of cancer staging system. Validation studies are required to evaluate the prognostic stratification of ampulla of Vater cancer patients. METHODS: In the study, 369 operatively resected patients with ampullary cancers were grouped based on the eighth T (T1a, limited to sphincter of Oddi; T1b, invasion to duodenal submucosa; T2, invasion to duodenal proper muscle; T3a, invasion to pancreas ≤0...
February 13, 2018: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452603/the-effects-of-desflurane-and-sevoflurane-on-nesfatin-1-levels-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
A T D Ozcan, C B Altin, S Erdogan, M Ergin, A Çiftçi, H Kara, S M Aksoy, A But
BACKGROUND: Nesfatin-1 is involved in cardiovascular regulation, stress-related responses. The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of volatile anesthetics on Nesfatin-1 levels. METHOD: Fourty-two patients aged 30-65 years with the American Society Anesthesiology (ASA) Class I-II who were scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study Patients were randomized into two group; desflurane administered group (Group I, n = 21) and sevoflurane administered group (Group II, n = 21)...
February 16, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452319/-white-cord-syndrome-of-acute-hemiparesis-after-posterior-cervical-decompression-and-fusion-for-chronic-cervical-stenosis
#7
Prince Antwi, Ryan Grant, Gregory Kuzmik, Khalid Abbed
BACKGROUND: "White cord syndrome" is a very rare condition thought to be the result of acute reperfusion of chronically ischemic areas of the spinal cord. Its hallmark is the presence of intramedullary hyperintense signal on T2-weighted MRI sequences in a patient with unexplained neurologic deficits following a spinal cord decompression. The syndrome is rare and has been reported previously in two patients following anterior cervical decompression and fusion. CASE DESCRIPTION: Here, we report an additional case of this complication in a 68-year-old man who developed acute left-sided hemiparesis after posterior cervical decompression and fusion for cervical spondylotic myelopathy...
February 13, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451588/religiosity-depression-and-quality-of-life-in-bipolar-disorder-a-two-year-prospective-study
#8
André Stroppa, Fernando A Colugnati, Harold G Koenig, Alexander Moreira-Almeida
OBJECTIVE: Few quantitative studies have examined the effect of religious involvement on the course of bipolar disorder (BD). We investigated the effects of religious activity and coping behaviors on the course of depression, mania, and quality of life (QoL) in patients with BD. METHODS: Two-year longitudinal study of 168 outpatients with BD. Linear regression was used to examine associations between religious predictors and outcome variables (manic symptoms, depression, QoL), controlling for sociodemographic variables...
February 15, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451456/clival-meningocele-causing-bilateral-hearing-loss-in-a-child-due-to-superficial-siderosis-of-the-central-nervous-system-case-report
#9
Stephen J Johans, Kevin N Swong, Daniel J Burkett, Michael P Wemhoff, Sean M Lew, Chirag R Patel, Anand V Germanwala
Superficial siderosis (SS) of the CNS is a rare and often unrecognized condition. Caused by hemosiderin deposition from chronic, repetitive hemorrhage in the subarachnoid space, it results in parenchymal damage in the subpial layers of the brain and spinal cord. T2-weighted MRI shows the characteristic hypointensity of hemosiderin deposition, classically occurring around the cerebellum, brainstem, and spinal cord. Patients present with progressive gait ataxia and sensorineural hearing impairment. Although there have been several studies, case reports, and review articles over the years, the clear pathophysiology of subarachnoid space hemorrhage remains to be elucidated...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450923/organic-zinc-and-copper-supplementation-on-antioxidant-protective-mechanism-and-their-correlation-with-sperm-functional-characteristics-in-goats
#10
M Narasimhaiah, A Arunachalam, S Sellappan, V K Mayasula, P R Guvvala, S K Ghosh, V Chandra, J Ghosh, H Kumar
Trace minerals feeding had significant effects on sperm production and fertility with better absorption and proper utilization within the body for optimum reproductive function. Several studies have shown that more influenced trace elements in the diets of animals are copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn). Bucks showing deficiency of this mineral might affect the quality of semen production which in turn would affect the fertility. This experiment was thus designed to test the effects of organic Cu and Zn supplementation on antioxidants enzyme activities and sperm functional attributes in fresh semen of bucks...
