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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318537/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-in-suspected-blunt-cardiac-injury-a-prospective-pilot-cohort-study
#1
Aidan Jc Burrell, David M Kaye, Mark C Fitzgerald, David J Cooper, James L Hare, Benedict T Costello, Andrew J Taylor
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and severity of blunt cardiac injury (BCI) as determined by cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMR), and to compare this to currently used diagnostic methods in severely injured patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective, pilot cohort study of 42 major trauma patients from July 2013 to Jan 2015. The cohort underwent CMR within 7 days, enrolling 21 patients with evidence of chest injury and an elevated Troponin I compared to 21 patients without chest injury who acted as controls...
February 27, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28317480/novel-insights-into-complex-cardiovascular-pathologies-using-4d-flow-analysis-by-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#2
Adam James Lewandowski, Betty Raman, Rajarshi Banerjee, Matteo Milanesi
BACKGROUND: It is essential that we are able to assess variations in blood flow in order to fully understand cardiovascular function in disease pathologies and for identification of individuals at long-term risk of cardiovascular disease development. Qualitative and quantitative assessments of blood flow by imaging modalities have been limited, and much of the accurate quantification has relied on invasive measures. METHODS: This review discusses how four-dimensional velocity cardiovascular magnetic resonance (4D flow CMR) offers increasing potential for the non-invasive assessment of blood flow in the heart and major blood vessels such as the aorta...
March 17, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303211/real-time-three-dimensional-echocardiography-characterization-of-cardiac-anatomy-and-function-current-clinical-applications-and-literature-review-update
#3
REVIEW
Omar Velasco, Morgan Q Beckett, Aaron W James, Megan N Loehr, Taylor G Lewis, Tahmin Hassan, Rajesh Janardhanan
Our review of real-time three-dimensional echocardiography (RT3DE) discusses the diagnostic utility of RT3DE and provides a comparison with two-dimensional echocardiography (2DE) in clinical cardiology. A Pubmed literature search on RT3DE was performed using the following key words: transthoracic, two-dimensional, three-dimensional, real-time, and left ventricular (LV) function. Articles included perspective clinical studies and meta-analyses in the English language, and focused on the role of RT3DE in human subjects...
2017: BioResearch Open Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292302/impact-of-left-ventricular-outflow-tract-ellipticity-on-the-grading-of-aortic-stenosis-in-patients-with-normal-ejection-fraction
#4
Frédéric Maes, Sophie Pierard, Christophe de Meester, Jamila Boulif, Mihaela Amzulescu, David Vancraeynest, Anne-Catherine Pouleur, Agnès Pasquet, Bernhard Gerber, Jean-Louis Vanoverschelde
BACKGROUND: The pathophysiology of paradoxical low-gradient (LG) severe aortic stenosis (SAS) remains controversial. As low transvalvular flow has been implicated, we sought to investigate the impact of left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT) ellipticity on the estimation of the LV stroke volume, the calculation of the aortic valve area (AVA) by use of the continuity equation and on AS severity grading. METHODS: We studied 190 consecutive patients (mean age: 72 ± 13 years; male: 57%) with SAS (indexed AVA < 0...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275558/myocardial-strain-and-symptom-severity-in-severe-aortic-stenosis-insights-from-cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance
#5
Tarique Al Musa, Akhlaque Uddin, Peter P Swoboda, Pankaj Garg, Timothy A Fairbairn, Laura E Dobson, Christopher D Steadman, Anvesha Singh, Bara Erhayiem, Sven Plein, Gerald P McCann, John P Greenwood
BACKGROUND: Symptomatic severe aortic stenosis (AS) is a class I indication for replacement in patients when left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) is preserved. However, symptom reporting is often equivocal and decision making can be challenging. We aimed to quantify myocardial deformation using cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) in patients classified by symptom severity. METHODS: Forty-two patients with severe AS referred to heart valve clinic were studied using tagged CMR imaging...
February 2017: Quantitative Imaging in Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270219/quantification-of-aortic-stenosis-diagnostic-parameters-comparison-of-fast-3-direction-and-1-direction-phase-contrast-cmr-and-transthoracic-echocardiography
#6
Juliana Serafim da Silveira, Matthew Smyke, Adam V Rich, Yingmin Liu, Ning Jin, Debbie Scandling, Jennifer A Dickerson, Carlos E Rochitte, Subha V Raman, Lee C Potter, Rizwan Ahmad, Orlando P Simonetti
BACKGROUND: Aortic stenosis (AS) is a common valvular disorder, and disease severity is currently assessed by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE). However, TTE results can be inconsistent in some patients, thus other diagnostic modalities such as cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) are demanded. While traditional unidirectional phase-contrast CMR (1Dir PC-CMR) underestimates velocity if the imaging plane is misaligned to the flow direction, multi-directional acquisitions are expected to improve velocity measurement accuracy...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236163/comparison-of-patients-undergoing-surgical-versus-transcatheter-pulmonary-valve-replacement-criteria-for-referral-and-mid-term-outcome
#7
Jenny E Zablah, Nilanjana Misra, Dorota Gruber, Dipak Kholwadwala, Shilpi Epstein
Pulmonary regurgitation and/or stenosis (PS) is challenging in patients with congenital heart defects. Our aim was to identify if criteria for referral were different between surgical (SPVR) and transcatheter pulmonary valve replacement (TPVR) populations, and to further assess if any baseline differences influence the resultant ventricular remodeling at medium-term follow-up. Retrospective chart review of patients post-SPVR or TPVR at our center from 2013 to 2015 was conducted. Volumetric data from cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), 1 year before and 1 year after PVR was obtained...
March 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222756/proximal-aortic-stiffening-in-turner-patients-may-be-present-before-dilation-can-be-detected-a-segmental-functional-mri-study
#8
Daniel G H Devos, Katya De Groote, Danilo Babin, Laurent Demulier, Yves Taeymans, Jos J Westenberg, Luc Van Bortel, Patrick Segers, Eric Achten, Jean De Schepper, Ernst Rietzschel
BACKGROUND: To study segmental structural and functional aortic properties in Turner syndrome (TS) patients. Aortic abnormalities contribute to increased morbidity and mortality of women with Turner syndrome. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) allows segmental study of aortic elastic properties. METHOD: We performed Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) and distensibility measurements using CMR of the thoracic and abdominal aorta in 55 TS-patients, aged 13-59y, and in a control population (n = 38;12-58y)...
February 13, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222749/the-impact-of-trans-catheter-aortic-valve-replacement-induced-left-bundle-branch-block-on-cardiac-reverse-remodeling
#9
Laura E Dobson, Tarique A Musa, Akhlaque Uddin, Timothy A Fairbairn, Owen J Bebb, Peter P Swoboda, Philip Haaf, James Foley, Pankaj Garg, Graham J Fent, Christopher J Malkin, Daniel J Blackman, Sven Plein, John P Greenwood
BACKGROUND: Left bundle branch block (LBBB) is common following trans-catheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) and has been linked to increased mortality, although whether this is related to less favourable cardiac reverse remodeling is unclear. The aim of the study was to investigate the impact of TAVR induced LBBB on cardiac reverse remodeling. METHODS: 48 patients undergoing TAVR for severe aortic stenosis were evaluated. 24 patients with new LBBB (LBBB-T) following TAVR were matched with 24 patients with a narrow post-procedure QRS (nQRS)...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210769/preprocedural-risk-assessment-prior-to-ppvi-with-cmr-and-cardiac-ct
#10
Ladonna Malone, Brian Fonseca, Thomas Fagan, Jane Gralla, Neil Wilson, Micheal DiMaria, Uyen Truong, Lorna P Browne
Percutaneous pulmonary valve intervention (PPVI) is a less invasive and less costly approach to pulmonary valve replacement compared with the surgical alternative. Potential complications of PPVI include coronary compression and pulmonary arterial injury/rupture. The purpose of this study was to characterize the morphological risk factors for PPVI complication with cardiac MRI and cardiac CTA. A retrospective review of 88 PPVI procedures was performed. 44 patients had preprocedural cardiac MRIs or CTAs available for review...