February 15, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450848/automated-pathogenesis-based-diagnosis-of-lumbar-neural-foraminal-stenosis-via-deep-multiscale-multitask-learning
#11
Zhongyi Han, Benzheng Wei, Stephanie Leung, Ilanit Ben Nachum, David Laidley, Shuo Li
Pathogenesis-based diagnosis is a key step to prevent and control lumbar neural foraminal stenosis (LNFS). It conducts both early diagnosis and comprehensive assessment by drawing crucial pathological links between pathogenic factors and LNFS. Automated pathogenesis-based diagnosis would simultaneously localize and grade multiple spinal organs (neural foramina, vertebrae, intervertebral discs) to diagnose LNFS and discover pathogenic factors. The automated way facilitates planning optimal therapeutic schedules and relieving clinicians from laborious workloads...
February 15, 2018: Neuroinformatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450611/high-spatial-resolution-navigated-3d-t1-weighted-hepatobiliary-mr-cholangiography-using-gd-eob-dtpa-for-evaluation-of-biliary-anatomy-in-living-liver-donors
#12
Jei Hee Lee, Bohyun Kim, Hye Jin Kim, Bong-Wan Kim, Hee-Jung Wang, Jai Keun Kim
PURPOSE: To determine the feasibility of high-resolution navigated three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted hepatobiliary MR cholangiography (Nav T1 MRC) using Gd-EOB-DTPA for biliary visualization in living liver donors and to assess added value of 3D T1-weighted hepatobiliary MRCs in improving the confidence and diagnostic accuracy of biliary anatomy in complementary to T2-weighted MRCs. METHODS: Twenty-nine right liver donors underwent 3D T2 MRC, 2D T2 MRC, breath-hold T1-weighted hepatobiliary MRC (BH T1 MRC), and Nav T1 MRC...
February 15, 2018: Abdominal Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450601/usefulness-of-perfusion-and-diffusion-weighted-imaging-to-differentiate-between-pilocytic-astrocytomas-and-high-grade-gliomas-a-multicenter-study-in-japan
#13
Kazufumi Kikuchi, Akio Hiwatashi, Osamu Togao, Koji Yamashita, Ryotaro Kamei, Mika Kitajima, Masafumi Kanoto, Hiroto Takahashi, Yusuke Uchiyama, Masafumi Harada, Yuki Shinohara, Takashi Yoshiura, Yuki Wakata, Hiroshi Honda
PURPOSE: Imaging findings of pilocytic astrocytoma (PA) vary widely, sometimes resembling those of high-grade glioma (HGG). This study aimed to identify the imaging parameters that can be used to differentiate PA from HGG. METHODS: Altogether, 60 patients with PAs and 138 patients with HGGs were included in the study. Tumor properties and the presence of hydrocephalus, peritumoral edema, and dissemination were evaluated. We also measured the maximum relative cerebral blood flow (rCBF max ) and volume (rCBV max ) and determined the minimum apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC min ) in the tumor's solid components...
February 15, 2018: Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449935/pleomorphic-liposarcoma-of-bone-a-rare-primary-malignant-bone-tumour
#14
G L Tiemeier, J M Brown, S E Pratap, C McCarthy, A Kastrenopoulou, K Bradley, S Wilson, Z Orosz, C L M H Gibbons, U Oppermann, N A Athanasou
Background: Liposarcoma is an extremely rare primary bone sarcoma. Case presentation: We report a case of primary pleomorphic liposarcoma that arose in an 18 year old male in the metaphysis of the left tibia. Plain radiographs showed a partly sclerotic lesion and MR imaging a heterogeneous tumour predominantly isointense on T1- and high-signal on T2-weighted sequences with focal areas of increased T1 signal that suppressed with fat saturation. PET/CT showed marked FDG uptake (SUV = 17...
2018: Clinical Sarcoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449673/the-predictive-and-prognostic-potential-of-plasma-telomerase-reverse-transcriptase-tert-rna-in-rectal-cancer-patients
#15
Enrica Rampazzo, Paola Del Bianco, Roberta Bertorelle, Caterina Boso, Alessandro Perin, Giovanna Spiro, Francesca Bergamo, Claudio Belluco, Angela Buonadonna, Elisa Palazzari, Sara Leonardi, Antonino De Paoli, Salvatore Pucciarelli, Anita De Rossi
BACKGROUND: Preoperative chemoradiotherapy (CRT) followed by surgery is the standard care for locally advanced rectal cancer, but tumour response to CRT and disease outcome are variable. The current study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of plasma telomerase reverse transcriptase (TERT) levels in predicting tumour response and clinical outcome. METHODS: 176 rectal cancer patients were included. Plasma samples were collected at baseline (before CRT=T0), 2 weeks after CRT was initiated (T1), post-CRT and before surgery (T2), and 4-8 months after surgery (T3) time points...