February 16, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173819/cardiovascular-magnetic-resonance-evaluation-of-symptomatic-severe-aortic-stenosis-association-of-circumferential-myocardial-strain-and-mortality
#11
Tarique Al Musa, Akhlaque Uddin, Peter P Swoboda, Timothy A Fairbairn, Laura E Dobson, Anvesha Singh, Pankaj Garg, Christopher D Steadman, Bara Erhayiem, Ananth Kidambi, David P Ripley, Adam K McDiarmid, Philip Haaf, Daniel J Blackman, Sven Plein, Gerald P McCann, John P Greenwood
BACKGROUND: It is unknown whether circumferential strain is associated with prognosis after treatment of aortic stenosis (AS). We aimed to characterise strain in severe AS, using myocardial tagging cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR), prior to and following Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) and Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (SAVR), and determine whether abnormalities in strain were associated with outcome. METHODS: CMR was performed pre- and 6 m post-intervention in 98 patients (52 TAVI, 46 SAVR; 77 ± 8 years) with severe AS...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153348/cardiac-magnetic-resonance-imaging-versus-transthoracic-echocardiography-for-prediction-of-outcomes-in-chronic-aortic-or-mitral-regurgitation
#12
Andrew W Harris, Eric V Krieger, Minkyu Kim, Peter J Cawley, David S Owens, Christian Hamilton-Craig, Jeffrey Maki, Catherine M Otto
In subjects with aortic regurgitation (AR) or mitral regurgitation (MR), transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) is recommended for surveillance. Few prospective studies have directly compared the ability of TTE and cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) to predict clinical outcomes in AR and MR. We hypothesized that, given its higher reproducibility, CMR would predict the need for valve surgery or heart failure (HF) hospitalization better than TTE. Quantitative TTE and CMR were performed on the same day for 51 subjects: 29 with chronic AR and 22 with chronic, primary MR for quantification of valve regurgitation...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129367/differences-in-aortic-valve-and-left-ventricular-parameters-related-to-the-severity-of-myocardial-fibrosis-in-patients-with-severe-aortic-valve-stenosis
#13
Inyoung Song, Sung Min Ko, Jeong Geun Yi, Hyun Keun Chee, Jun Seok Kim
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the morphological and functional characteristics of the aortic valve and the left ventricular (LV) systolic functional parameters and myocardial mass related to the severity of myocardial fibrosis (MF) in patients with severe aortic valve stenosis (AS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled 81 patients (48 men; mean age: 59±12 years) with severe AS who underwent transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), cardiac computed tomography (CCT), and cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) within 1 month and subsequent aortic valve surgery...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127033/advanced-imaging-in-valvular-heart-disease
#14
REVIEW
Jeroen J Bax, Victoria Delgado
Although echocardiography remains the mainstay imaging technique for the evaluation of patients with valvular heart disease (VHD), innovations in noninvasive imaging in the past few years have provided new insights into the pathophysiology and quantification of VHD, early detection of left ventricular (LV) dysfunction, and advanced prognostic assessment. The severity grading of valve dysfunction has been refined with the use of Doppler echocardiography, cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), and CT imaging. LV ejection fraction remains an important criterion when deciding whether patients should be referred for surgery...
April 2017: Nature Reviews. Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117280/post-procedural-myocardial-infarction-following-surgical-and-trans-catheter-aortic-valve-replacement
#15
Laura E Dobson, Tarique A Musa, Akhlaque Uddin, Timothy A Fairbairn, Peter P Swoboda, David P Ripley, Pankaj Garg, Betsy Evans, Christopher J Malkin, Daniel J Blackman, Sven Plein, John P Greenwood
AIMS: Myocardial injury assessed using cardiac biomarker release is ubiquitous following surgical (SAVR) and trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI), preventing accurate discrimination between focal myocardial infarction (MI) and global injury. Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging was used to compare rates of new MI following SAVR and TAVI. METHODS AND RESULTS: Identical CMR scans were obtained at baseline and 6m post- procedure in ninety-six patients undergoing SAVR (n=39) and TAVI (n=57)...
January 25, 2017: EuroIntervention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110433/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-cardiac-valve-plane-displacement-in-healthy-adults-age-stratified-normal-values-by-cardiac-magnetic-resonance
#16
Marco M Ochs, Thomas Fritz, Florian André, Johannes Riffel, Derliz Mereles, Matthias Müller-Hennessen, Evangelos Giannitsis, Hugo A Katus, Matthias G Friedrich, Sebastian J Buss
Cardiac valve plane displacement (CVPD) reflects longitudinal LV function. The purpose of the present study was to determine regional heterogeneity of CVPD in healthy adults to provide normal values by cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR). We measured the anterior aortic plane systolic excursion (AAPSE); the anterior, anterolateral, inferolateral, inferior, and inferoseptal mitral annular plane systolic excursion (MAPSE); and the lateral tricuspid annulus plane systolic excursion (TAPSE). Systolic excursion was measured as the distance from peak end-diastolic to peak end-sysstolic annular position (peak-to-peak) in cine images acquired in 2-, 3- and 4-chamber views...
January 21, 2017: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043462/right-ventricular-outflow-tract-reconstruction-with-a-polytetrafluoroethylene-monocusp-valve-a-20-year-experience
#17
Mohineesh Kumar, Mark W Turrentine, Mark D Rodefeld, Teresa Bell, John W Brown
In patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF), pulmonary atresia (PA), and other congenital right ventricular outflow tract (RVOT) malformations, polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) monocusp outflow tract patches (MOTP) relieve obstruction and provide pulmonary valve competence. The purpose of this study was to determine whether our PTFE-MOTP was an acceptable short- and mid-term remedy for patients with TOF or PA as assessed by freedom from severe pulmonary regurgitation and freedom from reoperation. From 1994-2014, 171 patients (mean age 1...
July 2016: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017384/myocardial-fibrosis-and-cardiac-decompensation-in-aortic-stenosis
#18
Calvin W L Chin, Russell J Everett, Jacek Kwiecinski, Alex T Vesey, Emily Yeung, Gavin Esson, William Jenkins, Maria Koo, Saeed Mirsadraee, Audrey C White, Alan G Japp, Sanjay K Prasad, Scott Semple, David E Newby, Marc R Dweck
OBJECTIVES: Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) was used to investigate the extracellular compartment and myocardial fibrosis in patients with aortic stenosis, as well as their association with other measures of left ventricular decompensation and mortality. BACKGROUND: Progressive myocardial fibrosis drives the transition from hypertrophy to heart failure in aortic stenosis. Diffuse fibrosis is associated with extracellular volume expansion that is detectable by T1 mapping, whereas late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) detects replacement fibrosis...
December 8, 2016: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005218/impact-of-surgical-pulmonary-valve-replacement-on-ventricular-mechanics-in-children-with-repaired-tetralogy-of-fallot
#19
D Yim, L Mertens, C T Morgan, M K Friedberg, L Grosse-Wortmann, A Dragulescu
Impaired ventricular myocardial mechanics are observed in patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot (rTOF). Effects of pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) on ventricular remodeling are controversial. The objective was to assess the impact of surgical PVR on ventricular mechanics in pediatric patients after rTOF. Speckle-tracking analysis was performed in 50 rTOF children, aged 12.6 ± 3.3 years, pre-operatively and 14.5 ± 2.2 months post-PVR. Early post-operative studies 2.2 ± 0.6 months post-PVR were performed in 28 patients...
December 22, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865184/changes-of-left-ventricular-mechanics-after-trans-catheter-aortic-valve-implantation-and-surgical-aortic-valve-replacement-for-severe-aortic-stenosis-a-tissue-tracking-cardiac-magnetic-resonance-study
#20
Gaetano Nucifora, John-Paul Tantiongco, Gareth Crouch, Jayme Bennetts, Ajay Sinhal, Phillip J Tully, Craig Bradbrook, Robert A Baker, Joseph B Selvanayagam
BACKGROUND: Left ventricular (LV) mechanics are impaired in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS). The aim of the present study was to assess their changes early and late after trans-catheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) and surgical aortic valve replacement (AVR) using cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) tissue-tracking imaging. METHODS: In 59 patients with severe AS undergoing either TAVI (n=35) or surgical AVR (n=24), CMR with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) imaging was performed before and early post-procedure to evaluate LV function and mass, and presence/extent of LGE...
February 1, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
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