February 15, 2018: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449515/-therapeutic-effects-of-low-dose-bevacizumab-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-brain-metastases
#16
Etsuko Hattori, Akinori Miyakoshi, Kohichi Go, Toshiharu Aotake, Yoshiyuki Kawakami, Masato Sakamoto, Takeshi Kawauchi, Yuuki Oichi, Noritaka Sano, Makoto Hayase, Makoto Ohta, Yuki Hirose, Hiroki Toda
OBJECTIVE: Molecularly targeted therapy has been adopted to treat a number of cancers. Bevacizumab, a recombinant humanized monoclonal antibody against vascular endothelial growth factor, is a representative agent used in molecularly targeted therapeutic regimens. However, the therapeutic effect of bevacizumab for the treatment of brain metastases remains unknown. We report the clinical effects of low dose bevacizumab(≤2.5mg/kg/week)to treat recurrent brain metastases. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients with brain metastases who had been treated with bevacizumab between 2012 and 2016 at our institution...
February 2018: No Shinkei Geka. Neurological Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449279/mri-with-dwi-for-the-detection-of-posttreatment-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-why-morphologic-mri-criteria-matter
#17
A Ailianou, P Mundada, T De Perrot, M Pusztaszieri, P-A Poletti, M Becker
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Although diffusion-weighted imaging combined with morphologic MRI (DWIMRI) is used to detect posttreatment recurrent and second primary head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, the diagnostic criteria used so far have not been clarified. We hypothesized that precise MRI criteria based on signal intensity patterns on T2 and contrast-enhanced T1 complement DWI and therefore improve the diagnostic performance of DWIMRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed 1...
February 15, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448816/using-cartilage-mri-t2-mapping-to-analyze-early-cartilage-degeneration-in-the-knee-joint-of-young-professional-soccer-players
#18
Leonie Waldenmeier, Christoph Evers, Michael Uder, Rolf Janka, Frank Friedrich Hennig, Milena Liese Pachowsky, Götz Hannes Welsch
Objective To evaluate and characterize the appearance of articular cartilage in the tibiofemoral joint of young professional soccer players using T2-relaxation time evaluation on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Design In this study, we included 57 male adolescents from the youth academy of a professional soccer team. The MRI scans were acquired of the knee joint of the supporting leg. An "early unloading" (minute 0) and "late unloading" (minute 28) T2-sequence was included in the set of images...
February 1, 2018: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448805/differentiating-skull-base-chordomas-and-invasive-pituitary-adenomas-with-conventional-mri
#19
Ankang Gao, Jie Bai, Jingliang Cheng, Xiao Cheng, Shujian Li, Zanxia Zhang, Yong Zhang
Background It is difficult to distinguish between invasive pituitary adenomas (IPAs) and skull base chordomas based on tumor location and clinical manifestations. Purpose To investigate the value of the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC), T2-weighted (T2W) imaging, and dynamic contrast enhancement (DCE) in differentiating skull base chordomas and IPAs. Material and Methods Data for 21 patients with skull base chordomas and 27 patients with IPAs involving the paranasal sinus were retrospectively reviewed, and all diagnoses were pathologically confirmed...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448559/thermally-deposited-palladium-tungsten-carbide-and-platinum-tungsten-carbide-counter-electrodes-for-a-high-performance-dye-sensitized-solar-cell-based-on-organic-t-t%C3%A2-electrolyte
#20
Madsakorn Towannang, Anongnad Thiangkaew, Wasan Maiaugree, Kunthaya Ratchaphonsaenwong, Wirat Jarernboon, Samuk Pimanpang, Vittaya Amornkitbamrung
Tungsten carbide (WC) particles (~1 μm) were dispersed in DI water and dropped onto conductive glass. The resulting WC films were used as dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) counter electrodes. The performance of the WC DSSC based on the organic thiolate/disulfide (T-/T2) electrolyte was ~0.78%. The cell efficiency was greatly improved after decorating palladium (Pd) or platinum (Pt) nanoparticles on WC particles with a promising efficiency of ~2.15% for Pd-WC DSSC and ~4.62% for Pt-WC DSSC. The efficiency improvement of the composited (Pd-WC and Pt-WC) cells is attributed to co-functioning catalysts, the large electrode interfacial area and a low charge-transfer resistance at the electrolyte/counter electrode interface...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
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